|Title of Invention||
"A SAFETY APPARATUS FOR SHEATHING A MEDICAL NEEDLE AND THE METHOD FOR THE SAME"
|Abstract||Parts which may be integrally molded with a phlebotomy barrel or with a Luer fitting to provide, in a single molded part, an extendable safety enclosure for a medical cannula in phlebotomy, syringe and other general medical needle applications. Integrally molded part phlebotomy safety devices are disclosed which require only the integrally-molded part, a medical needle, a label and a transport needle cover to form a ready-to-use phlebotomy device. Upon removal of the label and needle cover, the device is ready for use in a medical procedure. The enclosure comprises a plurality of rigid segments serially connected by a plurality of intersegment hinges, which are preferably living hinges The segments are disposed about a medical needle, folded upon each other during the medical procedure and extended at the end of the procedure to form a secure, substantially rigid safety shroud. During the procedure, the enclosure is folded and conveniently disposed about a proximal portion of the needle. At the end of the procedure, the enclosure is extended to protectively sheath and secure the needle in a substantially rigid structure formed in combination by the enclosure and the needle.|
|Full Text||Field of Invention
This invention relates generally to safety devices for hollow bore medical needles and particularly to medical phlebotomy, syringe, butterfly and other hollow needle products, which comprise protective needle sheaths for securely shielding sharp medical needle tips after being withdrawn from a patient. This invention more particularly relates to sheaths or shrouds which are extended to a locked, needle-covering position after the needle is withdrawn from the patient. Prior Art
Problems associated with inadvertent needle sticks are well known in the art of blood sampling, percutaneous medication injection and other medical procedures involving uses of medical needles. Ever increasing attention is being paid to needle stick problems due to the contemporary sensitivity of exposure to AIDS, Hepatitis and other serious blood-borne diseases.
Commonly, procedures involving removing a needle from a patient require a technician to use one hand to place pressure at the wound site, where the needle is being withdrawn while removing the needle apparatus with the other hand. It is common practice for a tending technician to give higher priority to care for the wound than is given to disposal of a needle. In the case of commonly used, non-safety devices, such priority either requires convenience of an available sharps container within ready reach or another means for safe disposal without leaving the patient's side. Providing adequate care is often compounded by patient condition and mental state (e.g., in burn units and psychiatric wards). Under such conditions, it is often difficult, if not impossible, to take appropriate procedures to properly dispose of a used, exposed needle while caring for a patient.
Widespread knowledge and history associated with needle care and disposal problems have resulted in conception and disclosure of a large number of devices each of which represents an attempt to provide not only a solution to the problem of needle sticks, but also a device which is commercially viable (i.e., cost and price competitive with currently used non-safety devices).
Examples of disclosures of safety devices, which protect needles by moving a protective shield over a sharp end of a syringe or other hollow bore medical needle, are
found in U.S. Patent 5,348,544, issued September 20, 1994 to Sweeney etal. (Sweeney), U.S. Patent 5,246,428 issued September 21,1993 to Donald W. Falknor (Falknor), U.S. Patent 5,256,153 issued October 26,1993 to Lawrence W. Hake (Hake) and U.S. Patents 5,139,489 and 5,154,285, issued August 18,1992 and October 13,1992, respectively, to William H. Hollister (Hollister). There are many other examples of safety devices which retract needles into housings, however, this instant invention is more directly related to devices which extend a shield over a needle rather than to those which employ needle retraction.
Sweeney discloses a device comprising a guard which is manually, slidably
movable along a needle canula from a position proximal to a user to a distal position
where the needle tip is shielded. The device comprises a hinged arm which extends along
the needle canula and which is moved distally to collapse upon itself to extend the shield
over the tip. Access to the tip is denied by a metallic clip. An alternative embodiment
is also disclosed wherein the manual operation is augmented by a spring. A device based
upon Sweeney is currently being distributed by Becton Dickinson and Company, Franklin
Lakes, New Jersey in which three separate parts (two injection molded and one metal
clip) are used to mechanize the guard. Once the device is extended to shield a needle tip.
it cannot be easily reset to recover use of the needle for a subsequent procedure. Also,
the hinged arm requires activation in the region of the needle itself and comprises parts
which are of a size that occasionally impedes a user's line of sight to insertion locations.
Falkner, and related disclosures, disclose devices comprising shields which are
automatically releasible to extend distally from a user to cover a needle. The devices
comprise latch mechanisms which are manually switched between unlatched and latched
positions to free the needle for use and to lock the shield over the needle, respectively.
Of course, the position of the latch mechanism provides a visual interpretation of the
safety of the device (i.e., whether or not a latch is engaged). However, this is the only
safety mechanism and a "missed" indicator of the latch mechanism position may be
possible in stressful circumstances. When the latch mechanism is in the unlatched
position, access to the needle is not only possible, but likely, when the front of the device
is impacted by a body part. In addition, the shield, though made of transparent material,
covers a portion of an attached syringe body until fully extended and may make reading
portions of the volume measurement indicia on the syringe body difficult to read with accuracy when the syringe is being used in a titrating application.
Hake is representative of a disclosure of devices comprising a manually slidable guard, which is disposed over a syringe body during a medical procedure involving a medical syringe needle and which is manually, slidably moved distally into a needle guarding position usually at the end of the procedure. Users of such devices commonly complain of the difficulty of seeing measurement indicia while the guard is disposed over the syringe body and of danger of inadvertent needle sticks while sliding the guard distally to cover the needle. Also, it is generally difficult to determine whether a guard is in a locked or unlocked state when it covers the needle, leading to an additional possibility of an inadvertent needle stick.
Hollister discloses a needle protection device which may be used with a double-ended needle assembly or with a simpler single needle system. The protection device comprises a substantially rigid housing flexibly connected to a container (for a vacuum tube sampling system) or to a needle hub. To exercise the protection device, the rigid member is pivotally rotated into engagement with an exposed needle of the double-ended needle assembly and is securely affixed to the" exposed needle. A major drawback of the needle protection device of Hollister is the size and position of the rigid housing. During the use of an assembly or system in a medical procedure, the length and position of the housing member is considered inconvenient by some. A second drawback is the requirement either for two handed operation to pivot the housing to engage the needle, or the requirement to find and use a stable support surface against which the housing is pressed while the needle is swung into engagement with the housing. In a currently marketed format, an integral container holder version of the device disclosed by Hollister comprises two injection molded parts which permit the housing to be rotated, as much as possible, out of the way during a medical procedure. Such a format requires five injection molded parts, including a disposable needle assembly.
Generally, other than the acceptance of the type of operation offered by such devices, commercial viability is dependent upon manufacturing cost. Purchase decisions in the area in which these devices are used are very cost sensitive. If gains in either improvement in safety or in labor savings are not found to make a device sufficiently
competitive with contemporary competitive items, those devices are usually not found to be commercially viable. In U.S. Patent 5,480,385, from which this patent filing continues, a medical needle safety phlebotomy apparatus disclosing an integrally constructed barrel and medical needle assembly fabricated and used as a single disposable unit is disclosed. By making the apparatus unitary including both the barrel and needle, only four injection molded parts are required. Four injection molded parts in a needle retraction safety device are emphasized therein as a significant factor in cost reduction. Motivation for providing a cost competitive self-retracting needle apparatus coupled with improved safety of use of the apparatus are the basis for conception of the instant inventions disclosed herein.
BRIEF SUMMARY AND OBJECTS OF THE INVENTION In brief summary, the novel inventions disclosed herein dramatically diminish known major problems resulting from injury-related needle sticks which occur when needle tips are bared as medical needles are withdrawn from a patient at the end of a needle insertion procedure. Perhaps more important to general patient welfare, these inventions provide an opportunity for the fabrication of a very low cost safety needle system. A low cost is achieved by a dramatic reduction in the injection molded parts, wherein a needle covering safety sheath is integrally molded with other parts such as a hub of the needle or a barrel segment of an integral phlebotomy device.
In current, standard non-safety phlebotomy devices, each needle assembly generally comprises a cannula having two sharpened ends to form a medical needle, a needle hub, a blood valve sheath (commonly called a snubber), two covers for protecting both sharp ends and a paper seal to tape the two covers together and form an environmental protective barrier for the needle prior to use. Thus, with the barrel, six parts (including four injection molded parts) are currently used in contemporary, non-safety systems. In the phlebotomy application, employment of the instant inventions disclosed and claimed herein produces a safety phlebotomy device requiring only two injection molded parts, and only five parts overall. This number of parts compares well with the number of parts required in barrel and needle assemblies, which make up the
contemporary non-safety systems, and is much better when compared against other safety phlebotomy systems.
Generally, the basis for the invention is a foldable needle sheath which folds about
a medical needle to permit access to the needle in a medical procedure. The sheath is
hingeably attached to structure (e.g., a needle hub or phlebotomy barrel) at a point away
from a sharpened needle tip which is later enclosed to protect a user. At the end of the
procedure, the sheath is unfolded and extended away from the structure in the direction
of the needle tip to encase and thereby protect users from contact with the needle and its
tip. To permit the sheath to unfold about the needle, each folded part of the sheath is
serially constructed of a plurality of rigid segments. Each segment comprises an orifice
through which the needle passes and about which the segments rotate while the sheath
is being extended. Each segment is connected to at least one other segment by a hinge,
which is preferably a molded, living hinge, and comprises a channel into which the
needle nests when the sheath is fully extended. At least one of the segments comprises
a catch which securely captures the needle when it is disposed in the sheath. Once the
sheath is extended and the needle so captured, the combination of sheath and needle form
a substantially rigid member, which shrouds the needle and its sharpened tip to provide
safety from dangerous contact with the tip and needle. All hingeable attachments are
preferably living hinges integrally and concurrently formed with other sheath parts.
Accordingly, it is a primary object to provide a manually actuated safety sheath for a medical needle which is a single molded part.
It is another object to provide a safety sheath which is integrally molded with another part of a medical needle device (e.g., with a phlebotomy barrel or a medical needle hub).
It is a particularly important object to provide a sheath which is folded out-of-the-way in one state whereby a medical needle may be used in a medical procedure and which may be unfolded to combine with the medical needle to form a substantially rigid needle shrouding structure that protects against inadvertent contact with a sharpened tip of the needle.
It is also an important object to provide a shroud which averts contact with the needle along the length of the needle when the shroud is displaced to protect the needle and its tip.
It is an important object to provide an integral, self-contained, safety phlebotomy system comprising a barrel and needle assembly and a safety shroud, the entire system requiring only two injection molded parts.
It is another important object to provide an integral, self-contained, safety phlebotomy system which only requires five parts, including a needle cover, a barrel, an adhesive label, a medical needle and a needle hub.
These and other objects and features of the present invention will be apparent
from the detailed description taken with reference to the accompanying drawings. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ACCOMPANYING DRAWINGS
Figure 1 is a perspective of a barrel part which is in current use in blood sampling or phlebotomy.
Figure 2 is an exploded perspective of parts which make up a needle system which is in current use in blood sampling or phlebotomy. The needle system is in use in combination with the barrel part of Figure 1.
Figure 3 is a ready-to-use combination of the barrel part, seen in Figure 1, securely, but releasible affixed to a needle assembly portion of the needle system of Figure 2, thus prepared for a phlebotomy procedure.
Figure 4 is a side view of a phlebotomy needle.
Figure 5 is a perspective of a pre-use state of one embodiment of the instant invention disclosed herein.
Figure 6 is a perspective of the embodiment of Figure 5 with a front cover and a back label removed.
Figure 7 is a section, taken along lines 7-7 of Figure 6, illustrating a forepart which includes a safety sheath disposed about a medical needle.
Figures 7A-D are schematic representations of the safety sheath seen in Figure 7 showing relative sheath positions as the sheath is displaced from an operational state to a needle enclosing state.
Figure 8 is a section of the part seen in Figure 7 disposed for needle containment. Figure 9 is a superior perspective of an as-molded part of a barrel portion of the embodiment seen in Figure 5.
Figure 10 is an inferior perspective of the part seen in Figure 9. Figure 11 is a section taken along lines 11-11 in Figure 10. Figure 12 is an as-molded perspective of another embodiment of the instant invention.
Figure 13 is a perspective of the embodiment seen in Figure 14, but rotated so that the parts hidden in Figure 12 may be seen.
Figure 14 is a perspective of a sheath assembly comprising a needle cover. Figure 15 is a rotated perspective of the sheath assembly of Figure 1-. Figure 16 is a perspective of the sheath assembly of Figure 14 with :he needle cover removed.
Figure 17 is a perspective of the sheath assembly of Figure 16, wherein ±e sheath is extended toward the enclosure of the needle.
Figure 18 is a perspective of the sheath assembly of Figure 16, wherein the sheath is fully extended to a rigid, needle-enclosing state.
Figure 19 is a rotated perspective of the sheath assembly of Figure 18.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE ILLUSTRATED EMBODIMENTS
In this description, unless a specific object is referenced, the term proximal is used to indicate the segment of a device normally closest to a user (the clinician or technician who is treating a patient). In like manner, the term distal refers to the other (away from the user) end. Reference is now made to the embodiments illustrated in Figures 1-19, wherein like numerals are used to designate like parts throughout. In some cases, parts having similar form and function to parts earlier cited are enumerated with prime numerals of earlier cited parts.
Reference is now made to Figures 1 -4 wherein parts and assemblies in common current use in blood sampling or phlebotomy procedures are illustrated. A barrel pan 10 is seen in Figure 1. Generally, such barrel parts comprise a substantially hollow cylindrical portion 12 having a pair of laterally extending wings 14 and 16 which are
disposed about a sample tube receiving orifice (not seen). A substantially closed end 18 opposes the orifice and generally comprises a threaded opening 20.
An exploded view of a transport needle assembly 30 is seen in Figure 2. Assembly 30 generally comprises a back cover 32, a needle assembly 34 and a front cover 36. Needle assembly 34 comprises a posterior needle valve 38, a double ended needle 40, and a needle hub 42. The form of needle 40 is best seen in Figure 4 wherein needle 40 is seen to comprise a very sharp needle point or tip 44 and a non-coring needle tip 46. Needle tip 44 is formed for efficient percutaneous entry into a patient's vein, while tip 46 is formed to repeatedly pierce a pliable stopper on an evacuated sample tube without exacting a core from the stopper.
As part of a contemporary standard procedure, back cover 32 is removed from an unused transport assembly 30 to expose needle valve 38 and a threaded portion 48 of hub 42. Handling the remainder of assembly 30 by front cover 36, portion 48 is inserted into opening 20 and secured by rotation thereto. Cover 36 is then removed to provide a procedure-ready blood sampling device 50, as seen in Figure 3. Once a blood sampling procedure has been completed, needle assembly 34 must be either removed from barrel 10 and placed into a sharps container, or the entire device 50 must be carefully discarded as a unit to assure an inadvertent stick by a contaminated needle does not occur.
It is widely known that often painful and sometimes tragic needle sticks have occurred before appropriate disposition of a contaminated needle has been accomplished. All to often, care requirements dictate immediate attention being paid to a patient's needs before taking appropriate action relative to discarding a contaminated needle. Even though thoughtful standards regarding care and handling of contaminated needles are in place, inadvertent needle sticks occur all too often. In the face of such occurrences, one might ask why safety products have not replaced those currently commonly used. The answer to such a question likely comprises conclusions reached after reviewing a number of factors involved in device selection. Those factors include cost of individual safety products compared to those currently commonly used, whether or not ergonomic factors (such as required changes in procedure, transport and disposal) are acceptable and ease of implementation of safety attributes. The above factors have been carefully considered
by the inventor and are an important portion of the basis for the instant invention disclosed and claimed herein.
Reference is now made to Figure 5 wherein one embodiment of the inventions is seen as an unitary phlebotomy system 100. System 100 comprises a barrel assembly 110 with a needle 40 (hidden in Figure 5) securely affixed thereto, a front needle protector 112 and a back seal 114. Barrel assembly 110 and needle 40 make up the primary functional device or unit (generally referenced by 115, see Figure 6). Protector 112 and seal 114 are removed prior to commencing a blood sampling procedure.
Generally, protector 112 comprises a proximally disposed, hollow cylindrical portion 116 and a distally disposed needle cover part 118. Portion 116 comprises a section 120 which interfaces with an exterior surface 122 of barrel assembly 110. A sealing label or heat stake (not shown) may be disposed about the area of interface to form a protective seal for those parts of barrel assembly 110 which must be maintained in a sterile and tamper proof environment. Such labels are well known and are in wide use in the medical needle and phlebotomy fields.
Barrel assembly 110 comprises a hollow barrel 124 which has a proximally disposed opening 126 for ready insertion of an evacuated blood sampling tube (not shown). As is common today for barrels used for communicating with blood sampling tubes, barrel 124 also comprises a pair of wings 128 and 130, which provide ease of handling when inserting and removing blood sampling tubes from barrel 124.
Seal 114 is preferably releasibly, adhesively affixed to barrel assembly 110 over opening 126 and provides a sterile barrier and tamper indicator until removed from barrel assembly 110 for use. Preferably, seal 114 comprises a tab 132 which provides for facile removal to seal 114. Seals for similar purposes are well known and widely used in the medical device field. To prepare system 100 for use in a medical procedure, seal 114 and protector 112 are simply removed from barrel assembly 110, as seen in Figure 6. Note that barrel assembly 110 has been rotated 180° relative to its position in Figure 5. With the cover removed, an extendable needle sheath or shroud 140, generally numbered in other figures as 140', is seen to be disposed about a medical needle 40. Note that, in this embodiment, needle 40 is securely affixed to barrel 124. Attachment of needle 40 to barrel 124 is disclosed in more detail hereafter.
Also, in this embodiment, shroud 140 is hingeably affixed to a distal face 142 of
barrel 124, preferably through a living hinge such that barrel 124 and shroud 140 are
formed as a single molded part. A simplified representation of the shroud 140 is seen in
Figure 7. Some parts of shroud 140 have been removed for clarity of presentation of
shroud 140 and needle 40 interaction. As seen in Figure 7, shroud 140 generally
comprises a single proximal part, specifically numbered 150, for shroud 140 and 150' for
general reference, hinged to barrel 124 via a hinge 152 (preferably a living hinge). It
should be noted that, as is disclosed hereafter, shroud 140 may be hingedly affixed to any
structurally sound part relative to needle 40, such as a Luer fitting of a syringe, to provide
a general medical needle safety shroud or to a phlebotomy barrel.
Generally, a plurality of rigid members are serially hingedly affixed, one to
another, to form shroud 140'. In the case of shroud 140, a middle member 160 (generally
referenced 160') is hingedly affixed to part 150 (generally referenced by 150') by a hinge
162 (also preferably a living hinge). Also, in the case of shroud 140, a distal member 170
(generally referenced 170') is hingedly affixed to part 160 by a hinge 172 (preferably a
living hinge, as well). Note that each part 150, 160 and 170 comprises a pathway 174
where through needle 140 passes. Also in Figure 7, barrel 124 is seen to comprise a
centrally disposed hub 180 in a face 18' of barrel 124 through which needle 40 is inserted
and securely affixed in an opening 20', making needle 40 a substantially rigid member
relative to barrel 124.
Reference is now made to Figures 7A-D, wherein a schematic representation of the action of shroud 140 about needle 40 is seen in various steps. Only those primary parts of shroud 140 and needle 40 necessary for understanding the movement of shroud 140, relative to needle 40, from an operational state to a needle protecting state are seen in Figures 7A-D. As seen in Figure 7A, part 150 comprises a superior proximal comer 182. Part 160 comprises a ledge member 184 (see Figure 7), represented by line 184' in Figures 7A-D, which is disposed to communicate with needle 40 when shroud 140 is caused to move as a result of a distally directed force being applied to proximal corner 182. In a similar manner, part 170 comprises a ledge member 186 (see also Figure 7), represented by line 186' in Figures 7A-D, which is also disposed to communicate with needle 40 as shroud 140 is moved under the application of a force to corner 182. Note
that rigid part 160 may be divided into a superior part 190 and an inferior part 192, which are separated by line 184'. Similarly, rigid part 170 may be divided into an inferior part 194 and a superior part 196, which are separated by line 186\ Further, part 160 comprises a superior face 200 comprising a connection to hinge 162 and an inferior face 202 comprising a connection to hinge 172. Likewise, part 170 comprises an inferior face 204 having a connection to hinge 172 and a superior face 206, which ultimately forms the most distal portion of shroud 140.
Intermediate dispositions of parts 150, 160 and 170, as a continuing distally
directed force is applied to comer 182 are seen in Figures 7B and 7C. Successively, a
distal application offeree causes, in sequence, the disposition of parts 150,160 and 170
of shroud 140, as seen in Figure 7B and subsequently as seen in Figure 1C. Note that,
as line 184' (ledge member 184) is moved into contact with needle 40, the rotation of part
150 relative to hub 180 is translated into the rotation of part 160 through hinge 162.
Consequently, part 170 is directed superiorly through hinge 172 until line 186' (ledge
member 186) is raised to contact needle 40. Upon contact of line 186' against needle 40,
part 170 is rotated in a clockwise fashion to extend face 206 to be distally disposed
relative to needle tip 44. As seen in Figure 7D, the further rotation of part 150 to a
substantially parallel disposition relative to needle 40 results in a similar disposition of
parts 160 and 170. To assure the forces directed upon comer 182 always result in the
extension of part 170, part 170 should not form an angle (indicated by arc and arrow 188)
of equal to or less than 90°. An extended foot 189, seen in Figure 7, provides an
extension which functions to provide a linear offset resulting in an angular bias to protect
against binding when angle 188 is less than 90°. Further, protruding latches 210 and 212,
described hereafter, may be used for further bias. A stop 221, seen protruding from face
142 of barrel 124 provides a similar bias, retarding part 160 from binding against needle
40 as corner 182 is displaced distally,
Latching of one or more parts, for example part 150 or 160, to needle 40 causes needle 40 to be enclosed in a substantially rigid safety enclosure. Such an enclosure requires no clip or spring retention as taught by Sweeney. As one who is skilled in mechanical and geometric arts understands, a shroud may be constructed using two or
more hinged parts depending upon that needle length and part length required to extend a safety cover about a needle tip.
A partial cross section of barrel assembly 110 with shroud 140 disposed, as seen in Figure 7D, is provided in Figure 8. Note that a protuberance 208 superiorly disposed upon part 150 at corner 182 provides a noticeable site upon which to exert a downwardly and distally directed force to cause shroud 140 to extend. Note also, a first latch 210 which catches and securely affixes needle 40 in the safety of recesses of shroud 140. Part 160 comprises a second latch 212, which also catches needle 40 to further assure rigidity of the combination formed by shroud 140 and needle 40. The form of exemplary latches having a form and function similar to latches 210 and 212 are disclosed in detail hereafter.
Figures 9 and 10 show superior and inferior perspectives, respectively, of barrel assembly 110 before needle attachment. Barrel assembly 110 in Figures 9 and 10 are in an "as-molded" state. Barrel assembly 110 is preferably injection molded hi such a state using polypropylene synthetic resinous material. Other material, which supports both the fabrication of living hinges and which has sufficient material characteristics to perform adequately as a hub for needle 40 and a phlebotomy barrel, may be used.
Note that parts 150, 160 and 170, when aligned in a common plane, comprise a common channel or pathway 220 for needle 40. Hinges previously referenced as 162 and 172 are each seen to be double hinge pairs, 162' and 162" and 172' and 172", respectively. The double hinge pairs are disposed on each side of pathway 220 to permit folding and unfolding of shroud 140 without interfering with needle 40. Hinge 152 is similarly comprised of a hinge pah-152' and 152" (see Figure 10). As best seen in Figure 10, part 170 comprises a raised section 230, forming a deep well 232 for tip 44 when needle 40 is extended to provide further protection against inadvertent access to needle tip 44 when shroud 140 is elongated to its needle safety state.
As seen in Figures 9 and 10, hub 180 is disposed in line with pathway 220. Attention is now drawn to Figure 9, wherein part 170 is seen to comprise a centrally disposed orifice 240. Part 160 is seen to comprise a similarly disposed orifice 242. In combination, a barrel face 18' of barrel 124 and part 150, form an opening 244 about hub 180. To form a usable assembly, shroud 140 is folded, as seen in Figure 6, and needle
40 is inserted through orifices 240 and 242 and opening 244 (along pathway 174) into hub 180 and securely affixed thereto. Affixing of needles within hubs is well known to those skilled in the manufacturing processes of hollow medical needle device assembly. Note that the insertion of needle 40 through orifices 240,242 and opening 244 involves needle 40 as an active member in the process of extending shroud 140.
Reference is now made to Figure 11 wherein latch 210 is seen in cross section. Latch 210 is displaceable when it comes in contact with needle 40. For this purpose, latch 210 preferably comprises an inclined outward surface 246 slanting toward an opening 248 which elastically accommodates entry and final disposition below latch head 250. Latch 212 is similarly formed.
A presently preferred embodiment of a shroud portion (shroud 140') of the instant invention is provided in Figures 12-19. Some parts of this embodiment having substantially the same function as parts numbered above will be identified with primes of numbers used above for clarity of association of previously described function. As-molded parts of shroud 140' are seen in Figures 12 and 13. Note that shroud 140' comprises a proximally disposed connecting tab 300. Tab 300 represents a linking member to other parts which are not shown, but which would be molded as part of an integrally molded system. Such other parts may be a phlebotomy barrel, a luer fitting or other connecting part. Shroud 140 of Figures 12 and 13 also comprises a needle hub 180, a proximal hinged part 150', a centrally disposed hinged part 160' and a distal hinged part 170'.
Similar to previously disclosed embodiments, parts 150', 160' and 170' are each individually substantially rigid structures. Part 150' is connected to part 160' via hinges 162' and 162". Part 160' is connected to part 170' via hinges 172' and 172".
Part 150' is also hingeably connected to part 300, but the hinges are not shown in Figures 12 and 13. Part 150' comprises hub 180, a bulbus or button part 208' disposed at corner 182, and a pair of side clips 302 and 304. Hub 180 comprises an orifice 20' into which a needle 40 is installed and secured to form an assembled needle system which is ready for use in a medical procedure. Each side clip 302 and 304 transversely extends outward from part 150' in a direction which permits contact with part 160' as part 160' is closed upon part 150' as constrained by hinges 162' and 162". Each clip 302 and 304
comprises an inwardly facing protuberance 306 and 308, respectively. The Function and purpose of clips 302 and 304 will be disclosed in detail hereafter.
Part 160' comprises a pair of latch sites, 310 and 320. Each latch site comprises an opposing pair of latches, generally numbered 330. Each latch comprises an inwardly protruding and sloping catch member 332 affixed to a riser 334, which is integrally attached to a rail member 336. Generally, each latch 330 functions as previously disclosed for latch 210. However, in the case of each latch 330, spreading is facilitated by the lateral displacement of both riser 334 and rail member 336 when a needle 40 is forced toward entrapment in part 160'. It is preferred that the engagement of needle 40 by latches 330 be accompanied by a snapping sound to provide an audible indication of a safe state having been achieved as needle 40 is captured in shroud 140'.
Part 170' comprises a needle tip 44 protecting plate 340, a raised section 230' and a closed end 206'. Section 230' provides a raised, physical barrier to protect a user from inadvertent contact with a needle tip 44 after needle 40 is captured in shroud 140'. Each part 150', 160' and 170' comprises at least one structural cross member, generally numbered 350, to assure rigidity of each of the parts. Note that the cross members are disposed to allow clearance for needle 40 as shroud 140' is unfolded.
Reference is now made to Figures 14-16. Assembly of a medical-procedure ready device is made by simply securely affixing a needle 40 into hub 180, with parts 150', 160' and 170' folded as seen in Figure 16. For a more compact fold where part 170' is more parallel with part 160', consideration must be given to assuring that part 170' separates from part 160' when shroud 140' is extended. For that assurance, part 170' must be continuously apart from part 160' at an angle which insures closing angles of intersection between part 170' and needle 40 are always disposed in a non-binding manner. To accomplish this, either an appendage (not shown) may be added to bias parts 160' and 170' apart or an outwardly extending foot or skid, such as foot 189, seen as an example in Figure 7, may be added to part 170* along line 186' (see Figure 15 for position of line 186').
A protective cover 360 for needle 40, which is disposed through pathway 174 formed in combination by parts 150', 160' and 170', is seen in Figures 14 and 15. Cover 360 comprises an elongated, hollow tubular member 362, an open proximal end 364 and
a closed distal end 366. With cover 360 in place, cover 360, shroud 140' and needle 40 and other parts, which may be connected to part 300, make up a complete needle 40 protective system. It is important to note that, to make space for the insertion of cover 360 along pathway 174 through parts 150', 160' and 170', lines 186' (best seen in Figure 15) and 184' (best seen in Figure 14) must be offset from needle 40 to permit passage of cover 360 there through.
Cover 360 is removed to bare needle 40 as seen in Figure 16 before beginning a
medical procedure. At the end of the procedure, shroud 140' is extended to engage needle
40 and form a substantially rigid body comprised of needle 40 and shroud 140'. In the
extending process, as disclosed previously, rotation of part 150' causes part 160' to rotate
which, in turn, causes part 170' to rotate. By their structural geometry, all parts (150'.
160', 170') arrive in line (in a single plane) at the same time. However, the offsets
mentioned above delay rotation of part 160'relative to part 150'and of part 170'relative
to part 160'. As shroud 140' is extended by pressing distally upon corner 182 to rotate
part 150', rotation of part 160' is delayed until line 184' comes into contact with needle
40. Subsequently, rotation of part 170' begins when line 186' comes into contact with
needle 40. For these reasons, part 170' rotates more rapidly than part 160' about needle
40 at angles of engagement of latches 330 at sites 310 and 320.
An intermediate view of an extending shroud 140' is seen in Figure 17. Initial rotation of part 150' frees part 160' from releasible containment of clips 302 and 304. Part 160" is displaced by rotation of part 150' until line 184' is in contact with needle 40. Subsequent rotation of part 160' displaces line 186' toward needle 40, but contact between line 186' and needle 40 must occur before part 170' rotates.
Figures 18 and 19 provide opposite side perspectives of shroud 140' fully extended to enclose needle 40. Note that all latches 330 are engaged about needle 40. These engagements occur, preferably with an audible snap, as part 160* is rotated into parallel disposition relative to the long axis of needle 40. Movement of any part of shroud 140' is limited by the tightest latch containment and "play" in the hinges, especially hinges 172' and 172". Therefore, it is important to hold tolerances of latches and hinges to reasonably tight limits to assure stability of a shroud 1407needle 40 combination. Access to a shroud 40 protecting needle tip 44 is restricted by a
combination comprising the substantially fixed length of shroud 140' relative to needle 40, disposition of protecting plate 340 on one side of shroud 140' and the height and size of the opening in raised section 230' on the other side. The inventions disclosed herein may be embodied in other specific forms without departing from the spirit or essential characteristics thereof. The present embodiments are therefore to be considered in all respects as illustrative and not restrictive, the scope of the invention being indicated by the appended claims rather than by the foregoing description, and all changes which come within the meaning and range of equivalency of the claims are therefore intended to be embraced therein.
1. A safety apparatus for sheathing a medical needle, said apparatus
- a hollow bore cannula securely affixed in a hub and having at
least one sharpened tip to form the medical needle;
- a part hingeably joined to said hub, said part comprising an
elongated sheath which comprises a plurality of serially
interconnected substantially rigid segments each of which is
interconnected to at least one adjacent segment by a hinge, at
least a distally disposed segment comprising an open orifice,
through which said cannula passes to form a pivotal axis of
intersection about the cannula, and a channel in which the
cannula is disposed when the sheath is extended, said sheath
and said hinges being disposed to permit folding of the sheath
about the cannula in a first state to permit usable access to said
sharpened tip in a medical procedure and extending of the
sheath, while sliding and pivoting the distal segment relative to
the cannula, to a substantially planar disposition along said
cannula whereat the cannula is disposed along the channel, said
sheath further comprising at least one latching member which
catches and securely affixes the cannula relative to the sheath,
said sheath and cannula, in combination, thereby forming a
substantially rigid body which protectively encloses said
sharpened tip and denies access thereto.
2. Safety apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein a segment which
encloses said sharpened tip comprises a closure of its channel
distal from the sharpened tip.
3. Safety apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein the segment closest
to said hub comprises a button which, when disposed toward the
cannula extends that segment and the other segments of said sheath
along and about said cannula and causes the at least one latching
member to be securely affixed relative to the cannula.
4. Safety apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein said at least one
latching member comprises two latching members.
5. Safety apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein a sheath which
encloses said sharpened tip comprises an increase in thickness
above the channel in the sheath which further protects against
contact with the sharpened tip.
6. A method for enclosing a sharpened medical needle in a safety
shield comprising the steps of:
- providing a hollow bore cannula securely affixed in a hub, said
cannula having at least one sharpened tip to form the medical
needle, and a part hingeably joined to said hub, said part
comprising an elongated sheath which comprises a plurality of
serially interconnected substantially rigid segments each of
which is interconnected to at least one adjacent segment by an
intersegment hinge, at least one segment comprising an open
orifice, through which said cannula passes to form a pivotal
axis of intersection about the cannula, and a channel in which
the cannula is disposed when the sheath is slideably pivoted
while being extended to a substantially planar disposition, said
sheath and said hinges being disposed to permit folding of the
sheath about the cannula in a first state to permit usable access
to said sharpened tip in a medical procedure and extending of
the sheath to a substantially planar disposition along said
cannula whereat the cannula is disposed within the channel,
said sheath further comprising at least one latching member
which catches to securely affixes the sheath relative to the
cannula, said sheath and cannula, in combination, thereby
forming a substantially rigid body which protectively encloses
said sharpened tip and denies access thereto;
- displacing said sheath about said hub and cannula in a compact
state such that said needle tip is accessible for a medical
- at the end of the medical procedure, displacing a proximal
segment of said sheath to slide and pivot at least one segment
about the cannula and thereby unfold segments of the sheath
until said at least one latching member is latched relative to said
cannula to thereby form the substantially rigid body and
protectively enclose and deny access to said at least one
A safety apparatus for sheathing a medical needle substantially as herein described with reference to and as illustrated by the accompanying drawings.
A method for enclosing a sharpened medical needle in a safety shield substantially as herein described with reference to and as illustrated by the accompanying drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number||1995/DEL/1998|
|PG Journal Number||13/2009|
|Date of Filing||13-Jul-1998|
|Name of Patentee||TYCO HEALTHCARE GROUP LP|
|Applicant Address||15 HAMPSHIRE STREET,MANSFIELD MASSACHUSETTS 02048,U.S.A|
|PCT International Classification Number||A61M 5 /178|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|