|Title of Invention||
ROTARY KNOB FOR ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
|Abstract||The invention concerns a rotary knob for an electrical system, whereof the body (10) contains a rotary maneuvering member (20) which actuates a cam-driving part (50) and bears one or several electrical units. A cup (15) is defined between an outer cylindrical flange (12) of the body (10) and an inner cylindrical sleeve (13) and contains a spring either of the helical type (R) for urging a sliding ring (30) separate from the driving part (50), or of the torsion type (R1) to return the maneuvering member. The ring (30) provides a sensitivity function through its adapted shapes. The cylindrical sleeve (13) defines in its central opening a centering seat (23) of the shank (22) of the maneuvering member.|
ROTARY KNOB FOR ELECTRICAL SYSTEM
The present invention relates to a rotary knob for an electrical system, comprising a body on which can be mounted a rotary maneuvering member, in particular a hand grip or a rotor controlled by a key, and of housing a driving part for switching contacts.
In such a rotary knob, the maneuvering member is provided with a shank for moving the driving part, and the body also serves as a support for at least one electrical contact block, switchable in response to the rotation of the maneuvering member via at least one axially moving slider. The maneuvering member is mounted on the body such that it rotates about an axis with a limited angular movement, in order to assume at least two functional positions, maintained or transitory. Rotary knobs of this type are well known (see for example the documents DE 34 12 518 and DE 35 41 390) . The maneuvering member is locked in rotation with a driving part having a cam able to actuate the slider or sliders and the body is able to receive the hand grip in a fluid-tight manner, to serve as a support for the electrical blocks and to house the driving part and the sliders.
These knobs sometimes have the disadvantage that, although the maneuvering member is placed in one of its functional positions, a slight force applied to that member can suffice to make a notch of the cam jump and to drive the knob in an inopportune manner.
The purpose of the invention, in a rotary knob of the type described, is to overcome the disadvantages of the prior art by proposing a knob providing satisfactory guidance of the rotary part using means conferring the knob with minimal dimensions, in particular height, and facilitating assembly.
Another purpose of the invention is to propose means making it possible to improve the fluid-tightness of such knobs.
According to the invention, the body of the knob has a recessed part provided with an external cylindrical flange, an internal cylindrical sleeve, and a cup defined between the flange and the sleeve for housing a helical spring acting on a sensitivity ring separate from the driving part and movable in translation or, respectively, a torsion spring acting on the maneuvering member, and the cylindrical sleeve defines a central opening with which a centering seat of the shank of the maneuvering member cooperates. The arrangement resulting form this provides the sought sensitivity whilst maintaining small dimensions.
In order to achieve an excellent centering at the level of the sleeve, the shank of the maneuvering member and the driving part can each have a cylindrical seat ensuring the centering, in the central opening of the sleeve, of the rotary equipment consisting of the maneuvering member and the driving part.
In order to facilitate the assembly of the knob, the driving part can be mounted by means of interlocking shapes on the shank of the maneuvering member and provide a shoulder connected to its seat for being applied axially against a bearing face of the body.
When the spring is a compression spring, the cup preferably also houses the sensitivity ring, and the ring:
- is separate from the driving part, and is coaxial
with the maneuvering member and movable in translation,
- has a diametral size corresponding to that of the
- cooperates with the maneuvering member by means of cam shapes provided on their respective peripheries and provided with notches corresponding to the functional positions of the knob.
The rotary equipment, formed by the shank of the maneuvering member and the driving part, can carry a lip seal of small diameter which cooperates in rotation with the central opening of the cylindrical sleeve substantially at the level of the cup.
Between the external cylindrical flange of the body and the cup, it is possible to provide an annular space, stepped with respect to the cup, able to house a sealing device.
According to a first variant embodiment, the sealing device comprises a guard ring intended to retain the sensitivity ring and housed in the stepped annular space of the body. The head of the hand grip can be provided with a reentrant annular rim which is housed in the staged annular space of the body. Thus the annular rim of the hand grip and the guard ring define between them a first radial annular interstice between the flange and the annular rim and a second radial annular interstice between the annular rim and the cylindrical skirt, the two interstices in series forming a sealing chicane. The guard ring contributes to forming a barrier against the introduction of dust, polluting elements or projections inside the body of the rotary knob, and the two interstices together avoid, in normal conditions of use, having to make use of a sealing gasket of large diameter.
According to a second variant embodiment, the sealing device can be constituted by a conventional lip seal provided in the stepped annular space.
For purposes of compactness, the compression spring housed in the cup can advantageously have a height of substantially the same order as the height of the cylindrical sleeve.
When the spring is a torsion spring, a chicane sealing device can be provided between the cylindrical flange of the body and can comprise a skirt of the grasping head and an intermediate cylindrical flange of the body separating the cup from the annular space. The torsion spring and the intermediate flange advantageously have a height substantially of the same order as the height of the cylindrical sleeve.
The following detailed description, referring to the appended drawings, illustrates an embodiment given by way of example.
Figure 1 is a diagrammatic representation in perspective of a rotary knob according to the invention, with its contact blocks.
Figure 2 is an exploded view of a rotary knob with maintained positions.
Figure 3 is a diagrammatic plan view of a rotary knob with maintained or transitory positions according to the invention.
Figures 4A to 4C are longitudinal axial cross-sectional views, through A-A, B-B, C-C and D-D respectively of figure 3, of the rotary knob with maintained positions shown in figure 2.
Figure 5 is a perspective view of the sensitivity ring used in the rotary knob with positions shown in figure 2.
Figure 6 is a bottom view of the hand grip of the rotary knob according to the invention.
Figure 7 is an exploded view of so-called return knob.
Figure 8 is a longitudinal axial cross-sectional view of the rotary return knob shown in figure 7, through B'-B' of figure 3.
Figure 9 is a diagrammatic axial cross-sectional view of a variant embodiment of the knob with maintained positions.
Figure 10 is an exploded view of component parts of the knob shown in figure 9.
The rotary knob 1, 1' shown in the figures comprises a body 10 which carries a maneuvering member 2 0 which rotates about an axis X. In the present example, the member 20 is a hand grip, but it can also be a cylinder operated by a key. The body 10 of the knob is designed to be fixed in an opening formed in a panel or a wall P, for example by means of a normal fixing base S. Electric contact blocks C are integral with the body or the base in order to be switched according to the position given to the hand grip 20. The hand grip 20 is mounted such that it rotates in the body with a limited angular movement, in order to assume at least two functional positions, maintained or transitory.
The body 10 of the knob has a recessed top part 10a and a narrower bottom driving part 10b. The bottom part 10b of the body comprises straight shapes for guiding sliders 11 which move in translation, in response to the rotation of the hand grip and under the action of a drive part 50 rotationally coupled to the hand grip. The sliders 11 move in a direction parallel with the axis X in order to become applied on push rods that are
part of the blocks C. The push rods are pushed back against the sliders 11 by individual springs.
The hand grip 20 comprises in its grasping head 21, embedded in the latter, an indicator 60, whose function is to mark the angular position of the hand grip. This indicator 60 is for example interlocked in a slot formed in the grasping head 21.
In the rest of the description, the use of the terms "axial", "axially", "coaxial" or "transverse" are defined with respect to said axis X.
Similarly the terms "high", "low", "upper", "lower", above", "below" or equivalent directional terms must be understood to be with respect to said axis X when the latter is vertical.
The recessed part 10a of the body is provided with an external cylindrical flange 12 and with an internal cylindrical sleeve 13, the latter defining a central opening 14. Moreover, the flange 12 and the sleeve 13 define between them a cup 15 which houses, in a first embodiment of the invention, a helical compression spring R whose axis is X (figures 2 to 6) or, in a second embodiment which will be described later, a torsion spring R' (figures 7 and 8).
In the first embodiment, the body 10 comprises a sliding sensitivity ring 3 0 translationally acted upon by the compression spring R. The compression spring R is applied on the one hand against the bottom of the cup 15 and on the other hand agains t the s ens i tivi ty ring 30 in order to act upon the latter axially.
The hand grip 2 0 has a grasping head 21 having the shape of a wing formed in an axial plane. The hand grip 20 furthermore comprises a central shank 22 which is connected to the head and extends axially in order to
traverse cne central opening 14, the driving part 50 being fixed by interlocking to the shank 22.
The hand grip 20 has a centering seat 23 (figure 6) which is applied against the internal face of the sleeve 13 and which has a groove or an annular shoulder in order to receive a lip seal 24 providing good fluid-tightness with the internal face of the sleeve. A groove 29 (figures 4A to 4D) provided on the periphery of the grasping head 21 of the hand grip is able to house a sealing device 25 such as a conventional lip seal (see figure 9) which is applied against the internal face of the flange 12 of the body.
The lip seal is used if a certain total resistance force is tolerated. If it is desired to reduce this total resistant force, the sealing device 25 can be constituted by a chicane provided towards the flange 12, for example formed by a guard ring 40 (figure 9) housed in an annular space 16 concentric with the cup 15, stepped with respect to the latter. This guard ring can be provided in replacement of said lip seal or in addition to it as shown in figure 9.
The grasp ing head 21 of the hand gr ip has on its internal periphery actuating shapes 26 which cooperate with the ring 30. Finally, the shank 22 of the hand grip has shapes for indexing the driving part 50 (for example square as seen in figure 6) and interlocking shapes 27 upon which respective shapes of the part 50 interlock.
The sensitivity ring 30 has notches 31 or other similar recessed or relief shapes which allow it to slide axially against two slides 12a (figure 4A) of the body 10 formed in the stepped annular space 16; it must be noted that these slides can be also be provided on said guard ring 40. Furthermore, the ring 30 has shapes 32 provided for cooperating with the actuating shapes 2 6
of the hand grip. These shapes 32 (see figure 5) have slopes 32a and notches 32b corresponding to the desired functional positions of the knob.
The driving part 50 (figure 4B) has the shape of a tubular part having at its top a centering seat 55 in the opening 14 defined by the sleeve 13 inside the body 10 and at its bottom cam shapes for actuating the sliders 11. It also has an internal sleeve 51 having a constant square cross-section and in which the shank 22 of the hand grip 20 is inserted. Interlocking shapes 56 are provided on the internal surface of this sleeve 51 for cooperating with corresponding interlocking shapes 27 of the shank 22 of the hand grip. The driving part 50 furthermore comprises an external coaxial cylindrical skirt 53 having a lower rim 52 whose periphery defines the cam shapes. The skirt 53 forms with the centering seat 55 an annular shoulder 54 defining a transverse surface facing the lower rim of the internal sleeve 13 of the body 10.
In the annular space 16 of the body 10 there are two slides 12a provided with an engagement recess 12b for the guard ring 40 (figure 10) when the latter is provided.
The guard ring 40 (figure 10) has a flange 41 fixed, for example force fitted, against the bottom of the cup 15, and a cylindrical skirt 42 provided with two diametrically opposite notches 43 which allow the ring 40 to sit on the sliding protrusions 12a (figure 10 shows for this purpose in its bottom part a portion of the ring 40 inserted in the body 10) . At the level of the notches 43, the skirt 42 has stops 44, for example in the form of claws or tenons, which therefore retain the ring 30 against the spring R (figure 9).
The assembly and the operation of the rotary knob 1 according to the invention will be explained for the
embodiment having a sensitivity ring. The spring R is placed at the bottom of the cup 15 and the ring 3 0 is slipped over the protruding slides 12a. The body/spring/ring 10, 30, R subassembly is then ready to receive the hand grip 2 0, added from the top into the body, and then the driving part 50 which is added from the bottom and engaged on the shank 22 of the hand grip and bearing by its shoulder 54 on the lower rim of the sleeve 13 . The centering seats 23, 55 of the hand grip 20 and of the part 50, situated on the two sides of the lip seal 24, ensure perfect guidance of the rotary equipment 20, 50.
When the operator rotates the hand grip 20, the actuating shapes 26 cooperate with the cam shapes 32 of the ring 30 during the rotation; the pressure then applied on the spring R gives rise to a reaction force felt by the operator. When the hand grip arrives at the desired position, the spring pushes back a notch 32b of the ring towards the corresponding shape 26 such that the position remains maintained, and the axial movement of the ring remains limited by the hand grip 20 (figure 4B). The fluid-tightness of the interior of the knob is guaranteed by the lip seal 24 and possibly, if it is present, by the sealing device 25. The seal 24 is of small diameter and therefore gives rise to minimal resisting force.
In the second embodiment of the invention, the rotary knob 1' is called a return knob and uses a torsion spring R' in replacement of the compression spring R. The latter is fixed on the one hand to the bottom of the cup 15 and on the other hand to the hand grip 20 in order to return the latter in a rotary manner.
In this embodiment, shown in figures 7 and 8, the body has an intermediate internal flange 17 separating the cup 15 from the previously defined annular space 16. The hand grip 20 has a reentrant skirt 28 in the
annular space 16. The presence of the sleeve 13 and of the intermediate flange surrounding the spring R', combined with the presence of the reentrant skirt 28 of the hand grip, produce the sought fluid-tightness. The other features of the rotary return knob 1' are identical to those of the rotary knob 1 with positions.
1. A rotary knob for an electrical system,
- a body (10) on which can be mounted in a fluid-tight
manner a rotary maneuvering member (20) and to house a
driving part (50), the maneuvering member having a
shank (22) for moving the driving part, the body also
serving as a support for at least one electrical block
(C) switchable in response to the rotation of the
maneuvering member via at least one axially moving slider (11),
- the maneuvering member (20) being mounted in a rotary
manner about an axis (X) with a limited angular
movement, in order to assume at least two maintained
functional positions, and being locked in rotation with
the driving part (50) which is provided with cam
surfaces for moving the sliders,
- the body (10) of the knob having a recessed part
(10a) provided with an external cylindrical flange
(12), an internal cylindrical sleeve (13) and a cup
(15) defined between the flange and the sleeve, at the
bottom of which is positioned a spring (R), characterized in that
- a sensitivity ring (30) separate from the driving
part (50) and housed in the cup (15) cooperates with
the maneuvering member (20) by means of cam shapes (36,
26) provided on their respective peripheries,
- the spring (R) is a compression spring applied on the
one hand against the bottom of the cup (15) and on the
other hand against the sensitivity ring (30) in order
to act upon the latter axially in translation,
- the cylindrical sleeve (13) defines a central opening
(14) with which a centering seat (23) of the shank (22)
of the maneuvering member cooperates.
2. The rotary knob as claimed in claim 1,
characterized in that the shank (22) of the maneuvering
member and the driving part (50) each have a cylindrical seat (23, 55) ensuring the centering, in the central opening (14) of the sleeve (13), of the rotary equipment consisting of the maneuvering member and the driving part (50).
3. The rotary knob as claimed in claim 1,
characterized in that the driving part (50) is mounted
by means of interlocking shapes (56, 27) on the shank
(22) of the maneuvering member and has a shoulder (54)
connected to its seat (55) for being applied axially
against a bearing face of the body.
4. The rotary knob as claimed in claim 1,
characterized in that the compression spring housed in
the cup (15) has a height substantially of the same
order as the height of the cylindrical sleeve (13).
5. The rotary knob as claimed in claim 1,
characterized in that the sensitivity ring has a
diametral size corresponding to that of the cup (15)
and in that the cam shapes (32, 26) are provided with
notches corresponding to the maintained functional
positions of the maneuvering member (20) .
Dated this 27 day of September 2006
|Indian Patent Application Number||3567/CHENP/2006|
|PG Journal Number||20/2011|
|Date of Filing||27-Sep-2006|
|Name of Patentee||SCHNEIDER ELECTRIC INDUSTRIES SAS|
|Applicant Address||89 BOULEVARD FRANKLIN ROOSEVELT, F-92500 RUEIL MALMAISON|
|PCT International Classification Number||H01H 19/63|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP05/51144|
|PCT International Filing date||2005-03-14|