Title of Invention  "A METHOD OF SELECTING A TRANSMISSION MODE AND RATE SELECTION IN A MULTIPLEINPUT MULTIPLEOUTPUT (MIMO) WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM AND APPARATUS" 

Abstract  A method of selecting a transmission mode and rate selection in a multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) wireless communication system, comprising obtaining channel state information indicative of received signal quality for a wireless channel used for data transmission, signal quality for a wireless channel used for data transmission, obtaining channel information used to transmit data on eigenmodes of a MIMO channel from a steered or unsteered MIMO pilot, wherein the steered MIMO pilot is a pilot sent on the eigenmodes of the MIMO charmel and the unsteered MIMO pilot is a pilot comprised of N pilot transmission sent from N transmit antennas, determining the age of the channel information and the channel state information, selecting a transmission mode from among a plurality of transmission modes based on the age of the channel information, wherein the plurality of transmission modes comprises a steered mode wherein data is transmitted on the eigenmodes of the MIMO channel and an unsteered mode wherein the channel information is not used to transmit data on spatial channels of the MIMO channel and selecting at least one rate for data transmission based on the charmel state information and the age of the charmel state information, wherein data is transmitted via the wireless channel in accordance with the selected transmission mode and the selected at least one rate. 
Full Text  TRANSMISSION MODE AND RATE SELECTION FOR A WIRELESS COMMUNICATION SYSTEM I. Claim of Priority under 35 U.S.C. §119 [0001] The present Application for Patent claims priority to Provisional Application Serial No. 60/569,201, entitled 'Transmission Mode Selection and Rate Selection for a Wireless Communication System," filed May 7, 2004, and assigned to the assignee hereof and hereby expressly incorporated by reference herein. BACKGROUND I. Field [0002] The present invention relates generally to communication, and more specifically to transmission mode and rate selection for a wireless communication system. II. Background [0003] A wireless multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) system employs multiple (NT) transmit antennas at a transmitting entity and multiple (NR) receive antennas at a receiving entity for data transmission. A MIMO channel formed by the NT transmit antennas and NR receive antennas may be decomposed into NS spatial channels, where Ns [0004] Each spatial channel may experience various deleterious channel conditions such as, e.g., fading, multipath, and interference effects. The Ns spatial channels may experience different channel conditions and may achieve different signaltonoiseandinterference ratios (SNRs). The SNR of each spatial channel determines its transmission capacity, which is typically quantified by a particular data rate that may be reliably transmitted on the spatial channel. For a time variant' MIMO channel, the channel condition changes over time and the SNR of each spatial channel also changes over time. The different SNRs for different spatial channels plus the time varying nature of the SNR for each spatial channel make it challenging to efficiently transmit data in a MIMO system. [0005] There is therefore a need in the art for techniques to efficiently transmit data in a timevarying wireless system. SUMMARY [0006] Techniques for selecting a suitable transmission mode and one or more suitable rates for data transmission in a wireless (e.g., MEMO) communication system are described herein. According to an embodiment of the invention, a method is provided in which the age of channel information available for use to transmit data via a wireless channel is determined. A transmission mode is selected from among multiple transmission modes based on the age of the channel information. Data is transmitted via the wireless channel in accordance with the selected transmission mode. [0007] According to another embodiment, an apparatus is described which includes a controller and a spatial processor. The controller determines the age of channel information available for use to transmit data via a wireless channel and selects a transmission mode from among multiple transmission modes based on the age of the channel information. The spatial processor spatially processes data in accordance with the selected transmission mode. [0008] According to yet another embodiment, an apparatus is described which includes means for determining the age of channel information available for use to transmit data via a wireless channel and means for selecting a transmission mode from among multiple transmission modes based on the age of the channel information. [0009] According to yet another embodiment of the invention, a method is provided in which channel state information indicative of received signal quality for a wireless channel used for data transmission is obtained. The age of the channel state information is determined. At least one rate is selected for data transmission via the wireless channel based on the channel state information and the age of the channel state information. [0010] According to yet another embodiment, an apparatus is described which includes a controller and a data processor. The controller obtains channel state information indicative of received signal quality for a wireless channel used for data transmission, determines the age of the channel state information, and selects at least one rate for data transmission via the wireless channel based on the channel state information and the age of the channel state information. The data processor processes data in accordance with the at least one rate selected by the controller. [0011] According to yet another embodiment, an apparatus is described which includes means for obtaining channel state information indicative of received signal qualityfor a wireless channel used for data transmission, means for determining the age of the channel state information, and means for selecting at least one rate for data transmission via the wireless channel based on the channel state information and the age of the channel state information. [0012] According to yet another embodiment, a method is provided in which the age of channel information available for use to transmit data via a wireless channel is determined. A transmission mode is selected from among multiple transmission modes based on the age of the channel information. Channel state information indicative of received signal quality for the wireless channel is obtained. The age of the channel state information is determined. At least one rate is selected for data transmission based on the channel state information and the age of the channel state information. Data is transmitted via the wireless channel in accordance with the transmission mode and the at least one rate selected for data transmission. [0013] Various aspects and embodiments of the invention are described in further detail below. BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS [0014] FIGS. 1A and IB show two exemplary pilot and data transmission schemes. [0015] FIG. 2 shows a frame structure that may be used for the MIMO system. [0016] FIG. 3 shows a process for selecting a transmission mode for data transmission. [0017] FIG. 4 shows a process for selecting rate(s) for data transmission. [0018] FIG. 5 shows a block diagram of stations A and B. DETAILED DESCRIPTION [0019] The word "exemplary" is used herein to mean "serving as an example, instance, or illustration." Any embodiment described herein as "exemplary" is not necessarily to be construed as preferred or advantageous over other embodiments. [0020] The transmission mode and rate selection techniques described herein may be used for various wireless communication systems. These techniques may be used for singlecarrier as well as multicarrier systems. These techniques may also be used for time division duplex (TDD) as well as frequency division duplex (FDD) systems. For an FDD system, the downlink (or forward link) and uplink (or reverse link) are allocated different frequency bands, and the channel response for one link may not correlate well with the channel response for the other link. For a TDD system, the downlink and uplink share the same frequency band, and a high degree of correlation normally exists between the downlink and uplink channel responses. Pilot transmission, channel estimation, and spatial processing may be performed in a manner to take advantage of this correlation. For clarity, the transmission mode and rate selection is described below for an exemplary singlecarrier TDD MIMO system. Also for clarity, station A is a transmitting entity and station B is a receiving entity for a data transmission from station A to station B. Each station may be an access point (which is also referred to as a base station) or a user terminal (which is also referred to as a mobile station, a user equipment, a wireless device, and so on). [0021] The exemplary MIMO system supports multiple transmission modes for improved performance and greater flexibility. Each transmission mode may perform spatial processing (if at all) in a different manner and may or may not require channel information for spatial processing. Table 1 lists some exemplary transmission modes and their short descriptions. (Table Remove) The steered mode uses channel information (e.g., eigenvectors) to transmit data on orthogonal spatial channels (or "eigenmodes") of a MIMO channel. The unsteered mode does not need any channel information to transmit data on spatial channels of the MEMO channel. [0022] The MIMO system may employ spatial spreading for the unsteered mode to enhance performance. With spatial spreading, station A performs spatial processing with different steering matrices so that a data transmission observes an ensemble of effective channels and is not stuck on a single bad channel realization for an extended period of time. Consequently, performance, is not dictated by the worstcase channel condition. [0023] Each transmission mode has different capabilities and requirements. The steered mode can typically achieve better performance and may be used if station A has sufficient channel information to transmit data on orthogonal spatial channels. The unsteered mode does not require channel information, but performance may not be as good as the steered mode. A suitable transmission mode may be selected for use depending on the available channel information, the capabilities of stations A and B, system requirements, and so on. [0024] For the steered mode, data is transmitted on Ns eigenmodes of the MIMO channel formed by the NT transmit antennas at station A and the NR receive antennas at station B. The MIMO channel may be characterized by an NR xNT channel response matrix H, which may be "diagonalized" to obtain the Ns eigenmodes of the MIMO channel. This diagonalization may be achieved by performing either singular value decomposition of H or eigenvalue decomposition of a correlation matrix of H, which is R=HWH, where Hw denotes the conjugate transpose of H. The singular value decomposition of H may be expressed as: H = U S Vw , Eq(l) where U is an NR x NR unitary matrix of left eigenvectors of H; £ is an NR x NT diagonal matrix of singular values of H; and V is an NT x NT unitary matrix of right eigenvectors of H. A unitary matrix M is characterized by the property MHM = I, where I is the identity matrix. The columns of a unitary matrix are orthogonal to one another. The right eigenvectors in V may be used for spatial processing by station A to transmit data on the NS eigenmodes of H. The left eigenvectors in U may be used for receiver spatial processing by station B to recover the data transmitted on the N$ eigenmodes. The diagonal matrix E contains nonnegative real values along the diagonal and zeros elsewhere. These diagonal entries are referred to as singular values of H and represent the channel gains for the NS eigenmodes. The diagonal elements of I, may be ordered from largest to smallest, and the columns of V and tJ may be ordered correspondingly, as described below. Singular value decomposition is described by Gilbert Strang in "Linear Algebra and Its Applications," Second Edition, Academic Press, 1980. [0025] Station A performs spatial processing for the steered mode as follows: where s is a vector with up to Ns data symbols to be sent on the Ns eigenmodes; and x1 is a vector with NT transmit symbols to be sent from the NT transmit antennas. As used herein, a "data symbol" is a modulation symbol for data, a "pilot symbol" is a modulation symbol for pilot (which is data that is known a priori by both stations A and B), a "transmit symbol" is a symbol to be sent from a transmit antenna, and a "received symbol" is a symbol obtained from a receive antenna. [0026] The received symbols at station B may be expressed as: rJ=HxJ+n = HVs + n = H;jrs + n , Eq (3) where r* is a vector with NR received symbols for the NR receive antennas; H*^ =HV is an effective MIMO channel response matrix observed by s for the steered mode; and n is a noise vector. For simplicity, the noise is assumed to be additive white Gaussian noise (AWGN) with a zero mean vector and a covariance matrix of 07^ = &*oise • I, where cr*oise is the variance of the noise. Station B may recover the data symbols in s using various receiver processing techniques. [0027] Station B may perform fullCSI spatial processing for the steered mode as follows: !/„, = £~l • U" • I* = S"1 • MW H • xJ + nfcsi = s + n/ai. , Eq (4) where s^,, is a vector with up to Ns "detected" data symbols, which are estimates of the up to NS data symbols in s; and n/CJ) is the noise after the receiver spatial processing. [0028] Alternatively, station B may perform minimum mean square error (MMSE) spatial processing, as follows: . , Bq(5) where M'mmsi = [H'eff H^ + a2noist I]' . H;/ is an MMSE spatial filter matrix; Bmm« = [diag [Q^]] "' is a diagonal matrix ; and 2mm« is the MMSE filtered noise for the steered mode. The spatial filter matrix M^ minimizes the mean square error between the symbol estimates from the spatial filter and the data symbols in s . The symbol estimates from the spatial filter are unnormalized estimates of the data symbols. The multiplication with the scaling matrix D^ provides normalized estimates of the data symbols. [0029] For the unsteered mode with spatial spreading, station A performs spatial processing as follows: x"=VHs, Eq(6) where VM is an NT x NT steering matrix for spatial spreading; and x" is a vector with NT transmit symbols for the unsteered mode. With spatial spreading, each data symbol in s is spatially spread with a respective column of VH . The matrix Vn typically changes over time and/or frequency but is known by both stations A and B. Each transmit symbol in x" includes a component of each of the NS data symbols in s . [0030] The received symbols at station B for the unsteered mode may be expressed as: r"=H x"+n = H VH s + n = H^ s + n , Eq(7) where ru is a vector with NR received symbols for the NR receive antennas; and H"^ =H Vw is an effective MIMO channel response matrix observed by s for the unsteered mode with spatial spreading. [0031] Station B may perform channel correlation matrix inversion (CCMI) spatial processing, which is also commonly referred to as a zeroforcing, as follows: q(8) H H where M"^, =[R"eff H^r'H^ is a CCMI spatial filter matrix; and nuccmi is the CCMI filtered noise for the unsteered mode. [0032] Alternatively, station B may perform MMSE spatial processing as follows: •ML™ I =Bl« Q^ s+lC^ , Eq (9) where ML^fH^ H^+an20/JeI]'H^ is an MMSE spatial filter matrix; Q" =M" H" ; ^^ fMMirj* ' • mrnsf — en * fiL«« istne MMSE filtered noise for the unsteered mode. [0033] As shown in equations (5) and (8), station B may perform MMSE spatial processing for both the steered and unsteered modes. However, different matrices H*^ and H"ff are used for the steered and unsteered modes, respectively. [0034] If spatial spreading is not used for the unsteered mode, then the transmit vector may be expressed as: x" = s. Station B may recover the data symbols in s using CCMI or MMSE receiver spatial processing. However, the spatial filter matrix would be derived based on H instead of H"^ . [0035] Station A performs spatial processing with V for the steered mode. Station B performs spatial matched filtering with U (or with H and V) for the steered mode and with H and VH for the unsteered mode. An estimate of H may be obtained by one station based on an "unsteered MIMO" pilot sent by the other station. An unsteered MIMO pilot is a pilot comprised of N pilot transmissions sent from N transmit antennas, where the pilot transmission from each transmit antenna is identifiable by the receiving entity, N = NT if the unsteered MEMO pilot is sent by station A, and N = NR if the unsteered MIMO pilot is sent by station B. This may be achieved, for example, by using a different orthogonal sequence for the pilot transmission from each transmit antenna and/or sending the pilot transmission for each transmit antenna on a different frequency subband. The unsteered MIMO pilot may be expressed as: x,0,(0 = w(0p(0 , Eq(10) where p(f) is a pilot symbol to be transmitted in symbol period i; w(i) is a vector with N chips for the N transmit antennas for symbol period i; and Xp/to (0 is a transmit vector for the unsteered MIMO pilot for symbol period i. [0036] For example, if N=4, then four Walsh vectors w(0) = [l 1 1 1]T, w(l) = [l 1 1 l]r, w(2) = [l 1 1 l]r, and w(3) = [l 1 1 l]r may be used for four symbol periods, where " r " denotes a transpose. A complete unsteered MMO pilot may be sent in N (consecutive or nonconsecutive) symbol periods, or one symbol period for each chip of the orthogonal sequence. Upon receiving the complete unsteered MIMO pilot, the receiving entity can perform the complementary processing on the received pilot to estimate H. For simplicity, the following description assumes no error in channel estimation. [0037] For a TDD system, the downlink and uplink channel responses may be assumed to be reciprocal of one another. That is, if H represents a channel response matrix from antenna array X to antenna array Y, then a reciprocal channel implies that the coupling from array Y to array X is given by HT. However, the responses of the transmit and receive chains at station A are typically different from the responses of the transmit and receive chains at station B. Calibration may be performed to derive correction matrices that can account for the difference in the responses of the transmit and receive chains at the two stations. The application of the correction matrices at these two stations allows a calibrated channel response for one link to be expressed as a transpose of a calibrated channel response for the other link. For simplicity, the following description assumes a flat frequency response for the transmit and receive chains, Hnfr =H is the channel response matrix for the link from station A to station B, and Hte = Hr is the channel response matrix for the link from station B to station A. [0038] The singular value decomposition of Hal) and Hin may be expressed as: Hflt=U.ZVH and H*, = V* • 2 • if , Eq(ll) where V* is a complex conjugate of V. As shown in equation (11), U and V are matrices of left and right eigenvectors of Hfl6, and V* and U* are matrices of left and right eigenvectors of H6fl. Stations A and B may use the matrices V and U*, respectively, for spatial processing to transmit data for the steered mode. [0039] Because of the reciprocal channel, one station may perform the singular value decomposition to obtain either V or U*. This station may then transmit a "steered MIMO" pilot, which is a pilot sent on the eigenmodes of the MEMO channel. The other station may then estimate its matrix of eigenvectors based on the steered MIMO pilot. [0040] Station A may transmit a steered MMO pilot as follows: x;to.m=vm/7n , Eq(12) where vm is the mth eigenvector/column of V; pn is a pilot symbol to be transmitted on the mth eigenmode of HaA; and x'pua.n, is a transmit vector for the steered MIMO pilot for the mth eigenmode. [0041] The received steered MIMO pilot at station B may be expressed as: rspiio,.m=nal,xPiio,,m+n = UZV" vmpm+n = umffmpm+n , Eq(13) where rspilol is the received vector for the steered MIMO pilot for the mth eigenmode; (Tm is the mth diagonal element of 2; and um is the mth eigenvector/column of U. ./Equation (13) indicates that station B may obtain an estimate of U, one column at a time, based on a steered MIMO pilot sent by station A. Station A may send a complete steered MIMO pilot on all NS eigenmodes in one or more (consecutive or nonconsecutive) symbol periods. Station B may also transmit a steered MIMO pilot to station A in similar manner using the columns of U . [0042] Pilot and data may be transmitted in various manners in the MIMO system. For the steered mode, station A uses channel information (or "eigensteering" information) to transmit data on the eigenmodes of the MIMO channel. The channel information may be in the form of H (which may be obtained from an unsteered MIMO pilot sent by station B) or in the form of U or V (which may be obtained from a steered MIMO pilot sent by station B). Station B also uses channel information (e.g., H, U, or V for the steered mode, and H for the unsteered mode) to recover a data transmission from station A. For both modes, station B may estimate the. received SNRs for the spatial channels, determine the rate(s) supported by the received SNRs, and send either the received SNRs or the supported rate(s) to station A. Station A may then select a suitable transmission mode and suitable rate(s) for data transmission to station B based on the received feedback and possibly other information. For clarity, the rates selected by station B are referred to as the initial rates, and the rates selected by station A are referred to as the final rates. Also for clarity, the following description assumes that station B sends rate information (instead of SNR information) back to station A. [0043] FIG. 1A shows an exemplary pilot and data transmission scheme 100 for the M1MO system. Initially, station A transmits an unsteered MEMO pilot (block 112). Station B receives and processes the unsteered MIMO pilot and obtains an estimate of the channel response matrix H (block 114). Station B also estimates the received SNRs for the (orthogonal or nonorthogonal) spatial channels of the MEMO channel based on the received pilot (block 116). Station B also determines either an initial rate for each eigenmode (for the steered mode) or a single initial rate for the MIMO channel (for the unsteered mode) based on the received SNRs (also block 116). The initial rate(s) are applicable for a data transmission from station A to station B. [0044] Station B transmits either an unsteered MIMO pilot or a steered MIMO pilot using the eigenvectors derived from H (block 118). Station A receives and processes the steered or unsteered MIMO pilot to obtain a channel estimate for the link from station A to station B (block 120). Station B also sends the initial rate(s) to station A (block 122). Station A receives the initial rate(s) and determines a transmission mode and final rate(s) to use for data transmission to station B, as described below (block 124). Station A then transmits data to station B using the selected transmission mode / and final rate(s) (block 126). Station B receives and processes the data transmission from station A (block 128). [0045] FIG. IB shows another exemplary pilot and data transmission scheme 102 for the MIMO system. Initially, station B transmits an unsteered MIMO pilot (block 112). Station A receives and processes the unsteered MEMO pilot and obtains an estimate of the channel response matrix H (block 114). Station A then transmits either an unsteered MIMO pilot or a steered MIMO pilot using the eigenvectors derived from H (block 118). Station B receives and processes the steered or unsteered MIMO pilot to obtain a channel estimate for the link from station A to station B (block 120). The remaining processing for blocks 116, 122, 124, 126 and 128 are as described above for FIG. 1A. [0046] As shown in FIGS. 1A and IB, pilots may be transmitted in various manners to allow both stations A and B to obtain a channel estimate for the link from station A to station B. Both stations may transmit an unsteered MIMO pilot. Alternatively, one station may transmit an unsteered MIMO pilot, and the other station may transmit a steered MIMO pilot. In this case, either station A or B may transmit the unsteered MIMO pilot, as shown in FIGS . 1 A and 1 B . [0047] FIG. 2 shows an exemplary frame structure 200 that may be used for the MMO system. Data transmission occurs in units of frames, with each frame spanning a particular time duration (e.g., 2 msec). Each frame may be partitioned into (1) a downlink phase during which data and pilot may be sent on the downlink and (2) an uplink phase during which data and pilot may be sent on the uplink. For each frame, a MIMO pilot may or may not be sent on the downlink, and a MIMO pilot may or may not be sent on the uplink. [0048] Station B may estimate the received SNRs for the spatial channels based on a steered or unsteered MEMO pilot received from station A. The received SNR is dependent on the spatial processing performed by both stations A and B. [0049] For the steered mode with fullCSI receiver spatial processing, the SNR of each eigenmode may be expressed as: for i = l ..... N.. Bq (14) where Pm (ri) is the transmit power used for the mth eigenmode in frame n; am is the mth diagonal element of S(n) for frame «; and SNR/M/i(n(n) is the SNR of the mth eigenmode in frame n. The Ns eigenmodes may achieve different SNRs. Consequently, different rates may be used for the data streams sent on these eigenmodes. [0050] For the steered and unsteered modes with MMSE receiver spatial processing, the SNR of each spatial channel may be expressed as: e.m(n) = 101og,01 "n P, (/i), for i = l, ..., Ns, Eq(15) v1«„(») ; where " •— ttt/ru SNR«,m«.m («) is the SNR of the mth spatial channel in frame n. [0051] For the unsteered mode with CCMI receiver spatial processing, the SNR of each spatial channel may be expressed as: SNRccm,ffl(n) = 101og10 1 P»(n\ ] , for i = 1 ..... Ns , Eq (16) EJ where rm(n) is the mth diagonal element of [R^]~' and R"^ =H"^ H^. for frame n; and SNRccm/ m(ri) is the SNR of the mth spatial channel in frame n. [0052] In the above equations, the quantity Pm(n) I G\oiit is the SNR (in linear units) prior to the receiver spatial processing. .The quantities SNR fcsi [0053] For the unsteered mode with spatial spreading, the Ns spatial channels achieve similar SNRs because of the spatial spreading with the matrix VM . Consequently, the same rate may be used for all of the data streams sent on these spatial channels. With spatial spreading, each data symbol is transmitted on all NS spatial channels and observes an average SNR for all spatial channels, which may be expressed as: = 101oglo sp^n) , and Eq (17) m=l SNRCCM,(n) = 101oglo . Bq(18) The SNR averaging may be done in linear unit, as shown in equations (17) and (18), or indB. 1)54] For the steered mode, station B may determine an initial rate for each eigenmode based on its SNRm(n), which may be equal to SNR/CJ/m(/i) computed as shown in equation (14) or equal to SNRmmjem(n) computed as shown in equation (15). The MMO system may support a set of rates, and each rate may be associated with a particular data rate, a particular coding scheme, a particular modulation scheme, and a particular minimum SNR required to achieve a specified desired level of performance (e.g., 1% packet error rate). The required SNR for each nonzero rate may be obtained by computer simulation, empirical measurements, and so on. The set of supported rates and their required SNRs may be stored in a lookup table. The SNRm(n) for each eigenmode may be provided to the lookup table, which then returns a rate Rm(n) •supported by that SNR. The rate Rm(n) is associated with the highest data rate and a required SNR that is less than or equal to SNR m(n), or SNR req(Rm(n)) [0055] For the unsteered mode, station B may determine an initial rate for the M1MO channel based on SNR(«), which may be equal to SNR „„,„(") computed as shown in equation (17) or equal to SNR^^n) computed as shown in equation (18). The SNR(n) may be provided to a lookup table, which then returns a rate R(n) supported by the MMO channel for the unsteered mode for that SNR. The same or different lookup tables may be used for the steered and unsteered modes. [0056] Station B may make an initial determination as to the transmission mode and rate(s) to use for a data transmission from station A to station B. Station A may make a final determination as to the transmission mode and rate(s) to use for this data transmission based on feedback received from station B and other pertinent information. [0057] Station A may select which transmission mode to use for data transmission based on the age of the channel information available in the current frame and possibly other information regarding the MDTMO channel. The characteristic of the MIMO channel may vary over time due to a number of factors such as, for example, fading, multipath, and interference. For a time variant system, the accuracy/reliability of the channel information degrades over time. Poor performance may be obtained by using inaccurate/unreliable channel information for data transmission. Since the channel information is derived from a MIMO pilot, the age of the channel information may be determined based on the age of the MIMO pilot used to derive the channel information. The age of the MIMO pilot may be determined as described below. 0058] A MIMO pilot may be transmitted in each frame, or periodically in every few frames, or sporadically. Station A may derive an estimate of H based on an unsteered MMO pilot received from station B and may decompose H to obtain the matrix V of eigenvectors used to transmit data on the eigenmodes of the MIMO channel. Station A may also obtain the eigenvectors directly from a steered MIMO pilot received from station B. However, this steered MIMO pilot,is transmitted by station B using eigenvectors in U, which are derived from an estimate of H obtained by station B from an unsteered MIMO pilot sent by station A. Thus, the eigenvectors in V obtained by station A from the steered MIMO pilot sent by station B are, in effect, derived from the unsteered MIMO pilot sent by station A. The quality of the eigenvectors in V derived from the steered MIMO pilot received from station B is thus dependent on (and is only as good as) the quality of the corresponding unsteered MIMO pilot sent by station A, from which H and U are derived. [0059] Station A may keep track of when MIMO pilots are transmitted to and received from station B. For example, station A may keep a record of (1) the time each unsteered MIMO pilot is transmitted, (2) the time each steered MIMO pilot is transmitted, (3) the time each unsteered MIMO pilot is received, and (4) the time each steered MIMO pilot is received. This record may be maintained in various formats. For example, the record may contain, for each frame n, four time entries for the four MEMO pilot events. If a MIMO pilot was not transmitted or received in a given frame, n, then the time entry for that MEMO pilot for a prior frame n 1 may be copied and stored fqt frame n. With this record format, in any given frame n, station A may readily' determine (1) the time that the latest (or most recent) unsteered MIMO pilot was transmitted, which is denoted as t^(A^B,n), (2) the time the lates.J steere£ MIMC) pilot was transmitted, which is denoted as t'u(A* B,n), (3) the tirrm the latest vmsteered MIMO f pilot was received, which is denoted as t"x(A. MIMO pilot was received, which is denoted as t'a(A information to determine the age and quality of the channel information that is currently available. [0060] Table 2 shows a list of variables used in the description below. Table 2 (Table Remove) [0061] Station A may determine the age of the channel information available in the current frame n (or the "current channel information") as follows. If the current channel information is derived from an unsteered MIMO pilot received from station B, then the age of this information is equal to the age of the unsteered MIMO pilot. However, a delay of dupilol is incurred to process the unsteered MIMO pilot to obtain the channel information or, equivalently, the channel information is available dupitol seconds after receiving the unsteered MMO pilot. Thus, the latest unsteered MIMO pilot that could have been used to derive the current channel information was received at least d"pilol seconds earlier and may be identified as follows: max i If the latest unsteered MIMO pilot for the current frame n was received at least dupttot seconds earlier, then this unsteered MIMO pilot was used to derive the current channel information. However, if the latest un$teered MIMO pilot for the current frame n was received less than d"pilol seconds earlier, then this unsteered MIMO pilot was not used to derive the current channel information. Equation (19) determines the most recent frame / in which the latest unsteered MIMO pilot for that frame i could have been used to derive the current channel information. The age of the current channel information derived from the unsteered MIMO pilot may then be expressed as: Age" =5 tcurrenl  C ( A where i is the frame index determined by equation (19); and Age" = oo if an unsteered MIMO pilot was not received, [0062] If the current channel information is derived from a steered MIMO pilot received from station B, then the age of this information is equal to the .age of the corresponding unsteered MIMO pilot from which the steered MIMO pilot is derived. A delay of d'pUol is incurred by station A to process the steered MIMO pilot received from station B, and a delay of dupttol is incurred by station B to process the corresponding unsteered MIMO pilot sent by station A. Thus, the latest unsteered MIMO pilot that could have been used to derive the current channel information was received at least d pitoi +^ piioi seconds earlier and may be identified as follows: Eq(21) Equation (21) determines the most recent frame j in which the latest unsteered MIMO pilot for that frame j could have been used to derive the current channel information. The age of the current channel information derived from the steered MIMO pilot may then be expressed as: Age* **,»«£ where j is the frame index determined by equation (21); and Age1 = oo if a steered MIMO pilot was not received. [0063] The age of the current channel information, Agech _inf (n) , may then be expressed as: Agert_,n/ («) = min (Age" , Age' ) . Eq (23) [0064] A transmission mode may then be selected based on the age of the current channel information, as follows: Steered mode if Agec/1 , ,nf(n) Transmission mode = [ Unsteered mode if The transmission mode may also be selected based on other pertinent information. For example, the time variant nature of the MIMO 'channel may be considered. If the MIMO channel is relatively static (e.g., for fixed stations A and B), then the channel information may be relatively accurate and valid over a longer time period. Conversely, if the MIMO channel changes fairly rapidly (e.g., for mobile stations A and/or B), then the channel information may be accurate over a shorter time period. The time variant nature of the MIMO channel may be accounted for in the computation of the age of the channel information and/or in the age threshold, Th^r. For example, Age" and Age1 may be a function of channel type (e.g., fast or slow fading), different age thresholds may be used for different channel types, and so on. [0065] Station A may select the final rate(s) for data transmission to station B based on the age of the underlying MIMO pilot used to derive the initial rate(s). The actual rate(s) supported by the link from stations A to B are dependent on the received SNRs at station B, which may be estimated based on either a steered MIMO pilot or an unsteered MIMO pilot received from station A. The received SNRs may be converted to initial rate(s), which may then be sent back to station A. Station A may estimate the received SNRs at station B based on the initial rate(s) obtained from station B. For example, station A may provide each initial rate to an inverse lookup table, which may then provide the required SNR for the initial rate. The set of SNRs available to station A in the current frame n (or the "current SNR information") is denoted as SNR(A and is obtained at time tmr(A *—B,n). [0066] A delay of dsnr is incurred in order (1) for station B to process a steered or unsteered MIMO pilot to estimate the received SNRs, derive the initial rate(s), and send the initial rate(s) back to station A and (2) for station A to process the initial rate(s) to obtain the current SNR information. Thus, the latest MIMO pilot that could have been used to obtain the current SNR information was sent by station A at least dmr seconds earlier and may be identified as follows: [rjnf (A B,k), t^A* B,k)}]>dsnr . Eq (25) Equation (25) determines the most recent frame k in which the latest steered or unsteered MIMO pilot for that frame k could have been used to derive the current SNR information. The age of the current SNR information may then be expressed as: Age,^ (») = /„ max {£(A »*,*), t'u(A*B,k)} , Eq (26) where k is the frame index determined by equation (25). [0067] The final rate(s) may be selected based on the current SNR information, the age of the SNR information, and possibly other information. For example, if the age of the current SNR information exceeds an SNR age threshold (or Agemr inj(n) >Th^ ), then the SNR information may be deemed to be too stale and discarded from use. In this case, the most robust transmission mode and the lowest rate (e.g., the lowest rate in the unsteered mode) may be used for data transmission to station B. If the age of the current SNR information is less than the SNR age threshold, then the SNRs obtained by station A may be adjusted based on the age of the SNR information, and the adjusted SNRs may then be used to select the final rate(s). The SNR adjustment may be performed in various manners. [0068] If the steered mode is selected for use, then station A may receive an initial rate for each eigenmode m, determine the required SNR for each eigenmode based on the initial rate for that eigenmode, and adjust the required SNR for each eigenmode based on the age of the SNR information. For example, an SNR backoff, SNRfl be computed based on a linear function of age, as follows: where SNR^ me is the rate of adjustment for the SNR (e.g., SNRm(,_ra/e = 50 dB/sec ). The adjusted SNR for each eigenmode may then be computed as: ,» SNRflj[e_io(n) SNRsbo , Eq (28) where SNRr m(n) is the required SNR for eigenmode m (obtained from the initial rate); SNR£0 is a backoff for the steered mode (e.g., SNR£0 = 0 dB ); and ^;. m(n) is the adjusted SNR for eigenmode m for the steered mode. Station A may provide the adjusted SNR for each eigenmode to a lookup table, which then provides the final rate for that eigenmode. Station A may use the same lookup table that station B used to obtain the initial rate for each eigenmode, or a different lookup table. [0069] If the unsteered mode is selected for use, then station A may receive an initial rate for each eigenmode and may determine a single final rate for data transmission in the unsteered mode. An adjusted SNR may be computed for each eigenmode as follows: , Eq(29) where SNR ubo is a backoff for the unsteered mode (e.g., SNR ubo = 3 dB ); and SNR^_m(n) is the adjusted SNR for eigenmode m for the unsteered mode. may be used to account for various factors such as, e.g., the total transmit power being distributed over all Ns spatial channels (even the poor ones), loss in performance due to variation in SNR across each data packet, and so on. SNR^, SNR£o, and SNR ^ rale may be determined by computer simulation, empirical measurements, and so on. [0070] The number of spatial channels to use for data transmission in the current frame n, NJfh(n) , may be determined by counting the number of "good" eigenmodes with adjusted SNRs greater than an SNR threshold, SNR,,,. For each eigenmode m, if SNRUrfy m (n) > SNR,A , then eigenmode m is counted for N sch (n) . The number of spatial channels to use for the unsteered mode is thus less than or equal to the number of eigenmodes, or NJC/I(n) Eq (30) [0071] Station B selects the initial rate for each eigenmode based on an assumption that all NS eigenmodes are used for data transmission and that equal transmit power is used for all eigenmodes. If less than NS spatial channels are used for the unsteered mode, then higher transmit power may be used for each selected spatial channel. The first term on the right hand side in equation (30) accounts for the use of higher transmit power for each spatial channel if less than NS spatial channels are selected for use. The second term on the right hand side in equation (30) is the average SNR (in dB) for the NJcA(n) spatial channels selected for use in frame n. [0072] Station A may provide the average SNR to a lookup table, which then provides the final rate for the unsteered mode. Station A may use the same lookup table that station B used to obtain an initial rate for the unsteered mode, or a different lookup table. [0073] Alternatively, station A may receive a single initial rate for the unsteered mode from station B. In this case, station A may determine the required SNR for the unsteered mode based on the initial rate, adjust the required SNR based on the age of the SNR information, and determine the final rate for the unsteered mode based on the adjusted SNR. [0074] For both the steered and unsteered modes, the final rate(s) may also be determined based on other pertinent information such as the time variant nature of the MIMO channel. For example, the SNR backoff, SNRage_bo(n) , and/or the age threshold, Th™'/> rnay be a function of channel type (e.g., fast or slow fading). For simplicity, the SNR backoff was computed based on a linear function of age, as shown in equation (27). In general, the SNR backoff may be any linear or nonlinear function of age and/or other parameters. [0075] FIG. 3 shows a flow diagram of a process 300 for selecting a transmission mode for data transmission in a wireless system. Initially, channel information used to transmit data via a wireless channel is obtained (block 312). For a MIMO system, the channel information may comprise eigenvectors used to transmit data on eigenmodes of a MIMO channel and may be obtained from a steered or unsteered MIMO pilot. The age of the channel information is determined (block 314). This may be achieved by determining the age of the (e.g., unsteered MIMO) pilot from which the channel information is derived. A transmission mode is then selected from among multiple supported transmission modes based on the age of the channel information and possibly other information (e.g., the time variant characteristic of the MIMO channel, the capability of the receiving entity, and so on) (block 316). Data is then processed and transmitted via the wireless channel in accordance with the selected transmission mode (block 318). [0076] For clarity, the description above is for an exemplary MIMO system that supports two transmission modes  the steered mode and unsteered mode. In general, the system may support any transmission mode and any number of transmission modes. For example, a system may support a transmission mode in which data is transmitted on orthogonal spatial channels with spatial spreading, a transmission mode in which data is transmitted on orthogonal spatial channels without spatial spreading (the steered mode), a transmission mode in which data is transmitted on spatial channels with spatial spreading (the unsteered mode), a transmission mode in which data is transmitted on spatial channels without spatial spreading, a transmission mode in which data is transmitted on a single best spatial channel without spatial spreading, a transmission mode in which data is transmitted from a single transmit antenna, and so on, or any combination thereof. [0077] FIG. 4 shows a flow diagram of a process 400 for performing rate selection in a wireless system. Initially, channel state information indicative of the received signal quality for a wireless channel used for data transmission is obtained (block 412). The channel state information may be in the form of received SNRs, initial rates, and so on, and may be determined by a receiving entity and sent to a transmitting entity. The age of the channel state information is determined (block 414). This may be achieved by determining the age of the (e.g., steered or unsteered MIMO) pilot from which the channel state information is derived. One or more final rates are then selected based on the channel state information, the age of the channel state information, and possibly other information (block 416). For example, the final rate(s) may be determined based on the transmission mode selected for use (e.g., steered or unsteered mode), a backoff factor that is dependent on the age of the channel state information (e.g., SNROJ(!_fr(,(n)), a backoff factor that is dependent on the selected transmission mode (e.g., SNR£0 or SNR!! ), the time variant characteristic of the wireless channel, and so on. Data is then processed and transmitted via the wireless channel in accordance with the selected final rate(s)(block418). [0078] The techniques described herein select a transmission mode and final rate(s) for data transmission based on the most current information available at the transmitting station A and the age of this information. The channel information used for transmission mode selection and the channel state information used for rate selection may be derived from the same or different MIMO pilots. Different transmission modes and rates may be selected for different frames based on the same information due to the aging of the information and possibly other factors. [0079] As noted above, the transmission mode and rate selection techniques may be used for a multicarrier MIMO system. Multiple carriers may be provided by orthogonal frequency division multiplexing (OFDM) or some other constructs. OFDM effectively partitions the overall system bandwidth into multiple (Np) orthogonal subbands, which are also referred to as tones, subcarriers, bins, and frequency channels. With OFDM, each subband is associated with a respective subcarrier that may be modulated with data. For a MIMO system that utilizes OFDM, spatial processing may be performed on each of the subbands used for data transmission. [0080] For the steered mode, a channel response matrix H(fc,i) may be obtained for each subband k in symbol period i and decomposed to obtain the N$ eigenmodes of that subband. The singular values in each diagonal matrix £(fc,i), for k = I ... NF, may be ordered such that the first column contains the largest singular value, the second column contains the next largest singular value, and so on, or cr,(fc,0 ^ cr2(k,i) > ... > crNs(fc,i), where 0m(k,i) is the singular value in the mth column of S(fc,0 after the ordering. When the singular values for each matrix S(£,0 are ordered, the eigenvectors (or columns) of the associated matrices V(fc,i) and U(Jk,i) for that subband are also ordered correspondingly. A "wideband" eigenmode may be defined as the set of sameorder eigenmode of all NF subbands after the ordering. The mth wideband eigenmode thus includes the mth eigenmode of all subbands. Each wideband eigenmode is associated with a respective set of NF eigenvectors for the NF subbands. The transmission mode and rate selection may then be performed for the NS wideband eigenmodes, e.g., similar to that described above for a singlecarrier MIMO system. [0081] FIG. 5 shows a block diagram of transmitting station A 510 and receiving station B 550. At station A 510, a transmit (TX) data processor 520 receives traffic data from a data source 512, processes (e.g., formats, codes, interleaves, and modulates) the traffic data, and provides data symbols. For the steered mode, one data stream may be sent on each eigenmode, and each data stream may be encoded and modulated based on a final rate selected for that stream/eigenmode. For the unsteered mode, multiple data streams may be sent on multiple spatial channels, and one final rate may be used for all streams. A TX spatial processor 530 performs spatial processing on the data symbols and pilot symbols for the selected transmission mode and provides NT streams of transmit symbols to NT transmitter units (TMTR) 532a through 532t. Each transmitter unit 532 receives and conditions a respective transmit symbol stream to generate a corresponding modulated signal. NT modulated signals from transmitter units 532a through 532t are transmitted from NT antennas 534a through 534t, respectively. [0082] At station B 550, NR antennas 552a through 552r receive the modulated signals transmitted by station A, and each antenna provides a received signal to a respective receiver unit (RCVR) 554. Each receiver unit 554 performs processing complementary to that performed by transmitter units 532 and provides received symbols. A receive (RX) spatial processor 560 performs spatial matched filtering on the received symbols from all NR receiver units 554 based on a spatial filter matrix M(n) and provides detected data symbols. The matrix M(n) is derived based on the selected transmission mode and the receiver processing technique selected for use (e.g., fullCSI, MMSE, or CCMI). An RX data processor 570 processes (e.g., symbol demaps, deinterleaves, and decodes) the detected data symbols and provides decoded data for station B. [0083] Channel estimators 538 and 578 perform channel estimation for stations A and B, respectively. Controllers 540 and 580 control the operation of various processing units at stations A and B, respectively. Memory units 542 and 582 store data and program codes used by controllers 540 and 580, respectively. [0084] For transmission mode and rate selection, channel estimator 578 may estimate the channel response for the MIMO channel from station A to station B and the received SNRs for the spatial channels of the MIMO channel. Controller 580 may determine initial rate(s) based on the received SNRs and provide feedback CSI, which may comprise the initial rate(s). The feedback CSI is processed by a TX data processor 590 and further multiplexed with pilot symbols and spatially processed for the steered or unsteered mode by a TX spatial processor 592 to generate NR transmit symbol streams. NR transmitter units 554a through 554r then condition the NR transmit symbol streams to generate NR modulated signals, which are sent via NR antennas 552a through 552r. [0085] At station A 510, the modulated signals from station B are received by NT antennas 534 and processed by NT receiver units 532 to obtain received symbols for station B. The received symbols are further processed by an RX spatial processor 544 and an RX data processor 546 to obtain the feedback CSI from station B. Controller 540 receives the feedback CSI, selects the transmission mode and final rate(s) to use for data transmission to station B, provides a rate control to data source 512 and TX data processor 520, and provides the selected transmission mode and channel information (e.g., eigenvectors) to TX spatial processor 530. [0086] The transmission mode and rate selection techniques described herein may be implemented by various means. For example, these techniques may be implemented in hardware, software, or a combination thereof. For a hardware implementation, the processing units used to perform transmission mode and rate selection may be implemented within one or more application specific integrated circuits (ASICs), digital signal processors (DSPs), digital signal processing devices (DSPDs), programmable logic devices (PLDs), field programmable gate arrays (FPGAs), processors, controllers, microcontrollers, microprocessors, other electronic units designed to perform the functions described herein, or a combination thereof. [0087] For a software implementation, the transmission mode and rate selection techniques may be implemented with modules (e.g., procedures, functions, and so on) that perform the functions described herein. The software codes may be stored in a memory unit (e.g., memory unit 542 and/or 582 in FIG. 5) and executed by a processor (e.g., controller 540 and/or 580). The memory unit may be implemented within the processor or external to the processor, in which case it can be communicatively coupled to the processor via various means as is known in the art. [0088] The previous description of the disclosed embodiments is provided to enable any person skilled in the art to make or use the present invention. Various modifications to these embodiments will be readily apparent to those skilled in the art, and the generic principles defined herein may be applied to other embodiments without departing from the spirit or scope of the invention. Thus, the present invention is not intended to be limited to the embodiments shown herein but is to be accorded the widest scope consistent with the principles and novel features disclosed herein. We claim: 1. A method of selecting a transmission mode and rate selection in a multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) wireless communication system, comprising: obtaining charmel state information indicative of received signal quality for a wireless channel used for data transmission; signal quality for a wireless channel used for data transmission; obtaining channel information used to transmit data on eigenmodes of a MIMO charmel from a steered or unsteered MIMO pilot, wherein the steered MIMO pilot is a pilot sent on the eigenmodes of the MIMO channel and the unsteered MIMO pilot is a pilot comprised of N pilot transmissions sent from N transmit antennas; determining the age of the channel information and the channel state information; selecting a transmission mode from among a plurality of transmission modes based on the age of the chaimel information, wherein the plurality of transmission modes comprises a steered mode wherein data is transmitted on the eigenmodes of the MIMO channel and an unsteered mode wherein the charmel information is not used to transmit data on spatial charmels of the MIMO channel; and selecting at least one rate for data transmission based on the charmel state information and the age of the charmel state information, wherein data is transmitted via the wireless charmel in accordance with the selected transmission mode and the selected at least one rate. 2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein determining the age of a pilot used to derive the channel information, and wherein the age of the channel information is determined based on the age of the pilot; and determining the age of a pilot used to derive the chaimel state information, and wherein the age of the channel state information is determined based on the age of the pilot. 3. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the selecting one of the plurality of transmission modes comprises comparing the age of the channel information against a threshold, and selecting the steered mode if the age of the carmel information is less than or equal to the threshold, and wherein the channel information is used for spatial processing to transmit data in the steered mode. 4. The method as claimed in claim 3, wherein the selecting one of the plurality of transmission modes further comprises selecting the unsteered mode if the age of the channel information is greater than the threshold. 5. The method as claimed in claim 3, having determining the threshold based on a function of a time variant characteristic of the wireless channel. 6. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein a plurality of rates are supported by the system, and wherein each of the at least one rate is selected from among the plurality of rates supported by the system. 7. The method as claimed in claim 6, wherein the charmel sate information comprises a plurality of initial rates for a plurality of spatial channels of a multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) channel, one initial rate for each spatial charmel. 8. The method as claimed in claim 7, wherein the selecting the at least one rate for data transmission comprises determining a required signaltonoiseandinterference ratio (SINR) for each of the plurality of spatial channels based on the initial rate for the spatial channel, determining an SNR backoff based on the age of the plurality of initial rates, determining an adjusted SNR for each of the plurality of spatial channels based on the required SNR for the spatial channel and the SNR backoff, and determining a final rate for each of the plurality of spatial channels based on the adjusted SNR for the spatial channel, wherein data is transmitted on the plurality of spatial channels of the MIMO channel using a plurality of final rates determined for the plurality of spatial channels, and wherein the at least one rate selected for data transmission comprises the plurality of final rates. 9. The method as claimed in claim 7, wherein the selecting the at least one rate for data transmission comprises: determining a required signaltonoiseandinterference ratio (SINR) for each of the plurality of spatial channels based on the initial rate for the spatial charmel, determining an SNR backoff based on the age of the plurality of initial rates, determining an adjusted SNR for each of the plurality of spatial charmels based on the required SNR for the spatial channel and the SNR backoff, determining an average SNR for a plurality of adjusted SNRs determined for the plurality of spatial charmels, and determining a final rate for the plurality of spatial charmels based on the average SNR, wherein data is transmitted on the plurality of spatial charmels using the final rate determined for the plurality of spatial channels, and wherein the atleast one rate selected for data transmission comprises the final rate. 10. The method as claimed in claim 9, wherein the adjusted SNR for each of the plurality of spatial charmels is further determined based on a second SNR backoff applicable when one final rate is used for the plurality of spatial channels. 11. The method as claimed in claim 1, having determining a backoff factor based on the age of the channel stat information, and wherein the at least one rate is further selected based on the backoff factor. 12. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the backoff factor is determined based on a function of time variant characteristic of the wireless channel. 13. The method as claimed in claim 1, having determining a backoff factor based on a transmission mode selected for use for data transmission, wherein a plurality of transmission modes are supported by the system, and wherein the at least one rate is further selected based on the backoff factor. 14. An apparatus for selecting a transmission mode and rate selection in a multipleinput multipleoutput (MIMO) wireless communication system, comprising: a controller to obtain charmel state information indicative of received signal quality for a wireless channel used for data transmission, to obtain charmel information used to transmit data on eigenmodes of a MIMO channel from a steered or unsteered MIMO pilot, wherein the steered MIMO pilot is a pilot sent on the eigenmodes of the MIMO channel and the unsteered MIMO pilot is a pilot comprised of N pilot transmissions sent from N transmit antermas, to determine the age of the charmel information and the channel state information, to select a transmission mode from among a plurality of transmission modes based on the age of the channel information, wherein the plurality of transmission modes comprises a steered mode wherein data is transmitted on the eigenmodes of the MIMO chaimel and an unsteered mode wherein the channel information is not used to transmit data on spatial charmels of the MIMO chaimel, to select at least one rate for data transmission based on the channel state information and the age of the channel state information and a spatial processor to spatially process data in accordance with the selected transmission mode and the selected at least one rate. 15. The apparatus as claimed in claim 14, wherein the controller determines the age of a pilot used to derive the channel information and determines the age of the channel information based on the age of the pilot; and determining the age of a pilot used to derive the channel state information, and wherein the age of the channel state information is determined based on the age of the pilot. 16. The apparatus as claimed in claim 14, wherein the controller compares the age of the channel information against a threshold and selects a steered mode if the age of the channel information is less than or equal to the threshold, and wherein the spatial processor uses the channel information for spatial processing in the steered mode. 17. The apparatus as claimed in claim 16, wherein the controller selects an unsteered mode if the age of the channel information is greater than the threshold, and wherein the spatial processor does not use the channel information for spatial processing in the unsteered mode. 

6902delnp2006Abstract(12072011).pdf
6902DELNP2006Assignments.pdf
6902delnp2006Claims(12072011).pdf
6902delnp2006Complete Specification Granted.pdf
6902DELNP2006Correspondence Others(18082011).pdf
6902delnp2006correspondenceothers.pdf
6902delnp2006description (complete).pdf
6902delnp2011Correspodence Others(12072011).pdf
6902delnp2011Form1(12072011).pdf
6902delnp2011Form2(12072011).pdf
6902delnp2011Form3(12072011).pdf
6902delnp2011GPA(12072011).pdf
Patent Number  250876  

Indian Patent Application Number  6902/DELNP/2006  
PG Journal Number  06/2012  
Publication Date  10Feb2012  
Grant Date  03Feb2012  
Date of Filing  20Nov2006  
Name of Patentee  QUALCOMM INCORPORATED  
Applicant Address  5775 MOREHOUSE DRIVE, SAN DIEGO, CALIFORNIA 921211414, UNITED STATES OF AMERICA.  
Inventors:


PCT International Classification Number  H04L 1/00  
PCT International Application Number  PCT/US2005/015818  
PCT International Filing date  20050505  
PCT Conventions:
