|Title of Invention||
NON-INVASIVE BASEMENT CREATION TECHNIQUE
|Abstract||The invention thus illustrates a method of creating unlimited real estate under the surface of vacant land, in the form of basement by using bullet-beam-jacking technique along with components like shaft, two guide beams, bullet beams, base plates, cross beams and steel stanchinons.|
|Full Text||Field of Invention:
This invention relates to the field of civil engineering used for creating unlimited real estate under the surface of vacant lands by adopting Non-Invasive Basement Creation Technique.
Background of the invention:
There is a tremendous need for additional land space in busy areas in all the major cities in the world. The supply of land is limited and the demand for various uses like commercial complexes, residences, drive ways, parking etc, is increasing day be day with rapid urbanization. Due to this reason, the real estate market is booming the world over and the prices of lands have sky rocketed in all the prime areas in almost all cities. Further horizontal and vertical expansion has become highly expensive in many cities. Besides, being unsafe, expensive, the vertical expansions cannot go beyond a point and it has its own disadvantages and limitations. It is prone to natural calamities like earth quake, Hurricane and incidents like 9/11 etc.
Draw Back in the Prior Art:
In the presently existing technology, basements are created by cut and cover method, i.e. by excavating the earth from the road level to the required depth and creating a basement for roads, shopping, pipe laying etc and closing the earth up to surface level.
The existing method is not only expensive but also cumbersome, time consuming, dislocates the services and the road surface is closed for active use until the work is completed. On account of massive modernization of cities and high density of population, the problem is further aggravated during the course of work. There is a need to find an alternative solution wherein the basement could be created without affecting the surface.
Object of the Invention:
The main object of the invention is to create unlimited real estate by creating basements at any desired depths under any open surface like roads, vacant land, parks etc. without disturbing the land life and the movement of vehicles and people on the upper surface even for a day. The present invention is also used to create one or many basements by adopting non-invasive technology with less cost compared to other techniques.
By the present invention the land retrieved can be made use to meet the demand for real estate for the present and future needs also.
Another parallel city or even a world can be created under the surface of open lands by adopting this technology.
Brief Description of the Invention:
The present invention illustrates the method of creating unlimited real estate under the surface of vacant land by using bullet beam jacking technique (B.B J.Technique). After identifying the depth and location of all the service lines, the road is cut to make a trench to a depth of 1.50m below the service lines parallel to the road and a shaft of dimension (8mi X 10mi ) is inserted on the side walkway. The excavated sides are protected by providing shoring and shuttering etc.
Two guide beams (Steel 1 Section girders) are provided across the shaft parallel to the road to facilitate proper alignment of bullet beams. The guide beams may be provided on vertical columns of size fitted with base plates and bracing as showing in the figure.
6.00m long bullet beams of size 200 X 200 X 100mm are inserted through the edge beam at the design spacing of 1.00m centre to centre and the reaction of jacking is obtained from the wall.
Bullet beams of the same size can be added further by Butt-welding till it reaches the required length i.e. from one side of the road (foot path) to the other side (foot path).
Steel plates of 3 mm thick are inserted between the bottom flanges of the bullet beams. The soil is then scooped for a length of 1.00m below the bullet beams from the edge.
A steel stanchion of size as per design dimensions at designated locations say 6.00m centre to centre is introduced and a cross beam of designed dimensions 300X450X15mm connecting all the bullet beams on their bottom side and the stanchion is inserted. The bullet beam, cross beam and the stanchion or thoroughly welded together. The soil is scooped to a further length of about 6m repeatedly and the stanchion and cross beams introduced at every 6.00m until the other end of the road width is reached.
A canopy with all steel members is thus created and the above mentioned operation is repeated on both sides of it in the perpendicular direction i.e. on the longitudinal direction of the road until a basement of required length and width is formed by deploying bullet beams, cross beams and steel stanchions as stated above. Concrete flooring can be provided for the entire area.
Ramps are provided for entry and exit of the vehicles as well and stairs or lifts for vertical movement of men and material from besement to ground level and vice versa at intermittent places.
Necessary blowers and exhausts for ventilation. AC facility, lighting facility etc. can be planned and provided as per the requirements.
The basement thus created could be used for carving out roads, parking, green house parks, commercial establishment and even residences and a parallel city if needed or desired.
By providing multiple level basements (at least two levels) an additional 200% of parallel lands are can be created to satisfy all our needs both present and future.
The above-mentioned technique is subjected to certain limitations and hindrances may occur which are discussed herein.
If rock is met, it can be dealt with by chiseling or cutting. If ground water is encountered, it could be collected and pumped out by resorting to well pointing dewatering and could be even prevented by adopting epoxy treatment as done in any other basement. Since it is a monolithic steel structure, it could be designed to withstand earthquakes.
The surface water entry through ramps can be diverted by providing a deep suction pit and pumping out the same.
The utility pipes could be identified and safeguarded by isolating them and providing boxing facility.
Brief Description of the Drawings:
Figures 1 & 2 illustrate the cutting open of trench on one side of the road up to a depth of 1.50m below the service lines, and providing shuttering and shoring for all vertical excavated sides.
Figure 3, illustrate the section in the pit with two edge beams each of ISMB 400 (Steel 1 Section girders) which are provided across the shaft parallel to the road to facilitate proper alignment of bullet beams which run through these edge beams.
Figure 4, illustrates the driving of bullet beams of dimension 200X200X15mm into the soil from one end of the road to the other by adding additional lines if required.
Figure 5, illustrates the insertion of 3mm thick steel plates between the bullet beams.
Figures 6 & 7 illustrate the insertion of steel stanchion of size as per design dimension (say about 300X450X15mm) at designated locations say 6.00m c/c and a steel cross beam of designed dimensions (say 300 X 450 X 15mm) connecting all the bullet beams on their bottom side. All these are welded together.
Figure 7 and 8, illustrates the canopy which is created with bullet beams, plates, cross beams and stanchions.
Figure 9, illustrates a diagram of a canopy with steel, from which the same operation has mentioned earlier is repeated along the length of the road on both sides of the canopy.
Figure 10, illustrates the canopy along with support of steel structure and section across the road.
Figure 11, illustrates the parked cars in the basement.
Figure 12, illustrates cars parked on road side occupying road width, which can be avoided by resorting to basement parking.
Figure 13, illustrates the lifts and stairs for human movement.
Figure 14, illustrates a view of the basement created by adopting non-invasive technique.
Figure 15, illustrates the detailed structure of basement under the vacant land.
1. The invention relates a Non-Invasive Basement Technique by
which unlimited real estate can be created under the surface of
vacant land by using bullet-beam-jacking technique along with
components like shaft, two guide beams, base plates, bullet beams,
cross beams, steel plates and steel stanchion.
2. The invention as claimed in claim 1, wherein after identifying the
depth and location of all the service lines, a trench is dug to a depth
below the service lines parallel to the road and a shaft is inserted
on the side walkway and to protect the sides with shoring and
3. The invention as claimed in preceding claims, wherein a long
bullet beams are inserted through the edge beam after obtaining the
reaction of jacking from the wall and Bullet beams of the same size
can be added further by Butt-welding till it reaches the required
length i.e. from one side of the road (foot path) to the other side
4. The invention as claimed in preceding claims, wherein Steel plates
of 3 mm thick are inserted between the bottom flanges of the
beams, the soil is scooped for a length of 1.00m below the bullet
beams from the edges to the required depth, and a steel stanchion
is introduced along with cross beams connecting all the bullet
beams on their bottom side, duly welding the bullet beam, cross
beam and the stanchion.
5. The invention as claimed in preceding claims, wherein the soil is
scooped to a length of about 6m repeatedly until the other end of
the road width is reached.
6. The invention as claimed in preceding claims, wherein the
basement thus created is used for carving out roads, green house
parks, commercial establishment and even house and a parallel city
if needed, by providing multiple level basements (at least two
levels) and creating an additional land of about 200%, in the
7. The invention relates to a method of creating unlimited real estate
under the surface of vacant lands as illustrated in the preceding
claims along with the accompanying drawings.
Dated this 09th Day of December, 2006
|Indian Patent Application Number||2292/CHE/2006|
|PG Journal Number||31/2010|
|Date of Filing||11-Dec-2006|
|Name of Patentee||MR. H. RAJASIMHA|
|Applicant Address||CHIEF ENGINEER (INFRASTRUCTURE), BANGALORE CITY CORPORATION, DOOR NO .61, ITI LAYOUT, NEW BEL ROAD, BANGALORE-560 054 KARNATAKA INDIA|
|PCT International Classification Number||E04B1/00|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|