Title of Invention

"OLIGOSACCHARIDES OF FORMULA (I) HAVING ANTI-INFLAMMATORY PROPERTIES"

Abstract The present invention relates to an oligosaccharide of formula (I) having anti-inflammatory properties; wherein, n, R1, R3, R4, R5, R6 and R8, are described in the specification.
Full Text The present invention relates to pharmaceutical composition containing, as active principle, an oligosaccharide of formula (I).
The present invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions containing as active principle an oligosaccharide of formula:

(Formula Removed)
or to a mixture of these oligosaccharides, to the novel oligosaccharides of formula (I), to mixtures thereof and to methods for their preparation.
In formula (I), n is an integer from 0 to 25, Rlr R3, R4, R5, R6 and R8, which may be identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom or an SO3M radical, R2 and R7, which may be identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom or an S03M or COCH3 radical, and M is sodium, calcium, magnesium or potassium.
These oligosaccharides thus comprise an even number of saccharides.
In formula (I) , R4 and R6 are, preferably, hydrogen atoms.

Oligosaccharides of formula (I) for which n is equal to 0, and either RI, R6 and RS represent a hydrogen atom, R7 represents an S03M or COCH3 radical and M is sodium, or RI and R6 represent a hydrogen atom, R7 represents a COCH3 radical, R8 represents an S03M radical and M is sodium, or Re represents a hydrogen atom, RI, RT and RS represent an S03M radical and M is sodium have already been described by G.H. LEE et al., J. Chromat. 212, 65-73 (1981), but no pharmacological property is described for these products.
Oligosaccharides of formula (I) for which n is equal to 0 and either Re and Rv represent hydrogen atoms, RI and RS represent an S03M radical and M is sodium, or RI, Re and RI represent a hydrogen atom, R8 represents an SOsM radical and M is sodium are described by MW McLean et al., Eur. J. Biochem., 1984, 145, 607, without any indication of pharmacological activity.
The pharmaceutical compositions which are preferred are those containing an oligosaccharide of formula (I) for which:
- n is an integer from 0 to 10, and in particular from
0 to 6, and even more particularly from 1 to 6.
- RI, R2, R3, RS, RI and RS are identical or different,
and represent a hydrogen atom or an SOsM radical, and
in particular RI, R2, R3, RS, R? and Rg are S03M
radicals,
- M is sodium.
The pharmaceutical compositions which are particularly preferred are those containing an oligosaccharide of formula (I) for which:
- n is equal to 0, RI, RI and RQ represent an SOsM
radical, Re represents a hydrogen atom and M is sodium,
- n is equal to 1, RI, Ra, RS, RS, RI and R8 represent an
SOsM radical, R4 and Re represent a hydrogen atom and M
is sodium,
- n is equal to 2, RI, R2, RS, RS, R7 and R% represent an
SOaM radical, R4 and Re represent a hydrogen atom and M
is sodium,
- n is equal to 3, RI, Ra, RS, RS, R7 and RS represent an
SOsM radical, R4 and Re represent a hydrogen atom and M
is sodium,
- n is equal to 4, RI, R2, RS, RS, R7 and R& represent an
SOsM radical, R4 and Re represent a hydrogen atom and M
is sodium.
The oligosaccharides of formula (I), with the exception of those for which n is equal to 0 and either RI, Re and RQ represent a hydrogen atom, R7 represents an SOsM or COCHs radical and M is sodium, or RI and R6 represent a hydrogen atom, R7 represents a COCH3 radical, RS represents an SOsM radical and M is sodium, or Re represents a hydrogen, RI, R7 and RS represent an SOaM radical and M is sodium, or R6 and R7 represent hydrogen atoms, RI and RS represent an SOsM radical and
M is sodium, or RI, R6 and RI represent a hydrogen atom, R8 represents an S03M radical and M is sodium, are novel and, as such, form part of the invention.
The oligosaccharides of formula (I) can be prepared by reaction of an alkali metal borohydride or a quaternary ammonium borohydride with oligosaccharides of formula:

(Figure Removed)

in which n is an integer from 0 to 25, RI, R3, R4, R5, R6 and Rg, which may be identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom or an SOsM radical, R2 and RT, which may be identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom or an SOsM or COCHs radical, and M is sodium, calcium, magnesium or potassium.
This reaction is carried out in aqueous medium, at a temperature in the vicinity of 25°C, at a pH between 7 and 10, and preferably between 9 and 10, for the entire duration of the reaction. The pH is maintained by addition of a sodium hydroxide solution at 0.5 mol/1. The reaction is stopped by acidification
of the reaction medium, for example by addition of acetic acid until a pH between 4 and 5 is obtained.
As alkali metal borohydrides, mention may be made of lithium borohydride, sodium borohydride and potassium borohydride.
As a quaternary ammonium borohydride, mention may be made of tetrabutylammonium borohydride.
The oligosaccharides of formula (II) can be obtained by gel chromatography separation of a mixture of oligosaccharides (III) obtained by enzymatic depolymerization of heparin or basic depolymerization of the benzyl ester of heparin or of a benzyl ester of semi-synthetic heparin.
This chromatography is carried out on columns filled with gel of polyacrylamide-agarose type, such as that sold under the trade mark Ultrogel ACA202R (Biosepra). Preferably, an array of polyacrylamide agarose gel columns is used. The number of columns used is adapted as a function of the volume, the gel and the oligosaccharides to be separated. The mixture is eluted with a solution containing a phosphate buffer and sodium chloride. Preferably, the phosphate buffer solution is a solution containing 0.02 mol/1 of NaH2P04/Na2HP04 (pH 7) containing. 0.1 mol/1 of sodium chloride. Detection of the various fractions is carried out by UV spectrometry (254 nm) and ionic spectrometry (IBF). The fractions thus obtained can then be
optionally purified, for example by SAX (strong anion exchange) chromatography according to the methods known to those skilled in the art and in particular according to the methods described by K.G. Rice and R.J. Linhardt, Carbohydrate Research 190, 219-233 (1989), A. Larnkjaer, S.H. Hansen and P.B. Ostergaard, Carbohydrate Research, 266, 37-52 (1995) and in patent WO 90/01501 (Example 2). The fractions are then lyophilized, and then desalified on a gel-filled column such as a column of Sephadex G10R gel (Pharmacia Biochemicals).
When the purification is not carried out by SAX chromatography, the lyophilizates can be optionally purified by simple or fractional precipitation according to the methods known to persons skilled in the art and in particular according to the method described in patent FR 2 548 672. Generally, the process is performed according to the following procedure:
The lyophilized fraction to be purified is dissolved, at 25°C, in about ten volumes of distilled water. On adding methanol or ethanol, the desired oligosaccharide is precipitated, while monitoring its enrichment by HPLC chromatography (high performance liquid chromatography). The addition of methanol or ethanol is determined as a function of the desired yield and purity of said oligosaccharide. Similarly,
this operation can be carried out in several successive steps starting with the initial solution of lyophilizate. For this, more of the insolubilizing agent (methanol or ethanol) is added portionwise and the precipitate obtained after each addition is isolated. The precipitates thus prepared are analyzed by HPLC chromatography. Depending on the desired yield and purity, the suitable fractions of precipitate are combined.
According to a variant of the present
invention, the lyophilized fraction to be purified can be dissolved in 10 to 200 volumes of water containing from 0 to 30% sodium acetate. The percentage of sodium acetate will be preadjusted as a function of the nature of the oligosaccharide to be treated (a function of the size). On adding methanol, the desired oligosaccharide is precipitated while monitoring its enrichment by HPLC chromatography (high performance liquid
chromatography). The addition of methanol is determined as a function of the desired yield and purity of said oligosaccharide. Similarly, this operation can be carried out in several successive steps starting with the initial solution of lyophilizate. For this, more of the insolubilizing agent (methanol) is added portionwise and the precipitate obtained after each addition is isolated. The precipitates thus prepared are analyzed by HPLC chromatography. Depending on the
desired yield and purity, the suitable fractions of precipitate are combined.
For the intermediates of formula (II) for which n = 0, 1 or 2, it is preferable to start with a mixture (III) obtained by enzymatic depolymerization.
This depolymerization is carried out by means of heparinase I (EC 4.2.2.7), in a pH 7 phosphate buffer solution, in the presence of sodium chloride and of BSA (bovine serum albumin), at a temperature between 10 and 18°C, and preferably 15°C, for 8 to 10 days, and preferably 9 days. The depolymerization is stopped, for example, by heating the reaction medium at 100°C for 2 minutes, and the mixture is recovered by lyophilization. It is preferable to use 7 IU of heparinase I per 25 g of heparin. The phosphate buffer solution generally comprises 0.05 mol/1 of NaH2P04/Na2HP04 (pH 7) in the presence of 0.1 mol/1 of sodium chloride. The BSA concentration is generally 2%.
For the intermediates of formula (II) for which n = 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4, it is preferable to start with a mixture (III) obtained by depolymerizing a benzyl ester of heparin.
The benzyl ester of heparin can be prepared according to the methods described in patents US 5 389 618, EP 40 144 and FR 2 548 672. The degree of esterification will preferably be between 50 and 100%. Preferably, it will be between 70 and 90%.
The depolymerization is carried out in aqueous medium, by means of an alkali metal hydroxide (for example lithium hydroxide, sodium hydroxide, potassium hydroxide or cesium hydroxide) or of a quaternary ammonium hydroxide (for example tetrabutylammonium hydroxide), preferably at a molarity between 0.1 and 0.2 mol/1, at a temperature between 40 and 80°C, for 5 to 120 minutes. In one preferred mode, the process is performed for 5 to 15 minutes, at a temperature between 60 and 70°C, with a 0.15 mol/1 sodium hydroxide solution. The depolymerization reaction is stopped by neutralization by addition of an acid such as acetic acid. After addition of 10% by weight per volume of sodium acetate, the oligosaccharide mixture is precipitated by adding methanol, preferably 2 volumes per 1 volume of reaction medium, and filtered.
According to one preferred aspect of the invention, the oligosaccharide mixture obtained after chemical depolymerization, in the form of an aqueous solution, is enriched by ultrafiltration through membranes with a suitable nominal cut-off threshold (of the Pellicon type made of regenerated cellulose, sold by Millipore); the type of membrane being adapted as a function of the type of enriched oligosaccharides to be recovered. For the oligosaccharides (II) for which n = 0, a membrane with a nominal cut-off threshold of 1 kDa
will be used, for the oligosaccharides (II) for which n = 1, a 1 kDa or 3 kDa membrane will be used, for the oligosaccharides (II) for which n = 2, a 3 kDa membrane will be used, for the oligosaccharides (II) for which n = 3 or 4, a 5 kDa membrane will be used. During this operation, the permeate is recovered and the retentate is discarded. Thus, the fraction of enriched product can represent from 50 to 10% of the initial oligosaccharide mixture, while at the same time conserving at least 80% of the desired oligosaccharide.
For the intermediates of formula (II) for which n = 0 to 25, it is preferable to start with a mixture (III) obtained by depolymerizing a benzyl ester of semi-synthetic polysaccharide sulfate. The benzyl ester of semi-synthetic polysaccharide sulfate is prepared from semi-synthetic polysaccharide sulfates obtained from polysaccharide K5, and according to the methods described in patents WO 94/29352 and WO 96/14425. The esterification, depolymerization and recovery conditions are the same as those described above for the benzyl ester of heparin.
In all the preceding processes, the initial heparin can be of porcine, ovine, caprine or bovine origin and can be obtained from the mucus, lungs or hides of the animals. Preferably, a heparin from porcine or ovine mucus or from bovine lung is used, and
even more preferably from porcine mucus or from bovine lung.
The oligosaccharides of formula (I) have anti-inflammatory properties and can thus be used for preventing or treating diseases associated with an inflammatory process involving the production of cytotoxic substances such as nitrogen monoxide (NO), whose inducible form is released in particular by neutrophils or macrophages when these neutrophils or macrophages migrate and are activated in a tissue. The migration, activation and adhesion of neutrophils takes place in tissue regions which have been made ischemic following an occlusion or a spasm of an artery which vascularizes this tissue. These ischemias can arise either in the brain (cerebrovascular accident) or in the myocardium (myocardial infarction) or in the lower limbs (known as peripheral ischemias). The oligosaccharides of formula (I) can thus be used for preventing and/or treating neurodegenerative diseases for which cerebral inflammation plays a deleterious role which can lead to death, among which mention may be made of cerebral ischemias, cardiac ischemias (myocardial infarction), peripheral ischemias, traumas of the central nervous system and in particular cranial, spinal and craniospinal traumas, multiple sclerosis, neuropathic pain and peripheral neuropathies, motoneuron diseases including amyotrophic

lateral sclerosis, progressive spinal atrophy, infantile muscular atrophy and primary lateral sclerosis, neuro-AIDS, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Huntington's chorea and certain forms of osteoarthritis, in particular with articular localization.
The anti-inflammatory activity of these products is demonstrated in vivo in the test of production of NOx (nitrite and nitrate) induced by a lipopolysaccharide (LPS) originating from E. coli, according to the protocol described by M. YAMASHITA et al., Eur. J. Pharmacol, 338, 2, 151-158 (1997) or J.E. SHELLITO et al., Am. J. Respir. Cell Mol. Biol., 13, 1, 45-53 (1995).
0.5 mg/kg of the oligosaccharide is injected into male GDI mice (Charles River, 25-35 g) at TO via intravenous bolus, and 1 or 2 mg/kg of the oligosaccharide are injected subcutaneously at T+15 minutes. At T+30 minutes, 100 mg/kg of lipopolysaccharide (LPS) originating from E. coli (Sigma L3129, serotype 0127:B8) are administered. At T+3 hours 1 or 2 mg/kg of the oligosaccharide are again injected subcutaneously. At T+5 hours 30 minutes, a blood sample is collected by ocular puncture, and the concentrations of NOx (nitrite and nitrate) in the plasma are determined by the Griess colorimetric method, after reduction of the nitrate to nitrite with

nitrate reductase in the following way: 12 ml of the plasma sample are mixed with 88 ml of deionized water and incubated in the dark for 1 hour at room temperature with 40 ml of phosphate buffer (0.31M, pH 7.5), 20 ml of p-NADPH (reduced nicotinamide adenine dinucleotide phosphate) (0.86 mM), 20 ml of FDA (flavin adenine dinucleotide) (0.11 mM) and 20 ml of nitrate reductase (2 U/ml) (Boehringer Mannheim). 10 ml of ZnSCU (1M) are added to precipitate the proteins, and, after mixing, the samples are centrifuged at 20,000 x g for 5 minutes. Finally, 50 ml of the supernatant are incubated for 10 minutes at room temperature with 100 ml of the Griess reagent (1% sulfanilamide in a phosphoric acid/0.1% naphthylethylenediamine mixture in deionized water (V/V)). The optical densities are read at 540 nm with a microplate spectrophotometer, each point being determined twice. KNOs and NaNOa are used as standards for the colorimetric method.
In this test, the oligosaccharides according to the invention inhibit the formation of NOx by more than 50%.
Moreover, the oligosaccharides of formula (I) increase the motoneuron survival and growth and are therefore particularly useful in preventing and/or treating motoneuron diseases, such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, progressive spinal atrophy,

infantile muscular atrophy or primary lateral sclerosis.
It is known that motoneuron cultures die by apoptosis if they are prepared in the absence of trophic support (BDNF, NTS for example). It has now been found that the oligosaccharides according to the invention allow motoneuron survival and growth. This activity was tested on cocultures of astrocytes and motoneurons starved of neurotrophic factors, according to the following protocol:
CULTURES ENRICHED IN MOTONEURONS:
The cultures enriched in motoneurons are prepared using the centrifugation method described by R.L. SCHNAAR and A.E. SCHAFFNER, J. Neurosci., 1, 204-217 (1981) and modified by W. CAMU and C.E. HENDERSON, J. Neurosci. Methods, 44, 59-70 (1992). Spinal chords from E15 rat embryos are sterilely dissected and the spinal notochords are removed. They are then cut up and incubated for 15 minutes at 37°C in PBS (phosphate buffered saline: 137 mM NaCl, 2.68 mM Kcl, 6.45 mM Na2HP04, 1.47 mM KH2P04) to which 0.05% of trypsin has been added. Dissociation of the cells is completed by trituration with the end of a 1 ml pipette in the culture medium supplemented with 0.1% of bovine serum albumin (BSA) and with 0.1 mg/ml of DNAase. The cell suspension is spread onto a band of 6.5%

weight/volume metrizamide in L15 medium (marketed by Gibco BRL) and centrifuged at 500 g for 15 minutes. The band of the interface containing the motoneurons is recovered, diluted in L15 medium and incubated for 45 minutes at ambient temperature in culture dishes precoated with anti-mouse IgG and hybridoma supernatant MC192 (CE Chandler et al., J. Biol. Chem., 259, 6882 (1984)). The suspended cells are washed with L15 medium and the motoneurons are eluted, with slight shaking, with hybridoma supernatant MC192. The motoneurons are plated out at a density of 650 cells per 24 mm in culture dishes on astrocyte monolayers in L15 medium to which sodium bicarbonate (22 mM), coalbumin (0.1 mg/ml), putrescine (0.1 mM), insulin (5 ug/ml), sodium selenite (31 nM), glucose (20 mM), progesterone (21 nM), penicillin (100 lU/ml) and streptomycin (100 ug/ml) have been added. The cultures are maintained at 37°C in a humidified atmosphere at 5% C02.
CULTURING OF SPINAL CHORD ASTROCYTES:
The astrocytes are obtained from rat embryos according to the method of R.P. SANETO AND J. DE VELLIS, in Neurochemistry, a practical approach (A.J. TURNER and H.S. St JOHN) IRL Press, Oxford-Washington DC, p27-63 (1987), slightly modified. The spinal chords are sterilely dissected, and the meninges

and dorsal ganglia are removed. Five to ten spinal chords are transferred into PBS (phosphate buffered saline: 137 mM NaCl, 2.68 mM Kcl, 6.45 mM Na2HP04, 1.47 mM KH2P04) and cut up before incubation at 37°C for 25 minutes in PBS to which 0.25% of trypsin has been added. The enzymatic treatment is stopped by adding 10 ml of Dubelcco modified Eagle medium (DMEM) to which 10% of foetal calf serum (FCS) have been added, and the cells are collected by centrifugation. Another step of mechanical dissociation is carried out using the end of a 1 ml pipette. The cells are plated out at a density of l.SxlO6 cells per 25 cm2 of culture medium in DMEM containing 10% of FCS. After 2 days in vitro, the cultures are fed each day throughout the duration of the study. When a visible monolayer of cells is obtained, the cultures are shaken for 48 hours at 250 rpm and, the following day, the monolayers are treated with cytosine arabinoside (10~5 M) for 48 hours. The monolayers of astrocytes are then amplified at a density of five per 35 mm on culture plates for 25 cm2 culture flasks at the start of the study.
The cultures of spinal astrocytes are composed of more than 98% cells which are immunoreactive for glial fibrilary acidic protein (GFAP) .
The astrocyte monolayers are exposed either to PBS alone (controls) or to the product to be tested

in solution in PBS, for 24 hours at a concentration of 0.1 ng/ml to 10 ng/ml. The astrocyte monolayers are then washed with DMEM and maintained for 2 hours with culture medium to which the motoneurons are added.
Two hours after feeding, and for 2 or 3 days, the vehicle or the product to be tested is again added to the culture medium.
IMMUNOCHEMICAL IDENTIFICATION OF MOTONEURONS
The cells are fixed in 4% paraformaldehyde and 0.1% glutaraldehyde in PBS (pH 7.4 at 4°C for 15 minutes). The cultures are then washed and the nonspecific sites are blocked with 2% bovine serum albumin (BSA) in PBS and 0.1% Triton X100R. These cultures are successively incubated with p75LNGRF antibodies (article by Chandler mentioned above) overnight at 4°C and with biotinylated goat serum (1/125 Gibco) and streptavidene-peroxidase (1/200, Gibco) for 60 minutes. The antibodies are visualized using the DAB/hydrogen peroxide reaction.
CELL COUNTING AND STATISTICAL ANALYSIS
The cells which are immunoreactive for the low activity neutrophin receptor p75lng£r and which exhibit neurites longer than the diameters of 4 cells are considered to be viable motoneurons. The number of motoneurons is evaluated by counting the labelled cells

within a surface area of 0.825 cm2 under a microscope with a 200-fold magnification. The values are expressed as a number of motoneurons per cm2 or a percentage of the number of motoneurons present in the cultures maintained in the absence of trophic factor compared to the control. The experiments are carried out at least 3 times.
The statistical analyses are carried out using the Student's test (t-test).
By pretreating with the oligosaccharides of the present invention, the number of motoneurons which grow on the astrocyte monolayer is increased by 20 to 50%.
The following examples are representative of the preparation of the oligosaccharides of formula (I) and of the intermediates.
In these examples, the abbreviations have the following meanings:
Als: (4-deoxy-2-0-sulfo-a-L-threo-hex-
enopyranosyluronic acid)- (l-»4) -2-deoxy-2-sulfoamino-6-0-sulfo-a-D-glucopyranose, tetrasodium salt, or AUAp2S-(l->4)- a-D-GlcNp2S6S
Is: (2-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid)- (l->4) -2-deoxy-2-sulfoamino-6-0-sulfo-a-D-glucopyranose, tetrasodium salt, (2-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid) - (l->4)-2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-

glucopyranose, tetrasodium salt, or a-L-idoAp2S- (l-»4) -
a-D-GlcNp2S6S
Us: (a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid) - (1—»4 ) -2-deoxy-6-0-
sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranose, trisodium salt,
or a-L-idoAp-(l-»4) - a-D-GlcNp2S6S
Ills: (2-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid)- (1—»4 ) -2-
deoxy-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranose, trisodium salt,
or a-L-idoAp2S-(l-»4)- a-D-GlcNp2S
IdoAp: idopyranosyluronic acid
GlcNp: 2-amino-2-deoxyglucopyranose
AUap: 4-deoxy-a-L-threo-hexenopyranosyluronic acid
S: sulfate.
EXAMPLES OF PREPARATION OF THE INTERMEDIATE MIXTURES OF FORMULA (II)
EXAMPLE A - Preparation of the oligosaccharides of formula (II) for which n = 0, 1 and 2 by enzymatic depolymerization and separation
25 g of heparin are dissolved in 250 ml of a phosphate buffer solution containing 0.05 mol/1 of NaH2P04/Na2HP04 (pH = 7), 0.02 mol/1 of sodium chloride and 2% BSA (bovine serum albumin). 7 IU of heparinase I (EC 4.2.2.2.7) are introduced into the mixture, and the solution obtained is cooled to 15°C and then kept at this temperature throughout the depolymerization

reaction. The progress of the reaction is monitored by taking aliquot samples at intervals, which are analyzed by gel permeation chromatography. After 9 days, the enzymatic reaction is stopped by heating the reaction medium at 100°C for two minutes. The cooled mixture is then lyophilized. An oligosaccharide mixture (III) is thus obtained.
The oligosaccharide mixture (III) obtained is then chromatographed according to the following method: the chromatography is carried out on columns filled with polyacrylamide-agarose gel known under the name Ultrogel ACA 202, and the mixture is eluted with a solution containing a phosphate buffer (0.02 mol/1 NaH2P04/Na2HP04) pH = 7 and 0.1 mol/1 of sodium chloride. The detection is performed by UV spectrometry (254 nm) and ionic spectrometry (IBF). The products can optionally be purified by SAX (strong anion exchange) chromatography or by fractional precipitation according to the method described in patent FR 2 548 672. The product fractions recovered are lyophilized and then desalified on a column filled with Sephadex G10R gel (Pharmacia Biochemicals).
By this method, 3 g of disaccharide Als and 1100 mg of a hexasaccharide mixture typically containing 55% of ADIs-Is-Is derivative, 35% of Als-Is-IIs and 10% of Als-Is-IIIs are obtained. The latter mixture can be purified according to the methods known

to persons skilled in the art in order to separate each one of the constituents therefrom, or can be used in its current state for conversion into reduced derivatives of formula (I) .
EXAMPLE B - Preparation of the oligosaccharides of formula (II) for which n = 0, 1, 2, 3 or 4 by depolymerization of the benzyl ester of heparin and separation
a - Preparation of the benzyl ester of heparin
The benzyl ester of heparin is prepared according to Example 3 of US patent 5 389 618.
b- Depolymerization
100 g of benzyl ester of heparin are
dissolved in 1.9 1 of demineralized water. The mixture is brought to 60°C with stirring. After obtaining a homogeneous solution, about 35 ml of a 23% sodium hydroxide solution are introduced in a single portion. After reaction for 10 minutes, the solution is then cooled and neutralized with 80 ml of an approximately 2 N acetic acid solution. 10% by weight/volume of sodium acetate is added to this solution. The oligosaccharide mixture is precipitated by adding about 2 volumes of methanol. The precipitate is isolated by filtration, washed twice with methanol and dried under

reduced pressure at 50°C. After drying, 73.8 g of an
oligosaccharide mixture (II) are obtained.
c - Enrichment in oligosaccharide for which n = 1
30 g of the oligosaccharide mixture obtained above are dissolved in about 35 volumes of water. This solution is ultrafiltered through a 3 kDa membrane (Pellicon). When 600 ml of permeate have been drawn, the retentate is diluted with 500 ml of water. The operation is continued until an additional 450 ml of permeate have been drawn. The two fractions of permeate are combined and then concentrated to dryness under reduced pressure. 6.1 g of a yellowish-white solid are obtained. Analysis of the solid by gel permeation chromatography indicates that it contains about 30% of oligosaccharide of formula (II) for which n = 1.
d - Fractionation of the ultrafiltered oligosaccharide mixtures
The enriched mixture is fractionated on columns filled with polyacrylamide-agarose gel known under the name Ultrogel ACA 202 (4 columns in series, of diameter 10 cm and length 50 cm, are used). 5 g of the mixture enriched by ultrafiltration are dissolved in 25 ml of water, and then eluted with a 0.2 mol/1 sodium chloride solution at a rate of 5 ml/min. 25-ml fractions are collected at the bottom of the column.

Detection of the products is performed by UV spectrometry (254 nm) and ionic spectrometry (IBF). The fractions of product for which n = 1 are recovered, lyophilized and then desalified on a column filled with Sephadex G10 gel. After lyophilization, 1 g of tetrasaccharide typically containing 70% of Als-Is derivative of formula II (Ri, R2, RS, RS, R?, Re = S03Na; R4, R6 = H and M = Na) is obtained. The Als-Is derivative can optionally be purified by SAX (strong anion exchange) chromatography or, according to a preferred aspect, by fractional precipitation according to the method described in patent FR 2 548 672 and the variant described in the present invention.
EXAMPLES OF PREPARATION OF THE OLIGOSACCHARIDES OF FORMULA (I)
EXAMPLE 1
A solution, at 25°C, of 300 mg of an
oligosaccharide of formula (II) in which n is equal to 0, RI, Rv and Re represent an SOsM radical, Re represents a hydrogen atom and M is sodium, in 2 ml of water, is introduced into a reactor. 212 mg of sodium borohydride are added in a single portion, with stirring. The pH is then adjusted to between 9 and 10 by addition of a 0.5 mol/1 sodium hydroxide solution. After 12 hours, acetic acid is added gradually until a pH between 4 and 5 is obtained. The mixture is stirred for 1 hour, and then the pH is readjusted to 6.7 by addition of 0.5 mol/1 sodium hydroxide. The mixture is then concentrated to dryness at 50°C under reduced pressure. The concentrate is dispersed, with magnetic stirring, in 10 ml of methanol. After sedimentation overnight, the suspension is filtered through a Whatman GF/B membrane. The solid on the filter is dissolved by passing 2 portions of 10 ml of distilled water. This solution is then concentrated to dryness at 50°C under reduced pressure. 580 mg of a white solid are obtained. The solid is then dispersed, with magnetic stirring, in 15 ml of methanol. After stirring for 30 minutes, the suspension is filtered through a Whatman GF/B membrane.
The cake is dissolved by passing 2 portions of 10 ml of distilled water. The solution obtained is concentrated to dryness at 50°C under reduced pressure. 250 mg of an oligosaccharide of formula (I) for which n is equal to 0, RI, RI and R8 represent an SOsM radical, R6 represents a hydrogen atom and M is sodium are thus obtained, in the form of a mixture of diastereoisomers. The sugars constituting the disaccharides are noted from I to II, I being the reduced residue and II being the unsaturated uronic acid residue [(4-deoxy-2-0-sulfo-a-L-threohex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4)-2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-D-glucitol, tetrasodium salt); (4-deoxy-2-0-sulf o-ct-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4)-2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-D-mannitol, tetrasodium salt): proton spectrum in D2O, 600 MHz, T=305 K, 8 in ppm: 3.38 (1H, m, H-2(I>), 3.70 and 3.75 (1H each, respectively dd, J=6 and 12 Hz and dd, J=5 and 12 Hz, 2H-1(I)), 3.86 (1H, t, J=5 Hz, H-3(I)), 4.13 (1H, dd, J=8 and 11 Hz, H-6(I)), 4.18 (1H, m, H-4(I)), 4.25 (2H, m, H-6(I) andH-3(II)), 4.35 (1H, m, H-5(I)), 4.65 (1H, m, H-2(II)), 5.67 (1H, s, H-1(II)), 6.00 (1H, d, J=5 Hz, H-4(II)) ] .
EXAMPLE 2
A solution, at 25°C, of 60 mg of an
oligosaccharide of formula (II) in which n is equal to 0, RI, R2, RS/ RS/ Rv and R8 represent an S03M radical, R4
and Re represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium, in 1.2 ml of water, is introduced into a reactor. 18 mg of sodium borohydride are added in a single portion, with stirring. The pH is then adjusted to between 9 and 10 by addition of a 0.5 mol/1 sodium hydroxide solution. After 12 hours, acetic acid is added gradually until a pH between 4 and 5 is obtained. The mixture is stirred for 1 hour, and then 5 ml of methanol are added. The suspension is filtered through a Whatman GF/B membrane, and the recovered solid is rinsed with twice 0.5 ml of methanol. After drying, 42 mg of an oligosaccharide of formula (I) for which n is equal to 1, RI, R2, RS, R5, R7 and RS represent an SOsM radical, R4 and Re represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium are obtained, in the form of a mixture of diastereoisomers. The sugars constituting the tetrasaccharides are noted from I to IV, I being the reduced residue and IV being the unsaturated uronic acid residue [(4-deoxy-2-0-sulfo-a-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid- (1—>4) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (1—»4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4) -2-deoxy-2-sulfoamino-6-O-sulfo-D-glucitol, octasodium salt); (4-deoxy-2-0-sulfo-a-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (l->4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-D-mannitol, octasodium salt): proton spectrum in D20, 400 MHz,
T=298 K, 6 in ppm: 3.25 (1H, dd, J=10 and 3 Hz, H-2(III)), 3.37 (1H, m, H-2(I)), 3.59 (1H, m, H-3(III)), 3.75 (2H, m, 2H-1(I)), 3.79 (1H, t, J=9 Hz, H-4(III)), 3.86 (1H, m, H-3(I)), between 4.05 and 4.40 (10H, broad peak, H-4(I)/H-5(I)/2H-6(I), H-2 (II) /H-3 (II) /H-4 (II)) , 2H-6(III), H-3(IV)), 4.58 (1H, m, H-2(IV>), 4.60 (1H, m, H-5(II)), 5.27 (1H, d, J=4 Hz, H-1(II>), 5.42 (1H, d, J=4 Hz, H-1(III)), 5.47 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H-1(IV)), 5.95 (1H, d, J=5 Hz, H-4(IV)) ] .
EXAMPLE 3
A solution, at 25°C, of 100 mg of an
oligosaccharide of formula (II) in which n is equal to 2, RI, R2, F-3r Rsr RV and R8 represent an S03M radical, R4 and R6 represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium, in 2 ml of water, is introduced into a reactor. 20 mg of sodium borohydride are added in a single portion, with stirring. The pH is then adjusted to between 9 and 10 by addition of a 0.5 mol/1 sodium hydroxide solution. After 12 hours, acetic acid is added gradually until a pH between 4 and 5 is obtained. The mixture is stirred for 1 hour, and then the pH is readjusted to 6.7 by addition of 0.5 mol/1 sodium hydroxide. The mixture is then diluted with a sufficient quantity of distilled water to obtain 20 ml. 2.5 g of sodium acetate are added and 3 volumes of methanol are run in. The suspension is filtered on a Whatman GF/B membrane, and
the recovered solid is rinsed with twice 2 ml of methanol. After drying, 61 mg of an oligosaccharide of formula (I) for which n is equal to 2, RI, R2, RS, RS, Rv and RS represent an SOsM radical, R4 and Re represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium are obtained, in the form of a mixture of diastereoisomers. The sugars constituting the hexasaccharides are noted from I to VI, I being the reduced residue and VI being the unsaturated uronic acid residue. [(4-Deoxy-2-0-sulfo-a-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4)-2-deoxy-2-sulfoamino-6-O-sulfo-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (1—»4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—>4) -2-deoxy-2-sulfoamino-6-O-sulfo-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (1—»4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (l->4)-2-deoxy-2-sulfoamino-6-O-sulfo-D-glucitol, dodecasodium salt); (4-deoxy-2-0-sulfo-a-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid- (l-»4) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (l-»4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (l->4) -2-deoxy6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl-(1^4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—>4) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-D-mannitol, dodecasodium salt): proton spectrum in D20, 600 MHz, T=305 K, 5 in ppm: 3.25 (2H, m, H-2(III) and (V)) , 3.38 (1H, m, H-2(I)), 3.61 (2H, t, J=10 Hz, H-3(III) and ), 4.07 (1H, m, H-4(IV)), 4.08 (1H, m, H-4(I)),
between 4.10 and 4.45 (13H, broad peak, H-5(I) /2H-6(I), H-2(II)/H-3(II)/H-4(II>, 2H-6(III), H-2 (IV> /H-3 (IV), 2H-6(V), H-3(VI)), 4.60 (1H, s, H-2(VI)), 4.62 (1H, s, H-5(II)), 4.78 (1H, s, H-5(IV)), 5.17 (1H, s, H-1(IV)), 5.28 (1H, d, J=4 Hz, H-1(II>), 5.38 (1H, d, J=3 Hz, H-1(V)), 5.44 (1H, d, J=3 Hz, H-1(III)), 5.47 (1H, d, J=2 Hz, H-1(VI)), 5.96 (1H, d, J=5 Hz, H-4(VI)) ] .
EXAMPLE 4
A solution, at 25°C, of 100 mg of an
oligosaccharide of formula (II) in which n is equal to 3, RI, R2, RS, RS, Rv and [email protected] represent an SC^M radical, R4 and Re represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium, in 2 ml of water, is introduced into a reactor. 30 mg of sodium borohydride are added in two portions, with stirring. The pH is then adjusted to between 9 and 10 by addition of a 0.5 mol/1 sodium hydroxide solution. After 12 hours, acetic acid is added gradually until a pH between 4 and 5 is obtained. The mixture is stirred for 1 hour, and then the pH is readjusted to 6.7 by addition of 0.5 mol/1 sodium hydroxide. The mixture is then diluted with a sufficient quantity of distilled water to obtain 20 ml. 2 g of sodium acetate are added and 3 volumes of methanol are run in. The suspension is filtered on a Whatman GF/B membrane, and the recovered solid is rinsed with twice 1 ml of methanol. After drying, 68 mg of a white solid are obtained. After HPLC

(high pressure liquid chromatography) monitoring, since the product is not totally reduced, all the preceding operations are entirely repeated. After drying, 45 mg of an oligosaccharide of formula (I) for which n is equal to 3, RI, R2, RS, RS, R? and R8 represent an S03M radical, R4 and Re represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium are obtained, in the form of a mixture of diastereoisomers. The sugars constituting the octasaccharides are noted from I to VIII, I being the reduced residue and VIII being the unsaturated uronic acid residue, [(4-deoxy-2-0-sulfo-a-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid-(l->4) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (l->4)-2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (l-»4) -2-deoxy-2-sulfoamino-6-0-sulfo-ct-D-glucopyranosyl- (l->4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4) -2-deoxy6-O-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (1—»4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid-(1—»4 ) -2-deoxy-6-O-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-D-glucitol, hexadecasodium salt); (4-deoxy-2-0-sulfo-a-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid-(l-»4)-2-deoxy-6-O-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (l->4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4)-2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (1—>4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (1—»4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1^4) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-D-mannitol,

hexadecasodium salt): proton spectrum in D20, 600 MHz, T=305 K, 5 in ppm: 3.25 (3H, m, H-2(III), H-2(V), H-2(VII>), 3.38 (1H, m, H-2(I>), 3.61 (3H, m, H-3(III>, H-3(V), H-3(VII>), between 3.70 and 3.83 (5H, broad peak, 2H-1(I) and H-4(III), H-4(V), H-4(VII)), 3.86 (1H, t, J=5 Hz, H-3(I)), 4.00 (3H, m, H-5(III), H-5(v>, H-5(VII)), 4.08 (3H, m, H-4(I), H-4(IV), H-4(VI)), between 4.10 and 4.45 (17H, broad peak, H-5(I)/2H-6(I), H-2 (II) /H-3 (II) /H-4 (II) , 2H-6(III), H-2(IV)/H-3(IV), 2H-6(V>, H-2(VI) /H-3(VI), 2H-6(VII), H-3(VIII)), 4.59 (1H, s, H-2(VIII)), 4.62 (1H, s, H-5(II)), 4.78 (2H, s, H-5(IV), H-5(VI)), 5.17 (2H, s, H-1(IV), H-1(VI)), 5.28 (1H, d, J=4 Hz, H-1(II)), 5.38 (2H, m, H-1(V>, H-1(VII)), 5.44 (1H, d, J=3 Hz, H-1(III)), 5.47 (1H, s, H-1(VIII)), 5.96 (1H, d, J=5 Hz, H-4(VIII))].
EXAMPLE 5
A solution, at 25°C, of 65 mg of an
oligosaccharide of formula (II) in which n is equal to 4, RI, R2/ RS/ RS/ Rv and R8 represent an S03M radical, R4 and R6 represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium, in 1.2 ml of water, is introduced into a reactor. 18 mg of sodium borohydride are added in a single portion, with stirring. The pH is then adjusted to between 9 and 10 by addition of a 0.5 mol/1 sodium hydroxide solution. After 12 hours, acetic acid is added gradually until a pH between 4 and 5 is obtained. The mixture is stirred for 1 hour, and then the pH is readjusted to 6.7 by

addition of 0.5 mol/1 sodium hydroxide. The mixture is then diluted with 3 ml of an aqueous solution of 10% sodium acetate, and 3 volumes of methanol (12 ml) are run in. The suspension is filtered, and the recovered solid is rinsed with 3 ml of methanol. After drying, 54 mg of an oligosaccharide of formula (I) for which n is equal to 4, RI, Ra, RS, RS, RV and R& represent an S03M radical, R4 and R6 represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium are obtained, in the form of a mixture of diastereoisomers. The sugars constituting the decasaccharides are noted from I to X, I being the reduced residue and X being the unsaturated uronic acid residue. [(4-Deoxy-2-0-sulfo-a-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid- (1—>4) -2-deoxy-2-sulfoamino-6-0-sulfo-oc-D-glucopyranosyl- (l-»4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulf oamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (1—>4) -2-0-sulf o-cc-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4 ) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (l->4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (l-»4) -2-deoxy6-O-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (1—>4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—»4 ) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-D-glucitol, eicosodium salt); (4-deoxy-2-0-sulfo-a-L-threo-hex-4-enopyranosyluronic acid- (1—>4) -2-deoxy-6-O-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl-(1—>4 ) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (l->4) -2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (l->4) -2-0-

sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid-(l->4) -2-deoxy-6-O-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-a-D-glucopyranosyl- (l->4 ) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—>4)-2-deoxy-6-O-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-ct-D-glucopyranosyl- (1—>4) -2-0-sulfo-a-L-idopyranosyluronic acid- (1—>4)-2-deoxy-6-0-sulfo-2-sulfoamino-D-mannitol, eicosodium salt): proton spectrum in D20, 600 MHz, T=303 K, 5 in ppm: 3.23 (4H, m, H-2(III), H-2(V), H-2(VII), H-2(IX)), 3.35 (1H, m, H-2(I>), 3.59 (4H, m, H-3(III>, H-3(v), H-3(VII), H-3(IX)), between 3.65 and 3.80 (6H, m) , 3.85 (1H, m, H-3(I>), between 3.90 and 4.40 (29H, m) , 4.57 (1H, m, H-2(x)), 4.59 (1H, m, H-5(II)), 4.75 (3H, m, H-5(IV>, H-5(VI), H-5(VIII)), 5.15 (3H, m, H-1(IV), H-1(VI), H-1(VIII)), 5.25 (1H, m, H-1(II)), 5.37 (3H, m, H-1(V), H-1(VII), H-1(IX)), 5.42 (1H, m, H-1(III)), 5.45 (1H, m, H-1(X)), 5.93 (1H, d, J=5 Hz, H-4(X)) .
The medicinal products according to the invention comprise, as active principle, at least one oligosaccharide of formula (I) or a mixture of oligosaccharides of formula (I), in the form of a composition in which it is combined with any other pharmaceutically compatible product, which can be inert or physiologically active. The medicinal products according to the invention can be used via the intravenous, subcutaneous, oral, rectal, topical or pulmonary (inhalation) route.

The sterile compositions for intravenous or subcutaneous administration are generally aqueous solutions. These compositions can also contain adjuvants, in particular wetting agents, isotonifying agents, emulsifiers, dispersants and stabilizers. The sterilization can be carried out in several ways, for example by aseptic filtration, by incorporating sterilizing agents into the composition or by irradiation. They can also be prepared in the form of sterile solid compositions which can be dissolved, at the time of use, in sterile water or any other injectable sterile medium.
Solid compositions for oral administration which can be used are tablets, pills, powders (gelatin capsules or cachets) or granules. In these compositions, the active principle is mixed with one or more inert diluents, such as starch, cellulose, sucrose, lactose or silica, under a stream of argon.
These compositions can also comprise
substances other than diluents, for example one or more lubricants such as magnesium stearate or talc, an agent for promoting oral absorption, a dye, a coating (dragees) or a varnish.
Liquid compositions for oral administration which can be used are pharmaceutically acceptable solutions, suspensions, emulsions, syrups and elixirs containing inert diluents such as water, ethanol,

glycerol, plant oils or liquid paraffin. These compositions can comprise substances other than diluents, for example wetting products, sweeteners, thickeners, flavorings or stabilizers.
The compositions for rectal administration are suppositories or rectal capsules which contain, besides the active product, excipients such as cocoa butter, semi-synthetic glycerides or polyethylene glycols.
The compositions for topical administration can be, for example, creams, lotions, eye drops, throat sprays, nasal drops or aerosols.
The doses depend upon the desired effect, the duration of the treatment and the route of administration used; they are generally between 0.5 mg and 10 mg per kg per day, subcutaneously, i.e. 3 to 60 mg per day for a 60 kg adult.
In general, the doctor will determine the appropriate dosage as a function of the age, the weight and all the other personal factors of the individual to be treated.
The invention also relates to the use of the oligosaccharides according to the invention, for preparing a medicinal product which is useful for preventing or treating diseases associated with an inflammatory process involving the production of

nitrite oxide (NO), or which are useful for motoneuron survival and growth.
The invention is particularly advantageous for the use of the oligosaccharides of formula (I), for preparing medicinal products which are useful for preventing and treating cerebral, cardiac or peripheral vascular ischemias, osteoarthritis, traumas of the central nervous system, cranial, spinal or craniospinal traumas, multiple sclerosis, neuropathic pain and peripheral neuropathies, motoneuron diseases, amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, neuro-AIDS, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Huntington's chorea.
The invention also relates to the method for preventing or for treating diseases associated with an inflammatory process involving the production of cytotoxic substances such as nitrite oxide (NO) and diseases associated with motoneuron survival and growth. The oligosaccharides of formula (I) can thus be used for preventing and/or treating neurodegenerative diseases for which cerebral inflammation plays a deleterious role which can lead to death, among which mention may be made of cerebral ischemias, cardiac ischemias (myocardial infarction), peripheral ischemias, traumas of the central nervous system and in particular cranial, spinal and craniospinal traumas, multiple sclerosis, neuropathic pain and peripheral neuropathies, motoneuron diseases such as amyotrophic

lateral sclerosis, progressive spinal atrophy, infantile muscular atrophy and primary lateral sclerosis, neuro-AIDS, Alzheimer's disease, Parkinson's disease and Huntington's chorea and certain forms of osteoarthritis, in particular with articular localization.
The present invention also relates to the method for preventing and/or for treating motoneuron diseases such as amyotrophic lateral sclerosis, progressive spinal atrophy, infantile muscular atrophy and primary lateral sclerosis.










We claim;

1. Oligosaccharide of
(Formula Removed)


having anti-inflammatory properties;
in which n is an integer from 0 to 25, R1, R3, R4, R5, R6 and R8, which are
identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom or an SO3M radical, R2
and R7, which are identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom or an
SO3M or COCH3 radical, and M is sodium, calcium, magnesium or
potassium, with the exception of those for which n is equal to 0 and;
R1, Re and Rs are hydrogen atoms, R7 represents an SO3M or COCH3
radical and M is sodium,
R1 and Re represent a hydrogen atom, R7 represents a COCH3 radical, R8
represents SO3M and M is sodium.
R6 and R7 represents a hydrogen and Rs represents SO3M and M is
sodium,
R1, R7 or R6 and R7 represent hydrogen atoms, R1, R6 and R7 represent a
hydrogen atom and Rs represents SO3M and M is sodium.
Oligosaccharide of formula (I) as claimed in claim 1, for which R4 and R6 represent a hydrogen atom.
3. Oligosaccharide of formula (I) as claimed in either of claims 1 or 2, for which n is an integer from 0 to 10.

4. Oligosaccharide of formula (I) as claimed in either of claims 1 or 2, for which n is an integer from 0 to 6.
5. Oligosaccharide of formula (I) as claimed in either of claims 1 or 2, for which n is an integer from 1 to 6.
6. Oligosaccharide of formula (I) as claimed in claim 1, for which n is equal to 1, R1, R3, R4, R5, R7 and R8 represent an SO3M radical, R4 and R6 represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium.
7. Oligosaccharide of formula (I) as claimed in claim 1, for which n is equal to 2, R1, R3, R4, R5, R7 and R8 represent an SO3M radical, R4 and R6 represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium.
8. Oligosaccharide of formula (I) as claimed in claim 1, for which n is equal to 3, R1, R3, R4, R5, R7 and R8 represent an SO3M radical, R4 and R6 represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium.
9. Oligosaccharide of formula (I) as claimed in claim 1, for which n is equal to 4, R1, R3, R4, R5, R7 and R8 represent an SO3M radical, R4 and R6 represent a hydrogen atom and M is sodium.
10. Oligosaccharide of formula (I) or mixtures thereof as claimed in claims 1 to 9 as and when used as active principle in a pharmaceutical composition.
11. Method for preparing the oligosaccharides of formula (I) as claimed in claim 1, characterized in that an alkali metal borohydride or a quaternary ammonium borohydride is reacted with oligosaccharides of formula:
(Formula Removed)


in which n is an integer from 0 to 25, R1, R3, R4 and R5, which are identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom or an SO3M radical, R2 and R6, which are identical or different, represent a hydrogen atom or an SO3M or COCH3 radical, and M is sodium, calcium, magnesium or potassium, and the oligosaccharides are isolated, wherein the reaction is carried out in aqueous medium, at a temperature in the vicinity of 25°C and at a pH from 7 to 10.
12. Method as claimed in claim 11, wherein the reaction pH is from 9 to 10.
13. Method as claimed in claims 11 and 12, wherein the alkali metal
borohydride or quaternary ammonium borohydride is lithium
borohydride, sodium borohydride, potassium borohydride or
tetrabutylammonium borohydride.


Documents:


Patent Number 233341
Indian Patent Application Number IN/PCT/2002/00945/DEL
PG Journal Number 13/2009
Publication Date 27-Mar-2009
Grant Date 28-Mar-2009
Date of Filing 25-Sep-2002
Name of Patentee AVENTIS PHARMA S.A.
Applicant Address 20 AVENUE RAYMOND ARON, F-92160 ANTONY, FRANCE.
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 PIERRE MOURIER 1 RUE ETIENNE MEHUL F-94220 CHARENTON LE PONT, FRANCE.
2 ELISABETH PERRIN 23 RUE PORTEVIN, F-27000 EVREUX, FRANCE.
3 CHRISTIAN VISKOV 3 RUE DU BEARN, F-91130 RIS ORANGIS, FRANCE.
PCT International Classification Number C07H 15/04
PCT International Application Number PCT/FR01/00903
PCT International Filing date 2001-03-26
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 00/03910 2000-03-28 France