Title of Invention


Abstract A composition comprising D) a lubricant or fuel, a metalworking fluid or a hydraulic fluid; E) 0.005 to 0.01% by weight of at least one compound of the formula in which R1 and R2 independently of one another are C3-C18alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, C5-C6cycloalkylmethyl, C9-C10bicycloalkylmethyl, Cg-C10tricycloalkylmethyl, phenyl of C7-C24alkylphenyl or together are (CH3) 2C(CH2) 2, and other oil additives selected from the group consisting of antioxidants, metal passivators, rust inhibitors, dispersants, detergents, antifoams, solid lubricants, viscosity index improvers, pour point depressants and antiwear additives.
Full Text The present invention relates to a composition comprising a lubricant or fuel, a metal working fluid or a hydraulic fluid.
The present invention relates to compositions comprising a lubricant (preferably an industrial oil or a grease), a metalworking or hydraulic fluid and at least one P-dithiophosphorylated propionic acid of the formula I below.
Modern lubricants are formulated with additives which perform functions such as protection against high pressure wear and corrosion and act as antioxidants [W.J. Bartz (editor) et al., "Additive fur Schmierstoffe" (expert-Verlag 1994)]. Relevant in this context are zinc dialkyldithiophosphates, which combine antioxidant with high-pressure antiwear properties. In more recent times attempts have been made to replace these additives, which contain heavy metals, substantially by metal-free compounds, since this is ecologically more beneficial and has a positive effect on the durability of the exhaust-fume catalysts of internal combustion engines. In industry at present there is a need for metal-free and ash-free additives. Esters of the type
(Formula Removed)
are obtainable under the trade name Irgalube 63. In addition, US 4,333,841, describes dithiophosphorylated mercaptoacetic acids and their salts as lubricant additives.
Bis-dithiophosphoric acid derivatives are described in GB-A 2,267,493 as lubricant additives. For the same utility EP-A 98 809 [CA 101: 55323 s] proposes salts of the formula (RO)2P(S)S (CH2)n (C(O)OM where M = Li, K, Na or HNR. US-A 5,362,419 describes as intermediates acids of the formula (RO)2P(S)S (CH2)2C(O)OH for, preparing glycol esters that are suitable as lubricant additives, for example (RO)2P(S)(CH2)2 C(O)OCH2 (CHOH)CH20H (see also H. Zinke, R. Schumacher, Wear 179 (1-2) (1994) 45-8 [CA 122: 85158 t).
It has surprisingly been found that the p-dithiophosphorylated propionic acids, on which the abovementioned propionates are based, are themselves, even at very low concentrations, outstanding high-pressure and antiwear agents.
The invention therefore relates to compositions (preferably zinc- and ash-free) comprising

A) a lubricant or fuel, a metalworking fluid or a hydraulic fluid, especially an
industrial oil or a grease, in particular a base oil from the group consisting of mineral,
vegetable and synthetic (for example poly-α-olefin or ester) oils;
B) at least one compound of the formula
(Formula Removed)
in which
R1 and R2 independently of one another are C3-C18alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, C5-C6cycloalkylmethyl, C9-C10obicycloalkylmethyl, C9-C10tricycloalkylmethyl, phenyl or C7-C24alkylphenyl or together are (CH3)2C(CH2)2, and

R3 is hydrogen or methyl, and, if desired,
C) other customary oil additives, for example from the groups consisting of antioxidants, metal passivators, rust inhibitors, dispersants, detergents, viscosity index improvers, pourpoint depressants and other antiwear additives.
In the context of component B) R1 and R2 independently of one another are preferably C3-C18alkyl, C5-C6cycloalkyl or C7-C18alkylphenyl.
In the context of component B) R-1 and R2 are, with particular preference, i-propyl, i-butyl or 2-ethylhexyl and R3 is, with particular preference, hydrogen. Where R1 and R2 in the above formula I are C3-C18alkyl they are branched or unbranched radicals. Examples of these are propyl, isopropyl, n-butyl, isobutyl, t-butyl, pentyl, isopentyl, hexyl, heptyl, 3-heptyl, octyl, 2-ethylhexyl, nonyl, decyl, undecyl, dodecyl, tridecyl, tetradecyl, pentadecyl, hexadecyl, heptadecyl, octadecyl, 2-ethylbutyl, 1-methylpentyl, 1,3-dimethylbutyl, 1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl, 1-methylhexyl, isoheptyl, 1-methylheptyl, 1,1,3-trimethylhexyl and 1-methylundecyl.
R1 and R2 as C5-C12cycloalkyl can, for example, be cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl, cyclo-heptyl, cyclooctyl or cyclododecyl. Cyclopentyl and cyclohexyl are preferred, especially cyclohexyl.
R1 and R2 as C5-C6cycloalkylmethyl are cyclopentylmethyl and, in particular, cyclohexylmethyl.

R1 and R2 as C9-C10bicycloalkylmethyl are, for example, decalinylmethyl. As C9-C10tricycloalkylmethyl R1 and R2 preferably have the meaning of a group of the

(Formula Removed)
Examples of alkylphenyl are methylphenyl, dime.thyiphenyl, trimethylphenyl,
ethylphenyl, isopropylphenyl, t-butylphenyl, dt-t-butylphenyl and 2,6-di-t-butyl-4-methylphenyl.
Accordingly, there is provided a composition comprising
A) A lubricant or fuel, or a metalworking fluid or a hydraulic fluid;
B) 0.005 to 0.01% by weight of at least one compound of the formula

(Formula Removed)
in which R1 and R2 independently of one another are C3-C18alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, C5-C6cycloalkylmethyl, Cg-Ciobicycloalkylmethyl, C9-C10tricycloalkylmethyl, phenyl of C7-C24alkylphenyl or together are (CH3)2 C(CH2) 2, and
C) other conventional oil additives in the range from 0.01 to 10% by weight, selected from the group consisting of antioxidants, metal passivators, rust inhibitors, dispersants, detergents, antifoams, solid lubricants, viscosity index improvers, pour point depressants and antiwear additives.
The composition of the present invention relates to a synergistic mixture having surprising or unexpected properties and is not prepared by a process involving a chemical reaction.
the modified, epoxidized and sulfoxidized forms thereof, for example epoxidized soya bean oil. The mineral oils are based, in particular, on hydrocarbon compounds.
Examples of synthetic lubricants comprise lubricants based on aliphatic or aromatic carboxyl esters, polymeric esters, polyalkylene oxides, phosphoric esters, poly-α-olefins or silicones, on a diester of a dibasic acid with a monohydric alcohol, for example dioctyl sebacate or dinonyl adipate, on a triester of trimethylolpropane with a monobasic acid or with a mixture of such acids, for example trimethylolpropane tripelargonate, trimethylolpropane tricaprylate or mixtures thereof, on a tetraester of pentaerythritol with a monobasic acid or with a mixture of such acids, for example pentaerythritol tetracaprylate, or on a complex ester of monobasic and dibasic acids with polyhydric alcohols, for example a complex ester of trimethylolpropane with caprylic and sebacic acid or a mixture thereof. Particularly suitable examples other than mineral oils are poly-α-olefins, ester-based lubricants, phosphates, glycols, polyglycols and polyalkylene glycols, and mixtures thereof with water.
Industrial oils, greases, metalworking fluids and hydraulic fluids can be prepared on the basis of the same substances as described above for the lubricants. In many cases the compositions involved are also emulsions of such substances in water or other liquids.
Lubricant compositions in accordance with the invention are used, for example, in internal combustion engines, for example in motor vehicles fitted, for example, with engines of the Otto, Diesel, two-stroke, Wankel or orbital type.
The component B is also suitable as an additive for fuels in motor vehicles fitted with engines of the specified type.
The compounds of the formula I are readily soluble in lubricants, fuels, metalworking fluids and hydraulic fluids and are therefore of particular suitability as additives to lubricants, metalworking fluids and hydraulic fluids.
The compositions advantageously include from 0.005 to 1.0 % by weight of a compound of the formula I, preferably 0.005 - 0.1 % by weight, in particular 0.005 -0.05 % by weight.
The compounds of the formula I can be introduced into the lubricants or fuels in a manner known per se. The compounds are readily soluble in oils, for example. It is also possible to prepare a so-called masterbatch which can be diluted with the corresponding lubricant to use concentrations at the rate at which they are
consumed. In such cases, concentrations of more than 1 % by weight are also possible.
The lubricants or fuels, metalworking and hydraulic fluids stabilized in accordance with the invention may additionally include other additives, which are added in order to improve still further the basic properties of these formulations; such additives include antioxidants, metal passivators, other rust inhibitors, viscosity index improvers, pour point depressants, solid lubricants, dispersants, detergents, antifoams, further high-pressure additives, antiwear additives and additives which reduce the coefficient of friction. Such additives are added in the customary amounts in each case in the range from in each case about 0.01 to 10.0 % by weight.
The text below gives examples of such additional additives:
Examples of phenolic antioxidants:
1.1. Alkvlated monophenols. for example 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methylphenol, 2-butyl-
4,6-dimethylphenol, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol,'2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-n-butylphenol,
2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-iso-butylphenol, 2,6-di-cyclopentyl-4-methylphenol, 2-(a-methyl-
cyclohexyl)-4,6-dimethyiphenol, 2,6-di-octadecyl-4-methylphenol, 2,4,6-tri-cyclo-
hexylphenol, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-methoxymethylphenol, linear or sidechain-branched
nonylphenols, for example 2,6-di-nonyl-4-methylphenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-(1'-methyl-
undec-1 '-yl)phenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-(1 '-methylheptadec-1 '-yl)phenol, 2,4-dimethyl-6-
(1'-methyltridec-1'-yl)phenol and mixtures thereof.
1.2. Alkvlthiomethvlphenols. for example 2,4-di-octylthiomethyl-6-tert-butylphenol,
2,4-di-octylthiomethyl-6-methylphenol, 2,4-di-octylthiomethyl-6-ethylphenol, 2,6-di-
1.3. Hydroquinones and alkvlated hydroauinones. for example 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-
methoxyphenol, 2,5-di-tert-butylhydroquinone, 2,5-di-tert-amylhydroquinone, 2,6-
diphenyl-4-octadecyloxyphenol, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-hydroquinone, 2,5-di-tert-butyl-4-
hydroxyanisole, 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyanisole, 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl
stearate, bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) adipate.
1.4. Tocopherols. for example α-, ßor -tocopherol and mixtures thereof
(vitamin E).
1.5. Hvdroxylated thiodiohenvl ethers, for example 2,2'-thiobis(6-tert-butyl-4-
methylphenol),2,2'-thiobis(4-octylphenol), 4,4'-thiobis(6-tert-butyl-3-methylphenol),
4,4'-thiobis-(6-tert-butyl-2-methylphenol), 4,4'-thiobis(3,6-di-sec.-amylphenol), 4,4'-
bis(2,6-dimethyl-4-hydroxyphenyl) disulfide.
1.6. Alkylidenebisphenols. for example 2,2'-methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-methyl-
phenol),2,2'-methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-ethylphenol), 2,2'-methylenebis[4-methyl-6-
(α-methylcyclohexyl)-phenol], 2,2'-methylenebis(4-methyl-6-cyclohexylphenol), 2,2'-
2,2'-ethylidenebis(4,6-di-tert-butylphenol), 2,2'-ethylidenebis(6-tert-butyl-4-isobutyl-
phenol), 2,2'-methylenebis[6-(α-methylbenzyl)-4-nonylphenol],2,2'-methylene-bis[6-
(α,α-dimethylbenzyl)-4-nonylphenol], 4)4'-methylenebis(2,6-di-tert-butylphenol), 4,4'-
methylenebis(6-tert-butyl-2-methylphenol), 1,1 -bis(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-methyl-
phenyl)butane, 2,6-bis(3-tert-butyl-5-methyl-2-hydroxybenzyl)-4-methylphenol, 1,1,3-
tris(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)butane, 1,1 -bis(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-
methylphenyl)-3-n-dodecylmercaptobutane, ethylene glycol bis[3,3-bis(3'-tert-butyl-
4'-hydroxyphenyl)butyrate], bis(3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methylphenyl)dicyclo-
pentadiene, bis[2-(3'-tert-butyl-2'-hydroxy-5'-methylbenzyl)-6-tert-butyl-4-methyl-
phenyl]terephthalate, 1,1 -bis(3,5-dimethyl-2-hydroxyphenyl)butane, 2,2-bis(3,5-di-
tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)propane, 2,2-bis(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)-
4-n-dodecylmercaptobutane, 1,1,5,5-tetra(5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-2-methylphenyl)-
1.7. Q-. N- and S-benzyl compounds, for example 3,5,3',5'-tetra-tert-butyl-4,4'-
dihydroxydibenzyl ether, octadecyl 4-hydroxy-3,5-dimethylbenzylmercaptoacetate,
tridecyl 4-hydroxy-3,5-di-tert-butylbenzylmercaptoacetate, tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-
)amine, bis(4-tert-butyl-3-hydroxy-2,6-dimethylbenzyl)dithioterephthalate, bis(3,5-di-
tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl) sulfide, isooctyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-
1.8. Hvdroxvbenzvlated malonates. for example dioctadecyl 2,2-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-
2-hydroxybenzyl)malonate, dioctadecyl 2-(3-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-5-methylbenzyl)-
malonate, di-dodecyl mercaptoethyl-2,2-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-
malonate, di[4-(1,1,3,3-tetramethylbutyl)phenyl] 2,2-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-
1.9. Aromatic hvdroxvbenzvl compounds, for example 1,3,5-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-
hydroxybenzyl)-2,4,6-trimethylbenzene, 1,4-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-
2,3,5,6-tetramethylbenzene, 2,4,6-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)phenol.
1.10. Triazine compounds, for example 2,4-bisoctylmercapto-6-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-
hydroxyanilino)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-octylmercapto-4,6-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-
anilino)-1,3,5-triazine, 2-octylmercapto-4,6-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenoxy)-
1,3,5-triazine, 2,4,6-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenoxy)-1,2,3-triazine, 1,3,5-
tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-isocyanurate, 1,3,5-tris(4-tert-butyl-3-hydroxy-
2,6-dimethylbenzyl) isocyanurate, 2,4,6-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylethyl)-1,3,5-triazine, 1,3,5-tris(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionyl)hexahydro-1,3,5-triazine, 1,3,5-tris(3,5-dicyclohexyl-4-hydroxybenzyl)-isocyanurate.
1.11. Benzvlohosphonates. for example dimethyl 2,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzyl-
phosphonate, diethyl 3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylphosphonate, dioctadecyl 3,5-
di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxybenzylphosphonate, dioctadecyl 5-tert-butyl-4-hydroxy-3-
methylbenzylphosphonate, the calcium salt of the monoethyl ester of 3,5-di-tert-
butyl-4-hydroxybenzylphosphonic acid.
1.12. Acvlaminophenols. for example 4-hydroxylauranilide, 4-hydroxystearanilide,
octyl N-(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenyl)carbamate.
1.13. Esters of ß-(3.5-di-tert-butvl-4-hvdroxvphenynpropionic acid. ß-(5-tert-butyl-4-
hydroxy-3-methylphenynpropionicacid. ß-(3.5-dicvclohexvl-4-hvdroxvphenvl)-
propionic acid. 3.5-di-tert-butvl-4-hvdroxvDhenvlacetic acid or ß-(5-tert-butyl-4-
hvdroxvphenyn-3-thiabutvric acid with mono- or polyhydric alcohols, e.g. with
methanol, ethanol, n-octanol, i-octanol, octadecanol, 1,6-hexanediol, 1,9-nonane-
diol, ethylene glycol, 1,2-propanediol, neopentyl glycol, thiodiethylene glycol, diethy-
lene glycol, triethylene glycol, pentaerythritol, tris(hydroxyethyl) isocyanurate,
N,N'-bis(hydroxyethyl)oxalamide, 3-thiaundecanol, 3-thiapentadecanol, trimethyl-
hexanediol, trimethylolpropane, 4-hydroxymethyl-1 -phospha-2,6,7-trioxabi-
cyclo[2.2.2]octane, glycerol and transesterification products based on natural
triglycerides of, for example, coconut oil, rape seed oil, sunflower oil or colza oil.
1.14. Amides of B-(3.5-di-tert-butvl-4-hvdroxyphenvnDropionic acid, e.g. N,N'-bis(3,5-
di-tert-butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionyl)hexamethylenediamine, N,N'-bis(3,5-di-tert-
butyl-4-hydroxyphenylpropionyl)trimethylenediamine, N,N'-bis(3,5-di-tert-butyl-4-
1.15. Ascorbic acid (vitamin C).
1.16. Amine-tvpe antioxidants. for example N,N'-diisopropyl-p-phenylenediamine,
N.N'-di-sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-bis(1,4-dimethylpentyl)-p-phenylene-
diamine, N,N'-bis(1 -ethyl-3-methyl-pentyl)-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-bis(1 -methyl-
heptyl)-p-phenylendiamine, N.N'-dicyclohexyi-p-phenylenediamine, N,N'-diphenyl-p-
phenylenediamine, N,N'-di-(naphth-2-yl)-p-phenylenediamine, N-isopropyl-N'-
phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N-(1,3-dimethylbutyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine,
N-(1-methylheptyl)-N'-phenyl-p-phenylenediamine, N-cyclohexyl-N'-phenyl-p-
phenylenediamine, 4-(p-toluenesulfonamido)diphenylamine, N.N'-dimethyl-N.N'-di-
sec-butyl-p-phenylenediamine, diphenylamine, N-allyldiphenylamine, 4-isopropoxy-
diphenylamine, N-phenyl-1-naphthylamine, N-(4-tert-octylphenyl)-1-naphthylamine,
N-phenyl-2-naphthylamine, octylated diphenylamine, e.g. p,p'-di-tert-octyldiphenyl-amine, 4-n-butylaminophenol, 4-butyrylamino-phenol, 4-nonanoylamino-phenol, 4-dodecanoylaminophenol, 4-octadecanoylamino-phenol, di-(4-methoxyphenyl)-amine, 2,6-di-tert-butyl-4-dimethylamino-methyl-phenol, 2,4'-diamino-diphenylmethane, 4,4'-diamino-diphenylmethane, N,N,N',N'-tetramethyl-4,4'-diamino-diphenylmethane, 1,2-di-[(2-methyl-phenyl)-amino]-ethane, 1,2-di-(phenylamino)propane, (o-tolyl)biguanide, di[4-(1',3'-dimethyl-buty)-phenyl]amine, tert-octylated N-phenyl-1-naphthylamine, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated tert-butyl/tert-octyldiphenylamines, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated nonyldiphenylamines, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated dodecyldiphenylamines, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated isopropyl/isohexyldiphenylamines, mixtures of mono- and dialkylated tert-butyldiphenylamines, 2,3-dihydro-3,3-dimethyl-4H-1,4-benzothiazine, phenothiazine, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated tert-butyl/tert-octyl-phenothiazines, a mixture of mono- and dialkylated tert-octyl-phenothiazines, N-allylphenothiazine, N.N.N'.N1-tetraphenyl-1,4-diaminobut-2-ene, N,N-bis-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl)hexamethylenediamine, bis-(2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-yl) sebacate, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-one, 2,2,6,6-tetramethylpiperidin-4-ol. Examples of further antioxidants:
Aliphatic or aromatic phosphites, esters of thiodipropionic acid or of thiodiacetic acid, or salts of dithiocarbamic or dithiophosphoric acid, 2,2,12,12-tetramethyl-5,9-dihydroxy-3,7,11-trithiatridecane and 2,2,15,15-tetramethyl-5,12-dihydroxy-3,7,10,14-tetrathiahexadecane.
Examples of metal passivators, for example for copper, are:
a) benzotriazoles and their derivatives, for example 4- or 5-alkylbenzotriazoles
(e.g. tolutriazole) and derivatives thereof, 4,5,6,7-tetrahydrobenzotriazole, 5,5'-
methylenebisbenzotriazole; Mannich bases of benzotriazole or tolutriazole, such as
1 -[di(2-ethylhexyl)aminomethyl]tolutriazole and 1 -[di(2-ethylhexyl)aminomethyl]-
benzotriazole; alkoxyalkylbenzotriazoles, such as 1-(nonyloxymethyl)-benzotriazole,
1-(1-butoxyethyl)-benzotriazole and 1-(1-cyclohexyloxybutyl)-tolutriazole.
b) 1,2,4-triazoles and derivatives thereof, for example 3-alkyl(or aryl)-1,2,4-
triazoles, Mannich bases of 1,2,4-triazoles such as 1-[di(2-ethylhexyl)aminomethyl]-
1,2,4-triazole; alkoxyalkyl-1,2,4-triazoles such as 1-(1-butoxyethyl)-1,2,4-triazole;
acylated 3-amino-1,2,4-triazoles.
c) imidazole derivatives, for example 4,4'-methylenebis(2-undecyl-5-methyl-
imidazole), bis[(N—methyl)imidazol-2-yl]carbinol octyl ether.
d) Sulfur-containing heterocyclic compounds, for example 2-mercaptobenzo-
thiazole, 2,5-dimercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazole, 2,5-dimercaptobenzothiadiazole and
derivatives thereof; 3,5-bis[di(2-ethylhexyl)aminomethyl]-1,3,4-thiadiazolin-2-one.
e) Amino compounds, for example salicylidenepropylenediamine,
salicylaminoguanidine and salts thereof.
Examples of rust inhibitors are:
a) Organic acids, their esters, metal salts, amine salts and anhydrides, for
example alkyl- and alkenylsuccinic acids and the partial esters thereof with alcohols,
diols or hydroxycarboxylic acids, partial amides of alkyl- and alkenylsuccinic acids,
4-nonylphenoxyacetic acid, alkoxy- and alkoxyethoxycarboxylic acids, such as
dodecyloxyacetic acid, dodecyloxy(ethoxy)acetic acid and the amine salts thereof,
and also N-oleoylsarcosine, sorbitan monooleate, lead naphthenate, alkenylsuccinic
anhydrides, for example dodecenylsuccinic anhydride, 2-(2-carboxyethyl)-1-dodecyl-
3-methylglycerine and its salts, especially sodium and triethanolamine salts.
b) Nitrogen-containing compounds, for example:
i. Primary, secondary or tertiary aliphatic or cycloaliphatic amines and amine
salts of organic and inorganic acids, for example oil-soluble alkylammonium
carboxylates, and also 1-[N,N-bis(2-hydroxyethyl)amino]-3-(4-nonylphenoxy)propan-
ii. Heterocyclic compounds, for example: substituted imidazolines and oxazolines,
c) Phosphorus-containing compounds, for example
Amine salts of phosphoric acid partial esters or phosphonic acid partial esters, zinc dialkyldithiophosphates.
d) Sulfur-containing compounds, for example: barium dinonylnaphthalene-
sulfonates, calcium petroleumsulfonates, aikylthio-substituted aliphatic carboxylic
acids, esters of aliphatic 2-sulfocarboxylic acids and salts thereof.
e) Glycerine derivatives, for example: glycerine monooleate, 1-(alkylphenoxy)-3-
(2-hydroxyethyl)glycerines, 1-(alkylphenoxy)-3-(2,3-dihydroxypropyl)glycerines, 2-
Examples of viscosity index improvers are: polyacrylates, polymethacrylates, vinylpyrrolidone/methacrylate copolymers, polyvinylpyrrolidones, polybutenes, olefin copolymers, styrene/acrylate copolymers, polyethers.
Examples of pour point depressants are: polymethacrylate, alkylated naphthalene derivatives.
Examples of dispersants/surfactants are: polybutenylsuccinamides or -imides, polybutenylphosphonic acid derivatives, and basic magnesium, calcium and barium sulfonates and phenolates.
Examples of antifoams are: silicone oils and Polymethocrylen Examples of solid lubricants are: Teflon or molybdenum sulfide.
Examples of wear control additives are: sulfur- and/or phosphorus- and/or halogen-containing compounds, such as sulfurized olefins and vegetable oils, zinc dialkyldithiophosphates, tritolyl phosphate, tricresyl phosphate, chlorinated paraffins, alkyl and aryl di- and trisulfides, amine salts of mono- and dialkyl phosphates, amine salts of methylphosphonic acid, diethanolaminomethyltolyltriazole, di(2-ethylhexyl)-aminomethyltolyltriazole, derivatives of 2,5-dimercapto-1,3,4-thiadiazoleI ethyl [(bisisopropyloxyphosphinothioyl)thio]propionate, triphenyl thiophosphate (triphenyl phosphorothioate), tris(alkylphenyl) phosphorothioates and mixtures thereof (for example tris(isononylphenyl) phosphorothioate), diphenylmonononylphenyl phosphorothioate, isobutylphenyl diphenyl phosphorothioate, the dodecylamine salt of 3-hydroxy-1,3-thiaphosphetan 3-oxide, trithiophosphoric acid 5,5,5-tris[isooctyl 2-acetate], derivatives of 2-mercaptobenzothiazole, such as 1-[N,N-bis(2-ethylhexyl)aminomethyl]-2-mercapto-1 H-1,3-benzothiazole, and ethoxycarbonyl 5-octyldithiocarbamate.
The compounds of the formula I and their preparation are known per se. They serve primarily as intermediates for various products and applications, as described for example in V.V. Ovchinnikov et al., Org. React (Tartu) 15(2) (1978), 194-203 (engl.) [CA 90: 120801s] and in LA. Belova et al., Zh. Obshch. Khim 51 (9) (1981) 1982-88 (Russ.) [CA 96: 103597m].
The compounds according to the invention are prepared, for example, in accordance with the following equation
(Equation Removed)
This synthesis of ß-dithiophosphorylated propionic acid by addition of dithiophosphoric acid onto acrylic or methacrylic acid is known and is described, for example, in US 5,362,419 (Ex. 1-11). Examples 1-3 below document the synthesis of some of the ß-dithiophosphorylated propionic acids used in the compositions
according to the invention. Parts and percentages are by weight unless stated otherwise.
(Formula Removed)
Example 1
7.2 g (0.1 mol) of acrylic acid are added dropwise at 80°C over the course of 20 minutes to 21.4 g (0.1 mol) of 0,O-diisopropyldithiophosphoric acid in 50 ml of toluene. Stirring is continued at 80°C for 5 h. After the solvent has been stripped off on a rotary evaporator the residue is fractionated by column chromatography on silica gel to give 11.8 g of a yellow, liquid main product (41 % of theory).
Analysis: 37.99 % C (calculated 37.75) 6.76 % H (calculated 6.69)
22.17 % S (calculated 22.39) 10.80 % P (calculated 10.82); 31P-NMR (relative to H3PO4): 91.84 ppm.

(Formula Removed)
Example 2
81.4 g (1.1 mol) of acrylic acid are added dropwise at 70°C over the course of 1 h to 252.4 g (0.1 mol) of O,O-diisobutyldithiophosphoric acid, and stirring is continued at 70°C for 4 h. The crude product is dissolved in 500 ml of 2N sodium hydroxide and washed with twice 300 ml of petroleum spirit (boiling range 80 -110°C). The solution is then acidified to a pH of 1 using concentrated hydrochloric acid and subjected to extraction with about 150 ml of petroleum spirit. The organic phase is washed with water and concentrated on a rotary evaporator to give 287.6 g of clear, pale yellow oil of medium viscosity (91 % of theory).
Analysis: 42.02 % C (calculated 42.62) 7.29 % H (calculated 7.37), 20.29 % S (calculated 20.40) 10.2 % P (calculated 9.85); n20D: 1.5006;
H-NMR (in CDCI3 solution, relative to tetramethylsilane):
1.02 ppm (d, 12H), 2.05 ppm (hept, 2H), 2.86 ppm (t, 2H), 3.17 ppm (d xt, 2H), 3.89 ppm (d x hept, 4H).
(Formula Removed)
Example 3
7.21 g (1.1 mol) of acrylic acid are added dropwise at 75°C over the course of 15 minutes to 35.5 g (0.1 mol) of O,O-di(2-ethylhexyl)dithiophosphoric acid in 50 ml of toluene. Stirring is continued at 75°C for 5 h. The mixture is worked up as in Example 1 to give 21.8 g of yellowish oil (51 % of theory).
Analysis: 53.86 % C (calculated 53.62) 9.23 % H (calculated 9.0), 15.77 % S (calculated 15.07) 7.3 % P (calculated 7.26)
The advantages of the compositions lie in the antiwear properties and, in particular, in the very good load-bearing properties, especially for hydraulic and transmission fluids, with relatively small amounts of ß-dithiophosphorylated propionic acids surprisingly being sufficient. As a result it is possible to minimize any negative side effects such as corrosiveness for copper and incompatibility with any calcium compounds present (precipitation reactions). Moreover, an additional corrosion protection potential is provided.
Hydraulic fluids and transmission fluids are required to have both very good antiwear (AW) properties and a very good extreme-pressure (EP) load-bearing capacity.
Using known, metal-free phosphorous/sulfur additives [W.J. Bartz et al., "Additive fur Schmierstoffe" (1994), p. 88-116] it is relatively simple to achieve good antiwear properties. However, it is not very easy to ensure an excellent load-bearing capacity, especially for transmissions. The FZG gear wheel test described below is used as a model system for transmission fluids and gives information on the load-bearing capacity (see Example 4 below).
Excellent values in the FZG test (load stage at failure > 12) are difficult to achieve with the customary antiwear additives at low concentrations (less than 0.2 %). Surprisingly, however, relatively low concentrations of compounds of the formula I
(just 0.005 - 0.05 %) give FZG values ranging from very good to excellent (cf. Table 1, columns eight and ten).
Example 4: The following formulations below were tested in the FZG transmission test (as described in DIN 51,354, A/8.3/90) (Table 1). This test assesses the load-bearing capacity of lubricants for use as transmission fluids. Immersed in the lubrica¬ting oil under test, defined gear wheels run at constant speed and with a fixed initial oil temperature. The load exerted by the gear wheels is raised level by level. From power level 4 onwards, after each power level the change in the flanks of the gear wheel teeth is ascertained by description and possibly by photography, roughness measurement or contrast impression. The limit load level is one level below the load level at failure, i.e. that level at which the flanks of at least two gear wheels show clear damage (cracks or the like).

(Table Removed)

Basic formulation: Irganox™ L 1356: 0.3%; Irganox™ L 577: 0.1 %; Hitec™ 536°: 0.07%;
Irgamet™ 399: 0.04 %.
oil: ISO VG 46 ex Texaco; 2 AW 1: Irgalube™ TPPT (triphenyl thionophosphates) 3AW 2: Irgalube 63 {ethyl 3-[(bisisopropyloxyphosphinothioyl)thio]propionate} 4AW 3: liquid mixture of tri[(alk)aryl] thionophosphates, consisting essentially of tri(nonylphenyl) thionophosphate (as described in EP 368 803 beschrieben); 5AW 4: bis(O,O-dialkyl dithiophosphate)

(Formula Removed)

7Mixture of diphenylamine comounds, obtainable commercially as Irganox L-57, cf. US-5,073,278, col. 2, line 50
8Hitec™ 536, H23Ci2-CH(COOH)-CH2-CO-NH-CH2-CH2- N

1. A composition comprising
A) A lubricant or fuel, or a metalworking fluid or a hydraulic fluid;
B) 0.005 to 0.01% by weight of at least one compound of the formula

(Figure Removed)
in which R1 and R2 independently of one another are C3-C18alkyl, C5-C12cycloalkyl, C5-C6cycloalkylmethyl, C9-C10bicycloalkylmethyl, C9-C10tricycloalkylmethyl, phenyl of C7-C24alkylphenyl or together are (CH3)2C(CH2) 2, and
C) other conventional oil additives in the range from 0.01 to 10% by weight, selected from the group consisting of antioxidants, metal passivators, rust inhibitors, dispersants, detergents, antifoams, solid lubricants, viscosity index improvers, pour point depressants and antiwear additives in the range of about 0.01 to 10% by weight.
2. A composition as claimed in claim 1, for improving the service properties
of lubricants, hydraulic fluids, metal working fluids or transmission oils.
3. A composition substantially as hereinbefore described with reference to
the foregoing examples.




1646-deL-1997-Correspondence Others-(03-06-2011).pdf



1646-del-1997-description (complete).pdf













Patent Number 215031
Indian Patent Application Number 1646/DEL/1997
PG Journal Number 10/2008
Publication Date 07-Mar-2008
Grant Date 20-Feb-2008
Date of Filing 19-Jun-1997
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
PCT International Classification Number C10M 137/10
PCT International Application Number N/A
PCT International Filing date
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 NA