|Title of Invention
A METHOD FOR ADJUSTING A MODE OF ELECTROMAGNETIC STIRRING OF THE LIQUID METAL OVER A HEIGHT OF A MOLD
|In a mold for the continuous casting of flat metal products with a submerged nozzle having lateral outlets, said mold being equipped on each of its long sides 3 with a pair of linear inductors generating a magnetic field that travels horizontally over the width of said long side and are placed on either side of the casting nozzle 5, this method for adjusting the stirring mode is characterized: - in that, since the inductors 10a to lib are mounted in pairs so as to to slide vertically over the height of the mold, said inductors, by being moved, pass from a low stirring position LP for assistance to the incoming jets of liquid metal, located level with the outlets 17 of the nozzle, to a high stirring position HP for making the cast liquid metal rotate about the casting axis, located level with the meniscus 9 of the liquid metal in the mold, and vice versa; and - in that, on passing from one position to the other, the connections for the inductors to the phases of the power supply 7 are modified so as to reverse the direction of travel of the magnetic field of only one of the two inductors of any one pair and also that, among the two inductors of the other pair, which is symmetrical with respect to the casting axis. Figure for the abstract: Figure 1
The present invention relates to the continuous casting of flat metal products, especially flat steel products. More particularly, the invention relates to the management of the flow pattern of the liquid metal poured into the casting mold by employing electromagnetic forces to improve the quality of the cast products and/or the productivity of the casting plant.
It should be noted that the term "flat products" is understood to mean slabs, narrow slabs, thin slabs, etc. or any other product of "elongate" cross section, that is to say one in which the width is at least twice the thickness.
The molds with which the flat products are cast conventionally have two long sides (or walls) made of copper or copper alloy, which are vigorously cooled by circulating water in contact with them, said long sides facing each other separated by a distance that defines the thickness of the cast product. These full-face walls adjoin their ends by two short side walls so as to form a" sealed casting space that reproduces the desired rectangular section. A system for cooling the walls, comprising water chambers and cooling channels, is designed to ensure that sufficient heat is extracted, via these walls, from the cast metal. Sufficient heat extraction results, at the exit of the mold, in the formation of a solidified metal shell in contact with these cooled walls, said shell being uniform around its perimeter and having a thickness of a few centimetres, so as to give the cast product a mechanically strong envelope in order to allow it to completely solidify under traction in the lower stages of the secondary cooling (direct water jets) of the casting machine.
As is known, the free surface of the cast metal in the mold (this surface will be called hereafter the "meniscus") is generally covered by a covering slag. The metal is therefore poured using a submerged nozzle, which dips a few tens of centimetres below the meniscus in the mold and is provided at its outlet end with lateral outlets via which the liquid metal spurts towards the short sides of the mold.
No one today can ignore the importance of the influence, both on the metallurgical quality (including being inclusion-free) of the cast metal and on the success of the casting operation itself or its productivity, of the flows of molten metal within the casting tube.
This is why, for more than thirty years now, and with various but always technically probative fortunes, steel continuous casting processes always employ electromagnetic forces for the purpose of constraining these liquid metal flows to various circulatory modes, some of which, depending on the situation and the desired effects, are considered to be more appropriate than others.
Electromagnetic stirring used in this way may be performed level with the mold itself and/or level with the secondary cooling zone of the casting machine.
In the case of in-mold stirring, the magnetic field acting through the long copper walls is produced by inductors that are placed either directly submerged in the upper water chamber of the mold or in separate compartments and therefore provided with their own cooling section.
Several types of in-mold electromagnetic stirring are being practised at the present time. They may be
briefly reviewed as indicated below.
A first type (see for example JP 1 228 645 or EP 0750958) consists of a gyratory movement of the molten metal level with the meniscus around the casting axis, so as to improve the quality of the surface of the cast products. To do this, horizontally travelling magnetic fields are applied in the meniscus region over the entire width of the long sides of the mold, the direction of travel being reversed between one long side and the other. To do this, a pair of polyphase inductors, with a flat structure, of the "asynchronous linear motor stator" type, is mounted in che upper part of the mold, each inductor spreading over the entire width of the long side.
A second recommended type of stirring consists in positioning the inductors roughly at mid-height of the mold so as to be able, this time, to apply, at the outlets of the submerged nozzle, a magnetic field that travels on the half-widths of the long sides. This field is produced by flat polyphase inductors mounted facing the long sides of the mold, this time as two pairs of inductors, one pair per long side, the inductors forming a pair being placed symmetrically on either side of the casting axis defined by the nozzle and each covering approximately one half-width of the long side. The assembly formed by these four inductors is connected to one or more polyphase power supplies which provides coherent control of the whole assembly. Thus, the magnetic field produced travels in opposite directions along the two inductors from one pair and in the same direction along the inductors from different sides facing each other on either side of the cast product.
In a first version, often referred to by the term EMLA (see for example EP 1551580), the field travels to the outside, that is to say from the nozzle towards the
short sides of the mold, and therefore cocurrently with the jets of molten metal arriving in the mold via the nozzle outlets. The primary purpose in this case is to promote, or stabilize, a configuration called a "double roll" of the liquid steel flow in the mold. A "double roll" configuration proves to be favourable, in particular for uniform influx of heat in the region of the meniscus, that naturally tends to cool by heat loss during casting, despite the presence of the covering slag.
In another version, referred to by the term EMLS (see for example EP 0 550 785), the magnetic field this time travels inwards, from the short sides towards the nozzle, and therefore countercurrently with the metal jets arriving in the mold. The purpose in this case is to "brake" the jets of metal so as to moderate their intensity in order to reduce the fluctuations in meniscus level and turbulence caused by too great a flow velocity.
Of course, these various examples do not constitute an exhaustive list of the possible ways of employing in-mold electromagnetic stirring for continuous casting currently available to the metallurgist. However, they do represent the two broad classes of stirring currently recommended for casting flat products (rotation at the meniscus or assistance to the jets emanating from the nozzle by braking or accelerating) which the metallurgist is confronted with when he has to make a choice in favour of one technology and rejecting the other. At the present time each stirring technology is exclusively, or almost exclusively, dedicated to one of these two aforementioned stirring modes so that the choice of stirring equipment is constricting, as being selective of the single type of stirring that this equipment will permit, the satisfactory operating conditions in all cases.
The -object of the invention is to alleviate this drawback by proposing, for the continuous casting of flat products, a simple but versatile electromagnetic stirring tool.
For this purpose, the subject of the invention is a method for adjusting the mode of electromagnetic stirring of the liquid metal over the height of a mold for the continuous casting of flat metal products with a submerged nozzle provided with lateral outlets directed towards the short sides of the mold, said mold being equipped, on each of its long sides, with a pair of polyphase linear inductors generating a magnetic field that travels horizontally over the width of said long side and are placed on either side of the casting axis defined by the nozzle, each inductor being connected to a power supply which provides coherent control of the set of four inductors, the adjustment being characterized:
- in that, since the inductors are mounted so as to slide over the height of the mold, said inductors, by being moved vertically, pass from a low functional position LP, by acting at the outlets of the casting nozzle, in which position the direction of travel of the field is reversed between the inductors of any one pair and maintained between the two inductors facing each other on two different pairs, to a high functional position HP, by acting at the meniscus of the liquid metal in the mold, in which position the field travels in the same direction over the inductors from any one pair and in the opposite direction between the two pairs, and vice versa; and
- in that, on passing from one functional position to the other, the direction of travel of the magnetic field of only one of the two inductors of any one pair is reversed, as is the direction of travel among the two inductors of the other pair, which is symmetrical with respect to the casting axis.
Thus, the invention consists, on the basis of electromagnetic equipment conventionally formed by four linear inductors generating a horizontally travelling field, which are placed on either side of the casting axis on each of the long sides of the mold, in providing:
- an arrangement whereby this equipment can be
moved in a vertical direction, that is to say over the
height of the mold (for example using worm gears,
hydraulic cylinders, racks and pinions, or any other
suitable means); and
- means for switching the current at the power
supply, allowing the direction of travel of the
magnetic field produced by at least two inductors among
the four to be reversed, one inductor once chosen on
the long side, the other then being chosen on the other
side in a symmetrical position with respect to the
casting axis. -
Consequently, as will doubtless have already been understood, with one and the same electromagnetic stirring equipment, it is easily possible:
- either to operate cocurrently or
countercurrently (EMLA or EMLS) with the jets of metal
entering the mold at the outlets of the casting nozzle
(low operating position LP of the equipment near the
middle of the mold);
- or to make the cast liquid metal rotate about
the casting axis level with the meniscus in the mold
(high operating position HP of the equipment).
Complementarily, the subject of the invention is also electromagnetic stirring equipment for a continuous casting mold for flat metal products, which implements this method, said equipment comprising:
- a battery of at least four travelling-magnetic-field linear inductors;
- at least one polyphase power supply for supplying said inductors and provided with an inverter
for at least two of the four inductors; and
- motor-driven means for moving said battery over
the continuous casting mold intended to accommodate
said battery, said means being capable of moving the
battery vertically between at least two functional
positions, HP and LP, separated from each other over
the height of the mold.
It should be pointed out that there already exists in the prior art continuous casting molds for vertically modifying the position of incorporated electromagnetic stirring equipment. However, such molds are intended for the continuous casting of blooms or billets, that is to say long products, and the inductor in question is, consequently, a single annular one, exclusively dedicated to rotating the cast metal (cf. US 4 957 156 or EP 0 778 098).
As regards flat products, equipment already exists for applying a magnetic field at various heights on the mold. Document WO 99/11404 for example describes an installation of this type. However it should be pointed out that this type of installation proposes in fact to place several sets of inductors, mounted in fixed positions, one on top of another, along the long sides of the mold.
The invention will be understood and other aspects and advantages will become more clearly apparent in view of the following description, given by way of example and with reference to the appended plates of drawings in which:
- Figure 1 is a general schematic view, in side elevation, of a mold for the continuous casting of steel slabs, which is equipped with the means according to the invention;
- Figure 2 shows schematically, in a vertical mid-plane passing through the casting axis and parallel to the long sides of the mold, the two functional
positions, the high position HP and the low position LP, of the battery of inductors that can be moved over the height of the mold;
- Figure 3 (part 3a and 3b) is a representation similar to that of Figure 2, but this time in a view parallel to the short sides of the mold;
- Figure 4 is a diagram, seen from above the mold, showing the principle of the mode of action of the travelling-magnetic-field inductors when these are in the high functional position HP; and
- Figures 5a and 5b show, respectively, in a view similar to Figure 4, the mode of action of the travelling-magnetic-field inductors when these are in the low functional position LP.
In the figures, the same elements are denoted by the same reference numbers.
It will have been understood that the implementation of the invention consists in allowing the inductors to slide vertically along the long side of the mold by modifying, at the same time, some of their connections to the power supply so as to modify their stirring action depending on the point along the height where they are located.
Figure 1, showing a mold 1 for casting steel slabs 2, illustrates in a general manner the means for implementing the invention. Conventionally, this mold comprises two pairs of plates (two long plates 3 and two short plates 4) made of copper or copper alloy, which are cooled by the vigorous circulation of water flowing against their external surface from a water inlet lower chamber 20 to a water outlet upper chamber 21. The contiguous sealed assembly of the set of these four plates defines the casting space, of rectangular elongate shape. The term "elongate shape" refers to a geometry of the cast product, the long sides of which are at least twice the length of the short sides.
The casting space of the mold is fed with liquid metal via a submerged nozzle 5 centred on the casting axis A, the top end of the nozzle being sealably fastened to the opening in the bottom of a tundish (not shown) placed a short distance thereabove. The free bottom end of the nozzle, better seen in Figures 2 and 3, is provided with lateral outlets 17 directed towards the short sides 4. This end conventionally dips into the mold to a depth of about 15 to 30 cm below the free surface (or meniscus) 9 of molten metal in the mold, i.e. about 25 to 40 cm below the upper edge of the copper plates.
An electromagnetic stirring unit 6, connected to a two-phase or three-phase power supply 7, is mounted facing the long sides 3 of the mold. More precisely, this stirring unit is mounted in the recess usually left available between the upper water chamber 21 and the lower water chamber 20, which chambers both either form boxes, each with a height of about 20 cm, placed just behind the terminal portions of the long plates 3.
The power supply 7 incorporates a converter so as to be able to vary the frequency of the current. It is by choosing the frequency of the inductor excitation current that the travel speed of the magnetic field produced is set. By adjusting the intensity of this current, the intensity of the magnetic field can be adjusted.
The electromagnetic stirring unit 6 comprises a battery of four linear inductors (10a, 10b and 11a, llb), which are preferably identical, of the "asynchronous linear motor stator" type. These are preferably flat inductors, of conventional technology, with wound salient magnetic poles of elongate shape along the vertical direction and arranged so as to be parallel to one another over the length of the inductor, said
length being determined so as to be able to cover approximately one half-width of the long plates 3 of the mold. The windings around the magnetic poles are advantageously formed by hollow conductors cooled by the internal circulation of a cooling fluid, preferably treated water. They thus possess their own feeding circuit, independently therefore of that for cooling the mold that receives them. These inductors are between about 2 00 and 30 0 mm in height as regards their active part (pole faces of the poles), i.e. between 400 and 500 mm overall, taking into account the winding heads, which project on either side of the poles.
The four inductors are grouped two by two in pairs 10 and 11, with one pair of inductors for each long side 3 of the mold. The inductors of one pair are placed on either side of the nozzle 5, and the two pairs face each other on either side of the cast product 2. The inductors of any one pair are fastened, a certain distance (about 10 cm) apart, by attachments 19 in order to form a mechanically rigid assembly.
They are connected individually to the power supply 7. A switch unit 8 is provided at this power supply in order to allow the direction of the current to be reversed, and therefore to allow the magnetic field produced to travel, in at least two inductors of different pairs.
According to the invention, the.inductors are mounted so as to move in vertical translation over the mold. The use of conventional means for moving heavy loads, such as hydraulic cylinders, rack-and-pinion systems, mechanical attenuators, such as motor-driven worm gears 16, etc., is perfectly possible and even recommended. However, the amplitude of operation must be capable of allowing the battery of inductors 6 to be moved over about 10 or 20 cm, or even more. Experiments have shown in fact that this relatively small displacement in
height is sufficient to allow the means of the
invention to act with the required selectivity on the
liquid metal in the mold, as will be seen in greater
detail later on.
Since the inductors are moved vertically, it is advantageous, because the moveable assembly weighs several tons, to provide, on either side of each pair of inductors, guide rails 13 that cooperate with eyelets 15 provided for this purpose at the top and bottom ends of the outer edges of each inductor in order to ensure that the battery of inductors is moved correctly.
This vertical movement is provided by motor-driven control means, which include an actual control unit 14, controlling the operation of hydraulic cylinders or, as exemplified here, reversible electric motors 16 mounted on t'he end of screw jacks 12. Thus, by axial rotation of the gear worms 12, the battery 6 of inductors is moved vertically between a high functional position, acting level with the meniscus 9, and a low functional position, acting level with the outlets of the nozzle 5.
This unit 14 is connected to the power supply 7 in order to activate the switching unit 8 during these movements and thus make the necessary reversals in Lhe connections of the inductor windings to the phases of the power supply. Since each inductor produces, by construction, a magnetic field that travels horizontally over one, and only one, half-width of the long sides 3 of the mold, depending on the way in which it is electrically connected, this field will be directed either outwardly (from the nozzle to the short side) or inwardly (from the short side to the nozzle).
In what follows, reference will be made jointly to Figures 2 to 5 so as to have a more complete approach
of the means employed for carrying out the invention.
To begin with, a few dimensional details, useful for properly understanding the invention, will be given. It should be emphasized beforehand that the functional position of the inductors over the height of the mold, by nature a moveable position according to the invention, includes, of course, end-of-travel stops constrained by the height dimension of the inductors themselves and by the overall size of the members of the mold that are present at this point, especially the upper water chamber.
A current mold for the continuous casting of steel slabs has a length of about 900 mm. Its upper 21 and lower 20 water boxes themselves measure about 200 mm in height. The available recess between them is therefore 500 mm. If the inductors are 400 mm in height, this recess is of sufficient size to accommodate them and allow them to move heightwise over a distance of about 10 cm.
It has been found that such an amplitude of movement is sufficient to implement the invention. However, it is perfectly possible to increase it to more than about 10 cm by correspondingly reducing the height of the upper water box 21, without thereby impairing the efficiency of the mold cooling. It is in respect of this constructional variant that the appended figures ha\e been given. Thus, an amplitude of movement over the height of about 2 0 cm is provided. Of course, this affords greater selectivity in the desired respective stirring actions carried out on the cast metal level with the meniscus or level with the nozzle outlets.
To describe this mobility geometrically, it is convenient to take the point at mid-height on the active part of the inductors as a level reference. This is an arbitrary choice and it would of course be
possible to choose another reference on the inductor, for example on its upper edge, without this in any way-changing the implementation of the invention or its understanding.
Thus, when the battery of inductors 6 is raised to the maximum height so as to butt against the bottom of the upper box 21, the stirring configuration is in the high functional position HP. In other words, the reference point, at the middle of the active parts, is located at a height dimension denoted by HP. Although this active part of the inductors is necessarily shifted downwards with respect to the level of the meniscus 9, the point where the stirring action is therefore desired, in the high functional position HP, this action is nevertheless effectively felt in the meniscus region. The inductors (shown by the bold dotted lines in Figure 2) are then connected to the power supply in order to generate a gyratory movement on the surface of the molten metal around the casting axis A. For this purpose, the two inductors 10a, 10b of any one pair 10 generate a field that travels in the same direction (from the left to the right in Figure 4), and therefore having a uniform stirring effect over the entire width of the associated long side. However, the direction of travel of the field is reversed from the pair 10 to the other pair 11 over the other long side of the mold.
When the battery of inductors is lowered by 10 or 15 cm downwards, therefore approximately to mid-height of the mold, or even as far as butting against the lower box 20 (cf. Figure 3a), the stirring configuration is in the low functional position LP. In the low functional position LP, the electromagnetic stirring is strongly felt at the outlets 17 of the nozzle 5, at the point where it is therefore desired, although the active part of the inductors is, here again, shifted downwards with respect to this level. The inductors are then connected to the power supply 7 so as to generate magnetic fields
travelling cocurrently (Figure 5a) or countercurrently (Figure 5b) with the jets of metal 18 emanating from the outlets towards the short sides 4 of the mold. It will be recalled that the cocurrent configuration is synonymous with jet acceleration (of the EMLA type) , whereas the countercurrent configuration, therefore of the EMLS type, is synonymous with jet "braking".
At this stage, it may be useful to provide the following details. As was already emphasized at the beginning, it is in fact sufficient to move the inductors over a maximum of 10 or 15 cm upwards from a position approximately midway along the mold in order to be able to discriminate a stirring action level with the outlets from a stirring action level with the meniscus, and vice versa. Experience shows that, even though this is not located at the core of the active part of the inductors, -whenever the point where it is desired to exert the stirring action over the height of the mold lies, if not in this active portion, at least in its immediate vicinity, this action proves to be fully effective. Moreover, if required, the reserve of power delivered by the power supply may compensate for any reduction in electromagnetic force created at the required point of stirring action over the height of the mold due to this point being away from the active part of the inductors.
Having explained these details, the normal course of the description continues. According to the invention, on passing from the low position LP to the high position HP, or vice versa, the control unit 14 acts on the switching unit 8 in order to reverse the electrical phase connections for only two inductors located in axial symmetry with respect to the nozzle 5, each on one long side 3 of the mold, so as to reverse the direction of travel of the magnetic field that they generate. To do this, it is sufficient to act on any two phases of the three of a three-phase supply, or to
reverse the direction of the current of one phase in the case of a two-phase supply.
Thus, by passing from the low position LP to the high position HP, stirring is set up so as to generate an axial rotational movement of the liquid metal in the upper part of the mold. In contrast, on passing from the high position HP to the low position LP, the operator is left with the choice of assistance for the fresh metal jets emanating from the nozzle, by linear magnetic stirring, the action of which may be implemented in jet accelerator mode (Figure 5a) or jet braking mode (Figure 5b).
More precisely, in the case exemplary in the figures:
a) the inductors pass from a high functional
position HP for rotational stirring, shown in Figure 4,
in which consequently the magnetic fields of the
inductors 10a and 10b both travel from the left to the
right and the fields of the facing inductors 11a and
llb both travel from the right to the left (the
contrary being perfectly equivalent moreover), to a low
position LP for linear stirring in which two
possibilities are presented:
- either, as shown in Figure 5a (path a) , the direction of travel of the magnetic field of the inductor 10a and the inductor llb is reversed (the inductor llb being symmetrical to the inductor 10b with respect to the casting axis A) in order to be in a cocurrent stirring configuration with respect to the incoming jets of metal 18 (EMLA mode)
- or, as shown in Figure 5b (path b), the direction of travel of the field of the inductor 10b and the inductor 11a (its symmetric inductor with respect to the casting axis A) is reversed so as to be in a linear stirring configuration of the type countercurrent with the jets (EMLS mode); and
b) conversely, the inductors pass from a low
functional position LP for linear stirring:
(figure 5a), to a high position HP for rotary stirring (Figure 4 (path a) ) by reversing the direction of travel of the magnetic field produced by just the inductors 10a and llb,
- or, in countercurrent mode (Figure 5b) , to this same high position HP for rotary stirring (Figure 4 (path b) ) by reversing the direction of travel of the magnetic field produced by just the inductors 10b and 11a.
Of course, the power supply 7 delivers current intensities and frequencies that can be adjusted to values chosen in advance. The control unit 14, which is connected to the power supply, can manage this possibility so as to vary the intensity of the applied force. This is because, although in "accelerator" (EMLA) mode it is advantageous for the four inductors to exert a similar force on the metal, this configuration is not always desirable for the gyratory movement level with the meniscus. For example, it may be advantageous for the two inductors, the field of which travels against the flow of liquid metal, to provide a larger magnetic force than the others.
It goes without saying that the invention is not limited to the examples explicitly given in the present specification, rather it extends to many variants or equivalents provided that its definition given by the appended claims is respected.
For example, a system based on a single drive motor with a chain and gears mounted on the end of screw jacks 12 may replace the system described, having individual motors by jacks.
Moreover, it is possible to devise a way of winding the inductors in which the winding heads (i.e. electrical parts that project beyond the magnetic circuit) are no
longer vertical, as is standard practice, but folded outwards, at least as regards the upper winding heads. Thus, it is possible, where required, to gain slightly in terms of end-of-travel distance when the battery of inductors butts against the bottom of the box of the upper water chamber in order to be in the high operating position.
Furthermore, the electrical conductors forming the windings of the inductors may be solid conductors. Temperature maintenance of the inductors may in this case be provided by immersing each pair of inductors in a sealed box through which a cooling liquid circulates.
Moreover, the invention may of course be implemented both during any one casting run and between two successive casting runs.
1. Method for adjusting the mode of electromagnetic
stirring of the liquid metal over the height of a mold
for the continuous casting of flat metal products with
a submerged nozzle provided with lateral outlets
directed towards the short sides of the mold, said mold
being equipped, on each of its long sides, with a pair
of polyphase linear inductors generating a magnetic
field that travels horizontally over the width of said
long side and are placed on either side of the nozzle,
each inductor being connected to a power supply which
provides coherent control of the set of four inductors,
the method being characterized:
- in that, since the inductors are mounted so as to slide vertically over the height of the mold, said inductors, by being moved, pass from a low functional position LP, by acting at the outlets of the nozzle, in which position the direction of travel of the field is reversed between the inductors of any one pair and maintained between the two inductors facing each other on two different pairs, to a high functional position HP, by acting at the meniscus of the liquid metal in the mold, in which position the field travels in the same direction over the inductors from any one pair and in the opposite direction between the two pairs, and vice versa; and
- in that, on passing from one functional position to the other, the connections for the inductors to said power supply are modified so as to reverse the direction of travel of the magnetic field of only one of the two inductors of any one pair and also that, among the two inductors of the other pair, which is symmetrical with respect to the casting axis.
2. Method according to Claim 1, characterized in that
when the inductors pass from the low position LP to the
high position HP, the electrical connection for two
inductors placed symmetrically with respect to the
casting axis is reversed on two different pairs so as to generate a gyratory movement within the liquid metal.
3. Method according to Claim 1, characterized in that when the inductors pass from the high position HP to the low position LP, the electrical connection for two inductors placed symmetrically with respect to the casting axis is reversed on two different pairs so as to generate a stirring effect at the core or countercurrently with respect to the jets of metal emanating from the outlets of the casting nozzle.
4. Method according to Claim 3, characterized in that, for the purpose of generating an effect cocurrent with the jets, the electrical connections for the inductors whose magnetic field produced hitherto travelled in a direction going from a short side of the mold to the nozzle, are reversed.
5. Method according to Claim 3, characterized in that, for the purpose of generating an effect countercurrent with respect to the jets, the electrical connections for the inductors whose magnetic field produced hitherto travelled in a direction going from the nozzle to a short side of the mold, are reversed.
6. Electromagnetic stirring equipment for a continuous casting mold for flat metal products, comprising a battery (6) of at least four travelling-magnetic-field linear inductors (10a, 10b, 11a, lib) and a polyphase power supply (7) connected to each inductor, characterized in that said power supply is provided with a current switching unit (8) for at least two of said inductors (10a to llb) and in that it further includes, on the one hand, motor-driven means (12, 13, 14, 16) for moving said battery of inductors (6) over the mold intended to accommodate said battery, said means being capable of moving said battery between
at least two functional positions, HP and LP, separated from each other over the height of the mold.
7. Electromagnetic stirring equipment according to Claim 6, characterized in that the constituent winding heads of the electrical windings of the inductors are folded outwards, at least as regards the upper heads.
|Indian Patent Application Number
|PG Journal Number
|Date of Filing
|Name of Patentee
|TOURS MERCURIALES, 40, RUE JEAN JAURES, F-93170 BAGNOLET, FRANCE
|PCT International Classification Number
|PCT International Application Number
|PCT International Filing date