|Title of Invention||
"SAFETY LANDING DEVICES FOR A HELICOPTER"
|Abstract||It is a serious disaster if a solution can not be found to alleviate the problem of an air accident in which a steel flying machine weighing several tons including its passengers falls to the ground from high in the sky. The present invention provides a solution for this half a century old problem. With this invention, it reduces the large number of fatal losses of lives, transported goods, and air planes over the last half a century. It also eliminates the subconscious fear of such disaster by passengers and pilots alike. The present invention provides three methods of deploying parachutes from the plane body to resolve the above problem. It solves the problem of the parachutes becoming tangled with the large propeller of a helicopter in such circumstances. Thus, it can be readily utilized in an accident. Additionally, speed reduction jets are provided in addition to the parachutes to reduce the falling speed of the helicopter to achieve its safe landing. Inflatable air bags are provided on both sides of its belly and inflatable tubular gaskets are provided around the door joints for sealing these joints such that when falling onto water, the helicopter would float safely to await for rescue. Inflatable air bags are also provided to reduce the impact of the helicopter upon landing on the ground.|
|Full Text||TECHNICAL FIELD
This invention relates to a helicopter construction having safety provision for its protection and particularly for saving the lives of the passengers in the event of an accident BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The present invention resolves the half century old problem of seeking a method of saving a helicopter from free falling to the ground in an accident
The capability of a helicopter in lifting off vertically from the ground and traveling horizontally over a long distance and then landing vertically again at the destination has greatly changed the traditional concept of having to provide a runway for an air plane to taking off and landing. This concept is ideal in air transportation. Only a relatively much smaller ground area is required for the helicopter to take off or land Thus, air transportation may be achieved quickly in any emergency, for example, in the transportation of patients, rescuing lives in a flood disaster, fire fighting in a forest area not accessible to land vehicles, in engineering and military operations.
In the second world war, [lived in a village in Taiwan which was under the Japanese occupation, and I was attending primary school A Japanese military airfield was located close to my home The Japanese army placed many decoys of air planes in the air field in order to distract the American air offence. The decoys having the same physical size as the real air planes were made with bamboo and tarpaulin The primary school students were often ordered by the Japanese army to move and vary the positions of the decoys. It was a new and surprising experience for the primary students to marvel at the grand scale of this large operation and the vastness of the runway In the evening my friend used bamboo material to make a dragonfly toy which could operate to fly vertically upwards and then horizontally forwards and eventually to fall safely and vertically downwards. I was much marveled in
witnessing the capability of such toy after seeing the vast runway built with much engineering operations. It pointed out to me that an air plane could take off vertically, fly horizontally, and land vertically without requiring a runway for take off and landing. I picked up the dragonfly toy and dashed home with my friend to tell my family that all air planes should be constructed the same way as the dragonfly toy to achieve the same capability. Shortly after, my home town and the air field were attacked and destroyed by the American offense, and the event of the dragonfly toy has now been forgotten for fifty-seven years
Helicopter is an air traveling means which meets all transportation requirements It is a product of much study and constant improvements and it is utilized for a large variety of air operations throughout the world. It's construction is similar to automobiles and its building material and construction comply with modem industrial standards However, similar to the aging of human, sometimes accident does occur in which helicopters weighing several tons including passengers do fall to the ground in the accident and there is frequent news of helicopter accident with fatality The reason for such disaster is that human is unable to build infallible helicopters that can resist bad weather conditions The present invention provides the means for safe lift off and landing of a helicopter People regard the modem day helicopter as a mere half developed product, because it has no provision of resolving the severe problem of safety in an accident when the helicopter is flying high in the sky. It is a well accepted fact that any machine would sometimes break down. The integrity of the machine is determined by the number of times it would break down, however, the number would never be zero When a heavy object loses its flying power in the sky, it would fall directly onto the ground, and the sad result in such event is really unimaginable. If such problem can be resolved, it would fulfill the hope of human as if having an angel standing by the wing of the flying machine to safeguard the lives of the passengers, so that people would
accept the safe transportation by a helicopter rather than regarding it as a specialized dangerous machine made of steel Only with the resolution of such problem the helicopter can meet the general good expectation such that it may be regarded as a perfect helicopter or a century 2000 perfectly safe helicopter. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
It has been determined with careful consideration that when trouble occurs in the either the engine, electrical power, the body structure or loss of control by the pilot, during flight of the helicopter, in order to protect its passengers and the transported goods, the simplest method is by using parachutes to support the helicopter for landing it safely on the ground The parachutes would suspense the body of the helicopter in such event to reduce its falling speed and then landing speed reduction jets may be utilized to further reduce its fall to a safe speed when it is less than a hundred meters from the ground. One main problem of such concept is that a large propeller is used by a helicopter. The propeller covers over a large portion of the helicopter such that it is not feasible to deploy a parachute directly from its body top, as the parachute would readily be severed by the propeller. The above problem has been alleviated by three methods according to the present invention, depending on the size and the purpose of utilization of the helicopter. Any one method may be selected to meet weight design or cost consideration They totally resolve the critical problem pointed above
Furthermore, an air bag is provided on the helicopter to safeguard it when it lands on water. The air bag is inflated by high pressure air cylinders provided in the helicopter to maintain its floatation on water to await for rescue. A tubular gasket is provided between the exit door and the door frame. The tubular gasket may be inflated either by automatic or manual inflation means to provide a leak-proof joints between the door and the door frame such that no water may leak through thejoint into the interior cabin of the helicopter Two
elongated inflatable air bags are mounted on both sides of the helicopter such that when they are inflated they would maintain the helicopter floating on the water like a submarine while waiting for rescue
Closure traps are provided at the engine exhaust and the air conditioning vent to prevent water from entering the helicopter through these outlets. The only air communication with the outside atmosphere is provided by a steel air tube located at the top of the helicopter body The air tube may be raised or lower similar to a periscope in a submarine. The dp of the air tube is provided with a cutting edge usable for cutting the parachute if the latter covers over the helicopter The air tube may be extended above the waves to vent fresh air supply to the passengers inside the helicopter
Speed reduction jets are provided at the belly portion of the helicopter adjacent to the landing wheels These jets may be ignited to further reduce the falling speed of the helicopter when it is a short distance from the ground so as to provide a safe landing. The duration of the ignition of the jets may be predetermined such that their fuel would be depleted to distinguish their ignition when the helicopter touches the ground so that it would not cause any fire hazard to the parachute. Additional fire extinguishing means directed at the jets may be provided to reduce the possibility of fire hazard due to the ignition of the jets or any other causes. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
Figure 1 is cross sectional front view of the helicopter
Figure 2 is an isolated sectional partial front view of the hollow propeller shaft of the helicopter along section line A-A in Figure 1, according to the present invention for storing the parachute and in which the air tube is located
Figure 3 is an isolated sectional top view along section line B-B of Figure 2.
Figure 4 is a top elevation view of the helicopter showing locations on the left and right sides of the body for mounting the parachutes 20
Figure 5 is a top partial cut view extending from section line C-C to section line D-D in Figure 4 showing the provision for installing four parachutes There are three chambers for storing parachutes and one chamber for storing the inflatable air bag.
Figure 6 is an isolated partial sectional elevation view of the braking system design which is useable for ceasing the rotation of the propeller to facilitate the deployment of the parachutes The four blades of the propeller must be held at predetermined positions when the brake is applied.
Figure 7 is an isolated top sectional view along section line E-E in Figure 6.
Figure 8 is the top elevation view of the helicopter with the parachute provided at the propeller shaft.
Figure 9 is an isolated sectional view along section line F-F in Figure 8.
Figure 10 is a top elevation view showing the deployment of the parachutes at the left and right sides of the helicopter with the arrangements 20 A and 20B. DETAIL DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENTS
With reference to the drawings, the preferred embodiments of the present invention is as follows'
(1) The helicopter is provide with a hollow propeller shaft in order to prevent the propeller from tangle with the large parachute for suspending the helicopter in the accident According to the present invention, the propeller 6 is mounted on the top of a large hollow steel tube 2 coupled to the driving gears 12 and 1 7 for rotating the propeller as shown in Figures 1, 2 and 3. A non-rotatable and not weight bearing tube 8 is provided within the main hollow steel tube 2. The hollow center 1 of the tube 8 provides the chamber for housing the main
parachute The tube 8 has a closed bottom except for an air opening 1B through which high pressure compressed air may be released into the rube 8 to eject a small parachute which upon deployment will, in turn, pull the main parachute outwards for its deployment The air opening IB may be eliminated if a very "large parachute is required for suspending a heavy helicopter, in such event, the parachute may be located within the helicopter, and it may be deployed by the deployment of a small parachute connected to the mam parachute such that the later will become deployed for suspending the helicopter in an air accident.
The items designated by the reference numerals in the various drawings are as follows:
1 is the hollow center within the non-weight bearing tube for housing the main parachute, and through which the main parachute may be deployed to suspend the helicopter in air 2: is the rotating shaft for the propeller, A coupling 14 is provided at its top end for mounting the propeller. Its rotation is provided by a drive gear 13, and it is supported by bearings 16 and 18
3. is the gear box which is filled with lubricating oil. Sealing rubber O-rings are provided at circular grooves 15.
4: is a sectional side view of the portion of the helicopter body for housing the gear box and the rotating shaft 5' is the engine 6: is the propeller
7 are the speed reducing jets installed at the belly portion of the helicopter for reducing the falling speed when the helicopter is close to the ground.
8: is the stationary hollow tube Its hollow center is used for storing the main parachute and the duct through which the parachute is deployed.
9 is the power drive shaft It is coupled to the engine through a high speed gear box
10, 11, 12, 12R, 13. and 17 are the various coupling gears. The gear 13 is provided on the
rotating shaft, and gear 17 is the horizontal rotating gear
18. is a gear shaft.
1 A: are the chambers for housing the elongated inflatable air bags which may be inflated by
high pressure compressed air from air cylinders for maintaining the helicopter floating on
water to await for rescue.
7 A: is the fire extinguisher operative for extinguishing the ignition of the speed reducing jets.
8 A: is the location at which the fresh air tube extends in and out of the helicopter body The
fresh air tube is extendable above the waves to prevent water from entering the fresh air
tube while supplying fresh air to the interior of the helicopter
IB: is the high pressure air inlet through which air is employed to deploy the parachute from
2B is the circular fixed bottom of the hollow tube for housing the main parachute.
3B: are the mounting rings for mounting the parachute to the helicopter.
(2) The brake for the propeller is operable to cease the propeller at a predetermined position
so as to provide the spaces required to deploy the parachutes. Detail of the brake is shown in
Figures 4, 5, 6 , and 7. The special braking system is designed to retain and lock the
propeller blades at the same predetermined stationary positions The auxiliary parachutes 21
and 20 located on the left and right sides and front and back sides respectively on the top of
the helicopter are positioned at the spaces between the locked blades of the propeller such
that these auxiliary parachutes may be deployed safely in an air accident
In order to achieve the above special requirement, every time when the brake of the propeller is applied, the propeller blades must be locked at the same predetermined angular
positions. The unique braking system of the present invention is operable after the power for rotating the propeller has been terminated as shown in Figure 6 The principle of the ABS braking system of an automobile is employed. After the braking command is actuated, two semi-circular brake shoes and two different angular brake shoes are applied one after the other to the mam drive shaft of the propeller to cease its rotation and to lock it at the predetermined position.
The brake portion of the drive shaft has an angular upper portion 23 and a round lower portion 28. The semi-circular brake shoes are first applied to the circular portion of the drive shaft to reduce its rotational speed. The semi-circular brake shoes are spring mounted to provide the braking action for reducing the rotational speed of the drive shaft. The angular brake shoes are then applied through another ABS system to cease the rotation of the drive shaft completely and to lock the drive shaft at the predetermined angular position.
The components of the braking system and their reference numerals as shown in Figures 4 to 7 are as follows 19: is the body of the helicopter.
20: are the left and right locations on the top of the helicopter for housing the auxiliary parachutes.
21: are the front and back locations on the top of the helicopter for housing additional auxiliary parachutes.
21 A: shows the mounting between the auxiliary parachutes and the helicopter body. 22: is the drive shaft of the propeller. 23 is the angular brake portion of the drive shaft. 24: are the angular brake shoes 25' is the metal angular support for mounting the angular brake shoes.
26 is a slide rod of the ABS brake system
27 is a stationary mounting base for the slide rod of the ABS brake system.
28 is the circular brake portion of the drive shaft.
29' are the semi-circular brake shoes. The diameter of these brake shoes are equal to that of
the circular brake portion of the drive shaft.
30' are semi-circular metal arms for mounting the semi-circular brake shoes
31 • is a spring mounted rod of the semi-circular metal arms
32' are steel rollers operable to rotate between the angular brake shoes and the drive shaft,
33 are fixed extensions from item 26 and they move with item 26
34: are high strength springs used for providing a soft brake action to reduce the rotation of
the drive shaft.
35: is an external container for housing the main parachute.
36. is an inner box provided within the external container.
37 is the mounting ring for securing the main parachute to the helicopter.
38 is the chamber located within the inner box for housing the parachute.
39: are rollers provided between the rotatable external container and the inner box to support
the rotation of the external container.
40' are explosive holding chambers The explosive may be activated to force open the covers
of the external container and the inner box
(3) The main parachute is installed in a container provided at the top of the drive shaft It is
determined according to the present invention that for smaller helicopters the parachute may
be provided at the top end of the propeller drive shaft The design is to place the parachute in
an inner box 36 which has a circular top cover and a circular bottom base similar to a circular
cookie box Rollers are provided between the external container and the top cover and
circular bottom base of the inner box such that the external container may rotate relative to the inner box. The rotatable base 45 of the inner box is provided with the mounting ring for securing the parachute, but it is rotatable independent of the external container. The external container is mounted to the drive shaft and is rotatable directly with the latter. The external container provides protection of the inner box. The cover of the external container is normally locked in place with six electromagnetic latches 4] When an accident occurs, the electromagnetic latches are unlatched and simultaneously four explosive installations 40 are ignited to force open the cover of the external container, and since the cover of the inner box is connected to the cover of the external container, it will also be forced open. In this manner, the parachute which is connected to the mounting ring 37 of the drive shaft is deployed. The electrical power for activating the electromagnetic latches is conducted to the latches through a carbon rod 42 contacting with a rotatable copper ring 43. The ignition of the explosive causes an annular projection ring to push upwards at the projecting circular flange 36A of the inner box cover, thus in a chain action the parachute located in the inner box is deployed instantly With such provision, the present invention has resolved the past problem of being unable to safe lives in an air accident when the helicopter is in flight
The items shown in the drawing and their reference numerals are as follows' 41: are the spring loaded electromagnet latches.
42 is a carbon rod winch is in contact with the rotatable copper ring to provide the
energizing electrical power to the electromagnetic latches
43 is a copper nng in combination with the carbon rod for providing the electrical power to
the electromagnetic latches
44 are electrical wiring for connecting and supplying the electrical power to energize the
electromagnetic latches and to ignite the explosive.
45: is the steel bottom base of the inner box. It is coupled to the drive shaft but it is rotatable
independently of the latter.
35 A. the projecting annular ring in the external container cover Its upward impact
movement pushes item 36A below upwards
36A: the projecting outer flange of the inner box ]t cooperates with the annular ring 35A to
open the inner box cover.
An important consideration for the parachute installation is shown in Figure 10. It shows a second method of installing the auxiliary parachutes when the body of the helicopter is not wide enough to house the left and right auxiliary parachutes at its top Two horizontally extensible pneumatic arms are provided. These pneumatic arms push the connecting cables of the auxiliary parachutes outwards so as to locate the deployed auxiliary parachutes housed at the two sides of the helicopter further outwards of the helicopter body. The extensible pneumatic arms are indicated by the reference numeral 20A The extensible shaft of the pneumatic arms is indicated by the reference numeral 20B, which is operable to push the connecting cable of the auxiliary parachutes outwards
The advantages of the present invention are as follows:
(1) It maintains the status quote of the present helicopter building industry such that there
are no wastage of present installation, stock pile of material, technical personnel, and pilots,
and it also promotes economic advancement.
(2) With the invention of the safe helicopter, people no longer regard the helicopter as a
dangerous piece of flying steel and will no longer avoid riding on a helicopter, ft has been
the dream of human to be able to fly with a pair of wings. Such dream is further hoped by
looking for the means to avoid the congestion of automobile traffic in the crowded cities.
(3) I truly appreciate that wisdom is fostered by education and wisdom would promote
further wisdom advancement. Thus, I wish to devote thirty percent of the profit denved from the present invention towards paying for the school fees for the education of students from poor families.
1. A system for safely landing a falling helicopter in an air accident, comprising
at least one parachute mounted on said helicopter and adapted to deploy in the accident, speed reduction jets mounted at a belly portion of said helicopter and operative in cooperation with said parachute for reducing the falling of said helicopter to a safe landing speed, inflatable means mounted on left and right undersides of said helicopter and adapted to maintain said helicopter afloat when said helicopter falls on to water, and to cushion impact when said helicopter falls on to land,
inflatable rubber tubing provided on joints between doors and door frames of said helicopter and adapted to prevent water to leak into said helicopter when floating on water.
2. A system according to Claim 1 wherein said helicopter includes a propeller mounted on
a drive shaft made of a hollow steel tube having drive gears integrally provided thereon.
3. A system according to Claim 2 including a stationary hollow cylinder adapted for
housing a main parachute connected to said helicopter.
4. A system according to Claim 3 wherein said hollow cylinder is located within said drive
shaft of said propeller.
5. A system according to Claim 2 including a gear box having gears coupled to said drive
shaft and adapted to convey rotational power to said drive shaft.
6. A system according to Claim 4 wherein said hollow cylinder has a high pressure air inlet
formed in a bottom panel therein, said air inlet being operative for providing a high pressure
air for ejecting said parachute out of said hollow cylinder.
7. A system according to Claim 6 including a connection ring located at said bottom panel
of said hollow cylinder and said parachute being connected to said helicopter through said
8. A system according to Claim 1 wherein said drive shaft having a substantially
rectangular angular portion operative in cooperation with a pair of angular brake shoes
located adjacent to two opposite sides of said angular portion for stopping rotation of said
drive shaft at a predetermined angular position.
9. A system according to Claim 8 including two spring mounted semi-circular brake shoes
located adjacent to said drive shaft and operative to brake the rotational inertia of said drive
prior to actuation of said angular brake shoes.
10. A system according to Claim 8 said angular brake shoes cooperating with said angular
portion of said drive shaft for locking said drive shaft at said predetermined angular position
instantly in an air accident when said helicopter is initially in flight.
11. A system according to Claim 10 said angular brake shoes and said semi-circular brake
shoes are operative with an ABS braking system.
12. A system according to Claim 10 including four auxiliary parachutes located on a top
portion of said helicopter, said auxiliary parachutes being located in spaces between propeller
blades of the propeller when said drive shaft is locked in said predetermined angular position.
13. A system according to Claim 12 including a front chamber and rear chamber located
adjacent to said drive shaft and at the top of said helicopter adapted to house two auxiliary
parachutes, each of said front chamber and rear chamber having a connection ring therein for
connecting said auxiliary parachutes to said helicopter, a left chamber and a right chamber
located at a middle body portion of said helicopter and adapted to house two additional
auxiliary parachutes, compressed air inlets provided in said front chamber, said rear chamber,
said left chamber and said right chamber and being operative to conduct compressed air into
all four chambers for ejecting said auxiliary parachutes and additional auxiliary parachutes from all four chambers,
14. A system according to Claim 1 including a container box mounted at the top end of said
drive shaft and adapted to house said main parachute.
15. A system according to Claim 14 including an inner box located within said container
box, said main parachute connected to said helicopter being housed in said inner box, said
container box being rotatable with said drive shaft and said inner box being rotatable relative
to and independent of said container box.
16. A system according to Claim 15 wherein said container includes a top cover and said
inner box also includes atop cover.
17. A system according to Claim 16 wherein said top cover of said container box is
normally locked in a closed position by a plurality of electromagnetic latches, a plurality of
explosive installations located in said container box and being operative in cooperation with
unlatching of said electromagnetic latches for opening said top cover of said container box,
said top cover of said inner box being coupled to said top cover of said container box
whereby opening of said top cover of said container box also causes opening of said top
cover of said inner box simultaneously.
18. A system according to Claim 17 wherein said inner box having a bottom member
coupled to said drive shaft, said main parachute being connected to a connection ring located
on said bottom member by a cable, and said cable connecting said main parachute to said
helicopter when said main parachute is ejected out of said helicopter.
19. A system according to Claim 18 wherein said inner box is being supported by rollers
located on top of said top cover of said inner box and below said bottom member respectively
whereby said inner box is rotatable relative to said container box.
20. A system according to Claim 3 including an opened bottom stationary cylinder located
within said hollow drive shaft, said stationary cylinder forming an ejection duct for said main
parachute located within said helicopter.
21. A system according to Claim 1 including two inflatable air bags mounted at left and
right sides respectively of a belly portion of said helicopter.
22. A system according to Claim 1 including speed reducing jets mounted at an underside
portion of said helicopter.
23. A system according to Claim 22 including fire extinguishing means located adjacent to
24. A system according to Claim 8 including a plurality of rollers mounted at corners of
said angular portion of said drive shaft.
25. A system according to Claim 21 including an air tube provided in said helicopter, said
air tube being located on the top portion of said helicopter and being operative to extend
above waves for venting fresh air into said helicopter when said helicopter falls on water.
26. A system according to Claim 11 including two angular brake shoes operative to press
against opposite sides of said angular portion of said drive shaft for ceasing said drive shaft
27. A system according to Claim 13 wherein high pressure compress air is utilized to eject
said auxiliary parachutes from said helicopter.
28. A system for safely landing a falling helicopter in an air accident as described therein
with reference to the drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number||IN/PCT/2002/01144/DEL|
|PG Journal Number||37/2008|
|Date of Filing||20-Nov-2002|
|Name of Patentee||CHIU, CHUI-WEN|
|Applicant Address||9 NORDIC PLACE, NORTH YORK, ONTARIO M3A 2H8 (CANADA).|
|PCT International Classification Number||B64D 17/80|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/CA01/00750|
|PCT International Filing date||2001-05-28|