|Title of Invention||
QUICK CONNECTION FOR THE REMOVABLE JOIN OF TWO PIPES
|Abstract||The present invention relates to a quick connection which comprises two elements, male and female, adapted to fit axially in each other. The body of the female element is equipped with a loaded bolt, mounted to slide in this body and pierced with a central opening for fit of the male element, the wall of this opening being equipped with three teeth offset with respect to one another along a median axis of the opening. The male element is provided with a shoulder adapted to rest selectively against one of the teeth. Means allow the downstream pipe to be placed in communication with the ambient atmosphere when the male element rests by its shoulder against the intermediate tooth. Figure 1|
|Full Text||FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present invention relates to a quick connection for the removable join of two pipes through which a pressurized fluid passes.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
Patent FR 2 514 855 discloses a quick connection which comprises two elements, male and female, adapted to fit axially, provoking the opening of a valve mounted in the body of the female element, this body being equipped with a loaded bolt, mounted to slide in this body and pierced with a central opening for the fit of the male element. The wall of the opening of the bolt presents three teeth offset with respect to one another along a median axis of this opening, while the male element is provided with a shoulder adapted to rest selectively against one of these teeth. The movement of unlocking of this known connection takes place in two steps corresponding respectively to the abutment of the shoulder of the male element on the intermediate tooth and on the tooth nearest to the opening of the female element. When the male element rests by its shoulder against the tooth nearest the opening, the air contained in the conduit connected to the male element may be driven to the outside without too great a risk of tear of the male element or of a whipping movement of the pipe associated therewith.
This conventional arrangement is satisfactory from the standpoint of robustness and of reliability.
However, when the male element is in abutment by its shoulder against the intermediate tooth, it exerts thereon an effort which depends on the pressure of the fluid present in the pipe connected to the male element. This effort induces frictions which oppose the slide of the bolt in the body of the female element. In order to overcome these efforts of friction, it is necessary to use a
powerful spring which elastically loads the lock towards a position of disengagement of the intermediate tooth. This may prove a hindrance during the coupling of the connection as the effort generated by this spring must be overcome in order to allow the introduction of the male element in the female element.
In other words, a connection of the afore-mentioned type becomes difficult to manoeuvre when it is used with a fluid at relatively high pressure. Now, such a connection must be able to be used for fluid networks at 6 or 10 bars, and even 25 bars, in which case it is effectively delicate to manoeuvre manually.
In practice, the geometry of the male connector element, which is standardized, should not be modified.
It is an object of the present invention to propose a quick connection which may be easily manoeuvred, including when the pressure of the fluid is relatively high, and which comprises a standard male connector.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
To that end, the invention relates to a connection of the afore-mentioned type which comprises means for placing the downstream pipe in communication with the ambient atmosphere when the male element rests by its shoulder against the intermediate tooth.
Thanks to the invention, the downstream pipe may be drained of the fluid that it contains, while the male connector is in abutment on the intermediate tooth, with the result that, when this draining operation is terminated, the pressure prevailing in the downstream pipe is substantially equal to the ambient pressure and the shoulder does not exert a considerable effort on the intermediate tooth, this allowing the bolt to be easily manoeuvred.
According to advantageous but non-obligatory aspects of the invention, this connection incorporates one or more of the following characteristics:
- The afore-mentioned communicating means comprise at least one orifice formed in the body of the female element, downstream of the valve. This orifice may advantageously be obturated by the male element when the latter rests by its shoulder against the tooth most remote from the opening of a central conduit of the female element. In other words, this orifice is closed when the connection is in passing configuration. In addition, this orifice may be provided to extend in a direction which is substantially radial with respect to the axis of fit of the male and female elements.
- The communicating means are arranged in a zone of the body of the female element distinct from the part in which the bolt slides. Thanks to this aspect of the invention, the fluid coming from the downstream pipe does not risk disturbing slide of the bolt.
- The communicating means are arranged upstream of that part of the body of the female element in which the bolt slides.
- The female element is equipped with means adapted to ensure seal of the connection between the male and female elements, while, when it rests against the intermediate tooth, the male connector is disengaged with respect to the sealing means. In this way, the sealing means do not oppose the drain of the downstream pipe.
The invention will be more readily undestood on reading the following description of an embodiment of a quick connection in accordance with its principle, given solely by way of example and made with reference to the accompanying drawings, in which:
Figure 1 is an axial section of a quick connection according to the present
invention, the male and female elements being shown in passing and locked
Figure 2 is a section similar to Figure 1 during a first step of opening of
Figure 3 is a section similar to Figure 1 during a second step of opening of the connection, and
Figure 4 is a section similar to Figure 1 when the male and female elements are uncoupled.
DESCRIPTION OF PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
Referring now to the drawings, the connection shown in Figures 1 to 4 comprises a female element A and a male element or connector B connected respectively to an upstream pipe Ci and to a downstream pipe C2. The upstream pipe Ci is itself connected to a source of fluid under pressure (not shown).
The body 1 of the female element presents a substantially cylindrical and circular outer shape, centred on an axis X-X' which is also the longitudinal axis of a conduit 11, inside the body 1 and in which is disposed a valve 2 mobile along axis X-X'. The body 1 is also equipped with a seal 3 forming seat for the valve and disposed inside a groove 12 made in the wall of the conduit 11.
The body 1 forms a second groove 13 for receiving an 0-ring 4.
The body 1 is also provided with a cylindrical housing 14 extending substantially in the direction of an axis Y-Y' perpendicular to axis X-X'.
Inside the housing 14 there is slidably mounted a bolt 5 on which a spring 6 exerts an elastic effort Fi directed opposite the bottom 14a of the housing 14, i.e. in the direction of its opening 14b. The movement of the bolt 5 under the effort F1 is limited by a projection 51 coming into abutment against a shoulder 14c of the housing 14.
The spring 6 is truncated in shape and engages in a reinforcement 56 provided on the outer surface of the bolt 5.
The bolt 5 is provided with a central opening 52 centred on an axis X5-X'5 parallel to axis X-X'. The opening 52 is bordered by three teeth.
A first tooth 53 forms a surface 53a substantially perpendicular to axis
A second tooth 54 is made on the side of the bolt 5 opposite spring 6. It defines a surface 54a substantially perpendicular to axis Xs-X's.
A third tooth 55 is arranged on the side of the bolt 5 nearest the spring 6 and forms a surface 55a substantially perpendicular to axis X5-X5
The teeth 53, 54 and 55 extend from the circumference of the opening 52 in the direction of axis X5-X'5. The tooth 53 is the most remote from the opening 15 of the conduit 11, while tooth 55 is the closest to this opening, tooth 54 being intermediary between teeth 53 and 55.
A bore 16 connects the conduit 11, downstream of the valve 2, with the outer atmosphere E. In practice, and as is visible in Figures 3 and 4, a plurahty of bores of the type such as bore 16 may be distributed about axis X-X', one of these other bores appearing with reference 16'. In the example shown, the body 1 is provided with three bores 16' distributed at 120° about axis X-X'.
The male connector B comprises a metallic body 7 provided with a flange 71 forming a shoulder 72 intended to come selectively into abutment against one of the teeth 53, 54 or 55.
The flange 71 is also provided with an inclined ramp 73 which is truncated and convergent in the direction of the front end 74 of the body 7.
Functioning is as follows:
When element B is fitted in element A, the functioning is similar to that
of the known connection of FR 2514855.
This makes it possible to attain the position of Figure 1 where the flow of the fluid is represented by arrows F2. In this position, the connector B is in contact with the O-ring 4, which avoids leakages towards the outside of the connection.
In the configuration of Figure 1, the body 7 obturates the bores 16 and
16From this position, and when it is desired to uncouple elements A and B, it suffices to exert on the bolt 5 an effort F3 opposite effort Fi, which has the effect of causing the bolt 5 to slide in the housing 14 in the direction of the bottom 14a, this making it possible to disengage the teeth 53 with respect to the flange 71. Due to this displacement, the tooth 54 is placed on the path of disengagement of the shoulder 72 which then comes into abutment against the surface 54a. In this position shown in Figure 2, the front end 74 of the body 7 is disengaged with respect to the valve 2 and to the O-ring 4, while the bore 16 is in communication with the inner volume 75 of the body 7, this allowing a flow of the fluid from the downstream pipe C2 towards the outside E, as represented by arrow F4. The fluid located in the upstream pipe Ci remains upstream of the valve 2 which is in firm abutment against its seat 3 under the effect of the pressure P prevailing in the upstream part of the conduit 11.
Thanks to the flow F4, the pressure P' in the volume 75 decreases rapidly, with the result that the effort of friction between the shoulder 72 and the surface 54a decreases rapidly. When this effort of pressure attains a lower threshold value, this effort is overcome by the effort F1 and the spring 6 pushes the bolt 5 towards the position of Figure 3 where the connector 7 is efficiently retained in position thanks to the cooperation of the surface 55a and of the shoulder 72.
As the effort of friction between the surfaces 72 and 54a is relatively low, the effort F1 which must be exerted by the spring 6 in order to return the bolt 5 towards the position of Figure 3 is not too great, even if the original pressure P is relatively high. In effect, this effort F1 is independent of this pressure, as it occurs after the drain of the pipe through bores 16 and 16'.
The stiffness constant of the spring 6 may thus be chosen with a relatively low value. In this way, the user does not perceive too great a resistance to the effort F3 which he must exert.
The male element B may then be definitively released by a fresh pressing on the bolt 5, as represented by arrow F'3 in Figure 4, this pressing having the effect of retracting the tooth 55 with respect to the flange 71. The connector B may in that case be withdrawn as represented by arrow F5.
The invention makes it possible to effect draining of the downstream pipe on the intermediate tooth and, in this wav, to limit the effort to be overcome in order to pass from the position of Figure 2 to that of Figure 3, i.e. to limit the stiffness constant of the spring 6. This stiffness constant being less than in the known devices, the effort F3 or F'3 to be exerted in order to drive the bolt 5 in the housing 14, may be lower.
The fact that the bores 16 and 16' are located in a zone 17 of the body 1 distinct from the housing 14 avoids the essential of the flow F4 propagating towards the interior of the housing 14 and tending to push the bolt 5 against the effort F3, which might cause the user instinctively to increase the pressure that he exerts with his finger on the outer surface 56 of the bolt or button 5, and cause a complete unlocking of the connection before total drain of the downstream pipe C2.
The invention therefore ensures that the pipe C2 is efficiently drained
before the male element B is withdrawn from the female element A.
1. Quick connection for the removable join of two pipes through which a pressurized fluid passes, said connection comprising two elements, male and female, adapted to fit axially in each other, the body of the female element being equipped with a loaded bolt, mounted to slide in said body and pierced with a central opening for fit of said male element, the wall of the opening of the bolt being equipped with three teeth offset with respect to one another along a median axis of said opening, while said male element is provided with a shoulder adapted to rest selectively against one of said teeth, characterized in that said connection comprises means (16, 16') for placing the downstream pipe (C2) in communication with the ambient atmosphere (E) when said male element (B) rests by its shoulder (72) against the intermediate tooth (54).
2. Quick connection according to Claim 1, characterized in that said communicating means comprise at least one orifice (16, 16') formed in said body (1) of the female element (A), downstream of said valve (2).
3. Quick connection according to Claim 2, characterized in that said orifice (16, 16') is adapted to be obturated by said male element (B) when said male element rests by its shoulder (72) against the tooth (53) most remote from the opening (15) of a central conduit (11) of said female element (A).
4. Quick connection according to one of Claims 2 or 3, characterized in that said orifice (16, 16') extends in a direction substantially radial with respect to the axis (X-X') of fit of said male (B) and female (A) elements.
5. Quick connection according to one of the preceding Claims, characterized in that said communicating means (16) are disposed in a zone (17) of said body (1) of the female element (A) distinct from the part (14) in which said bolt (5) slides (F1, F3).
6. Quick connection according to one ot the preceamg claims, charactarized in that said communicating means (16) are disposed upstream of that part (14) of said body (1) of the female element (A) in which said bolt (5) slides (Fi, F3).
7. Connection according to one of the preceding Claims, characterized in that said female element (A) is equipped with means (4) adapted to ensure seal of the connection between the male and female elements (A, B) and in that, when said male element rests by its shoulder (72) against the intermediate tooth (54), it is disengaged with respect to said sealing means.
8. A quick connection for the removable join substantially as herein described with reference to the accompanying drawings.
|Indian Patent Application Number||82/MAS/2003|
|PG Journal Number||26/2012|
|Date of Filing||30-Jan-2003|
|Name of Patentee||STAUBLI FAVERGES|
|Applicant Address||F-74210 FAVERGES FRANCE|
|PCT International Classification Number||F16L-37/084|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|