|Title of Invention||
DEVICE FOR ENHANCING WELL-BEING
|Abstract||An inhaling device is provided which has an inlet for oxygen or air containing oxygen, and an outlet in the form of a mouthpiece. A permanent magnet of strength between about 1500 and 3000 gauss is located between the inlet and the mouthpiece so that the user can draw oxygen through the device into the mouth past the magnet which induces paramagnetism to the oxygen.|
FORM - 2
THE PATENTS ACT, 1970
(39 of 1970)
THE PATENTS RULES 2003
(See section 10 and rule 13)
AN INHALER DEVICE FOR MAGNETISING OXYGEN
BRYAN BARKER SPEIGHT
a South African National of 13 Cadmore Road, Botha's Hill, Durban, 3660, Kwa Zulu Natal, South Africa
THE FOLLOWING SPECIFICATION PARTICULARLY DESCRIBES THE INVENTION AND THE MANNER IN WHICH IT IS TO BE PERFORMED.
An inhaling device is provided which has an inlet for oxygen or air containing oxygen, and an outlet in the form of a mouthpiece. A permanent magnet of strength between about 1500 and 3000 gauss is located between the inlet and the mouthpiece so that the user can draw oxygen through the device into the mouth past magnet which induces paramagnetism to the oxygen.
TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION
This invention relates to a device for enhancing the well-being of humans and any animals who can be made to use the device.
The term "well-being" is chosen to include the alleviation of disease and other physiological problems, as well as to improve performance in many aspects of life such as sport and other functions; and also to contribute to the regulation of the immune system.
In a particular application of the present invention, usefulness of the device according to the present invention is evaluated in the treatment of asthma and emphasemia.
Research has been carried out on the absorption or adsorption of oxygen to the iron sites of the haemoglobin molecule. Thus, oxygen molecules cross the alveolar-capillary membrane and are dissolved in the plasma. The amount of dissolved oxygen in the plasma is known to be important and it is the
haemoglobin that is responsible for the amount of oxygen in the blood. Approximately 1.3 ml of oxygen dissolves in 1 gm of haemoglobin.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a device which promotes the entry of oxygen into the plasma and attachment of oxygen onto the haemoglobin cells to form oxy-haemoglobin
DISCLOSURE OF THE INVENTION
According to the invention a device is provided which includes an inlet for oxygen or air and an outlet, preferably in the form of a mouthpiece, and a means for providing an electromagnetic field such as a magnetic field between the inlet and the outlet, the magnetic field being sufficient to induce paramagnetism to the oxygen.
In a preferred form of the invention the magnetic field is created by a permanent magnet, electromagnet of other source of magnetic field in the device, and the strength of the magnetic field is preferably but not limited to the order of 1,500 gauss to 3,000 gauss.
The arrangement of inlet and mouthpiece is designed for the person using the device to draw air through the device but it will be appreciated that means may be provided to assist the passage of the oxygen-containing gas through the device. This may be particularly useful in anaesthesiology by providing the patient with increased oxygen supply during anaesthetic procedures.
Experiments have shown that use of the device leads to a definite improvement to the immune system and there have also been exciting improvements in the enhancement of performance and well-being. A number of surveys were conducted to support the effectivity of the invention.
Fourteen athletes were selected for the survey. Ten were supplied with a device (called THERAHALER) according to the invention and four were not. The results are given in the following table.
TEST PARAMETER ATHLETES USING THERAHALER
(10) ATHLETES USING PLACEBO
At start After 4 weeks Change At start After 4 weeks Change
Resting heart rate (beats per minute) average 66.14 61.80 - 6.56 % 64.75 66.50 + 2.70%
Heart rate after 15 minutes exercise (beats per minute) average per athlete 160.20 150.50 - 6.0 % 163.75 165.00 - 0.91
After 1 minute rest (beats per minute) average per athlete 122.70 105.60 -13.9% 123.00 124.25 + 1.0
After 3 minutes rest (beats per minute) average per athlete 91.30 81.10 -11.17% 92.25 98.25 + 6.5
Breath holding time (seconds) Breath holding time (seconds)
Average per athlete 67.3 73.2 + 8.77 % 54.5 57.25 + 5%
1. Test subjects: 14 above average athletes, volunteers from various athletic disciplines. 10 used THERAHALER every 30 minutes for 4 weeks, 4 used placebos.
2. Test subjects' fitness/endurance capabilities were tested
a) at commencement
b) after 4 weeks
using an exercise bicycle with variable, measurable loading as per chart and heart rate per minute was measured at intervals indicated. All subjects continued with normal training regime during the test period. (4 weeks)
3. The athletes were required to use their devices thus:
a) Expel air from lungs.
b) Inhale atmospheric air through the THERAHLER/PLACEBO until
lungs were full. [
c) Hold breath as long as possible (measured in seconds)
e) Repeat every 30 minutes during waking hours.
This survey was conducted on 28 top class rugby players~20 without
THERAHALER and 8 using THERAHALER every 30 minutes.
The test used was the 20 m "Bleep Test" where a player is required to run 20 m between beacons, each lap a little faster than the last. When a participant cannot keep up the pace set by a bleep, he is disqualified.
The 28 players performed a total of 2643 laps (average 104-26 laps per player).
Three weeks synopsis of 12 Players:
Without THERAHLER (7 Players) With THERAHALERS (5 Players)
Extra number of laps completed: 100 Extra number of laps completed: 128
Average Extra per player: 14.29 Average Extra per player: 25.6
Improvement as % of base (104.26): 13.7% Improvement as % of base: 24.44%
Synopsis of performance improvement of all 24 Players over 1 to 4 weeks:
Without THERAHLER (16 Players) With THERAHALERS (8 Players)
Total 38 Weeks Usage Total 22 Weeks Usage
255 Extra laps 196 Extra Laps
Improved Laps per week: 6.7 Improved Laps per week: 8.9
(2.2 extra over non THERAHELR players) = 2% improvement in performance)
1. Players who use THERAHELR can expect to attain an extra 25%)
improvement in fitness levels after three weeks over player who do not use
2. The greater percentage of THERAHALER players completing the three week
course, held during a flu epidemic, would substantiate improve Immune system
function observed with the ASTHMATIC patient trial.
3. Players using THERAHALER reported an improved feeling of WELL BEING (as did ASTHMA patients) which indicates an improved confidence level and an improved all round state of health.
4. Tests using work load bicycle and measuring heart work & recovery rates yield supportive results, but in this rest, 25% placebos were used and they showed disappointing results
A quality of life study was completed by 45 asthmatic patients as required by
protocol for Juniper Quality of Life Questionnaires (AQLQ).
The protocol was constructed as follows:
a. 14 day observation period to ascertain the stability of the patients
b. 28 day intensive Therahaler therapy (every 30 mins).
c. Second 28 day intensive Therahaler Therapy.
d. 30 day maintenance Therahaler Therapy (6 x per day to establish
whether the benefits gained in the 56 day intensive therapy period were
lasting or not.
e. Final patient check up~it is at this period that these patient feedback
reports are filled in.
End of Study Patient Feedback Report
4. If there were any changes to be made to the Therahaler - What would they be ?
Not Sure: 11% 0 = .7% 1 = 0%
2 = 6% 3 = 7% 4 = 7%
5 = 4% 6= 16% 7 = 9%
8= 16% 9 = 4% 10 = 13%
6. With regard to night time sleep since using the Therahaler ?
The results of the responses to the questions for the first and last visits of patients were analyzed to investigate whether there was any significant improvement in the quality of life as measured by the questions of the AQLQ(S) questionnaire.
A paired t-test was applied to each of the 32 questions. For most of the questions, the sample size was n=44 except in a few cases where a patient may not have answered a particular question. All the questions, with the exception of question 12, showed a significant improvement. This is shown by the negative values of the t-statistic with accompanying p-values Question 12 which asks "How much discomfort have you felt over the past 2 weeks as a result of coughing?" yielded t=-1.375 with a p-value of 0.176 and although not significant at a 5% level of significance, still indicates an improvement.
The statistical results thus show that the use of the Therahaler has improved the patients' quality of life as measured by the AQLQ(S) questionnaire.
1. All patients report being able to breathe easier and can better preform their normal functions at work and home and enjoy a improved quality of life.
2. All patients had experienced frequent Asthma attacks-some near fatal before using THERAHALER since completing their eight week regimine.
3. With one exception, all patients have significantly reduced their medicine intake--two have stopped carrying their Bronchial dilator pumps around with them, and some have stopped using cortico steroids.
4. Three patients got flu and one bronchitis after completing the test and reported no deterioration in their asthma, indicating that their immune system was functioning normally.
5. Many patients can now enjoy foods, which they could not previously enjoy because it would trigger an asthma attack, again indicating that their immune systems have improved.
6. NO adverse reactions or experiences were felt and all patients reported that they preferred using the THERAHALER because it is a non-medicated option utilizing natural principles.
7. Improvement in peak flow meter readings indicated an improvement in lung function.
8. Patients reported enjoying an uninterrupted night sleep since completing the THERAHALER regime, because wheezing and coughing had diminished or had ceased altogether.
This survey was aimed to determine the effects of regular use of
THERAHALER on arterial blood gas concentrations and T Cell numbers.
1. 7 THERAHALER board members were recruited for the study.
2. Blood sampling involved taking an arterial blood sample from the radial artery and a venous sample from the brachial vein for T Cell analysis.
3. The arterial blood sample was analysed for the following parameters:
i) Partial pressure of oxygen (P02) ii) Partial pressure of carbon dioxide (PC02) iii) Oxy-haemoglobin percentage (02Hb) iv) Carboxyhaemoglobin percentage (COHb) v) Methaemaglobin percentage (metHb) vi) Haemoglobin concentration (Hb)
4. The venous blood sample was analysed and the following counts were
i) CD3 Count ii) CD4 Count iii) CD8 Count
5. Baseline sampling (arterial and venous) was done on all subjects.
6. The test subjects were then instructed to use the THERAHALER every 5 minutes for the next two hours and repeat arterial sampling was conducted.
7. The subjects were then sent home and requested to use the THERAHALER as directed every 30 minutes while awake.
8. Further arterial and venous sampling was conducted.
PILOT BLOOD GAS INVESTIGATION RESULTS:
Reading After 2 hours
Reading After 2 weeks (Every 30 minutes) Average Reading After 4 weeks (Every 30 minutes) Average Reading
Oxy¬hemoglobin 93.69 94.00 94.30 94.75
P02 92.99 92.09 101.40 91.17
PC02 39.50 39.80 38.36 39.68
Haemoglobin 15.33 15.61 15.81 15.88
The object of the two tests was to investigate trends to gain a better understanding of how THERAHALER's magnetic field impacts blood physiology. The following findings were made:
Oxv-haemoglobin: This showed a steady, incremental increase from a starting average of 93.69% to 94.75% four weeks later.
PO2 Levels: The test reveals a slight drop in P02 levels over the four week period, but the third reading being rather erratic and should be ignored.
PC02 Levels: Over the four week test, the levels remain almost constant, indicating that improvement in Oxy-haemoglobin levels are not as a result of hyperventilation.
Haemoglobin concentration G/dl: Here, surprisingly, small, but steady incremental increases in haemoglobin concentration from 15.33 to 15.83 were found. Normally, when oxy-haemoglobin levels increase haemoglobin levels decrease.
Conclusion: THERAHALER does improve blood oxygen levels without significantly disturbing blood C02 levels.
SURVEY 5: Test for changes in Immunity level function Average Reading Test Procedure: Seven trialists used the THERAHALER for a four week period and venous blood samples taken initially before THERAHALER usage, after two weeks, after four weeks. CD3, CD4, CD8 levels were noted at these intervals yielding the following results.
Parameter Commencement (Before Therahaler) Average Reading After 2 weeks (Every 30 minutes) Average Reading After 4 weeks (Every 30 minutes) Average Reading
CD3 1662.67 1373.5 1724
CD4 982 784 1015
CD8 634 906 675
Conclusion: CD3 and CD4 counts show a significant improvement whilst CD8 shows moderate improvement. When these results are correlated with patient reports from Survey 3 Asthma trials, many patients reported large reductions and in some cases cessation of corticosteroid drug therapy combined with an increase resistance to flu and bronchitis.
THERAHLER has no reported adverse effects during this test, or any previous tests, and has also proved to be completely compatible with all allotropic medicine regimes encountered to date. THERAHALER's safety and drug compatibility is one of the device's many outstanding features.
Figure 1 of the accompanying drawings illustrates an inhaler device (1) in accordance with the present invention, which includes an inlet (8) for oxygen or air and outlet (4), preferably in the form of a mouthpiece. The device (1) is covered with a cap (3) which has to be removed before inhalation. When air is inhaled, it passes through a short tube (7) with a constricted throat (2) to maintain the air pressure and velocity typically according to the venturi principle. The tube (7) comprises an electromagnet (5). The electromagnet (5) provides an electromagnetic field between the inlet and the outlet, which is sufficient to induce paramagnetism to the oxygen molecules inhaled by a user.
In a preferred form of the invention, the magnetic field is created by a permanent magnet, electromagnet or other source of magnetic field in the device, and the strength of the magnetic field is preferably but not limited to in the order of 1500 to 3000 gauss.
1. An inhaler device (1) including an inlet (8) for oxygen or air and an outlet (4) adapted for connection to breathing system of a human characterised by means (5) for creating an electromagnetic field between the inlet and the outlet, the field being sufficient to induce paramagnetism to the oxygen characterized in that the magnetic field is in the range of between 1500 and 3000 gauss.
2. A device according to Claim 1, wherein the electromagnetic field is a magnetic field.
3. A device according to Claim 2, wherein the magnetic field is created by a permanent magnet.
4. A device according to any of the above claims, wherein the outlet is in the form of a mouthpiece and is arranged together with the inlet to allow a user to draw air through the device.
Dated this 12th day of May, 2005.
OF R. K. DEWAN & COMPANY
APPLICANT'S PATENT ATTORNEY
|Indian Patent Application Number||409/MUMNP/2005|
|PG Journal Number||06/2009|
|Date of Filing||12-May-2005|
|Name of Patentee||BRYAN BARKER SPEIGHT|
|Applicant Address||13 CADMORE ROAD, BOTHA'S HILL DURBAN, 3660, KWA ZULU NATAL.|
|PCT International Classification Number||A61M15/02|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/ZA2003/000170|
|PCT International Filing date||2003-11-12|