|Title of Invention||
PEPTIDES FOR TREATMENT OF THE HUMAN PAPILLOMAVIRUS (HPV)-ASSOCIATED CANCER AND OTHER EPITHELIAL TUMORS
|Abstract||ABSTRACT This invention is related to the Molecular Pharmacology field and especially to the development of peptides useful for treating epithelial tumors and mainly those associated to oncogenic types of HPVs. The main objective of this invention is to identify peptides whose structure permits to block the Casein Kinase II (CKII) phosphorylation domain by direct interaction with such a site. In the present invention it is shown eleven cyclic peptides with different aminoacid sequences which inhibit the CKII phosphorylation in vitro, exhibit cytotoxicity on HPV-16 transformed cells (CaSki) and also increase the sensitivity of these cells to the cytostatic effect of interferon (IFN). Furthermore, the invention relates to the use of these peptides conjugated or fused to other peptides and chemical compounds which penetrates into cells as well as with the use of both peptide and chemical mimetic molecules.|
|Full Text||FORM-2 THE PATENTS ACT, 1970
(39 of 1970) COMPLETE SPECIFICATION
(See section 10; rule 13)
1. " Peptides for treatment of the human Papillomavirus (HPV)-associated cancer and other Epithelial tumors."
2. (a) CENTRO DE INGENIERIA GENETICA Y BIOTECNOLOGIA.
(b) Ave 31 entre 158 y 190, Cubanacan, Playa, Ciudad de la Habana 10600 Cuba.
The following specification particularly describes the nature of the invention
and the manner in which it is to be performed.
This invention is related to the Molecular Pharmacology field and especially to the development of peptides useful for treating HPV-associated epithelial tumors as it permits the blocking of the Casein Kinase II (CKII) phosphorylation domain by direct interaction with such a site. The CKII is a threonine/Serine enzyme involved in the cellular proliferation and its intracellular localization is mainly into nucleus during malignant transformation process (Tawfic S, Yu S, Wang H, Faust R, Davis A, Ahmed K, 2001, Histol. Histopathol. 16:573-582).
Based on the findings reporting CKII high levels in different epithelial solid tumors, it has been assumed that phosphorylation elicited by this enzyme is an important event in malignant transformation and a tumor progression marker (Seldin DC, Leder P, 1995, Science 267:894-897) (Faust RA, Gapany M, Tristani P, Davis A, Adams GL, Ahmed K, ?996, Cancer Letters 101:31-35). On the other hand, the CKII over expression in transgenic mice leads to the tumorigenesis in the mammary glands by increasing the Wnt/beta-catenine signal transduction pathways on these mammary epithelial cells (Landesman-Bollag E, Romien-Mourez R, Song DH, Sonenshein GE, Cardiff RD, Seldin DC, 2001, Oncogene 20:3247-3257).
Among epithelial tumors, those originated by HPVs represent a great fraction. For instant, most of the genitourinary tumors are associated to these oncoviruses and the presence of HPV DNA sequences has been demonstrated in 99.7 % of the tumors coming from squamous cervical cells (Walboormers JM, Jacobs MV, Manps MM, Bosch FX, Kummer JA, Shah KV, Snijders PJ, Peto J, Meijer CJ, Munoz N, 1999, J. Pathol 189:12-19). Likewise, the WHO has reported about 500 000 cervical cancer patients annually worldwide (Parkin DM, Laara E, Muir CS, 1980, Int. J. Cancer 41:184-1972). In Cuba, 370 women with cervical cancer die annually due to this disease (Organizacion Panamericana de la Salud,1999, Basic Country Health Profiles for the Americas. Cuba, 206-219)
HPVs are classified in oncogenic and not oncogenic according to whether the lesions progress toward malignancy or not (Lorincz AT, Temple GF, Kurman
RJ, Jenson AB, Lancaster WD, 1987, J. Natl. Cancer Inst. 79:671-677). HPV-16 and -18 are associated to intraepitelial neoplasia that generally progress toward malignancy and also both HPV types are associated to more than 90% of the displasi'as and cervical carcinomas (Fujinaga Y, Shimada M, Okasawa K, Fukushima M, Kato I, Fujinaga K, 1991 J. Gen. Virol 72:1039-1044). As no therapeutic or prophylactic vaccine is still available for eradication of HPV-associated tumors, the employment of inhibitors targeting viral transcription and viral oncoproteins, become more attractive. Biomodulators like IFNs have been used with some efficacy in certain HPV-associated diseases like condyloma, plantar warts, and respiratory papillomatosis (Koromilas AE, Li S, Matlashewski G, 2001. Cytokine & Growth Factor Reviews 12:157-170). In previous experiments on HPV-transformed cells (HeLa), we have demonstrated that continuous exposition with IFN alpha produces a reversion of the malignant phenotype of these cells with the concomitant inhibition of the HPV mRNA expression (Lopez-Ocejo O, Perea SE, Reyes A, Vigoa L, Lopez-Saura P, 1993. J. IFN Res 13:369-375). In the same cellular model, we found that IFN alpha modulates the HPV mRNA through the repression of endogenous viral transcription (Perea SE, Lopez-Ocejo O, Garcia-Milian R, Arana MJ, 1995, J. IFN & Cytokine Res 15:495-501). In agreement with the results obtained in cell lines, we observed that IFN alpha treatment modulated the mRNA expression in a pilot study in cervical cancer patients (Garcia-Milian R, Rios MA, Diaz D, Silveira M, Guilar O, Amigo M, Arana MJ, Perea SE, 1996, J. IFN and Cytokine Res 16:709-713). In spite of the promissory findings about the use of IFN as regulator of the HPV mRNA expression, mounting data indicate a variable IFN response and the resistance phenomenon toward this cytokine has been reported between the 40 and 50 % of the patients during clinical trials (Arany I, Tyring SK, Stanley MA, Tomai MA, Miller RL, Smith MH, McDermott, DJ, Slade HB, 1999, Antiviral Res 43:55-63). Some molecular and clinical evidences indicate that E7 oncoprotein plays a central role on the IFN-resistance phenomenon. For example, it has been reported that E7 binds to the IFN-induced
transcription factor (p48) thus affecting the I FN response by blocking the transcriptional activation (Barnard P and McMillan NAJ, 1999, Virology 259:305-313). Furthermore, the alteration of the IFN regulatory factor (IRF-1) in the presence of E7 has been also reported (Park JS, Kim EJ, Kwon HJ, Hwang ES, Namkoong SE, Urn SJ, 2000, J Biol Chem 275:6764-6769) (Perea SE, Massimi P, Banks L, 2000, J Mol Med 5:661-666 ). In clinical trials, the IFN response has been regarded to be depending on the E7 expression in the HPV-containing lesions (Frazer IH, McMillan NAJ, 1997, Papillomatosis and condyloma acuminate. Clinical Applications of the Interferons (R Stuart Harris and RD Penny, eds) Pp 79-90. Chapman and Hall Medical, London). The E7 oncoprotein plays an essential role on the malignant transformation elicited by these oncogenic viruses. Thus, it has been demonstrated that E7-induced immortalization of primary cells leads to mutations and chromosomal aberrations since the beginning of the immortalization process (Mougin C, Humbey O, Gay C, Riethmuller D, 2000, J. Gynecol Obstet. Biol. Reprod 29:13-20). On the other hand, we have demonstrated that stable transfection with the E7 gene leads to the development of a IFN-resistant phenotype on sensitive tumor cells (Moro A, Calixto A, Suarez E, Arana MJ, Perea SE, 1998, Bioch Bioph Res Comm 245:752-756). Likewise, it has been reported that E7 oncoprotein binds and blocks the function of tumor suppressor genes like the Retinoblastoma (Rb) and the Insulin-like Growth Factor Binding Protein-3" (IGFBP-3) through the Cys 24 and the C-terminal domain respectively (Nevins JR, 1992, Science 258:424-429) (Zwerschke W and Jansen-Durr P, 2000, Advances in Cancer Res 78:1-29). Similarly, the Ser 31/Ser 32 doublets in E7 protein have shown to be substrate for the CKII enzyme (Hashida T, Yasumoto S, 1990, Biochem. Biophys Res. Comm 172:958-964) and this domain is essential for both the transformant capacity of this oncoprotein (Barbosa MS, Edmonds C, Fisher C, Schiller JT, Lowy DR, Vousden K, 1990, EMBO J 9:153-160) (Chien W-M, Parker JN, Schmidt-Grimminger D-C, Broker TR, Chow LT, 2000, Cell Growth & Differentiation
11:425-435) and the inhibition of the IFN signaling cascade (Perea SE, L6pez-Ocejo 0, Garcia Milian R, Banks L, Arana MJ, 1996, Eur. Cytokine Net 7:503). Based on the role of the CKII phosphorylation site in the HPV-resistance to IFN and cancer development, the designing of drugs blocking such a domain could become as useful tools for cancer therapy. Molecules inhibiting the CKII phosphorylation site either on E7 or in other cell substrates have not been described so far.
Concerning the E7 oncoprotein, only peptides blocking the Rb binding site (Cys 24) (Webster KR, Koleman KG, 1997, US5625031)(Oliff Al, Riemen MW, EP 0412762 A2 910213) and other C-terminal regions (39-98) have been described (Pidder J-D, Zwerschke W, 2000, EP0969013). Some vaccine candidates focused to develop HPV E7-specific CTL response have been so far described in clinical or pre-clinical trials (Chen C, Wang CC, Hung C, Pardoll DM, Wu T, 2000, Vaccine 18:2015-2022) (Chen CH, Ji H, Suh KW, Choti MA, Pardoll DM, Wu TC, 1999, Gene Ther 12:1972-1981). However, the approaches focused to the CTL response face different obstacles related to the HPV biology. For instant, HPV oncogenic types down-regulate the MHC class I antigens which are essential for the CTL response (Connor ME, Stern PL, 1990, Int J Cancer 46:1029-1034). Furthermore, E7 expression has been associated with local immunosupression at the tumor environment and this could also affect the appropriated development of the CTL response (Le Buanec H, D'Anna R, Lachgar A, Zagury JF, Bernard J, Ittlele D, d'Alessio P, Hallez S, Giannouli C, Burny A, Bizzini B, Gallo RC, Zagury D, 1999, Biomed Pharmacother 53:424-431) (Lee SJ, Cho YS, Shim JH, Lee KA, Ko KK, Choe YK, Park SN, Hoshino T, Kim S, Dinarello CA, Yoon DY, 2001, J Immunol 167:497-504). According to the above elements, it seems that combining CTL vaccines and pharmaceuticals targeting E7, could be of great perspectives.
Likewise, the approach of preventive HPV-vaccines faces a high benefit and cost risk due to different biological and social aspects including: 1) Long latency period after the HPV primary infection, 2) poor understanding of the
HPV infection mechanism, 3) no animal model for the appropriated HPV
propagation, 4) specie specificity and 5) the evaluation of the social impact of
a preventive HPV vaccine could take quite long. Therefore, the using of
pharmaceuticals specifically targeting viral oncoproteins could provide
advantages over those approaches focused to the manipulation of the
ESSENCE OF THE INVENTION
The essence and novelty of this invention lies on the description for the first
time of cyclic peptides allowing the direct inhibition of the CKII phosphorylation
site as well as the cytotoxicity produced in vivo on HPV-16 cervical carcinoma
cells. Furthermore, these peptides increase the sensitivity of the cells to the
cytostatic effect of I FN.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION:
The invention is mainly referred to peptides able to bind the CKII
phosphorylation site which exhibits the following sequences:
(a) CSVRQGPVQKC(ld. Sec. No. 1
(b) CSSCQNSPALC (Id. Sec. No. 2 )
(c) CQIPQRTATRC (Id. Sec. No. 3)
(d) CAKQRTDPGYC (Id. Sec. No. 4)
(e) CWMSPRHLGTC ; (Id. Sec. No. 5)
(f) CRNCTVIQFSC (Id. Sec. No. 6)
(g) CHYIAGTVQGC (Id. Sec. No. 7) (h) CPLVSLRDHSC (Id. Sec. No. 8)
(i) CKQSYLHHLLC (Id. Sec. No. 9)
(j) CFQPLTPLCRC (Id. Sec. No. 10)
(k) CQSYHELLLQC (Id, Sec. No. 11) The invention also includes any homologue variant or mimetic from the peptides mentioned, that has been obtained by synthesis or recombinant way, as well as any fusion peptide containing the peptides described in the list. Any peptide, whose structure permits to block the CKII phosphorylation site in their
respective substrates, is assumed as homologue variant. Likewise, any
chemical molecule (no peptidic) whose structure permits to block such a
phosphorylation site, is assumed as a mimetic variant.
Other object of the invention is the pharmaceutical composition which
comprises one or more of the peptides described in the invention as well as
an appropriated carrier.
Likewise, the invention comprises the use of the mentioned peptides alone or
combined with any other appropriated molecule as cytokines and interferons
to: 1) inhibit the proliferation of tumor cells, 2) treating both HPV-associated
and not associated cancer and 3) treating HPV-associated lesions at the pre-
Furthermore, the peptides of the invention could be employed for treating
HPV-infected patients resistant toward interferon treatment.
In other respect of the invention, it comprises one expression vector for
mammalian cells containing a DNA sequence which codes for any of the
peptides above referred.
The peptides of the invention have a cyclic structure and they are mainly
characterized by the ability to bind the CKII phosphorylation site and abrogate
such biochemical event. The peptides are described on the list enclosed. On
the other hand, the in vivo effects produced by the peptides on HPV-16
transformed cells are also shown.
The peptides described were defined by their ability of both inhibiting the
phsphorylation of the sequence RRREEETEEE previously reported as the
optimal consensus domain for the CKII phosphorylation (Promega Cat:V5661)
and the phosphorylation site contained in the region 28-38 of the HPV-16 E7
To define the peptides described in the invention, one 11-aminoacid cyclic
peptide library was constructed and expressed on the P8 region from
filamentous phages. The screening of the library was performed using the
synthetic 28-38 region of E7 as target, which was also conjugated to biotin for
fixing it to a solid surface. Selection of those phages bound to the 28-38
region of E7 was carried out by immunodetection using an specific antibody against the P8 region in the phage. Finally, DNA corresponding to the eleven phages with high capacity of binding to the 28-38 region of E7, was sequenced and the respective peptides were chemically synthesized by the solid phase method. The synthetic peptides were further purified by HPLC, analyzed by mass spectrometry and finally evaluated respecting the in vitro and in vivo efficacy.
According to this invention, in spite of the different aminoacid sequences among the cyclic peptides described here, they equally inhibit the CKII phosphorylation event. This fact denotes that the interaction of these peptides with the CKII phosphorylation site is mainly based on their structure rather than the sequence itself.
In this invention, it is also demonstrated that lineal peptides exhibit a lower capacity of inhibiting the CKII phosphorylation site. This finding reinforces the importance of structure in the binding capacity of these peptides to such a domain. Also, this finding suggests the efficacy of other mimetic molecules, which bind to the CKII phosphorylation site.
In order to achieve the intracellular action on the CKII endogenous substrates, the described peptides can be chemically conjugated or genetically fused to the cell penetrating peptides belonging to proteins like the Human Immunodeficiency Virus (HIV-1) Tat 1(Schwarze SR, Dowdy SF, 2000,. Trends Pharmacol 21:45-48) , the transcription factor coded by the Drosophyla Antenapedia gene (Derossi D, et al, 1996, J. Biol Chem 271:18188-18193), the Herpes Simplex Virus (HSV) VP22 protein (Lindgreen M, et al., 2000, Trends Pharmacol Sci 21:99-103), the penetratin and transportan (Gariepy J, Kawamura K, 2001, Trends Biotech 19:21-28 ) among others. To test the in vivo hypothesis in this invention, the cyclic peptides were synthesized fused to the cell penetrating peptide reported for the HIV-1 Tat 1 protein (GRKKRRQRRRPPQC) and one nuclear localization signal belonging to the SV 40 T large antigen (KKKRKVE).
Data shown in this invention clearly indicate that cyclic peptides exhibit cytotoxicity in a dose-dependent manner on cervical carcinoma cells transformed by HPV-16 (CaSki). These results' suggest the employment of these peptides as a therapeutical tool for treating tumors from the same hystologic origin as well as from premalignant stages like the cervical intraepithelial neoplasia. Likewise, the in vivo experimental data showed that cyclic peptides were more effective than their respective lineal form thus reinforcing the importance of structure on the effect itself. Likewise, the cyclic peptides described in this invention are effective on Hela cells containing the HPV-18 as well as on H-82 cells derived from Non-Small Lung cell cancer negative for HPV These results correlate to those obtained in vitro in this invention where peptides block nor only the CKII phosphorylation site on the HPV-16 E7 but also they block it in other proteins containing such a site. The fact that the peptides described here are effective on HPV-negative tumor cells provides an argument for its potential employment in other epithelial tumors.
Other results in this invention indicate that treatment of CaSKi cells with the cyclic peptides described here increases the cell sensitivity to the cytostatic effect of I FN alpha. Considering previous evidences showing that the CKII phosphorylation site on the HPV-16 E7 is required for blocking the IFN signaling cascade (Perea SE, L6pez-Ocejo O, Garcia Milian R, Banks L, Araha MJ, 1996, Eur. Cytokine Net 7:503), the peptides described here can be useful in bypassing the common IFN-resistance observed on HPV infection.
The object of this invention can be also related to the DNA coding for each peptide described here. This DNA could be introduced in a mammalian expression vector and further transfected into both HPV-16-transformed and -no transformed cells. The vector containing the oligonucleotide that codes for each peptide can be also used as an alternative for the gene therapy in HPV-associated cancer.
In principle, the peptides described here can be used in HPV-associated diseases along with other agents as well as with therapeutic vaccines based cellular response against HPV. This invention is illustrated by the following examples: Example 1: Effect of the peptides on the CKII phosphorylation site: This assay is based on an in vitro phosphorylation reaction using the substrate sequence RRREEETEEE which represents the optimized consensus domain for the CKII phosphorylation. The reaction is performed in 50 μl of Tris:HCL 25 μM pH 7.5, 1 μCi 32P- γATP, 100μM ATP, 2 mg/ml of the substrate peptide, 0.2 M NaCI, 10 mM MgC! and 1 unit of the CKII enzyme (Promega). Reaction is incubated at 370C during 10 minutes. Afterward, 5 μl of reaction were spotted onto PE-81 chromatography paper (Whatmann) and four washes with 10 mM H3P04 were made. Finally, the radioactivity associated to the filters was measured and the cpm levels show the CKII enzymatic activity in each sample. Simultaneously, an specific CKII inhibitor like heparin is included in the assay as an internal control. Data show in the Figure 1 demonstrated that cyclic peptides inhibit the CKII phosphorylation by 80%. Also, lineal peptides inhibit the CKII phosphorylation of the 28-38 region on E7 although to a lesser extent compared with cyclic form. These evidences indicate that the peptides described here inhibit the CKII phosphorylation site and suggest that structure plays an essential role on their interaction with the target sequences.
Example 2: Effect of the peptides on the HPV-16 E7 phosphorylation: This assay is based on the in vitro phosphorylation reaction of the HPV-16 E7 oncoprotein expressed in E. Coli as a fusion protein to the Glutathione S Transferase (GST). Before enzymatic reaction, the E7-GST fusion protein was purified by affinity chromatography using Glutathione Sepharose beads (Pharmacia). The mixture reaction is performed in 50 μl de buffer Tris:HCL 25 μM pH 7.5, 1 μCi de 32P-γATP, 100μM ATP, 40 μl of the beads containing E7-GST, 0.2 M NaCI , 10 mM MgCI and 1 unit of CKII (Promega). The reaction is incubated at 37°C during 40 min. Afterward, the beads are washed
away three times with 0.5 ml of the buffer and finally the phosphorylation level of the E7-GST is analyzed by 10% SDS-PAGE electrophoresis. The visualization of the phosphorylated proteins was performed by developing X-Rays films previously exposed to the dried gels. The quantification of the E7 phosphorylation was made by densitometry. Data in Figure 2 indicate that the peptides described here are equally effective in terms of the inhibition of the CKII phosphorylation site on the HPV-16 E7.
Example 3: Effect of the peptides on the proliferation of HPV-16 and HPV-18-transformed cells (CaSki and HeLa respectively): In this assay, CaSki or HeLa cells were seeded at 2 x 104 cells/ml in 96-well plates (Costar) using DMEM supplied with 10% of Fetal Calf Serum (FCS) (Gibco). After 24 hours, peptides were added to the culture medium at doses comprising a range between 15 μM and 500 μM. The incubation was performed during 96 hours in 5%C02 and finally 20 μl of a MTS solution (1.90 mg/ml) Promega were added to each well. Plates were subsequently maintained one hour at the same incubation conditions and the absorbance at 490 nm was finally analyzed. Results are expressed as percent of growth respect the control without peptides. For this purpose, both cyclic and lineal peptides were chemically synthesized fused to the HIV-1 Tat-1 cell penetrating peptide which is able to penetrate into cytoplasm and nucleus (Schwarze SR, Dowdy SF, 2000,. Trends Pharmacol 21:45-48). Data obtained from this experiment demonstrated that peptides described here produce a dose-dependent effect both on CaSki (HPV-16) and HeLa (HPV-18) cells (Figures 3 A and 3 B). This example shows that peptides from this invention are effective nor only for HPV-16 but also for HPV-18. Example 4: Effect of the peptides on the proliferation of HPV-neaative tumor cells: In this assay, H-82 cells (Small Lung Cells Cancer) were seeded at 2 x 104 cells/ml in 96-well plates (Costar) using DMEM supplied with 10% of Fetal Calf Serum (FCS) (Gibco). After 24 hours, peptides were added to the culture medium at doses comprising a range between 15 μM and 500 JΜM. The incubation was performed during 96 hours in 5%C02 and finally 20 μl of a
MTS solution (1.90 mg/ml) Promega were added to each well. Plates were subsequently maintained one hour at the same incubation conditions and the absorbance at 490 nm was finally analyzed. Results are expressed as percent of growth respect the control without peptides. For this assay, the cyclic peptides described in the invention fused to the HIV-1 Tat-1 cell penetrating peptide were employed as referred above. Results obtained from this experiments demonstrated that peptides from this invention produce a dose-dependent effect on the cell proliferation of H-82 cells. In Figure 4 it is demonstrated that peptides from the invention are effective nor only for HPV-transformed cells but also for tumor cells from other localization and histological types like Small Lung Cell Cancer.
Example 5: Effect of the peptides on the HPV-16 response toward IFN treatment in CaSki cells: In this assay, CaSki cells were seeded at 2 x 104 cells/ml in 96-well plates (Costar) using DMEM supplemented with 10% FCS (Gibco). After 24 hours, 120 μM of each peptide were added to the culture medium. Twenty four hours later, alpha IFN was added in range between 1000 and 31.5 U/ml. The incubation was performed during 96 hours in 5% C02 and 20 μl of MTS 1.90 mg/ml were added afterward. Furthermore, plates were maintained one hour at the same conditions and the absorbance at 490 nm was finally read. Data are shown as percent of growth respect to the control. In these experiments, the peptides described in the invention were used in their cyclic variant fused to the cell penetrating peptide belonging the HIV Tat-1 protein as mentioned above. Results observed in the Figure 5 demonstrate that previous incubation of CaSki cells with the peptides described in the invention makes these cells sensitive to the antiproliferative effect of alpha IFN. These data suggest the utility of the peptides described in the invention for treating HPV-infected patients who are refractory to the IFN therapy.
Example 6: Antitumor effect of the CKH phosphorylation inhibitory peptide in human tumors implanted in nude mice models: For these experiments, 6-8 week old female BalbC nude mice were used. The tumor
implantation was performed using H-125 cells (Non-Small Lung Cell Cancer) that were resuspended in saline solution (PBS) at 1000 000 cells/ml. Cell suspension was inoculated subcutaneously in the abdomen. Peptide administration (sequence 1 oh the list) was made together with the cells and continued every other day until pompleting one month of treatment. In this assay, doses ranging between 1 and 10 mg/Kg of weight were evaluated. To examine the antitumor effect, parameters like tumor mass and survival of the animals were evaluated. As observed in Figure 6, the three peptide doses were effective in terms of the inhibition of tumor progression. These data show the antitumor efficacy of the CKII phosphorylation inhibitory peptide in a model of human tumor implanted in experimental animals. Advantages of the invention:
1. Provides pharmaceuticals of wide application spectrum which are nor only useful in HPV-associated diseases but also in solid tumors with high levels of CKII endogenous activity.
2. The fact that the 28-38 region is conserved among HPVs, it provides the possibility of using this pharmaceutical in diseases associated to different HPV types.
3. Peptides as therapeutical molecules exhibit low antigenicity when administered to human beings.
4. Is a pharmaceutical of easy manufacturing and low cost.
Brief Description of Figures:
Figure 1: Effect of peptides on the CKII phosphorylation
Figure 2: Effect of peptides on the HPVE7 CKII phosphorylation
Figure 3 A: Effect of peptides on the proliferation of CaSki cells
Figure 3 B: Effect of peptides on the proliferation of HeLa cells
Figure 4: Effect of peptides on the proliferation of Lung tumor cells
Figure 5: Effect of peptides on the response of HPV-16 transformed cells
toward I FN action
Figure 6: Antitumor effect of the CKII phosphorylation inhibitory peptide in
human tumors implanted in nude mice
Peptides that bind and inhibit the Casein Kinase II (CKII)
phosphorylation site which comprises the following sequences:
a. CSVRQGPVQKC; (Sequence ID No. 1)
b. CSSCQNSPALC; (Sequence ID No. 2)
c. CQIPQRTATRC; (Sequence ID No. 3)
d. CAKQRTDPGYC; (Sequence ID No. 4)
e. CWMSPRHLGTC; (Sequence ID No. 5)
f. CRNCTVIQFSC; (Sequence ID No. 6)
g. CHYIAGTVQGC; (Sequence ID No. 7)
h. CPLVSLRDHSC; (Sequence ID No. 8)
i. CKQSYLHHLLC; (Sequence ID No. 9)
j. CFQPLTPLCRC; (Sequence ID No. 10)
k. CQSYHELLLQS; (Sequence ID No. 11)
as well as any homologue or mimetic variant (synthetic or recombinant) of these peptides.
Peptides as claimed in the claim 1, which present a cyclic structure.
Peptides as claimed in the claims 1 and 2, which are contained in a fusion polypeptide
A mammalian expression vector containing the DNA sequences that code for any of the peptides of sequence ID No. 1 to 11 as claimed in claim 1-3. Dated this 23rd Day of April 2004.
Dr. Rajeshkumar H. Acharya
Advocate & Patent Agent
For and on Behalf of Applicant
|Indian Patent Application Number||00248/MUMNP/2004|
|PG Journal Number||51/2008|
|Date of Filing||27-Apr-2004|
|Name of Patentee||CENTRO DE INGENIERIA GENETICA Y BIOTECHNOLOGIA|
|Applicant Address||AVE 31 ENTRE 158 Y 190, CUBANACAN, PLAYA, CIUDAD DE LA HABANA-10600.|
|PCT International Classification Number||C07K7/64,A61K38/08|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/CU02/00010|
|PCT International Filing date||2002-12-04|