|Title of Invention
"NEGATIVE PRESSURE WOUND TREATMENT DRESSING"
|A wound treatment dressing for applying negative pressure wound therapy to a wound of an extremity, such as on the heel of a foot. The dressing comprises a fluid manifold 14 positioned within a fenestrated drape 16 to form a contoured occlusive wrapping 10 for placement over a wound on an extremity. A contoured porous pad 26 is placed adjacent or within the wound, such that the contoured pad 26 is enveloped by the occlusive wrapping 10. Flexible tubing 42 is attached to or through a fluid communication port 18, which forms an opening to the outer layer 16b of the occlusive wrapping 10. so as to allow for fluid communication of negative pressure to the contoured pad 26 from a source of negative pressure 44 connected to an opposite end of the flexible tubing 42. The negative gauge pressure is communicated from the source 44, through the tube 42, through the fenestrations 19 of the occlusive wrapping 10, such that negative gauge pressure is applied to the wound on the extremity. In one example, the fluid manifold 14 serves to direct the negative pressure from a position away from the wound site to the contoured pad 26 at the wound site.
|NEGATIVE PRESSURE WOUND TREATMENT DRESSING
 This application claims priority to U.S. Provisional patent application no. 60/489,344 filed under 37 C.F.R. 1.53(b)(2) on July 22,2003. FIELD OF THE INVENTION
 This invention relates to the treatment of open, chronic wounds, as well as bums and skin grafts. More specifically this invention relates to dressings for the treatment of wounds to the extremities, such as the heel of a human foot, by means of negative pressure wound therapy. BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
 Negative pressure wound therapy has been utilized for the treatment of open wounds and has been commercialized by Kinetic Concepts, Inc. of San Antonio, Texas, by its proprietary V.A.C.® product line. In practice, the application to a wound of negative gauge pressure, commercialized by Assignee or
its parent under the designation "Vacuum Assisted Closure®" (or "V.A.C.®") therapy, typically involves the mechanical-like contraction of the wound with simultaneous removal of excess fluid, which is often accomplished by means of a polymer foam and occlusive drape dressing in fluid communication with a negative pressure source. In this manner, negative pressure wound therapy augments the body's natural inflammatory process while alleviating many of the known intrinsic side effects, such as the production of edema caused by increased blood flow absent the necessary vascular structure for proper venous return. As a result, negative pressure wound therapy has been highly successful in the promotion of wound closure, healing many wounds previously thought largely untreatable.
 Many of these wounds include decubitus and venous stasis ulcers to the lower extremities, especially the foot. Closure of these wounds has been difficult and often times impossible using traditional techniques, such as skin grafting, sharp debridement, or combinations thereof. Failure to close these wounds, which have often been present for several years, can lead to necrotizing of the tissue, and in many cases amputation of the extremity. Use of negative pressure wound therapy has proven highly successful in closing these wounds. However, treatment of the lower extremities with negative pressure wound therapy, especially to wounds of the foot and heal can be difficult, especially considering the nature of the location of the wound. Particular concern arises with maintaining the dressing on the extremity, especially in light of the frequent movement of the foot, and friction often associated with foot coverings, including socks, stockings, and shoes. Of particular concern, is the ability to maintain a negative pressure at the wound site when the dressing is in place, as air leaks may occur during movement of the foot, which can adversely affect the therapy being administered.
 For the foregoing reasons, there is a need for a negative pressure wound treatment dressing system that is capable of maintaining a negative pressure over an extremity that has heretofore been difficult to treat using traditional negative pressure wound therapy dressings. Additionally, there is a need for a negative pressure wound treatment dressing system that is capable of maintaining a negative pressure over a wound which exists in a highly contoured part of the
body, or a portion of the body that undergoes frequent movement or friction against clothing or other outside forces.
 It is therefore an object of the present invention to provide a negative pressure wound treatment dressing system that provides a means for maintaining a negative pressure over a contoured extremity, such as the foot, and more specifically the heel of the foot.
 In accordance with the foregoing objects, the present invention generally comprises a contoured porous pad positioned within a fenestrated and contoured occlusive wrapping for placement over a wound on an extremity, such as the heel of a human foot. A concave porous pad is placed adjacent or within the wound, such that the concave pad is enveloped by the occlusive wrapping. Flexible tubing is attached to or through an opening of the drape, so as to allow for fluid communication of negative pressure to the concave pad from a source of negative pressure connected to an opposite end of the flexible tubing. The negative gauge pressure is communicated from the source, through the tube, through the fenestrations of the occlusive wrapping, such that negative gauge pressure is applied to the wound on the extremity. The contoured porous pad serves to manifold the negative pressure from a position away from the wound site to the concave pad at the wound site. Such an arrangement allows for the tubing to connect to the dressing of the present invention at a position least likely to be dislodged during normal ambulation of the patient.
 Attachments means are formed on the outer edges of the occlusive wrapping to form an airtight seal over the wound. Such attachment means may be an adhesive coated on the occlusive wrapping for attachment to an intact area of tissue or skin. The adhesive is coated on the perimeter edge of the occlusive wrapping such that a pouch is formed when the occlusive wrapping is secured over the concave pad.
 A collection canister is provided between the negative pressure source and the occlusive drape for collecting any effluents that may be drawn from the wound during application of negative pressure.
 The tubing is connected to the drape and pad through an opening in the drape, or through a flanged tubing connector as has been described in U.S. Patent 6,345,623, entitled "Surgical drape and suction head for wound treatment," to Heaton, et al., which is incorporated herein by reference as though fully set forth. Alternative embodiments allow the tubing to be placed within or embedded in the concave padding.
 The foregoing has outlined some of the more pertinent objects of the present invention. These objects should be construed to be merely illustrative of some of the more prominent features and applications of the invention. Many other beneficial results can be attained by applying the disclosed invention in a different manner or by modifying the invention as will be described. Accordingly, other objects and a fuller understanding of the invention may be had by referring to the following Detailed Description of the Invention, which includes the preferred embodiment.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
 These and other features and advantages of the invention will now be described with reference to the drawings of certain preferred embodiments, which are intended to illustrate and not to limit the invention, and wherein like reference numbers refer to like components, and in which:
 Figure 1A, is an exploded view of the occlusive wrapping of the present invention.
 Figure IB, is an orthogonal flat pattern view of the occlusive wrapping of the present invention.
 Figure 2 is an orthogonal view of the fluid manifold of the occlusive wrapping of the present invention.
 Figure 3 A is a perspective view of a contoured pad of the present invention.
[0017J Figures 3B and 3C are cross-sectional views of a contoured pad of the present invention.
 Figure 3D is a top plane view of the contoured pad of the present invention.
 Figures 4A-4G are perspective views of the negative pressure wound treatment dressing system, illustrating the steps of applying the dressing system to a wound on the heel of a foot.
 Figure 5 is an orthogonal flat pattern view of the occlusive wrapping of the present invention folded along its center line.
 Although those of ordinary skill in the art will readily recognize many alternative embodiments, especially in light of the illustrations provided herein, this detailed description is exemplary of the preferred embodiment of the present invention as well as alternate embodiments, the scope of which is limited only by the claims that may be drawn hereto.
 The details of the preferred embodiments of present invention are graphically and schematically illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Like elements in the drawings are represented by like numbers, and any similar elements are represented by like numbers with a different lower case suffix.
 Referring now to Figure 1 in particular, there is illustrated the primary components of the occlusive wrapping 10 of the negative pressure dressing system that operates in accordance with the present invention. The occlusive wrapping 10 consists of a fluid manifold 14 embedded within an
occlusive drape 16. The occlusive drape 16 is preferably made of a clear vapor permeable polyurethane material. The drape 16 is composed of a wound facing layer 16a and an outer layer 16b that are sealed along their periphery to secure the fluid manifold 14 within the wound facing layer 16a and the outer layer 16b of the drape 16. Multiple fenestrations 19 are formed along a wound contact region 17 of the wound facing layer 16a, so as to allow for fluid communication through the fluid manifold 14. The fluid manifold 14 allows for attachment of the fluid communication port 18 at a position away from the wound site. The type of wounds desired to be treated by the present system are often situated at a position that has, at times been difficult to maintain a reduced pressure using traditional negative pressure wound therapy techniques described herein. The occlusive wrapping 10 of the present invention overcomes this difficulty by communicating the negative pressure along the manifold 14, and more particularly the fluid manifold 14 of the occlusive wrapping 10, which is most clearly illustrated in Figure 2.
 Figure 2 illustrates an alternative embodiment of the fluid manifold 14 of the occlusive wrapping 10. The fluid communication port 18 is attached to a receiving site 20, which is most preferably a circular shaped foam section that is approximately the size of the fluid communication port 18. Fluid communicator arms 22 extend distally from the receiving site 20 to the wound contact regions 17. The fluid communicator arms 22 terminate in loops 24, having openings for viewing the wound perimeter. In an alternative embodiment, fluid communicator fingers 24 extend distally from the fluid communicator arms 22.
 A contoured pad 26 as illustrated in Figures 3A-3D is utilized as a wound contact screen to prevent unwanted adhesions, direct fluid away from the wound through pores within the pad 26, and exert contracting forces on the wound margins as negative pressure is applied through the manifold 14 and to the pad 26. The contoured pad 26 and fluid manifold 14 of the occlusive wrapping 10 are preferably made of a porous polymer foam material, such as polyurethane or polyvinyl alcohol foam. The pad 26 is preferably constructed into an elliptical shape as illustrated in Figure 3D, but may also be more symmetrically circular to accommodate more uniform wounds.
 hi practice, the contoured pad 26 is trimmed to the areal dimensions of the wound and is placed in the wound, which may be on the heel of a foot, and between the wound and the fluid manifold 14, as illustrated in Figures 4A-4G. The pad 26 may be secured to the wound site by an adhesive strip 28, as shown in Figure 4A, or by other means known in the art. In the preferred embodiment, the adhesive strip is constructed of the same vapor permeable polyurethane material as the occlusive drape 16, having an adhesive coated on one side for securing the strip to the pad 26 and the intact skin surrounding the wound.
 The occlusive wrapping 10 forms a pouch 30 when it is folded along its centerline and the lower edges 31 are bonded together at 33 as shown in Figure 5. In practice, the pouch 30 is placed over the wound and contoured pad 26, as illustrated in Figures 4B and 4C. A fingerhold 36a is provided to facilitate grasping the pouch 30 and holding it in place as the liner 35 is removed to expose an adhesive backing on layer 16b. The edges 32a, 32b of the pouch 30 are brought
into contact with the intact skin surrounding the wound by means of an adhesive backing. A removable liner 35 is pulled off, starting at finger tab 35a, exposing the adhesive, as shown in Figure 4C. The removable liner 35 may be statically adhered to the adhesive backing to protect the adhesive during handling.
 As illustrated in Figure 4D, a second removable liner 37 is adhered to the receiving site 20 to protect the adhesive on the wound facing layer 16a along the receiving site 20 during handling, and which is removed prior to adhesion of the receiving site 20 to a region 40 of intact skin away from the wound site, so as to prevent dislodgement of the fluid communication port 18 during movement of the patient, as shown in Figure 4E. A removable, protective liner 36 may be overlaid on the occlusive drape 16, so as to provide rigidity to the manifold during handling, and which is removed after securing the pouch 30 to the wound site, as shown in Figure 4F.
 A fluid communication port 18 is positioned over the receiving site
20, and is secured in place also by means of an adhesive contact surface on the communication port 18. As known in the art of negative pressure wound therapy, a fluid communication means 42, such as a flexible silicone tube, communicates negative pressure to the wound from a negative pressure source 44, such as a portable pump. A collection canister 46 is positioned in line between the negative pressure source 44 and the fluid communication means 42 to collect any exudates that may be drawn from the wound.
 While the invention has been described herein with reference to certain preferred embodiments, theses embodiments have been presented by way
of example only, and not to limit the scope of the invention. Many other variations are possible, which would be obvious to one skilled in the art. Accordingly, the scope of the invention should be identified only in accordance with the claims that follow.
1. A wound dressing for use under negative pressure, the wound dressing having a
concave pad (26) and characterized in that:
a fluid manifold (14) has fluid communicator arms (22) that extend from a receiving site (20) on the fluid manifold;
an occlusive drape (16) encloses the fluid manifold (14);
wherein the occlusive drape (16) has an inner drape (16a) and an outer drape (16b), which has an aperture substantially aligned with the receiving site (20), the inner drape (16a) includes a plurality of fenestrations (19) in a wound contact region (17) that is substantially aligned with the fluid communicator arms (22), and the inner drape (16a) and outer drape (16b) are coupled to form a pouch (30) for disposing over the concave pad (26).
2. The wound dressing as claimed in claim 1, wherein said fluid communicator arms (22) terminate in contiguous loops (24).
3. The wound dressing as claimed in claim 1 wherein:
said occlusive drape (16) comprises a clear occlusive drape; and wherein said fluid communicator arms (22) terminate in loops (24) to allow viewing of the area around the wound through the clear occlusive drape (16).
4. A wound dressing for use under negative pressure substantially as herein described
with reference to the foregoing description and the accompanying drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number
|PG Journal Number
|Date of Filing
|Name of Patentee
|KCI LICENSING, INC.
|P.O. BOX 659508, SAN ANTONIO, TEXAS 78265-9508, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.
|PCT International Classification Number
|PCT International Application Number
|PCT International Filing date