Title of Invention  METHOD FOR INTERFERENCE SUPPRESSION FOR TDMA AND/OR FDMA TRANSMISSION AND SYSTEM THEREFOR 

Abstract  Method and system for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission are disclosed, said method comprises : filtering of at least one complexvalued received signal ri[k] of a receive antenna with a filter with complexvalued coefficients fi[k] for generation of at least one output signal yi [k] ; forming of at least one projection Pi of the at least one output signal yi[k] onto a direction vector pi which is assigned to this output signal yi[k], wherein the dimension of the direction vector pi is two, independently of the amount of receive antennas ; and wherein for the case that the number of projections Pi is one : feeding the projection Pi into a device for detection ; or for the case that the number of projections Pi is two or more : summing of a majority of the projections Pi for forming a sum signal s[k] ; and feeding the sum signal s[k] into a device for detection. Said system comprises : one or several receive antennas ; at least one filter device characterized in that the system also comprises : at least one projection device, wherein the dimension of the direction vector pi is two, independently of the number of the receive antennas ; and for the case that the number of projections Pi is one : a device for detection to which the output signal of the projection Pi is coupled ; or for the case that the number of projections Pi is two or more : a summation device ; and a device for detection to which the sum signal s[k] is coupled. 
Full Text  1 The present invention relates to a method for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission and system therefor. The invention concerns methods for digital data transmission as they are applied e.g. in digital mobile communication systems or for digital transmission over wire pairs. In particular, it concerns a method for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission, which can be at least approximately described as pulse amplitude modulation, with an arbitrary number of receive antennas, in which the complexvalued received signal of at least one receive antenna is filtered with a filter with complexvalued coefficients to produce at least one output signal. Here, TDMA and FDMA refer to the access methods timedivision multiple access and frequencydivision multiple access, respectively. In addition, the invention concerns a system for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission, which can be at least approximately described as pulse amplitude modulation, with an arbitrary number of receive antennas, in which the complexvalued received signal of at least one receive antenna is filtered with a filter device with complexvalued coefficients to produce at least one output signal. In digital transmission over dispersive channels, such as the mobile communication channel or wire pairs, the transmit signal is distorted and impaired by noise. Consequently, in the receiver special measures are necessary to recover the transmitted data from the received signal, i.e., an equalization method has to be applied. The optimum technique for equalization of dispersive channels is maximumlikelihood sequence estimation (MLSE) which is described in G.D. Forney, Jr. MaximurnLikelihood Sequence Estimation of Digital Sequences in the Presence of Intersymbol Interference", IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, IT18, 363378, May 1972, and which can be implemented using the Viterbi algorithm. However, for long channel impulse responses and/or nonbinary signal constellations the Viterbi algorithm is not applicable because here a large computational complexity results. Therefore, in these cases, suboptimum reducedstate sequence estimation (RSSE) methods, as described in M.V. Eyuboglu, S.U. Qureshi ReducedState Sequence Estimation with Set Partitioning and Decision Feedback", IEEE Trans, on Communication, COy38, 1320, January 1988, or DecisionFeedback Sequence Estimation (DFSE), as described in A. DuelHallen, C. Heegard Delayed Decision 2 Feedback Sequence Estimation", IEEE: Trans, on Communications, COM37, 428436, May 1989, have to be employed. All methods cited above are optimized for the case where the received signal is impaired by additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN). In the presence of additional disturbances due to interference of other signals transmitted it has to be expected that the method for equalization degrades severely because of metric mismatch and a too high disturbance variance. Disturbances due to interference become more and more important in mobile communication systems and in wire pair systems. A degradation of power efficiency results for both adjacent channel interference (ACI) and cochannei interference (CCl, i.e. useful signal and interfering signal occupy the same frequency band) if no additional measures are taken. Prior to equalization the interference should be significantly reduced by an appropriate preprocessing technique to make the remaining impairment as small as possible and white. Since in a block transmission method the spectral characteristic of the interference varies from biock to block, the preprocessing has to be adjusted in each block. An appropriate preprocessing strategy was proposed in S. Ariyavisitakul, J.H. Winters, N.R. Sollenberger Joint Equalization and Interference Suppression for High Data Rate Wireless Systems", in Proceedings of Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC'99 Spring), 700706, Houston, Texas, 1999. However, with this strategy a high performance can only be achieved for diversity reception, i.e., at least two receive antennas are necessary. It is well known that transmission over a dispersive intersymbol interference (ISI) producing channel with pulse amplitude modulation (PAM) can be modeled as a discretetime system as depicted in Figure 1. The general case with N fold diversity (N > 1) at the receiver is considered, while mono reception (N = 1) results as a special case. After sampling at symbol rate 1/T, the received signals are given by the convolution of the transmitted PAM sequence a[k] with the impulse response h,[k] of length L, of the channel pertaining to the 1th antenna, impaired by disturbance: 3 Depending on the adopted modulation method the amplitude coefficients a[k] and the channel impulse responses hi[k] are either purely real, purely imaginary, or complex. With respect to the invention, in the following, we only consider modulation methods whose amplitude coefficients can be modeled at the receiver as purely real, purely imaginary, or as lying on an arbitrary straight line in the complex plane. E.g. binary continuous phase modulation (CPM) methods, which are often used in mobile communication systems due to their bandwidth efficiency and their low peaktoaverage power ratio, can be approximately described by PAM signals as outlined in P.A. Laurent ,,Exact and approximate construction of digital phase modulations by superposition of amplitude modulated pulses (AMP)", IEEE Trans, on Commun., COM 34, 150160, 1986. The discretetime disturbance ni [k] consists of two components where niAWGN[k] refers to the AWGN component, which has zero mean and is Gaussian distributed and white (the latter is true if a whitened matched filter, as described in G.D. Forney, Jr. MaximumLikelihood Sequence Estimation of Digital Sequences in the Presence of Intersymbol Interference", IEEE Transactions on Information Theory, IT18, 363378, May 1972, or a general squareroot Nyquist filter is used as continuoustime receiver input filter prior to sampling). The disturbance by niAWGN[k] is mainly due to thermal noise in the receiver input stage. niN1[k] is the disturbance due to interference, Here, refers to the channel impulse response from the uth interferer to receive antenna / and is the corresponding impulse response length. The general case with / interferes, whose data symbols are denoted by is considered. With respect to the invention, again modulation methods with purely real or purely imaginary amplitude coefficients, or amplitude coefficients which fie on an 4 arbitrary, straight line in the complex plane, are exclusively presumed. Since purely imaginary amplitude coefficients and amplitude coefficients which lie on an arbitrary straight line can be transformed into purely real amplitude coefficients by a simple phase rotation, in the following, only the latter case will be considered. If the continuoustime received signals of the different antennas are fractionallyspaced sampled with sample frequency K/T (K: oversampling factor, e.g. K=2), in principle, the same model results. In this case, the discretetime received signals of the different antennas can be represented by K symbolrate (1/T) polyphase components. Consequently, the number of discretetime symbolrate received signals is increased to NK. Therefore, in principle, the following considerations are also applicable for fractionallyspaced sampling. In principle, there are two different approaches for reconstruction of the transmitted symbols, cf. e.g. C. Tidestav, M. Sternad, A. Ahlen ,,Reuse Within a Cell  Interference Rejection or Multiuser Detection", IEEE Trans, on Commun., COM47, 15111522, October 1999. For the first approach the principles of multiuser detection are employed, i.e., the symbol sequences a[] and are jointly estimated (joint maximum likelihood sequence estimation). In the expressions for the symbol sequences the dot [¦] indicates the entire symbol sequence a[k], with co estimation is very difficult, since, in general, the receiver does not have knowledge about the training sequences of the interfering signals and also the temporal position of the training sequences is unknown, cf. e.g. B.C. Wah Lo, K. Ben Letaief ..Adaptive Equalization and Interference Cancellation for Wireless Communication Systems", IEEE Trans, on Commun. COM47, 538545, April 1999. For these reasons the second approach, where interference suppression with subsequent equalization is performed, is more promising. A method based on this approach was proposed in S. Ariyavisitakul, J.H. Winters, N.R. Sollenberger ,,Joint Equalization and Interference Suppression for High Data Rate Wireless Systems", in Proceedings of Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC'99 Spring), 700706, Houston, Texas, 1999. Thereby the N different discretetime received signals y,[k] 5 are prefiltered separately and the prefilter output signals are combined, cf. Figure 1. Subsequently, equalization is performed, e.g. MLSE, RSSE, DFSE or DFE (decisionfeedback equalization). The resulting block diagram of the receiver is depicted in Figure 1. The signal after feedforward filtering and combining is given by The rth filter for filtering of the received sequence r,\k] is shown in detail in Figure 2. The optimization of the filter impulse responses f, [k] of lengths L{ can be e.g. accomplished using an adaptive multipleinput singleoutput minimum meansquared error decisionfeedback equalizer (MISO MMSEDFE), whose structure is depicted in Figure 3. Thereby, thick lines and thin lines refer to complexvalued and realvalued signals and systems, respectively. For the special case of a single receive antenna (N=1) the resulting structure is depicted in Figure 4. !n the DFE the complexvalued impulse reponses f\ [k] are the feedforward filters and have to be adaptively jointly optimized with the complexvalued feedback filter b[k]. When the adaptation process is completed, the feedforward filter coefficients are carried over to the structure according to Figure 1. If the filter lengths are chosen sufficiently large, after the combination the interference is significantly reduced and, in addition, the total disturbance at this point is approximately white and Gaussian distributed and, therefore, the subsequent application of treliisbased equalization techniques is justified. A closedform solution for calculation of the prefilters, as e.g. proposed in EP 99 301 299.6 for calculation of the prefilter for DFSE/RSSE and disturbance exclusively by white noise, cannot be applied. For this, not only the impulse responses hj[k] but also the impulse responses of the interfering signals would have to be known. However, the latter cannot be easily estimated since, in general, the training sequences of the interfering signals are not known at the receiver. Therefore, filter calculation has to be performed using a recursive adaptive algorithm. In S. Ariyavisitakui, J.H. Winters, N.R. Sollenberger Joint Equalization and Interference Suppression for High Data Rate Wireless Systems", Proceedings of Vehicular Technology Conference (VTC'99 Spring), pages 700706, Houston, Texas, 1999, the application of the recursiveleast squares (RLS) algorithm was proposed for filter optimization, cf. also S. Haykin Adaptive Filter Theory", Prentice Hall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, third edition, 1996. A significant disadvantage of this approach is that high performance cannot be achieved in case of mono reception {N=1). The main reason for this is that in this case an interfering signal cannot be sufficiently suppressed. With reference to Figure 3, for N=2 the signals r1[k] and r2[k] comprise the respective received signal and noise, where the interfering signals are contained in the noise. Adjusting the filter coefficients suitably, the interfering signals may cancel each other. For N=1 there is only one received signal and, therefore, cancellation is not possible, of course. From EP 0 669 729 it is known to use antenna arrays for interference and noise suppression. The received signals of the single receive antennas are collected in a single vector which is projected onto different vectors which are determined using the spatial correlation matrix of the total disturbance consisting of interference and channel noise. Thereby it is possible to spatially decorrelate the total disturbance, and a maximum ratio combining of the preprocessed antenna signals for disturbance reduction is easily possible. Subsequently, the useful signal which in addition is impaired by intersymbol interferences, is recovered by a common onedimensional complex equalization method. The projections carried out in the method are carried out onto vectors, whose number of dimensions N corresponds to the number of antennas N. A suppression of interferences when only a single receive antenna is used is not possible. Therefore, the task of the present invention is to improve this type of methods and this type of systems in such a way that improved interference suppression is possible. According to an additional aspect of the invention good interference suppression shall also be possible for mono reception. Furthermore, it is desirable to achieve a higher performance for diversity reception than previously proposed methods for interference suppression. 6A Accordingly, the present invention provides a method for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission, which at least comprises pulse amplitude modulation or binary CPM, Continuous Phase Modulation, with one or several receive antennas, comprising the following steps : a) filtering of at least one complexvalued received signal r[k] of a receive antenna with a filter with complexvalued coefficients i[k] for generation of at least one output signal yi[k] ; b) subsequently forming of at least one projection P,of the at least one output signal yi[k] onto a direction vector p, which is assigned to this output signal yi[k], wherein the dimension of the direction vector pi is two, independently of the amount of receive antennas ; and wherein for the case that the number of projections Pi is one : C1 feeding the projection Pi into a device for detection ; or for the case that the number of projections Pi is two or more : d1) summing of a majority of the projections Pi for forming a sum signal s[k] ; and d2) feeding the sum signal s[k] into a device for detection. Preferably, in step c1 and/or in step d2) the device for detection is developed for correcting of distortion. Preferably, in step d1) all projections P, for forming of the sum signal s[k] are summed up. Preferably, at least two received signals r{k] are present and the associated at least two output signals y,[k] in step b) are projected onto identical direction vectors. Preferably, feedforward filters of a DFE (Decision Feedback Equalizer) with realvalued feedback filter are used for filtering of the received signals in step a), which are optimized according to the criteria ZF (Zero Forcing), MMSE, maximumsignaltonoiseratio or impulse truncation. Preferably, the signals after the projections are utilized for optimization of the filter coefficients. Preferably, an adaptive algorithm is used for adjustment of the filter coefficients of the at least one 6B complexvalued filter. Preferably, the adaptive algorithm for adjustment of the filter coefficients utilizes a training sequence known at the receiver. An adaptive algorithm may be used for adjustment of the filter coefficients without using a training sequence known at the receiver. Preferably, the corresponding orthogonal complements of the projections of at least one filtered output signal yi[k] are calculated. Preferably, the interference to be suppressed is represented by at least a part of the transmit signals for the case of transmit antenna diversity. The present invention also provides a system for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission, which at least comprises pulse amplitude modulation or binary CPM, Continuous Phase Modulation, comprising : one or several receive antennas ; at least one filter device with complexvalued coefficients fi[k] wherein the at least one filtering device is designed for filtering of at least one complexvalued received signal ri[K] of a receive antenna, for generation of at least one output signal y[k] ; characterized in that the system also comprises : at least one projection device to which the at least one output signal y,[k] is coupled, for forming a projection P, of the at least one output signal y,[k] onto one direction vector p, which is assigned to this output signal y,{k], wherein the dimension of the direction vector p, is two, independently of the number of the receive antennas ; and for the case that the number of projections P, is one : a device for detection to which the output signal of the projection P, is coupled ; or for the case that the number of projections P, is two or more : a summation device for summing a majority of the projections P, for forming of a sum signal $[k] ; and a device for detection to which the sum signal s[k] is coupled. 6C The present invention further provides a receiver designed for acting in concert with one or several receiving antennae for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission comprising at least pulse amplitude modulation or binary CPM, Continuous Phase Modulation, comprising : at least a filtering device having complexvalued coefficients 1[k] with the at least one filtering device being designed for filtering at least one complexvalued received signal r{k] of a receiving antenna, for generation of at least one output signal y{k] ; characterized in that the receiver also comprises :  at least one projection device to which the at least one output signal y{k] is coupled for forming a projection Pi of the at least one output signal y,[k] onto a direction vector p/ assigned to this output signal y[k], with the dimension of the direction vector p/ irrespective of the number of receiving antennae being two ; and in case the number of projections Pi is one :  a device for detection to which the output signal of the projection Pi is coupled ; or in case the number of projections Pi is two or more :  a device for summing a majority of the projections Pi for forming of a sum signal s[k]; and  a device for detection to which the sum signal $[k] is coupled. 7 The invention is based on the observation that as a consequence of projections interference and signal can be separated. Since only the projections of the received signals are processed, filter coefficients for minimization of the error in the sum of the projected signals; which exclusively is of interest, can be found and utilized. The method and the system according to the invention enable the (adaptive) interference suppression for equalization with or without antenna diversity for transmission with pulse amplitude modulation with purely real or purely imaginary data sequences, or data sequences which lie on an arbitrary straight line in the complex plane, and sufficiently distinct impulse responses. In particular, for mono reception a significantly better interference suppression than with prior art techniques can be achieved. With the invented method 2N1 interfering signals can be suppressed in general, whereas only N1 interfering signals can be suppressed with conventional methods. The error rate of the subsequent equalization can be reduced significantly by the invented method. Usually in a practical implementation the method does not cause additional complexity or even allows to reduce complexity compared to prior art methods. A comparison of the prior art methods according to Figures 3 and 4 with the new structure according to Figures 6 and 7 shows that only the projections Pi{} to Pn{} have to be additionally performed, whereas the feedback filter is simpler and has only realvalued coefficients. In an especially preferred embodiment of the invention, at least two received signals n[k] are available and the respective at least two output signals y[k] are projected in step b) on identical direction vectors. This measure has the advantageous effect that the projection step and the summation step can be interchanged and the projections after the summation can be realized by a single projection. in a further preferred embodiment, for filtering of the received signals in step a) the feedforward filters of a DFE with realvalued feedback filter are used, which are systematically optimized, where in particular ZF, MMSE, or impulse truncation criteria may be adopted. Therefore, it is possible to optimize the filter coefficients in a simple manner. 8 For optimization of the filter coefficients preferably the signals after the projections are utilized. This enables an improved interference suppression since the interference is shifted into the sum of the orthogonal complements of the projections. For adjustment of the filter coefficients of the at least one complexvalued filter an arbitrary adaptive algorithm can be employed. This ensures that an adjustment to the respective interference situation is automatically achieved. The adaptive algorithm for adjustment of the filter coefficients can utilize a training sequence which is known at the receiver. If no known training sequence is transmitted or if the known training sequence is too short, a blind adaptive algorithm can be employed for adjustment of the filter coefficients. From the calculation of the orthogonal complement of the projection of at least one filtered output signal yi [k] a criterion for the transmission quality can be easily obtained. If transmit antenna diversity is employed, in a first step at least a part of the transmit signals can be interpreted as interference and suppressed using the invented method. Subsequently, in a second step the data symbols, which have been detected in the first step, can be utilized to model the corresponding parts of the received signal; forming a difference signal the corresponding signal parts can be removed from the received signal and the detection of the remaining data symbols, which in the first step have been interpreted as interference, becomes possible. Alternatively, in the second step the first step can be repeated, however, thereby the data symbols, which have been detected in the first step, are interpreted as interference, and the data symbols, which have been interpreted as interference in the first step, are now interpreted as useful data. Therefore, the method is also well suited to achieve high performance for transmit antenna diversity. Further advantageous versions of the invention are defined in the subclaims. In the following, example versions of the invention are described in more detail with reference to the figures. It can be seen in: Figure 1: discretetime version of the block diagram for a digital transmission system with N fold antenna diversity at the receiver (prior art); 9 Figure 2: detailed figure of the ith feedforward filter for filtering of the ith received signal (prior art); Figure 3: block diagram representation of a conventional DFE receiver for the case of N receive antennas (prior art); Figure 4: block diagram representation of a conventional DFE receiver for the case of one receive antenna (prior art); Figure 5: schematic representation of the projection Pi{yi[k]} of signal yi[k] onto the complex vector pi of unit length; Figure 6: a DFE receiver for the case of N receive antennas with realization of projections after feedforward filtering according to the invention; Figure 7: a DFE receiver for the case of one receive antenna (mono reception) with realization of one projection after feedforward filtering according to the invention; and Figure 8: a DFE receiver in which additionally the sum of the orthogonal complements of the projections of the output signals of the feedforward filters are processed. In the invention an improved interference suppression is accomplished by modifying the DFE structure according to Figure 3 and Figure 4, respectively. After the complexvalued feedforward filtering operations, projections P,{} onto complex vectors p, of unit length are performed, which yield purely realvaiued results R{y,[]}, cf. Figure 5. This leads to a structure according to Figure 6. Since the signal y[k] is realvaiued, now a purely realvalued filter b[k] suffices for feedback filtering; the error signal e[k] = v[k] ~ a[kko] is also purely realvalued. Consequently, for minimization of the power of e[k] the orthogonal complements of the feedforward filter output signals with respect to the projection operators P,{} are not considered, which is possible since for the decision process for realvalued amplitude coefficients only one 10 dimension is of interest anyway. Now, the filter coefficients can be adjusted specifically for minimization of the error in the sum of the projected signals, which is exclusively of interest, whereas the orthogonal complements are neglected. As a consequence by a suitable choice of the filter coefficients the disturbance by interference can be shifted for the most part into the sum of the orthogonal complements of the projections of the feedforward filter output signals, which is irrelevant for the decision. Therefore, the sum of orthogonal complements, can be. optionally utilized for estimation of the interference power. A special case, which is of interest for implementation, results if all N projection vectors of the output signals y,[k] are identical and therefore, the projections can be realized as a single projection after the summation. It turns out that a very good interference suppression can be achieved if the prefilter coefficients fi{k], 1 ai [k] and are realvalued. After prefiltering with the feedforward filters of the modified DFE for interference suppression according to Figure 6 and subsequent projections of the filter output signals, equalization can be performed adopting e.g. a sequence estimation method such as MLSE, DFSE, or RSSE. The signal component y[k] of the equalization method is given by The required complexity can be optionally controlled by the choice of the feedback filter length Lb, i.e., the number of coefficients b[k] (impulse truncation with DFE). For optimization of the DFE filters various criteria can be adopted, e.g. zero forcing (ZF) criterion, maximum SNR or minimum meansquared error (MMSE). As a special case the adaptive adjustment of the DFE according to the MMSE criterion with the leastmeansquare (LMS) algorithm is considered. For the adaptation it has to be taken 30 into account that in the algorithm knowledge of the data symbols is required for error calculation and feedback filtering. Therefore, the training sequence, which is transmitted in many transmission systems to facilitate channel estimation, is also 11 used for DFE adaptation, i.e., for error calculation and feedback filtering training symbols are utilized. During transmission of the data symbols the adaptation can proceed in the decision directed mode, i.e., instead of training symbols previously estimated data symbols delivered by the equalizer are employed, which coincide with the actual data symbols with sufficiently high probability after the training period. Alternatively, the recursive leastsquares (RLS) algorithm or a blind adaptive algorithm, which only requires knowledge about the statistics of the transmitted data sequence, but not the data symbols themselves, can be employed instead of the LMS algorithm. However, for blind adaptive algorithms a slower convergence than for trained adaptive algorithms is inevitable. For simplicity, for description of the LMS algorithm for adaptation of the proposed novel DFE structure the (complex conjugated) filter coefficients are collected in vectors ((o)H and (o)T refer to Hermitian transposition and transposition, respectively). Now, the filter coefficients are timevarying because of adaptation. This can be seen from the fact that now the filter coefficients also depend on the real time k. The signal y[k] after the projections and the combination is given by with The DFE slicer input signal is finally given by 12 The decision delay k0 is a degree of freedom which can be utilized for optimization of power efficiency. Thereby, a[o] denotes the data sequence estimated by the DFE. If there is a known data sequence as training sequence (training mode), the a{o] can be replaced by known data symbols a[o]. Correspondingly, in Figure 6 a[o] has to be replaced by a[o] for error calculation and feedback. The error signal for DFE is defined by holds. For the following, the filter coefficient vectors and the filter input vectors are collected in a single vector, respectively, The LMS algorithm for adaptive adjustment of the filter coefficient vectors is given by the following equation, as described in S. Haykin .Adaptive Filter Theory", PrenticeHall, Upper Saddle River, New Jersey, third Edition, 1996; 13 where u refers to a step size parameter, which has to be chosen suitably to enable both fast convergence and stable operation. The recursion is initialized e.g. by w[0] =0. (17) The described DFE structure can also be used for interference suppression if additionally M fold (M > 1) transmit antenna diversity is employed, which is e.g. the case for spacetime coded transmission to increase capacity, as described in A.F. Naguib, N. Seshadri, and A.R. Calderbank .Increasing Data Rate over Wireless Channels", IEEE Signal Processing Magazine, 7692, May 2000. The proposed method can be e.g. directly applied in combination with the spacetime coding method proposed in J.H. Winters ,,The Diversity Gain of Transmit Diversity in Wireless Systems with Rayleigh Fading", IEEE Transactions on Vehicular Technology, 119123, February 1998. With respect to the invention, approximate PAM transmission methods are methods, whose transmit signal can be sufficiently accurate described as a PAM signal, which is e.g. the case for binary continuous phase modulation (CPM). As a special example version, in the following, the case of mono reception (N = 1) is considered. This case is mainly of interest for mobile stations. Here, in contrast to base stations, antenna diversity usually cannot be employed, because this is not conform with a compact, energy saving, and lowcost mobile phone. Again, it is presumed that both the data sequence of the useful signal and the data sequences of the interferers are purely real and that the corresponding impulse responses are sufficiently different. The corresponding DFE structure with projection P{o} is depicted in Figure 7. While the described structures guarantee very good interference suppression if the filter lengths l{and Lb are sufficiently large, for complexity reasons and because of the too short training sequence, in practice, usually relatively short feedforward and feedback filters are used. In this case, the signal according to Eq. (8) contains in general a noise component due to residual interference which cannot be neglected, 14 and without additional measures a significant performance degradation results. Therefore, if short DFE filters are utilized, the method should be refined, which is shown as an example in Fig. 8. For this purpose, also the sum of the orthogonal complements of the projections of the feedforward filter output signals can be considered, (18) where Qi.{} refers to projections onto complex vectors q,. of unit length. Thereby, vector q. is orthogonal to vector pi. which belongs to projection Pi{o}. The signal t[k] contains in general a larger noise component than the signal s[k], however, it also contains a useful signal component, i.e. (19) where both the impulse response c[o], whose coefficients are nonzero in the interval K1 Now, it is advantageous to employ the signal t[k] also in the trellisbased equalization method. For this purpose the signal s[k]. is written in the form (20) where the disturbance ns[k] has variance and again contains both noise and interference. !n order to take advantage of both signals s[k] and t[k] in a trellisbased equalization method, e.g. the branch metric 15 can be used in the trellis diagram (maximum ratio combining), where for MLSE equalization a[o] refers to trial symbols which depend on the state transitions; for reducedstate equalization methods a[kk0k] refers to trial symbols and state dependent register contents for K Kred , respectively, where Kred depends on the chosen state reduction method. Note that for Eq. (21) statistical independent white Gaussian distributed disturbances ns[o] and n1[o] are assumed. In practice, this is only approximately true and in particular n1[] in general is not white. Therefore, it is advantageous to filter the signal t[k] before trellisbased equalization with a noise whitening filter, which transforms n1[o] into a white disturbance and which can be calculated from the autocorrelation sequence of n1[o], which has to be estimated using an appropriate technique. In Eq. (21) t[k], and c[o] have to be substituted by the noise variance at the output of the noise whitening filter, the signal at the output of the noise whitening filter, and the convolution of the original impulse response with the impulse response of the noise whitening filter, respectively. With the introduced two channel structure a diversity effect can be achieved and therefore a high performance results even if short DFE filters are employed. 16 WE CLAIM : 1. Method for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission, which at least comprises pulse amplitude modulation or binary CPM, Continuous Phase Modulation, with one or several receive antennas, comprising the following steps : a) filtering of at least one complexvalued received signal r{k] of a receive antenna with a filter with complexvalued coefficients f,[k] for generation of at least one output signal y,[k]; b) subsequently forming of at least one projection P,of the at least one output signal y[k] onto a direction vector pi which is assigned to this output signal y,[k], wherein the dimension of the direction vector pi is two, independently of the amount of receive antennas ; and wherein for the case that the number of projections Pi is one : d) feeding the projection Pi into a device for detection ; or for the case that the number of projections Pi is two or more : d1) summing of a majority of the projections Pi for forming a sum signal s[k]; and d2) feeding the sum signal $[k] into a device for detection. 2. Method as claimed in claim 1, wherein in step C1) and/or in step d2) the device for detection is developed for correcting of distortion. 3. Method as claimed in claim 1 or 2, wherein in step d1) all projections Pi for forming of the sum signal s [k] are summed up. 17 4. Method as claimed in any of claim 1 to 3, wherein at least two received signals r,[k] are present and the associated at least two output signals y,[k] in step b) are projected onto identical direction vectors. 5. Method as claimed in any of claim 1 to 4, wherein feedforward filters of a DFE (Decision Feedback Equalizer) with realvalued feedback filter are used for filtering of the received signals in step a), which are optimized according to the criteria 2F (Zero Forcing), MMSE, maximumsignaltonoiseratio or impulse truncation. 6. Method as claimed in any of claim 1 to 5, wherein the signals after the projections are utilized for optimization of the filter coefficients. 7. Method as claimed in any of claim 1 to 6, wherein an adaptive algorithm is used for adjustment of the filter coefficients of the at least one complexvalued filter. 8. Method as claimed in claim 7, wherein the adaptive algorithm for adjustment of the filter coefficients utilizes a training sequence known at the receiver. 9. Method as claimed in claim 7, wherein an adaptive algorithm is used for adjustment of the filter coefficients without using a training sequence known at the receiver. 18 10. Method as claimed in any of claims 1 to 9, wherein the corresponding orthogonal complements of the projections of at least one filtered output signal y[k] are calculated. 11. Method as claimed in any of claims 1 to 10, wherein the interference to be suppressed is represented by at least a part of the transmit signals for the case of transmit antenna diversity. 12. System for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission, which at least comprises pulse amplitude modulation or binary CPM, Continuous Phase Modulation, comprising : one or several receive antennas ; at least one filter device with complexvalued coefficients f,[k] wherein the at least one filtering device is designed for filtering of at least one complexvalued received signal r,[k] of a receive antenna, for generation of at least one output signal y,[k]; characterized in that the system also comprises : at least one projection device to which the at least one output signal y[k] is coupled, for forming a projection Pi of the at least one output signal y,[k] onto one direction vector pi which is assigned to this output signal y,[k], wherein the dimension of the direction vector pi is two, independently of the number of the receive antennas ; and for the case that the number of projections Pi is one : a device for detection to which the output signal of the projection Pi is coupled ; or 19 for the case that the number of projections Pi is two or more : a summation device for summing a majority of the projections Pi for forming of a sum signal s[k]; and a device for detection to which the sum signal s[k] is coupled. 13. Receiver designed for acting in concert with one or several receiving antennae for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission comprising at least pulse amplitude modulation or binary CPM, Continuous Phase Modulation, comprising: at least a filtering device having complexvalued coefficients f[k] with the at least one filtering device being designed for filtering at least one complexvalued received signal r[k] of a receiving antenna, for generation of at least one output signal y,[k]; characterized in that the receiver also comprises : at least one projection device to which the at least one output signal y[k] is coupled for forming a projection Pi of the at least one output signal y,[k] onto a direction vector pi assigned to this output signal yi[k], with the dimension of the direction vector pi irrespective of the number of receiving antennae being two ; and in case the number of projections Pi is one : a device for detection to which the output signal of the projection Pi is coupled ; or in case the number of projections P, is two or more : a device for summing a majority of the projections Pi for forming of a sum signal s[k]; and a device for detection to which the sum signal s[k] is coupled. 20 14. Method for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission, substantially as herein described, particularly with reference to the accompanying drawings. 15. System for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission, substantially as herein described, particularly with reference to and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings. Method and system for interference suppression for TDMA and/or FDMA transmission are disclosed, said method comprises : filtering of at least one complexvalued received signal ri[k] of a receive antenna with a filter with complexvalued coefficients fi[k] for generation of at least one output signal yi [k] ; forming of at least one projection Pi of the at least one output signal yi[k] onto a direction vector pi which is assigned to this output signal yi[k], wherein the dimension of the direction vector pi is two, independently of the amount of receive antennas ; and wherein for the case that the number of projections Pi is one : feeding the projection Pi into a device for detection ; or for the case that the number of projections Pi is two or more : summing of a majority of the projections Pi for forming a sum signal s[k] ; and feeding the sum signal s[k] into a device for detection. Said system comprises : one or several receive antennas ; at least one filter device characterized in that the system also comprises : at least one projection device, wherein the dimension of the direction vector pi is two, independently of the number of the receive antennas ; and for the case that the number of projections Pi is one : a device for detection to which the output signal of the projection Pi is coupled ; or for the case that the number of projections Pi is two or more : a summation device ; and a device for detection to which the sum signal s[k] is coupled. 

Patent Number  205823  

Indian Patent Application Number  00738/KOLNP/2003  
PG Journal Number  15/2007  
Publication Date  13Apr2007  
Grant Date  13Apr2007  
Date of Filing  09Jun2003  
Name of Patentee  COMRESEARCH GMBH SOLUTIONS FOR COMMUNICATION SYSTEMS  
Applicant Address  WIESENGRUNDSTR. 4, 90765, FURTH, GERMANY, A GERMAN COMPANY.  
Inventors:


PCT International Classification Number  H 04L 1/06  
PCT International Application Number  PCT/EP01/15019  
PCT International Filing date  20011219  
PCT Conventions:
