|Title of Invention||
|Abstract||j ABSTRACT | "PLATFORM" I The present invention concerns a load carrying platform formed by a blank (1, 23, 29) of cardboard or plastic and two or more loading ledges (12). The platform is formed in that the blank (1, 23, 29) is folded aroimd a horizontal and a vertical leg (13, 14) of each loading ledge (12). At least a middle foot (18) of each loading ledge (12) is received in an opening (4) of the blank (1). In some embodiments the blank has two transversal flaps (3, 19, 20), two longitudinal flaps (2) and creases (6-8,11) to facilitate folding. Fig 4|
|Full Text||5 , "
The present invention concerns a platform to be used
as a support for displaying goods in a store, showroom, for
transportation and storing of a number of relatively small
10 packages etc'.
Prior Art !
Traditional pallets used for the transport of goods
are often also used when the goods are to be displayed.
15 Some special means as a trough may be placed on the pallet j
or the .pallet may be introduced with the goods as, trans- ported or stored. In recent years loading ledges have been I
introduced as a replacement for the traditional pallet. The
loading ledges may be of' the type described in our Swedish
20 Patent Application No. 0202779-5.
Summary of the Invention
One aim of the present invention is to be able to use
the same loading ledges that are used for transportation
25 and storing when displaying goods in a store, showroom etc.
According to the present invention this is achieved, by i
combining the loading ledges with, a blank of paperboard or I
cardboard.to form a platform. Even if the blank is de- j
scribed as being made of cardboard, a person skilled in the
3 0 art realises that any material having, similarly characteristics
may be used, e.g. different foldable plastic material
such as corrugated•or flat plastic sheeting. The blank
is designed and cut to co-operate with two or more loading
ledges. The same loading ledges used for transportation or
35- storing of the goods may then be used in forming the platform'
for displaying the goods. Just folding the blank
- 2 - -
around the loading ledges in a suitable way forms the platform.
Thus, no adhesives or other means are needed to hold
the loading ledges and the blank together as one unit.
Depending on the intended use and strength needed the
5 blank may be given different designs. By using existing
loading ledges together with a blank of cardboard the costs
for manufacture and storing may be kept relatively low.
Furthermore, the platform may be assembled quickly and easily-
10 According to one aspect of the present invention the
platform is load-bearing or load carrying, having both
.transversal and longitudinal flaps folded around the load- I
ing ledges. By folding the blank onto itself there will be
two layers of cardboard, at least in parts of a support
15 surface. The support surface .is formed between the vertical
legs of the loading ledges. Adjusting the length of the
parts where the cardboard is double may be used to control
the bearing strength. A person skilled in the art realises
that the platform according to the invention may be used to
20 support anything, as long as the bearing strength of the
platform is sufficient. The platform has a low weight and
yet relatively good bearing capacity and strength.
According to another aspect of the present invention
the platform is not load carrying in itself. One main func- i
25 tion of the blank in this case is to be a distance element
or spacer. The length of the blank is adapted to the dimensions
of the package or the like holding the goods to be
displayed. These kinds of platforms are normally fixed to
the bottom of the packages or the like by a tape or other
3 0 adhesive.
In many instances the platforms, irrespective of
type,'are used also during transportation from the manufacturer
and in storing. 'In this way. there is no need for any
reloading. The platform of the present invention may also
3 5 be used as a basis for a number of small packages, having a
size not making them suitable -to use with loading ledges on
their own. Thus, in such a case the platform could replace
a possible plate otherwise placed between two loading
5 The exact form of the loading ledges is of no importance
for the present invention, as long as the blank is
adapted to the actual form of the loading ledges.
• Further objects and advantages of the present invention
will be obvious to a person skilled in the art when
10 reading the detailed description below of preferred embodi- ments. •'
Brief Description of the Drawings
The invention will be described further below with
15 reference to the enclosed drawings. In the drawings:
Fig. 1 is a plan view of a blank for a platform ac-
• cording to the present invention;
Fig. 2 is a perspective view of the blank of Fig. 1
folded in the way it will be folded, to form the platform,
2 0 but shown without the loading ledges for clarity;
Fig. 3 is a perspective view of one example of a
loading ledge possible to use with the blank of Figs. 1 and
Fig. 4 is a perspective view of a platform according
25 to the present invention formed of the blank of Figs. 1 and i
2 and two loading ledges according to Fig. 3;
Fig. 5 is a .perspective corresponding to Fig. 2 of a
further embodiment of a blank according to the present invention;
• • !
3 0 Fig. 6 is a perspective view of a further embodiment
of a blank according to the present invention;
Fig. 7 is a plan view corresponding to Fig. 1 of a
blank according to yet a further embodiment of the present
Fig. 8 is a perspective view of a platform formed by
the blank of Fig. 7 and two loading ledges according to
Fig. 3; • • .
Fig. 9 is a plan view of a blank according to a fur-
5 .ther embodiment of the present invention; and
Fig. 10 is a perspective of a platform formed by the
blank of Fig. 9 and without the loading ledges for clarity.
Detailed Description of Preferred Embodiments
10 As used in this description the term "longitudinal"
is the direction of the main extension of the loading
ledges when the platform is formed. The term "transversal"
f is used correspondingly for the perpendicular direction to
"longitudinal". As used in this description the terms
15 "horizontal", "vertical" and corresponding expressions are i
in view of direction as shown in the enclosed drawings,
which coincide with the directions in normal use. I
The same reference numbers are used in the drawings I
for parts that are identical in the various embodiments '
2 0 shown.
...An example of a blank 1 for a platform according to i
the present invention and a platform formed from the blank I
are shown in Figs. 1 and 2, respectively. However, it
j should be noted that the platform is not intended for use
25 on its own, but to be used with two loading ledges or the
like as explained further below. The blank 1 is often made
of cardboard or paperboard, i.e. corrugated paper. As indicated
above, in other embodiments the blank is made of
other materials, such as a corrugated or flat plastic sheet
30 having some degree of stiffness. The shown blank 1 has two
longitudinal flaps 2 and two-transversal flaps 3. Inside
the flaps 2 , 3 a rectangular centre of the platform is
formed. The longitudinal flaps 2 are arranged at the longer
sides of the blank 1 and opposite each other. The' transversal
flaps 3 are arranged at the shorter sides of the blank
1 and'opposite each other.
In the middle of each longitudinal flap 2 and adjacent
the centre of the platform a rectangular opening 4 is
5 formed. At the outer ends of the longitudinal flaps 2 a . |
number of fingers 5 are formed. In the shown embodiment
four-fingers 5 are arranged at each flap 2 but the number
and form of the fingers 5 may vary, depending on the design |
of the loading ledges or the like to be.used with the plat-
10 form. . i
Each longitudinal flap 2 has'two longitudinal creases
6, 7, extending along the total length of the flaps 2. One ,
crease 6 is arranged adjacent the rectangular opening 4 of
each longitudinal flap 2. The crease 6 is arranged in such
15 a position that the opening'4 is placed between said crease-
6 and the centre of the platform. The other of the longitudinal
creases 7 is a double crease placed closer to the.
outer end of the flap 2. The crease 7 is do^uble in that
sense that the outer end of the flap 2 is to be folded onto
20 itself, with a part of a loading-ledge 12 in-between.
The transversal flaps 3 have a crease 8 each extending
parallel with the short ends of the centre 'of the platform
and along the whole of the transversal flap 3. The
crease 8 is arranged about the middle of-each transversal
25 flap 3 as shown. The length of the loading ledges 12 dictates
the position of the crease 8.' The short end of the
horizontal leg 14 of each loading ledge 12 is to be received
"at the crease 8 when the transversal flap 3 is
folded over. The crease 8 is double in that sense that each
30 transversal flap 3 is to be folded onto itself, with a part
of a loading ledge 12 in-between. The extension of the
- transversal flaps 3 may be varied, depending on the desired
stability of the platform formed! This is discussed further
below in connection with the embodiments of Figs. 5 and 6.
• The outer end 9 of each transversal flap 3 is less
extended in the transversal direction than the rest of the
flap 3. Two opposite slits 10 are arranged between the
outer end-9 of each transversal flap 3 and the rest of the
5 .flap 3. The length of each slit 10 depends on the. dimen- •
sions of the loading, ledges to be used. A crease 11 is arranged
between the inner ends of each slit 10 and the free
end of the outer end 9. The parts of the outer ends 9 outside
each crease 11 are to be bent down under a loading
10 ledge, when the platform is formed.
In Fig. 3 one example of a loading ledge 12 is shown,
which loading ledge' 12 may be used with the blank of Figs.
1 and 2 to form a platform. As indicated in fig. 4 one
blank 1 and two loading ledges 12 normally form the plat-
15 form. :
The loading ledges 12 have one vertical leg 13 and
one horizontal leg 14. In the vertical leg 13 a number of
holes 15 are arranged, originally to reduce the weight of
the loading ledge 12. Furthermore, locking elements 16 for
2 0 straps or the like are arranged on the vertical leg 13. On
the lower side of the horizontal leg three feet 17, 18 are.
arranged. The feet 17, 18 are furnished to enable handling I
•by normal handling equipment, such as different types of |
lift trucks. Two of the feet 17 are placed at the ends of
25 the horizontal leg 14 and have a smaller longitudinal extent
than the third foot 18 placed in the middle of the
horizontal .leg 14.
In use the central foot 18 of a loading ledge 12 is
placed in each of the rectangular openings 4 of the longi-
3 0 tudinal flaps 2, The feet 17 at the ends of the loading
ledges 12 are normally placed adjacent the edges of the
longitudinal flaps 2. In other embodiments also the feet 17
at the ends are received in openings in the blank. The
outer part of the longitudinal flaps 2 is folded over the
3 5 outer end of the vertical leg 13 of the loading ledge 12 at
the crease 7. The fingers 5 at the outer end of the flap 2
are placed in suitable holes 15 of the loading ledge 12. In
other embodiments the fingers 5 "of the flaps 2 are received
in holes formed at the locking elements 16. Thus, each flap
5 2 is held at a loading ledge 12 by co-operation between the
fingers and the holes 15 of the horizontal leg 13 or the
holes at the locking elements 16. With one loading ledge 12 i
on each side the transversal flaps 3 are folded at the
crease 8 and the parts of the outer part 9 of the transver-
10 sal flaps 3 outside the creases 11 are pushed down under
the horizontal leg 14 of each loading ledge 12. Thus, a
platform is formed comprising one blank 1 and two loading
ledges 12. A support surface is formed between the vertical
legs 13,of the two loading ledges 12. The dimensions of the
15 blank 2 may be adapted to the intended use, i.e.' the size
of the package, container etc. to be used when displaying
As indicated in.the Figs. 5 and 6 the length of the
transversal flaps 19, 2 0 may vary. In the embodiments of
20 Figs. 5 and 6 the length of each transversal flaps 19, 2 0
is such that the ends of the flaps 19, 20 will be placed
adjacent each other when folded to form the platform. In
the embodiment of Fig. 5 a tab 21 is formed at one end of
one of the transversal flaps 20. Said tab 21 is to be re-
2 5 ceived in a groove 22 formed in the other transversal flap
20, when the platform is formed. In the embodiment of Fig.
5 the end of the flap.2 0 has the same width as the rest of
the flap. Thus, no part of the transversal flap 20 is to be
placed under the'horizontal legs 14 of the loading ledges
3 0 12. In another embodiment (not shown), the embodiments of
Figs. 5 and 6 are combined. Thus, a tab 21 and a groove 22
. are formed as in Fig. 5 while the rest of the.flaps correspond
to the form-as shown in Fig. 6. In this latter embodiment
the flaps are held down both by the co-operation
between'the tab 21 and the groove 22 as well as by parts of
the flaps being placed under the loading ledges 12.
By means of the flaps 19, 2 0 having ends placed adjacent
each other in the finished platform-there will be-two
5 layers of cardboard over the total support surface. Double
cardboard means that the bearing strength is increased compared
to the other embodiments having shorter transversal
flaps 3. Thus, the length of the transversal flaps 19, 2 0
influence the bearing strength of the platform to some ex-
The main difference between the blank 23 of Fig. 7
and the previously discussed blanks is that the blank 23 of
Fig. 7 has no transversal flaps. It does have two longitudinal
flaps 2 4 and two openings 25, for receiving a middle
15 foot 18 of a loading ledge 12 each. Furthermore, it has
fingers 2 6 at the outer, free ends of the transversal flaps
.24. The fingers 2 6 are to be received in holes at the locking
elements 16 of the vertical legs 13 of the loading
ledges 12.. A person skilled in the art realises that the
2 0 fingers 2 6 as an alternative may be received in the holes
15 of the vertical leg 13 of a loading ledge 12. The posi- ,
tion of the fingers 26 'is adjusted depending on in which
openings or holes 15 they are to be received. Furthermore,
the blank 23 has creases 27, 28 to enable the blank to be
25 folded around two loading ledges 12. One crease 27 is
placed adjacent each opening 25, for receiving a foot 18 of
the loading ledge 12, at each end of the blank 23. Said
crease 27 is to be positioned adjacent the outer corner between
the. vertical and horizontal legs 13, 14 of respective
. 30 loading ledge 12. The other crease 28 is double and the upper
end of the vertical leg 13 of respective loading ledge
is received at said crease 28 when the platform is formed.
Each longitudinal flap 2 4 is to be folded onto itself with
the vertical leg 13 of a loading ledge 12 in-between at
35 said other crease 28.
By using the blank 23 of Fig. 7 with two loading .
ledges 12 a platform as shown in Fig. 8 may be formed. The
platform is formed in that one loading ledge 12 is placed
with the middle foot 18 in each opening 25 of the blank 23.
5 Each long side of the, blank'23 is placed adjacent outer |
feet 17 of the loading ledges 12. Each longitudinal flap 24
is folded around the outside of each loading ledge 12 and
the fingers 26 at the outer ends of the blank 23 are inserted
from the inside in- suitable holes 15 or at the lock-
10 ing elements 16. Thus, the blank 2.3 is held at the loading
ledges 12 by means of the folding, by co-operation between
the openings 25 of the blank 23 and the middle feet 18 of
the loading ledges 12, and by co-operation between the fingers
2 6 of the blank-23 and holes 15 or openings of the
15 vertical leg 13 of each"loading ledge 12.
In use the platform of Fig. 8 is often fixed to the
bottom of a package or the like holding the goods to be
stored. The fixation may be in form of a tape or other adhesive.
Hereby the package is used in stabilising the plat-
2 0 form.
As an alternative the blank of Figs. 7 and 8 may be
furnished with transversal flaps to be folded into two !
sides of a trough. The folding of the transversal flaps I
would then correspond to the folding of the transversal |
25 flaps as discussed in connection with Figs. 9 and 10 below.
In an alternative embodiment (not shown) two' or more
loading ledges are placed side by side on each side of the
package or the like to be received. In such a case the
blank is made broader and openings are provided in the
3 0 blank for all feet of the loading ledges, except possibly i
the outer feet at each end. The principles regarding folding
etc. are the same as described above with one loading
ledge at each side.
In the embodiment-'of Figs. 9 and 10 the platform has
the form of a trough, which may be useful if several
smaller packages are received.
• The blank 29 has two longitudinal flaps 3 0 and two
5 transversal flaps 31. In addition to an opening 32 for each
foot 18 in the middle of each loading ledge 12 it also has
openings 33 for the feet 17 at the ends Of each loading
ledge 12. The longitudinal flaps 30 are furnished with end
flaps 34 at each end having a length corresponding to the
10 length of the transversal flaps 31. A crease 35.is arranged
between each longitudinal flap 3 0 and the centre part of
the'blank 29. A crease 36 is placed between each longitudinal
flap 30 and the end flaps 34.
Each transversal flap 31 has three creases, a first
15 crease 37, between the flap 31 and the centre part of the
blank 29, a second crease 38, being a double crease somewhere
in the middle between the first crease 37 and a third
crease 39, which third crease is placed at the same distance
from the second crease 3 8 as the second crease 3 8 is
20 placed from the first crease 37. At the first crease two
notches 40 are formed for co-operation with two tabs 41
placed at the third crease 39.
The platform is formed in that the blank 29 is folded
around two loading ledges 12. Each loading ledge 12 is
25 placed with its feet 17, 18 in the appropriate openings 32,
33 of the blank 29. Then each longitudinal flap 30 is
folded up against the horizontal leg 14 of the respective
loading ledge 12. The end flap 34 of each longitudinal flap
30 is folded in such a way that it is placed along the
3 0 first crease 37 between the respective transversal flap 3
and the centre part of the blank 29. With the end flaps 34
placed along the first crease line 3 7 the transversal flap
' 31 is folded around the end flaps 34. The part between the
second and third creases 38, 39 is folded onto the part be-
35 tween the first and second creases 37, 38 and these parts
are placed in a vertical position. The tabs 41 at the third
crease 39 are at the same time placed in the notches 40 at
the first crease 3 6 with' the outer, free end of each transversal
flap 31 directed inwardly at the bottom of the
5 trough formed. By altering the length of the outer part of
the transversal flaps 31 the area having double layers at
the centre of the platform may be adjusted, depending on
demands and requirements.
In yet a further embodiment (not shown) the platform
10 is furnished with loading ledges on all four sides of the
platform formed. The design of the blank has to be adapted
to the intended use but the same principles apply. Thus,
the blank is to be folded around the loading ledges in some
way or other. ^ ,
15 A person skilled in the art realises that the separate
parts of the embodiments described may be combined in
many different ways. From the above it is further obvious
that by using a blank and folding it around two or more
loading ledges a number of different designs may be
2. longitudinal flap
3. transversal flap
5 5. finger
9. end of transversal flap
2 0 20.transversal flap
25 25.opening ^ •
3 0 30.longitudinal flap
1. A platform characterized in that it is formed of a blank (1, 23, 29) and loading ledges (12),
comprising a vertical leg (13) and a horizontal leg (14), which blank is folded around the legs
(13, 14) of the loading ledges (12) and that the blank has at least two openings (4, 25, 32)
receiving a central foot (18) of a loading ledge (12) in each opening (4,25, 32).
2. The platform as claimed in claim 1, wherein the blank (1, 23, 29) has two longitudinal flaps
(2, 24, 30), a central rectangular part, creases (6-8,11, 27,28, 35-39) for folding of the blank in a
suitable way depending on the form of the loading ledges (12) used, and that two loading ledges
(12) are used.
3. The platform as claimed in claim 2, wherein a crease (7, 28) is arranged in a position
coinciding with the upper edge of the vertical legs (13) of each loading ledge (12), that the
longitudinal flaps (2, 24) are to be folded around the vertical leg (13) and that the longitudinal
flaps (2,24) have means to attach the flaps (2, 24) to respective loading ledge (12).
4. The platform as claimed in claim 3, wherein the attaching means are four fingers (5, 26)
projecting from the longitudinal side of each flap (2, 24) and which fingers (5, 26) are to cooperate
with holes (15) on a vertical leg (13) of each loading ledge (12)
5. The platform as claimed in claim 2, wherein two feet (17) at the ends of the horizontal leg
(14) of each loading ledge (12) is to be placed just outside the transversal side of each
longitudinal flap (2,24).
6. The platform as claimed in claim 2, wherein the blank fiirther has two transversal flaps (3,19,
20, 31) that a support surface is formed between the vertical legs (13) of the loading ledges (12),
that the blank (1, 29) is placed in double layers of at least parts of the support surface and that
the platform is load carrying.
7. The platform as claimed in claim 6, wherein the transversal flaps (3, 19, 20, 31) have creases
(8, 37) placed to be positioned at the short ends of the horizontal leg (14) of each loading ledge
(12) whereby the part of the transversal flaps (3, 15, 20) outside the creases (8) are to be folded
8. The platform as claimed in claim 6 or 7, wherein the transversal extent of an outer end (9) of
the transversal flap (3, 19) is smaller than the rest of the flap (3, 19), that a crease (11) is formed
at each side of the outer end (9) of each transversal flap (3, 19), which crease is arranged
between the inner end of a slit (10) and the free end of the outer end (9) and that the parts of the
outer ends (9) of the transversal flaps (3, 19) placed outside the creases (11) are to be placed
under the horizontal leg (14) of each loading ledge (12) when the platform is formed.
9. The platform as claimed in claim 8, wherein the outer ends of the transversal flaps (19, 20)
are placed adjacent each other when the platform has been formed.
10. The platform as claimed in claim 9, wherein a tab (21) is formed at the end of one of the
transversal flaps (20), which tab (21) is to be received in a groove (22) in the other flap (20).
11. The platform as claimed in claim 6, wherein it has the form of a trough.
12. The platform of claim 11, characterized in that each longitudinal flap (30) has an end flap
(34), to be received inside the folded transversal flap (31) at each side and that the longitudinal
flap (30) is folded against the backside of a vertical leg (13) of respective loading ledge
13. The platform as claimed in claim 12, wherein the outer part of each transversal flap (31) is
received at the bottom of the centre of the platform formed.
14. The platform as claimed in claim 13, wherein tabs (41) are formed on the transversal flaps
(31) to be received in notches (40) placed at a crease (37) between the transversal flap (31) and
the centre of the platform.
15. The platform as claimed in claim 2, wherein the blank (29) has openings (32, 33) for
receiving all the feet (17, 18) of the loading ledges (12).
16. The platform as claimed in claim 2, 3 or 4, wherein at the blank (23) forms a single layer in
the area between the loading ledges (12) when the platform is formed and that the blank (23) is
fixed by means of tape or other adhesive to the package or the like received on the platform.
17. The platform as claimed in claim 2, wherein the blank (1, 23,29) is made of cardboard.
18. The platform as claimed in claim 2, wherein the blank (1, 23, 29) is made of a corrugated or
flat plastic sheet.
Dated this 12/10/2006
OF REMFRY & SAGAR
ATTORNEY FOR THE APPLICANTS
|Indian Patent Application Number||5948/DELNP/2006|
|PG Journal Number||12/2014|
|Date of Filing||12-Oct-2006|
|Name of Patentee||INTER IKEA SYSTEMS B.V.|
|Applicant Address||OF OLOF PALMESTRAAT 1,NL 2616 LN DELFT,THE NETHERLAND|
|PCT International Classification Number||B65D 71/00|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/SE05/000609|
|PCT International Filing date||2005-04-27|