|Title of Invention||
TENDER COCONUT WINE
|Abstract||The invention is related to the production of wine from tender coconut named tender coconut wine. The ingredients are Tender coconut water or tender coconut water and its soft kernel mix collected from farm fresh tender coconuts of seven months ripe or less, sugar, cinnamon, clove, dry vanilla, fruit juice etc. Pathimukam (cesalpina sappan), a natural colouring agent, is added for color during fermentation process. Tender coconut wines need a fermentation period of 10-28 days. The clarification is done with egg white after fermentation. For optional fortification, cashew apple alcohol or any such alcohol is added. As garden fresh tender coconuts are devoid of wild yeast and bacteria, wine made of it, will be automatically pure and natural. The wine is a highly healthy, hygienic and nutritional beverage.|
COMPLETE SPECIFICATION DESCRIPTION
Wine produced using tender coconut
TECHNICAL FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention is in the field of oenology.
1. The present invention is related to the production of wine; through fermentation of tender coconut water from tender coconuts ripened up to seven months and collected fresh, named Tender Coconut Wine, both sweet and dry.
Dry wines and sweet wines -
i. Using tender coconut water.
ii. Using tender coconut water and its kernel mix.
iii. Using tender coconut water, its kernel mix and fiaiit pulp.
Red wine, dry and sweet, using tender coconut water and crushed black grape pulp Light wine, medium wine, strong wine, made by using tender coconut water PRIOR ART
The existing wine production methods in coconut family use ripened coconuts (aged more than 10 months). Coconut water, unlike tender coconut water, is a waste product of coconut industry and is not widely used for soft drinks or sports drinks. The previous methods mentioned in CN1072452A, CNl 126757A and DE4220403 Al are describing the production of wine from ripened coconut water and coconut pulp or grinded coconut, sugar, honey, milk powder and natural water as main ingredients and using some chemicals for wine making. The colour of the wines in the above methods is white or lightly yellowish- more towards white and not in red colour. The tender coconut wines are produced in red, white, and yellow in colour depending up on the verity of tender coconut and variation of ingredients.
The existing coconut wine recipe with No DE 4220403A1 discloses the production of coconut wine a mixture of 30 g yeast, 1 L water and 1kg sugar is prepared and fermented for one day. 1200 g grinded coconut kernel is socked in 8 L water. After 2 hours the mash is minced by a mixture and the yeast sugar mixture is added. Then a complicated fermentation of cooling and heating Process for fermentation follows until the wine results after 10 days.
The existing application No.92112635.2-CN 1072452A disclose the production of coconut wine from coconut water and coconut pulp collected from ripened coconut only. The method of this invention is as follows: the yeast mash is prepared by a coconut pulp and juice adding milk powder at the weight ratio of 1-0.1-0.5.
The existing application No.95100129.9-CN 1126757A disclose the production of coconut wine from coconut water and coconut pulp collected from ripened coconut only. The method ofthe above invention is as follows, first the cultivation and breaking of wine yeast and yeast masih is prepaid with ripened coconut water milk powder, and 2% of hydrochloric acid.
Put the yeast mash in a fermenting jar; add processed odorless alcohol of 50-60 and 45-55% sugar syrup. Take the yeast wine of 3-5% fermentation, adding slowly while stirring; continue to stir for 30 minutes for fermentation. After 8-10 days, strain with 120 fine strainer, after this a secondary fermentation for some days more
The present invention is based on the production of tender coconut wine from tender coconuts aged 7 month ripe and below (the primary product of coconut tree); does not use natural water. It is widely used for sports drink, soft drink and a medicinal valued product in Ayurvedic and Allopath systems and used for injection with glucose saline to gastroenteritis patients. Tender coconut water is medicinal and used as nutrient supplement and sports drink as tender coconut water is scientifically proved to be of medicinal properties and recommended by the World Health Organization as a natural sports drink.
The main object of this invention is that natural water is eliminated at any stage of processing and tender coconut water is substituted for the same. The mother culture is prepared in a simple method with tender coconut water, sugar and dry wine yeast with in a short period and no other ingredients like milk powder etc are added.
At a time when people prefer organic products to artificial beverages, demand for natural products is increasing worldwide. This method has been developed by the inventor to produce wine from tender coconut water or tender coconut water and its soft kernel mix without using artificial ingredients at any stage of the process, thus keeping the end product entirely pure and natural. In this process tender coconut water replaces natural water in the preparation of a variety of wines with light, medium, and strong alcohol contents. Tender coconut is very different from coconut in type, quality, taste, aroma and contents. Ripened coconut is a food and oil based nut. While tender coconut water, though available in abundance, is extremely difificuh to preserve and is prohibitively expensive and hard to store.
Tender coconut water is widely known for its nutritional and medicinal properties. It is considered nature's finest health drink. It is now heavily sought after as a health drink for sports persons as well. The demand for natural drinks is increasing globally. Tender coconut water is the only wholesome beverage that nature has provided to the humanity. It unproves antibodies and immunity and is recommended for several diseases in Ayurvedic and Allopathic systems. It is rich in vitamins, minerals and proteins. Natural contents in tender coconut water include Potassium, Sodium, Calcium, Phosphorus, Iron, Magnesium, Copper, Glucose, Fructose, Sucrose etc., in a balanced combination.
Wine making is still an area to be explored. For ages wine has been made from fresh fruits or berries with natural water and sugar. Sometimes wine is also made from coconut meat with coconut water or coconut milk. The common way of preparation of wine needs to add chemicals like potassium Meta bisulphite (KMS) or camp den tablets etc. to prevent contamination by wild yeast and bacteria. It was the aim of the inventor to formulate a method to produce wine using the abundantly available tender coconut water and other farm products alone.
The wine made from tender coconut is free from any chemicals or sulphur dioxide. This can be developed as an organic product. At a time when people prefer organic products to artificial beverages, demand for natural products is increasing worldwide. Large-scale production of wine using tender coconut would be helpful to the coconut farmers who are suffering huge losses due to incidence of eriophyd mite and uncertain markets.
Ayurvedic literature refers to the medicinal value of tender coconut water. However, a study of recent times reported from India attracts special attention. The study was conducted by Bio Chemistry Department of Trivandrum Medical College, Kerala inI968 to assess the efficiency of the tender coconut water when administered intravenously in gastroenteritis patients in comparison to glucose saline. Tender coconut water was injected to 16 patients in Medical College Hospital while 20 patients were injected with glucose saline. The study found that the amount of potassium was higher in patients injected with tender coconut water on examination after 24 hour
The results of various studies conducted in other countries also underline the medicinal effect of tender coconut water. For instance some urologists in the Philippines have proved that the utilization of tender coconut water orally or intravenously is effective in treating urethral disorders and in reducing or dissolving all kinds of kidney stones. Dr Mecolalag treated 204 patients with kidney stones using tender coconut water and only 16 patients had to undergo surgical removal of the stone (Milla and Bocetta in 1990).
Medicinal properties of tender coconut water
> Good for feeding infants suffering from intestinal disturbances.
> Oral dehydration medium.
> Contains organic compounds possessing growth promoting properties.
> Keeps the body cool.
> Application on the body prevents prickly heat and summer boils and reduces the reishes caused by small pox, chicken pox, measles etc.
> Kills intestinal worms.
> Presence of saline and albumen makes it a good drink in cholera cases.
> Checks urinary infections.
> Excellent tonic for the old and the sick.
> Cures malnourishment.
> Effective in treatment of kidney and urethral stones.
> Can be injected intravenously in emergency cases.
> Found as blood plasma substitute because it is sterile, does not produce heat, does not destroy red blood cells and is readily accepted by the body.
> Aids the quick absorption of the drugs and makes their peak concentration in the blood easier by its electrolytic effect.
> Urinary antiseptic and eliminates poisons in case of mineral poisoning.
2. This method has been developed for producing Tender Coconut Wine using tender coconut by fermentation process without using artificial ingredients at any stages of the process, thus keeping the product pure and natural.
3. The processes involved in the preparation are
• Preparation of mother culture (starter mix)
• preparation of must
• Fortification and Ageing
4. Firstly, a culture of yeast is multiplied prior to the preparation; the multiplied culture yeast
is called mother culture or starter mix.
5. The preparation of starter mix is as follows:
Add sugar (20-50 g) and dry wine yeast (0.5g to5.g) to 200 ML freshly collected tender coconut water. Stir to dissolve. Close the jar tightly and keep it for more than Ihour (depending on climatic conditions). The yeast multiplies rapidly. After multiplication the starter mix is ready to use.
6. PREPARATION OF MUST.
Preparation of must differs for each type of wine as described in the Example. FERMENTATION
The must collected in the jar is kept in a controlled temperature below 29° C (away from direct sunlight) for 10-28 days or more for fermentation. It needs to be stirred once or twice in the initial stage. Once the fermentation is complete and the must becomes wine, it is Filtered ftncj collected in jars. In red wine making, fermentation is continued by letting the grape skins (which do have colour) stay in contact with the must for the right amount of time.
During the maturing process, there is natural clarification of wine with egg white. Two eggs white (beaten) are added to the wine to bring about the clarification process after fermentation. The wine added with egg white should be kept for about 15 days for clarification without moving or stirring. The clear wine can be filtered and collected in bottles or jars. OPTIONAL FORTIFICATION AND AGING
Fortification is optional. Add necessary quantity of odorless alcohol (cashew apple alcohol or any suitable alcohol)) to the wine to make it strong. After pasteurization, keep this wine in a secluded place (preferably under ground) up to 12 months or more for better quality. In the aging process the wine losses it's raw and harsh flavor and mellows down considerably acquiring a smooth flavor and characteristic bouquet and aroma. Now the Tender coconut wine is ready to use
PREPARATION OF MUST EXAMPLE-
The methods for producing Tender coconut wines and the ingredients are explained below.
(a) Tender coconut water from freshly collected tender coconuts seven months ripe or below
or tender coconut water and its soft kernel mix of above age nuts - 3.8 L in ajar; (b) sugar -
1.00 kg to 2 kg (c) dry vanilla beans 5-10. No's, (without extracting); (d) Fruit pulp of any
farm fresh fiiiit like mango, pineapple, passion fruit, grape, lemon, and jack fioiit etc or any
mixed fruit pulp for colour,taste,aroma and control of PH.. Fruits should be cleaned with
pure water after removing the damaged, wild yeast and bacteria affected ones). Mix items (b)
and (d) in tender coconut water or tender water and its kernel mix, in the jar. Add mother
culture prepared as in step 5 (page No. 5) to the must, stir well and close the jar allow for
fementation,and clarification, fortification, pasteurization, and aging as above to make
tender coconut wine. The wine is white or slightly yellow Brown or red in colour depending
on the verity of Fruits and Tender Coconut and variation in quantity of fruit pulp.
(b)Tender coconut water from freshly collected tender coconuts seven months ripe or below -1.8L in ajar; (b) crushed farm-fresh black grape pulp with skin and seeds - 2L (grapes should be cleaned with pure water after removing the damaged, wild yeast and bacteria affected grapes and dried with clean dry cloths); (c) sugar 1.00 kg to 2kg; (d) dry vanilla beans 5-10 No's; (e) chocked pathimukham (Cesalpina sappam) nl0-20.g as colouring agent. Mix items
(b) to (e) in the tender coconut water in the jar add mother culture prepared as in step 5 (page
No.5) for producing tender coconut wine (red wine) with the above process.
Wherein the level of sugar content is increased or decreased to make sweet or dry varieties of tender coconut wine and to adjust its alcohol content. The quantity of Pathimukham (Cesalpina sappam) is increased or decreased for the variation in colour of the wine
The following ingredients, chocked cinnamon 2- 4 g., chocked clove 10-20 No's; can be added directly (with out extracting) to the above must with the other ingredients for variation in flavor and aroma. The quantity of sugar may be varied due to the variety and maturity of tender coconut and fruits, and the condition of soil and climate of farms.
When all the above ingredients are collected from organically certified farms, the tender coconut wines come under the category of organic.
The tender coconut wine produced with tender coconut water is cost-effective and eco friendly as 75% of the raw materials are converted into the finished products and leave out minimal residue.
There are no specifications for Tender coconut wine. The only specification available now relate to wine produced from grapes etc. A comparison of the test report of tender coconut wine with the Bureau of Indian Standard specification for grape wines:
1. The process for production of tender coconut wine, through fermentation of tender coconut
water from tender coconuts ripened 7 months or below, and collected fresh (a) comprising
preparation of mother culture prepared by adding sugar and yeast to the tender coco nut water
at the ratio of 20-50g : 0.5g to 5g : 200ML; which is allowed one hour or more for
multiplication (b) fermentation of the must, made of tender coconut,(tender coconut water
and soft kernel) sugar, fi^it pulp and spices for 10-28 days by adding mother culture, (c)
clarification of the wine using beaten egg white for 15 days with out stirring,(d)optional
fortification with odorless alcohol (cashew apple alcohol or any other suitable alcohol),
(e)pasteurization and (f) aging up to 12 months (more or less).
2. The tender coconut wine as claimed in claim 1, where in fruit pulp, include mango, grape,
pineapple, passion fruit, lemon, jack fruit or mixture there of to make wine
3. The tender coconut wine as claimed in claims 1 and 2 where in spices which include
Cinnamon, Clove, Vanilla, and Cesalpina sappan and mixture there of to obtain colour flavor
4. The tender coconut wine as claimed in claims 1, 2 and 3 wherein the ingredients are
collected from Organic farms to produce organic tender coconut wine.
|Indian Patent Application Number||900/CHE/2004|
|PG Journal Number||38/2007|
|Date of Filing||08-Sep-2004|
|Name of Patentee||M/S. SEBASTIAN.P.AUGUSTINE|
|Applicant Address||PALAMATTAM HOUSE, BHEEMANADY POST-671314, KASARAGOD DIST.|
|PCT International Classification Number||A 23 L 2/38|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|