|Title of Invention||
A DEVICE FOR ABSORBING ELECTRICAL NOISE ON CABLES
|Abstract||The invention relates to a device for absorbing electrical noise on cables, comprising a housing (1) that consists of two partial shells (2,3). A ferrite element (20) which is provided with a groove is disposed in each partial shell (2,3). Flat tabs (19) that are placed between facing areas of the ferrite elements (20) when the housing (1) is enclosed are molded onto the housing, whereby a ferrite element (20) having a defined air gap is created.|
|Full Text||Description Device for Absorbing Noise
The invention is based on a device for absorbing electrical noise on cables.
That high-frequency interference that can interfere with the operation of electronic equipment is transmitted on electrical lines is known. Such erratic, high-frequency interference is termed "noise".
That rings fabricated from metallic, magnetic, or similarly acting materials, in particular, ferrites, that are capable of absorbing such electrical interference may be arranged around lines is also known. In the case of the frequency bands that have usually been involved to date, it has been presumed that a closed ring fabricated from a ferrite material surrounding the electrical cable involved should have to be present. Configuring such rings in two parts, each of which has a groove, in order to be able to retrofit devices for absorbing noise is common knowledge. The two parts are then arranged around the cable and coupled such that facing surfaces thereof form flush fits. Spring-loading is even employed in order to preclude air gaps between them.
However, those known, gapeless devices for absorbing electrical noise have their limitations at high frequencies where lines carrying high direct currents are involved.
The prior art cited by the document US 6559748 relates to an electric noise absorber for clamping to a cord of an electronic device comprising of a holding case composed of two box-shaped case members. Each case member contains a magnet having a hemi-cylindrical groove at the upper part of the magnet for receiving the cord .Two ferrite members are contained in the case members of the holding case. The distinguishing feature of this prior art is that when the case 1 is enclosed, the biasing members 6 and 7 projecting from the bottom of the case members 2 and 3 support the ferrite members 5 so as to join them together, thereby the ferrite members 5 are securely held. That means that the facing surfaces shall contact each other without a gap.
The problem addressed by the invention is creating a device for absorbing electrical noise on lines that will also yield satisfactory results at high frequencies and in cases involving large DC-components.
In order to solve that problem, the invention proposes a device for absorbing electrical noise on cables that has those features stated in claim 1. Elaborations on the invention are covered by subclaims.
In cases where frequencies falling within the range 100 MHz to 200 MHz occur, the air gap provides that the impedances of the ferrite constituent will be increased. Furthermore, the ferrite material will become magnetized and reach saturation at currents of around 4 Amperes. When that occurs, filtering of high-frequency interference will cease. However, that effect may also be avoided by providing an air gap.
The air gap between the two parts is much narrower than both the diameter of the passageway for routing the cable and the cable diameter in order that the configuration comprising two manually complementary parts will remain a reasonable approach.
In order to ease the task of attaching a device proposed by the invention to a cable, according to the invention, under an elaboration thereon, it may be provided that the housing is configured from a pair of halfshells, each of which accommodates within it a part fabricated from the noise-absorbing material. The device may then be manufactured and marketed in the fashion that a part fabricated from the noise-absorbing material is accommodated within each of the housing's halfshells. Pairs of halfshells may then be coupled on site, in the field, employing simple means that require no use of tools.
Both halfshells and both parts might also be identically configured and the installer provided with a correspondingly large number of parts.
However, under an elaboration on the invention, the housing's pair of halfshells may be joined by a foil hinge, in which case, the device may be treated as a single
unit in order to eliminate hazards that components that are not intended to be coupled to one another will be coupled to one another.
Once they have been brought into position on a cable, the housing's pair of halfshells might, for example, be coupled by either wrapping tape around them or latching them together, regardless of whether they are joined by a foil hinge. However, it will be particularly helpful if the device has a latching mechanism that may have a tab on one halfshell and a recess on the other halfshell, where the tab and recess form the latching mechanism. For example, the tab might have a prong that engages the underside of an undercut situated within the recess.
The tab might, for example, be arranged on an edge of the housing, i.e., in particular, at a location thereon adjoining a plane separating its pair of halfshells.
In order to allow compensating for variations in the width of the air gap between the latter when the housing is closed, according to the invention, it may be provided that the wall of one of the housing's halfshells has incisions adjoining either side of the tab or other component forming part of the latching mechanism, which will give the latching mechanism a certain resilience. In particular, it may be provided that the incisions extend around an edge of the housing, i.e., onto the base of the respective halfshell involved. The latching mechanism will be more or less resilient, depending upon how far the incisions extend.
The aforementioned spacer determining the width of the air gap may, for example, under an elaboration on the invention, be formed onto the housing, in particular, formed onto a halfshell, in which case the spacer will not represent a separate component. For example, the spacer might be a short strip that is formed onto the housing. It might, for example, be shaped such that will automatically face the associated surface of one of the ferrite parts when the housing is assembled or flipped shut.
In particular, in order to allow creation of a narrow air gap having a uniform width, it may be provided that the device has several spacers. In particular, the spacers might be configured such that, at a pair of facing surfaces, the two parts are separated by a gap.
Further features, details, and benefits of the invention will be evident from the claims and the abstract, whose wording is herewith made an integral part of this description by way of reference thereto, the following description of a preferred embodiment of the invention, and the accompanying figures, which depict:
Fig.l a top view of the open housing;
Fig.2 an end view of the arrangement shown in Fig.l;
Fig.3 a side view of the device shown in Fig.l;
Fig.4 an end view of the closed housing;
Fig.5 a view corresponding to that of Fig.4, where the air gap has a varying
width; Fig.6 a side view of the closed housing;
Fig.7 a longitudinally sectioned view of a halfshell indicating the ferrite part
Fig.l depicts a top view of the open housing 1, which consists of a pair of halfshells 2,3 that are joined by a foil hinge 4 in the vicinities of their adjoining surfaces. Each halfshell has a roughly cubical shape exhibiting a pair of sidewalls 5,6 and a pair of end walls 7,8. The sidewalls 5,6 of each halfshell are mutually parallel, as are their end walls 7,8. The bottoms of both halfshells 2,3 which lie
beneath the plane of the paper in Fig. 1, are each closed by a base 9. That base 9 has one or more hemispherical protrusions 10 along its centerline for angularly aligning the ferrites to be inserted into the halfshells. A tab 11 is formed onto that side of the sidewall 5 of one halfshell 2 that faces away from the other halfshell 3, while the corresponding sidewall 5 on the latter has a recess 12 at the same location along its length.
Each end wall 7, 8 has a central, semicircular notch 13 that forms half of a roughly circular hole when the two are joined.
A clip 14 that forms a receptacle having a pair of parallel sidewalls 16 is formed onto the outer surface of one end wall 8. That clip 14 is used for sliding the housing onto a cable, where the edges of its sidewalls 16 clamp the cable.
The flat surfaces 17 on the edges of the pair of halfshells 2, 3, both of which lie in a common plane and form the plane separating them when the housing is assembled, may be seen in Fig. 1. The latter plane also appears on the right in Fig. 2.
Fig. 3 depicts a top view of the arrangement consisting of the pair of halfshells shown in Fig. 1. The tab 11 protruding from that edge of one of the housing's halfshells that lies in the plane separating them now lies in the plane of the paper. The tab 11 has a moderately rigid section, on whose far end a pair of reverse-raked prongs 18 are formed. The intended purpose of the latter is engaging the undersides of associated undercuts situated within the recess 12.
Small tabs 19 protruding obliquely upward from the inner surfaces of the end walls 7, 8 of one halfshell, in the case of the sample embodiment shown, that halfshell 3 accommodating the recess 12 (cf. Fig. 3), are formed thereon, in the vicinities their edges 14. These small spacers, or strips, forming tabs 19 cf. Fly. 1) are formed thereon at locations situated between its sidewalls 5, 6 and the notch 13. The
ferrite parts for absorbing electrical noise, which have conduits resembling grooves, constitute extensions of the notches 13 when inserted into the halfshells. The lateral surfaces of both ferrite parts are situated in vicinities lying between the edges of the notches 13 and extending along the inner surfaces of the housing's sidewalls 5, 6. As shown in Fig. 7, the tabs 19 abut against their lateral surfaces while the housing is closed. Fig. 7 depicts a longitudinally sectioned view of a halfshell taken along the line VII-VII shown in Fig. 1. The aforementioned tabs 19 are formed onto the inner surfaces of its end walls 7, 8. The orientations of the tabs 19 appearing on the left in Fig. 7, namely, protruding obliquely upward, are those for the case where the housing is open. The included angle between them and the plane 17 separating the halves of the housing, which coincides with the upper lateral surface of the ferrite part, is approximately 60°. If the housing is then flipped closed, which means that the other ferrite part 20 will approach the former ferrite part from above, the tabs 19 will be bent over and lie flat on the latter's upper lateral surface (cf. the tab shown on the right in Fig. 7). Since, in the case of the example of a preferred embodiment shown, four such tabs 19 are present, two air gaps that have precisely defined widths equaling the thickness of the tabs 19 will be formed between the pair of ferrite parts 20.
Variations in the thicknesses of the tabs 19 are compensated for by providing that the housing closes to greater or less degrees, as may be seen by comparing Figs. 4 and 5. The width of the air gap will invariably be determined by the tabs 19, no matter what the tolerances on the ferrite parts may be. If devices having various air gaps should be needed for special cases, redimensioning the thicknesses of the tabs 19 during manufacture of the housing are all that will be required in order to accommodate them.
Another embodiment that will now be described based on Figs. 1 and 3 improves the device's closure behavior. Incisions 21 normal to the plane separating the housing's halfshells extend along either side of thai section of that sidewall 5 on which the tab 11 is situated and around the edges 22 of the housing, as may be
seen in Fig. 3, and are continued roughly out to the center of the base 9 of the halfshell 2 involved (cf. the curved incisions 21 appearing near the top of Fig. 1). In the case of the sample embodiment shown, they are slightly curved, but might also be straight, inclined relative to one another or to the housing's end walls, or have some other shape or orientation. That section 22 of the sidewall bounded by the incisions 21 and the base 9 is thus able to flex relative to the remainder of that halfshell in order that it may force the two ferrite parts up against the tabs 19 lying between them by virtue of the restoring force generated by its deformation, which will also serve to set a precisely defined air gap.
1. A device for absorbing electrical nose on cables
- having a housing (1);
- two parts (20) fabricated from a material that absorbs, electrical noise on cables having a housing (1) ; and
- a passage way for a cable formed by said two parts (20) between them when the housing (1) is closed ; characterized in that
- at least one spacer may be arranged between the facing surfaces of the two parts (20), said spacer having configurations such that air gap is maintained between pairs of facing surfaces of the two parts to assist absorbing of electrical noise.
2. A device according to claim 1, wherein the housing (1) is assembled from a pair of half shells (2,3), each of which accommodates within it a component (20) fabricated from a material that absorbs electrical noise.
3. A device according to claim 1 or claim 2 having means for compensating height for various thicknesses of at least one spacer.
4. A device according to claim 3, wherein the pair of halfshells (2,3) are joined with one another by a foil hinge (4).
5. A device according to any of the preceding claims having a latching mechanism that has a tab (11) on one halfshell (2) and a recess (12) on the other halfshell (3).
6. A device according to claim 5, wherein the tab (11) is arranged on an edge of the housing.
7. A device according to claim 5 or claim 6, wherein the wall (5) of the housing has incisions (21) on either side of the tab (11).
8. A device according to claim 7, wherein the incisions (21) extend beyond the edge (22) of the housing.
9. A device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the spacer is formed on the housing (1), in particular to a halfshell (3).
10. A. device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the spacer is a short, narrow strip.
11.A device according to any of the preceding claims having several spacers.
12. A device according to any of the preceding claims, wherein the spacer is configured such that a gap will be maintained between pairs of facing surfaces of the two parts (20).
The invention relates to a device for absorbing electrical noise on cables, comprising a housing (1) that consists of two partial shells (2,3). A ferrite element (20) which is provided with a groove is disposed in each partial shell (2,3). Flat tabs (19) that are placed between facing areas of the ferrite elements (20) when the housing (1) is enclosed are molded onto the housing, whereby a ferrite element (20) having a defined air gap is created.
|Indian Patent Application Number||2423/KOLNP/2005|
|PG Journal Number||40/2009|
|Date of Filing||30-Nov-2005|
|Name of Patentee||WURTH ELEKTRONIK EISOS GMBH & CO.KG|
|Applicant Address||MAX-EYTH-STRASE 1, 74638 WALDENBURG GERMANY|
|PCT International Classification Number||27/05/2004|
|PCT International Application Number||WO 2004/107613|
|PCT International Filing date||2004-05-27|