Title of Invention


Abstract A medicament useful for the treatment of endometriosis the medicament comprising, a non-oil based suspension having a pH of between 4 and 7.5, wherein the suspension has a viscosity of 53-60 Cp; wherein the medicament comprises progesterone as an active agent, wherein the progesterone is in micronized form and has a particle size greater than 10 µm.
This invention relates to methods for the treatment of endometriosis and related disorders and conditions.
Endometriosis is defined in The Merck Manual, 17th edition, Merck & Co., Inc., Whitehouse Station, New Jersey, USA, chapter 239, as "a nonmalignant disorder in which functioning endometrial tissue is present outside the uterine cavity." It is sometimes referred to as endometriosis externa or adenomyosis externa. Endometriotic tissues contain estrogen and progestogen receptors that enable them to grow and differentiate in response to the changes in hormonal levels during the menstrual cycle. Endometriosis is usually confined to the peritoneal or serosal surfaces of abdominal organs, commonly the ovaries, posterior broad ligament, posterior cul-de-sac, and uterosacral ligaments (sometimes forming uterosacral nodules). Less common sites include the serosal surfaces of the small and large bowel, ureters, bladder, vagina, surgical scars, pleura, and pericardium. Clinical manifestations of endometriosis are pelvic pain, pelvic mass, alteration of menses, and infertility, while lesions on the bowel or bladder may cause pain during defecation or urination, abdominal bloating, and rectal bleeding with menses (most endometriatic implants can bleed during menstruation). Endometriotic implants on the ovary or adnexal structures can form an endometrioma (a cystic mass localized to an ovary) or adnexal adhesions. Eindometriosis is reportedly found in 10-15% of women between the ages of 25 and 44 who are actively menstruating, and in 25-50% of infertile women.
Internal endometriosis includes adenomyosis or adenomyoma. Adenomyosis, also referred to as endometriosis interna, is the invasion of endometrial tissue into the muscular tissue (myometrium) of the uterus. If the lesion is generalized the lesion is called adenomyosis and when it is localized to a smaller area of the uterus it is called adenomyoma. It causes symptoms in only a small number of patients, usually late in the reproductive years. Menorrhagia and intermenstrual bleeding are the most common complains, followed by pain, especially menstrual pain, and bladder and rectal pressure. Oral contraceptive steroids and GnRH agonists or antagonists are not regarded as effective, and oral contraceptives may aggravate the symptoms. Only surgery (myomectomy or hysterectomy) is regarded as curative.
Treatments for endometriosis include medical suppression of ovarian function to arrest the growth and activity of endometrial implants, conservative surgical resection of as much endometriotic tissue as possible, a combination of these two treatments, and total hysterectomy,
usually with removal of the ovaries and Fallopian tubes. Medical therapy involves estrogen suppression, such as by administration of continuous oral contraception with estrogen/progestogen combination products (with the usual side effects including abdominal swelling, breast tenderness, breakthrough bleeding, and deep vein thrombosis), gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) agonists or antagonists such as intranasal nafarelin and subcutaneous or depot leuprolide (with the usual side effects including hot flushes, emotional lability, vaginal dryness, and bone demineralization, but the treatment is usually limited to less than six months because of the risk of bone loss), androgens such as oral danazol (with the usual side effects including masculinization effects such as weight gain, acne, and hirsutism, and other side effects including emotional lability, atrophic vaginitis, liver dysfunction, and adverse effects on lipids), and progestogens such as oral and/or intramuscular medroxyprogesterone (with the usual side effects including breakthrough bleeding, weight gain, emotional lability, depression, and atrophic vaginitis).
For example. Lamb, U.S. Patent No. 4,038,389, discloses an aqueous parenteral formulation of medroxyprogesterone (INN - referred to as medroxyprogesterone acetate) containing a suspension of 200 - 600 g.L"' of micronized medroxyprogesterone in a mixture of water, sodium sulfate, a quaternary ammonium wetting agent, and glycerol, propylene glycol, polyethylene glycol, or polypropylene glycol, optionally containing a hydrophilic colloid.
Labrie, U.S. Patent No. 5,362,720, discloses a method for the treatment of breast and endometrial cancer, osteoporosis, and endometriosis by administration of a low dose of a progestogen or other steroid derivative having androgenic activity and low masculinizing activity, for example, medroxyprogesterone. Various routes of administration are suggested, with subcutaneous depot preferred, intending to achieve a serum concentration of Bologna et al., U.S. Patent No. 5,543,150, discloses a method of progesterone therapy for the prevention of endometrial cancer using relatively low serum progesterone concentrations such as 1 - 6 μg.L-1, achieved by vaginal delivery using crosslinked polycarbophil as a vehicle.
International PCX application No. WO 00/15766, US Patent No. 6,287,602, and US Patent Application Publication No. 2002/0012703, each describe pharmaceutical formulations for treating a cellular proliferative disease (for example, a cancer, including endometrial cancer) comprising a Golgi apparatus disturbing agent, a biocompatible carrier, and a solvent. A Golgi apparatus disturbing agent is brefeldin A and a biocompatible carrier is chitin or chitosan. The formulation can include another active agent, including medroxyprogesterone, and the preferred
route of administration is said to be intratumoral or intralesional (defined as an area sufficiently close to a tumor that the active agent exhibits the desired pharmacological activity with respect to the tumor itself).
International PCT publication No. WO 02/28387 and U.S. Patent Application Publication No. 2002/0061303, each disclose a formulation containing a Golgi apparatus disturbing agent (such as the agents described in WO 00/15766) present in an angiogenesis-inhibiting but non-cytotoxic amount, a solvent, and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. These are for treating a patient in need of anti-angiogenic therapy.
International PCT publication No. WO 00/21511, discloses the use of subcutaneous progestogens for the treatment of endometriosis. Suitable progestogens are said to include medroxyprogesterone, progesterone, norethisterone, desogestrel, and levonorgestrel.
Ragavan el at., U.S. Patent No. 6,416,778, describes formulations for regional delivery of drugs, including steroids such as progestins, estrogens, antiestrogens, and antiprogestins, especially micronized danazol in a micro- or nanoparticulate formulation. These formulations can be used for the treatment of endometriosis, endometrial bacterial infections, cancer, and endocrine conditions.
None of these treatments are as effective as desired. Accordingly, there is a need to develop effective medical treatments for endometriosis, including endometriosis externa, endometrioma, adenomyosis, adenomyomas, endometriotic or adenomyotic nodules of the uterosacral ligaments and endometriotic nodules elsewhere such as scar endometriosis. Therefore, among the objects herein, it is an object to provide more effects methods for treatment of endometriosis and compositions therefor.
Provided are methods for treatment of endometriosis, including endometriosis externa, endometrioma, adenomyosis, adenomyomas, endometriotic or adenomyotic nodules of the uterosacral ligaments and endometriotic nodules elsewhere such as scar endometriosis. In accord with the methods, an effective amount of a progestogen is administered intralesionally.
Thus, endometriosis, including endometriosis externa, endometrioma, adenomyosis, adenomyomas, adenomyotic nodules of the uterosacral ligaments, and endometriotic nodules, such as scar endometriosis are effectively treated by the intralesional administration, including, but are not limited to, transvaginal, endoscopic or open surgical administration including via laparotomy, of a progestogen. Compositions therefor also are provided.
Also provided is a medicament for the treatment of endometriosis, including endometriosis externa, endometrioma, adenomyosis, adenomyomas, adenomyotic nodules of the uterosacral ligaments, and endometriotic nodules elsewhere such as scar endometriosis, by intralesional administration. The medicament is formulated for intralesional delivery and contains a progestogen as an active ingredient. Generally the medicament is a suspension, particularly a non-oil-based suspension, of the active ingredient. Other formulations also are contemplated. The medicament is formulated to increase retention thereof at the site of injection and to minimize any inflammatory response thereto. The formulations also can be used for treatment of fibroids by intralesional administration.
Also provided is a use of a progestogen in the preparation of the medicament for the treatment of endometriosis, including endometriosis externa, endometrioma, adenomyosis, adenomyomas, adenomyotic nodules of the uterosacral ligaments, and endometriotic nodules elsewhere such as scar endometriosis, by intralesional administration.
A method for the treatment of endometriosis, comprising the intralesional administration of a progestogen.
A method for the treatment of endometriosis, comprising the intralesional administration of a progestogen.
Unless defined otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as is commonly understood by one of skill in the art to which the inventions belong. All patents, patent applications, published applications and publications, material on websites and other published materials referred to throughout the entire disclosure herein, unless noted otherwise, are incorporated by reference in their entirety. In the event that there are a plurality of definitions for terms herein, those in this section prevail. Where reference is made to a URL or other such identifier or address, it is understood that such identifiers can change and particular information on the internet can come and go, but equivalent information is known and can be readily accessed, such as by searching the internet and/or appropriate databases. Reference thereto evidences the availability and public dissemination of such information.
Unless the context clearly dictates otherwise, in this application and its claims, the singular includes the plural. Thus, a reference to a progestogen includes a reference to two or
more progestogens, a reference to an excipient includes a reference to two or more excipients, and so forth.
As used herein, "endometriosis" refers to any nonmalignant disorder in which functioning endometrial tissue is present in a location in the body other than the endometrium of the uterus, i.e. outside the uterine cavity or is present within the myometrium of the uterus. For purposes herein it also includes conditions, such as adenomyosis/adenomyoma, that exhibit myometrial tissue in the lesions. Thus the term "endometriosis" includes "endometriosis" as defined in The Merck Manual, where the endometrial tissue is present outside the uterine cavity, including uterosacral nodules, endometriomas, adnexal adhesions, and adenomyosis, where the endometrial tissue is present within the myometrium of the uterus.
Endometriosis, as used herein, thus includes the conditions commonly referred to as endometriosis externa (or endometriosis as defined in The Merck Manual) endometrioma, adenomyosis, adenomyoma, endometriotic or adenomyotic nodules of the uterosacral ligaments, endometriotic nodules elsewhere such as scar endometriosis, and any nonmalignant disorder in which functioning endometrial tissue is present at a locus other than the endometrium.
As used herein, "endometriotic tissue" is endometrial tissue seen in endometriosis, that is, the endometrial tissue present in a location other than the endometrium of the uterus. Myometrial tissue refers to tissue in the muscle layer of the uterus. This tissue also occurs in lesion treated herein.
As used herein, "treatment" includes one or more of: reducing the frequency and/or severity of symptoms, elimination of symptoms and/or their underlying cause, and improvement or remediation of damage. Thus, treatment of endometriosis includes, for example, relieving the pain experienced by a woman suffering from endometriosis, and/or causing the regression or disappearance of endometriotic lesions.
An "effective amount" of the progestogen means a sufficient amount to effect "treatment" as defined. Treatment can be associated with undesirable effects ("side effects") along with the desired therapeutic effect, so that a medical practitioner prescribing or performing treatment will balance the potential benefits against the potential risks in determining what constitutes an appropriate "effective amount". Also, because the quantity of endometriotic tissue will vary from woman to woman, the "effective amount" of progestogen to be administered can vary. Thus it is not possible to specify an exact "effective amount"; In view of the disclosure herein, however, the skilled medical practitioner, can determine an appropriate "effective amount" in any individual case can be determined.
As used herein, "intralesional administration" means administration into or within a pathological area. Administration is effected by injection into a lesion and/or by instillation into a pre-existing cavity, such as in endometrioma. With reference to treatments for endometriosis provided herein, intralesional administration refers to treatment within endometriotic tissue or a cyst formed by such tissue, such as by injection into a cyst. "Intralesional administration" also includes administration into tissue in such close proximity to the endometriotic tissue such that the progestogen acts directly on the endometriotic tissue, but does not include administration to tissue remote from the endometriotic tissue that the progestogen acts on the endometriotic tissue through systemic circulation. Intralesional administration or delivery includes transvaginal, endoscopic or open surgical administration including, but are not limited to, via laparotomy.
As used herein, transvaginal refers to all procedures, including drug delivery, performed through the vagina, including intravaginal delivery and transvaginal sonography (ultrasonography through the vagina).
As used herein, a subject includes any mammals, typically female mammals, including humans, for whom treatment is contemplated. Subjects also are referred to as patients.
As used herein, formulated for single dosage administration means that a composition can be directly administered without further modification such as dilution.
As used herein, a combination refers to any association between two or among more items.
As used herein, a composition refers to any mixture. It can be a solution, a suspension, liquid, powder, a paste, aqueous, non-aqueous or any combination thereof.
As used herein, fluid refers to any composition that can flow. Fluids thus encompass compositions that are in the form of semi-solids, pastes, solutions, aqueous mixtures, gels, lotions, creams and other such compositions.
As used herein, a kit is a packaged combination optionally including instructions for use of the combination and/or other reactions and components for such use.
A medicament suitable for use in the methods contains a progestogen as an active ingredient. Typically, it contains a progestogen as the sole active ingredient. The progestogen content of the medicament is such as to provide an effective amount of the progestogen in a quantity of the medicament that is suitable for intralesional administration; for example, a concentration of the progestogen of 1-50% weight/volume, for example 5-25, e.g. about 5-20%,
such as 10%, weight/volume. The progestogen will be reduced to a particle size suitable for intralesional administration by injection. If the progestogen is to be administered in a medicament in which it is a solution or suspension, the progestogen will desirably be micronized, for example reduced to a fineness such that 99 wt. % has a particle size less than 10 //m and 75 wt. % has a particle size less than 5 μm. Micronized particles can be of any suitable size, including greater than 10 μm and can be up to a particle size of 100 μm.
The progestogen, for example, can be one or more of progesterone, desogestrel, etonogestrel, gestodene, levonorgestrel, medroxyprogesterone, norethisterone, norgestimate and norgestrel. The amount of progestogen administered per lesion typically is equivalent in activity to 0.2-5 g of progesterone, such as 1-2 g, of progesterone.
Suitable excipients are well known and include, but are not limited to, aqueous (or water-in iscible) and nonaqueous solvents. A typical nonaqueous solution medicament is prepared by mixing the solvents, dissolving the remaining excipients and the progestogen in the solvent mixture, sterilizing and filtering the resulting solution, and filing into sterile containers.
Existing injectable preparations of progetogens, such as progesterone, are oil based and cannot be injected into reproductive tract tissue. The formulations provided herein are not oil based so that they avoid the inflammatory process associated with oil preparations. Also, included are formulations that contain suspensions of microparticles that increase the local tissue drug concentrations.
Solvents for the medicaments include, but are not limited to, water, C2-6 alkanols, diols and polyols such as, for example, propylene glycol, glycerol, polyethylene glycol, and polypropylene glycol. Excipients include, but are not limited to, solubility enhancers, which can include the alkanols, diols, and polyols mentioned above; buffers such as acetate, citrate, and phosphate acid/salt combinations; wetting agents (surfactants) such as quaternary ammonium salts, polyoxyethylene ethers such as the octoxynols, polysorbates, polyoxyethylated sorbitan esters, and other anionic, nonionic, and cationic surfactants; chelating agents such as edetate disodium and other edetate salts; antioxidants such as ascorbic acid and its salts and esters, BHA, BHT, sulfite and bisulfite salts, tocopherol and its esters; antimicrobial agents such as, but not limited to, chlorobutanol, the parabens and their salts and esters, thimerosal, benzethonium chloride, benzalkonium chloride; tonicitlers, such as electrolytes, e.g. sodium chloride, and mono- and di-saccharides, such as, for example dextrose.
Medicaments, including aqueous medicaments, also can contain viscosity increasing and suspending agents such as hydrophilic colloids, e.g. dextran, gelatin, hydroxyethylcellulose,
methylcellulose, polyvinyl alcohol and povidone, and ionic hydrophilic colloids such as sodium carboxymethylcellulose. Nonaqueous medicaments can completely dissolve the progestogen; but if they do not, they also can contain viscosity increasing and suspending agents. Further guidance to suitable excipients and their formulation are known to those of skill in the art (see, e.g., standard pharmaceutical references such as "Remington: The Science and Practice of Pharmacy", 20th edition, A. Gennaro, ed., Lippincott, Williams & Wilkins, Philadelphia, USA).
A typical suspension medicament, such as, for example, an aqueous suspension, is prepared by mixing the solvents, dissolving the remaining excipients in the solvent mixture, sterilizing the resulting solution (such as by sterile filtration), adding the already-sterilized progestogen, milling and/or mixing the resulting suspension to uniformity, sterilizing the suspension (such as by heat or filtration), filtering if necessary, and filling into sterile containers, typically of a volume between I and 10 mL. The medicament can be formulated for direct (single dosage) administration or can be formulated for dilution in carrier prior to administration.
Although any progestogen containing medicament suitable for intralesional administration can be employed in the methods herein, particular medicaments also are provided herein. These medicaments are formulated as suspensions, typically micronized suspensions, with a progestogen at a concentration to deliver about 0.2-5 g of progesterone, such as 1-2 g, of progesterone per dosage to a lesion at a concentration of 1-50% weight/volume. An exemplary suspension medicament provided herein is described in Example 1 below.
The medicaments can be packaged as articles of manufacture containing packaging material, a medicament of the present invention formulated for single dosage administration for intralesional administration for treatment of endometriosis, and a label that indicates that the medicament is for treatment of endometriosis by intralesional administration.
Combinations of the medicament and one or more needles are provided. Also provided are kits for practice of the methods herein. The kits contain one or more containers, such as sealed vials, with sufficient medicament composition for single dosage administration, and one or more needles, such as 20 gauge needles, suitable for intralesional injection for treatment of endometriosis. The formulation can be provided, for example, in a container, such as an ampoule or vial. The kit can contain a separate syringe and needle or a preloaded. The kit also can contain sterile water for dilution of the formulation as needed depending on the size of the lesion as well as other parameters.
Methods of Treatment
The method of treatment of endometriosis provided herein employs intralesional administration of the progestogen formulated as a medicament, particularly a non-oil based formulation. Administration is by injection into the endometriotic tissue or into a cyst formed by such tissue; or into tissue immediately surrounding the endometriotic tissue in such proximity that the progestogen acts directly on the endometriotic tissue.
Typically, the tissue is visualized, for example laparoscopically or by ultrasound, and the progestogen is administered by intralesional (intracystic) injection by, for example direct visualization under ultrasound guidance or by any other suitable methods. A suitable amount of the progestrogen expressed in terms of progestrone of about 1-2 gm per lesion/cyst can be applied. Precise quantity generally is determined on case to case basis, depending upon parameters, such as the size of the endometriotic tissue mass, the mode of the administration, and the number and time intervals between treatments. For other progestrogens the amount should be equivalent to that of a quantity of progestrone, which, if necessary can be assayed in vitro and/or in vivo. Progestrone can be assayed as per different pharmacopea like USP/NF/BP/IP etc as applicable to different countries.
As noted the methods herein employ intralesional delivery of the medicaments into the lesion. Intralesional delivery includes, for example, transvaginal, endoscopic or open surgical administration including via laparotomy. Delivery can be effected, for example, through a needle or needle like device by injection or a similar injectable or syringe-like device that can be delivered into the lesion, such as transvaginally, endoscopically or by open surgical administration including via laparotomy.
In practicing the methods delivery can be combined with aspiration of the contents of the lesion. For example, delivery includes intravaginal and transvaginal delivery. For intravaginal/transvaginal delivery an ultrasound probe can be used to guide delivery of the needle from the vagina into lesions such as endometriomas and utero sacral nodules. Under ultrasound guidance the needle tip is placed in the lesion, the contents of the lesion aspirated if necessary and the formulation is injected into the lesion.
Delivery system
In an exemplary delivery system a 17 to 20 gauge needle can be used for injection of the drug. Such system can be used for intralesional delivery including, but not limited to,
transvaginal, endoscopic or open surgical administration including via laparotomy. For treatment of endometrioma 17 or 18 gauge needles are used under ultrasound guidance for aspiration of the thick contents of the lesion and delivery of the formulation. The length of the needle used depends on the depth of the lesion. Pre-loaded syringes and other administration systems, which obviate the need for reloading the drug can be used.
The following examples are included for illustrative purposes only and are not intended to limit the scope of the invention.
Manufacture of a suspension medicament comprising progesterone
Under aseptic conditions and at about 22 °C, polyethylene glycol 400 (100 ml) was dissolved in water with stirring. To the resulting solution was added, in order and with stirring, 10 gm sodium carboxymethylcellulose, O.I gm methyl paraben, 0.1 gm propyl paraben, and 1 ml polysorbate 80 (Tween 80). Micronized progesterone (40 g; sterile) was added and the mixture stirred until a uniform suspension had been achieved. The suspension was sterilized by autoclaving, then filtered to ensure uniform suspension, and aliquots filled into vials, which were sealed under aseptic conditions. The final formulation was a white suspension containing 100 mg/mL progesterone, having a pH between 4 and 7.5 and viscosity of 53-60 cP, readily capable of injection through a standard 17 gauge to 20 gauge needle. The suspension was uniform and stable on storage without any precipitation.
Young woman with proven grade 4 endometriosis and previous history of two pelvic surgeries presenting with recurrent bilateral ovarian endometrioma, infertility and severe pelvic pain
A 28 year old woman was complaining of severe pelvic pain, dysmenorrhea, and infertility of three years duration was seen. She had had a laparoscopic procedure a year previously for management of similar complaints. Grade 4 endometriosis, bilateral ovarian endometrioma of 5 to 6 cm, obliterated POD, peritubal and paraovarian adhesions were noted and treated at that time. Because of persistence of lesions she was started on oral danazol 800 ing per day for four months. This was followed by pelvic reconstructive surgery six months after the laparoscopy. Laparotomy, bilateral ovarian cyst resection and adhesiolysis were carried out.

She had several cycles of ovulation induction and fertility management following the surgery, without any success.
Her symptoms reoccurred. Physical examination followed by ultrasound assessment confirmed the presence of recurrent endometriotic cysts, 4 cm in the right and 5 cm in the left ovary.
Under ultrasound guidance, the cysts were aspirated with an 18 gauge needle. 25 cc of chocolate colored fluid was aspirated. A saline wash was given and 2 g of progesterone in the suspension of Example 1 was instilled into each cyst. She was regularly monitored by pain scores (visual analog), direct questionnaire, and ultrasound examination. At the end of 12 weeks both ovaries were normal on ultrasound examination and she was pain free. She underwent 2 cycles of superovulation and IUI. She conceived in the second treatment cycle and the pregnancy proceeded.
41 year old with symptomatic grade 4 endometriosis and uterosacral adenomyotic nodule
A 41 year old nulliparous woman had been diagnosed with endometriosis several years earlier. She had a laparotomy in 1990 when grade 4 endometriosis was diagnosed. Pelvic reconstructive surgery was done at that time. Subsequently she had undergone repeated attempts at medical treatment with oral contraceptives, danazol, and depot GNRH analogs. She also had an unsuccessful IVF attempt. The patient presented with a request for hysterectomy as the quality of her life was disturbed due to severe pelvic and rectal pain.
Physical examination and ultrasound assessment revealed that she had a right sided ovarian endometrioma, fixed uterus, tender left ovary and uterosacral adenomyotic nodules. Ultrasound guided transvaginal aspiration of the endometrioma was done. Two grams of progesterone in the suspension of Example 1 was instilled into the endometrioma and the adenomyotic nodule was injected. She reported improvement in pelvic pain within 10 days. On subsequent follow up visits during the following 15 months, there was no recurrence of symptoms. Her quality of life with regard to dysmenorrhea, dyspareunia and pelvic pain improved significantly and she has not required any invasive surgery.
EXAMPLE 4 A 37 year old with ovarian, urinary bladder and scar endometriosis
A 37 year old multiparous woman underwent lower segment Caesarian section in 1987 for obstetric reasons. She presented with a mass lesion in the scar in 1995. The lesion was excised and proved to be scar endometriosis. Subsequently in 2000 she developed chronic pelvic pain and urinary symptoms. Physical examination, ultra sonography and cystoscopy revealed right ovarian endometrioma and endometriotic nodules in the bladder wall close to the scar.
Aspiration of the endometrioma and intracystic instillation of 1 g of progesterone was performed. Cystoscopy was carried out and 1 g of progesterone was instilled in each of the nodules in the bladder.
On follow up for over 12 months she has remained symptom free. Quality of life with regard to pelvic pain and urinary symptoms has been good. Major pelvic surgery, i.e. total abdominal hysterectomy, bilateral salpingo-oopherectomy, bladder wall excision and reconstruction, has been averted.
43 year old perimenopausal woman with endometrioma, adenomyosis uteri and pelvic pain
In September 2001, a 43 year old multiparous woman presented had complaints of severe pelvic pain, left lower abdominal pain and severe dysmenorrhea. The pain was not relieved by regular analgesics and anti spasmodics. Examination and ultrasonography revealed an adenomyotic uterus and left ovarian endometrioma. The patient had been counseled to have a total abdominal hysterectomy, but she requested conservative management and wished to avoid the possibility of surgery and losing her ovaries.
Transvaginal aspiration of the endometrioma was done, and 2 g of progesterone in the suspension of Example 1 was instilled into the cavity. This was followed by intravaginal micronized progesterone for 8 weeks. The patient retained her ovaries and has remained symptom free for nearly 2 years.
Since modifications will be apparent to those of skill in this art, it is intended that this invention be limited only by the scope of the appended claims.

We claim:
1. A medicament useful for the treatment of endometriosis the medicament comprising:
a non-oil based suspension having a pH of between 4 and 7.5; wherein the suspension
has a viscosity of 53-60 Cp; wherein the medicament comprises progesterone as an active agent; wherein the progesterone is in micronized form and has a particle size greater than 10 µm.
2. The medicament as claimed in claim 1, wherein said progestogen is micronized to a
fineness of less than or equal to 100 µm.
3. A medicament as claimed in any of the above claims substantially as described in the specification and illustrated in the accompanying drawings.












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Patent Number 245019
Indian Patent Application Number 1038/DELNP/2006
PG Journal Number 53/2010
Publication Date 31-Dec-2010
Grant Date 29-Dec-2010
Date of Filing 27-Feb-2006
Name of Patentee MISCON TRADING S.A.
Applicant Address P.O.BOX 8674, SHARJAH(AE).
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
PCT International Classification Number A61K
PCT International Application Number PCT/IB2004/003103
PCT International Filing date 2004-08-27
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 60/500,217 2003-09-03 U.S.A.