Title of Invention

A PROCESS FOR ROTOMOLDING AND/OR SLUSHMOLDING OF ARTICLES FROM POLYOLEFIN COMPOSITION

Abstract There is disclosed a process for rotomolding and/or slush molding of articles from polyolefin composition essentially consisting of from 99% by weight to 99.999% by weight of a polyolefin, or a polyolefin composition comprising from 50% by weight to 99% by weight of a first polyolefin and from 1% by weight to 50% by weight of a second polymer; and optionally from 0.025% by weight to 0.500% by weight of one or more UV-stabilizers; characterized in that from 0.001% by weight to 1% by weight of a densification aid, comprising a thermoplastic polyurethane, is used in the process, said densification aid i.e. processing aid being different from the second polymer.
Full Text Field of the invention
The present invention relates to the use in rotomolding or in slush molding
applications of a polyolefin composition comprising a processing aid and
optionally a UV-stabilizer. The polyolefin composition can also be used for
the production of articles by other processes such as injection molding, cast
film, blown film, calendering, sheet extrusion.
Background of the invention
The present invention primarily concerns the fabrication of articles by
rotomolding, also called rotational molding. In rotomolding a premeasured
amount of polymer is placed in one half of the mold, the mold is closed and
then heated until the polymer is molten. The mold is rotated so as to get good
distribution of the polymer in the mold. The mold can be rotated either
uniaxially or biaxially, but biaxial rotation is widely preferred, i.e. simultaneous
rotation around two perpendicular axes. In the following the mold is cooled,
opened and the formed article is removed from the mold. Rotomolding can
also be used for multilayer molding, for example by using more than one
polymer sequentially. Rotomolding allows the production of hollow articles
with good wall thickness distribution and good mechanical properties.
Slush molding is a process that is closely related to rotomolding. In the
following the term rotomolding is therefore used to imply both, rotomolding
and slush molding applications.

The most widely used polymer in rotomoiding is polyethylene. Therefore a lot
of effort has been invested to improve the processabiiity of polyethylene in
rotomoiding.
US 6,362,270 discloses polymer compositions particularly suited for
rotomoiding. These polymer compositions comprise of at least 94 % by
weight of one or more thermoplastic polymers and a maximum of 6 % by
weight of one or more processing additives. The thermoplastic polymer may
be selected from copolymers of ethylene and styrene, ethylene and/or C3-C20
alpha-olefin homo- or copolymers, nylon, polyethylene terephthalate,
polycarbonate, acrylic polymer, polystyrene, and blends of these polymers.
Suitable processing additives include aromatic or aliphatic hydrocarbon oils,
esters, amides, alcohols, acids, and their organic or inorganic salts as well as
silicone oils, polyether polyols, glycerol monostearate (GMS), pentaerytritol
monooleate, erucamide, stearamides, adipic acid, sebacic acid, styrene-
alpha-methyl-styrene, calcium stearate, zinc stearate, phthalates and blends
thereof. The processing additive preferably decreases the composition's melt
viscosity and/or elasticity at zero or low shear rates to allow for a reduction in
sintering time, cycle time and/or maximum mold temperature.
A recent report (LT. Pick, E. Harkin-Jones, Third Polymer Processing
Symposium, 28-29.01.2004, Belfast, p. 259-268) shows a correlation
between the number of bubbles in a rotomolded article and its impact
performance, with a higher number of bubbles resulting in lower impact
performance. In addition, a high number of bubbles has a negative influence
on the optical properties of the finished articles.
There is thus a need to provide a rotomolded article with a reduced number
of bubbles.
There is also a need to provide a rotomolded article with improved optical
properties.

There is also a need to provide a rotomolded article with improved
mechanical properties.
It is an object of the present invention to provide a rotomolded article based
on a poiyolefin composition with improved processabiiity in rotomolding
applications.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a rotomolded article
based on a poiyolefin composition that improves the sintering and
densification processes in rotomolding applications.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a rotomolded article
based on a poiyolefin composition that reduces bubble formation in the
rotomolding process.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a rotomolded article
based on a poiyolefin composition that improves optical properties of the
articles produced by rotomolding applications.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a rotomolded article
based on a poiyolefin composition that improves mechanical properties of the
articles produced by rotomolding applications.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a rotomolded article
based on a poiyolefin composition that allows reducing cycle time in a
rotomolding process.
It is another object of the present invention to provide a process for producing
by rotomolding an article with improved properties.

It is yet another object of the present invention to provide a rotomolding
process with improved densification and/or sintering processes.
Summary of the invention
Accordingly, the present invention provides rotomolded or slush molded
articles prepared from a polyolefin composition essentially consisting of
(a) from 99 % by weight to 99.999 % by weight of
(i) a polyolefin or
(ii) a polyolefin composition comprising from 50 % by weight to 99 %
by weight of a first polyolefin and from 1 % by weight to 50 % by
weight of a different polymer,
(b) from 0.001 % by weight to 1 % by weight of a densification aid;
(c) optionally from 0.025 % by weight to 0.500 % by weight of one or
more UV-stabilizers.
The present invention also discloses the use of that same composition in
rotomolding and slush molding.
Accompanying
Brief description of the^drawings
Figure 1 shows the temperature of air inside a mold expressed in degrees
centigrade as a function of time expressed in minutes for a complete cycle in
rotomolding applications.
Figure 2 shows a camera set-up used to study sintering and densification
behavior.
Figure 3 represents a sequence of photographs showing the coalescence
process.

Figure 4 represents a series of photographs showing the bubble removal
process.
Detailed description of the invention
The densification aid comprises a thermoplastic polyurethane, optionally
consisting essentially of a mixture of a thermoplastic polyurethane as major
component with a minor component selected from the group consisting of
polyether-block co-polyamide, polyetherester, polyethylene glycol and
fluoropolymer.
By major component it is meant that such a component makes up more than
50 % by weight. By minor component it is meant that such a component
makes up less than 50 % by weight
Polyether-block co-polyamides are represented by the general formula
■} HO-[C(O)-PA-C(O)-O-PEth-O]n-H (I)
wherein PA represents the polyamide segment and PEth the polyether
segment. For example the polyamide segment can be a PA 6, PA 66, PA 11
or a PA 12. The polyether segment can for example be a polyethylene glycol
(PEG) or a polypropylene glycol (PPG) or a polytetramethylenglycol (PTMG).
The molecular weight Mn of the polyamide sequence is usually between 300
and 15,000. The molecular weight Mn of the polyether sequence is usually
between 100 and 6000. Such materials are commercially available for
example from Atofina under the Pebax® trade name. .

The copolymers having polyamide blocks and polyether blocks are generally
obtained from the polycondensation of polyamide blocks having reactive end
groups with polyether blocks having reactive end groups, such as, inter alia:
1) polyamide blocks having diamine chain ends with polyoxyalkylene
blocks having dicarboxylic chain ends;
2) polyamide blocks having dicarboxylic chain ends with
polyoxyalkylene blocks having diamine chain ends, obtained by
cyanoethylation and hydrogenation of aliphatic dihydroxylated
α, ω-polyoxyalkylene blocks called polyetherdiols; and
3) polyamide blocks having dicarboxylic chain ends with polyetherdiols,
the products obtained being, in this particular case, polyetheresteramides.
The polyamide blocks having dicarboxylic chain ends derive, for example,
from the condensation of polyamide precursors in the presence of a chain-
stopping carboxylic diacid.
The polyamide blocks having diamine chain ends derive, for example, from
the condensation of polyamide precursors in the presence of a chain-
stopping diamine.
The polymers having polyamide blocks and polyether blocks may also
include randomly distributed units. These polymers may be prepared by the
simultaneous reaction of the polyether and of the precursors of the polyamide
blocks.
For example, a polyetherdiol, polyamide precursors and a chain-stopping
diacid may be made to react together. A polymer is obtained which
essentially has polyether blocks and polyamide blocks of very variable
length, but in addition the various reactants that have reacted randomly,
which are distributed in a random fashion along the polymer chain.

A polyether diamine, polyamide precursors and a chain-stopping diacid may
also be made to react together. A polymer is obtained which has essentially
polyether blocks and polyamide blocks of very variable length, but also the
various reactants that have reacted randomly, which are distributed in a
random fashion along the polymer chain.
The amount of polyether blocks in these copolymers having polyamide
blocks and polyether blocks is advantageously from 10 to 70% and
preferably from 35 to 60% by weight of the copolymer.
The polyetherdiol blocks may either be used as such and copolycondensed
with polyamide blocks having carboxylic end groups, or they may be
aminated in order to be converted into polyetherdiamines and condensed
with polyamide blocks having carboxylic end groups. They may also be
blended with polyamide precursors and a diacid chain stopper in order to
make the polymers having polyamide blocks and polyether blocks with
randomly distributed units.
The number-average molar mass Mn of the polyamide blocks is usually
between 300 and 15,000, except in the case of the polyamide blocks of the
second type. The mass Mn of the polyether blocks is usually between 100
and 6000.
As regards the polyetheresters, these are copolymers having polyester
blocks and polyether blocks. They generally consist of soft polyether blocks,
which are the residues of polyetherdiols, and of hard segments (polyester
blocks), which usually result from the reaction of at least one dicarboxylic
acid with at least one chain-extending short diol unit. The polyester blocks
and the polyether blocks are generally linked by ester linkages resulting from
the reaction of the acid functional groups of the acid with the OH functional
groups of the polyetherdiol. The short chain-extending diol may be chosen
from the group consisting of neopentyl glycol, cyclohexanedimethanol and

aliphatic glycols of formula HO(CH2)nOH in which n is an integer varying from
2 to 10. Advantageously, the diacids are aromatic dicarboxylic acids having
from 8 to 14 carbon atoms. Up to 50 mol% of the dicarboxylic aromatic acid
may be replaced with at least one other dicarboxylic aromatic acid having
from 8 to 14 carbon atoms, and/or up to 20 mol% may be replaced with a
dicarboxylic aliphatic acid having from 2 to 12 carbon atoms.
As examples of dicarboxylic aromatic acids, mention may be made of
terephthalic, isophthalic, dibenzoic, naphthalenedicarboxylic acids,
4,4'-diphenylenedicarboxylic acid, bis(p-carboxyphenyl)methane acid,
ethylenebis(p-benzoic acid), 1,4-tetramethylenebis(p-oxybenzoic acid),
ethylenebis(paraoxybenzoic acid) and 1,3-trimethylene bis(p-oxybenzoic
acid). As examples of glycols, mention may be made of ethylene glycol,
1,3-trimethylene glycol, 1,4-tetramethylene glycol, 1,6-hexamethylene glycol,
1,3-propylene glycol, 1,8-octamethylene glycol, 1,10-decamethyIene glycol
and 1,4-cyclohexyIenedimethanol. The copolymers having polyester blocks
and polyether blocks are, for example, copolymers having polyether blocks
derived from polyether diols, such as polyethylene glycol (PEG),
polypropylene glycol (PPG) or polytetramethylene glycol (PTMG),s
dicarboxylic acid units, such as terephthalic acid, and glycol (ethanediol) or
1,4-butanediol units. The chain-linking of the polyethers and diacids forms
soft segments while the chain-linking of the glycol or the butanediol with the
diacids forms the hard segments of the copolyetherester. Such
copolyetheresters are disclosed in patents EP 402 883 and EP 405 227.
These polyetheresters are thermoplastic elastomers. They may contain
plasticizers.
Polyetheresters can for example be obtained from Du Pont Company under
the Hytrel® trademark.
As regards the polyurethanes, these in general consist of soft polyether
blocks, which usually are residues of polyetherdiols, and hard blocks

(polyurethanes), which may result from the reaction of at least one
diisocyanate with at least one short diol. The short chain-extending diol may
be chosen from the glycols mentioned above in the description of the
polyether esters. The poiyurethane blocks and polyether blocks are linked by
linkages resulting from the reaction of the isocyanate functional groups with
the OH functional groups of the polyether diol.
Thermoplastic polyurethanes can for example be obtained from Elastogran
GmbH under the Elastollan® trade name or from Dow Chemical Company
under the Pellethane® trade name.
Polyethylene glycols have the general formula
H-(OCH2-CH2-)nOH (I)
Polyethylene glycols are commercially available in a wide range of molecular
weights and viscosities. Depending upon their molecular weights
polyethylene glycols can be liquid or solid. The polyethylene glycols used in
the present invention usually have an average molecular weight from 100 to
2000 g/mol and more preferably from 150 to 700 g/moi. Suitable polyethylene
glycols can for example be obtained from Dow Chemical Company or BASF
under the Carbowax® and Pluriol E® trade names.
The fluoropolymers suited as processing aid in the present invention are for
example polymers of vinylidene fluoride (H2C=CF2) and/or copolymers of
vinylidene fluoride and hexaftuoropropyiene (F2C=CF-CF3). Though the
copolymers of vinylidene fluoride and hexafluoropropyiene do not have
elastomeric properties they are commonly referred to as "fluoroelastomers".
The content of the comonomer hexaftuoropropyiene in a fluoroelastomer is
usually in the range of 30 to 40 % by weight. Fluoropolymers suited as
processing aids in the current invention are for example commercially

available under the Dynamar®, Viton® and Kynar® trade names from Dyneon,
DuPont-Dow Elastomers or Atofina.
Polyethylenes prepared with a Ziegler-Natta or with metallocene catalyst or
with late transition metal catalyst systems are typically used in rotomolding
applications. Other materials can also be used, such as for example
polypropylene. Linear low density polyethylene is preferably used as
disclosed for example in "Some new results on rotational molding of
metallocene polyethylenes" by D. Annechini, E. Takacs and J. Vlachopoulos
in ANTEC, vol. 1,2001.
The preferred polyolefin used in the composition according to the present
invention is a homo- or co-polymer of ethylene produced with a catalyst
comprising a metallocene on a silica/aluminoxane support. More preferably,
the metallocene component is ethylene-bis-tetrahydroindenyl zirconium
dichloride or bis-(n-butyt-cyclopentadienyl) zirconium dichloride or dichloro-
(dimethylsilylene)bis(2-methyl-4-phenyl-indenylidene) zirconium dichloride.
The most preferred metallocene component is ethylene-bis-tetrahydroindenyl
zirconium dichloride.
In this description, the term copolymer refers to the polymerization product of
one monomer and one or more comonomers. Preferably the monomer and
the one or more comonomers are alpha-olefins with two to ten carbon atoms,
with monomer and comonomer(s) being different alpha-olefins. More
preferably the monomer is either ethylene or propylene and the one or more
comonomers are alpha-olefins with two to eight carbon atoms. Most
preferably the monomer is ethylene and the comonomer is either 1-butene or
1-hexene.
The melt index of the polyethylene or polypropylene resin preferably used in
the present invention typically tails in the following ranges:

- If the polyolefin of the present invention is a homo- or co-polymer of
ethylene, its melt index MI2 is typically in the range 0.1 to 25 dg/min,
preferably in the range 0.5 to 15 dg/min and most preferably in the
range 1.5 to 10 dg/min. The MI2 is measured according to ASTM D
1283 at a temperature of 190°C and a load of 2.16 kg.
- If the polyolefin of the present invention is a homo- or copolymer of
propylene, its melt flow index (MFI) is typically in the range 0.1 to 40
dg/min, preferably in the range 0.5 to 30 dg/min and most preferably in
the range 1 to 25 dg/min. The MFI is measured according to ASTM D
1283 at a temperature of 230°C and a load of 2.16 kg.
For the homo- and co-polymers of ethylene that can be used in the present
invention, the density is typically in the range 0.910 to 0.975 g/ml and
preferably in the range 0.915 to 0.955 g/ml, and most preferably in the range
0.925 to 0.945 g/ml. The density is measured according to ASTM D 1505 at
23°C.
The polyolefins of the present invention may also have a bi- or multimodal
molecular weight distribution, i.e. they may be a blend of two or more
polyolefins with different molecular weight distributions, which can be
blended either physically or chemically, i.e. produced sequentially in two or
more reactors.
The polydispersity D of the polyolefins used in the present Invention is
defined as the ratio Mw/Mn of the weight average molecular weight Mw over
the number average molecular weight Mn. It is in the range 2 to 20,
preferably 2 to 8, more preferably less than or equal to 5, and most
preferably less than or equal to 4, the latter range being typically associated
with the preferred metallocene-prepared polyethylene resins.

The polyolefins of the present invention may also comprise other additives
such as for example antioxidants, acid scavengers, antistatic additives, fillers,
slip additives or anti-blocking additives.
When a polyolefin composition is used as starting material, the composition
comprises:
- from 50 to 99 % by weight of a first polyolefin, preferably polyethylene;
- from 1 to 50 % by weight of a second polymer, which is different from
the processing aid, and which is preferably selected from the group
consisting of polyamide, copolyamide, a second polyolefin different
from the first one, copolymers of ethylene and vinyl acetate (EVA),
copolymers of ethylene and vinyl alcohol (EVOH), polystyrene,
polycarbonate and polyvinyl chloride (PVC).
It is also possible to use a polyolefin comprising a densification aid as one or
more layers of a multilayered rotomolded article with the other layers
comprising a polymer preferably selected from the group consisting of
polyamide, copolyamide, a second polyolefin different from the first one,
copolymers of ethylene and vinyl acetate (EVA), copolymers of ethylene and
vinyl alcohol (EVOH), polystyrene, polycarbonate and polyvinyl chloride
(PVC).
The one or more UV-stabilizers can be selected from any known UV-
stabilizer known in the art. The preferred UV-stabilizers are hindered amine
light stabilizers (HALS). Commercially available examples of HALS include
Chimassorb® 944, Tinuvin® 622 or Tinuvin® 783 from Ciba Specialty
Chemicals.
Surprisingly, it has been found that the addition of 0.001 % by weight to 1 %
by weight of a processing aid improves the processability of a polyolefin in
rotomolding by modifying the sintering and the densification behavior.

The use of a processing aid according to the present invention results in
cycle time reductions of at least 10 %, preferably by at least 20 %. In order to
obtain the same number of bubbles in the rotomolded articles the peak
internal air temperature (PIAT) can be reduced by at least 10 degrees
centigrade.
Even more surprisingly, it has been found that the further addition of from
0.025 % by weight to 0.500 % by weight of one or more UV-stabilizers to the
composition described hereabove comprising 0.001 % by weight to 1 % by
weight of a processing aid even further improves the processability of the
polyolefin in rotomolding.
it is believed that there is a synergy between the processing aid and the UV-
stabilizer, and it is thus preferred to use both.
In rotomolding a premeasured amount of polymer is placed in one half of the
mold, the moid is closed and then heated until the polymer is molten. The
mold is rotated so as to get an even distribution of the polymer in the mold.
The mold can be rotated either uniaxially or biaxially, but biaxial rotation is
widely preferred, i.e. simultaneous rotation around two perpendicular axes. In
the following step the mold is cooled, opened and the formed article is
removed from the mold.
The rotomolding cycle comprises three main steps, each of which has an
impact on cycle time and the properties of the so-produced article. The three
steps comprise:
- sintering or coalescence,
- densification or bubble removal, and
- crystallization.
This is illustrated in Figure 1 giving the air temperature in the mold,
expressed in degrees centigrade, as a function of time, expressed in

minutes, during an exemplary molding cycle. The first inflexion in the curve
noted as point A marks the beginning of the sintering or coalescence of the
polymer particles. Sintering in the present application represents the
coalescence of the polymer particles. The next inflexion in the curve noted as
point B marks the beginning of the densification process of the molten
polymer. Densification in the present application means bubble removal.
Throughout this application sintering and densification are seen as two
distinct processes; they vary independently with the rotomolding parameters
and with the resin properties.
Point C on the curve represents the Peak Internal Air Temperature (PIAT),
followed by point D that marks the beginning of the crystallization process.
Point E is associated with the time at which the rotomolded article is
completely solidified and starts receding from the walls of the mold. Point F
marks the opening of the mold, i.e. the end of the rotomolding cycle.
The present invention is mostly concerned with the modification of the
polymer behavior in the sintering (coalescence) and densification (bubble
removal) phases of the rotomolding cycle and slush molding cycle. Sintering
is measured according to a method described for example by Bellehumeur et
al. (C.T. Bellehumeur, M.K. Bisaria, J. Vlachopoulos, Polymer Engineering
and Science, 36, 2198, 1996). Densification and bubble formation has been
discussed by Kontopoulo et al. (M. Kontopoulo, E. Takacs, J. Vlachopoulos,
Rotation, 28, January 2000). During melting air pockets or bubbles are
trapped, thus delaying the formation of a homogeneous melt and also
affecting the aesthetical and/or mechanical properties of the finished product.
For the present invention a charge-coupled device (CCD) camera was used
to characterize the properties of polyolefin powders during a rotomolding
cycle or during sintering and/or densification simulations.

Examples
Characterization of the processing behavior was analyzed using a megapixel
progressive scan interline CCD with on-chip circuits commercially available
from Kodak. It has the following characteristics:
- architecture: interline CCD, progressive scan, non-interlaced
- pixel count: 1000(H) x 1000(V)
- pixel size : 7.4 um(H) x 7.4 um(V)
- photosensitive area : 7.4 mm(H) x 7.4 mm(V)
- output sensitivity: 12 uV/electron
- saturation signal: 40,000 electrons
- dark noise : 40 electrons rms
- dark current (typical): - dynamic range : 60 dB
- quantum efficiency at 500, 540,600 nm : 36%, 33%, 26%
- blooming suspension: 100X
- image lag : - smear: - maximum data rate: 40 MHz/channel (2 channels)
- integrated vertical clock drivers
- integrated correlated double sampling (CDS)
- integrated electronic shutter driver
The high performance 15-bit (16 bits minus 1 bit for control) CCD sensor with
transparent gate electrode provides 32,768 unsigned levels of gray, allows
the acquisition of about 10,000 frames/s and covers a broad spectrum of
from 400 to 1000 nm.
The camera set-up used to study sintering and densification behavior is
illustrated in Figure 2 with the CCD camera (1), the IR probe (2), the
computer (3), the heating system (4) and the annular lighting system (5). A

typical example for sintering is shown in Figure 3 and a typical example for
densification or bubble removal in Figure 4.
The progressive disappearance of bubbles as a function of time and
temperature is clearly and instantaneously followed. In addition to the visual
aspect, the computer instantaneously produces a set of parameters resulting
from picture analysis. These parameters are explained in Table I.


The average distance between two bubbles Dav is defined as
Dav = 4(1-Aa)/Sv
wherein Sv = 4rr (Deq/2)2. Aa / ((4TT/3) (Deq/2)3)
wherein the equivalent bubble diameter Deq is defined in terms of the
average surface of one bubble S by the equation S = 4TT (Deq/2)2.
The base polyethylenes were supplied as pellets. The pellets were ground at
40 to 80°C on commercial grinding equipment, e.g. a Wedco Series SE
machine, to a powder with grain sizes from 100 µm to 800 µm. The
processing aid or a blend of processing aids and a UV-stabilizer or a blend of
UV-stabilizers were added to the powder in commercial mixing equipment.
Irganox® B 215 is a blend of Irgafos® 168 and Irganox® 1010 and is
commercially ava'lable from Ciba Specialty Chemicals. Tinuvin® 783 is a UV-
stabilizer commercially available from Ciba Specialty Chemicals. Cyasorb
THT® 4611 and Cyasorb THT® 4802 are UV-stabilizers commercially
available from Cytec Industries. Elastollan® 1180 A can be obtained from
Elastogran GmbH.
Examples 1 to 4 and Comparative Example 1
The polyethylene used for examples 1 to 4 and comparative example 1 was
a monomodal polyethylene with a MI2 of 8.0 dg/min and a density of 0.934
g/ml; it was produced using a supported metallocene catalyst system. It is
commercially available from Atofina under the name Finacene® M3582.
The processing aids, UV-stabilizers and other additives are given in Table II,
together with their respective amounts.

The samples were evaluated on a 10 L canister prepared by rotomolding
using a commercial rotomolding equipment Peak Internal Air Temperature
(PIAT) was 210°C in all cases.

Using the polymer compositions of examples 1 to 4 rotomolded articles with a
low number of bubbles could be obtained.

WE CLAIM:
1. A process for rotomolding and/or slush molding of articles from polyolefin composition
essentially consisting of:
(a) from 99% by weight to 99.999% by weight of
(i) a polyolefin, or
(ii) a polyolefin composition comprising from 50% by weight to 99% by weight of a
first polyolefin and from 1% by weight to 50% by weight of a second polymer;
and optionally from 0.025% by weight to 0.500% by weight of one or more
UV-stabilizers;
(b) characterized in that from 0.001% by weight to 1% by weight of a densification aid,
comprising a thermoplastic polyurethane, is used in the process, said densification aid
i.e. processing aid being different from the second polymer.
2. The process as claimed in claim 1, wherein the densification aid is a mixture of a thermoplastic
polyurethane as major component with a minor component selected from the group consisting of
fluoropolymer, polyether-block co-polyamide, polyetherester and polyethylene glycol.
3. The process asclaimed in claim 2, wherein the polyolefin is a homo- or copolymer of ethylene
or propylene.
4. The process as claimed in claim 3, wherein the polyolefin is a homo- or copolymer of ethylene
prepared with a metallocene catalyst system.
5. The process as claimed in any of the preceding claims, wherein the peak internal air temperature
is reduced by at least 10°C to obtain the same number of bubbles per mm2 with respect to the same
process carried out on the same polyolefin under the same processing conditions without the addition
of densification aid and optional UV-stabilizer.

6. The process as claimed in any of the preceding claims wherein the cycle time is reduced by at
least 10% with respect to the same process carried out on the same polyolefin under the same
processing conditions without the addition of densification aid and optional UV-stabilizer.


There is disclosed a process for rotomolding and/or slush molding of articles from polyolefin
composition essentially consisting of from 99% by weight to 99.999% by weight of a polyolefin, or a
polyolefin composition comprising from 50% by weight to 99% by weight of a first polyolefin and
from 1% by weight to 50% by weight of a second polymer; and optionally from 0.025% by weight to
0.500% by weight of one or more UV-stabilizers; characterized in that from 0.001% by weight to 1%
by weight of a densification aid, comprising a thermoplastic polyurethane, is used in the process, said
densification aid i.e. processing aid being different from the second polymer.

Documents:

03188-kolnp-2006 abstract.pdf

03188-kolnp-2006 assignment.pdf

03188-kolnp-2006 claims.pdf

03188-kolnp-2006 correspondence others.pdf

03188-kolnp-2006 description (complete).pdf

03188-kolnp-2006 drawings.pdf

03188-kolnp-2006 form-1.pdf

03188-kolnp-2006 form-3.pdf

03188-kolnp-2006 form-5.pdf

03188-kolnp-2006 international publication.pdf

03188-kolnp-2006 international search authority report.pdf

03188-kolnp-2006-assignment-1.1.pdf

03188-kolnp-2006-correspondence others-1.1.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-ABSTRACT 1.1.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-AMANDED CLAIMS.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-assignment.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-CORRESPONDENCE 1.1.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-correspondence.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-DESCRIPTION (COMPLETE) 1.1.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-DRAWINGS 1.1.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-FORM 1-1.1.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-form 18.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-FORM 2.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-FORM 3-1.1.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-form 3.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-form 5.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-FORM-27.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-gpa.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-granted-abstract.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-granted-claims.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-granted-description (complete).pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-granted-drawings.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-granted-form 1.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-granted-form 2.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-granted-specification.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-OTHERS.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-others1.1.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-PETITION UNDER RULE 137-1.1.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-PETITION UNDER RULE 137.pdf

3188-KOLNP-2006-REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT.pdf

3188-kolnp-2006-reply to examination report1.1.pdf


Patent Number 249823
Indian Patent Application Number 3188/KOLNP/2006
PG Journal Number 46/2011
Publication Date 18-Nov-2011
Grant Date 15-Nov-2011
Date of Filing 01-Nov-2006
Name of Patentee TOTAL PETROCHEMICALS RESEARCH FELUY
Applicant Address ZONE INDUSTRIELLE C, B-7181 SENEFFE (FELUY)BELGIUM
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 MAZIERS, ERIC AVENUE DE LA MOTTE-BARAFFE, 52, B-7180 SENEFFE, BELGIUM
PCT International Classification Number C08L 23/02
PCT International Application Number PCT/EP2005/052462
PCT International Filing date 2005-05-30
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 04102391.2 2004-05-28 EUROPEAN UNION