|Title of Invention||
A PROCESS OF PREPARING A PRODUCT TO BOOST PHOTOSYNTHESIS
|Abstract||A composition to enhance efficiency of Photosynthesis and thereby increasing agricuhure / horticulture yield containing Melamine 5% to 90% Ortho Phosphoric acid 10% to 80% POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE 8% Sodium Hydroxide 8% and POTASSIUM SULPHATE upto 30% with 0.5% DIETHYL AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE 5% ZINC SULPHATE MONOHYDRATE 10% Octoborate with IGSURF 6000 8% to 15% and wetting agent 5% to 10% to get a product for boosting Photosynthesis as liquid soluble powder and granule|
FIELD OF INVENTION
Although Photosynthesis has interested mankind of eons, rapid progress in understanding the Process has come in the last few years. It is observed Photosynthesis is relatively inefficient. In a typical growing season only 1 to 2% of the solar energy falling on the field is recovered as new Photosynthetic products. How can we increase efficiency of Photosynthesis to increase yield. One attempt is "Foliar" application of this invented product. The product innovated is the outcome of several years of research in making, trying and on resuLT perfected as a Product for Agriculture to boost Photosynthesis. How? The sprayed innovated product getting absorbed in plant foliage, stem and all parts in just 4 hours. Chloroplast and Chlrophyl increases in remarkable speed thereby boosting Photosynthesis since Chloroplast are needed to tap sun energy.
It was considered near impossible to dissolve "Melamine" the chief ingredient (Synonyms - Triazine, Cyanuramide, Cyanuric Triamide, Cyanurotriamide, Cyanurotiamine etc) dissolved by years research by the inventer. Melamine containing Heterocyclic Nitrogen combined with phosphorous is adequately enriched with Potassium Sulphate, Octo Borate, Mono Zinc Sulphate with Diethyl Aminoethyl Hexanote is able to enhance Photosynthesis by 1.5% to 2% which is a break through in this field. It has resulted in increased meristem activity increased Photosynthesis and increased yield. In this reaction Diethyl Aminoethyl Hexanote exerts synergism in this composition.
We have increased agricultural production in last 50 years considerably and now we are in cross road and every efforts is needed. This invention will increase yield upto 15% to 20% to feed the bourgeoning population which will touch 142 crores in 2020 in our country.
BACKGROUND OF INVENTION AND PRIOR ART.
To increase the yield in agriculture / horticulture is engaging our attention. The population increase in the world is threatening mankind and thereby the inadequate food security because of dwindling world food stock. Rightly the rrea Photosynthesis attracted attention worldwide because Photosynthesis is fulcrum for Life on this Earth. A molecule with 66% Heterocyclic Nitrogen in a peculiar molecular configuration i.e 3N outside and 3N imbedded. It is practically insoluble in anything and used mainly as plastizizers, as melamine crockeries and resins.
Hence we tried repeatedly and found Ortho Phosphoric Acid dissolves totally melamine and this took us to make a preparation total with Diethyl Aminoethyl Hexanote, Zinc Sulphate Mono Hydrate, Octo Borate, Potassium Hydroxide or Potassium Sulphate and carboxyl methyl cellulose and IGSURF 6000 emulsifier and it has amazingly increased Photosynthesis by 1.5% to 2% and yield upto 15% to 20%.
To the best of our knowledge there is no prior art. Bringing Melamine complex to agriculture / horticulture is an unique invention that too to increase Photosynthesis efficiency which is like sustaining reaction in our earth. A liquid, soluble powder and granule which are described in statement of invention is unique in all respects.
Those skilled in the art should realize such equivalent conception do not depart from the spirit and scope of the invention in the broadest form.
World Phosphorus reserve is depleting and its availability is to be used judiciously. It is also a tricky element getting involved in "Fixation" and soil solubility. In this Melamine complex all these things rectified and made perfectly avoiding fixation, wastage, drain off etc. using all ingredients judiciously reducing dependence on bulk soil application.
With these background this Melamine complex is tailored with the sole object of increasing Photosynthesis efficiency and yield there under.
STATEMENT OF INVENTION
The background, need, parameters required are carefully codified and the invention proceeded.
Heterocyclic Nitrogen 8.5% to get from 15% Melamine, to get 8.5% as P205 from ORTHO PHOSPHORIC ACID 16% and to get 5% as POTASSIUM OXIDE from 8% POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE taken Sodium Hydroxide 8% to neutralize. Arthophosporic acid gave 8.5% as P205 in addition to dissolving Melamine. This soluble liquid is a viscous dull white liquid and at 0.1% to 0.2% concentration sprayed as "Foliar" does the miracle by enhancing Photosynthesis by 1.5% to 2% and increasing flowering, yield, quality.
The preparation is made by taking Melamine 15kg and 16kg ORTHO PHOSPHORIC ACID is added slowly, stirring. Since reaction is slow it will take 5 to 6 hours to complete. Then add POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE 8kg cautiously and since the reaction is violent and emiting Hydrogen etc it has to be performed carefully. After the reaction is completed i.e. after 3 or 4 hours adding Sodium Hydroxide at 8kg (quantity till nutral PH 7 is obtained) and this reaction is more violent than (POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE reaction) and care should be taken. After everything is over adding 44.5 Itrs De-Mineralized water finally adding 500gms DIETHYL AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE the product is complete after 8 kg Emulsifier - IGSURF-6000 is added and stirred vigorously.
In another preparation one mole of Melamine and one mole of ORTHO PHOSPHORIC ACID is added and thoroughly mixed to get Melamine Phosphate. Any quantity can be made but this proportion followed. Completely centrifuged and powder taken as C3H9N6P04 (Melamine Phosphate). Melamine Phosphate - 50kg, POTASSIUM SULPHATE - 30 kg, ZINC SULPHATE MONO HYDRATE -5 kg, wetting agent - 5kg,
Octoborate - 9.5kg and DIETHYL AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE - 500gms all added and machine mixed in ball mill and blended.
78 kg roasted or unroasted bentonite clay granule is charged in the drum mixer with calcium silicate 2kg of the automatic granulating machine. Rosin 2.5 to 3 kg is provided in the Rosin Recepticle, once the machine is on rosin will melt and uniformly coat the granule. In the spray chamber 10kg Melamine Phosphate, 5 kg Zinc Sulphate Mono Hydrate, 2 kg Octoborate, 500gm DIETHYL AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE are added after dissolving in water and with wetting agent (Quantum Sufficientum). When the machine is on with suitable nozzle the composition is sprayed at 50kg / pressure per sq.cm. After all is over the drum is rotated for 15 minutes and the granule is released.
Example 1 (MELAMINE COMPLEX - SL)
Ingredients and Composition
Melamine - 15 kg
ORTHO PHOSPHORIC ACID - 16 kg
POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE - 8 kg
Sodium Hydroxide - 8 kg
IGSURF 6000 - 8 kg
DE MINERALISED WATER - 44.5 kg
DIETHYL AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE - 500 gm
Melamine 15 kg is taken in a glass or heat tolerable and acid resistant container. Then 16 kg ORTHO PHOSPHORIC ACID slowly added simultaneously stirring. Care should be taken since heat will evolve. Reaction will take 6 to 7 hours to dissolve and then 8kg POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE is added very slowly. Enormous heat will evolve and gas will also escape (Hydrogen & Oxygen). This reaction will take 5 to 6 hours. After that 8 kg Sodium Hydroxide is added and will produce violent reaction, noise, gas etc and the reaction will take 4 hours. After that PH is tested and it should be 6.5 to 7 PH. Accordingly Sodium Hydroxide quantity is decided (Approx - 8kg)
Then finally 0.5 kg DIETHYL AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE is added and 44.5 kg water is added alongwith special emulsifier 8 kg IGSURF - 6000. Now 100 kilos soluble liquid is ready.
Example 2 (MELAMINE COMPLEX - SP)
Ingredients and Composition
Melamine - 127 kg} will
ORTHO PHOSPHORIC ACID - 98 kg } yield 225 kg Melamine
(Sticky ball should be centrifuged and Melamine Phosphate taken as dry clean powder).
Melamine Phosphate - 50 kg
POTASSIUM SULPHATE - 30 kg
Octoborate - 9.5 kg
Zinc Sulphate Mono Hydrate - 5 kg
Wetting agent - 5 kg
(CARBOXYL METHYL CELLULOSE like)
DIETHYL AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE - 500 gm
After making carefully Melamine Phosphate 50 kg is taken and all ingredients are added and it is ball milled and blended in mechanized blender.
Example 3 (MELAMINE COMPLEX - GR)
Bentonite roasted or unroasted clay } 78 kg + 2 kg calcium silicate
or Silica quartz } (both 80 kg)
Melamine Phosphate - 10 kg
Zinc Sulphate Mono Hydrate - 5 kg
Octoborate - 2 kg
DIETHYL AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE - 500
Rosin - 2.5 kg
Wetting agent - quantum sufficientum
(a) Preweighted granule is charged in drum mixer with calcium silicate.
(b) Then ingredients Melamine Phosphate, Zinc Sulphate, borate and DIETHYL AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE with wetting agent mixed in water and poured in the spray chamber.
(c) Then the mixture in spray chamber sprayed over granules in drumwith suitable nozzle at 50kg / pressure sq.cm and rotating the drum.
(d) Rosin is mixed during the process from its recepticle after melting.
(e) Contents mixed well for 15 minutes in the drum.
(f) Everything is done by an elaborate granulating automatic machine.
(g) The product is discharged after signal from the machine.
1. We claim that a product containing 15% Melamine, 16% ORTHO
PHOSPHORIC ACID and 8% POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE in soluble liquid
form to boost Photosynthesis and yield there under.
(a) Melamine 15 kg is taken in a hard glass or stainless steel or HDP vessel.
(b) ORTHO PHOSPHORIC ACID 16 kg slowly mixed and reaction allowed for 6 to 7 hrs.
(c) POTASSIUM HYDROXIDE 8 kg is added and the hot reaction is allowed for 5 to 6 hrs.
(d) Sodium Hydroxide 8 kg is added and this violent reaction is allowed for 4 to
(e) PH is measured and it must be 6.5 to 7 and accordingly adjusted Sodium
(f) Then added 44.5 1trs or kg, De-Mineralized H20 and stirred vigorously.
(g) 8 kg IGSURF - 6000 special emulsifier is added.
(h) Finally DIETHYL AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE 500gm is added and uniform white soluble liquid obtained
2. We claim that a manufacturing technique as claimed in 1. Where in
(a) 127 kilos Melamine is taken in stainless steel or HDP vessel.
(b) 99 kilos ORTHO PHOSPHORIC ACID is added and stirred
(c) Then it is centrifuged and dry white powder Melamine Phosphate is
(d) 50 kg Melamine Phosphate is taken
(e) 30 kg POTASSIUM SULPHATE is mixed with Melamine Phosphate
(f) Octo Borate 9.5 kg is mixed thoroughly.
(g) 5 kg Zinc Sulphate Mono Hydrateis added
(h) DIETHYL AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE - 500gm thoroughly mixed (i) Wetting agent (CARBOXYL METHYL CELLULOSE) - 5 kg mixed
All mixed in ball mill and taken out as powder with a fine mesh and if
necessary blended in blending machine.
3. We claim that a manufacturing technique as claimed in 1, Whereas 78 kg blank
granule is taken and filled in drum alongwith 2kg calcium silicate, 10kg
Melamine Phosphate, 5 kg ZnS04H20, 2 kg Octoborate, DIETHYL
AMINOETHYL HEXANOTE-500 gm is charged in the spray chamber
dissolving in water with wetting agent and spraying in drum over granule at 50 /
pressure sq.cm and rotated adding rosin 2.5 kg from separate hopper after
melting. All is done in a granulating machine in an automatic calibrated way
and 15% granule obtained.
4. We claim as in claim 1. A process and product for the manufacture of
compositions for boosting Photosynthesis thereby increasing the yield in
agriculture / horticulture.
|Indian Patent Application Number||331/CHE/2008|
|PG Journal Number||40/2013|
|Date of Filing||08-Feb-2008|
|Name of Patentee||SREE RAMCIDES CHEMICALS PVT LTD|
|Applicant Address||7, DURAISAMY ROAD, T. NAGAR, CHENNAI-17|
|PCT International Classification Number||A01N33/12; A01N47/36|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|