|Title of Invention||
"SELF-VENTILATED, ERGONOMIC FOOTWEAR AND SOLE"
|Abstract||The invention relates to a self-ventilated, ergonomic footwear item and elastomeric sole. According to the invention, both sides of the sole comprise a plurality of longitudinal grooves, in the area corresponding to the sole of the foot, which are essentially parallel to the edge of the sole closest thereto and which have a depth equal to half of the height of the sole. Moreover, the grooves are disposed in an alternating manner in relation to one another on either side of the sole in the form of a bellows-type structure. The upper comprises a perforated elastic laminar body which is disposed beneath the insole in the area corresponding to the sole and the foot and which, together with the sole, forms a chamber having a volume that varies upon walking. In addition, three thick bands are solidly connected to the body and the upper in order to stiffen said elastic laminar body, namely: one longitudinal band and two transverse end bands. In this way the footwear item and the sole adapt perfectly to the anatomy of the foot, enabling same to be automatically ventilated upon walking.|
|Full Text||SELF-VENTILATED, ERGONOMIC FOOTWEAR AND SOLE
OBJECT OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to footwear and a sole
which said footwear comprises but which can be applied to
other types of footwear. On the one hand, the footwear offers
optimum performance from an ergonomic point of view adapting
itself perfectly to the user's foot irrespective of the
different relation between the length and width of said foot
due to an elastomeric sole or the like, generally obtained by
means of injection moulding, subsequently covered by means of
an insole and combined with the corresponding upper to finish
the footwear, and on the other hand allowing for inner
ventilation which is automatically generated on walking, also
improving comfort in this aspect.
Thus, the object of the invention is to obtain footwear
offering the user thereof greater comfort, both from the point
of view of the comfortable adaptation to his feet and also the
ventilation thereof, and a sole which in the area
corresponding to the sole of the foot has a high degree of
elastic deformability in the transverse direction in order: to
enhance the comfort of the footwear for the user, anatomically
adapting itself to the feet thereof, irrespective of their
greater or lesser width.
BACKGROUND TO THE INVENTION
Within the scope of footwear, and more specifically of
soles for same, one of the solutions normally used is that in
which the sole is obtained by means of injection moulding from
The outsoles are manufactured according to preestablished
sizes, based on a stepped table of foot lengths,
such that any person can find shoes in the market with a size
suited to the length of his feet.
The same does not apply regarding the transverse
elevation, as this is usually fixed for a certain type or
design of footwear, which as is known means a serious problem
for those having "wide feet" , who are forced to bear the
discomfort of shoes which "pinch them" or are forced to use a
larger size than they should depending on the length of the
foot, because evidently as the size of the footwear increases,
the width thereof increases in parallel.
The solution to this problem is to use lasts of
different widths, this evidently having very negative effects
from an economic point of view, specifically from the point of
view of manufacturing and distribution costs.
A less encumbering solution is to use uppers based on
soft materials, which partially resolves the problem,
especially when the user's feet are not much wider than normal,
but this leads to a deformation of the footwear making it lose
its original appearance completely after a short period of use.
On the other hand, due to their very nature, these
elastomeric soles offer virtually no degree of transpiration,
such that they retain the user's body sweat, it thus being
desirable to have an inner ventilation of the footwear for
evaporating the sweat as it is produced.
Footwear provided with means of inner ventilation exists
on the market, but the solutions adopted up to the present are
structurally complex and functionally rather ineffective, thus
their practical use is determined more by advertising
propaganda than by a real effectiveness to that respect.
DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The footwear and the sole proposed by the invention
resolves in a fully satisfactory manner the problems set forth
hereinbefore in the two aspects discussed, so that in addition
to offering optimum performance from the ergonomic point of
view, perfectly adapting themselves to the anatomy of the
user's foot, it allows said ventilation which occurs
automatically when walking.
To that end and more specifically, the footwear of the
invention, based on the use of an elastomeric sole obtained
for example by means of injection moulding, combines special
features of said sole with other features affecting its
complementary upper and allowing the effects sought to be
Specifically, the sole is provided with longitudinal
grooves in the area corresponding to the sole of the foot,
that is, extending between the toe and the start of the waist,
operatively arranged both on its upper or inner side and on
its lower or outer side, which grooves affect about half the
thickness of the sole in this area, said plurality of
longitudinal grooves, preferably of an arched path, that is
parallel to the side edges of the sole in its area of location,
with the special particularity that the grooves of its upper
side are transversely staggered with respect to those of the
lower side, such that this area of the sole configures a type
of bellows allowing elastic deformation in the transverse
direction of the sole in said area of the sole of the foot due
to the pressure exerted by the foot depending on the width of
the latter which is obviously where the problems derived from
"wide feet" occur.
Accordingly, the original dimensions of the width of the
sole in the area corresponding to the sole of the foot are
maintained when the user has a normal foot width, but faced
with the needs of a wider foot an easy transverse dilation of
the sole in this area of the sole of the foot occurs, that is,
a widening thereof occurs, suiting it to the needs of the foot,
conferring the footwear with a high degree of comfort.
This greater comfort can be extended to any type of user
because the same elastic deformability occurs under normal
conditions, making the footwear much more comfortable as it
has a "softer" sole without changing the material.
Complementarily, the upper which is closed in the lower
portion and, as is usual, by means of an insole, also
incorporates in the area of the sole of the foot an elastic
body, which due to its own nature favours the elastic
deformation in the transverse direction of the footwear in
this repeatedly said area of the sole of the foot, and which
further incorporates openings suitably distributed for the
entrance and exit of air. A chamber is thus created between
the elastic body and the sole the volume of which changes upon
walking due to the expansion and contraction of the elements
making it up, which volumetric variation leads to a "lung"
effect such that the air enters and exits said chamber,
causing the sought ventilation of the foot in the area of the
footwear which is the most problematic to that respect, that
is in the closed area of the sole of the foot, because
ventilation usually occurs in the heel area through the foot
DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
To accompany the description being made and for the
purpose of better understanding the features of the invention,
according to a preferred practical embodiment thereof, a set
of drawings is attached as an integral part of said
description in which, with an illustrative and non-limiting
character, the following is shown:
Figure 1 shows a schematic perspective illustration of a
sole for footwear carried out according to the object of the
present invention, showing the upper side thereof.
Figure 2 shows an illustration similar to the previous
figure, but in which the lower side of the sole is shown.
Figure 3 shows an exploded plan view of a selfventilated
ergonomic footwear carried out according to the
object of the present invention in which both the upper of the
footwear and the sole thereof show the sides through which
they must be adapted and fixed.
Figure 4 sows a cross section detail of the assembly
represented in the previous figure, duly assembled.
PREFERRED EMBODIMENT OF THE INVENTION
In view of Figures 1 and 2, it can be seen how the sole
(1) proposed by the invention is, like any conventional sole,
made up of a one-piece body with the classic sections
corresponding to the sole of the foot, to the waist and to the
heel, these sections being able to adopt, particularly as
regards the outer side shown in Figure 2, any type of surface
finish or configuration in accordance with the design provided
for the sole.
The invention centres on the fact that the sole (1)
incorporates on its inner side and in the area corresponding
to the sole of the foot, a plurality of uniformly distributed
longitudinal grooves (5) which, in the practical embodiment
shown in the drawing, are five in number, but this number can
vary without this affecting the essence of the invention,
which grooves are preferably curved and parallel to the side
edge and next to the body of the sole.
Said grooves (5) of the upper side of the sole are
complemented with other lower grooves (5') which must
necessarily be arranged in an alternating manner with respect
to the upper grooves (5) , as can be observed perfectly in
Figure 4, for which reason there must be a higher or lower
number of lower grooves than upper grooves (5) , the number
being greater in the chosen practical embodiment, specifically
The depth of the grooves (5) and (5'), in relation to
the thickness of the sole in this area of the sole of the foot
must be such that it affects about half of said thickness in
order to obtain the bellows-type structure shown in Figure 4
which, providing the sole with the suitable formal stability,
nevertheless allows that, in the specific case of a "wide
feet" user, the sole can be elastically deformed in the sense
of transverse widening to perfectly adapt itself to the
dimensional demands of the foot as previously stated.
Obviously this elastic deformation of the sole (1) in
the area corresponding to the sole of the foot is not
obstructed by the classic insole internally covering or by the
upper of the footwear, because both are easily deformable.
Evidently said grooves (5) and (5') affect neither the
waist nor the heel given that these areas of the footwear do
not usually present any problems for people with "wide feet",
in which the excessive width of the feet occurs exactly in the
area corresponding to the sole of the foot.
In view of Figures 3 and 4 it can be seen how the
footwear proposed by the invention is formed, like any
conventional footwear, by means of the combination of a sole
(1) and an upper (2), the latter having a lower inner
perimetral edge (3) for its adaptation and fixing to the sole
(1) by any appropriate means, the classic insole (4) suitably
isolating the user's foot from the sole (1) and which can
optionally be covered by another insole for decorative
purposes, being arranged on the inside of the upper (2).
Complementarily in the upper (2) and also in the area
corresponding to the sole of the footwear, specifically under
the insole (4) , a laminar elastic body (6) is arranged,
suitably fixed at its contour to the upper (2) , for example,
to the previously mentioned perimetral edge (3) , which elastic
body (6) allows and favours deformation in the transverse
direction of the footwear, and which according to a preferred
practical embodiment will be stiffened by means of a
longitudinal band (7) and a pair of transverse end bands (8-
8'), perfectly visible in Figure \, fixed both to the elastic
laminar body (6) and, where appropriate, to the edge (3) of
the upper, these bands (7-8) having the purposes of suitably
stabilizing the elastic body (6), defining therein two
independent side deformation areas.
On the other hand, the thickness of these bands (7-8)
favours the arrangement of the variable volume chamber (9)
between the elastic body (6) and the sole (1) , the volume of
which will decrease when supporting the foot on the ground,
the air exiting said chamber through a plurality of openings
(10) arranged in the bands (7) and (8) with air penetrating
into the useful inside of the footwear, whereas an increase in
the volume of the chamber (9) and an aspirating effect occurs
when lifting the foot from the ground and due to the elastic
recovery of the body (6) .
Therefore, and according to the described structure, the
grooves (5-5') of the sole (1) and the elastomeric nature
thereof, as described, allow the elastic deformation in the
transverse direction of the sole so that the footwear
comfortably adjusts to the user's feet, irrespective of the
width thereof, whilst at the same time the chamber created
between the elastic laminar body (6) and the sole itself,
together with the openings (10) for communicating with the
inside of the footwear, generate a ventilation in the latter,
with a "lung"-type movement of air maximally increasing the
comfort of the footwear as a whole.
1. A self-ventilated, ergonomic footwear comprising:
an elastomeric sole (1); and an upper having at least one insole, wherein
the sole comprises, in an area corresponding to a sole of a foot, a plurality of longitudinal
grooves both on an inner and outer side of the sole, arranged in an alternating manner in
relation to one another, determining a "bellowsn-type structure;
the upper (2) has, in the area corresponding to the sole of the foot and beneath the insole, an
elastic laminar body (6);
a chamber (9) formed between the elastic laminar body (6) and the sole, the chamber (9)
having a volume that varies upon walking; and
the elastic laminar body having openings (10) which communicate the chamber to inside the
footwear and the air enters and exits said chamber, causing the sought ventilation.
2. The self-ventilated, ergonomic footwear as claimed in claim 1, wherein the grooves of the sole
adopt a longitudinal arrangement essentially parallel to a longitudinal edge of the sole closet
thereto and have a depth affecting about half a thickness of the sole.
3. The self-ventilated, ergonomic footwear as claimed in claim 1, wherein the elastic laminar body
is stiffened by a longitudinal band (7) and two transverse end bands (8 87, the end bands
connected to the longitudinal band (7) and the end bands connected to the upper of the
footwear, the openings for communicating with inside of the footwear being located in the
longitudinal band and the end bands (8 8'),
4. A self-ventilated, ergonomic footwear, comprising:
an outer elastomeric sole; and an upper having at least one insole (4), wherein
the upper comprises, between the outer (I) and the insole (4), an elastic laminar body
a chamber (9) formed between the outer sole and the elastic laminar body, the chamber having
a volume that varies upon walking,
the elastic laminar body having openings that communicate the chamber with inside of the
footwear and the air enters and exits said chamber, causing the sought ventilation of the foot .
5. The self-ventilated, ergonomic footwear as claimed in claim 4, wherein the elastic laminar body
(6) located under the insole is stiffened by a longitudinal band and a pair of traverse end bands
(8 a'), suitably fixed at its contour to the upper of the footwear, the openings for communicating
with the inside of the footwear being located in these bands.
6. The self-ventilated, ergonomic footwear as claimed in claim 4, wherein a plurality of openings
(10) is arranged in the bands (7) and (8).
7. The self-ventilated, ergonomic footwear as claimed in claim 4, wherein the outer sole has, at a
level of sale of a foot, a plurality of longitudinal grooves both on an inner and outer side of the
outer sole, arranged in an alternating manner in relation to one another, determining a "bellow"-
8. The self-ventilated, ergonomic footwear as claimed in claim 7, wherein the grooves of the outer
sole are essentially parallel to a longitudinal edge of the outer sole closet thereto and have a depth half a thickness of the outer sole.
|Indian Patent Application Number||5465/DELNP/2006|
|PG Journal Number||37/2013|
|Date of Filing||20-Sep-2006|
|Name of Patentee||CALZADOS HERGAR, S.A.|
|Applicant Address||AVDA. DE LA INDUSTRIA, 4, E-26580 ARNEDO_(LA RIOJA), SPAIN.|
|PCT International Classification Number||A43B 13/18|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/ES2005/000018|
|PCT International Filing date||2005-01-14|