|Title of Invention||
|Abstract||The invention relates to a disc brake with a rotatable and axially displaceable shaft for actuation, and with an actuating element. Further, a sealing means with a sealing portion is provided, which acts elastically on an associated sealing surface, with the sealing portion closing a slot between the sealing surface and the housing for sealing purposes and abutting on a stop. An object of the invention is to disclose a brake disc with a sealing means, which is of straightforward design and ensures a sufficient sealing effect in all operating conditions. According to the invention, this object is achieved in that the stop, the sealing surface and the actuating element are designed integrally. This measure allows significantly reducing the production costs because the complexity of components is decreased and the assembly is thus simplified. (Figure 1)|
The present invention relates to a disc brake with a shaft for actuation, which is supported in a housing in a rotatable and axially displaceable manner and extends with one shaft end through a housing opening, with an actuating element being arranged on the shaft end. Further, a sealing means with a sealing portion is provided, which acts elastically on an associated sealing surface. In consequence of an axial movement of the shaft, the sealing portion is movable on the associated sealing surface transversely to the axial movement of the shaft, and is limited by a stop, with the sealing portion closing a slot between the sealing surface and the housing for sealing purposes.
DE 101 04 158 Al discloses a combined disc brake caliper. A sealing portion acts between the housing and an actuating element attached to the shaft. The actuating element includes an additional sleeve, on which the sealing portion having the shape of a sealing lip is elastically seated and sliding. For activation of a parking brake function, the shaft along with the actuating element performs a rotation and an axial movement in relation to the housing. In particular the axial movement impairs the sealing function because it causes a radial movement between sealing portion and sealing surface. Cyclic radial movements can cause dirt to move successively from the sealing portion into the housing interior. It is especially disadvantageous that additional effort is needed
for the manufacture and assembly of actuating element and sleeve, because the complexity of production and production costs are increased as a result.
Based on the above, an object of the invention is to disclose a brake disc with a sealing means, which has a simple construction and safeguards an improved sealing effect in all operating conditions.
According to the invention, this object is achieved in that the stop, the sealing surface, and the actuating element have an integral design. This measure allows significantly reducing the production costs, because the complexity of components decreases, thus simplifying the assembly. Separate components, sleeves or like parts are not necessary.
In a favorable embodiment of the invention, the stop is arranged to be circumferential on the actuating element. It is thereby ensured that the sealing portion of the sealing means is fixed over the entire circumference in terms of a possible transverse movement on the actuating element, and optimal sealing is thus achieved.
In order to prevent a slot from developing between the sealing portion and the actuating element upon axial movement of the shaft, the stop is disposed radially farther outwards than the sealing portion. A distance (B) between stop and shaft is hence larger than a distance (A) between sealing portion and shaft. It is achieved by this geometric constellation of stop and sealing portion that with each axial movement of the shaft, instead of a transverse movement, an upsetting
deformation of the sealing portion is caused and the development of a slot is counteracted.
In another design of the invention, the stop is configured as a tubular projection, projecting in the direction of the housing. This is advantageous in that the tubular projection serves as a discharge channel and impact protection for the sealing portion and protects the sealing portion against spray water, dirt and impacts.
In an advantageous improvement of the invention, the stop is a flank of a recess. The recess that is indented in the actuating element accommodates part of the sealing portion, and a flank acts as a stop, preventing a transverse movement of the sealing portion. As the recess can fix the sealing portion radially in two directions, the very favorable effect is achieved that the sealing portion is prevented from buckling in the direction of the shaft. The sealing effect is thereby maintained under all circumstances.
It is the teaching of an especially favorable embodiment of the invention to furnish the sealing means with another sealing portion, which acts elastically on an associated sealing surface on the shaft. Further, the sealing surface has at least one stop for the axial fixation of the sealing portion. The redundant arrangement of two sealing portions in total allows improving the seal-tightness and increasing the useful life.
Favorably, the stop on the shaft can represent an indented circumferential groove, which fixes the above-referenced sealing portion axially in position. A groove can be indented
during the manufacture of the shaft without entailing much effort, and no additional costs of manufacture are incurred hereby. The sealing portion is so-to-speak buttoned into the groove.
For further reduction of the costs of manufacture, it is suggested to make the stops on the shaft and/or on the actuating element by means of non-cutting manufacturing processes, in particular by stamping or pressing.
Further details of the invention can be taken from the drawings by way of the description.
In the accompanying drawings:
Figure 1 is a partial cross-sectional enlarged view of a disc brake, with a tubular projection acting as a stop; and
Figure 2 shows an embodiment of the invention, a stop being provided by a flank of a recess.
A disc brake of the invention is explained in connection with Figures 1 and 2. Only an essential part of a combined disc brake caliper is shown. The two Figures exhibit different embodiments, and corresponding features have been assigned like reference numerals.
Principally, a disc brake 1 of this type is employed in combined disc brake calipers, which permit both a service brake operation and a parking brake operation. Combined disc brake calipers of this type frequently include a shaft 2,
which extends with a shaft end 19 through the housing 24. Shaft 2 frequently cooperates within the housing 24 especially with a (non-illustrated) ramp device or an eccentric device for the operation of the parking brake. The mounting support of the shaft 2 in the housing 24 is carried out by means of a slide bush 4. Since pressurized working medium is available in an inner space of the housing 24, a seal 5 is mounted on the slide bush 4 between housing 24 and shaft 2, preventing leakage of the working medium. Outside the housing 24, an actuating element 23 is fastened at the shaft end 19 of the shaft 2 in order to introduce an actuating force into the housing 24 of the combined disc bake caliper.
Figure 1 further shows a first embodiment of the disc brake 1 of the invention with a sealing means 22. It mainly comprises two sealing portions 8, 14, an axial sealing surface 13 at the actuating element 23, and a radial sealing surface 15 on the shaft 2. The sealing means 22 annularly encloses the shaft 2 and is rotatably arranged in a housing groove 6. A clamping element 7 is provided in the sealing means 22, clamping the sealing means 22 in the housing groove 6. The sealing portion 14 shuts off and seals a slot between the housing 1 and the shaft 2, with the sealing portion 14 bearing against the sealing surface 15 of the shaft 2 and being arrested by a stop 17 in an axial direction. According to this embodiment, the stop 17 is formed of a circumferential groove 16 in the shaft 2. Shaft steps or other projections on the shaft, acting as axially fixing stops, are also feasible. In order to further improve the sealing effect of the sealing portion 14, the latter also bears against the axial sealing surface 13, with the effective area of the sealing portion 14 being configured as a labyrinth seal.
The sealing portion 8 abuts on the axial sealing surface 13 and on the stop 10, thereby closing a slot between the actuating element 23 and the housing 1. In this arrangement, the sealing portion 8 is designed as a sealing lip 9. It is significant in this respect that the distance B between the stop 10 and an axis 3 of the shaft 2 is larger than a distance A between the sealing portion 8 and the axis 3. In the present case, the stop 10 is arranged at a tubular projection 11, which is made from the actuating element 23 in shaping processes. When the projection 11 is made, it is preferred to produce the sealing surface 13 in the same shaping process.
The function of the sealing device of Figure 1 is illustrated in the following. The shaft 2 and the actuating element 23 are mounted rotatably and axially displaceably in the housing 24 and serve to transmit an actuating force when a parking brake function is required. Upon actuation of the parking brake, the shaft 2 and the actuating element 23 are turned. The components 2, 23 simultaneously perform an axial movement 20. As the sealing means 22 is immovably arranged in the housing 24, the shaft 2 and the actuating element 23 perform a movement relative to the sealing portions 8 and 14.
To prevent the sealing portion 14 from wandering axially on the shaft 2, a groove 16 is provided on the shaft 2. The groove ensures that the sealing portion 14 also performs the axial movement 20 of the shaft 2. A rotation between shaft 2 and sealing portion 14 is allowed at the same time. It is safeguarded this way that the sealing portion 14 is always active on the sealing surface 15 on the shaft 2 and on the sealing surface 13 at the actuating element 13.
The sealing lip 9 of the sealing portion 8 bears against the stop 10 and against the sealing surface 13 of the actuating 23, siding on the sealing surface 13 and on the stop 10 due to the rotation of the actuating element 23. Since the shaft 2 and the actuating element 23 perform an axial movement 20 and the stop 10 prevents a radial movement 20 of the sealing lip 9 on the sealing surface 13, the sealing portion 8 is upset at the stop 10. On the one hand, it is thus prevented that the sealing lip 9 conveys dirt and sediments into the sealing device due to a radial movement 20. On the other hand, the upsetting deformation produces a contact pressure between sealing surface 13, stop 10 and sealing lip 9, what contributes to improving the sealing effect. In addition, the stop 10 designed as projection 11 acts as a discharge channel and impact protection for the sealing lip 9, thus keeping away dirt and the ingress of moisture.
A second embodiment is explained in connection with Figure 2. As the basic design of both embodiments is identical, only the differences will be dealt with in the following. The differences can be seen in that the stop 10 is not formed by a projection 11 (Figure 1), but by a flank of a recess 12. To make this recess 12, non-cutting processes such as stamping or pressing can be used, which are principally less cost-intensive than cutting shaping processes.
To explain the mode of operation of the embodiment of Figure 2, reference is made to the description of Figure 1. However, it shall be stated that the shape of the stop 10 as recess 12 has the following advantage in terms of function. As the recess 12 accommodates part of the sealing lip 9 of the
sealing portion 8, a radial movement 20 on the actuating element 23 is completely ruled out, because the sealing lip abuts on both flanks of the recess 12. The flank of the recess 12 pointing away from the axis 3 assumes the function of the stop 10, while the flank of the recess 12 pointing to the axis 3 forms another stop 18. Stop 18 prevents the sealing portion 8 or the sealing lip 9, respectively, from buckling towards shaft 2. The sealing effect of the sealing means 22 and the safety against buckling is considerably improved thereby.
List of Reference Numerals:
1 disc brake
4 slide bush
6 housing groove
7 clamping element
8 sealing portion
9 sealing lip
13 sealing surface
14 sealing portion
15 sealing surface
19 shaft end
20 radial movement
21 axial movement
22 sealing means
23 actuating element
A distance axis-sealing portion
B distance axis-stop
Disc brake (1) with a shaft (2) in particular for actuation of a parking brake, which is supported in a housing (24) in a rotatable and axially displaceable manner and extends with one shaft end (19) through a housing opening, with an actuating element (23) being arranged on the shaft end (19), including a sealing means (22) with a sealing portion (8), which acts elastically on an associated sealing surface (13) and, in consequence of an axial movement (20) of the shaft
(2) on the sealing surface (13), is movable transversely to the axial movement (20) of the shaft
(2), and is limited by a stop (10), with the sealing portion (8) closing a slot between the sealing surface
(13) and the housing (24) for sealing purposes, characterized in that the stop (10), the sealing surface (13) and the actuating element (23) have an integral design.
Disc brake (1) as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that the stop (10) is arranged on the actuating element (23) in a circumferential manner.
Disc brake (1) as claimed in claims 1 and 2, characterized in that a distance (B) between the stop (10) and the shaft (2) is larger than a distance (A) between the sealing portion (8) and the shaft (2).
Disc brake (1) as claimed in claims 1 to 3, characterized in that the stop (10) is configured as a tubular projection (11) and projects in the direction of the housing (24).
Disc brake (1) as claimed in claims 1 and 2, characterized in that the stop (10) is formed by a flank of a recess (12).
Disc brake (1) as claimed in claim 1,
characterized in that the sealing means (22) includes another sealing portion (14), which acts elastically on an associated sealing surface (15) on the shaft (2), and in that the sealing surface (15) has at least one stop (17) for the axial fixation of the sealing portion (14).
Disc brake (1) as claimed in claim 7, characterized in that the stop (17) is provided as a circumferential groove (16) indented into the shaft (2).
Disc brake (1) as claimed in any one or more of the preceding claims,
characterized in that the stops (10, 17) are made by means of non-cutting manufacturing processes, in particular by stamping or pressing operations.
|Indian Patent Application Number||3168/CHENP/2007|
|PG Journal Number||19/2012|
|Date of Filing||18-Jul-2007|
|Name of Patentee||CONTINENTAL TEVES AG & CO. OHG|
|Applicant Address||Guerickestrasse 7, 60488 Frankfurt AM MAIN|
|PCT International Classification Number||F16D 65/18|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP06/50285|
|PCT International Filing date||2006-01-18|