Title of Invention


Abstract A soap comprising two or more phases, wherein said two or more phases are visible when viewed from above and from the side, wherein said two or more phases are diagonally cut, wherein the individual phase is cut at an angle of 14° to 70°, and wherein the points of intersection of said phases are joined under pressure so that cambering arises at said points of intersection.
Full Text The invention relates to multiphase soaps in which the individual phases are clearly visible when viewed from above and from the side, to their preparation and to their use for applying various scent sensations during the washing operation
The preparation and use of picture and changing motif soaps is described in DE-A 3145813 The preparation takes place by stamping various horizontal soap layers that have been prepared by means of an extruder This method cannot be operated economically and therefore the use of these soaps in the mass consumer market is not possible A particular disadvantage of this type of horizontally cut soap is the fact that the various horizontal soap layers cannot be distinguished or can be distinguished only with great difficulty by the consumer when viewed from a customary viewing angle of about 45° and more This effect intensifies as the period of use increases since the two phases become thinner as a result of washing away
This disadvantage also applies to the diverse horizontally cut soaps described in EP-A 0 366 209 and US 5,198,140. The preparation of an interlocked soap having increased strength is described in US 5,198,140 The preparation of horizontal multiphase soaps by a casting process is described in EP-A 0 366 209. Casting processes are suitable only for the preparation of small numbers of bars, but not for the production of soaps for the mass consumer market
The preparation of spiral-shaped multiphase soaps which are prepared by the use of a special compression head after radial rotation of the soap strand is described in EP-A 0 594 077 Especially when different soap bases are used, the stability of the type of soap is limited in its application by the many phase boundaries
A method for the preparation of a multiphase soap with one or more sheaths which surround a core is described in DE-A 1 924 980 The consumer is not able visually to distinguish this type of soap from a normal single-phase soap before use and also in the interim during use, as a result of which there is no advantage from the standpoint of application technology
This also applies analogously to soaps prepared in accordance with JP-A 62/48799 Here, a multi-layer round strand is produced.
Soaps in which a vertical cut in the transverse direction or in the longitudinal direction of the soap which (sic) separates the two soap phases are also known (e g., JP 1-247499) In this type of soap, both phases are visible at the same time However, when in use by the consumer and as storage progresses, the vertical type of soap exhibits the decisive disadvantage of lower stability of the entire bar of soap. Because of the small and straight contact areas, a vertically cut soap can break even as a result of the soap simply falling to the ground. Especially when different soap formulation (sic) are used for the individual parts of the soap, shrinkage and drying out can lead to breaking of the soap Also, when different soap formulations are used, the strength of the diagonally cut soap, in contrast to that of vertically joined soap, is ensured throughout the entire period of use when the soap is used by the consumer. As a result, in the future less expensive soap formulations can also be combined with more expensive soap formulations, or different soap
formulations which are incompatible with one another because of shrinkage can be combined for the preparation
The preparation of a multidimensionally curved two-phase soap is described in EP-A 0 545 716 By using the casting process, a two-phase soap is produced, which is not suitable for the mass consumer market due to the costly preparation. Since this soap is a cast soap where no pressure is subsequently exerted in the form of stamping, the keeping qualities of this type of soap are limited in daily use
Marbled soaps are also known (DE-A 2 455 982, DE 2 431 048, US 1 587 430 and DT 1 953 916) Here, differently coloured soap phases are mixed intensively with one another using special pressing cylinders or screw presses, such that a marbled effect is produced. Furthermore, the colour can also be injected into the soap stream during the preparation of the soap These soaps are soaps that consist of one phase
A further multicoloured single-phase soap is described in US 4,435,310 Here, by injecting colour during the preparation of the soap strands and by manually turning the extruder head, a multicoloured sinusoidal soap in one piece is obtained
Multiphase soaps in which the various phases can have different ingredients and which, during use, have a stability comparable with that of a single-phase soap were the aim of the present invention In particular, it was to be possible for the different phases to comprise different perfume oils so that, during use, different successive scent sensations are possible.
Multiphase soaps consisting of two or more phases have been found which are characterised in that these phases are clearly visible when viewed from above and from the side
The multiphase soaps according to the present invention exhibit overproportional strength, which virtually corresponds to the stability of a single-phase soap
Multiphase soaps in which each phase is at least 15% visible in the vertical, longitudinal and transverse projection, based on the total projected surface, are particularly preferred
Multiphase soaps in which each phase is at least 20% visible in the vertical, longitudinal and transverse projection, based on the total projected surface, are especially preferred
In a particular embodiment of the multiphase soaps according to the present invention, adjacent phase surfaces are cut diagonally and cambered towards one another. The cambering is achieved during the preparation by applying pressure. Multiphase soaps with cambered interfaces have particular stability
The multiphase soaps according to the present invention preferably consist of two phases which differ in composition
In general, the multiphase soaps according to the invention can be used for all washing purposes, in particular for washing purposes where an output of more than one ingredient is desired Here the output can take place simultaneously or successively in a targeted manner
In particular, it is advantageous that each phase of the multiphase soap can be tailored to the particular preferred application The particular soap phase can be configured by means of the composition of the soap base and optionally further additives or fillers as a medium that is best for the application concerned Thus, for example, the conditions for ingredients
can be optimised by means of pH, ionic strength, water content, fat content, fat composition and similar parameters
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can be used, for example, for washing or cleaning skin, hair, textile, plastic, metal, wood, ceramic, glass, composites and the like
The soap bases for the multiphase soaps according to the invention are known perse (Soaps and Detergents, Luis Spitz, 0-935315-72-1 and Production of Soap, D. Osteroth, 3-921956-55-2) For example, soap bases such as alkali metal soaps consisting of animal and/or vegetable substances, syndets consisting of synthetic surfactants or combinations of the two can be used for the multiphase soaps according to the invention
The use of natural vegetable soap raw materials, such as, for example, glycerol, castor oil, coconut oil, olive oil, palm oil, palm kernel oil, peanut oil, almond oil, oil of ncinus, cocoa butter, poppy oil, maize oil, hemp oil, soya bean oil, rapeseed oil, cottonseed oil and sunflower oil is preferred
The use of natural animal soap raw materials such as, for example, pork fat, beef tallow, sheep tallow or fish oil is preferred.
The said oils and fats consist of triglycerides of straight-chain saturated, mono- and polyunsaturated acid having six to thirty carbon atoms The sodium and the potassium soaps are preferably prepared from these soap raw materials by saponification.
The use of synthetic soap raw materials such as, for example, alkyl sulphoacetates, sulphosuccinates, monoglycende sulphates, acyl isethionates, glyceryl ether sulphonates, alkylsulphonates, ether sulphonates, acylsulphonates or alkylacyl sulphonates is preferred.
It is also possible to use agents for adjusting a pH value or the ionic strength. Examples which may be mentioned are sodium carbonate, sodium hydroxide, phosphoric acid and salts thereof, sodium acetate, acetic acid, citric acid and salts thereof, sodium bicarbonate, triethanolamine, EDTA, disodium EDTA and tetrasodium EDTA
It is, of course, known to those skilled in the art that cosmetic preparations are in most cases inconceivable without the customary auxiliaries and additives These include, for example, agents imparting body, fillers, perfume, dyes, emulsifiers, additional active compounds, such as vitamins or proteins, screening agents, stabilisers, insect repellents, alcohol, water, salts, and substances having an antimicrobial, proteolytic or keratolytic action
The multiphase soaps can contain, for example, perfume oils, cosmetic ingredients, active compounds, dyes and further additives as further ingredients The multiphase soaps can contain one or more of the ingredients
Ingredients which can be present in the multiphase soaps according to the invention can give rise to additional effects. Examples which may be mentioned are preservatives, abrasives, anti-acne agents, agents against skin aging, antibacterial agents, anticellulitis agents, antidandruff agents, anti-inflammatory agents, anti-irritants, irritation suppressants, antimicrobial agents, antioxidants, astringents, perspiration suppressants, antiseptics, antistatics, binders, buffers, carrier materials, chelating agents, cell stimulants, cleaning agents, treatment preparations, depihatones, surfactants, deodorisers, antiperspirants, softeners, emulsifiers, enzymes, essential oils, fibres, film-forming agents, fixatives, foaming agents, foam stabilisers, antifoams, foam boosters, fungicides, gelling agents, gel-
forming agents, haircare agents, hair-shaping agents, hair-smoothing agents, moisture donors, humectants, moistunsers, bleaching agents, strengthening agents, stain removers, optical brighteners, impregnating agents, soil repellents, friction-reducing agents, lubricants, moisturising creams, ointments, opacifiers, plasticisers, covering agents, polish, brighteners, polymers, powders, proteins, fat restorers, abrasive agents, silicones, skin-calming agents, skin-cleansing agents, skin care agents, skin-healing agents, skin-lightening agents, skin-protecting agents, skin-softening agents, cooling agents, skin-cooling agents, warming agents, skin-warming agents, stabilisers, UV-absorbents, UV filters, detergents, soft rinses, suspending agents, skin-tanning agents, thickeners, vitamins, oils, waxes, fats, phospholipids, saturated fatty acids, mono- or polyunsaturated fatty acids, α-hydroxy acids, polyhydroxy fatty acids, liquefiers, dyes, colour-protection agents, pigments, anti-corrosives, aromas, flavourings, fragrances or other customary constituents of a cosmetic or dermatological formulation, such as alcohols, polyols, electrolytes, organic solvents or silicone derivatives.
The addition of various perfume oils, which can be released in succession and during the washing operation and impart different, successive scent sensations to the user or, as a result of the simultaneous release of the individual perfume oils, form a new more intense scent is particularly preferred
Examples of fragrances in the perfume oils for the multiphase soaps according to the invention are given, for example, in S. Arctander, Perfume and Flavor Materials, Vol I and II, Montclair, N. J , 1969, published privately or K Bauer, D. Garbe and H. Surburg, Common Fragrance and Flavor Materials, 3rd Ed., Wileγ-VCH, Weinheim 1997
Individual examples which may be mentioned are
extracts from natural raw materials such as essential oils, concretes, absolutes, resins, resinoids, balsams, tinctures, such as, for example, ambergris tincture, amyris oil, angelica seed oil, angelica root oil, aniseed oil; valerian oil; basil oil, wood moss absolute; bay oil; mugwort oil, benzoin resin, bergamot oil; beeswax absolute, birch tar oil, bitter almond oil, savory oil; bucho leaf oil; cabreuva oil, cade oil, calamus oil; camphor oil, cananga oil; cardamom oil, cascanlla oil, cassia oil; cassia absolute, castoreum absolute; cedar leaf oil; cedarwood oil, cistus oil; citronella oil, lemon oil; copaiva balsam; copaiva balsam oil; coriander oil; costus root oil; cumin oil, cypress oil, davana oil, dill herb oil; dill seed oil, eau de brouts absolute; oakmoss absolute; elemi oil; tarragon oil, eucalyptus citriodora oil, eucalyptus oil; fennel oil, spruce needle oil, galbanum oil; galbanum resin; geranium oil, grapefruit oil, guaiac wood oil; gurjun balsam, gurjun balsam oil, hehchrysum absolute; helichrysum oil, ginger oil, iris root absolute; iris root oil; jasmine absolute, calamus oil, camomile oil blue; Roman camomile oil; carrot seed oil; cascarilla oil; pine needle oil; spearmint oil; caraway oil, labdanum oil, labdanum absolute; ladanum resin; lavandin absolute, lavandm oil, lavender absolute, lavender oil, lemongrass oil, lovage oil, distilled lime oil, pressed lime oil, linaloe oil; . litsea cubeba oil, bayleaf oil; mace oil; marjoram oil, mandarin oil; massoi bark oil; mimosa absolute; musk seed oil; musk tincture; clary oil; nutmeg oil, myrrh absolute; myrrh oil, myrtle oil, clove leaf oil; clove blossom oil; neroli oil; olibanum absolute, olibanum oil, opopanax oil, orange blossom absolute, orange oil, origanum oil, palmarosa oil, patchouli oil, perilla oil; Peruvian balsam oil, parsley leaf oil, parsley seed oil; petitgrain oil, peppermint oil; pepper oil; pimenta oil, pine oil; pennyroyal oil; rose absolute, rosewood oil; rose oil; rosemary oil; Dalmation sage oil, Spanish sage oil, sandalwood oil; celery seed oil, spike lavender oil, Japanese anise oil, styrax oil; tagetes oil, fir needle oil, tea tree oil; turpentine oil, thyme oil, Tolu balsam, tonka absolute, tuberose absolute, vanilla extract, violet leaf absolute; verbena oil, vetiver oil, juniper oil, wine lees oil,
absinthe oil, wintergreen oil; ylang oil; hyssop oil, civet absolute, cinnamon leaf oil, cinnamon bark oil, and fractions thereof or constituentss isolated therefrom,
individual fragrances from the group comprising the hydrocarbons, such as, for example, 3-carene; α-pinene, p-pinene; α-terpmene, γ-terpinene, p-cymene, bisabolene, camphene, caryophyllene, cedrene, farnesene, limonene, longifolene, myrcene; ocimene, valencene, (E,Z)-1,3,5-undecatriene,
the aliphatic alcohols, such as, for example, hexanol; octanol, 3-octanol, 2,6-dimethylheptanol, 2-methylheptanol, 2-methyloctanol; (E)-2-hexenol, (E)- and (Z)-3-hexenol; 1-octen-3-ol; mixture of 3,4,5,6,6-pentamethyl-3/4-hepten-2-ol and 3,5,6,6-tetramethyl-4-methyleneheptan-2-ol, (E,Z)-2,6-nonadienol; 3,7-dimethyl-7-methoxyoctan-2-ol, 9-decenol, 10-undecenol, 4-methyl-3-decen-5-ol, the aliphatic aldehydes and the 1,4-dioxacycloalken-2-ones thereof, such as, for example, hexanal, heptanal, octanal; nonanal, decanal; undecanal, dodecanal; tndecanal, 2-methyloctanal, 2-methylnonanal, (E)-2-hexenal, (Z)-4-heptenal; 2,6-dimethyl-5-heptenal; 10-undecenal; (E)-4-decenal, 2-dodecenal, 2,6,10-tnmethyl-5,9-undecadienal, heptanal diethyl acetal; 1,1-dimethoxγ-2,2,5-trimethyl-4-hexene; citronellyloxyacetaldehyde,
the aliphatic ketones and oximes thereof, such as, for example, 2-heptanone, 2-octanone; 3-octanone; 2-nonanone; 5-methyl-3-heptanone, 5-methyl-3-heptanone oxime, 2,4,4,7-tetramethyl-6-octen-3-one, the aliphatic sulphur-containing compounds, such as, for example, 3-methylthiohexanol, 3-methylthiohexyl acetate, 3-mercaptohexanol, 3-mercaptohexyl acetate; 3-mercaptohexyl butyrate, 3-acetylthiohexyl acetate; 1-menthene-8-thiol;
he aliphatic nitriles, such as, for example, 2-nonenoic acid nitnle; 2-ndecenoic acid nitrile; 2,12-tndecenoic acid nitnle, 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienoic acid nitrile; 3,7-dimethyl-6-octenoic acid nitnle,
the aliphatic carboxylic acids and esters thereof, such as, for example, (E)-and (Z)-3-hexenyl formate, ethyl acetoacetate, isoamyl acetate; hexyl acetate; 3,5,5-trimethylhexyl acetate, 3-methyl-2-butenyl acetate; (E)-2-hexenyl acetate, (E)- and (Z)-3-hexenyl acetate; octyl acetate; 3-octyl acetate; 1-octen-3-yl acetate; ethyl butyrate; butyl butyrate, isoamyl butyrate, hexyl butyrate, (E)- and (Z)-3-hexenyl isobutyrate; hexyl crotonate; ethyl isovalerate, ethyl 2-methylpentanoate; ethyl hexanoate, allyl hexanoate; ethyl heptanoate; allyl heptanoate, ethyl octanoate, ethyl (E,Z)-2,4-decadienoate, methyl 2-octynoate; methyl 2-nonynoate, allyl 2-isoamyloxyacetate; methyl 3,7-dimethyl-2,6-octadienoate;
the acyclic terpene alcohols, such as, for example, citronellol, geraniol, nerol, linalool; lavandulol, nerolidol, farnesol; tetrahydrolinalool, tetrahydrogeraniol, 2,6-dimethyl-7-octen-2-ol; 2,6-dimethyloctan-2-ol, 2-methyl-6-methylene-7-octen-2-ol, 2,6-dimethyl-5,7-octadien-2-ol, 2,6-dimethyl-3,5-octadien-2-ol; 3,7-dimethyl-4,6-octadien-3-ol; 3,7-dimethyl-1,5,7-octatrien-3-ol, 2,6-dimethyl-2,5,7-octatnen-1-ol; and formates, acetates, propionates, isobutyrates, butyrates, isovalerates, pentanoates, hexanoates, crotonates, tiglinates and 3-methyl-2-butenoates thereof;
the acyclic terpene aldehydes and ketones, such as, for example, geranial, Neral, cirtonellal, 7-hydroxγ-3,7-dimethyloctanal, 7-methoxγ-3,7-dimethyl-octanal, 2,6,10-trimethyl-9-undecenal, geranylacetone; and the dimethyl and diethyl acetals of geranial, Neral and 7-hydroxγ-3,7-dimethyloctanal,
the cyclic terpene alcohols, such as, for example, menthol; isopulegol, alphα-terpineol; terpineol-4, menthan-8-ol, menthan-1-ol, menthan-7-ol;
borneol; isoborneol, linalool oxide; nopol, cedrol; ambnnol, vetiverol; guaiol, and formates, acetates, propionates, isobutyrates, butyrates, isovalerates, pentanoates, hexanoates, crotonates, tiglmates and 3-methyl-2-butenoates thereof;
the cyclic terpene aldehydes and ketones, such as, for example, menthone, isomenthone; 8-mercaptomenthan-3-one, carvone, camphor; fenchone; alphα-ionone; betα-ionone; alphα-n-methylionone; betα-n-methylionone, alphα-isomethylionone; betα-isomethyhonone, alphα-irone, alphα-damascone; betα-damascone; betα-damascenone; deltα-damascone, gammα-damascone; 1-(2,4,4-tnmethyl-2-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2-buten-1-one; 1,3,4,6,7,8α-hexahydro-1,1,5,5-tetramethyl-2H-2,4α-methanonaphthalen-8(5H)-one, nootkatone; dihydronootkatone; alphα-sinensal; betα-sinensal and acetylated cedarwood oil (methyl cedryl ketone);
the cyclic alcohols, such as, for example, 4-tert-butylcyclohexanol, 3,3,5-trimethylcyclohexanol; 3-isocamphylcyclohexanol; 2,6,9-tnmethyl-Z2,Z5,E9-cyclododecatnen-1-ol and 2-isobutyl-4-methyltetrahydro-2H-pyran-4-ol;
the cycloaliphatic alcohols, such as, for example, alphα-3,3-tnmethyl-cyclohexylmethanol, 2-methyl-4-(2,2,3-trimethyl-3-cyclopent-1-yl)butanol, 2-methyl-4-(2,2,3-trimethyl-3-cyclopent-1 -yl)-2-buten-1 -ol; 2-ethyl-4-(2,2,3-trimethyl-3-cyclopent-1 -yl)-2-buten-1 -ol, 3-methyl-5-(2,2,3-tnmethyl-3-cyclopent-1-yl)-pentan-2-ol; 3-methyl-5-(2,2,3-trimethyl-3-cyclopent-1-yl)-4-penten-2-ol, 3,3-dimethyl-5-(2,2,3-trimethyl-3-cyclopent-1 -yl)-4-penten-2-ol; 1-(2,2,6-tnmethylcyclohexyl)pentan-3-ol and 1-(2,2,6-tnmethylcyclo-hexyl)hexan-3-ol,
the cyclic and cycloaliphatic ethers, such as, for example, cineole, cedryl methyl ether; cyclododecyl methyl ether, (ethoxymethoxy)cyclododecane, alphα-cedrene epoxide, 3a,6,6,9α-tetramethyldodecahydronaphtho[2,1 -bjfuran, 3α-ethyl-6,6,9α-trimethyldodecahydronaphtho[2,1-b]furan, 1,5,9-tnmethyl-13-oxabicyclo[10 1 0]tndecα-4,8-diene, rose oxide and 2-(2,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl)-5-methyl-5-(1-methylpropyl)-1,3-dioxane,
the cyclic ketones, such as, for example, 4-tert-butylcyclohexanone; 2,2,5-tnmethyl-5-pentylcyclopentanone, 2-heptylcyclopentanone, 2-pentylcyclo-pentanone, 2-hydroxγ-3-methyl-2-cyclopenten-1 -one, 3-methyl-cis-2-penten-1-yl-2-cyclopenten-1-one; 3-methyl-2-pentyl-2-cyclopenten-1-one, 3-methyl-4-cyclopentadecenone, 3-methyl-5-cyclopentadecenone; 3-methylcyclopentadecanone; 4-(1-ethoxyvinyl)-3,3,5,5-tetramethylcyclo-hexanone, 4-tert-pentylcyclohexanone; 5-cyclohexadecen-1-one, 6,7-dihydro-1,1,2,3,3-pentamethyl-4(5H)-indanone, 5-cyclohexadecen-1 -one; 8-cyclohexadecen-1-one; 9-cycloheptadecen-1-one and cyclo-pentadecanone;
the cycloaliphatic aldehydes, such as, for example, 2,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexenecarbaldehyde, 2-methyl-4-(2,2,6-tnmethyl-cyclohexen-1-yl)-2-butenal; 4-(4-hydroxγ-4-methylpentyl)-3-cyclohexenecarbaldehyde and 4-(4-methyl-3-penten-1-yl)-3-cyclohexenecarbaldehyde,
the cycloaliphatic ketones, such as, for example, 1-(3,3-dimethylcyclo-hexyl)-4-penten-1-one; 1-(5,5-dimethyl-1-cyclohexen-1-yl)-4-penten-1-one, 2,3,8,8-tetramethyl-1,2,3,4,5,6,7,8-octahydro-2-naphthalenylmethyl ketone, methyl 2,6,10-trimethyl-2,5,9-cyclododecatnenyl ketone and tert-butyl 2,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexen-1-yl ketone;
the esters of cyclic alcohols such as, for example, 2-tert-butylcyclohexyl acetate, 4-tert-butylcyclohexyl acetate, 2-tert-pentylcyclohexyl acetate, 4-
tert-pentylcyclohexyl acetate, decahydro-2-naphthyl acetate; 3-pentyltetrα-hydro-2H-pyran-4-yl acetate; decahydro-2,5,5,8a-tetramethyl-2-naphthyl acetate; 4,7-methano-3a,4,5,6,7,7a-hexahydro-5 or 6-indenyl acetate, 4,7-methano-3a,4,5,6,7,7α-hexahydro-5 or 6-indenyl propionate; 4,7-methano-3a,4,5,6,7,7α-hexahydro-5 or 6-indenyl isobutyrate and 4,7-methanooctahydro-5 or 6-indenyl acetate;
the esters of cycloaliphatic carboxylic acids, such as, for example, allyl 3-cyclohexylpropionate; allyl cyclohexyloxyacetate, methyl dihydrojasmonate, methyl jasmonate, methyl 2-hexyl-3-oxocyclopentane-carboxylate; ethyl 2-ethyl-6,6-dimethyl-2-cyclohexenecarboxylate; ethyl 2,3,6,6-tetramethyl-2-cyclohexenecarboxylate and ethyl 2-methyl-1,3-d loxola ne-2-acetate;
the aromatic hydrocarbons, such as, for example, styrene and diphenylmethane,
the araliphatic alcohols, such as, for example, benzyl alcohol; 1-phenylethyl alcohol; 2-phenylethyl alcohol, 3-phenylpropanol, 2-phenylpropanol, 2-phenoxyethanol, 2,2-dimethyl-3-phenylpropanol, 2,2-dimethyl-3-(3-methyl-phenyl)propanol; 1,1-dimethyl-2-phenylethyl alcohol, 1,1-dimethyl-3-phenylpropanol; 1-ethyl-1-methyl-3-phenylpropanol, 2-methyl-5-phenylpentanol; 3-methyl-5-phenylpentanol, 3-phenyl-2-propen-1-ol, 4-methoxybenzyl alcohol and 1-(4-isopropylpheny!)ethanol;
the esters of araliphatic alcohols and aliphatic carboxylic acids, such as, for example, benzyl acetate, benzyl propionate; benzyl isobutyrate, benzyl isovalerate, 2-phenylethyl acetate, 2-phenylethyl propionate, 2-phenylethyl isobutyrate; 2-phenylethyl isovalerate, 1-phenylethyl acetate; alphα-trichloromethylbenzyl acetate, alpha,alphα-dimethylphenylethyl acetate, alpha,alphα-dimethylphenylethyl butyrate, cinnamyl acetate, 2-
phenoxyethyl isobutyrate; 4-methoxybenzyl acetate, the arahphatic ethers, such as, for example, 2-phenylethyl methyl ether, 2-phenylethyl isoamyl ether, 2-phenylethyl 1-ethoxyethyl ether; phenylacetaldehyde dimethyl acetal; phenylacetaldehyde diethyl acetal, hydratropic aldehyde dimethyl acetal; phenylacetaldehyde glycerol acetal, 2,4,6-tnmethyl-4-phenyl-1,3-dioxane, 4,4a,5,9b-tetrahydroindeno[1,2-d]-m-dioxin; 4,4a,5,9b-tetrahydro-2,4-dimethylindeno[1,2-d]-m-dioxin,
the aromatic and araliphatic aldehydes, such as, for example, benzaldehyde; phenylacetaldehyde; 3-phenylpropanal, hydratropic aldehyde, 4-methylbenzaldehyde; 4-methylphenylacetaldehyde, 3-(4-ethylphenyl)-2,2-dimethylpropanal; 2-methyl-3-(4-isopropyl-phenyl)propanal, 2-methyl-3-(4-tert-butylphenyl)propanal, 3-(4-tert-butyl-phenyl)propanal, cinnamaldehyde, alphα-butylcinnamaldehyde, alphα-amylcinnamaldehyde; alphα-hexylcinnamaldehyde; 3-methyl-5-phenylpentanal; 4-methoxybenzaldehyde, 4-hydroxγ-3-methoxγ-benzaldehyde, 4-hydroxγ-3-ethoxybenzaldehyde, 3,4-methylenedioxγ-benzaldehyde, 3,4-dimethoxybenzaldehyde; 2-methyl-3-(4-methoxγ-phenyl)propanal and 2-methyl-3-(4-methylenedioxyphenyl)propanal,
the aromatic and arahphatic ketones, such as, for example, acetophenone, 4-methylacetophenone; 4-methoxyacetophenone; 4-tert-butyl-2,6-dimethylacetophenone; 4-phenyl-2-butanone; 4-(4-hydroxyphenyl)-2-butanone; 1-(2-naphthalenyl)ethanone; benzophenone; 1,1,2,3,3,6-hexamethyl-5-indanyl methyl ketone, 6-tert-butyl-1,1-dimethyl-4-indanyl methyl ketone, 1-[2,3-dihydro-1,1,2,6-tetramethyl-3-(1-methylethyl)-1H-5-indenyl]ethanoneand5',6',7',8'-tetrahydro-3',5',5',6',8',8'-hexamethyl-2-acetonaphthone,
the aromatic and araliphatic carboxylic acids and esters thereof, such as, for example, benzoic acid, phenylacetic acid, methyl benzoate, ethyl
benzoate, hexyl benzoate, benzyl benzoate; methyl phenylacetate, ethyl phenylacetate, geranyl phenylacetate, phenylethyl phenylacetate, methyl cinnamate; ethyl cinnamate; benzyl cinnamate, phenylethyl cinnamate; cinnamyl cinnamate; allyl phenoxyacetate; methyl salicylate; isoamyl salicylate; hexyl salicylate, cyclohexyl salicylate; cis-3-hexenyl salicylate; benzyl salicylate; phenylethyl salicylate; methyl 2,4-dihydroxγ-3,6-dimethylbenzoate; ethyl 3-phenylglycidate and ethyl 3-methyl-3-phenylglycidate,
the nitrogen-containing aromatic compounds, such as, for example, 2,4,6-tnnitro-1,3-dimethyl-5-tert-butylbenzene, 3,5-dinitro-2,6-dimethyl-4-tert-butylacetophenone, cinnamonitrile, 5-phenyl-3-methyl-2-pentenoic acid nitrile; 5-phenyl-3-methylpentanoic acid nitrile, methyl anthranilate, methyl N-methylanthranilate, Schiffs bases of methyl anthranilate with 7-hydroxγ-3,7-dimethyloctanal; 2-methyl-3-(4-tert-butylphenyl)propanal or 2,4-dimethyl-3-cyclohexenecarbaldehyde; 6-isopropylqumoline; 6-isobutylquinohne; 6-sec-butylquinoline, indole; scatole, 2-methoxγ-3-isopropylpyrazine and 2-isobutyl-3-methoxypyrazine,
the phenols, phenyl ethers and phenyl esters, such as, for example, estragole, anethole, eugenol, eugenyl methyl ether, isoeugenol; isoeugenyl methyl ether, thymol, carvacrol, diphenyl ether, betα-naphthyl methyl ether, betα-naphthyl ethyl ether, betα-naphthyl isobutyl ether, 1,4-dimethoxybenzene, eugenyl acetate, 2-methoxγ-4-methylphenol, 2-ethoxγ-5-(1-propenyl)phenol and p-cresyl phenylacetate,
the heterocyclic compounds, such as, for example, 2,5-dimethyl-4-hydroxγ-2H-furan-3-one, 2-ethyl-4-hydroxγ-5-methyl-2H-furan-3-one; 3-hydroxγ-2-methyl-4H-pyran-4-one and 2-ethyl-3-hydroxγ-4H-pyran-4-one,
the lactones, such as, for example, 1,4-octanolide, 3-methyl-1,4-octanolide, 1,4-nonanohde, 1,4-decanohde, 8-decen-1,4-ohde; 1,4-undecanolide, 1,4-dodecanohde, 1,5-decanohde, 1,5-dodecanohde, 1,15-pentadecanolide, cis- and trans-11-pentadecen-1,15-olide; cis- and trans-12-pentadecen-1,15-olide, 1,16-hexadecanohde; 9-hexadecen-1,16-olide, 10-oxa-1,16-hexadecanolide; 11 -oxα-1,16-hexadecanolide, 12-oxα-1,16-hexadecanolide, ethylene 1,12-dodecanedioate, ethylene 1,13-tridecanedioate, coumann, 2,3-dihydrocoumann and octahydrocoumann
The perfume oils are generally added to the soap base in an amount of 0 05 to 5% (m/m), preferably of 0 1 to 2 5% (m/m), and particularly preferentially of 0 2 to 1.5% (m/m), based on the soap base
The perfume oils can be added in liquid form, undiluted or diluted with a solvent for perfuming the soap base Suitable solvents for this purpose are, for example, ethanol, isopropanol, diethylene glycol monoethyl ether, glycerol, propylene glycol, 1,2-butylene glycol, dipropylene glycol, diethyl phthalate, triethyl citrate, isopropyl mynstate, etc
Furthermore, the perfume oils for the multiphase soaps according to the invention can be adsorbed on a carrier which serves both for fine dispersion of the fragrances in the product and also for controlled release during use. Such carriers can be porous inorganic materials, such as light sulphate, silica gels, zeolites, gypsums, clays, clay granules, gas concrete, etc or organic materials such as woods and cellulose-based substances
The perfume oils for the multiphase soaps according to the invention can also be microencapsulated, spraγ-dried, in the form of inclusion complexes or in the form of extrusion products and be added in this form to the soap base to be perfumed
The properties of the perfume oils modified in this way can optionally be further optimised by so-called "coating" with suitable materials with regard to a more targeted fragrance release, for which purpose waxy polymers such as, for example, polyvinyl alcohol, are preferably used.
The microencapsulation of the perfume oils can, for example, be carried out by the so-called coacervation method with the aid of capsule materials made from, for example, polyurethane-like substances or soft gelatine The spraγ-dried perfume oils can, for example, be prepared by spray drying an emulsion or dispersion containing the perfume oil, where the carriers used can be modified starches, proteins, dextrin and vegetable gums. Inclusion complexes can be prepared, for example, by introducing dispersions of the perfume oil and cyclodextrins or urea derivatives into a suitable solvent, e.g , water Extrusion products can be obtained by melting the perfume oils with a suitable waxy substance and by extrusion with subsequent solidification, optionally in a suitable solvent, e g , isopropanol
The fragrances can also be used in the form of precursors.
Non-limiting examples of fragrance precursors with which the multiphase soap according to the invention can advantageously be combined are given below.
Acetals releasing alcohols, preferably fragrance alcohols and aldehyde or ketone, ortho-esters and ortho-carbonates releasing alcohols, preferably fragrance alcohols; esters or carbonates releasing alcohols, preferably fragrance alcohols and in some cases aldehyde or ketone, p-keto esters releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol and in some cases ketone, hydroxy esters releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol and lactone, protected hydroxy esters releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol and lactone and in some cases ketone; arylacrylic acid esters releasing
alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol, or aldehyde, preferably fragrance aldehyde, or ketone, preferably fragrance ketone, and benzopyranone, p,γ-unsaturated 8-keto esters releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol, α-amides releasing carboxylic acids, p-amino esters releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol; organosiloxanes releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol, or aldehyde, preferably fragrance aldehyde, or ketone, preferably fragrance ketone; iminoalkylpolysiloxanes releasing aldehyde, preferably fragrance aldehyde, or ketone, preferably fragrance ketone, oxazolidines releasing aldehyde, preferably fragrance aldehyde, or ketone, preferably fragrance ketone; tartaric acid dioxalanes releasing aldehyde or ketone, preferably citral; oxime carboxylic acids releasing oxime or aldehyde or ketone and alcohol or lactone; α-alkoxy aryl ketones releasing ketone, preferably aryl ketone, 2-benzoylbenzoic acid esters, 2-alkanoylbenzoic acid esters and oc-keto esters releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol, and/or ketone, preferably fragrance ketone, polymer-bound imines releasing aldehyde and ketone, serine carbonates releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol, or aldehyde, preferably fragrance aldehyde, or ketone, preferably fragrance ketone, dioxolanones releasing aldehyde, preferably fragrance aldehyde, or ketone, preferably fragrance ketone, and hydroxycarboxylic acid, silicic acid esters releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol, cyclic hydroxy esters or cyclic keto esters releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol, S-glycosides releasing thiol, disulphides releasing thiol, cyclic aldehyde tnmers releasing fragrance aldehyde; α-alkoxγ-α-alkylidenealdehydes releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol; esters releasing alcohol, preferably fragrance alcohol, and having additional amide functionality, betaine esters releasing alcohols, preferably fragrance alcohols
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can contain plant parts and plant extracts Examples which may be mentioned are arnica, aloe, usnea, ivy, stinging nettle, ginseng, henna, camomile, marigold, rosemary,
sage, horsetail or thyme Animal extracts, such as, for example, royal jelly, propolis, proteins or thymus extracts
Furthermore, cosmetic oils which can be applied dermally can be incorporated into the multiphase soaps, such as, for example, neutral oils of the Miglyol 812 type, apricot kernel oil, avocado oil, babussu oil, cottonseed oil, borage oil, thistle oil, peanut oil, gammα-oryzanol, rosehip kernel oil, hemp oil, hazelnut oil, currant seed oil, jojoba oil, cherry stone oil, salmon oil, linseed oil, maize germ oil, macadamia nut oil, almond oil, evening primrose oil, mink oil, olive oil, pecan nut oil, peach kernel oil, pistachio kernel oil, rapeseed oil, rice germ oil, casyor oil, safflower oil, sesame oil, soyabean oil, sunflower oil, tea tree oil, grapeseed oil or wheatgerm oil
The multiphase soaps can contain UV absorbers (UV filters), such as, for example, Neo Heliopane® to protect against discolouration of the soap or protect against solar irradiation on the skin
Suitable screening agents are, for example, organic UV absorbers from the class of 4-aminobenzoic acid and derivatives, salicylic acid derivatives, benzophenone derivatives, dibenzoylmethane derivatives, diphenyl acrylates, 3-imidazol-4-yl-acryhc acid and esters thereof, benzofuran derivatives, benzylidene malonate derivatives, polymeric UV absorbers, containing one or more sihcoorganic radicals, cinnamic acid derivatives, camphor derivatives, trianilino-s-tnazine derivatives, 2-hydroxyphenylbenzotnazole derivatives, 2-phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulphonic acid and salts thereof, methyl anthranilate, benzotnazole derivatives
The UV absorbers given below which can be used for the purposes of the present invention are, of course, not intended to be limiting
4-aminobenzoic acid, ethyl 4-aminobenzoate, 2-ethylhexyl 4-dimethyl-aminobenzoate, glycerol 4-aminobenzoate, homomenthyl salicylates (homosalates), 2-ethylhexyl salicylate, triethanolamine salicylate, 4-isopropylbenzyl salicylate, menthyl anthranilate, ethyl dnsopropylcinnamate, 2-ethylhexyl p-methoxycinnamate, methyl dnsopropylcinnamate, isoamyl p-methoxycinnamate, p-methoxycinnamic acid diethanolamine salt, isopropyl p-methoxycinnamate, 2-ethylhexyl 2-cyano-3,3-diphenyl acrylate, ethyl 2-cyano-3,3'-diphenyl acrylate, 2-phenylbenzimidazole-5-sulphonic acid and salts thereof, 3-(4'-tnmethylammonium)-benzylidene-bornan-2-one methyl sulphate, terephthalyhdene-dibornanesulphonic acid and salts, 4-t-butyl-4'-methoxydibenzoylmethane, p-imidazole-4(5)-acryhc acid (urocaninic acid), 2-hydroxγ-4-methoxybenzophenone, 2-hydroxγ-4-methoxybenzophenone-5-sulphonic acid, dihydroxγ-4-methoxybenzophenone, 2,4-dihydroxybenzophenone, tetrahydroxybenzophenone, 2,2'-dihydroxγ-4,4'-dimethoxybenzophenone, 2-hydroxγ-4-n-octoxybenzophenone, 2-hydroxγ-4-methoxγ-4'-methylbenzophenone, 3-(4'-sulpho)benzyhdene-bornan-2-one and salts thereof, 3-(4'-methylbenzylidene)camphor, 3-benzylidenecamphor, 3,3'-(1>4-phenylenedimethine)-bis-(7,7-dimethyl-2-oxo-bicyclo-[2.2.1]heptane-1-methanesulphonic acid and salts thereof, 4-isopropyldibenzoylmethane, 2,4,6-trianihno-(p-carbo-2'-ethylhexyl-1'-oxy)-1,3,5-tnazine, phenylene-1,4-bis-(2-benzimidazyl)-3,3'-5,5'-tetrasulphonic acid and salts thereof, particularly the corresponding sodium, potassium or triethanolammonium salts, in particular the disodium salt, 2,2'-(1,4-phenylene)-bis-(1H-benzimidazole-4,6-disulphonic acid), monosodium salt, N-[(2 and 4)-[2-(oxobom-3-ylidene)methyl]benzyl]acrylamide polymer, phenol, 2-(2H-benzotnazol-2-yl)-4-methyl-6-(2-methyl-3-(1,3,3,3-tetramethyl-1 -(tnmethylsilyl)-oxy)-disiloxyanyl)-propyl, 4,4'-[(6-[4-(1,1 -dimethyl)-aminocarbonyl)-phenylamino]-1,3,5-tnazine-2,4-diyl)diimino]-bis-(2-ethylhexyl benzoate), 2,2'-methylene-bis-(6-(2H-benztnazol-2-yl)-4-
1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)-phenol), 2,4-bis-[4-(2-ethylhexyloxy)-2-hydroxγ-phenyl]-1,3,5-triazine, benzylidene malonate-polysiloxane, glyceryl ethyl hexanoate dimethoxycinnamate, disodium 2,2'-dihydroxγ-4,4'-dimethoxγ-5,5'-disulphobenzophenone, dipropylene glycol salicylate, sodium hydroxγ-methoxybenzophenone-sulphonate, tris(2-ethylhexyl) 4,4',4-(1,3,5-tnazine-2,4,6-tnyltrimino)-tris-benzoate, 2,4-bis-[{(4-(2-ethyl-hexyloxy)-2-hydroxy}-phenyl]-6-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3,5-tnazine, 2,4-bis-[{(4-(3-sulphonato)-2-hydroxγ-propyloxy)-2-hydroxy}-phenyl3-6-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3,5-tnazine sodium salt, 2,4-bis[{(3-(2-propyloxy)-2-hydroxγ-propyloxy)-2-hydroxy}-phenyl]-6-(4-methoxγ-phenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4-bis-[{4-(2-ethyl-hexyloxy)-2-hydroxy}-phenyl]-6-[4-(2-methoxyethyl-carbonyl)-phenylamino]-1,3,5-tnazine, 2,4-bis-[{4-(3-(2-propyloxy)-2-hydroxγ-propyloxy)-2-hydroxy}-phenyl]-6-[4-(2-ethylcarboxyl)-phenylamino]-1,3,5-tnazine, 2,4-bis-[{4-(2-ethyl-hexyloxy)-2-hydroxy}-phenyl]-6-(1-methyl-pyrrol-2-yl-)-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4-bis-[{4-tns-(trimethylsiloxγ-silylpropyloxy)-2-hydroxy}-phenyl]-6-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 2,4-bis-[{4-(2"-methylpropenyloxy)-2-hydroxy}-phenyl]-6-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3,5-tnazine, 2,4-bis-[{4-(1',r)r,3,5',5',5'-heptα-methylsiloxγ-2"-methyl-propyloxy)-2-hydroxy}-phenyl]-6-(4-methoxyphenyl)-1,3,5-triazine
Preparations according to the invention advantageously contain [lacuna] which absorb UV radiation, it being possible for UV-A and/or UV-B filter substances to be used The total amount of filter substances is preferably 0 1 to 30% (m/m), particularly preferentially 0.2 to 10% (m/m) and in particular 0 5 to 5% (m/m), based on the total weight of the preparation
Moreover, it is possible to use particulate UV filters or inorganic pigments, which optionally can be rendered hydrophobic, such as the oxides of titanium (Ti02), zinc (ZnO), iron (Fe203), zirconium (Zr02), silicon (S1O2), manganese (e.g MnO), aluminium (Al203), cerium (e.g Ce203) and/or mixtures
The incorporation of cooling agents into the multiphase soap is also advantageous Examples of cooling agents which may be mentioned are-1-menthol, menthone-glycerol acetal, menthyl lactate, substituted menthyl-3-carboxamides (e g menthyl-3-carboxylic acid N-ethylamide), 2-isopropyl-N,2,3-tnmethylbutanamide, substituted cyclohexanecarboxamides, 3-menthoxypropane-1,2-diol, 2-hydroxyethyl menthylcarbonate, 2-hydroxypropyl menthylcarbonate, N-acetylglycine menthyl ester, menthyl hydroxycarboxylates (e g menthyl 3-hydroxybutyrate), monomenthyl succinate, 2-mercaptocyclodecanone, menthyl-2-pyrrolidin-5-one carboxylate
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can contain antimicrobial active ingredients and biocides The biocides can be of hydrophihc, amphoteric or hydrophobic nature Examples which may be mentioned are
(5-lactam active ingredients and salts thereof, lactones, 2-pyndones and 2-pynthones, α- and p-cyclodextrins, ciprofloxacin, norfloxacin, tetracyclines, erythromycin, amikacin, tnclosan, deoxycyclines, capreomycin, chlorhexidtne, chlorotetracycline, oxytetracycline, clindamycin, ethambutol, metronidazole, pentamidine, gentamicin, kanamycin, lineomycin, methacyclines, minocyclines, neomycin, netilmicin, paromomycin, streptomycin, tobramycin, miconazole, amantadine (sic), quaternary monoammonium salts, such as cocoalkylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride, (C12-C14)alkylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride, 1-(3-chloroallyl)-3,5,7-tnazα-1-azoniaadamantane chloride (Dowicil®), cocoalkyldichloro-benzyldimethylammonium chloride, tetradecylbenzyldimethylammonium chloride, didecyldimethylammomum chloride, dioctyldimethylammonium chloride, myristyltrimethylammonium bromide, cetyltrimethylammonium bromide, monoquaternary heterocyclic amine salts, such as, for example, laurylpyndinium chloride cetylpyndinium chloride, (C12-C14)alkyl-
enzylimidazohum chloride, tnphenylphosphonium salts, such as, for example, mynstyltriphenylphosphonium bromide, polymeric biocides, as obtainable, for example, from the reaction of epichlorohydnn and dimethylamine, diethylamine or imidazole, 1,3-dichloro-2-propanol and dimethylamine or 1,3-bis(dimethylamino)-2-propanol, ethylene dichlonde and 1,3-bis(dimethylamino)-2-propanol, bis(2-chloroethyl) ether and N,N'-bis(dimethylaminopropyl)-urea or -thiourea, polymeric biguanidine hydrochlorides (e.g Vantocil IB), derivatives of N-(N'-C8-C18alkyl-3-aminopropyl)glycine, of N-(N'-(N"-C8-C18alkyl-2-aminoethyl)-2-aminoethyl)-glycme, of N-(N'-bis(N'-C8-C18alkyl-2-aminoethyl)glycine, such as, for example, (dodecyl)(aminopropyl)glycine or (dodecyl)(diethylenediamine)-glycine, amines, such as N-(3-aminopropyl)-N-dodecyl-1,3-propane-diamine, halogenated biocides, for example hypochlorites or sodium dichloroisocyanurates, phenolic biocides, such as, for example, phenol and its derivatives, phenol ethers, monoalkylphenols, polyalkylphenols, arylphenols, o-phenylphenol, p-tert-butylphenol, 6-n-amyl-m-cresol, 4,4'-diamidino-α,ω -diphenoxypropane dnsethionate (propamidine isethionate), 4,4'-diamidino-α,ω-diphenoxyhexane dnsethionate (hexamidine isethionate), alkyl- and/or aryl-chloro- or -bromophenols, such as, for example, o-benzyl-p-chlorophenol, resorcinol and its derivatives, such as, for example, resorcinol monoacetate, cresols, p-chloro-m-xylene, dichloro-m-xylene, 4-chloro-m-cresol, halogenated diphenyl ethers, such as, for example, 2',4,4'-tnchloro-2-hydroxydiphenyl ether (Triclosan) or 2,2'-dihydroxγ-5,5'-dibromodiphenyl ether, chlorophenesine (p-chlorophenyl glycerol ether), bisphenol compounds, bis(2-hydroxγ-3,5-dichlorophenyl) sulphide, bis(2-hydroxγ-5-chlorobenzyl) sulphide, halogenated carbanilides, such as, for example, 3,4,4'-tnchlorocarbanilide
The following are also suitable pyrithione, in particular the sodium and zinc compounds, Octopirox®, Nuosept®, Nuosept C®, dimethyldimethylolhydantoin (DMDM, Glydant®), 3-butyl-2-iodopropinyl
carbamate, Glydant Plus®, 3-isothiazolone compounds, methylchloroisothiazolinone, diazolidinylurea (Germall II®), imid-azolidinylurea (Abiol®, Unicide U-13®, Germall 115®), benzyl alcohol, bicyclic polymethoxyoxazolidinones (e g Nuosept®C), 2-bromo-2-nitropropane-1,3-diol (Bronopol®), lodopropenylbutyl carbamate (Polyphase P100®), chloroacetamide, methanamine, 1,2-dibromo-2,4-dicyanobutane (Tektamer®), 5-bromo-5-nitro-1,3-dioxane (Bronidox®), phenethyl alcohol, o-phenylphenol, sodium o-phenylphenol, sodium hydroxymethylglycinate (Suttocide A®), dimethoxane, Kathon CG®, thimerosal, dichlorobenzyl alcohol, captan, chlorophenesine, dichlorophene, chlorobutanol and glyceryl laurate
Aryl- or aryloxγ-substituted, straight-chain or mono- and polγ-alkyl-branched saturated or mono- to pentα-unsaturated (up to five double or triple bonds, also mixed ene-ine compounds), fatty alcohols, fatty aldehydes and fatty acids of chain lengths C2 to C4o-
Aryl- or aryloxγ-substituted straight-chain or mono- and polγ-alkyl-branched saturated or mono- to pentα-unsaturated (up to five double or triple bonds, also mixed ene-ine compounds), alkanediols, dialdehydes and dicarboxylic acids of chain length C2 to C40
Mono- and ohgoglycendes (up to 4 glycerol units), aryl- or aryloxγ-substituted straight-chain or mono- and polγ-alkyl-branched saturated or mono- to pentα-unsaturated (up to five double or triple bonds, also mixed ene-ine compounds), fatty alcohols (mono- and oligoglycerol monoalkyl ethers), fatty acids (mono- and oligoglycerol monoalkyl esters), alkanediols (mono- and oligoglycerol monoalkyl ethers; bis(mono-/ohgoglyceryl) alkyl diethers) and dicarboxylic acids (mono- and oligoglycerol monoalkyl esters; bis(mono-/ohgoglyceryl) alkyl diesters) of chain lengths C2 to C40
Fatty acid esters of straight-chain or mono- and polγ-alkyl-branched saturated or mono- to pentα-unsaturated (up to five double or triple bonds, also mixed ene-ine compounds), optionally also aryl- or aryloxγ-substituted carboxylic acids of chain lengths C2 to C4o with straight-chain or mono- and polγ-alkyl-branched saturated or mono- to pentα-unsaturated (up to five double or triple bonds, also mixed ene-ine compounds), optionally also aryl- or aryloxγ-substituted mono- to hexahydric fatty alcohols of chain lengths C2 to C4o
Vegetable and animal fatty acid fractions, containing straight-chain or mono- and polγ-alkyl-branched saturated or mono- to pentα-unsaturated (up to five double or triple bonds, also mixed ene-ine compounds), fatty alcohols, fatty aldehydes and fatty acids of chain lengths C2 to C4o (e g coconut fatty acids, palm kernel fatty acids, wool wax acids)
Mono- and oligoglycerides of lanolin, of lanolin alcohols and lanolin acids (e g. glyceryl lanolate, neocente), glycyrrhetic acid and derivatives (e.g glycyrrhetinyl stearates), natural and synthetic cardenolides (e.g digitoxin, dogoxin, digoxygenin, gitoxygenin, strophanthin and strophanthidin), natural and synthetic bufadienolides (e g. scillaren A, scillarenin and bufotalin), sapogenms and steroid sapogenins (e g. amynnes, oleanoic acid, digitonin, gitogenm, tigogenin and diosgenin), steroid alkaloids of vegetable and animal origin (e g tomatidine, solanine, solanidine, conessine, batrachotoxin and homobatrachotoxin)
Mono- and polyhalogenated nitnles, dinitnles, tnnitnles or tetranitnles
Mono- and oligohydroxy fatty acids of chain lengths C2 to C24 (e g. lactic acid, 2-hydroxypalmitic acid), oligomers and/or polymers thereof, and vegetable and animal raw materials containing these
Unsubstituted and alkyl-substituted hydroquinones, and plant extracts containing these (e g sage extract, rosemary extract)
Acyclic terpenes. terpene hydrocarbons (e.g ocimene, myrcene), terpene alcohols (e g geraniol, hnalool, citronellol), terpene aldehydes and ketones (e g. citral, pseudoionone, p-ionone); monocyclic terpenes terpene hydrocarbons (e.g terpinene, terpinolene, limonene), terpene alcohols (e.g. terpineol, thymol, menthol), terpene ketones (e g pulegone, carvone), bicyclic terpenes terpene hydrocarbons (e g carane, pinane, bornane), terpene alcohols (e g borneol, isoborneol), terpene ketones (e.g. camphor), sesquiterpenes acyclic sesquiterpenes (e g. farnesol, nerohdol), monocyclic sesquiterpenes (e g bisabolol), bicyclic sesquiterpenes (e g. cadinene, sehnene, vetivazulene, guaiazulene), tricyclic sesquiterpenes (e g. santalene), diterpenes (e g phytol), tricyclic diterpenes (e g abietic acid), tnterpenes (squalenoids, e g squalene), tetraterpenes.
Conventional preservatives (e g. formaldehyde, glutardialdehyde, parabens (e g. methylparaben, ethylparaben, propylparaben and butylparaben), sorbitol, dibromodicyanobutane, imidazolidinylureas ("Germall"), isothiazolinones ("Kathon"), methylchlorothiazolidine, methylthiazohdine, organic acids (e g benzoic acid, sorbic acid, salicylic acid), and esters thereof, glycols, e g propylene glycol, 1,2-di-hydroxyalkanes), vegetable preservative aids and flavonoids (e g lantadin A, caryophyllene, hespendin, diosmin, phellandrene, pigenine, quercetin, hypericin, aucubin, diosgenin, plumbagin, corlilagin etc) and glycosylated derivatives thereof (e g glycosylrutin)
Ethoxylated, propoxylated or mixed ethoxylated/propoxylated cosmetic fatty alcohols, fatty acids and fatty acid esters of chain lengths C2 to C40 with 1 to 150 E/O and/or P/O units
Antimicrobial peptides and proteins having an amino acid number of 4 to 200, e g magainins, magainin amides, PGLa, PYLa, PGSa, xenopsm xenopsin precursor fragments [XPFs], caerulein, caerulein precursor fragments [CPFs], caendins, brevinins, esculentins, bombinins, dermα-septins, tachyplesins, polyphemusins, lantibiotics [e g epidermin, gallidermin, nisin, subtilin, Pep5, pediocins, plantancins, leucocins, cinnamycin, duramycin, ancovenin, colicins, pyocins, bactenocins, microcins, lactococcins, lactacins, mersacidins, actagardins, lacticins, streptococcins, salivanns, carnocins, lactocins, lanthiopeptins etc.], skin antimicrobial peptides (SAPs), lingual antimicrobial peptides (LAPs), human ß-defensins (in particular h-BD1 and h-BD2), tracheal antimicrobial peptides (TAPs), defensins, neutrophil peptides [e g NP-1 to NP-5, HNP-1 to HNP-4; GPNP, cryptidins; RatNP-1 to RatNP-4, sapecins, drosocins, cecropins, andropins, attacins, sarcotoxins, diptencins, coeloptenns, apidecins, abecins, hymenoptecins, melittins, Aedes aegyptii defensins, cathepsin D, azurocidins, lactoferrins and their hyrolysed products and peptides obtained therefrom, bactericidal/permeability increasing proteins [BPIs], elastases, cationic microbial proteins [CAPs], lysozyme, serprocidins, myeloperoxidase, indolicidins; major basic proteins [MBPs], eosinophil cationic proteins [ECPs]; bactenecins, macrophage cationic peptides [MCPs], histatins, amebapores, thionines, cysteine-nch antimicrobial peptides from plants (e g Mj-AMPs, Ac-AMPs, Rs-AFPs, Rs-nsLTPs, Rs-2S) and their synthetic analogues containing L- and/or D-amino acids (e g MSI-78)
Very suitable carbohydrates or "carbohydrate derivatives" which, when abbreviated, should also come under the name "carbohydrates", are sugars and substituted sugars or compounds containing sugar residues The sugars in particular also in each case include the deoxy and dideoxy forms Very suitable monosaccharides are, for example, tetroses,
pentoses, hexoses and heptoses Pentoses and hexoses are preferred The ring structures include furanoses and pyranoses, and both D- and L-isomers, as well as α- and ß-anomers, are included The deoxy and dideoxy forms are also suitable.
Very suitable disaccharides are, for example, the disaccharides formed by binary linkages of the above monosaccharides Linkage can take place as an α- or ß-glycoside bond between the two subunits. Sucrose, maltose and lactobiose are preferred. N-acetylgalactosamine and N-acetyl-glucosamine derivatives and also silalic acid-substituted derivatives are likewise suitable
Very suitable oligosaccharides consist of several, eg 2-7, sugar units, preferably of the sugars described under mono- and disaccharides, in particular of 2 to 5 units in the known bonding forms formed by condensation and as mentioned above In addition to the disaccharides, the tri- and tetrasacchandes are particularly preferred oligosaccharides N-acetylgalactosamine and N-acetylglucosamine derivatives and also silalic acid-substituted derivatives are also suitable.
Mono-, di- and oligosacchandes, in particular as described above, having one or more amino groups which can be acylated, in particular acetylated, are very suitable Ribosylamine, N-acetylglucosamine and N-galactosylamine and silalic acid-substituted derivatives are preferred Furthermore, sugar esters of organic or inorganic acids are advantageously used, for example sugar phosphates, sugar esters with carboxylic acids or sulphated sugars, in particular esters of the sugars described above
Preferred sugar esters of phosphoric acid are glucose 1-phosphate, fructose 1-phosphate, glucose 6-phosphate or mannose 6-phosphate
Preferred esters of sugars and carboxylic acids are obtained with carboxyhc acids of chain length Ci to C24, for example cetearyl glucoside, caprylyl/capryl glucoside, decyl glucoside, sucrose laurate and mynstate, sucrose cocoate, but in particular also the sugar acetates, preferably those of the above sugars.
The sugar ethers of sugars, in particular of the above sugars, with mono-and polyhydnc alcohols of chain length C1 to C24, e g Plantaren® 1200 (Henkel) or Plantaren® 2000 (Henkel) are also preferred.
The reaction products of sugars with ethylene oxide and/or propylene oxide, for example, preferably with the above sugars are also suitable E/O or P/O levels of one to 40 ether units are suitable
The polysaccharides can be straight-chain or branched and both the homopolysacchandes and the heteropolysaccharides are suitable, in each case in particular with those sugars as described above. Preferred polysaccharides are starch, glycogen, cellulose, dextran, tunicin, inulin, chitin, in particular chitosans, chitin hydrolysed products, alginic acid and alginates, plant gums, body muci, pectins, mannans, galactans, xylans, araban, polyoses, chondroitin sulphates, heparin, hyaluronic acid and glycosaminoglycans, hemicelluloses, substituted cellulose and substituted starch, in particular the hydroxyalkyl-substituted polysaccharides in each case.
Amylose, amylopectin, xanthan, α-, ß- and γ-dextnn are particularly suitable The polysaccharides can consist of, for example, 4 to 1 000 000, in particular 10 to 100 000, monosaccharides Preferably, in each case those chain lengths are selected which guarantee that the active compound is soluble in the preparation concerned or can be incorporated therein
Sphingolipids such as sphingosine; N-monoalkylated sphingosines, N,N-dialkylated sphingosines, sphingosine 1-phosphate, sphingosine 1-sulphate; psychosine (sphingosine-ß-D-galactopyranoside), sphingosylphosphorylcholine, lysosulphatides (sphingosyl galactosyl sulphate; lysocerebroside sulphate), lecithin, sphingomyelin and sphinganine.
It is also possible to use so-called "natural" antibacterial active compounds; these are mostly essential oils Typical oils having an antibacterial action are, for example, oils obtained from aniseed, lemon, orange, rosemary, wmtergreen, thyme, lavender, hops, citronella, wheat, lemongrass, cedarwood, cinnamon, geranium, sandalwood, violet, eucalyptus, peppermint, gum benzoin, basil, fennel, menthol and Ocmea origanum, Hydastis canadensis, Berbendaceae daceae, Ratanhiae or Curcuma longa.
Important antimicrobially active substances that can be found in essential oils are, for example, anethole, catechol, camphene, carvacrol, eugenol, eucalyptol, ferulic acid, farnesol, hinokitiol (sic), tropolone, limonene, menthol, methyl salicylate, thymol, terpineol, verbenone, berberine, curcumin, caryophyllene oxide, nerolidol and geraniol.
It is also possible to use mixtures of the said active systems or active ingredients and also active ingredient combinations contain (sic) these active compounds.
The amount of active compounds in the preparations is preferably 0 01 to 20% (m/m), based on the total weight of the preparations, particularly preferentially 0 05 - 10% (m/m).
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can contain insect repellents, i.e active compounds against insects ("repellents") repellents are agents which are intended to prevent insects coming into contact with the skin and becoming active thereon They drive away the animals and evaporate slowly. The most frequently used repellent is diethyl toluamide (DEET) Further customary repellents can be found in "Pflegekosmetik" [Treatment Cosmetics], W. Raab, U Kindl, Gustav-Fischer-Verlag Stuttgart/New York, 1991, p. 161, and Ullmann's Encyclopedia of Industrial Chemistry, VCH Weinheim 1989, Vol A14, pp. 305-308
Natural repellents, such as aniseed oil, bergamot oil, cedarwood oil, citronella oil, citrus peel oils, eucalyptus oil, spruce needle oil, lavandin oil, lavender oil, Leptospermum petersonii oil, bay leaf oil, massoi oil, Mentha arvensis oil, nutmeg oil, clove leaf oil, clove flower oil, neroli oil, origanum oil, peppermint oil, pennyroyal oil, spike lavender oil, tagetes oil, tea tree oil, thyme oil, vetiver oil, cinnamon leaf oil and cinnamon bark oil or mixtures thereof, fragrances such as δ-decalactone, γ-decalactone, δ-dodecalactone, -dodecalactone, (E,Z)-2,6-nonadienal, 5-nonalactone, γ-nonalactone, δ-octalactone, γ-octalactone, α-phellandrene, δ-undecalactone, γ-undecalactone, 1,8-cineol, 1-phenyl-1,3-propanediol, 2-nonenal, 3,4-dihydrocoumann, 3,8-p-menthanediol, 4a,5,6,7,8,8α-hexahydrocoumann, 8-acetoxγ-2-menthanone, benzyl benzoate, camphor, citronellol, coumann, geraniol, linalool, octahydrocoumann, pipentone, pulegone, hexylcinnamaldehyde (3-hexyl-3-phenyl-2-propenal), cinnamaldehyde, coniferyl aldehyde or mixtures thereof, synthetic repellents, such as N,N-diethyltoluamide (N,N-diethyl-3-methylbenzamide, DEET), bis-(dimethylthiocarbamoyl) disulphide (thiram), ethylene-bis(dithiocarbamic acid) disodium salt (nabam), butoxypoly(propylene glycol), N-butylacetanilide, 2,3,4,5-bis(butyl-2-ene)tetrahydrofurfural, butyl 3,4-dihydro-2,2-dimethyl-4-oxo-2H-pyran-6-carboxylate, dibutyl adiptate, di-n-butyl succinate, 2-butyl-2-ethyl-1,3-propanediol, di-n-propylpyndine
2,5-dicarboxylate, isobutyl 2-(2-hydroxyethyl)pipendine-1-carboxylate, dibutyl phthalate, dimethyl phthalate, indalone and 2-ethyl-1,3-hexanediol or mixtures thereof can be used
Isobutyl 2-(2-hydroxyethyl)piperidine-1-carboxylate and N,N-diethyltoluamide or repellent mixtures containing these compounds are particularly preferred
Further suitable insecticide classes which may be mentioned are. synthetic pyrethroids (e g. chrysanthemates and analogues thereof) or natural pyrethroids (e.g pyrethrins, cinerins, jasmolins), phenyl acetate esters, dinitrophenols and derivatives thereof, juvenoids (such as, for example, substituted 2,6-nonadienoates or 2,4-dodecadienoates), ethyl [2-(4-phenoxyphenoxy)-ethyl]carbamate, 2-ethyl-3-[3-ethyl-5-(4-ethylphenoxy)-pentyl]-2-methyloxirane, rotenones (eg elliptone, sumatrol, 15-hydroxyrotenone, malaccol, L-a-toxicarol, 15-hydroxyelhptone, deguelin), sabadilla preparations obtainable from ground seeds of Schoenocaulon officinale (Liliaceae), preparations obtainable from Ryania speciosa (Flacourtiaceae), ryanodin, azadirachtin, extracts of the neem tree (Azadirachta indica), organophosphorus insecticides, such as, for example, phosphoric anhydrides, vinyl phosphates, aliphatic phosphorothioates, phosphorothioates of phenols, phosphonothioates of phenols, organophosphonc acid esters and dimethylcarbamates of heterocyclic enols. It is possible to use mixtures or combinations of the said repellents
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can contain deodorants, i e active compounds having a deodorant and antiperspirant action. These include antiperspirants based on aluminium, zirconium or zinc salts, deodorants, bactericides or bacteriostatic deodorising substances, such as, for example, tnclosan, hexachlorophene, tnclocarban, contain alcohols
and cationic substances, such as, for example, quaternary ammonium salts and odour absorbers, such as, for example, ®Grillocin (combination of zinc ncinoleate and various additives) ortnethyl citrate, optionally in combination with an antioxidant, such as, for example, butyl-hydroxytoluene or ion exchange resins In so-called antiperspirants, the formation of perspiration can be suppressed by astringents -predominantly aluminium salts, such as aluminium hydroxychlonde (aluminium chlorohydrate).
According to the invention, the multiphase soaps can contain antioxidants or preservatives. Antioxidants or preservatives that can be used are all antioxidants suitable or customary for cosmetic and/or dermatological applications.
The antioxidants are advantageously chosen from the group consisting of amino acids (e.g. glycine, histidine, tyrosine, tryptophan) and derivatives thereof, imidazoles (e g urocanic acid) and derivatives thereof, peptides, such as D,L-camosine, D-carnosine, L-carnosine and derivatives thereof (e g. anserine), carotenoids, carotenes (e g a-carotene, ß-carotene, lycopene) and derivatives thereof, hpoic acid and derivatives thereof (e g dihydrohpoic acid), aurothioglucose, propylthiouracil and other thiols (e g thioredoxin, glutathione, cysteine, cystine, cystamine and the glycosyl, N-acetyl, methyl, ethyl, propyl, amyl, butyl and lauryl, palmitoyl, oleyl, -linoleyl, cholesteryl, glyceryl and oligoglyceryl esters thereof) and salts thereof, dilauryl thiodipropionate, distearyl thiodipropionate, thiodipropionic acid and derivatives thereof (esters, ethers, peptides, lipids, nucleotides, nucleosides and salts), and sulphoximine compounds (e.g. buthionine sulphoximines, homocysteine sulphoximine, buthionine sulphones, penta-, hexa- and heptathionine sulphoximine) in very low tolerated doses (e.g. pmol to nmol/kg), also (metal) chelating agents (e g α-hydroxy fatty acids, palmitic acid, phytic acid, lactofemn, α-hydroxy acids (e g citric acid, lactic
acid, malic acid), humic acid, bile acid, bile extracts, tannins, bilirubin, bihverdin, EDTA, EGTA and derivatives thereof, unsaturated fatty acids and derivatives thereof (e g -linolenic acid, linoleic acid, oleic acid) folic acid and derivatives thereof, ubiquinone and ubiquinol and derivatives thereof, vitamin C and derivatives (e.g. ascorbyl palmitate, Mg ascorbyl phosphate, ascorbyl acetate), tocopherols and derivatives (e g. vitamin E acetate), vitamin A and derivatives (vitamin A palmitate), and coniferyl benzoate of benzoin resin, rutmic acid and derivatives thereof, feruiic acid and derivatives thereof, caffeic acid and derivatives thereof, sinapic acid and derivatives thereof, curcuminoids and derivatives thereof, retinoids, ursolic acid, levulinic acid, butylhydroxytoluene, butylhydroxyanisole, nordihydroguaiacic acid, nordihydroguaiaretic acid, trihydroxybutyrophenone, uric acid and derivatives thereof, mannose and derivatives thereof, zinc and derivatives thereof, (e.g. ZnO, ZnS04), selenium and derivatives thereof (e g selenomethionine), stilbenes and derivatives thereof (e.g. stilbene oxide, trans-stilbene oxide) and the derivatives (salts, esters, ethers, sugars, nucleotides, nucleosides, peptides and lipids) of the said active compounds which are suitable according to the invention Natural extracts, e g from green tea, algae, grape seeds, wheatgerms, rosemary, flavonoids, quercetin, phenolic benzylamines
Coenzymes, such as, for example, coenzyme Q10, plastoquinone, menaquinone, ubiquinols 1-10, ubiquinones 1-10 or derivatives of these substances are also suitable
The amount of antioxidants (one or more compounds) in the preparations is preferably 0 01 to 20% (m/m), particularly preferentially 0 05 -10% (m/m) and in particular 0 2 - 5% (m/m), based on the total weight of the preparation
Insofar as vitamin E and/or derivatives thereof constitute the antioxidant(s), it is advantageous to choose their particular concentrations from the range of 0 001 to 10% (m/m), based on the total weight of the formulation
Insofar as vitamin A or vitamin A derivatives, or carotenes or derivatives thereof constitute the antioxidant(s), it is advantageous to choose their particular concentrations from the range of 0.001 to 10% (m/m), based on the total weight of the formulation
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can contain moisture regulators. The moisture regulators ("moistunsers") used are, for example, the following substances- sodium lactate, urea, alcohols, sorbitol, glycerol, propylene glycol, collagen, elastin or hyaluronic acid, diacyl adipates, petrolatum, ectoin, urocanic acid, lecithin, pantheol, phytantnol, lycopene, algae extract, ceramides, cholesterol, glycolipids, chitosan, chondroitin sulphate, polyamino acids and sugars, lanolin, lanolin esters, ammo acids, alpha-hydroxy acids (e g citric acid, lactic acid, malic acid) and derivatives thereof, sugars (e g. inositol), alpha-hydroxy fatty acids, phytosterols, triterpene acids, such as betulinic acid or ursolic acid, algae extracts
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can [lacuna] skin-lightening substances, such as, for example, ascorbyl phosphate, alpha-hydroxy acids (e g citric acid, lactic acid, malic acid) and derivatives thereof, inhibitors of the nitrogen oxide synthesis, such as, for example, L-nitroarginine and derivatives thereof, 2,7-dinitroindazole or thiocitrulline, metal chelating agents (e.g. a-hydroxy fatty acids, palmitic acid, phytic acid, lactofernn, a-hydroxy acids (e g. citric acid, lactic acid, malic acid), humic acid, bile acid, bile extracts, bilirubin, biliverdin, EDTA, EGTA and derivatives thereof, arbutin, kojicacid, hydroquinone, resorcinol, flavonoids, retinoids, soya milk, serine protease inhibitors or hpoic acid.
It is also advantageous to incorporate active compounds from the group comprising fat restoring substances, such as, for example, Purcellinol®, Eucerit® and Neocerit® into the multiphase soaps
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can also contain skin-regenerating complexes (skin repair complex), which are obtainable, for example, from inactivated and disintegrated cultures of bacteria of the Bifidus group
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can also contain self-tanning agents, such as dihydroxyacetone, glyceraldehyde, indole and derivatives thereof
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can contain active compounds having a keratoplastic effect, such as, for example, benzoyl peroxide, retinoic acid, colloidal sulphur or resorcinol
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can contain hair-smoothing agents Hair-smoothing agents in the sense of the invention are substances which lead to the human or animal hair being smoothed Suitable hair-smoothing agents are, for example, ammonium hydroxide, ammonium thioglycolate, calcium hydroxide and sodium hydroxide
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can contain depilatory agents Depilatory agents in the sense of the invention are substances which lead to human or animal hair being removed from the skin
Suitable depilatory agents are, for example, barium sulphide, magnesium thioglycolate, strontium sulphide, calcium sulphide, thiopropionic acid, strontium thioglycolate, calcium thioglycolate, potassium sulphide, thioglycerol, ethanolamine thioglycolate, potassium thioglycolate,
thioglycolic acid, lithium sulphide, sodium sulphide, thiolactic acid, magnesium sulphide, ammonium thioglycolate and sodium thioglycolate
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can also contain antidandruff active compounds, such as, for example, climbazole, ketoconazole or zinc pynthione
According to the invention, the active compounds contained in the multiphase soaps can likewise advantageously be selected from the following group, oily or oil-soluble active compounds being preferred acetylsalicylic acid, atropine, azulene, hydrocortisone and derivatives thereof, e g hydrocortisone 17-valerate, vitamins, e g vitamin A and derivatives, ascorbic acid and derivatives thereof, vitamins of the B and D series, very beneficially vitamin Bi, vitamin B12, niacinamide (nicotinamide), vitamin D1, vitamin E (tocopherol) and derivatives thereof, vitamin F, panthenol, pantothenic acid, folic acid, and combinations thereof, but also bisabolol, unsaturated fatty acids, specifically the essential fatty acids (often also called vitamin F), in particular y-linolenic acid, oleic acid, eicosapentaenoic acid, docosahexaenoic acid and derivatives thereof, chloramphenicol, caffeine, prostaglandins, thymol, camphor, extracts or other products of vegetable and animal origin, e g evening primrose oil, borage oil or currant seed oil, fish oils, cod-liver oil or also ceramides and ceramide-like compounds and so on, vitamin-based extracts: active compound compositions primarily with vitamin A, C, E, B-i, B12, folic acid and biotin, amino acids and ferments, and compounds of the trace elements magnesium, silicon, phosphorus, calcium, manganese, iron or copper.
Vitamins, such as, for example, vitamins A and E, can be incorporated to vitalise the skin
Substances with a warming effect, such as, for example, capsaicin, dihydrocapsaicin; gingerol, paradol, shogaol; pipenn, paprika powder, chilli pepper powder, extracts of paprika, extracts of pepper; extracts of chilli pepper, extracts of root ginger, extracts of Aframomum melgueta, extracts of spilanthesacmella; extracts from Kaempfena galanga, extracts of Alpinia galanga, carboxylic acid N-vanillylamides, in particular nonanoic acid N-vanillylamide; 2-nonenoic acid amides, in particular 2-nonenoic acid N-isobutylamide; 2-nonenoic acid N-4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenylamide, alky) ethers of 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl alcohol, in particular 4-hydroxy-3-methoxybenzyl n-butyl ether; alkyl ethers of 3-hydroxy-4-methoxybenzyl alcohol, alkyl ethers of 3,4-dimethoxybenzyl alcohol; alkyl ethers of 3-ethoxy-4-hydroxybenzyl alcohol, alkyl ethers of 3,4-methylenedioxybenzyl alcohol; (4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)acetamides, in particular (4-hydroxy-3-methoxyphenyl)acetic acid N-n-octylamide; nicotinaldehyde; methyl nicotinate, propyl nicotinate, 2-butoxyethyl nicotinate, benzyl nicotinate and 1-acetoxychavicol can advantageously be incorporated into the multiphase soaps according to the invention
In addition, the following ingredients and materials, for example, are possible- vegetable waxes and oils, such as, for example, cocoa butter, almond oil, avocado oil or jojoba oil for improving the feel of the skin, vegetable extracts, minerals, stabilisers, such as, for example, DTPA and EDTA, filling materials, such as, for example, starch and cellulose, hardeners, such as, for example, sodium chloride and sodium sulphate It may also be possible and advantageous to incorporate pharmaceutical active compounds into the preparations according to the invention. According to the invention, in principle all classes of active compound are suitable. Examples are. antihistamines, antiphlogistics, antibiotics, antimycotics, active compounds which promote the circulation, keratolyses, hormones or steroids.
Substances to protect against chemical and mechanical influences can advantageously be incorporated into the multiphase soaps according to the invention. These substances include substances which form a barrier between the skin and external noxae, such as, for example, paraffin oils, silicone oils, vegetable oils, PCL products and lanolin for protection against aqueous solutions, film formers, such as sodium alginate, triethanolamine alginate, polyacrylates, polyvinyl alcohol or cellulose ethers against the effect of organic solvents, or substances based on mineral oils, vegetable oils or silicone oils as "lubricants" against severe mechanical stresses on the skin.
Abrasives customary in cosmetic and dermatological preparations can be used in the multiphase soaps according to the invention Natural or synthetic minerals which can have an abrading or abrasive action are, for example, dolomite, calcium carbonate, aragonite, feldspars, aluminium oxide, silicon dioxide, quartz, quarzite, gypsum, pumice, calcite, limestone, lime, artificial marble, marble, zirconium oxide, titanium dioxide, talc, sand, quartz sand, zirconium silicate, bentonites, precipitated chalk, magnesium carbonate, almond, peach and apricot kernel flour, wheatgerm flour, rice cornflour, olive kernel flour and walnut kernel flour Pumice, calcite, limestone, lime, chalk, artificial marble or marble is particularly suitable
The hardness of the abrasive is preferably in the range from 1 to 4 on the Mohs' scale The particle size is advantageously in the range 1 to 70, preferably in the range 1 to 60 and particularly preferentially in the range 1 to 50 micrometres The total amount of abrasives (one or more) in the preparations is preferably 1 to 30% (m/m), preferentially 10 - 20% (m/m), based on the total weight of the preparation
It is also possible to incorporate three-dimensional objects into the multiphase soaps For the purposes of the invention, three-dimensional
objects are objects of any shape For example, it is possible to incorporate round, oval, rectangular, square, spherical, ellipsoidal, cuboid, helical or irregularly shaped objects into soaps
In general, the three-dimensional objects can serve for advertising purposes, as toys, e g in the form of figures, for unambiguous identification of a brand, as collectable objects or as identifying object in the case of prize competitions.
The use of one or more three-dimensional objects, which consist of one or more different materials, in one, in two or more, simultaneously in several soap phases, or in one or more soap phases and simultaneously outside the soap is also preferred
These three-dimensional objects are preferably incorporated in the transparent part in order to obtain a visual experience right from the start of use of the soap It is also preferred to incorporate these three-dimensional objects into the opaque part in order to achieve a surprise effect as the soap is washed away
The incorporated three-dimensional objects should not have an adverse interaction with the multiphase soap, but can, for example, have a beneficial influence on the stability
The three-dimensional objects can be made from a very wide variety of materials. Thus, for example, the objects can be made of soap composition, plastic, metal, ceramic, wood, textiles, glass, minerals, parts of plants, leather, cardboard or paper
The use of plastics such as, for example, polyurethanes, polyethylenes, polypropylenes, polystyrenes, polyacrylates and the like is preferred
The use of metals, such as, for example, steel, copper, titanium, gold, silver, platinum, brass, bronze and aluminium is preferred
The use of ceramics made from, for example, porcelains and clays is preferred
The use of woods, such as, for example, teak, mahogany, oak, ebony, pine, spruce, beech, birch, cherry, walnut, meranti, yew and ash is preferred.
When using textiles, natural fibres, e g cotton, silk, shear wool or artificial fibres in the form of textiles, which are located both within and also outside the bar of soap are preferred.
The use of normal minerals such as, for example, granite, sandstone, quartz, and also precious minerals, such as, for example, ruby, emerald, topaz, diamond or amethyst is preferred
The use of parts of plants such as, for example, flowers, leaves, fruits, seeds, roots, rinds and stems of a very wide variety of plants is preferred
The use of leathers of natural texture or of embossed leathers from, for example, snakes, crocodiles, cattle, pigs and sheep is preferred
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can be packaged in known packaging systems, such as, for example, wrappers, hard cardboard, tubes and blister packs Here the type of packaging ensures that the multiphase soap remains undamaged in shape and appearance
The packaging systems can enclose the multiphase soap either tightly or loosely. Various materials, such as paper, cardboard, plastic, textiles or wood, or combinations thereof, can be used for this purpose
The packaging systems can be flexible in their design, such as, for example, films or papers, or rigid, such as, for example, hard paper or plastic cases Combinations of flexible and rigid packaging can also be used
The multiphase soaps according to the invention can either be packaged individually or with several together In the case of several bars of soap in one packaging, the individual bars of soap can also each be packaged separately
The packaging materials can be transparent, such as, for example, plastic films, semi-transparent, such as, for example, plastic films or papers, non-transparent, such as, for example, papers or cardboards In addition, combinations of transparent, semi-transparent or non-transparent packagings are also suitable for multiphase soaps
Packaging systems for the multiphase soaps in which the multiphase nature of the bar of soap can already be discerned through the transparent, partially transparent or semitransparent packaging material are preferred In addition, packaging systems in which the bar of multiphase soap can be discerned by printing on the non-transparent packaging are prferred.
A method for the preparation of the multiphase soaps according to the invention has also been found, which is characterised in that the individual phases in the form of soap strands are cut straight diagonally at an angle
of from 14° to 70°, in particular 30 to 55°, and the cut faces are joined under pressure so that cambering results at the cut faces
The phases at the cut faces are preferably joined using a pressure of from 4 to 10 bar or with a pressing weight of 1 0 to 2.0 t. A particularly preferred cambering of the cut faces is produced under these conditions
The soap strands are prepared in a manner known per se: after the addition of additives to the soap base, milling and extrusion are carried out. Furthermore, in the case of industrial production, the additives can be added during extrusion (Soaps and Detergents, Luis Spitz, 0-935315-72-1 and Production of Soap, D Osteroth, 3-921956-55-2)
The multiphase soaps according to the present invention can be illustrated using the example in Figure 3: Figure 3 shows a perspective view and a plan view of the multiphase soap according to the invention The different phases are labelled 1 and 2. The figure also shows the cambering of the two phases.
The multiphase soaps according to the invention surprisingly have high stability and can beneficially be prepared in large bar numbers
Taking a rounded standard soap shape (Figs 1a and 1b perspective view of a standard soap) with a length of 7 4 cm, a height of 1.8 cm and a width of 5 4 cm as an example, the cut face shapes according to the present invention in the longitudinal and in the transverse direction of the multiphase soap are described below (Fig 3 transverse type centre cut, perspective view and Fig 4 longitudinal type centre cut, perspective view) This is only one application example since the various soap shapes can clearly vary in their length, height and width
A bar of soap of standard shape can be divided into two or more parts. In the sense of the invention, this division takes place in the direction of the longitudinal or transverse axis of the bar of soap at an angle of between 0 and 90°. This results in bars of soap with different types of cut (Fig. 5 transverse type centre cut, side and plan view and Fig. 6 longitudinal type centre cut, side and plan view, various angles of cut) and different ratios of the plan view surface areas of the individual soap phases The actual angle of cut is obtained as a result of the surface area ratios to be achieved, which are necessary for discerning the a (sic) individual soap phases. As a function of the ratio of the height to the length of the standard soap described of about 3 44, an angle of the cut surface between the soap phases of about 14° to 60° is then obtained for the transverse type and an angle of about 20° to 70° for the longitudinal type This new angle of cut varies depending on the shape of the soap and technically is a novel requirement for the preparation of the soap and clearly differs from the customary angle of cut of 0° (horizontal cut, Fig. 2) or 90° (vertical cut, Figs 7 and 8).
In a two-phase soap of the new diagonal type, the quantitative ratio of the two phases is identical (irrespective of the cutting direction and the angle
of cut) insofar as the cutting point passes through the mid point of the soap (Fig 5 transverse type centre cut, side and plan view, various angles of cut and Fig. 6 longitudinal type, centre cut, side and plan view, various angles of cut) If the cutting point in the case of a two-phase soap of the novel diagonal type lies outside the mid point, for example as a result of horizontal or vertical shifting of the cut surface, a bar of soap with phases of different sizes results (Fig. 9 transverse type of offset cut).
Application test:
1. Test to determine the strength of various multiphase soaps:
The mechanical strength of a soap is of importance for its suitability during daily use It is demonstrated that multiphase soaps with a diagonal cut are able to withstand greater stress than would be expected on the basis of the cut surface area and, in particular, are able to withstand greater stress than soaps with a straight vertical cut (Fig. 7/8) By means of a device (Fig. 11), fracture tests with weights were carried out on soaps of different design types and different combinations of soap formulation The device has a lever arm (5), which on one side has a plate (3) on which the weights for placing the soap (4) under stress can be placed On the other side, the lever arm is pivotably mounted The bar of soap (4) is supported by a flexible mounting (6) The device loads the bar of soap (4) in the centre in order to simulate stress in daily use, e g , simple falling to the ground The bars of soap were loaded in a chronological sequence of ten seconds in each case with weights from five kg upwards in 0 5 kg steps. Insofar as a weight was held, the soap was loaded with further weight until the soap fractures
Table Fracture stability
(Table Removed)
It can be seen that the types of soap with the diagonal design can be subjected to significantly higher loading, and that therefore there is considerably greater strength in daily use The results of the fracture tests were confirmed by consumers during daily use
2. Preference test with regard to design:
Consumer preference was carried out in a comparison test with the three types of soap: horizontal cut (Fig. 2), vertical cut (Fig. 8) and the diagonal cut according to the invention (Fig 3). Of the 100 people questioned, three of those questioned preferred the vertical cut type, four of those questioned preferred the horizontal cut type and 93 of those questioned preferred the novel diagonal cut type This means that the novel design was selected with a significance of > 99.9%
Because of the novelty of the harmonious combination of two soap phases, there is interest in an application
3. Preference test with regard to scent:
Consumer preference for scent was carried out in a comparison test with two bars of two-phase soap a bar of two-phase soap A (equal proportions by area, diagonal cut through the central point, Fig 3) with two different perfumes was compared with another bar of soap B of identical construction which had been perfumed with a 1 1 mixture of these two compositions The perfume concentration was 1 % in both bars of soap
It was found that the scent has a more intensive action in the bar of soap A containing the separate perfume oils. Both perfume oils were perceived in parallel. The scent acquires an additional dimension.
4. Formulation:
In addition to the perfume oil, soaps also contain active compounds, such as cooling substances, UV filters, antibacterial active compounds, deodorants and others These active compounds are often expensive and are therefore incorporated into soaps only in small amounts The concentration of the individual active ingredients is often below the limit for effectiveness In the novel two- or multiphase soap it is possible to incorporate such an active compounds (sic) in a targeted manner into one of the soap phases As a result of the concentration of active compounds in one part of the soap, increased effectiveness is achieved in the case of targeted application of the one soap phase.
5. Discernibility tests:
To achieve a visible effect in a multiphase soap, a certain proportion of the two phases must be discernible when the soap viewed from above or from
a customary viewing angle of about 45° Three tests for the spontaneous discernment of multiphase soaps are described below
The first soap phase is defined as the soap phase with the largest visible portion based on the area of soap projected in plan view The second soap phase is the soap phase with the second largest visible portion. The visible portion of the second and subsequent soap phases is expressed as the ratio of the projected area of the soap to the first soap phase or as a percentage of the total surface area
Tests for soaps of the new diagonal type to determine the spontaneous discernment effect of multiphase soaps, six different test groups each of 20 participants were shown the bar of soap to be assessed (colour combination green/white, Fig 3) for three seconds viewed from above from a distance of one metre. The participants were then asked about what they had seen and for the number of different soap phases. In these consumer-oriented tests, it was found that there is a very good discernment effect for the diagonal soap type (transverse type second phase at one end) if, in plan view, the ratio of the surface area of the first soap phase to that of the second soap phase is above about 5 6 1 or if the proportion of the second soap phase in the total surface area is about 15% Below a proportion of 10%, the spontaneous discernment clearly decreases (see Table "Discernment rate of multiphase soaps test 2") A poor discernment effect is found if a bar of two-phase soap with the horizontal design (Fig 2, colour combination green-white) is viewed from a viewing angle of about 45° With this type of two-phase soap, it is not possible to discern the two phases when viewed directly from above At a viewing angle of 45° a ratio of 1 12 5 or about 8% of the visible area for the second soap phase again results.
Discernment of several phases of a soap (Fig 3 diagonal type according to the invention) as a function of the ratios of the surface areas of the individual soap phase (sic) in plan view
(Table Removed)
Formulation section for different types of soap
For the preparation of multiphase soaps it is possible to use, for example, alkali metal soaps, syndets or combinations of the two as soap bases In the case of all combinations of the soap bases, the water content of the individual soap formulations must be taken into consideration Because of the differing shrinkage of the individual soap formulations, separation at the contact surface and thus breaking of the soap can occur By means of suitable adjustment of the water content in the individual soap formulations and the new diagonal design it is possible to use numerous combinations of soap formulations for the preparation of stable multiphase soaps
Since these so-called solid skin-cleansing agents can, by virtue of different additives and a special method of preparation, also be prepared in
transparent or opaque form, it is possible to prepare a very wide variety of combinations, including, of course, coloured ones
Using the multiphase soaps, it is possible to prepare complementary scents which would lead to discoloration in pure white soaps In the preparation of multiphase soaps, the perfume oil constituents which can lead to discoloration are incorporated in the coloured fraction Perfume oil constituents which tend to produce turbidity in transparent soap are incorporated in the opaque or non-transparent phase
Method of preparation
The preparation of soaps is known (Soaps and Detergents, Luis Spitz, 0-935315-72-1 and Production of Soap, D Osteroth, 3-921956-55-2) The preparation of the novel multiphase soaps was carried out as described in the following method by way of example: first of all the additives described above, such as perfume oil, cosmetic ingredients, dyes, stabilisers and further additives, are added to the soap bases and the mixtures are then milled The soap compositions were then extruded at a jacket temperature of about 22°C and a head temperature of about 45°C
The soap strands obtained in this way are cut to the soap shape The same is carried out for the soap strands of the second soap phase. The two soap strands are then cut parallel and diagonally in accordance with the subsequent cut shape and design type at an angle of from 14° to 70° Prior to the stamping operation, the soap strands prepared in this way are aligned over the soap shape. The stamping operation was carried out, depending on the type of soap stamping machine used, with a pressing weight of from about 1 0 to 2.0 t or a pressing force of from 4 to 10 bar During this stamping operation, both soap compositions have a temperature of about 40 to 50X

Reference list
Figure 1a, 1b
Single-phase standard soap 1a plan view 1 b perspective view
Figure 2
Soap with horizontal soap layers according to DE-A 3 154 813
1 phase 1
2 phase 2
Figure 3 (according to the invention) Two-phase soap with transverse cut
1 phase 1
2 phase 2
Figure 4
Two-phase soap with longitudinal cut
1 phase 1
2 phase 2
Figure 5
Muhtphase soap with various angles of cut
(transverse type, centre cut, side view and plan view)
Figure 6
Muhtphase soap with various angles of cut
(longitudinal type, centre cut, side view and plan view)
Figure 7
Longitudinal cut through two-phase soap
Figure 7a
Diagonal cut through two-phase soap
Figure 8
Transverse cut through two-phase soap
Figure 9
Transverse type, offset cut through two-phase soap
Figure 10
Measuring device for fracture tests
3. lever arm
4 plate
5 weights for loading the soap
6 pivotable bearing of the lever arm
Figure 11
Three-phase soap with offset cut

1. A multiphase soap consisting of two or more phases, wherein said two or more phases are visible when viewed from above and from the side, characterized in that said soap can be prepared by a method in which the individual phases in the form of soap strands are cut straight diagonally at an angle of 14° to 70°, and wherein the points of intersection of said phases are joint under pressure so that cambering arises at said points of intersection.
2. A soap as claimed in claim 1, wherein each phase is visible in the vertical, longitudinal and transverse projection to at least 15% based on the overall projected area.
3. A soap as claimed in claim 1, wherein each phase is visible in the vertical, longitudinal and transverse projection to at least 20% based on the overall projected area.
4. A soap as claimed in claim 1, wherein each phase comprises different perfume oils, cosmetic ingredients, active ingredients, dyes and/or further additives.
5. A process for the preparation of multiphase soap as claimed in claim 1, comprising the step of diagonally cutting in the form of soap strands the individual phases at an angle of from 14° to 70°, and the points of intersection are joined under pressure so that cambering arises at the points of intersection.
6. A process as claimed in claim 5, wherein the angle is 30° to 55°, and the points of intersection are joined under pressure so that cambering arises at the points of intersection.






396-delnp-2003-description (complete).pdf













Patent Number 244745
Indian Patent Application Number 396/DELNP/2003
PG Journal Number 52/2010
Publication Date 24-Dec-2010
Grant Date 17-Dec-2010
Date of Filing 17-Mar-2003
Name of Patentee SYMRISE GMBH & CO.KG
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
PCT International Classification Number C11D 13/14
PCT International Application Number PCT/EP2001/10304
PCT International Filing date 2001-09-07
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 100 46 469.6 2000-09-20 Germany