|Title of Invention
METHOD FOR PRODUCING A EFFECT YARN ON AN OPEN-END ROTOR SPINNING MACHINE, AND CORRESPONDING EFFECT YARN
|The aim of the invention is to produce an effect yarn on an open-end rotor spinning machine, formed from an alternating line-up of yarn sections and effects consisting of pre-determined thickenings. To this end, an effect is produced where the yarn is joined by means of a piecing end, in the piecing region of the yarn located downstream of the piecing end, following a break in the thread. The invention enables the quality of the yarn produced in this way to be improved such that unwanted deviations from the pre-determined repeat of pattern of the effect yarn, caused by piecing regions, are eliminated
THE PATENT ACT 1970 (39 of 1970)
The Patents Rules, 2003 COMPLETE SPECIFICATION (See Section 10, and rule 13'
1. TITLE OF INVENTION
METHOD FOR PRODUCING A EFFECT YARN ON AN OPEN-END ROTOR SPINNING MACHINE, AND CORRESPONDING EFFECT YARN
SAURER GMBH & CO., KG. GERMAN Company LANDGRAFENSTRASSE 45, 41069 MONCHENGLADBACH, GERMANY
PREAMBLE TO THE DESCRIPTION
The following specification particularly describes the invention and the manner in which it is to be performed : -
PATENTS ACT 1977
VERIFICATION OF TRANSLATION
Certificate of Priority Document on the filing of a Patent Application.
File No. 103 54 608.1
I, ASTRID TERRY, Translator of 11 Bounds Oaks Way, Tunbridge Wells, Kent, TN4 OUB, confirm that I am familiar with the English and German languages, and that to the best of my knowledge and belief the accompanying document which has been prepared by me, is a true translation of the authentic text of the Certificate of Priority Document on the filing of the Patent Application File No. 103 54 608.1 dated 21st November 2003.
Signed this 4 day of April
Method for producing an effect yarn on an open-end rotor spinning machine, and corresponding effect yarn
The invention relates to a method according to the preamble of claim 1 and an effect yarn according to the preamble of claim 7.
During the production of yarn, as high a uniformity of the yarn as possible is generally aimed for within narrow tolerances. In contrast, for effect yarns, the non-uniformity of the yarn is characteristic. A yarn in which thick locations with predetermined larger diameters and with predetermined lengths, the so-called effects, are present is designated an effect yarn. The yarn sections located in between with a smaller diameter are designated webs. A specific, constantly recurring, intrinsically closed sequence of effects and webs in an alternating series of effect and web is called a yarn repeat. The repeat length is the sum of all effect lengths and web lengths. Effect yarns are becoming increasingly important. Areas of application are, for example, denim materials, materials for casual clothing and home textiles.
Effect yarns can also be produced on rotor spinning machines. In order to produce effects in the yarn on rotor spinning machines, the fibre feed to the opening roller of the rotor spinning device can be changed, for example, in that the speed of the draw-in rollers is varied.
When the thread run at open-end rotor spinning machines has been interrupted by a thread break or as a result of a cross-wound bobbin change or as a result of the cutting process after a detected, intolerable yarn defect, the thread has to be rejoined. A piecer of this type differs with regard to its diameter, in particular in the case of yarn with a diameter that remains the same, from the remaining spun yarn. The formation of piecers in rotor spinning is described, for example in DE 40 30 100 Al
or the publication, Raasch et. al. "Automatisches Anspinnen beim OE-Rotorspinnen", MELLIAND Textilberichte 4/1989, pages 251 to 256.
In order to carry out the piecing process, a piecing unit which can be moved along the rotor spinning machine is generally delivered to the respective spinning station. In this case, the normal thread run is changed at the spinning station for piecing and control of the yarn formation is taken over by the piecing unit. During piecing and the subsequent run-up of the rotor, the thread can be drawn off, for example, from the spinning rotor by draw-off rollers, which are controlled by the piecing unit. Until the operating rotor speed has been reached, the take-off speed follows the increase in the rotor speed. Once the spinning rotor has reached its operating speed, the thread is returned to the normal thread run at the spinning station. With the transfer of the thread, the piecing process is ended. Control of the yarn formation is taken over again by the control device of the spinning station or the associated group control. In the known production of effect yarn on open-end rotor spinning machines, the programme for forming effects also starts up again from this time. Yarn with effect formation adjoins the piecing region. The piecing region downstream from the piecer, depending on the drawing, can be several metres, with high drawings up to five metres.
The object of the invention is to improve the quality of an effect yarn, which comprises piecers.
This object is achieved by a method with the features of claim 1 and by an effect yarn with the features of claim 7.
Advantageous configurations of the invention are the subject of the sub-claims.
The invention proceeds from the recognition that a yarn section with a diameter that remains the same in the finished product, for example in a woven textile, into which
the effect yarn is processed, can be visually detectable and can be perceived as an imperfection, which signifies a quality defect.
Deviations from predetermined effect parameters of an effect yarn caused by piecing regions are reduced or eliminated by means of an embodiment according to the invention. The effect should be configured for this purpose at least so true to the original that disruptions owing to deviating yarn parameters can no longer be directly detected in the finished product.
According to claim 3, the effect formation in the piecing region is expediently additionally controlled by the control of a piecing unit, which controls the yarn formation during the piecing process. For this purpose, only a corresponding configuration of the programming is needed. Structural changes are not necessary for this.
In a common drive of the draw-in rollers of the spinning stations, the drive coupling is separated and the drive is carried out mechanically via a drive cone directly by the piecing unit in such a way that the corresponding effects are formed.
If individual drives for the draw-in rollers are present at the spinning stations, the control thereof also directed to the effect formation can also take place from the piecing unit or also from a workstation control. The effect formation in the piecing region can thus be carried out particularly quickly and effectively (claim 4).
If the effect is formed according to claim 5 as a continuation of a yarn repeat which is discontinued owing to the yarn interruption, a good connection to the originally predetermined configuration of the effect yarn is possible.
If the effect formation according to claim 6 begins after the piecer with the formation of a web, the checking of the piecer can take place unimpaired.
Owing to the formation of effects beginning downstream from the piecer, an effect yarn of high quality is produced with a visually advantageous, always uniformly continued alternation of effects and webs.
The invention will be described in more detail with the aid of an embodiment. In the drawings:
Fig. 1 shows a simplified schematic view of a workstation of an open-end rotor spinning machine,
Fig. 2 shows an idealised schematic view, not to scale, of a part of an effect yarn with piecer.
The embodiment of Fig. 1 shows a spinning station 1 of an open-end rotor spinning machine. The spinning station 1 has an opening device 2 into which a fibre band 5 is introduced by means of the draw-in roller 4. The draw-in roller 4 is driven by the continuously adjustable draw-in motor 3. The fibre band 5 is presented to an opening roller 7 which is rotating in the housing 6 and opens the supplied fibre band 5 into individual fibres 8. The separated fibres 8 arrive through the fibre guide channel 9 onto the conical slip face 10 of a spinning rotor 11 and from there into the fibre collecting groove 12. From the fibre collecting groove 12, the yarn is drawn off through the thread draw-off tube 17 in the direction of the arrow 18 with the aid of a draw-off mechanism 19. The effects of the effect yarn 16 can be determined by corresponding activation of the draw-in motor 3. Owing to different fibre doubling in the fibre collecting groove 12, the effect yarn 16 drawn off from the fibre collecting groove 12 has the effects. The spinning rotor 11 is fastened on a shaft 13, which is mounted on a washer disc mounting 14 and is driven by means of a tangential belt 15.
The draw-off mechanism 19 for the spun yarn has a pair of rollers. During normal spinning operation, the effect yarn 16, after the draw-off mechanism 19, follows the
dashed line 16A and is then wound continuously onto a cross-wound bobbin, not shown here. For piecing, a piecing unit which can be moved in each case along the rotor spinning machine is delivered to the spinning stations and carries out the piecing process. The piecing unit is not shown in more detail here for reasons of simplification.
After completion of the piecing process, a check can be made as to whether piecing has taken place properly. For this purpose, the effect yarn 16 is guided section-wise in the piecing unit, which is indicated schematically by the yarn displacement between the draw-off mechanism 19 and a thread guide 20. The effect yarn 16 runs in the piecing unit, not shown in more detail here, between two further thread guides 21 and 22 through a sensor device 23, with which the yarn diameter is continually measured during the piecing process. The checking signals for the yarn diameter measured values per unit length are supplied to a control device 24 of the piecing unit. A clearer 25 is connected in the thread run downstream from the thread guide 20. The clearer 25 comprises a sensor device and a cutting device.
If a cutting signal is triggered, the cutting device of the clearer 25 is activated and cuts the effect yarn 16.
The yarn diameter is checked during the run-up of the spinning rotor 11 at the accelerated effect yarn 16. After piecing, the effect yarn 16, corresponding to the increasing spinning rotor speed, is drawn off at an increasing speed from the thread draw-off tube 17 by means of the draw-off mechanism 19. So the measuring frequency of the sensor device 23 can be adjusted to the changing speed of the accelerated effect yarn 16, pulses are picked up by means of a sensor 27 from the thread draw-off roller of the draw-off mechanism 19 driven by a drive 26. These pulses provide information about the draw-off speed of the effect yarn 16. The sensor signals are fed to the control device 24, which controls the measuring frequency of the sensor 27 and adapts it to the yarn draw-off speed. As an alternative, the yarn speed can be determined by contactless measuring, for example,
directly on the yarn. The control device 24 is connected to a control mechanism 28 of the spinning station 1. The control mechanism 28 is connected to further modules of the spinning machine via the line 29.
Further details of spinning stations of this type and the piecing process can be inferred, for example, from DE 40 30 100 Al or the parallel US patent No. 6035622 and the publication Raasch et. al. "Automatisches Anspinnen beim OE-Rotorspinnen", MELLIAND Textilberichte 4/1989, pages 251 to 256.
Fig. 2 shows the effect yarn 16 in the form of a curve 30, which has been formed from a line-up of the continuously detected yarn diameter measured values of the effect yarn 16. In order to make the web thickness and the different effect thicknesses more recognisable, these are exaggerated in comparison to the yarn length. The diameter D of the effect yarn 16 is shown as a percentage on the ordinate of the coordinate system of Fig. 2. The value 100% corresponds to the web thickness, which is always the same in the embodiment. The yarn length L of the effect yarn 16 is given in mm on the abscissa of the coordinate system. The section represented by the course of the curve 30, of the effect yarn 16, which comprises the piecer 31, has a length of about one metre.
In Fig. 2, beginning on the left in the course of the curve 30, the last effect 32 before the end of the effect yarn 16, which has been returned for piecing, is shown. The part of the web 33 following the effect 32 has been introduced as a yarn end into the spinning rotor 11 for piecing. The effect 32 has an effect thickness of 150% of the web thickness. The line 34 indicates the location, at which the formation of the effect yarn 16 according to the specifications of the yarn repeat was interrupted. The piecer 31 then follows and subsequently the web 35. The line 36 indicates the location at which the formation of the effect yarn 16 according to the specifications of the yarn repeat was continued. Following on from the web 35 is the first effect 37 in the effect yarn 16, which has been formed as a continuation of the yarn repeat. The effect 37 has an effect thickness of 130% of the web thickness. Following on from this in the course of
the effect yarn 16 shown, are the web 38 and the second effect 39. The effect 39 has an effect thickness of 125% of the web thickness. The web 40 and the third effect 41 then follow. The third effect 41 has an effect thickness of 150% of the web thickness. The web lengths of the webs 33, 35, 38, 40 and the effects 32, 37, 39, 41 are configured, like the effect thicknesses, in each case, according to the specification of the yarn repeat.
In the case of a yarn interruption, the formation of the effect yarn 16 in the spinning rotor 11 is also stopped. The yarn repeat may be stored in the control mechanism 28, for example. The location of the yarn repeat, at which the formation of the effect yarn 16 according to the specifications of the yarn repeat was interrupted, is also stored by the control mechanism 28.
After a yarn interruption, the piecing process is initiated and, during the piecing process, the fibre feed into the spinning rotor 11 is controlled via the draw-in motor 3 in such a way that the piecer 31 can be formed. The formation of the effect yarn 16 according to the specifications of the yarn repeat immediately follows the formation of the piecer 31. The effect formation can also be acted upon via the changing of further parameters, such as, for example the yarn rotation, in addition to the control of the draw-in motor 3. The formation of the effect yarn 16 according to the specifications of the yarn repeat is continued with the formation of the web, at which or before which the yarn interruption was executed.
The invention is not limited to the embodiment shown. Further embodiments are possible in the scope of the invention.
1. Method for producing an effect yarn on an open-end rotor spinning machine, which is formed from an alternating line-up of webs and of effects consisting of predetermined thickenings, and in which the effect yarn is reconnected by means of a piecer after yarn interruptions, characterised in that in the piecing region following the piecer (31), which comprises the run-up phase of the spinning rotor (11), an effect formation is carried out in the yarn.
2. Method according to claim 1, characterised in that the effect formation is coordinated with the run-up of the spinning rotor (11) in such a way that the same effect and web length configuration is produced as is produced during the spinning process.
3. Method according to claim 1 or 2, characterised in that the effect formation in the piecing region is controlled by a piecing unit which can be displaced along the open-end rotor spinning machine.
4. Method according to any one of claims 1 to 3, characterised in that the effect is formed with the aid of the control of a draw-in motor (3).
5. Method according to any one of claims 1 to 4, characterised in that the effect formation is carried out in continuation of a yarn repeat which is discontinued by the yarn interruption.
6. Method according to any one of claims 1 to 5, characterised in that effect yarn formation after the piecer (31) begins with the configuration of a web (35).
7. Effect yarn, which is formed from an alternating line-up of webs and effects consisting of predetermined thickenings, characterised in that the effect yarn (16)
also has effects (37, 39, 41) in the piecing region of the yarn directly following a piecer (31).
Dated this 22na day of April, 2006
HIRAL CHlANDRAKANT JOSHI (GENT FOR SAURER GMBH & CO., KG
|Indian Patent Application Number
|PG Journal Number
|Date of Filing
|Name of Patentee
|SAURER GMBH & CO., KG.
|LANDGRAFENSTRASSE 45, 41069 MONCHENGLADBACH,
|PCT International Classification Number
|D02G3/34 ; D01H4/50
|PCT International Application Number
|PCT International Filing date