Title of Invention


Abstract An analyte detection system comprising: a first body portion comprising a lancing mechanism that comprises a lever arm pivotably connected to said first body portion and operatively connected at a first end of said lever arm to a test strip interface member by a launch spring; a second body portion slidably received by said first body portion, the second body portion comprising a cocking extension; and a magazine adapted to receive a plurality of unused test strips; wherein the cocking extension of said second body portion is engageable with a second end of said lever arm of said lancing mechanism to pivot said lever arm to advance said interface member to take a test strip from said magazine and advance said test strip along a lancing path.
[0001] This invention relates to systems for obtaining physiologic fluid samples.
More particularly, a test system for obtaining and testing blood samples with
minimum user effort is described.
[0002] Analyte concentration determination in physiological samples is of ever
increasing importance to today's society. Such assays find use in a variety of
application settings, including clinical laboratory testing, home testing, etc., where
the results of such testing play a prominent role in the diagnosis and management
of a variety of disease conditions. Analytes of interest include glucose for
diabetes management, cholesterol for monitoring cardiovascular conditions, drugs
for monitoring levels of therapeutic agents or identifying illegal/illegal levels of
drugs, and the like. In response to this growing importance of analyte
concentration determination, a variety of analyte concentration determination
protocols and devices for both clinical and home testing have been developed.
[0003] In determining the concentration of an analyte in a physiological sample, a
physiological sample must first be obtained. Obtaining and testing the sample
often involves cumbersome and complicated procedures. Unfortunately,
successful manipulation and handling of test elements, lancing members, meters
and the like is to a great extent dependent on the visual acuity and manual
dexterity of the user, which in the case of people with diabetes is subject to

deterioration over the course of the disease state. In extreme cases people that
have significant loss of sight and sensation, testing procedures can become
significantly difficult and requires additional assistance from ancillary devices or
[0004] A typical procedure involved with making a glucose measurement
involves the following actions or steps (but not necessarily in the order given):
1) removing supplies from a carrying case,
2) removing a lancing device loading cap or door,
3) removing and disposing of an old lancet form the lancing
4) inserting the lancet in the lancing device,
5) twisting off a protective cap from the lancet,
6) replacing the lancing device cap.
7) cocking the lancing device,
8) opening a test strip vial/ container,
9) removing a strip from the container and inserting or interfacing
it with a meter,

10) holding a lancing device to the skin,
11) firing the lancing device,
12) lifting the lancing device and setting aside,
13) extracting a sample,
14) applying sample to the test strip and getting results,
15) disposing of the test strip,
16) cleaning the test site, and
17) returning supplies to the carrying case.
Sometimes fewer steps are involved. One manner of reducing the number or
actions is by integrated devices set to combine multiple functions.
[0005] In this regard, certain test strip dispensers are configured to both store and
advance successive test strips upon actuation. Examples of such devices are
presented in U.S. Patent Nos. 5,510,266; 5,575,403, 5,797,693 and possibly in
PCT Publication WO 01/63272. In addition some dispensers also include meter
functionality. Examples of such of systems that integrate test strip meter and
dispenser combination functions are disclosed in U.S. Patent No, 5,736,103,

5,757,666 and PCT Publication WO 99/44508. Furthermore, the device described
in WO 01/23885 includes all of the above features, plus a receptacle to receive
spent test strip elements that are cut off of a continuous roll of the same.
[0006] Another class of devices designed to decrease the number of steps
required in test strip use includes automatic or semi-automatic lancing devices.
U.S. Patent No. 6,228,100 discloses a structure configured for sequential firing of
a number of lancets, one at a time, in order to eliminate the requirement that a
user remove and replace each lancet individually before and after use.
[0007] The device disclosed in U.S. Patent No. 5,971,941 attempts to combine the
functionality of each of the preceding classes of test strip devices. In effort to
provide an "integrated" system for sampling blood and analysis thereof, it
includes a magazine of test strips, test strip advancement and dispensing features,
a meter with a display and an automated lancing mechanism all housed with a
single box. Wrhile presenting some measure of advance in user convenience, the
test strip and lancing features are removed from each other causing the user to
take two steps in lancing and transferring sample to a test strip. Furthermore, the
device includes no provisions for used test strips.
[0008] While certain combination test strip and lancing systems that do not
require that a subject to move the device relative to the sample site in use (e.g.,
the systems described in U.S. Patent Nos. 6,352,514; 6,332,871; 6,183,489;
6,099,484; 6,056,701 and 5,820,570), some of these systems are quite complex
and, consequently, either difficult to operate or costly to produce. In addition,
some involve changing-out spent test and/or lancet members one-at-a-time. This

is true with respect to the systems described in U.S. Patent Nos. 6,027,459;
6,063.039; 6,071,251 and 6,283,926 as well as for certain embodiments disclosed
in PCT Publication WO 01/64105.
[0009] However, another embodiment presented in that reference provides for
multiple lancet/sensor pairs that only need to be changed out after the disks
including each are spent. An exemplary number of a dozen such radially-oriented
pairs is provided. PCT Application entitled "Analyte Measurement," claiming a
priority of 19 December 2000 from GB 0030929.4 also discloses a meter
including a multiple sensor/tester element. Fluid extracted from a subject by a
microneedle at a common entrance port is selectively switched between a number
of microchannels by means of electro-osmotic pumps and hydrophobic gates.
The present invention is distinguished from each of these inventions in terms of
its modular use of combination test strip and sensor elements, in which unexposed
items may be sealed-off from contamination, and possibly provided in greater
number, as well as in the simplicity of the present invention which preferably
involves mechanical movement for sample acquisition and handling.
[0010] Of course, such advantages may be present in systems according to the
invention in various degrees. It is intended that, in one way or another, the
invention is of assistance in reducing barriers to patient self-monitoring and
therefore result in improved outcomes in the management of disease, such as

[0011] A preferred variation of the invention truly minimizes the steps required
for analyte test strip use as defined above. As practiced with each of the optional
features, the present invention merely involves four such user steps. These
include: providing a system according to the present invention, placing it against a
test site, pushing the system body portions together and reading a test result. The
system is then reproved and put away. It may include a cap to be removed
initially and replaced finally.
[0012] In a preferred variation of the invention, such a cap includes a magazine
that automatically receives spent or used test strips. In another variation of the
invention (one in which test strips are merely ejected) a user disposal step may be
[0013] The system of the present invention utilizes disposable test strip elements
that include an integral lancet. Examples of such strips include those described in
U.S. Patent Application S/Nos. 09/919,981, 09/923,093 and Attorney Docket No.
LIFE-035. The needle may be configured to collect blood, interstitial fluid, other
body fluids, or any combination thereof. Regardless of the type of strip chosen
and sample to be collected, the members are stored in a magazine, from which
they are fired to produce a wound to receive sample therefrom.
[0014] The action provided by the meter/dispenser of the present invention is
preferably implemented by a series of links, levers and spring elements such that
advancement of an upper body portion relative to a lower body portion resting
against a test site causes a test strip to be taken from the magazine advanced to

form a stick and collect sample. Following such action, the meter may be
removed, test results are displayed and such action as desired to dispose of the
used test strip occurs.
[0015] Each of the figures diagrammatically illustrates aspects of the invention.
To facilitate understanding, the same reference numerals have been used (where
practical) to designate similar elements that are common to the figures. Some
such numbering has, however, been omitted for the sake of drawing clarity.
[0016] Figures 1A, 2A, 3A, 4A, 5A, 6A, 7A, 7C, 8A, 9A and 10A are perspective
views of system(s) according to the present invention at various stages of
[0017] Figures 1B, 2B, 3B, 4B, 5B, 6B, 7B, 7D, 8B, 9B and 10A are top-down
cross sectional views of system(s) according to the present invention at various
stages of operation.
[0018] Figures 11A and 11B are perspective views of a preferred test strip for use
in the present invention; figures 12A and 12B are perspective views of another
preferred test strip for use in the present invention.
[0019] In describing the invention in greater detail than provided in the Summary
above, details of an embodiment of the invention together with aspects of system
use. Two alternate variations of the invention are described in this manner,
though other variations are possible. Finally, examples of a preferred test strip for
use in the device are disclosed.

[0020] Before the present invention is described in such detail, however, it is to
be understood that this invention is not limited to particular variations set forth
and may, of course, vary. Various changes may be made to the invention
described and equivalents may be substituted, without departing from the true
spirit and scope of the invention. In addition, many modifications may be made
to adapt a particular situation, material, composition of matter, process, process
act(s) or step(s), to the objective(s), spirit or scope of the present invention. All
such modifications are intended to be within the scope of the claims made herein.
[0021] Methods recited herein may be carried out in any order of the recited
events which is logically possible, as well as the recited order of events.
Furthermore, where a range of values is provided, it is understood that every
intervening value, between the upper and lower limit of that range and any other
stated or intervening value in that stated range is encompassed within the
invention. Also, it is contemplated that any optional feature of the inventive
variations described may be set forth and claimed independently, or in
combination with any one or more of the features described herein.
[0022] All existing subject matter mentioned herein (e.g., publications, patents,
patent applications and hardware) is incorporated by reference herein in its
entirety except insofar as the subject matter may conflict with that of the present
invention (in which case what is present herein shall prevail). The referenced
items are provided solely for their disclosure prior to the filing date of the present
application. Nothing herein is to be construed as an admission that the present
invention is not entitled to antedate such material by virtue of prior invention.

[0023] Reference to a singular item, includes the possibility that there are plural
of the same items present. More specifically, as used herein and in the appended
claims, the singular forms "a," "and," "said" and "the" include plural referents
unless the context clearly dictates otherwise. It is further noted that the claims
may be drafted to exclude any optional element. As such, this statement is
intended to serve as antecedent basis for use of such exclusive terminology as
"solely," "only" and the like in connection with the recitation of claim elements,
or use of a "negative" limitation. Last, it is to be appreciated that unless defined
otherwise, all technical and scientific terms used herein have the same meaning as
commonly understood by one of ordinary skill in the art to which this invention
Device and System Use
[0024] Turning now to FIGS 1A and 1B an exemplary system 2 according to the
present invention is disclosed. The device is a meter that includes actuation
features for firing test strips 4. A screen 6 is provided to display meter results
and/or direct user action in connect with system 2 use. Other externally visible
features include optional adjustment knob 8, cap 10 and interlock button 12.
[0025] Whether all or none of these optional features are included, system 2
comprises an upper body portion 14 and a lower body portion 16. As shown in
FIG 2A, the lower body portion is exposed upon removal of cap 10.
[0026] In operation, lower body portion 16 is slidingly received by upper body
portion 14. The relative motion between these two members actuates the various
elements within system 2. As described further below, the mechanism enables

combination of two steps involved in lancing: namely the cocking of the launcher
mechanism and the release of the launcher. Specifically, a single motion first
cocks the mechanism and later releases the cocked mechanism. This design
approach is similar to that of a center punch used in creating an indentation on a
surface. In combination with a test strip integrating a biosensor and lancet,
pressing system 2 against the surface of the skin leads to a single step in
performing a procedure that normally involves in excess of 10 to 15 steps.
[0027] As shown in FIGS 1A and 1B, system 2 is in an "off mode. In this mode,
knob 8 is preferably actuated by turning clockwise or counterclockwise to set the
depth, or any other variable that may be necessary to adapt to a specific user (e.g.,
force on a pressure-ring), to which a lance portion 18 of test strip 4 will fire
relative to a face 20 of the system. Face 20 may serve as such a "pressure ring" in
that when it is applied to the skin surface, it depresses tissue around a periphery of
the intended wound site. The force on pressure ring may be dictated by the
compression force to slide the lower portion into the upper portion; upon
application of this force, the test strip is typically also launched into the skin. The
pressure formed at the site to be lanced, resulting at least in part from stretching
the skin in this area, is useful for extracting a sample in that it helps "pump"
material from the wound produced.
[0028] Wound/penetration depth is preferably set to between about 0.02 mm and
2.0 mm, or more preferably set between 0.5 mm and 1.5 mm, by virtue of a
screw-type interface 22 which advances or retracts an extension 24 carrying a stop

portion 26. Such adjustment action usually accomplished at this stage is indicated
by the use of bold in connection with the elements at issue.
[0029] FIGS 2A and 2B show cap 10 being removed from system 2. It is
slidingly received by lower body portion 16. Detent features may be provided in
order to prevent inadvertent separation of the elements.
[0030] Removal of cap 10 preferably turns the system "on" as indicated in FIG
2A. Where no cap is provided, another preliminary action may be required to
activate the system (such as depressing a button) or system 2 could be activated
by subsequent activity that is described.
[0031] In any event, as shown in the other figures, various user directions or
essages may be displayed by the meter. In addition to displaying test results
and directions, display 6 may present information regarding the number of test
strips left, time to expiration, etc.
[0032] FIG 3B illustrates actuation of button 12 for a different purpose (though, it
could be used to turn the system on as well). When a user depresses button 12 as
shown, an interlocking interface 28 formed by an extension 30 of button 12 and
another extension 32 of lower body portion 16 is released. A spring member 34
may be provided to bias the button outwardly.
[0033] Any form of spring may be used in this regard. The same is true for other
springs employed in the invention. By varying the internal configuration of
system 2 flat springs, leaf springs, coil springs, torsion springs or extension
springs may be used. What is more, metal or polymer spring members may be
interchangeably used.

[0034] Regardless of such constructional details, with face 20 exposed and
interlock or safety mechanism 28 set free (most preferably by depressing button
12) the face is set against a target site. Such a target site might be a patient's or
user's finger, forearm, palm, or elsewhere.
[0035] With system 2 so positioned an "apply" message may appear on screen 6
as shown in FIG 4A. Whether prompted in this manner or not, FIG 4B shows the
next action taken by a user. Here, upper body portion 14 is pushed toward the
target site. This causes system 2 to collapse, with lower body portion 16 slidingly
received within upper body portion 14.
[0036] Such user activity results in several actions within device 2. For one,
interlock portions 28 and 32 slide past each other (instead of interfering with each
other's movement). In addition, a lancing mechanism 36 within system 2 is
cocked. This is accomplished by stressing launch spring 38. While this may be
accomplished otherwise, in the variation of the invention shown here, a lever arm
40 driven by a cocking extension 42 of lower body portion 16 provides the input.
A lance interface member 44 is held in a cocked position by a latch 46 and
cooperative catch 48 at one end of the interface member.
[0037] At the other end of interface member 44, test strip interface features 50 are
provided. These pick up or interface with a test strip 4. As shown, interface
features advance a test strip slightly relative to other test strips contained within a
magazine 52.
[0038] The magazine may be configured in any convenient manner to allow
loading of a large number of test strips therein (e.g., between about 10 and 100,

more preferably between 15 and 25) and release therefrom. Providing numerous
test strips as possible in view of the magazine format employed by the present
invention allows for greatly increased user convenience.
[0039] Magazine 52 is preferably spring-loaded in order to function properly
regardless of orientation. The magazine preferably has a door 136, which remains
closed except during brief periods of time when the test strip is removed, serves
as a moisture barrier. (A similar door or barrier may be provided for waste
magazine 22). Also, a drying agent (e.g., a desiccate) may be contained within
the magazine to protect the test strips' reagent from moisture. To further preserve
the integrity of unused test strips, the mechanism driving the test strip and
operating the door is preferably configured so it will not leave a test strip partially
advanced or the magazine open if the user were not to complete the total relative
motion of sliding lower portion 16 into upper portion 14.
[0040] The magazine, may take the form of a removable cartridge or cassette as
shown in FIG. 10A described further below. Especially under such
circumstances, it may contain a barcode or some other means (such as a chip) for
transferring information to the meter upon loading the same with test strips or a
strip cartridge. In which case, the meter would automatically read this
information when the magazine/cartridge is loaded into the system, via an
optional detection system 138 (shown in FIG. 10B). Any conventional reader or
placement as appropriate to the media by which the information is expressed may
be employed. Regardless of such constructional details, examples of information
that may be useful include: a calibration factor or code, number of strips

remaining/used in magazine, number of days since magazine was installed and/or
days until strip expiration (such as a hard date or a date that is a function of when
the magazine was loaded into the system).
[0041 ] Further optional feature(s) that may be included in meter 2 include
diagnosis or calibration system(s). For example, system 2 may include features to
determine if it is working properly in reference to one or more control species,
such as a control solution comprising glucose of a known concentration.
[0042] The relative motion between body portions 14 and 16 also results in
cocking or loading a return spring 54. Its use will be described further below.
[0043] FIGS 5A and 5B, show activity in connection with lance/test strip firing
preceding such action. In one variation, motion of the lower body portion 16
cams latch 46 to release spring loaded interface member 44 to travel, push
magazine door 136 open, and pick-up a strip to advance it out of the magazine.
Alternately, an electronic solenoid (not shown) activated by electronics included
in system 2 can be utilized to release latch 46, whereupon interface member 44,
together with test strip 4 advances as indicated. As it advances toward the skin,
interface member 44 preferably urges the test element through guides 78.
[0044] In use, since only the needle end of a test element/strip comes in contact
with a user, the opposite end of the device adjacent interface member 44 does not
into contact with body fluids. Accordingly, this element is not able to
contaminate unused test strips upon retraction past the same. Further, magazine
door 136 is opened only for a very short time period, thereby minimizing
opportunity for contamination. In addition (as further described below), used test

strips are ejected from the system or stored in a (sealed) magazine in the cap and
are never brought near the magazine. All of these factors may contribute to
maintaining unused test strip quality.
[0045] A tip 56 of the lance portion of the test strip is shown protruding slightly
from the face 20 of system 2. As shown in FIG 5A, the meter screen preferably
directs a user to hold the device in place. This allows time for sample collection
from the wound produced, such as by a pressure-ring to force fluid from the
wound and capillary action along the lance member 18. Still, it is to be noted that
other driving forces, such as vacuum, may be employed to facilitate sample
[0046] Following a sufficient time interval, (e.g., usually between about 0.1 and
15 seconds, preferably less than 3 seconds), as shown in FIG 6A, the system
preferably directs the user to remove system 2 from the test site. By such action,
as shown in FIG 6B, lower body portion returns to its pre-compressed state.
Preferably return spring 54 urges the body portions away from each other as
shown. As the body portions separate, an interface member return catch 58
withdraws interface member 44. Catch 58 is preferably provided at an end of a
return member 60 that is actuated by lever 40, which is, in turn, associated with
lower body portion 16. Pivoting interface portions 62 are preferred, though the
parts may be integrally molded with living hinge sections or otherwise produced.
[0047] In addition to showing the movement of the body portions relative to each
other in an intermediate state, FIG 6B shows a test strip disposal mechanism 64 as
it swings into position for action. The mechanism may comprise a pusher arm 66

with a stop or interface portion 68, a lever arm 70 and an intermediate link 72.
These members may also be spring-loaded. Furthermore, there construction may-
vary in like manner to the other components noted directly above.
[0048] In order for the members of the disposal mechanism to reach the location
shown in FIG 6B, as it progresses to that shown in FIG 7B (or 7D), certain
antecedent actions may have occurred. These are illustrated in connection with
FIGS 1B, 2B and 4B.
[0049] In FIG 1A, disposal mechanism 64 is shown at a rest position. A
protrusion 74 at the end of lever arm 70 is interfaced with a complementary
pusher portion 76 of cap 10 (see FIG 1B). Upon removal of the cap, the disposal
mechanism moves to the position shown in FIG 2B. From here, it is able to swing
out of the way of lance firing as shown in FIG 4B. Ultimately, as illustrated in
FIG 6B, it moves into position as seen in FIG 7B.
[0050] In FIG 7B, interface portion 68 is shown interfacing with a used strip 4'
The strip is at least partially confined by optional opposing guide members 78. In
this location an adjacent meter element 80 may be used to read the strip -
especially where colorametric sensors are employed. Alternately, where
electrochemical test strips are used, the guides 78 may serve the dual purpose of
directing the test strip and also serving as electrical contacts to interface
electrochemical strips to the meter, when this type of strip is used.
[0051] The result obtained (or a result derived from the data obtained) is
displayed on screen 6 as shown in FIG 7A.

[0052] In the variation of the invention in FIGS 7C and 7D, meter functionality
may be identical to that in FIGS 7A and 7B. However, in the variation shown in
FIGS 7C and 7D, the disposal mechanism 64' is configured somewhat differently.
The primary distinction is observed in connection with extension 82 off of lever
arm 70. Instead of being configured to interface with a cap, lever the extension
make lever 70' suitable for manual operation. It is preferably actuated as
indicated by the double-headed arrow along slot 84 shown in FIG 7C to eject
spent test strips from system 2. Before actuating the lever extension, it is
preferred that a user direct the device toward a suitably waste receptacle.
[0053] Whether or not manual test strip disposal features are included in system
2, it may be preferred to include waste magazine 86 in cap 10. Such a magazine
is used as shown in FIGS 8A - 9B. At any time after system 2 is removed from
the test site (for instance, in response to meter screen directions provided in FIG
6A), cap 10 may be replaced. In doing so tab or protrusion 74 of lever arm 70 is
captured by cap interface 76. This advances pusher arm 66, causing interface
section 68 to drive spent test strip 4' into waste magazine 86. The addition of
spent strips to its cache of spent strips held in place by biasing spring 88
eventually fills the magazine. FIG 9A and 9B show cap 10 in place with system 2
restored to its configuration in FIGS 1A and 1B. At this point, spent strip 4' is
fully deposited within magazine 86. When the magazine is full, cap 10 may be
thrown away en Toto. Such activity is shown in connection with FIGS. 10A and

[0054] Alternately, the magazine itself may be disengaged from the cap and be
thrown away alone. Either way, used test strips thus-packaged for disposal
minimize any disposal issues that are presented.
[0055] Still, at least in connection with the system approach taught in FIGS 7C
and 7D, it may be preferred no cap 10 is provided, thereby somewhat simplifying
operation of the system. Still, it is possible to provide a system that includes a
waste magazine and the ability for the user to individually dispose of test strips, as
desired. Regardless, where manual test strip disposal features are provided as
shown in FIGS 7C and 7D, release of button 12 to reactivate interlock 28 prior to
actuating lever arm extension 82 is advised in order to prevent inadvertent
movement of the body portions with respect to each other.
[0056] Furthermore, one or both of the magazines may be manually inserted
and/or removed in/from their respective housing portions. In either case, a detent
mechanism or finger-actuated latch (not shown) may be provided to ensure
retention. Removal of an empty cartridge 52 from the upper body portion is
shown in FIG. 10B. Upon opening a door 140, an empty unit may be discarded in
favor of a full one or simply reloaded and replaced in the system. Utilizing a new
cartridge marked with identification data as discussed above is, however,
[0057] As shown in FIG. 10, action associated with refill, replacement or disposal
of test strips or ancillary equipment may be indicated on readout 6 when
appropriate. Alternately, or additionally, magazines 22 and/or 52 may be
produced with transparent material or an indicator may be provided to inform a

user of its status. A open or transparent window in cover 10 or the body of the
meter may be employed to allow the user to observe the quantity of unused strips
in the magazine(s)/cassette(s).
Test Strips
[0058] As noted above, many types of test strips which integrally include a
biosensor and a forward-pointing lance member may be used in the present
invention. However, of the examples given, those described in Attorney Docket
No. LIFE-035, entitled Physiological Sample Collection Devices and Methods of
Using the Same, may be most preferred. Details regarding the production and use
of such devices are presented therein. Regardless a brief description is provided
[0059] FIGS 11A and 11B illustrate such an exemplary test strip or biosensor
device 90 fully described in the above-referenced case. Device 90 includes an
electrochemical test strip configuration and a microneedle 92 integrated therewith.
The biosensor is defined by an electrochemical cell generally having two spaced-
apart and opposing electrodes 94 and 96, respectively referred to herein as bottom
electrode 94 and top electrode 96, though in use they may oriented in any
direction. At least the surfaces of electrodes 94 and 96 facing each other are
comprised of a conductive layer 98 and 100, respectively, such as a metal,
deposited on an inert substrate 102 and 104, respectively. The spacing between
the two electrodes is a result of the presence of a spacer layer 106 positioned or
sandwiched between electrodes 94 and 96. Spacer layer 106 preferably has
double-sided adhesive to hold the electrodes. The spacer layer is preferably

configured or cut so as to provide a reaction zone or area 108. A redox reagent
system or composition 110 is present within reaction zone 108, where the reagent
system is selected to interact with targeted components in the fluid sample,
typically whole blood, during an assay of the sample. Redox reagent system 110
is usually deposited on the conductive layer 100 of top electrode 96 wherein,
when in a completely assembled form (as shown in Fig. 10B), redox reagent
system 110 resides within reaction zone 108. With such a configuration, bottom
electrode 94 serves as a counter/reference electrode and top electrode 96 serves as
the working electrode of the electrochemical cell. However, in other
embodiments, depending on the voltage sequence applied to the cell, the role of
the electrodes can be reversed such that the bottom electrode serves as a working
electrode and top electrode serves as a counter/reference electrode.
[0060] Microneedle 92 is preferably integrally formed with and extends from
bottom electrode 94. The microneedle is shown with a space-defining
configuration in the form of a concave recess 112 within its top surface. The
recess creates a corresponding space within skin tissue upon penetration of
microneedle 92 into the skin. This space acts as a sample fluid collection
reservoir wherein fluid released upon penetration is pooled within the space prior
to transfer into the electrochemical cell. An opening 114 to further expose the
pooling area defined by recess 112 to the outside environment may also be
included, thereby increasing the volume and flow rate of body fluid into the
pooling area.

[0061] Biosensor device 90 further includes a sample fluid transfer or extraction
pathway or channel 116 which extends from recess 112 to within the biosensor.
At least a portion of a proximal end of the pathway resides within the biosensor
portion of device 90, specifically within reaction zone 108, and a portion of a
distal end of pathway 114 resides within microneedle 92. Pathway 116 is
dimensioned so as to exert a capillary force on fluid within the pooling area
defined by recess 112, and draws or wicks physiological sample to within the
reaction zone. Extending laterally from proximal portion 114 of the pathway to
within a portion or the entirety of the reaction zone are sub-channels 118. The
sub-channels facilitate the filling of reaction zone 108 with the sampled fluid.
[0062] FIGS 12A and 12B illustrate another suitable embodiment of a
biosensor/skin-piercing device 90' which is also disclosed in Attorney Docket No.
LIFE 035, entitled Physiological Sample Collection Devices and Methods of
Using the Same. Device 90' has a photometric/colorimetric biosensor
configuration and a microneedle 92' integrated therewith. The colorimetric or
photometric biosensor is generally made up of at least the following components:
a support element or substrate 120 made of either an inert material, including
suitable plastics, or a metal material, a matrix or matrix area 122 for receiving a
sample, a reagent composition 124 within the matrix area, the reagent
composition typically including one or more members of an analyte oxidation
signal producing system, an air venting port (not shown) and a top layer 126
which covers at least matrix 122. In some embodiments, top layer 126 may be a
membrane containing a reagent composition impregnated therein while the matrix

122 may or may not contain reagent composition. Further, test strip 90' may
include a double-sided adhesive layer 128 situated between substrate 120 and
membrane 126 to hold them together. Double-sided adhesive layer 130 has a cut-
out portion 132 which corresponds to the area of matrix 122 and defines an area
for deposition of the sampled physiological fluid and for the various members of
the signal producing system.
[0063] Microneedle 92 is preferably formed with and extends from substrate 120
and has a space-defining configuration in the form of an opening 114 which
extends transverse to a dimension, e.g., width or thickness, of microneedle 92'.
As with recess 112 of microneedle 90 above, opening 114 forms an open space
within the tissue upon penetration of the microneedle into the skin. Such open
space acts as a sample fluid collection reservoir wherein fluid released upon
penetration is pooled within the space prior to transfer into the photometric/
colorimetric cell. Note, however, that the needle variation shown in FIGS 11A
and 11B may instead rely solely on a recess and omit a through-hole.
[0064] Biosensor device 90' hosts a sample fluid transfer or extraction pathway
116 having a distal end which extends within a portion of microneedle 92' and
terminates at a distal opening 114. At least a portion of the proximal end of ^
pathway 116 resides within the biosensor portion of device, specifically within
matrix area 122. Pathway 116 is dimensioned so as to exert a capillary force on
fluid within the pooling area defined by opening 114, and draws or wicks
physiological sample to within matrix area 122. Extending laterally from
proximal portion of pathway 116 to within a portion or the entirety of matrix area

122 are sub-channels 134, which facilitate the filling of matrix or matrix area 122
with the sampled fluid.
[0065] Though the invention has been described in reference to certain examples,
optionally incorporating various features, the invention is not to be limited to the
set-ups described. The invention is not limited to the uses noted or by way of the
exemplary description provided herein. It is to be understood that the breadth of
the present invention is to be limited only by the literal or equitable scope of the
following claims. That being said, we claim:

1. An analyte detection system comprising:
a first body portion comprising a lancing mechanism that comprises a
lever arm pivotably connected to said first body portion and operatively
connected at a first end of said lever arm to a test strip interface member
by a launch spring;
a second body portion slidably received by said first body portion, the
second body portion comprising a cocking extension; and
a magazine adapted to receive a plurality of unused test strips;
wherein the cocking extension of said second body portion is engageable
with a second end of said lever arm of said lancing mechanism to pivot
said lever arm to advance said interface member to take a test strip from
said magazine and advance said test strip along a lancing path.
2. The system as claimed in claim 1, wherein said magazine is carried by
said second body portion and wherein said second end of said lever arm
is actuatable by said second body portion to pivot said lever arm and load
said launch spring between said first end of said lever arm and an end of
said interface member for firing a test strip to position at least a lance
portion of the test strip past a face of said second body portion to
penetrate a tissue site.

3. The system as claimed in claim 1 or 2, comprising a button, wherein said
body portions are adapted to be moveable relative to each other upon
depressing said button.
4. The system as claimed in claim 1, 2 or 3, comprising a meter test element
and a meter screen.
5. The system as claimed in claim 1 to 4, comprising a test strip disposal
mechanism including a pusher arm with a disposal interface portion, a
lever arm, and an intermediate link between said arm and said disposal
interface portion.
6. The system as claimed in claim 1, comprising a cap.
7. The system as claimed in claim 6, wherein said cap carries a magazine
adapted to receive a plurality of used test strip members.
8. The system as claimed in claim 1 to 7, comprising a plurality of test strip
members each comprising a sensor and at least one forward-facing lance

9. The system as claimed in claim 8, wherein said plurality of test strip
members are provided in a cartridge.

An analyte detection system comprising: a first body portion comprising a lancing
mechanism that comprises a lever arm pivotably connected to said first body
portion and operatively connected at a first end of said lever arm to a test strip
interface member by a launch spring; a second body portion slidably received by
said first body portion, the second body portion comprising a cocking extension;
and a magazine adapted to receive a plurality of unused test strips; wherein the
cocking extension of said second body portion is engageable with a second end
of said lever arm of said lancing mechanism to pivot said lever arm to advance
said interface member to take a test strip from said magazine and advance said
test strip along a lancing path.






206-kol-2003-granted-description (complete).pdf


206-kol-2003-granted-examination report.pdf

206-kol-2003-granted-form 1.pdf

206-kol-2003-granted-form 18.pdf

206-kol-2003-granted-form 2.pdf

206-kol-2003-granted-form 26.pdf

206-kol-2003-granted-form 3.pdf

206-kol-2003-granted-form 5.pdf

206-kol-2003-granted-reply to examination report.pdf


206-kol-2003-granted-translated copy of priority document.pdf

Patent Number 227277
Indian Patent Application Number 206/KOL/2003
PG Journal Number 02/2009
Publication Date 09-Jan-2009
Grant Date 05-Jan-2009
Date of Filing 07-Apr-2003
Name of Patentee LIFESCAN, INC.
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
PCT International Classification Number G01N 21/78
PCT International Application Number N/A
PCT International Filing date
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 10/142,443 2002-05-09 U.S.A.