|Title of Invention||
|Abstract||A long and narrow loudspeaker on an entire wall gives off a cylindrical wave, which covers the entire room. Extra loudspeakers fixed at an angle against the wall will be heard in another direction, producing angle stereo independent of where one is in the room. Electro-dynamic loudspeakers are made of long plates of iron with air gapes between them where magnetic fields are produced. In the air gaps are strips, which conduct the sound currents. The strips influence directly one or more membranes. The magnetic field can be produced by permanent magnets, electromagnets or through concentration of geomagnetic fields. Long loudspeakers, which use other forces such as electrostatic forces, only need to be made for small sound pressure at the membrane.|
|Full Text|| FORM 2
THE PATENT ACT 1970
(39 of 1970)
The Patents Rules, 2003
(See section 10 and rule 13)
1. SOUND SYSTEM
2. (A) HOGLUND, Lenhart
(C) Blastadsgatan 126,
S-589 23 Linkoping,
The following specification particularly describes the invention and the manner in which it is to be performed.
Too much sound produced today cause damage to the ear. In the ear there are muscles which can be tired. Therefore, after a period of exposure, injures may arise from reasonable high sound levels.
The aim is to produce a sound system which with high quality only give off the sound level needed at all places in the whole space intended.
A long and narrow loudspeaker along a whole wall has the following advantages:
The listeners closest to the sound system are all exposed to the same sound levels.
No or only insignificant reflections arise from the side walls if the room has right angles
in the corners.
The sound pressure drops relatively slowly so that listeners at distance from the
loudspeaker maintains a good sound level without the nearest listeners having to be
exposed to painfully high levels.
A section of the loudspeaker only needs to deliver sound to a slice of air in front of the
section, which means that the membrane only needs to deliver relatively low sound
pressures, which imply small amplitudes.
The air retains its linear properties, so distortion caused by high sound pressure does
not occur. The sound coil movement gets small amplitude, so that the distortion in the
driving system will be low.
If one want to further improve the propagation of the sound, it can be relatively easily reflected and bent because the material for this will have cylindrical surfaces. Driving systems with reduced force may be used e. g. reduced magnetic field in electro-dynamic driving system. Even geomagnetic fields may be used if they are at first concentrated.
Short description of the figures.
Fig. 1 shows three horizontally placed long and narrow loudspeakers on a wall, which produce angle stereo in the entire room.
Fig. 2 shows a side-view of an example of a horizontally placed long and narrow
loudspeaker composed of a number of membranes which together form a half cylinder
and a speaker with only one membrane.
Fig. 3 shows how a long loudspeaker is made of flux catchers of iron plates, which
catch geomagnetic fields and via flux conductors distribute the field across long
membranes, which conduct the sound current.
Fig. 4 shows how long, narrow and bent loudspeakers placed along and across walls in
a winding passage give winding phase front but yet smooth, sound level, which reduce
strong and unnecessary scattering
Fig. 5 shows how an anisotropic prism redirects sound.
Fig. 1 shows a long, narrow loudspeaker 1 on a wall. The loudspeaker follows the wall and gives off the sound in a straight forward direction. The loudspeaker 2 has the left end moved forward, causing the sound to be somewhat directed to the right. This gives a stereo sound with two distinct directions as to where the sound is coming from and is much more independent of ones location in the room than would be expected using concentrated loudspeakers.
If the loudspeakers encroach on the space one can mount loudspeaker elements 3, 4, 5 and 6 directed in the same angle but in a row against the wall. These elements are in themselves long and narrow loudspeakers, which means that the membrane is long and narrow. The sound is delayed between the loudspeaker elements with e. g. an electronic delay 7 between them, so that the wave front is straight but directed obliquely forward. The signal enters the first element by an amplifier 8 and to every element there are suitable amplifiers 9. Between the elements there is a partition wall 10. All the listeners 11,12 and 13 now receive a sound source coming from the right. In order to more exactly adapt the waves between the elements they can be made with different widths.
It is quite easy to increase the distribution of sound from a long and narrow loudspeaker, even to the extent that it becomes circular, which is shown in Fig. 2 as a cross-section.
There are at first long parallel membranes 16, which direct the sound respectively in their own direction. A long preferable permanent magnet 17 feed its flux from its own long side, which lies against the one side on an equally long flux distributing rod 18, to the middle line on an oblique made thin side of a long plate 19. Half the flux goes via one slanting edge and an air gap 20 to a similar long plate in a similar position, but slightly rotated, forming an air gap of uniform width. The magnetic field goes out through the other slanting edge and passes a similar air gap to a profiled long plate 22 also with slanting edges. The other slanting edge of the profiled long plate 22 faces in the same direction as the others side of the flux distributing rod 18, making it possible for the square rods 23 to pass, without air gaps, the magnetic field to that side and close the magnetic field.
Even the other slanting edge of the long plate 19 on the permanent magnet has a similar magnetic circuit, whose magnetic field is fed back via the other ends of the square rods 23.
In the air gaps there are conductors formed as T-profiles 24 with slits in the roof of the T, in order to prevent current from passing there. The roof of the T-profiles are fastened to the membranes 16, whose edges with elastic strips 25 are affixed in supports on the outside of the long plate 19. The outermost strips 27 are affixed in nonmagnetic struts 28 on the ends of the square rods 23.
The sound currents are fed into the upper conductors and return through the lower conductors.
The permanent magnets can be placed anywhere in the magnetic circuits e. g. two permanent magnets 31 and 32 in the square rods or an permanent magnet 33 in the long plates 19 with bevelled sides.
The magnetic flux can also be obtained by an electric current, which goes in a coil, which goes longitudinally around the profiled flux distributing rod 18, and has the cross section 34 and 35.
The construction principle is flexible, so that a round propagating loudspeaker, which e. g. can go from floor to ceiling, is illustrated by an arch 29, which is joined to a ring, on which many long plates with bevelled sides are fixed. How the construction is continued may be easily perceived and continues in the upper part 36, but is broken by an example of a simple element, which will be described later. In the round propagating loudspeaker the permanent magnets 37 can be placed in the long plate 19 or a form of torus coil can be used going from the center with the cross-section 38 and back into the supports with the cross-section 39. The sound currents then goes through the conductors and returns in the long plate 19.
The membranes can be made stiff by building them as trusses. The membrane 16 can be made bent by placing a beam 40 outside the center line and a further plate 41 upon and fixed to the longitudinal edges of the plates. It may also be placed ribs 42 between the plates.
The mentioned simple loudspeaker has a permanent magnet 43, which forces the magnetic field across into an iron rod 44 and out into two parallel air gaps at the sides. In the air gaps there are conductors of L-profiles 45 and 46 with slits in the joins to a plane membrane 47. The magnetic field returns with the mentioned iron structure, which let the sound waves pass. Many loudspeakers can form a cylinder.
A long and narrow loudspeaker, which uses the geomagnetic field will be effective because the magnetic field can be concentrated. Furthermore, the sound pressure can be amplified by a cylindrical exponential horn.
In detail the loud speaker can be made e. g. as on Fig. 3. The earth's magnetic field 51 is caught by a first flux catcher 52, which consists of an iron plate. The flux conductor 54 conveys the magnetic field to flux plates 55 and 56 where the flux conductor is of decreasing thickness. The magnet field passes air gaps 57 and 58 in which horizontal membranes 59 and 60 are placed and reaches the flux plates 61 and 62. There the flux goes over to flux conductors 63 and 64 so that in junction 65 they combine and head towards the flux conductor 66. This goes to a second flux catcher 67 from which the magnetic field 68 exits. The membranes are fed with longitudinal sound currents. The flux catcher can be placed on walls, roofs, masts, in the ground, in wells and mining holes.
This loudspeaker can above all be used where flux unintentionally has arisen. Railway rails in combination with steel roofs over platforms provide the possibility to give the travelers information, which they interpret as coming from an accompanying guide. Also natural flux catchers like ore are usable.
One method to combine sound in a broad corridor with both curves and straights is shown in Fig. 4. The corridor begins lowest down with a straight part 70, where a cylindrical, parabolic reflector 71 is placed on the left wall with a straight loudspeaker 72 in the focus line. Where the corridor turns to the right 73 there is a long bent loudspeaker 74 built of weakly bent or straight loudspeaker element. A straight loudspeaker would produce a sound level, which decreases with distance. The bending focuses the sound, giving a constant sound level at least within a certain range, which better fits with the plain wave in the earlier part 70, but also to the next part 75, which is straight and has a cylindrical, parabolic reflector 76 and a long loudspeaker 77 to the left.
The next part 78 has a curve to the left. There situated to the left is a long forward bent loudspeaker 79 with e. g. a quarter of a circle rounded membrane 80 and concentrates
the sound a distance out from the opposite bent wall, making the sound level almost constant.
The almost constant sound level fits to the plane wave in the straight part 75, but also
to the last part 81, which is straight and has a cylindrical, parabolic reflector 82 and a straight loudspeaker 83 to the left.
Sound can in principal be focused through a prism where the material is within special cylinders with arces as generatrixes. The aim can also be to guide away sound e. g. if it is disturbing. Then the cross-section of the prism can be triangular. The acoustic lens can be made of cellular plastic. This is an isotropic material. An acoustic lens where the material is anisotropic, guides the sound better in the desired direction as opposed to perpendicular to it, as shown in Fig. 5. As seen from the perspective of the loudspeaker, It is built of a large convex cylindrical membrane 93, which receives the sound waves from a long and narrow loudspeaker 94 and guides the sound forward by sound conductors 95 of e. g. plates, rods, tubes, grinders or beams to a concave cylindrical membrane 96. Because the sound conductors are longer against the edges of the membrane and the sound velocity in those are higher than in the air, the wave front will be changed from cylindrical to e. g. plain when it propagates out in the air.
It is not possible to prevent the sound from also reflecting from the acoustic lens. If there is a wall behind the loudspeaker it may be necessary to provide it with sound damping material 97. Separately carried sound damping material 98 in the cells between the membranes can be an advantage.
1. A sound system for rooms comprising one or more long and narrow loudspeakers with membranes essentially along its entire length, extending between limits, which in the room are essentially from wall to wall or floor to ceiling and that the sound is improved by prisms and cylindrical mirrors and lenses.
2. A sound system according to claim 1 characterized by the fact that the
room is a large space, which is covered by essentially cylindrical waves from one or many long and narrow loudspeakers, at which the room is limited of the wave itself, gables on the loudspeaker system, scenes left side to right side, arenas border, narrowing and expanding rooms at which the loudspeakers are bent, but which also are without real limitations in the length direction of the loudspeakers by going in closed rings.
3. A sound system according to claim 1 characterized by loudspeakers in composed rooms are made long and inwardly bent so that they, together with straight loudspeakers, produce sound which within reasonable claims have continuous phase fronts.
4. A sound system according to claim 1 wherein the loudspeakers sit essentially in the line of focus behind an acoustic lens of a first membrane, which receives the sound waves and guides the sound to a second membrane by sound conductors of plates, rods, tubes, trusses, or beams and that the space in between contains separately carried sound damping material.
5. A sound system according to claim 4 characterized by lenses and prisms with the same building technology redirect sound and attenuate and redirect noise.
6. A sound system according to claim 1 characterized by a long and narrow loudspeaker from wall to wall is approximately produced by a row of loudspeaker elements with a membrane along its entire length have their fronts rotated the same
angle and are fed with signals delayed i steps, which correspond to the time for a wave to go between the end of one element to the end of the next element, creating a straight wave front from the complete loudspeaker system
and an improvement is created by giving the loudspeaker elements the same acoustic axle in their cylindrical waves by giving the elements a width, which increases with their distance from the axis
and a further improvement is created by giving the membrane of the loudspeaker elements the form of a part of a cylindrical surface, which fits closely to the desired same acoustic axle in their cylindrical wave.
7. A sound according to claim 1 wherin the system further comprises an
electrodynamic loudspeaker having a long perpendicularly magnetized permanent
magnet lying with its one pole along a center line on a bottom plate and the other
pole along a center line of a square rod with air gaps from its opposite sides towards
which lie on the edges of the bottom plate, which is fixed at a back plane with holes and gables, which reach up to and is flexibly fixed at the edges of a membrane,
whose center line is provided with two flat conductors, which have slits, which create fingers on there upper edges, which are fixed at the membrane and to which conductors are protruded into the air gap with their lower edges.
8. A sound system according to claim 1 wherein the system further comprises a
loudspeaker having a magnetic circuit, which forces a flux across a number of plates
with slanted edges, whose edges transfer the magnetic field by plane air gaps to
each other and make a cylinder with an arch formed generatrix, whose cylinder
edges close the magnetic field by a structure of iron and has got its magnetic field in
a known way;
conductors of strips with the one edge lying in the air gaps and the other edge provided with fingers made by slits in order to prevent sound current from going outside the air gap;
and long membrane structures, which are fixed to the strips by the fingers and which structures consists of bent plates with beams in between and ribs of light material.
9. A sound system according to claim 1 wherein the system further comprises a
loudspeaker having a long membrane, with sound currents along it, that is driving a
long acoustic impedance adapter having two long borders with exponentially bent
cross-section, the long membrane lying in a magnetic field between two long
ferromagnetic plates, which from the outside is fed with magnetic field by flux
conductors preferably of bundles of strips of transformer plates from flux catchers of
iron, such as plates with radial strips, roofs, masts, bridges for overhead contact
wires, cableways and ore, which take up the geomagnetic field like the earth's
10. A sound system according to claim 1 wherein the loudspeakers and the
loudspeaker elements are approximated as long and narrow by using a row of
11. A Sound System as claimed substantially as herein described with forgoing
description and figures.
Dr. Rajeshkumar H. Ac nary a Advocate & Patent Agent For and on Behalf of Applicant
Dated this 22nd day of December 2006.
A long and narrow loudspeaker on an entire wall gives off a cylindrical wave, which covers the entire room. Extra loudspeakers fixed at an angle against the wall will be heard in another direction, producing angle stereo independent of where one is in the room. Electro-dynamic loudspeakers are made of long plates of iron with air gapes between them where magnetic fields are produced. In the air gaps are strips, which conduct the sound currents. The strips influence directly one or more membranes. The magnetic field can be produced by permanent magnets, electromagnets or through concentration of geomagnetic fields. Long loudspeakers, which use other forces such as electrostatic forces, only need to be made for small sound pressure at the membrane.
|Indian Patent Application Number||1612/MUMNP/2006|
|PG Journal Number||08/2014|
|Date of Filing||26-Dec-2006|
|Name of Patentee||HOGLUND, Lennart|
|Applicant Address||Blastadsgatan 126, S-589 23 Linkoping,|
|PCT International Classification Number||H04R1/40|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/SE2005/000772|
|PCT International Filing date||2005-05-25|