Title of Invention

"MULTIFUNCTIONAL CONSTANT TEMPERATURE REFRIGERATOR WITH THERMAL CARRIERS"

Abstract The invention provides a multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator with thermal carriers comprising a compressor connected at one end to an evaporator, and at another end to a condenser, the evaporator and condenser being connected to each other through a capillary tube at an end opposite said compressor, the evaporator being operatively associated with freezing compartments, the entire device provided in a cabinet, wherein the refrigerator has a closed cold air flow duct disposed inside the cabinet at the back thereof, and a negative thermal carrier assembly provided inside the freezing compartment, said evaporator placed within the closed cold air flow duct, said negative thermal carrier assembly composed of a negative thermal carrier case filled with negative thermal carriers and a heat pipe and disposed in each freezing compartments and a vaporization zone of said heat pipe extending therein, and a condensation zone of said heat pipe extending into the closed cold air flow duct. [Fig. 1]
Full Text BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
I. Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to a multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator, and more particularly to a multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator with thermal carriers, in which heat is exchanged indirectly between an evaporator and preserved stuff. The refrigerator of the invention can provide a freely and stably controllable temperature for preserved stuff
2. Description of the Prior Art
In order to preserve fruit and vegetables, they should be kept at a relatively low, constant temperature. Preserving fruit and vegetables minimizes their breathing intensity, blocks their metabolism, reduces as much as possible nutrient loss, slows the aging process, and permits their natural antibacterial, anti-disease and anti-decay capabilities to preserve their natural nutrition, freshness and flavor for a long period. Due to the biochemistry of plants' cells, these goals can only be attained by keeping the fruit and vegetables at a relatively low, constant temperature. Generally, in the course of naturally or artificially balancing biochemical heat, in addition to keeping fruit and vegetables to be preserved at an optimum temperature, the temperature variation should be minimized (i.e. within 0.5°C, and preferably within 0.1 °C) so as to limit the temperature variation of fruit and vegetables to about 0.1 °C. Some lotus seeds that have been buried underground for over a thousand years can still bourgeon, grow and procreate, which is a vivid embodiment of the aforementioned principle (Principles of Seeds, P. 311-312, Science Press). To the contrary, if the environmental temperature is much lower than the appropriate temperature for the storage of fruit and vegetable, or if in the heating balance, fruit and vegetable encounter a lot of momentary shocks at an extremely-low temperature to which ordinary temperature-measuring devices fail to measure, it is possible for fruit and vegetable to get frozen and damaged or physically disordered. As a result, the fruit and vegetable will speed up decaying when exposed to a normal temperature. As is measured, the proper storage temperature for fresh bananas is 11°C. If a temperature to store bananas is lower than 10°C, or if bananas encounter repeatedly momentary ultra-low-temperature, bananas biological vitality will be destroyed, and then they turn black or harden, and finally have to be discarded. On the other hand, this also proves that the temperature control for preserving fruit and vegetable must conform to biochemical features of plants' cells.
Some fruits, such as lichee, can regain their biological vitality after getting frozen once or twice. For preserving such fruits, the process requires two steps: first exterminating all attached harmful microorganisms at around - 15°C running on-end for several hours, and then keeping an appropriate constant temperature above 0°C. In fact, such requirements cannot be met at the same compartment in a conventional refrigerator which uses an evaporator for directly heat-exchanging.
The preservation of meat is realized in a refrigerator through freezing to stop microorganisms that cause meat rotten from propagating. However, it is better for users to adjust the temperature within a certain range below 0°C. For example, if fresh meat is frozen in the environmental temperature of -7°C, it not only can keep a fairly long preservation period, but also is easy to be sliced for cooking in no need of further treatment. Today, even for technologically advanced refrigerators, it is the manufacturer who fixes freezing or cooling temperatures for respective compartments, and users cannot freely adjust, change or readjust the temperature set forth. Thus,

it is inflexible and inconvenient.
Since the first family refrigerator in the world was produced almost a hundred years ago, no matter the previously used serial recycling system or recent, "separately recycling" technology that was first reported in Science Daily on March 15, 2002, it is the evaporator that directly supplies a cooling source for storage (equivalent through separate metal plates). As is well known, the evaporator of a refrigerator is the cooling source below -20°C, while the suitable storage temperature for most fruit and vegetable is above 0°C. Heat between the stuff and the refrigerator (absorbing biochemical heat of the stuff) is exchanged directly via air. Thus no matter what temperature-controlling technology is employed, momentary shocks of temperature variation cannot be controlled within 1°C or 2°C. Thus, fruit and vegetable obviously cannot avoid decaying if they are preserved in the above-described refrigerator for a long period. The first thing for preserving fruit and vegetable is to avoid exchanging heat between great differences of temperature, which is exactly the most prominent flaw of present refrigerators.
Heat-exchanging between two contrasting temperatures can also make exposed surface of fruit and vegetable lose water much faster than water transfer of the inside thereof. As a result, the surface of fruit and vegetable will crimple, which hinders normal metabolism of fruit and vegetable, and fails to achieve the result of keeping fruit and vegetables fresh in the real sense. If airtight plastic bags are used to wrap up stuff to be preserved, the vapor in the bag will shortly reach saturation, metabolic activities are forced to stop for water cannot be released, which will cause the stuff decayed.
Direct heat-exchanging between the evaporator and the frozen or cooled stuff can also cause the surface of the evaporator frosting repeatedly, which will increase heat resistance and definitely waste more power.
After all, there exists the drawback for family refrigerators to keep fruit and vegetable fresh to really reach what biochemical principles require, which is the key to improve refrigerator technologies.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
One object of the present invention is to provide a multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator with thermal carriers for indirectly exchanging heat between an evaporator and preserved stuff.
Another object of the present invention is to provide a multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator with thermal carriers as described above, in which the temperature in each of the freezing compartments can be kept constantly and set freely by users.
Still another object of the present invention is to provide a multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator with thermal carriers having function as described above and that can warm preserved stuff using heat generated during the cooling operation.
To achieve the above objects, the present invention provides a multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator with thermal carriers including: a compressor 1, an evaporator 16, a condenser 23, a cabinet 37, and freezing compartments 9, which further includes a closed cold air flow duct 15 and a negative thermal carrier assembly. The closed cold air flow duct 15 is located at a back portion of the cabinet 37. The evaporator 16 is placed within the closed cold air flow duct 15. The negative thermal carrier assembly comprises a negative thermal carrier case 10 filled with negative thermal carriers and a heat pipe 12. The negative thermal carrier case 10
is disposed in each of the freezing compartments 9. A vaporization zone of the heat pipe 12 is extended into the negative thermal carrier case 10, and a condensation zone of the heat pipe 12 is extended into the closed cold air flow duct 15.
The heat pipe 12 is typically an ammonia heat pipe.
To improve the efficiency of exchanging heat, the negative thermal carrier assembly further includes a plurality of accessory heat conducting fins 13. An end portion of the heat conducting fins is extended into the closed cold air flow duct 15 and another end portion of the heat conducting fins is extended into the negative thermal carrier case 10.
A cold air fan 2 may be further set within the closed cold air flow duct 15. Cold sources supplied by the evaporator 16 are forcibly discharged to the condensation zone of the ammonia heat pipe 12 and the accessory heat conducting fins 13 along the closed cold air flow duct 15 by the cold air fan 2 during the cooling operation. The forced cold air provides the negative thermal carriers in the negative thermal carrier case 10 of each of the freezing compartments 9 with the desired temperature rapidly, so that the cooling efficiency of the refrigerator can be enhanced.
To ensure the temperature in each of the freezing compartments 9 reaches a preset temperature precisely, temperature sensors are provided in the present invention. A negative thermal carrier temperature sensor 11 is placed in the negative thermal carrier case 10, and a positive thermal carrier temperature sensor 32 with the same precision as the temperature sensor 11 is placed in each of the freezing compartments 9.
To utilize the natural air convection caused by a temperature difference between preserved stuff and the negative thermal carriers, an arc-shaped air flow shroud 26 may be mounted at a lower portion of the negative thermal carrier case 10 of each of the freezing compartments 9.
To provide a more suitable environment for preserving stuff, the cabinet 37 may provide a plurality of compartments as required.
To keep each of the freezing compartments 9 respectively at a temperature that is instantly set by users, the present invention may further include a dual flow passage 25 defined by a portion of the closed cold air flow duct 15 with respect to the freezing compartments 9. The dual flow passage 25 having a rear flow passage 25a and a front flow passage 25b with the condensation zone of the heat pipe are separated by a passage clapboard 14. A passage switching device 6 is disposed at the inlet of the dual flow passage 25 for switching the passage of cold air.
The passage switching device 6 comprises a roller which has a channel therein extending upwards in a direction of the diameter. A reset gravity bar 5 is disposed at an inner surface of the roller, a hinged iron flake 4 is disposed below the roller, and an electromagnet 3 is mounted at the inner surface of the air flow duct which is adjacent to the inlet of the dual flow passage 25. The electromagnet 3 is faced to the hinged iron flake 4 in parallel, so as to contact the same during the operation.
The passage clapboard 14 with a bottom end adjacent the outer wall of the passage switching device 6 is vertically secured at the inner surface of the closed cold air flow duct 15.
A mobile cover that is connected to the passage clapboard 14 is provided at the outlet of the dual flow passage 25, having a size to match the outlet of the front flow passage 25b and the rear flow passage 25a for covering or uncovering the front flow passage 25b and the rear flow passage 25b.
The size of the outlet of the channel of the passage switching device 6 is designed to inosculate that of the outlet of the front flow passage 25b and the rear flow passage 25a, while it is only half of the size of the inlet of the passage switching device 6 A projected positioning bar 35 is located at the front of the periphery of the outlet of the passage switching device 6, and a stop block 36 corresponding to the projected positioning bar 35 is located at the inner surface of the front flow passage 25b.
Two clapboards are symmetrically mounted within the passage switching device 6 which extend from the inlet to the outlet of the passage to define further the channel of the passage switching device 6 for smoothly discharging cold air.
To warm food using heat generated during the cooling operation, the cabinet may provide a warm air flow duct 18 with two openings (each at one end thereof), one of which is faced to the compressor 1. The condenser 23 is disposed in the warm air flow duct 18. A warming compartment 21, a positive thermal carrier case 20 and a one-way heat pipe 19 are provided in the cabinet 37. The positive thermal carrier case 20 and the one-way heat pipe 19 are disposed within the warming compartment 21. A condensation zone of the one-way heat pipe 19 is extended into the positive thermal carrier case 20, and a vaporization zone of the one-way heat pipe 19 is extended into the warm air flow duct 18.
The one-way heat pipe 19 is typically a one-way water heat pipe.
To improve the efficiency of heat-exchanging, a warm air fan 24 may be provided within the warm air flow duct 18 to speed up warm air through the compressor 1 and the condenser 23.
To further improve the efficiency of heat-exchanging, a plurality of fins for conducting heat may be provided for the ammonia heat pipe 12, the one-way water heat pipe 19, the evaporator 16 and/or the condenser 23, respectively.
The closed cold air flow duct 15 and the warm air flow duct 18, which are separated by an insulation layer 33, are vertically spaced at a back portion of the cabinet.
According to the present invention, a temperature corresponding to each of the compartments which is instantly set by the user is deemed as a zero point. Since each compartment has a different desired temperature, the zero point is not an accurate value but a representative one of the real temperature. Thus, the negative thermal carriers mean thermal carriers (i.e., polymers phase-change materials) having a temperature lower than the zero point, and the positive thermal carriers mean thermal carriers having a temperature higher than the zero point.
The principles of the present invention are described as follows.
By means of exchanging heat among the negative thermal carriers, the ammonia heat pipe, the accessory heat conducting fins and the evaporator, the negative thermal carriers have a relatively lower temperature than a temperature instantly set by the user, so as to absorb heat from preserved stuff at any time. Thermal carriers are placed in a sealed negative thermal carrier case which is made of metal materials that may have an average thickness of around 3 cm. The aforementioned negative thermal carrier case comprises a planar top wall and a bottom portion having projected arc-shaped ribs. The vaporization zone of the ammonia heat pipe and the fins thereof together with one end of the accessory heat conducting fins are extended into the negative thermal carrier case. An arc-shaped air flow shroud having a rectangular opening at the center portion thereof is mounted below and adjacent the ribs of the negative thermal carrier case, so as to form a heat-exchanging cycle utilizing the natural air convection caused by a
temperature difference between preserved stuff and the negative thermal carriers. The condensation zone of the ammonia heat pipe and the fins thereof together with another end of the accessory heat conducting fins are extended into the closed cold air flow duct via a rectangular hole with a sealed plastic wrap which is located at a rear wall of each compartment. As such, heat-exchanging between the negative thermal carriers and preserved stuff and that between the negative thermal carriers and the evaporator are two independent systems, which can be operated at any time even without air communication. According to the present invention, a singlechip is provided to automatically control these two systems. The maximum of the momentary variation of the temperature in the process of exchanging heat or the quality of the relatively lower constant temperature is determined by a temperature difference between the lower limit of the negative thermal carriers and a desired temperature in each of the freezing compartments. Both the lower limit of the negative thermal carriers and the desired temperature in the freezing compartments can be instantly set or adjusted by the user according to the requirement.
Such a heat-exchanging structure provides advantages as follows:
1. Negative thermal carriers are employed to exchange heat with preserved stuff that avoids directly exchanging heat between preserved stuff and cold air with a significant temperature change, which provides a more favorable environment for preserving food.
2. A temperature difference between the upper and lower temperature limits of the negative thermal carriers can be minimized to obtain a fairly constant temperature for preserved stuff. For example, the temperature difference can be controlled within 0.1 °C for preserved stuff, even in the metabolism itself.
3. The relative humidity can be held at about 95% by setting the lower temperature limit of the negative thermal carriers to a relatively lower value, such as 1°C. A higher humidity environment is in favor of preserving stuff.
4. The desired temperature in each compartment can be adjusted freely at a range of from -15°C to +20°C as required. Preserved stuff can first be frozen quickly, and then manually or automatically controlled to increase to an appropriate temperature.
5. No frosting occurs at the surface of the evaporator in the refrigerator of the present invention. As a result, the efficiency of heat-exchanging is enhanced. Power stored in negative thermal carriers makes the frequency of on/off of the refrigerator reduced to economize energy.
6. Heat generated during the cooling operation can be absorbed by the vaporization zone of the one-way water heat pipe and heat conducting fins thereof to warm preserved stuff. Thus preserved stuff with a temperature about 50°C is provided at any time, which is convenient to users and makes full use of energy.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Fig. 1 is a principle diagram of a refrigerator according to the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a front view of a refrigerator according to the present invention;
Fig. 3 is a cross-sectional view along the line A-A in Fig. 2;
Fig. 4 is a back view of the refrigerator shown in Fig. 2; and
Fig. 5 is an enlarged cross-sectional view of a portion of a dual flow passage according to the present invention along the line B--B in Fig. 4.
In the drawings:
a compressor 1, a cold air fan 2, an electromagnet 3, a hinged iron flake 4, a reset
gravity bar 5, a passage switching device 6, a water-collecting container 7, a water-collecting duct 8, freezing compartments 9, a negative thermal carrier case 10, a negative thermal carrier temperature sensor 11, an ammonia heat pipe 12, accessory heat conducting fins 13, a passage clapboard 14, a closed cold air flow duct 15, an evaporator 16, a capillary tube 17, a warm air flow duct 18, a one-way heat pipe 19, a positive thermal carrier case 20, a warming compartment 21, an electric heater 22, a condenser 23, a warm air fan 24, a dual flow passage 25, a rear flow passage 25a, a front flow passage 25b, an arc-shaped air flow shroud 26, a display 27, a manual cold system switch 28, a manual warm system switch 29, a temperature setting button 30, a fast-freezing setting button 31, a positive thermal carrier temperature sensor 32, an insulation layer 33, an outlet of the warm air flow duct 34, a positioning bar 35, a stop block 36, and a cabinet 37.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS Preferred embodiments of the present invention will now be described in detail with reference to the accompanying drawings.
As shown in Figs 1-5, a multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator with thermal carriers of the present invention includes: a compressor 1, an evaporator 16, a condenser 23, a capillary tube 17, a cabinet 37, and freezing compartments 9, a positive thermal carrier temperature sensor 32 for sensing the temperature in the corresponding compartment that is located at an inner wall of each of the freezing compartments to provide the real-time temperature to a display 27, a cold air flow duct 15, a cold air fan 2, a negative thermal carrier temperature sensor 11 mounted in a negative thermal carrier case 10 which is filled with negative thermal carriers, an ammonia heat pipe 12 with fins and accessory heat conducting fins 13. The freezing compartments 9 are located within the cabinet 37, the cold air flow duct 15 having the evaporator 16 and the cold air fan 2 disposed inside is vertically placed at a back portion of the cabinet 37, the negative thermal carrier case 10 is disposed in the freezing compartments 9, a vaporization zone of the ammonia heat pipe 12 and the accessory heat conducting fins with one end portion thereof are extended into the negative thermal carrier case 10, a condensation zone of the ammonia heat pipe 12 and the accessory heat conducting fins with another end portion thereof are extended into the closed cold air flow duct 15. When the cooling operation of the refrigerator is processed, first a desired temperature in the freezing compartments is set as an upper limit of the negative thermal carriers, and then a lower limit of the negative thermal carriers is set. During the operation thereafter, the cold air fan 2 discharges cold air generated from the evaporator 16 to the vaporization zone of the ammonia heat 12 and the fins thereof as well as one end portion of the accessory heat conducting fins 13 along the closed cold air flow duct 15, so as to exchange heat with the negative thermal carrier case 10. Thus, the negative thermal carriers in the negative thermal carrier case 10 can further exchange heat with preserved stuff in the freezing compartments 9. When the negative thermal carriers in the negative thermal carrier case 10 reach the preset lower limit, the negative thermal carrier temperature sensor 11 transmits a stop signal to stop heat-exchanging between the negative thermal carrier case 10 and cold air, while heat-exchanging between the negative thermal carrier case 10 and preserved stuff is going on. When the negative thermal carriers in the negative thermal carrier case 10 reach the preset upper limit, the negative thermal carrier temperature sensor 11 transmits a start signal to restart heat-exchanging between the negative thermal carrier case 10 and cold air. The aforementioned process is operated repeatedly. As such, the negative thermal carriers that are employed avoid directly exchanging heat between preserved stuff and cold air, so as to reduce the temperature variation and provide a suitable environment for preserving stuff.
To provide a more favorable environment for preserving the stuff, the cabinet 37 may provide a plurality of compartments in practice. To keep each of the freezing compartments 9 at a temperature which can be instantly set by users, the refrigerator according to the present
invention may further comprise a dual flow passage 25 defined by a portion of the closed cold air flow duct 15 with respect to the freezing compartments 9. The dual flow passage 25 having a rear flow passage 25a and a front flow passage 25b in which the condensation zone of the ammonia heat pipe is disposed is separated by a passage clapboard 14. A passage switching device 6 having a roller-configured is disposed at the inlet of the dual flow passage 25 for switching the passage of cold air. The passage switching device 6 has a channel located in a direction of the diameter having an outlet and an inlet. The outlet of the channel of the passage switching device 6 has such a size that it matches the outlet of the front flow passage 25b and the rear flow passage 25a, respectively, while the passage has a size of the inlet twice that of the outlet. A reset gravity bar 5 is disposed at the inner surface of the roller, a hinged iron flake 4 is disposed below the roller and an electromagnet 3 is mounted at the inner surface of the cold air flow duct 15 and adjacent the inlet of the dual flow passage 25. The electromagnet 3 and the hinged iron flake 4 are disposed to face each other in parallel, so that they can be combined together after the start of the operation. A projected positioning bar 35 is located at the front of the periphery of the outlet of the channel of the passage switching device 6, and a stop block 36 corresponding to the projected positioning bar 35 is located at the inner surface of the front flow passage 25b. Two clapboards are symmetrically mounted within the passage switching device 6 to further define the channel extending from the inlet to the outlet of the passage switching device 6 for smoothly discharging cold air. The passage clapboard 14 with a bottom portion adjacent the outer wall of the passage switching device 6 is vertically secured at the inner surface of the closed cold air flow duct 15. A mobile cover which is sized to match the outlet of the front flow passage 25b and the rear flow passage 25a is pivotally connected to the passage clapboard 14. When the cold air fan 2 discharges cold air towards the cover through the rear flow passage 25a, the cover is pivotally turned to close the front flow passage 25b; otherwise, when the cold air fan 2 discharges cold air towards the cover through the front flow passage 25b, the cover is pivotally turned to close the rear flow passage 25a. In this way, no matter how many passage switching devices at any states are provided in the closed cold air flow duct 15, cold air can be discharged smoothly. When the temperature of the negative thermal carriers reaches the desired temperature (i.e., the upper limit of the negative thermal carriers) of the freezing compartments 9, the compressor 1 is driven to generate cold air, and the electromagnet 3 contacts the hinged iron flake 4 to control the inlet of the passage switching device 6 communicating with the condensation zone of the ammonia heat pipe 12 and the fins thereof as well as another end portion of the accessory heat conducting; fins 13 for exchanging heat with the negative thermal carrier case 10. When the temperature of the negative thermal carriers sensed by the negative thermal carrier temperature sensor 11 reaches the lower limit of the negative thermal carriers, a stop signal is automatically transmitted (because the freezing compartments are arranged in parallel to each other, the compressor 1 can be stopped only when all the passage switching devices have transmitted stop signals), the electromagnet 3 releases the hinged iron flake 4, and the passage switching device 6 pivotally turns 60-degree in association with the reset gravity bar 5 to close the front flow passage 25b and open the rear flow passage 25a, until the temperature of the negative thermal carriers has again raised to the upper limit of the negative thermal carriers. The aforementioned process is operated repeatedly during this ordinary cooling operation to provide the preserved stuff at a stabler and relatively low temperature.
If the user wants to stop using one of the freezing compartments temporarily, he or she can set the lower limit of the negative thermal carriers equal to or higher than the desired temperature (the upper limit preset by the user) thereof. These two limits are reference values programmed in a singlechip by the user, thus the operation can be kept on only when the upper limit is higher than the lower limit.
Moreover, when preserved stuff is required to be frozen quickly, the upper limit and lower limit
of the negative thermal carriers can first be set at around -15°C while keeping a constant difference between them, and then manually or automatically set the limits to an appropriate temperature.
To warm food by using heat generated during the cooling operation, the cabinet preferably provides a warm air flow duct 18 with two openings each at one end thereof, one of which is faced to the compressor 1. The warm air flow duct 18 has a rectangular cross section except a circular to match the shape of the fan at the lower potion thereof adjacent a warm air fan 24. A condenser 23 is disposed in the warm air flow duct 18. A warming compartment 21, a positive thermal carrier case 20 filled with positive thermal carriers and a one-way water heat pipe 19 are provided in the cabinet 37. The positive thermal carrier case 20 and the one-way water heat pipe 19 are disposed within the warming compartment 21. The condensation zone of the one-way water heat pipe 19 is extended into the positive thermal carrier case 20, and the vaporization zone of the one-way water heat pipe 19 is extended into the warm air flow duct 18. The closed cold air flow duct 15 and the warm air flow duct 18, which are separated by an insulation layer 33, are vertically spaced at a back portion of the cabinet. The warm air flow duct 18 supplies heat generated by the compressor 1 and the condenser 23 to the vaporization zone of the oneway water heat pipe 19 and fins thereof by air flow, and then exhausts warm air through an outlet of a warm air flow duct 34. The condensation zone of the one-way water heat pipe 19 provides heat for the warming compartment 21 through the positive thermal carrier case 20.
A water collecting duct 8 placed in the cabinet 37 receives condensed water from the freezing compartments and the closed cold air flow duct 15, which is directed into a water-collecting container 7 disposed at the bottom portion of the refrigerator. The main portion of the water collecting duct 8 may be placed in the insulation layer 33 at the back portion of the cabinet 37 to avoid the collecting duct 8 from being blocked by freezing.
According to the present invention, the number of the freezing compartments 9 is freely set, for which the capacity of the compressor may be determined by market requirements. The refrigerator according to the present invention may also be configured in a multi-drawer style or with side-by-side refrigerator compartments. It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that the compartments or the drawers are exchangeable. In order to reduce the influence caused by a temperature difference between the compartments, and to utilize the air convection, preferably the compartments are disposed in such a manner that the desired temperature in the compartments decreases from top to bottom.
According to the present invention, the compressor 1, the cold air fan 2 and the warm air fan 24 are connected in parallel to start or stop simultaneously. A manual cold system switch 28 connected to a one-hour timer is provided in the warming compartment. The manual cold system switch 28 is connected to each electromagnet in parallel, and then to the compressor 1 in serial. A manual warm system switch 29 with a timer is provided to start an electric heater 22 adjacent the vaporization zone of the one-way water heat pipe. The switches 28 and 29 are mounted on the warming compartment 21 for warming food even when the cooling operation is not required. In the invention an independent programmable singlechip control system is provided for each compartment. All functions are implemented by controlling the electromagnet 3, which determines whether or how long the current compartment operates. Certainly, a more powerful singlechip can be used to control all compartments if desired. A display can be provided to display a temperature in each freezing compartment, to manually check, set or modify the lower limit and the upper limit of the negative thermal carriers in each of the freezing compartments and other operation instructions. A temperature setting button 30 and a fast-freezing setting button 31 set at the freezing compartments are multifunctional, with a combination thereof, all the aforementioned functions can be exploited.





I claim:
1. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator with thermal carriers
comprising:
a compressor (1) connected at one end to an evaporator (16), and at the other end to a condenser (23), the evaporator (16) and condenser (23) being connected to each other through a capillary tube (17) at an end opposite said compressor (1), the evaporator being in operative association with freezing compartments (9), the entire device being provided in a cabinet (37), characterised in that the refrigerator is provided with a closed cold air flow duct (15) disposed inside said cabinet (37) at a back portion thereof, and a negative thermal carrier assembly (10,11) provided inside said freezing compartment (9), said evaporator (16) being placed within the closed cold air flow duct (15), said negative thermal carrier assembly (10, 11) being composed of a negative thermal carrier case (10) filled with negative thermal carriers and a heat pipe (12), said negative thermal carrier case (10) being disposed in each of the freezing compartments (9), a vaporization zone of said heat pipe (12) extending into the negative thermal carrier case (10), and a condensation zone of said heat pipe (12) extending into the closed cold air flow duct (15).
2. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in claim 1, wherein said heat pipe (12) is an ammonia heat pipe (12).
3. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in claim 2, wherein said negative thermal carrier assembly (10,11) is provided with a plurality of accessory heat conducting fins (13), one end portion of said fins (13) extending into the closed cold-air flow duct (15) and another end portion extending into said negative thermal carrier case (10).
4. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in claim 3, wherein a cold air fan (2) is provided in said closed cold air flow duct (15) to speed up the cold air.
5. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in claim 4, wherein a negative thermal carrier temperature sensor (11) is provided in said negative thermal carrier case (10) and a positive thermal carrier temperature sensor (32) having the same precision as said temperature sensor (11) is disposed in said freezing compartments (9).
6. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein a portion of the closed cold air flow duct (15) corresponding to the freezing compartments (9) defines a dual flow passage (25), said dual flow passage (25) having a rear flow passage (25a) and a front flow passage (25b) wherein the condensation zone of the ammonia heat pipe (12) is disposed, the dual flow passage (25) being separated by a passage clapboard (14), a passage switching device (6) being disposed at an inlet of the dual flow passage (25) for switching the passages (25a, 25b).
7. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in claim 6, wherein said passage switching device (6) comprises a roller provided with a channel therein extending upwards in a direction of the diameter, a reset gravity bar (5) being disposed at the inner surface of the roller, a hinged iron flake (4) being disposed below the roller, an electromagnet (3) being mounted at the inner surface of the air flow duct (15) adjacent the inlet of the dual flow passage (25) with respect to said hinged iron flake (4), said electromagnet (3) being located to face said hinged iron flake (4) in parallel.
8. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in claim 7, wherein the passage switching device (6) is provided with an inlet with size matching the outlet of both the front flow passage (25b) and the rear flow passage (25a) of the dual flow passage (25), and an outlet having a size half of that of the inlet, a projected positioning bar (35) being located at the front portion of the periphery of the outlet of the passage switching device (6), and a stop block (36) corresponding to the projected positioning bar (35) being located at the inner surface of the front flow passage (25b).
9. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in claim 8, wherein two clapboards are symmetrically mounted within the passage switching device (6) to define a channel extending from inlet to outlet of the passage switching device (6).
10. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in claim 6, wherein a warm air flow duct (18) with two openings each at one end thereof is provided in the cabinet (37) with one of said opening facing said compressor (1), the condenser (23) located within the warm air flow duct (18), a warming compartment (21) being located in said cabinet (37) and containing a positive thermal carrier case (20) and a one-way heat pipe (19), a condensation zone of the one-way heat pipe (19) extending into the positive
thermal carrier case (20), and a vaporization zone of the one-way heat pipe (19) extending into the warm air flow duct (18).
11. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in claim 10, wherein said one-way heat pipe (19) is a one-way water heat pipe.
12. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in claim 11, wherein a warm air fan (24) is provided within said warm air flow duct (18).
13. A multifunctional constant temperature refrigerator as claimed in claim 12, wherein a plurality of fins are respectively provided for the heat pipe (12), the single way heat pipe (19), the evaporator (16) and/or the condenser (23).

Documents:

1335-delnp-2005-abstract.pdf

1335-DELNP-2005-Claims.pdf

1335-delnp-2005-complete specification (as files).pdf

1335-delnp-2005-complete specification (granted).pdf

1335-delnp-2005-correspondence-others.pdf

1335-delnp-2005-correspondence-po.pdf

1335-DELNP-2005-Description (Complete).pdf

1335-DELNP-2005-Drawings.pdf

1335-delnp-2005-form-1.pdf

1335-delnp-2005-form-18.pdf

1335-DELNP-2005-Form-2.pdf

1335-delnp-2005-form-3.pdf

1335-delnp-2005-form-5.pdf

1335-delnp-2005-gpa.pdf

1335-delnp-2005-pct-210.pdf

1335-delnp-2005-pct-304.pdf

1335-delnp-2005-petition-137.pdf

abstract.jpg


Patent Number 241629
Indian Patent Application Number 1335/DELNP/2005
PG Journal Number 30/2010
Publication Date 23-Jul-2010
Grant Date 16-Jul-2010
Date of Filing 04-Apr-2005
Name of Patentee ZHAO, ZIQUAN
Applicant Address ROOM 202, UNIT 1, BUILDING 139, 81 XIANLIE ZHONG ROAD, GUANGZHOU CITY, GUANGDONG 510070, CHINA.
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 ZHAO, ZIQUAN ROOM 202, UNIT 1, BUILDING 139, 81 XIANLIE ZHONG ROAD, GUANGZHOU CITY, GUANGDONG 510070, CHINA.
PCT International Classification Number F25D 16/00
PCT International Application Number PCT/CN2003/000706
PCT International Filing date 2003-08-21
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 NA 1900-01-01 China
2 02134701.8 2002-09-11 China