|Title of Invention||
"A FLUE GAS PURIFICATION DEVICE"
|Abstract||This invention relates to a flue gas purification device comprising a receptacle, which has a scrubbing liquid sump comprising of oxidation device for introducing oxygen, wherein the introduction of oxygen is realized by at least one plate aerator.|
|Full Text||Flue gas purification device having an improved oxidation device in the scrubbing
The present invention relates to a flue gas purification device, in particular for purifying flue gas of a coal power station or the like.
Purification devices are already known. Normally they comprise a scrubbing column having scrubbing liquid nozzles, which are often arranged on several levels, a scrubbing liquid sump, in which scrubbing liquid is collected, and an absorption zone, which extends inside a cylindric receptacle of the scrubbing column from the scrubbing liquid sump towards the upper scrubbing liquid nozzle level. Flue gas Is introduced into a lower section of the absorption zone in the scrubbing column, flows substantially vertically upwards from there and leaves the scrubbing column through an outlet provided above the scrubbing liquid nozzles. On its way through the scrubbing column, the flue gas gets into contact with scrubbing liquid emerging from the scrubbing liquid nozzles and is desulfurized, which is described in the following. Such a purification device is for example known from DE-A-100 58 548.
The scrubbing liquid preferably contains, apart from water, alkaline earths, which react with the sulphur oxides present in the flue gas and the sulphur oxides generated in the scrubbing column. Lime in form of calcium oxide, calcium hydroxide, calcium carbonate or the like is in particular used.
The alkaline earths react with the sulphur oxides present in the flue gas essentially to calcium sulphate, which is bound in tine scrubbing liquid. In this manner, the flue gas is purified from the undesirable sulphur oxides and flows out of the purification device afterwards. However, the scrubbing liquid containing the calcium sulphate particles, which are kept floating in this one, flows into the scrubbing liquid sump and Is collected there.
Calcium sulphate has similar positive properties as natural gypsum. It is thus a desired by-product of the flue gas purification process, which is won from the scrubbing liquid collected in the scrubbing liquid sump. The calcium sulphate particles are removed together with the scrubbing liquid from the scrubbing liquid sump and are then extracted from the scrubbing liquid in a subsequent process. The calcium sulphate can then be further processed to materials, in particular construction materials.
A problem in the winning of calcium sulphate is that not only calcium sulphate is
generated by the reaction of the scrubbing liquid with the flue gas, but also undesirable by-products, such as for example sulphites, in particular calcium sulphite, which render the calcium sulphate impure and thus worsen the quality of the by-product.
In order to reduce the portion of these undesirable sulphites in the scrubbing liquid present in the scrubbing liquid sump, it is proposed in US-A-4 539 184 to introduce oxygen in form of air or the like into at least one zone of the scrubbing liquid sump, in order to oxidize calcium sulphites, which are present there, to calcium sulphate.
CA-A-2 135 430 also describes a flue gas purification device comprising an oxidation device, which is provided in the scrubbing liquid sump and which has the form of a horizontally arranged grid, which is composed of oxygen supply pipes having corresponding openings, via which the oxygen can be introduced into the scrubbing liquid collected in said scrubbing liquid sump. The horizontal grid is positioned in said scrubbing liquid sump, such that this one is divided into two zones.
It is an object of the present invention to improve the oxidation process in the scrubbing liquid sump.
According to the present invention, this aim is a c h i e v e d by a flue gas purification device according to claim 1 and by a method for flue gas purification according to claim 7.
Actually available plate aerators generate a high number of very small air bubbles (diameter of Thus, the oxygen contained in each oxygen bubble leaving the plate aerator can be delivered to the scrubbing liquid in an optimum way. Accordingly, the efficiency of the oxygen introduction and thus the efficiency of the oxidation are optimized.
Preferably, the plate aerator is essentially disk-shaped and even better parallelepiped. In comparison to the disk-shaped form, the parallelepiped geometry
has the advantage that the oxygen bubbles, which emerge from the parallelepiped plate aerator, hardly form a bubble column, but rather take a vertical upwards direction without any clear tendency to coalescence. In this way, a high contact surface exchange and a corresponding optimization of the oxidation are achieved.
According to an embodiment of the present invention, the plate aerator comprises a perforated membrane, which is mounted in a replaceable manner on this one, and through which the oxygen bubbles get out. The perforation preferably comprises slots, which can for example be produced by means of a laser. An EPDM membrane has proved especially advantageous.
The oxidation device of the flue gas purification device can comprise one or more plate aerators. If several plate aerators are provided, they will preferably be arranged in the scrubbing liquid sump in an annular or radial way. Herein, the plate aerators can be directly fixed at the corresponding oxygen supply pipes. The association and final forming of the individual oxygen supply pipes is substantially dependent of the form of the receptacle, the oxygen need and the volume of the scrubbing liquid, into which the oxygen shall be introduced. Principally, one can think of any arrangement of the plate aerators, of course.
Finally, the present invention relates to a corresponding flue gas purification method, in which the oxygen supply for the oxidation process, which takes place in the scrubbing liquid sump, is realized by means of at least one plate aerator.
1. A flue gas purification device comprising a receptacle having a scrubbing liquid sump, including an oxidation device with plurality of plate aerators for introducing oxygen wherein each of plurality of plate aerators is essentially a parallelepiped and has a perforated membrane, each membrane is made of an ethylene propylene diene monomer (EPDM), mounted in a replaceable manner on that plate aerator, the perforation of each of the membrane comprises slots, in which the plurality of plate aerators are arranged in the receptacle in an annular or radial way.
|Indian Patent Application Number||553/DEL/2006|
|PG Journal Number||02/2014|
|Date of Filing||02-Mar-2006|
|Name of Patentee||DOOSAN LENTJES GMBH|
|Applicant Address||DANIEL-GOLDBACH-STR.19, D-40880, RATINGEN, GERMANY|
|PCT International Classification Number||A62C 39/00|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|