|Title of Invention
|(57) Abstract: The present invention relates to an electrically driven toothbrush having a handle a head and a bristle holder pivotably mounted to tlie head and having a slot teat is directly engaged by a remote end of tlie shaft characterized by an integrally formed rotatable sheriff having a longitudinal central axis, extending from tlie handle to the head, which is bent away from the central axis to form the remote find so that the brush holder vibrates about its pivot when the shaft rotates and by bristle holder having a plurality of bristle receiving and retaining holes formed in and distributed around a top surface of said holder and said slot extending inwardly between an adjacent pair of said holes. PRICE: THIRTY RUPEES
The invention relates to toothbrushes.
The invention relates more particularly to electrically driven toothbrushes in which brush bristles are arranged to be moved relative to the toothbrush handle
There are many examples of such toothbrushes including the disclosure in 1939 of rotary driven bristles in USA Patent 2215031. A similar rotational drive arrangement is also shown in USA Patent 4845795. USA Patent 4156620 explains how a rotational motor drive 'is converted into reciprocal linear motion to drive the bristles rotationally clockwise and counterclockwise. USA Patent 3577579 discloses a toothbrush in which a toothbrush head is moved in relation to a brush holder so that all the bristles mounted in the brush head move together sideways and backwards and forwards relative to the holder.
The present invention is concerned with moving bristles relative to a toothbrush head to enhance the cleaning action of toothbrushes in use and has as an object to provide toothbrushes in which relative motion is achieved in a simple and effective manner.
Accordingly the present invention provides an electrically driven toothbrush having a handle, a head and a bristle holder pivotably mounted to the head and having a slot that is directly engaged by a remote end of the shaft characterized by an integrally formed rotatable shaft, having a longitudinal central axis, extending from the handle to the head, which is bent away from the central axis to form the remote end so that the brush holder vibrates about its pivot when the shaft rotates and by bristle holder having a plurality of bristle receiving and retaining holes formed in and distributed around a top surface of said holder and said slot extending inwardly between an adjacent pair of said holes.
The shaft is preferably integrally formed and its remote end is bent away from the central axis.
The bristle holder may have a slot into which the remote end of the shaft fits. The bristle holder may be mounted to rotate about an axis.
The bristle holder may be arranged to vibrate through an angle between 10° and 50°; preferably the angle is approximately 30°.
A toothbrush according to the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the accompanying drawings in which;
Figure 1 is a sectional bottom view of the toothbrush;
Figure 2 shows cross-sectional side view of part of the toothbrush;
Figure 3 is a sectional bottom view of Figure 2;
Figure 4 is an opposite side view of Figure 2; and
Figures 5, 6 and 7 are respectively the same views as Figures 2, 3 and 4 of a different toothbrush and to a different scale.
Referring to the drawings, in Figure 1 the toothbrush comprises a handle 10, a head 11, a rotatable shaft 12 extending from the handle to the head, and a bristle holder 13. The handle provides compartments for holding an electric motor 14 and two batteries 15 and 16. A shaft coupling 17 is arranged to grip one end of the shaft 12 and allow the shaft to be pulled out for cleaning or replacement as will be described below-
The head 11, as is better seen in Figure 2, supports a post 18 which provides a rotational pivot axis for the bristle holder 13. Bristles 19 are shown for illustrative purposes only in Figure 2. The shaft 12 has an integrally formed remote end 20 that is off-set from a central longitudinal axis 21 of the shaft.
The remote end 20 fits into a slot 22 (see Figure 3) formed in a side of the bristle holder 13. It will be noted that the end 20 points towards an intersection of the axis 21 and a central axis of the post 18. When the shaft 21 is rotated by the motor 14, the remote end 2 0 describes a circle about the axis 21 and drivingly engages
the slot 22 to cause the bristle holder 13 to vibrate. Thus, the holder 13 pivots or rotates forwards and backwards about the centre of the post 18. Such vibrations comprise the relative motion between the head 11 and the bristles 19 and is generally beneficial for efficient cleaning of teeth. The width of the slot 22 is preferably generally the same as the diameter of the end 20 to leave minimum play; this keeps noise to a minimum in use.
Preferably, the motor 14 runs at around 6000 rpm. Where desired, the motor can run at other speeds or be arranged to run at two or more speeds selectable by the user. Figure 1 shows a toothbrush where the holder 13 vibrates or rotates through an angle of 3 0°. In Figure 2, the angle is 35° and in Figure 5 the angle is 15°. It will therefore be appreciated that the rotational angle can be chosen by fitting different shafts 12 and that the same bristle holder can be used for all angles.
Each bristle holder 13 may be provided with more than one slot 22 so as to be better balanced or so that different slots can be used if the one slot wears or if the bristles wear unevenly in use. In other words, the holder 13 can then be set up in two or more rotational positions. The holder 13 is preferable easily removable from the head 11, by being spring clipped to the post 18 for example. Such removal allows better cleaning and storing in a hygienic
container perhaps and also enables the shaft 12 to be readily withdrawn and replaced when required.
The described shafts 12 are preferably integrally formed and shaped as shown. However, it is possible to arrange for the remote end 20 to be separately formed or provided and fixed to a straight end part of the shaft. Such a separate part can be a brush having a central axis coinciding with the axis 21 of the shaft and an off-centre driving post. The driving post then takes up the position and function of the remote end 20. Thus, the driving post and the slot 22 then form the driving engagement between the shaft and the holder 13 and so the driving post can be regarded as the remote end of the shaft.
It is also possible, but not usually so convenient, in some embodiments of the invention to arrange for the holder 13 to be handedly pivoted at one side, for example opposite the shaft. In such a case, bristles mounted nearer the hinged pivot will not actually move as much as bristles at the side next to the shaft but they will still vibrate significantly.
It will also be appreciated that whether pivoted to rotate or to hinge, the bristle holder 13 need not be circular. However, a circular holder 13 is normally preferred so that its rotational position can be changed when desired, as mentioned above.
1. An electrically driven toothbrush having a handle (10), a head
(11) and a bristle holder (13) pivotably mounted to the head and having a
slot (22) that is directly engaged by a remote end (20) of the shaft (12)
characterized by an integrally formed rotatable shaft (12) having a
longitudinal central axis, extending from the handle (10) to the head (11),
Cod which is bent away from the central axis to form the remote( ? (20) so that
the brush holder (13) vibrates about its pivot when the shaft (12) rotates and
by bristle holder (13) having a plurality of bristle receiving and retaining
holes formed in and distributed around a top surface of said holder (13) and
said slot (22) extending inwardly between an adjacent pair of said holes.
2. The electrically driven toothbrush according to claim 1,
wherein the bristle holder is arranged to vibrate through an angle between
10° and 50°.
3. The electrically driven toothbrush according to claim 2, in
which the angle is approximately 30°.
4. An electrically driven toothbrush substantially as herein
described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number
|PG Journal Number
|Date of Filing
|Name of Patentee
|5C, TAICHI COURT, 132 AUSTIN ROAD, TSIMHATSUI, KOWLOON, HONG KONG
|PCT International Classification Number
|PCT International Application Number
|PCT International Filing date