|Title of Invention||
|Abstract||According to a first embodiment, a nipple for a feeding bottle or a soother comprises a base portion, a teat portion, an areola portion and a flex region allowing flexing of the teat portion towards and away from the areola portion. According to a second embodiment, a nipple for a feeding bottle or soother is provided with a helical flow formation on the inner face of the teat, which allows continuous flow of liquid even when the teat collapsed via the helical flow path which allowing extension at the teat, in particular rotational or torsional extension.|
|Full Text||The invention relates to a teat, in particular a teat or a nipple for a feeding bottle or a soother.
Various known teats have been designed to mimic the human breast in operation. One known teat is described in US6645228 and includes a stem and a base. The base has a bulbous region and an areola region from which the stem projects. The bulbous region has an upper region with a progressively thinning wall which acts as a spring element such that as an infant sucks on the teat the areola and stem move back and forth relative to the bulbous region.
Various problems arise with this arrangement. Movement of the areola region and stem relative to the bulbous region does not closely mimic the movement of the human breast during sucking. Furthermore because flexibility is provided upon a progressively thinning wall region, the amount of flexing and the point at which flexing takes place is undefined and unpredictable.
A second known teat is described in US6745912 B2 (Pigeon) including a series of parallel annular grooves on the inner surface of the nipple which allows stretching of the nipple but only in a constrained direction, and with the risk of flow blockage if the nipple collapses.
In addition, efforts are continuing to provide valved feeding bottles, in particular to allow air ingress to the teat. It is believed that this reduces the risk of colic which can otherwise occur as a result of negative pressure building up in the feeding bottle. Various known arrangements include slit valves of various types, however these are frail and difficult to machine. In another
approach described in German patent DEI 9716535 a teat is provided with an inner annular resilient flange at its base which rests on a bottle rim when screwed down by a collar. Upon a negative pressure building up inside the drinking vessel the flange lifts from the vessel rim and air passes up through the collar and between the flange and the vessel rim. In a similar arrangement described in European patent application EP151862 a teat includes a downwardly depending cylindrical flange at its base which seals against the inner top face of a vessel neck when deformed by being screwed down by a collar. Again a negative pressure inside the vessel lifts the flange away from the vessel neck so that air flows through the collar and between the neck and the flange into the vessel to relieve the pressure differential. Such arrangements rely on the correct amount of screw pressure being applied by the user on fixing the teat which can give rise to varied levels of valving between uses. Furthermore the introduction of a circumferential flange increases material costs.
The invention is set out in the claims. According to a first embodiment because the flex region is provided in the areola portion allowing the teat portion and/or areola portion to move towards and away from one another a more natural feeding action is provided. Furthermore because of the inclusion of a plurality of flex channels the point of flexure is clearly defined. According to a second embodiment, because of the provision of a helical flow formation on the inner face of the teat, continuous flow of liquid is allowed even when the teat collapses via the helical flow path while allowing extension of the teat and in particular a rotational or torsional extension. It will be understood that each of the terms "teat" and "nipple" embraces feeding bottle teats and nipples as well as soother teats and nipples, sometimes known as "baglets".
Embodiments of the invention will now be described by way of example with reference to the drawings, of which:
Fig. 1 is a cross-sectional side view of a teat according to the present invention;
Fig. 2a is a side view of the teat of Fig. 1 in use in a first flexed position;
Fig. 2b is a side view of the teat of Fig. 1 in use in a second flexed position;
Figs. 3a and 3b are end and side views respectively of a soother incorporating
the teat of the present invention.
Fig. 4 which is a cross-sectional side view of a teat and vessel according to
another aspect of the present invention;
Fig, 5 a is a perspective view showing a teat valve in a first, closed
Fig. 5b is a perspective view showing a teat valve in a second, open
Fig. 6 is a partial perspective view of the underside of the teat, showing a lip
Fig. 7a is an exploded perspective view showing assembly steps for a drinking
vessel according to the invention;
Fig. 7b is a perspective view showing a first detail of an assembled vessel
according to the present invention; and
Fig, 7c is a perspective view showing a second detail of an assembled vessel
according to the present invention.
Referring firstly to Fig. 1 a teat 10 for use with a feeding bottle includes a teat portion 12, a base portion 14 and an areola portion 16 therebetween. A flange 18 extends from the base of the base portion to allow fixing to a feeding bottle (not shown) in any appropriate known manner. The base portion may also include a one-way air-inlet valve of any appropriate type for example an
integrally moulded duck-bill valve (not shown). The teat has circular symmetry around an axis A running through the centre of the teat.
The areola portion 16 includes a flex region 20 comprising three grooves or flex channels 22 extending around an inner surface of the areola portion effectively forming circular thinned regions parallel/concentric with each other about the axis A and hence surrounding the teat portion. The flex region 20 is generally provided between a transition region 24 separating the base portion 14 and the areola.portion 16 and a transition region 26 separating the areola portion 16 and the teat portion 12. The flex region 20 allows flexing of the teat as described in more detail below.
The teat can be formed in any appropriate manner, for example compression or injection moulding and formed of any appropriate elastic material such as silicone, latex or thermoplastic elastomer (TPE). Injection moulded silicone provides a particularly desirable degree of elasticity in the teat portion. The teat portion 12 is preferably thinner in cross-section than the remainder of the teat or is co-moulded with a more flexible material to allow additional flexing of the teat portion relative to the teat as a whole. The teat can have a texture such as a skin-like texture moulded or otherwise patterned on to its surface.
As shown in Figs 2a and 2b, in operation an infant drinks from the teat mounted on a bottle, the infant's tongue 50 contacting the teat portion 12, the infant's teeth or gums 52 contacting the transition portion 26 and the infant's lips 54 contacting the areola portion 16 generally at the flex region 20. As a result, as the infant sucks on the teat, the teat portion and areola portion flex towards and away from one another by virtue of respective collapsing and extending of the flex region around the flexed channels 22. In particular, as can be seen in Fig, 2a, reduced suction on the teat portion 12 towards the base
portion 14 relaxes the flexible reduced suction whereas, as shown in Fig. 2b, suction on the teat portion 12 away from the base portion 14 collapses the flexible region 20 extending the teat portion and areola portion away from one another.
The back and forth motion of the teat portion 12 mimics very closely the natural movement of the human breast during suckling or sucking of the infant by effectively allowing the teat to move and stretch as skin moves and stretches. The grooves or channels further visually define an areola area and are placed at an area of the teat which is also a non-bite area. The flexible portion also provides a pumping action on liquid in the bottle as the teat portion oscillates or reciprocates back and forth.
Figures 3a and 3b show a soother 30 employing a teat or baglet 31 according to the first embodiment of the present invention. The teat 31 includes a teat portion 32, a base portion 34 and an areola portion 36 therebetween. The teat 31 is generally hollow and is secured at the base portion 34 to a shield 38, having a ring or handle 39, with the areola portion 36 forming a non-bite portion of the teat 31. A flex region 37, is situated at the non-bite areola portion 36, and comprises grooves or channels extending around the inner surface of the teat 31 at the areola portion 36. As an infant sucks on the teat 31, the teat portion 32 flexes back and forth as a result of the respective collapsing and extending of the flex region 37 grooves. As before, this back and forth movement mimics the movement of a human breast during suckling, but with the flex region in a non-bite area.
Referring to Fig. 4, it will be seen that according to another aspect a teat assembly 140 is mounted on an infant drinking vessel 112. The teat assembly
40 includes a teat 110 having a teat portion 114 forming a nipple having drink apertures 115 at its upper end, a base portion 116 mountable to the drinking vessel and an areola region 118 therebetween. The teat 110 is textured and shaped to mimic the human breast and can, for example have skin-like texture varying between the teat portion, areola region and base portion, similar to the human breast. The teat can indeed be coloured to mirror human skin colour including ethnic skin colours. The shape of the teat is also similar to the human breast, the base portion 116 being shaped like a breast and having a wide, domed configuration. The areola portion 118 rises from the base portion 116 to the teat portion 114 at an angle to the horizontal, that is to say, with a component of inclination parallel to the teat portion 114, allowing better pursing by the infant so that they can close their lips effectively around the teat, and again mimicking the human breast such that the experience of the infant is as similar as possible to the natural experience of breast feeding.
The teat 110 is formed from an elastomer with walls of decreasing thickness from the base portion 116 through to the teat 114 providing a more realistic flexing characteristic. The areola portion 118 further includes undulating grooves 120 forming, in cross-section, a wavy profile on the inner surface of the areola portion 118 and extending circumferentially. In the embodiments shown three such grooves are formed adjacent one another providing a bellows action as well as flexing in a direction perpendicular to the flow direction and increasing the flexibility especially in conjunction with the decreasing wall thickness providing a more natural stretching characteristic and sensory feedback to the infant. Yet further, the teat can be textured on its outer and/or inner surface to enhance operation or realism of the teat as appropriate.
The teat portion 114 projects generally perpendicular to the mouth of the vessel 112 and is elongate for example of length 20mm, again to mimic the extension
of the human nipple during breast feeding. The teat portion has a generally rectangular cross-section with wall thickness 1.8mm and diameter 13mm. A tight pitch helical groove 22 of groove depth 0.9mm (half the wall thickness) having for example three turns and 3mm pitch is moulded or otherwise formed around the inner cylindrical vertical surface of the teat portion 114 to form a flow passage even when the teat portion is collapsed, for example under biting pressure from an infant. In addition the helical groove allows rotational or torsional compression and extension of the teat portion in the range of 5-6mm and flexing parallel perpendicular to the flow direction, again more closely mimicking the human breast.
At the tip of the teat portion the apertures 115 comprise a variable flow valve, where the flow can either be selected by choosing a teat with appropriate apertures or a two or three crossed slit configuration can be provided allowing the infant to regulate flow. For example referring to Figs. 5a and 5b, a teat 200 includes a teat portion 202 with a slit valve 204. As can be seen from Fig. 5b when pressure is applied in the longitudinal direction of the slit, for example bite pressure, the slit valve opens allowing fluid flow by application of compression and distortion pressure.
The teat assembly 140 is formed in a two-shot moulding process with elastomer forming the teat 110 and polypropylene forming a screw collar 130 which is integrally formed with the teat 110. As a result a resilient, cheaply and easily manufactured integral assembly is provided.
The screw collar 30 includes an internally threaded cylindrical portion 132 and a downwardly domed peripheral portion 134 surrounding it and extending from an upper end of the cylindrical portion 132. The domed portion 134 includes a horizontal outward annular flange 135 of thicker cross-section at its base. The
teat 110 is over-moulded onto the screw collar 130 and the domed portion 134 terminates at a central circular orifice corresponding with an outer face of the neck 128 of the vessel 112, the over-moulded portion of the teat extending inwardly slightly from this position and terminating in a downwardly depending cylindrical flange 141.
As a result the screw collar provides structural strength and a strong screw fit, but the resilient material of the teat portion 140 provides sealing. In particular the threaded cylindrical portion 132 of the screw collar screws on to the outwardly threaded neck 128 of the vessel 112 and the top, innermost edge of the domed portion 134 abuts the outer face of the neck 128. Because the teat material 110 overhangs the inner edge 139 of the domed portion 134, when the teat assembly 140 is screwed down, the overhanging portion seals against the top rim of the neck 128 and the downward cylindrical flange 141 forms an elastomer sealing ring sealing against the top inner face of the vessel neck 128. The teat 110 includes a vent passage 126 through the elastomer material and substantially at the periphery. A discontinuous flap or lip valve portion 123 projects down from the flange 141 in a portion of the periphery only in the vicinity of the vent passage 126.
Because of the resilience of the flange portion, when an infant sucks on the teat, reducing pressure within the vessel, the lip valve 123 will flex away from the neck 128 of the vessel 112. In the region of the vent 126 in the teat 110, this allows venting between the interior of the vessel and atmosphere through the teat. Referring to Fig. 6 the lip valve 124 can be seen viewed from the underside. In the embodiment shown it will be seen that a passage 125 actually passes through the lip valve, communicating with the vent passage 126. In that case the aperture to the passage 125 will seal against the inner face of the vessel in the sealed configuration and unseal to provide a passage.
Alternatively the slit valve 124 can comprise a flap which flexes away from the interior surface to allow communication with a vent passage as described above.
The teat assembly 140 also has a positive engagement stop providing tactile feedback to ensure that the teat assembly is corrected tightened on the vessel and allows the lip valve to seal effectively. Referring to Figs. 7a to 7c, for example, it will be seen that a vessel 400 receives a handle portion 402 and a teat screw collar 404, corresponding to the screw collar 130 described above but with the elastomer teat 10 removed for the purposes of clarity of understanding.
The handle portion 402 includes a cut-out portion 406 which cooperates with projections 408a, 408b on the vessel to locate the handle portion in a predetermined position. The handle portion is placed over the vessel and located in the desired orientation and then the collar 404, including an internal thread portion allowing mounting on the vessel 400 is screwed into position as described above, securing the handle portion 402 in place.
As can best be seen in Fig. 4b, the collar portion 404 includes an internal lug 410 which projects inwardly from the inner face and engages against a stop feature on the screw threaded portion of the vessel 400 formed by the projections 408a, 408b such that the teat 110 "clicks" into a desired position. As a result a controlled compression on the lip valve 124 is obtained such that a consistent and repeatable valving action is obtained on each use. In particular the projections 408a, 408b are separated by a recess, 408c best seen in Fig. 7c. When the collar 404 is screwed into place the lug 410 passes over the projection 408b which has a ramp towards the recess 408c. After the lug 410 has ridden up the ramp it drops into the recess 408c and is obstructed from
further movement by the planar face of the projection 408a. The lug 410 further prevents the collar 404 from being unscrewed by virtue of its engagement with the abutting face of the projection 408b. However the lug 410 and projection 408b have chamfered or radiussed abutting faces such that, on application of sufficient unscrewing pressure, the lug 410 rides over the chamfered face of the projection 408b and then down the ramp allowing the collar to be fully unscrewed.
In operation the vessel is filled with drinking liquid and the teat assembly 140 is screwed on until positive engagement is detected (for example a discernable "click") meaning that it is correctly fitted. When the infant then drinks from the vessel the pressure difference pulls the lip valve 124 away from the inner face of the neck 128 of the vessel 112 allowing venting through vent passage 126 and hence reducing the risk of colic. Because of the provision of the lip valve there is no requirement for providing slits and a natural, robust and resilient valve assembly is provided. Furthermore, the valve is formed during the moulding operation and requires no secondary operation for its formation providing commercial and manufacturing benefits. Yet further as a single vent passage is provided at one point on the teat, the risk of leakage is reduced, especially as the vent passes through the teat rather than around the vessel neck.
It will be appreciated that the teat can be formed of any material and can be any appropriate shape which may be, for example, non-symmetrical such as a shaped or orthodontic teat or even more closely mimicking the shape of the human breast. Different teat configurations can be provided to grow with different ages of infant. For example the teat portion can be made progressively longer as the age of the infant who will be using the teat
increases and/or the texture can be made less prominent, for example ranging from coarse for new-borns through fine to gloss.
In the teat of the first embodiment, the flex channels in the flex region can be of any appropriate profile for example square, semi-circular or triangular in cross-section and can be provided on the inner or outer surface of the teat and in any appropriate number. Instead of providing thinned regions the flexed channels can be formed by a concertina or bellows configurations moulded into the teat or any other appropriate hinge or fold mechanism. Furthermore features of either the first or second embodiment can be interchanged or juxtaposed with one another or implemented in other types of drinking vessel cover as appropriate. For example the lip valve can be implemented in a trainer cup cover, a sports bottle or other vessel closures capable of forming a partial vacuum hi a vessel in use.
It will be appreciated that whilst the Figures show a soother comprising a teat of the first embodiment, the invention also encompasses a soother comprising a teat of the second embodiment. The soother comprising the teat and shield/ring components can be formed from any appropriate material. For example, the teat can be formed from silicone, latex or Thermoplastic Elastomer (TPE), whilst the shield and ring can be formed from thermoplastic materials such as polypropylene PP, polycarbonate PC or similar material blends as appropriate. Furthermore, the soother can be manufactured by any appropriate moulding method.
1. A nipple (10) comprising a base portion (14), a teat portion (12) and an areola portion (16) therebetween from which the teat portion (12) extends, characterized in that the areola portion (16) includes a flex region (20) comprising a plurality of flex channels (22), wherein the flex channels (22) are arranged to provide movement of the teat portion (12) and areola portion (16) in a direction towards and away from one another, wherein the teat portion (12) includes a helical groove (122) on an inner surface thereof forming a flow passage, and wherein the flex channels (22) are provided in the areola portion (16).
2. A nipple (10) as claimed in claim 1, in which the flex channels (22) comprise grooves formed in the areola region (16).
3. A nipple (10) as claimed in claim 2, in which the grooves (22) formed in the areola region (16) are parallel with one another.
4. A nipple (10) as claimed in any preceding claim, in which a first transition area extends between the base portion (14) and the areola portion (16) and a second transition area extends between the areola portion (16) and the teat portion (12) and in which the flex region (20) is provided intermediate the first and second transition areas.
5. A nipple (10) as claimed in any preceding claim, in which the flex region (20) is provided in a plane transverse to the direction of movement of the teat portion (12).
6. A nipple (10) as claimed in any preceding claim, in which the teat portion (12) material is flexible in the direction movement of the teat portion (12) and the areola portion (16) towards and away from one another.
7. A nipple (10) as claimed in claim 1, in which the helical groove (122) has a depth of half of the thickness of the nipple wall.
8. A nipple (10) as claimed in claim 1 or claim 7, in which the helical groove (122) has a pitch of 3mm.
9. A nipple (10) as claimed in claim 1, wherein the flex channels (22) comprise a plurality of undulating grooves on a surface of the areola portion (16).
10. A nipple (10) as claimed in claim 9, in which the undulating grooves are on an inner surface of the areola portion (16).
11. A nipple (10) as claimed in any preceding claim, wherein the nipple is comprised in a soother.
12. A nipple (10) as claimed in any preceding claims, wherein the nipple is comprised in a teat assembly (140), said teat assembly (140) comprising a resilient flange portion (141) arranged to seal against an inner face (128) of a vessel, in which the teat assembly (140) has an air vent passage (126) therethrough and the resilient flange portion (141) has a valve portion (124) associated with the vent passage (126) and arranged to deform away from inner face (128) under negative pressure to allow air venting through the vent passage (126).
13. A nipple (10) as claimed in claim 12 wherein, said valve portion (124) comprises a lip
14. A nipple (10) as claimed in claim 13, wherein, said lip valve comprises a flap.
15. A nipple (10) as claimed in claim 13, wherein, said lip valve comprises a passage (125)
communicating with the vent passage (126) and an aperture to the passage (125) arranged
to seal against the inner face (128) in a sealed configuration and to unseal to provide a
16. A nipple (10) as claimed in any of claims 12 to 15, wherein the teat assembly (140)
comprises a positive engagement formation (410) for indicating correct connection to a
drinking vessel (400).
17. A nipple (10) as claimed in any of claims 1 to 10 or 12 to 15, wherein the nipple is comprised in a vessel (112).
|Indian Patent Application Number||671/DELNP/2007|
|PG Journal Number||32/2013|
|Date of Filing||24-Jan-2007|
|Name of Patentee||JACKEL INTERNATIONAL LIMITED|
|Applicant Address||DUDLEY LANE, CRAMLINGTON, NORTHUMBERLAND NE23 7RH, GREAT BRITAIN.|
|PCT International Classification Number||A61J 11/00|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/GB2005/002532|
|PCT International Filing date||2005-06-29|