|Title of Invention
A DAMPER INSERT FOR A TABULAR CYLINDER HAVING AN INNER SURFACE
|An insert damper for assembly in a tubular drive shaft of a motor vehicle includes a tubular sleeve, a helically wound, resiliently deformable wiper secured to the sleeve, and a corrugated winding secured to the sleeve. The wiper includes an arcuate bead in the form of an arch that spans mutually spaced supports. The insert damper is sized to fit in the bore of the drive shaft such that the bead frictionally engages the surface of the bore and secures the insert in place within the shaft with a resilient press fit. The bead projects radially outward toward the bore beyond the radially outer surface of the winding.
DRIVE SHAFT HAVING AN INSERT DAMPER
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION The invention relates to a drive shaft assembly for transmitting power in a motor vehicle. In particular, the invention relates to a damper insert located in a tubular drive shaft to attenuate vibration and noise.
Drive train systems are widely used for transmitting power from a rotating source to a rotatably driven mechanism. For example, in motor vehicles, an engine/transmission assembly generates rotational power, which is transmitted from an output shaft of the engine/transmission assembly through a driveshaft assembly to an input shaft of an axle assembly that drives the wheels of the vehicle. To accomplish this, a typical driveshaft assembly includes a hollow cylindrical driveshaft tube having a pair of end fittings, such as a pair of tube yokes, secured to the front and rear ends of the tube. The front-end fitting forms a portion of a front universal joint that connects the output shaft of the engine/transmission assembly to the front end of the driveshaft tube. Similarly, the rear end fitting forms a portion of a rear universal joint that connects the rear end of the driveshaft tube to the input shaft of the axle assembly. The front and rear universal joints provide a rotational driving connection from the output shaft of the engine/transmission assembly through the driveshaft tube to the input shaft of the axle assembly.
It is common for a drive shaft assembly to be subjected to vibration from multiple sources while in service. It is desirable to damp such vibrations to reduce noise and vibration in the vehicle. Any mechanical body has a natural resonant frequency, which is an inherent characteristic of the body, its composition, size, and shape. The resonant frequency is comprises many sub-frequencies, often referred to as harmonics. As the rotational speed of a hollow article changes, it may pass through the harmonic components of its resonant frequency. When the rotational velocity of
the article passes through these harmonic frequencies, vibration and noise may be amplified because the two frequencies are synchronized, and the rotational energy of the article is undesirably converted into vibration and noise.
A variety of techniques and devices are known for damping the undesirable noise that can be produced by hollow articles during rotation. For example, in a drive shaft assembly, a cylindrical cardboard insert is disposed within a tubular drive shaft to dampen the noise generated during use. In many instances, the outer surface of the cardboard insert is provided with a solid bead of an elastomeric material that extends helically along the length of the tube. The solid helical bead is provided to engage the inner surface of the tube with an elastically developed force to prevent the damper insert from moving relative to the tube in service. As the tube transmits power, it can experience changes in its shape because of torsional and flexural loads. It has been found that engagement of the solid helical bead with the inner surface of the tube causes the insert to change its shape with the hollow article. As a result of this change of shape, the resonant frequency of the cardboard insert changes also, resulting in an undesirable reduction in its ability to dampen noise and vibration.
In addition the preload force developed in the solid elastic due to contact with the inner surface of the tube compress the bead and impairs its ability to deform elastically with the tube. Changes in humidity cause expansion and contraction of the paper insert, which affects the radial space between the damper insert and the inner surface of the tube. The tube itself has variations in its wall thickness and variations in its circularity. These also influence the size of the radial space between the damper insert and the inner surface of the tube.
Although such insert dampers have performed reasonably well in absorbing drive shaft vibrations, they have a tendency to creep relative to the drive shaft due to the repetitive application and release of torsional and flexural displacement. Changes in temperature and humidity cause variations in the ability of the insert to resist vibration-induced deformation of the drive shaft cross section.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
To address these deficiencies, the solid bead of the elastomenc wiper is replaced by an arcuate bead or arch of elastomer having a convex outer surface. The bead includes a base portion that is secured to the cardboard insert and a flexible arch portion that engages the inner surface of a tubular shaft. The base portion and the arch portion define a hollow interior portion. If desired, an outwardly extending nib can be formed in the flexible arch portion of the helical bead. When the tube experiences changes in its physical shape in service, the material in the relatively flexible arch portion of the helical bead deflects elastically to prevent the shape of the cardboard insert from changing. Consequently, the noise and vibration dampening characteristics of the cardboard insert remain essentially unchanged.
A noise and vibration damper insert according to this invention is intended for use with a tubular cylinder having an inner surface. The damper includes a tube having an outer surface sized to fit within the cylinder. A wiper is wound in a helical path on the outer surface, providing spaces on the outer surface between successive passes of the helical path. The wiper including a base secured to the tube, mutually spaced supports extending radially outward from the base, and an arch formed of an elastically deformable material, spanning an opening between the supports and projecting radially outward from the outer surface. A corrugated winding, located in the spaces on the outer surface, is formed with undulating crests and valleys, the crests having a radial height extending from the outer surface such that the arch extends radially beyond the height of the crests and into loaded contact with the inner surface of the cylinder. This preloaded contact deforms the arch and secures the damper insert to the cylinder.
Various objects and advantages of this invention will become apparent to those skilled in the art from the following detailed description of the preferred embodiment, when read in light of the accompanying drawings.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS FIG. 1 is a view of a drive shaft tube assembly with a damper installed, the tube
shown in cross section along its longitudinal axis, the damper shown in side elevation. FIG. 2 is a side elevation view of the assembly of Figure 2; FIG. 3 is an enlarged cross section taken at plane 3-3 of FIG. 1; FIG. 4 is cross section of an alternate wiper taken at plane 3-3 of FIG. 1; FIG. 5 is an enlarged cross section taken at plane 5-5 of FIG. 1; and FIG. 6 is a cross section taken at plane 6-6 of FIG. 1 showing the corrugated
winding and tube in a horizontal plane.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
Referring now to the drawings, a drive shaft assembly 0 according to this invention includes a tubular damper insert 12 adapted for use in a cylindrical, tubular drive shaft 14, which transmits rotating power in a motor vehicle drive train between the vehicle's power source, such as an engine or electric motor, and its driven wheels. The shaft has a circular cylindrical bore 16.
The insert 12 includes a circular cylindrical tubular core 18 formed of a suitable number of plies of paperboard or other fibrous material, preferably three or four plies of BOGUS-Kraft recycled paperboard. A wiper 20, helically wound on the outer surface of the core 18, is secured to the core by a thin coating of adhesive. The wiper is wound on the core with an approximate 30-degree helix angle with respect to a transverse plane. Preferably, the wiper is an extrusion of EPDM rubber having a Shore hardness in the range 50-60, or an extrusion of an elastic substance having physical properties resembling those of rubber, such as elastomer.
The wiper 20 includes a flat base 22, a thick central region 24, and two flanges 26, 28 extending in opposite lateral directions from the region 24, when viewed as in Figures 3 and 4. The region 24 is formed with an arch or arcuate bead 30 extending along the length of the wiper, and spanning an opening 32 located between mutually spaced supports 34, 36, which extend radially outward from the thickened region 24 of
the base. Preferably, the outer contour of the bead is convex. In service, the bead 30 of the wiper flexes and deforms elastically with the tube 14 due to its preloaded contact with the tube, the elastic nature of the wiper's material, and the flexibility provided by the thin wall of the bead that spans the supports 34, 36. The ability of the bead to flex and deform with the tube more effectively dampens noise transmitted by the assembly 10 than if the wiper were a solid projection extending from the outer surface of the core 18 to the inner surface of the tube 16.
The cross section of an alternate form of the arch 30' of wiper 20 is shown in Figure 4. Extending along the length of the bead 30' and located between the supports 34, 36, at or near the center of the span between the supports, is a radially directed projection or nib 40 of elastomer formed integrally with the wiper. The nib 40 increases the preload or pressout force required to move the core 12 relative to the tube 14.
When securing the wiper 20 to the core 18, the wiper preferably is maintained under uniform tension to ensure that it has a uniform width and height as installed. The adhesive used to bond the wiper 20 to the core 18 is applied to the flat base 22 of the wiper, and should be impervious to moisture and capable of bonding the wiper securely to the core.
After bonding the wiper 20 to the core 18, a winding of corrugated paper 42 is helically wound around the surface of the core and located in the helical spaces between adjacent passes of the wiper around the outer surface of the core. The winding 42 is bonded by adhesive to the core 18. The corrugated paper 42 is preferably "B" flute paper, single face, and wound in a helix such that the corrugations are exposed at the outer surface of the damper insert 12. The corrugated paper winding 42 overlaps the lateral flanges 26, 28 of the wiper 20. While the applying the corrugated paper winding 42 to the core 18 and helically winding it on the core, the lateral edges 44, 46 of the supports 34, 36 guide the edges of the winding 42 into their proper position on the core 18.
Overlapping of the lateral flanges 26, 28 of the wiper 20 with the corrugated paper winding 42 reinforces the bond of the wiper 20 to the core 18. The crests and valleys 48 of the corrugations of the winding 42 extend between each spiral loop of the wiper, as shown in Figure 1. The corrugations have an arcuate, semi-circular form when viewed in cross section, as shown in Figure 6.
The outside diameter of the corrugated paper winding 14 of the insert damper 10 corresponds substantially to the diameter of the bore 16 of the drive shaft tube 14. The bead 30 projects radially beyond the outer surface of the crests of winding 42 enough to produce a suitable resilient, preloaded press fit of the bead with the inner surface of the drive shaft at its bore 16. This elastic preload resulting from the interference fit of the bead 30 on the tube 14 produces frictional engagement between the wiper 20 and the surface of the bore 16 sufficient to retain of the insert damper 12 at the desired axial location in the drive shaft tube 14.
The nib 40 located on bead 30' similarly projects beyond the radially outer surface of the winding 42 to produce a suitable resilient, preloaded press fit of the nib on the inner surface of the drive shaft. The elastic support provide by bead 30' to nib 40 reduces the magnitude of compressive force that is developed in the nib due to the preload as compared to the magnitude of force that would be developed if the nib extended to the base 22 of the wiper 20. Similarly the elastic preload resulting from the interference fit of the nib 40 on the tube 14 produces frictional engagement between the wiper 20 and the surface of the bore 16 sufficient to retain of the insert damper 12 at the desired axial location in the drive shaft tube 14.
In accordance with the provisions of the patent statutes, the principle and mode of operation of this invention have been explained and illustrated in its preferred embodiment. However, it must be understood that this invention may be practiced otherwise than as specifically explained and illustrated without departing from its spirit or scope.
What is claimed is:
1. A damper insert for a tubular cylinder having an inner surface,
a tube having a length and an outer surface sized to fit within the bore;
a wiper wound around the outer surface in passes along a helical path, providing spaces on the outer surface between the passes, including a base secured to the tube, mutually spaced supports extending radially outward from the base, and an arch formed of an elastically deformable material, spanning an opening between the supports and projecting radially outward from the outer surface; and
a corrugated winding located in the spaces on the outer surface, the corrugations including a crest having a radial height extending from the outer surface such that the arch of the wiper extends radially beyond the height of the crest and into loaded contact with the inner surface of the cylinder when the tube is located within the cylinder, thereby securing the damper insert to the cylinder.
2. The damper insert according to claim 1 wherein the arch further comprises a bead having a radially outer convex surface extending along the wiper and spanning the opening.
3. The damper insert according to claim 1 wherein the wiper and the tube are formed of paper.
4. The damper insert according to claim 1 wherein the wiper is formed of an elastomer.
5. The damper insert according to claim 1 wherein said wiper extends substantially the full length of the tube.
6. The damper insert according to claim 1 wherein the wiper further includes a radial projection located on a radially outer surface of the arch.
7. The insert according to claim 1 wherein said tube is formed of paper and the winding is formed of paper.
8. The insert according to claim 1 further comprising a first adhesive bond for securing the wiper to the tube, and a second adhesive bond for securing the winding to the tube.
9. An assembly for transmitting rotational power comprising a tubular shaft having a bore and a damper as claimed in Claim 1 disposed within the bore.
10. An assembly for transmitting rotational power comprising a tubular shaft having an inner surface and a damper as claimed in Claim 1 disposed within said tubular shaft and engaging said inner surface.
11. A damper insert for a tubular cylinder having an inner surface substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number
|PG Journal Number
|Date of Filing
|Name of Patentee
|4500 DORR STREET, TOLEDO, OHIO, 43615,
|PCT International Classification Number
|PCT International Application Number
|PCT International Filing date