|Title of Invention||
"STRONTIUM SALTS OF SULPHONIC ACID"
|Abstract||A strontium salt of a sulphonic acid selected from those of formula (I): wherein A represents a group selected from NH2 and SO3H, and B represents an unsubstituted linear or branched C3-C6alkylene chain.|
|Full Text||The present invention relates to new strontium salts of sulphonic acids, to a process for their preparation and to pharmaceutical compositions containing them.
A large number of mineral and organic salts of strontium are already known from the literature. Amongst the compounds of sulphonic acid, strontium bis(aminomethane-sulphonate), and the use thereof in photographic papers, have already been described in US patent 4,419,433. Strontium methanedisulphonate has been described in the publication Recueil : Journal of the Royal Netherlands Chemical Society 1981, 1QO(12), 449-452. Strontium m-benzenedisulphonate has been described in the publication J.Phys. Chem. 1963, 67, 337-339. Strontium 6-sulphonatohexanoate has been described in the publication Berichte 1897, 63, 1642-48. Strontium 1,5-naphtalenedisulphonate has been described in the publicaion Acta Cryst. 2001, 5_7(4), 520-530. Strontium 1,6-naphthalenedisulphonate has been described in the publication Helv. Chim. Acta 1923, 6(1), 1133-1146. Strontium bis(6-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulphonate) has been described in the publication Helv. Chim. Acta 1925, 8(1), 229-241. Strontium 2-oxo-l,3-propanedisulphonate has been described in Therm. Anal. 1980, 6th, Vol 2, 425-430. Strontium hydroxymethanesulphonate has been described in the patent specification JP 37006516. Strontium bis(4-aminobenzene-sulphonate) has been described in the publications J. Applied Polymer Sc. 2000, 77(11), 2363-69 and J. Prakt. Chem. 1934, 245-253. Strontium bis(2-aminobenzenesulphonate) and strontium bis(3-aminobenzenesulphonate) have been described in the publication J. Prakt. Chem. 1935, 6-10. Strontium 1,2-ethanedisulphonate has been described in the publication Kristallogr. Kristallgeom. Kristallchem. 1913, 51, 502. Strontium 3-amino-3-carboxy-1-propanesulphonate chloride has been described in the publication Inorg. Chem. 2005,44(11), 3890-95.
The use of strontium salts for therapeutic purposes has already formed the subject of publications and patents. For example, US patent 4,152,431 describes alkali metal salts that can be used in the treatment of inflammation. Patent application WO-94/09798 presents sulphate complexes of various metals which are active in the treatment of skin disorders. The works of Olle Svensson et al (Acta Path. Microbiol. Immunol. Scand., Sect. A, 1985, 93,115-120) demonstrate that strontium plays a part in some rickets cases.
Strontium ranelate and its use in the treatment of osteoporosis have been described in patent specification EP 0 415 850.
The present invention relates to new strontium salts derived from sulphonic acid, and to the use thereof in the treatment of osteoarthritis and osteoporosis.
Osteoporosis is a decrease in calcium mineralisation in the skeleton. Like all living tissue, bone is subject to a continual destruction-reconstruction process : bone remodelling. It is characterised first of all by a phase of resorption of the old bone matrix by osteoclasts, followed by a phase of reparation by the formation of the protein matrix by osteoblasts, which will then be mineralised. In a young person, the bone equilibrium is balanced but, with age, an imbalance occurs between bone resorption and bone formation to the detriment of the latter.
Osteoarthritis is a degenerative pathology that affects articular cartilage in more than 50% of the population above the age of 65. It is characterised always by a degradation of the cartilaginous matrix surrounding the chondrocytes. In non-pathological conditions, those cells ensure the homeostasis of cartilage. On the other hand, under the effect of a certain number of factors (biomechanical and/or biochemical), chondrocytes are at the origin of the degradation of that surrounding tissue, because in such cases they secrete metalloproteases, which degrade type n collagen and proteoglycans, the matrix components characteristic of cartilage.
5 More especially, the present invention relates to strontium salts of the sulphonic acids of formula (I) :
A-B-SO3H (I) wherein:
A represents a group selected from OH, NHa, SOaH and
- B represents an arylene group or a linear or branched Q-Cnalkylene chain optionally substituted by one or more groups selected from hydroxy, oxo, ammo, SOaH and COiH and in which one or more carbon atoms is optionally replaced by an oxygen atom, by a nitrogen atom or by an SOi group,
with the exclusion of strontium bis(animomethanesulphonate), strontium methane-disulphonate, strontium 1,3-benzenedisulphonate, strontium 6-sulphonatohexanoate, strontium 1,5-naphthalenedisulphonate, strontium 1,6-naphthalenedisulphonate, strontium bis (6-hydroxy-2-naphthalenesulphonate), strontium 2-oxo-l,3-propane-disulphonate, strontium hydroxymethanesulphonate, strontium bis(4-aminobenzene-sulphonate), strontium bis(2-aminobenzenesulphonate), strontium bis(3-aminobenzene-sulphonate), strontium 1,2-ethanedisulphonate and strontium 3-amino-3-carboxy-l-propanesulphonate chloride.
Arylene is understood to be phenylene, biphenylylene or naphthylene, each of those groups being optionally substituted by one or more identical or different groups selected from linear or branched d-C6alkyl, OH, NH2, SO3H and CO2H.
One embodiment of the present invention concerns strontium salts of the compounds of formula (I) wherein A represents NHa or
Another embodiment of the present invention concerns strontium salts of the compounds of formula (I) wherein B represents a substituted or unsubstituted linear Ci-Cealkylene chain.
Another embodiment of the present invention concerns strontium salts of the compounds of formula (I) wherein B represents a substituted or unsubstituted linear Ca-Cgalkylene chain.
Another embodiment of the present invention concerns strontium salts of the sulphonic acids of formula (la), a particular case of the sulphonic acids of formula (I) :
A-B-SO3H (la), wherein :
- A represents a group selected from NHa and
B represents an unsubstituted linear or branched Ca-Cealkylene chain.
Another embodiment of the present invention concerns the following strontium salts :
strontium 1,3-propanedisulphonate; strontium bis(3-amino-l-propanesulphonate); strontium sulphonatoacetate; strontium bis(2-amino-l-ethanesulphonate);
- strontium 1 ,4-butanedisulphonate; and
- strontium 1,2-benzenedisulphonate.
The invention relates also to a first process for the preparation of the strontium salts according to the invention by reaction of a sulphonic acid of formula (I) :
wherein A and B are as defined hereinbefore, with strontium hydroxide, followed by isolation of the strontium salt so obtained.
The invention relates also to a second process for the preparation of the strontium salts according to the invention by reaction of the sodium or potassium salt of a sulphonic acid of formula (I) :
wherein A and B are as defined hereinbefore,
with strontium chloride, followed by isolation of the strontium salt so obtained.
The invention relates also to pharmaceutical compositions comprising as active ingredient a strontium salt according to the invention with one or more appropriate inert, non-toxic excipients, such as diluents, lubricants, binders, disintegrating agents, absorbers, colorants, sweetening agents etc..
By way of example and without implying any limitation there may be mentioned:
• for the diluents : lactose, dextrose, sucrose, mannitol, sorbitol, cellulose, glycerol,
• for the lubricants : silica, talc, stearic acid and magnesium and calcium salts thereof,
• for the binders : aluminium silicate, magnesium silicate, starch, gelatin, tragacanth,
methyl cellulose, sodium carboxymethylcellulose, carboxymethyl starch and
• for the disintegrating agents : agar, alginic acid and its sodium salt, effervescent
Among the pharmaceutical compositions according to the invention there may be mentioned, more especially, those which are suitable for oral, parenteral (intravenous or subcutaneous) and nasal administration, tablets or dragees, sublingual tablets, gelatin capsules, lozenges, suppositories, creams, ointments, dermal gels, injectable preparations, drinkable suspensions.
The useful dosage varies according to the sex, age and weight of the patient, the administration route, the nature of the disorder and of associated treatments, if any, and ranges from 5 mg to 3 g per 24 hours, for example from 100 mg to 2 g per 24 hours.
The following Examples illustrate the invention.
EXAMPLE 1 ; Strontium 1,3-propanedisulphonate
A mixture of 222 g of 70% 1,3-propanedisulphonic acid in water (0.76 mol) and 200.4 g of strontium hydroxide octahydrate (0.75 mol) in 200 ml of water is heated at reflux for 3 hours. The reaction mixture is filtered hot and then cooled to 4°C. The precipitate formed is removed by filtration and 500 ml of 96% ethanol are added to the filtrate. The precipitate is filtered off, rinsed with 250 ml of a 70/30 ethanol/water mixture and dried to obtain 139 g of a white crystalline product of 1,3-propanedisulphonic acid strontium salt (yield 63%).
EXAMPLE 2 ; Strontium bis(3-amino-l-propanesulphonate)
The expected product is obtained by reaction of 3-amino-l-propanesulphonic acid with strontium hydroxide octahydrate in accordance with the procedure of Example 1.
EXAMPLE 3 : Strontium sulphonatoacetate
The expected product is obtained by reaction of sulphoacetic acid with strontium hydroxide
-7-EXAMPLE 4 : Strontium bis(2-amino-l-ethanesulphonate)
(Table Removed) The expected product is obtained by reaction of 2-amino-l-ethanesulphonic acid with strontium hydroxide octahydrate in accordance with the procedure of Example 1.
EXAMPLE 5 : Strontium 1,4-butanedisulphonate
0.75 mol of strontium chloride hexahydrate and 0.75 mol of disodium 1,4-butanedisulphonate are dissolved in 600 ml of water. After stirring for 1 hour, 1 litre of 96% ethanol is added. The precipitate formed is filtered off, rinsed with 500 ml of a 70/30 ethanol/water mixture and dried to yield the expected product.
EXAMPLE 6 ; Strontium 1,2-benzenedisuIphonate
The expected product is obtained by reaction of dipotassium 1,2-benzenedisulphonate with strontium chloride hexahydrate in accordance with the procedure of Example 6.
EXAMPLE 7 : Strontium bis(2-hydroxyethanesulphonate)
The expected product is obtained by reaction of sodium 2-hydroxyethanesulphonate with strontium chloride hexahydrate in accordance with the procedure of Example 6.
EXAMPLE 8 : Distrontmm2,2-bis(sulphonatomethyl)-l,3-propanedisulphonate
The expected product is obtained by reaction of 2,2-bis(sulphomethyl)-l,3-propanedisulphonic acid with strontium hydroxide octahydrate in accordance with the procedure of Example 1.
EXAMPLE 9 : Strontium 1,5-pentanedisulphonate
The expected product is obtained by reaction of disodium 1,5-pentanedisulphonate with strontium chloride hexahydrate in accordance with the procedure of Example 6.
EXAMPLE 10 : Strontium 1,6-hexanedisulphonate
The expected product is obtained by reaction of disodium 1,6-hexanedisulphonate with strontium chloride hexahydrate in accordance with the procedure of Example 6.
EXAMPLE 11 : Strontium bis(4-amino-l-butanesulphonate)
The expected product is obtained by reaction of 4-amino-l-butanesulphonic acid with strontium hydroxide octahydrate in accordance with the procedure of Example 1.
EXAMPLE 12 : Strontium bis(l-amino-2-benzenesulphonate)
The expected product is obtained by reaction of l-amino-2-benzenesulphonic acid with strontium hydroxide octahydrate in accordance with the procedure of Example 1.
EXAMPLE 13 : In vitro study of the inhibition of bovine cartilage catabolism by the compound of Example 1.
The study was carried out on fragments of bovine cartilage in culture medium (96-well plate), the degradation of which is stimulated by adding TNFa and oncostatin M (Schaller, S., Henriksen, K., Hoegh-Andersen, P., Sondergaard, B.C., Sumer, E.U., Tanko, L.B., Qvist, P., Karsdal, M.A. hi vitro, ex vivo, and in vivo methodological approaches for studying therapeutic targets of osteoporosis and degenerative joint diseases: how biomarkers can assist ? Assay. DrugDev. Technol. 3, 553-580 (2005).
The duration of the cultivation period is 21 days (culture medium changed every 2 days).
A group not treated with TNFa and oncostatin M constitutes the control group.
Five lots of stimulated cartilage fragments were treated with the compound of Example 1,
each at a different dose : 0.01; 0.1; 1; 3 and 10 mM. 5 replications were carried out for each
On D19, the concentration of CTX II (fragment of type II collagen resulting from the
degradation of that collagen by metalloproteases) in the culture medium is measured using
an ELIS A technique. That parameter is expressed in ng/ml/mg of cartilage.
On D21, the following are measured in the cartilage remaining at the end of cultivation:
- the quantity of proteins, using the kit marketed by Biorad. For the groups treated with
the compound of Example 1, the results of this parameter are expressed as the percentage inhibition of the degradation of the proteins in the cartilage of the untreated control group;
- and the quantity of glycosaminoglycans (GAGs), using the colorimetric technique
with methylene blue (DMB). That parameter, too, is expressed as a percentage inhibition of the degradation of the GAGs evaluated in the control group after culturing for 21 days.
The results of treatment with the compound of Example 1 are :
- a significant (p 0.001) and dose-dependent inhibition of the salting out of CTX n in
the culture medium (IC5o=3.5 mM);
- protection against degradation of the components of the cartilage starting from a dose
(Table Removed) he treatment is moreover well tolerated by the cells for the 21 days of cultivation (toxicity test employed : Alamar blue - negative whatever the dose).
Those results demonstrate that the compound of Example 1 provides significant protection against the degradation of the characteristic components of cartilage byway of inhibition of collagenolytic activity.
EXAMPLE 14 : Pharmaceutical composition
Preparation formula for a 1 g tablet containing a dose of 500 mg :
Compound of Example 1 500 mg
PovidoneKSO 24 mg
Cellulose AvicelPM 102 417 mg
Carboxymethyl starch Primojel 21 mg
Magnesium stearate 6 mg
Talc 32 mg
1. A strontium salt of a sulphonic acid selected from those of formula (I) :
A represents a group selected from NH2 and SO3H, and B represents an unsubstituted linear or branched C3-C6alkylene chain.
2. The strontium salt as claimed in claim 1, which is selected from:
strontium 1,3-propanedisulphonate and
3.A pharmaceutical composition comprising as active ingredient a strontium salt of a sulfonic acid as claimed in claim 1 in combination with one or more pharmaceutically acceptable, inert non-toxic carriers.
|Indian Patent Application Number||790/DEL/2007|
|PG Journal Number||01/2012|
|Date of Filing||10-Apr-2007|
|Name of Patentee||LES LABORATOIRES SERVIER|
|Applicant Address||12, PLACE DE LA DEFENSE, 92415 COURBEVOIE CEDEX, FRANCE|
|PCT International Classification Number||C01B17/00|
|PCT International Application Number||N/A|
|PCT International Filing date|