Title of Invention

POLYMERIZABLE DICHROMOPHORIC DICHROIC AZO DYES

Abstract The present invention is directed towards polymerizable dichromophoric dichroic azo dyes comprising azo-chromophores ro which polymerizable groups are attached leading to dyes having sufficient solubility in combination with high coloring power and high order parameter.
Full Text FORM 2
THE PATENTS ACT, 1970 (39 of 1970) & THE PATENTS RULES, 2003
COMPLETE SPECIFICATION
[See section 10, Rule 13]
POLYMERIZABLE DICHROMOPHORIC
DICHROIC AZO DYES;
ROLIC AG, A CORPORATION ORGANIZED AND EXISTING UNDER THE LAWS OF SWITZERLAND, WHOSE ADDRESS IS CHAMERSTRASSE 50, 6301 ZUG, SWITZERLAND.
THE FOLLOWING SPECIFICATION
PARTICULARLY DESCRIBES THE
INVENTION AND THE MANNER IN WHICH IT IS TO BE PERFORMED.
1

The invention relates to new polymerizable dichromophoric dichroic azo dyes, mesogenic polymerizable mixtures containing the same and their use for the preparation of dichroic polymer networks and gels, which for instance may find application as uniform or patterned polarizers.
Many dyes have been developed for a variety of applications such as dyeing of fabrics, printing of textiles, coloring of plastics, color image formation in photography, etc. To provide the requisite properties, such as hue, solubility, affinity for the substrate, chemical resistance, and compatibility with the medium from which the dye is applied, the molecular structure and bond rigidity of the dye are specially designed for each application. Important properties required for the present application in mesogenic, polymerizable mixtures and dichroic polymer networks and gels, include the following: dichroism, solubility, high order parameter, coloring power and stability of the dichroic polymer.
Dichroism is the property whereby an oriented assembly of dye molecules exhibits relatively low absorption of a given wavelength of light in one state of orientation and a relatively high absorption of the same wavelength in another state of orientation with respect to the polarization direction of the light source. The orientation of the dye molecules can be brought about for example by dissolution in a solvent of liquid crystals or by embedding the dye in a stretched plastic.
Solubility must be sufficiently high so that thin layers, e.g. in the range of micrometers, may contain enough dye molecules to have adequate light absorption in one of the orientate states.
Order parameter is a quantitative measure of the degree of molecular order or alignment in a given system. High order parameter is promoted by dyes with elongated shape having a large ratio of molecular length to width, similar to the shape of molecules of the liquid crystal host material. To assure an elongated shape, the molecules should have a rigid structure, which can be obtained, for example, by a substantially linear arrangement
2

of benzene or heterocyclic rings.
Brightness and contrast of dichroic polymer networks or gels are both related to the order parameter S of the dye, where
S = D|| - D┴. / D|| + 2D┴.
and D| | and D┴_ are the optical densities of a dichroic dye in a liquid crystalline host material measured for light polarizations parallel and perpendicular to the liquid crystal director.
Preferably, the order parameter should exceed 0.7 and preferably should be as high as possible.
Coloring power of a dye is expressed by its extinction coefficient s. It is directly related to the economic viability of a dye. Also, it is of importance especially for the preparation of dye-containing mesogenic polymerizable mixtures and their use for the preparation of dichroic polymer networks and gels, as the concentration of the dye in the mesogenic host should be as low as possible in order to avoid a detrimental influence of the dye to the mesogenic properties of the host.
Stability of the dichroic polymer means that the properties of the polymer containing the dichroic dye should not alter during time due to diffusion processes or inhomogenicities caused by partial crystallization of the dye. It also means that the dichroic dyes should not migrate into adjacent layers if such polymers are designed for use in multilayer systems.
Various dichroic dyes have been proposed as materials, which fulfill partly the above-described requirements. There are, however, still drawbacks, which should be improved. In particular, those having high order parameters and/or high coloring power have poor solubility or cause instability of the dichroic polymer, and those showing good stability of the dichroic polymer do not have a high order parameter and/or a high coloring power. Thus there is a need for a concept whereby preferably all or at least a suitable combination of the above-described requirements may be fulfilled.
3

With the forgoing in mind, the present inventors found that attaching two azo-Chromophores to a linker leads to dyes combining very high order parameter, high coloring power and sufficient solubility, when at least one ring system, which increases the width of the molecule, is incorporated in the chromophore, and that the above described stability problem can be overcome if the dichroic dye contains polymerizable groups.
Thus, in a first aspect the present invention provides a polymerizable dichroic azo dye of the general formula I:



wherein:
A represents a dichroic residue, exhibiting at least partial absorption in the visible region between 400 nanometer and 800 nanometer and comprising at least one azo-binding group that is linked to at least one radical of formula a) to g) shown below,


4
4


(i)

g).

which radical of formula a) to g) may be unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, hydroxy, -NR1 R2 or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -NR1-CO-, -CO-NR1-, -NR1-CO-0-, -O-CO-NR1-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -O-CO-O-, wherein R1 and R2 independently represent hydrogen or lower alkyl, wherein the broken lines (i) symbolize the possible linkages to the azo-binding group and wherein:
R represents hydrogen or lower alkyl;
E each independently represents hydrogen, lower alkyl, lower acyl or a
polymerizable group selected from acryloyl or methacryloyl;

B

represents a group of substructure II












wherein the broken line wherein

symbolizes the linkage to the azo-chromophore A and

D1, D2 each independently represents an aromatic or alicyclic group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, chlorine, cyano, nitro, or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may
5

independently be replaced by Q, whereby Q represents -0-, -CO-, -CO-0-, -0-CO-, -Si(CH3)2-0-Si(CH3)2-, -NR-, -NR-CO-, -CO-NR-, -NR-CO-0-, -0-CO-NR-, -NR-CO-NR-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -O-CO-O- and R has the meaning given above;
Z1, Z2 each independently represents a single covalent bond or a spacer unit, such as a straight-chain or branched alkylene residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted by cyano or halogeno, or poly-substituted by halogeno, having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by Q or -CR=C-CO-, wherein Q and R have the meaning given above;
m1„ m2 independently are 0 or 1;
Sp represents a single covalent bond or a spacer unit, such as a straight-chain or branched alkylene residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted by cyano or halogeno, or poly-substituted by halogeno, having 1 to 24 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by Q,: wherein Q has the meaning given above;
L represents a group of substructure III
-X1-(W)n-X2-
III
Wherein:
X1'. X2 each independently represents a single covalent bond or a spacer unit, such as a straight-chain or branched alkylene residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted by cyano or halogeno, or poly-substituted by halogeno, having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by-O-, -CO-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -Si(CH3)2-0-Si(CH3)2-, -NE-,
6

-NR-CO-, -CO-NR-, -NR-CO-0-, -0-CO-NR-, -NR-CO-NR-, -N=CR-, -CR=N-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -0-CO-O- or -CR=C-CO-, wherein R and E have the meaning given above, wherein, of course, if n=0 and X1 as well as X2 are given as single covalent bond, the whole linker L is a single covalent bond;
W represents a spacer unit, such as a straight-chain or branched alkylene
residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted by cyano or halogeno, or poly-substituted by halogeno, having 1 to 24 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by Q, wherein Q has the meaning given above and wherein heteroatoms are not directly linked to each other, or an aromatic or alicyclic group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, chlorine, cyano, nitro, or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by Q, wherein Q has the meaning given above, and
n is O or
or, if two radicals of formula d) are attached to L, L represents a radical of formula h) to j) shown below,



which radical of formula h) to j) may be unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, hydroxy, -NR1R2 or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2
7

groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-0-, -0-CO-, -NR1-CO-, -CO-NR1-, -NR1-CO-0-, -O-CO-NR1-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -0-CO-0-, wherein R1 and R2 independently represent hydrogen or lower alkyl;
PG represents a polymerizable group.
It is understood that the term "dichroic residue" includes the pure chromophore system to Which ring systems, additional polymerizable groups and/or spacer units may be attached [i.e. Group A of formula (I)].
It is understood that the term "aromatic" includes optionally substituted carbocyclic and heterocyclic groups comprising five-, six- or ten-membered ring systems, such as furane, benzene, pyridine, pyrimidine, naphthalene, or tetraline units.
It is understood that the term "alicyclic" includes non-aromatic carbocyclic or heterocyclic ring systems having 3 to 10 carbon atoms, such as cyclopropane, cyclobutane, cyclopentane, cyclopentene, cyclohexane, 1,3-dioxane, cyclohexene, cyciohexadiene and decaline.
It is understood that the phrase "straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by Q" includes groups selected from the group comprising methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, sec-butyl, tert-butyl, pentyl, isopentyl, cyclopentyl, hexyl, cyclohexyl, heptyl, octyl, nonyl, decyl, 3-methylpentyl, allyl, but-3-en-1-yl, pent-4-en-1-yl, hex-5-en-1-yl, propynyl, butynyl, pentynyl, methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy, isopropoxy, butoxy, isobutoxy, sec-butoxy, tert-butoxy, pentyloxy, isopentyloxy, cyclopentyloxy, hexyloxy, cyclohexyloxy, heptyloxy, octyloxy, nonyloxy, 3-methylpentyloxy, allyloxy, but-3-enyloxy, pent-4-enyloxy, cylohexylmethoxy, cyclopentylmethoxy, methoxycarbonyl, ethoxycarbonyl, propoxy-carbonyl, isopropoxycarbonyl, butoxycarbonyl, isobutoxycarbonyl, sec-butoxy-carbonyl, tert-butoxycarbonyl, pentyloxycarbonyl, isopentyloxycarbonyl , cyclopentyloxy-carbonyl, hexyloxycarbonyl, cyclohexyloxycarbonyl, octyloxycarbonyl, nonyloxycarbonyl, 3-methylpentyloxycarbonyl, allyloxycarbonyl, but-3-enyloxycarbonyl,
8

pent-4-en-yl-oxy-carbonyI, cylohexylmethoxycarbonyl, cyclopentylmethoxycarbonyl, acetoxy, ethylcarbonyloxy, propylcarbonyloxy, isopropylcarbonyloxy, butylcarbonyloxy, isobutylcarbonyloxy, sec-butylcarbonyloxy, tert-butylcarbonyloxy, pentylcarbonyloxy, isopentylcarbonyloxy, cyclopentylcarbonyloxy, hexylcarbonyloxy, cyclohexylcarbonyloxy, octylcarbonyloxy, nonylcarbonyloxy, 3-methylpentylcarbonyloxy, but-3-enyloxy, pent-4-enyloxy, acetyl, ethylcarbonyl, propylcarbonyl, isopropylcarbonyl, butylcarbonyl, isobutylcarbonyl, sec-butylcarbonyl, pentylcarbonyl, isopentylcarbonyl, cyclohexylcarbonyl, octyl, carbonyl, nonylcarbonyl, methoxyacetoxy, 1-methoxy-2-propoxy, 3-methoxy-1-propoxy, 2-methOxyethoxy, 2-isopropoxyethoxy, 1-ethoxy-3-pentyioxy, 3-butynyloxy, 4-pentynyloxy, 5-chloropentynyl, 4-pentynecarbohyloxy, 6-propyloxyhexyl, 6-propyloxyhexyloxy, 2-fluoroethyl, trifluoromethyl, 2,2,2-trifluoroethyl, 1H,1H-pentadeca-fluorooctyl, 1H,1H,7H-dodecafluoroheptyl, 2-(perfluorooctyl)ethyl, 2-(perfluorobutyl)ethyl, 2-(perfluorohexyl)ethyl, 2-(perfluorodecyl)ethyl, perfluoropropyl, perfluorobutyl, perfluoroheptyl, perfluorooctyl, perfluorononyl. 1-fluoropropoxy, 1-fluoropentyloxy, 2-fluoropropoxy, 2,2-difluoropropoxy, 3-fluoropropoxy, 3,3-difluoropropoxy, 3,3,3-trifluoropropoxy, trifluoromethoxy or variations thereof.
It is understood that the term "lower alkyl" includes straight chain and branched hydrocarbon radicals having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 3 carbon atoms. Methyl, ethyl, propyl and isopropyl groups are especially preferred.
It is understood .that the term "lower acyl" includes acetyl, propionyl, butyryl and isobytyryl groups. Acetyl is especially preferred.
It is understood that the term "halogeno" includes fluoro, chloro, bromo and iodo, preferably fluoro and chloro.
H is understood that the term "optionally substituted" includes optionally mono-substituted by lower alkyl, nitro, cyano or halogeno or poly-substituted by lower alkyl and/or cyano and/or halogeno.
9


The dichroic residue A may preferably be selected from the groups according to general formula IV:


wherein the broken line (iii) symbolizes the linkage to the group B and wherein
Ar1, Ar2 independently of each other are 1,4-phenylene, 1,4- or 1,5-naphthylene,
which are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, hydroxy, -NR1 R2 or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-' substituted by fluorine, and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by Q, wherein Q has the meaning given above and R1 and R2 independently represent hydrogen or lower alkyl;
q1, q2 independently are 0 or 1;
10
G1, G2 represent independently of each other 1,4-phenylene, 2,4-thiazolene, 2,5-thiazolene or a group of formula a1) to g)



which 1,4-phenylene, 2,4-thiazolene, 2,5-thiazolene and groups of formula a1) to
g) are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, hydroxy,
-NR1R2 or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon
atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine,
and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be
replaced by -0-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -NR1-CO-, -CO-NR1-, -NR1-CO-0-,
-O-CO-NR1-, -CH=CH-, -OC-, -O-CO-O-, wherein R1 and R2 independently
represent hydrogen or lower alkyl,
with the proviso that G1 is not a group of formula d) and
wherein the broken lines (i) symbolize the linkage to the azo-binding group and
R, E have the meaning given above;
U represents a single covalent bond or a spacer unit, such as a straight-chain or
branched alkylene residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted by cyano or halogeno, or poly-substituted by halogeno, having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -Si(CH3)2-0-Si(CH3)2-, -NE-, -NR-CO-, -CO-NR-, -NR-CO-O-, -O-CO-NR-, -NR-CO-NR-,-N=CR-, -CR=N-, -N=CR-, -CR=N-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -O-CO-O- or -CR=C-CO- and R and E have the meaning given above;
with the proviso that if G1 and G2 are optionally substituted 1,4-phenylene, 2,4-thiazolene or 2,5-thiazolene at least one of Ar1 or Ar2 is optionally substituted 1,4-naphthylene.
Polymerizable groups PG are each independently preferably selected from the formulae CH2=CY-, CH2=CY-COO-, CH2=CH-CO-NH-, CH2=C(Ph)-CO-NH-, CH2=CH-0*, CH2=CH-OOC-, Ph-CH=CH-, CH2=CH-Ph-, CH2=CH-Ph-0-, CH2=CH-Ph-OCO-, R3-Ph-CH=CH-COO-, R2-OOC-CH=CH-Ph-0-, N-maleinimidyl,
11



wherein Y each independently represents hydrogen, chloro or methyl, R2 is hydrogen or lower alkyl, R3 is hydrogen or lower alkoxy, Ph- is phenyl and -Ph- is 1,4-phenylene.
Particularly preferred groups PG include CH2=CY-, CH2=CY-COO-, CH2=CH-0-, CH2=CH-OOC-, CH2=CH-Ph-0-, CH2=CH-Ph-OCO-,

wherein Y is hydrogen or methyl.
Most preferred groups PG include CH2=CY-COO-, CH2=CH-0-, CH2=CH-OOC-,


wherein Y is hydrogen or methyl.
It is understood that the term "lower alkoxy" includes straight chain and branched hydrocarbonoxy radicals having 1 to 6 carbon atoms, preferably 1 to 3 carbon atoms. Methoxy, ethoxy, propoxy and isopropoxy groups are especially preferred.
Preferred rings D1 and D2 independently of each other are unsubstituted, saturated five-6r six-membered alicyclic rings or six- or ten-membered aromatic rings, which are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine or nitro or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-6 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2
12

groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-0-, -0-CO-, -NR2-CO-, -CO-NR2-, - -NR2-CO-Ch -O-CO-NR2-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -0-CO-0-, wherein R2 represents hydrogen or lower alkyl.
Particularly preferred rings D1 and D2 include unsubstituted cyclopentane-1,3-diyl, unsubstituted 1,3-dioxane-2,5-diyl, unsubstituted cyclohexane-1,4-diyl, unsubstituted naphtalene-2,6-diyl or 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine or chlorine or by a straight-chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-3 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-.
Most preferred rings D1 and D2 are 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl, methoxy, acyl or-CO-0-CH3.
Preferred "spacer units" Sp of the present invention include a single bond, or a straight-chain or branched alkylene grouping, such as -(CH2)r. and also –(CH2)r -O-(CH2)s-, -(CH2)rCO-0-(CH2)s-, -(CH2)r -O-CO-(CH2)s-, -(CH2)rNR2-CO-(CH2)s-,-(CH2)rNR2-CO-0-(CH2)s->-(CH2CH2)u-(OCH2CH2)v-. wherein r and s are each an integer from 1 to 22 and the sum of r + s Particularly preferred "spacer units" Sp include a single bond or a C1-14 straight-chain alkylene group, especially ethylene, propylene, butylene, pentylene, hexylene, heptylene, octylene, nonylene, decylene, undecylene, or dodecylene.
Preferred Z1 and Z2 groups each independently include a single covalent bond or a straight-chain or branched alkylene residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted or poly-substituted by fluoro, having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-,
13

-NR2-C0-, -CO-NR2-, -NR2-CO-0-, -0-CO-NR2-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -O-CO-O-, -CR2=C-CO-, wherein R2 represents hydrogen or lower alkyl.
Particularly preferred Z1 and Z2 groups each independently include a single covalent bond or a straight-chain or branched alkylene residue, having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-O-, -0-CO-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -O-CO-O-, -CR2=C-CO-, wherein R2 represents hydrogen or lower alkyl.
It is most preferred that Z1 and Z2 are each independently selected from a group consisting of a single covalent bond, -0-, -CO-0-, -O-CO-, -CH2-O- or -O-CH2-.
Preferred E groups include hydrogen, methyl, acetyl, acryloyl and methacryloyl.
Particularly preferred E groups include hydrogen, methyl and acetyl.
It is preferred that the sum of the integers q1 + q2 is 0 or 1.
It is preferred that W is a straight-chain or branched alkylene grouping, such as -(CH2)r> and also -(CH2)r -O-(CH2)s-, -(CH2)r-CO-0-(CH2)s-, -(CH2)r -O-CO-(CH2)s-, -(CH2)r-NR2-CO-(CH2)s-,-(CH2)rNR2-CO-0-(CH2)s-,-(CH2CH2)u-(OCH2CH2)v-. Wherein r and s are each an integer from 1 to 22 and the sum of r + s It is particularly preferred that W is a C1-14 straight-chain alkylene group, especially
14

ethylene, propylene, butylene, pentylene, hexylene, heptylene, octylene, nonylene, decylene, undecylene, or dodecylene; or 1,4-phenylene, 1,4-naphthylene, 1,5-naphthylene or 2,6-naphthylene, which are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl, methoxy, acyl or -CO-O-CH3
It is preferred that X1, X2 and U when linked to 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene each independently represent a single covalent bond, -CO-0-, -O-CO-, -CH2-O-, -O-CH2-, -NE-, -CH2-NE-, -NE-CH2-, -N=CR-, -CR=N-, -NR-CO- or -CO-NR-, and more preferably a single covalent bond, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -CH2-0-, -O-CH2-, -NR- or -CH2-NR-, -NR-CH2-, -NR-CO- or -CO-NR-, wherein E and R have the meaning given above.
It is preferred that X1, X2 and U when linked to a group of formula b), c) or e) each independently represent a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2-, -0-CH2--(iv), -NE-CH2-(|V), -CH=CH-, -0~CH2-CH2-CH2-(iv) or -NE-CH2-CH2-CH2--H more preferably a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2-, -O-CH2 -H -NR-CH2--H -CH=CH-, and most preferably a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2- or -0-CH2-('v), wherein E and R have the meaning given above and the broken lines (iv) symbolize the linkage to the groups of formula b), c) or e).
It is preferred that X1, X2 and U when linked to a group of formula f) or g) each independently represent-CH2-, -CO-, -CH2-CH2-CH2-, -0-CH2-CH2-(iv), -NE-CH2-CH2-(iv), -CH=CH-CH2-H -OCO-CH2-('v) or- CH2-OCO-H and more preferably -CH2- or -CO-, wherein E has the meaning given above and the broken lines (iv) symbolize the linkage to the groups of formula f) or g).
It is preferred that L when linked to two groups of formula d) represents a radical of formula h) to j) shown below,





15

which are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl, methoxy, acyl or -CO-O-CH3 and more preferably a radical of formula i), which is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by methyl.
It is preferred that Ar1 and Ar2 independently of each other are 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene, which are unsubstituted, mono-or disubstituted by fluorine, chlorine, -OCH3 or -CH3, with the proviso that at least one of Ar1 or Ar2 is optionally substituted 1,4-naphthylene if G1 and G2 are optionally substituted 1,4-phenylene.
It is especially preferred that Ar1 and Ar2 independently of each other are 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine or -CH3 or unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene, with the proviso that at least one of Ar1 or Ar2 is unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene if G1 and G2 are optionally substituted 1,4-phenylene.
It is preferred that G1 and G 2 independently of each other are 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene, which are unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by fluorine, chlorine, -OCH3 or-CH3, preferably 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine or-CH3 or unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene;
or a group of formula b), c), d) and e), preferably a group of formula b), c) and d), which are unsubstituted and wherein the broken lines (i) symbolize the linkage to the azo-binding group and R, E have the meaning given above and with the proviso that G1 does not represent a group of formula d)
16


or a group of formula f) and g), which is unsubstituted and wherein the broken lines (i) symbolize the linkage to the azo-binding group and R represents hydrogen or lower alkyl

It is especially preferred that G1 and G2 independently of each other are 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene, which are unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by fluorine, chlorine, -OCH3 or -CH3, preferably 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine or -CH3 or unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene;
or a group of formula b), c), d) and e), preferably a group of formula b), c) and d), which are unsubstituted and wherein the broken lines (i) symbolize the linkage to the azo-binding group and R, E have the meaning given above and with the proviso that G1 does riot represent a group of formula d)



0)

c),


e).
A further preferred embodiment of the present invention are polymerizable dichroic azo dyes according to the general formula I:

17


wherein:
is a dichroic residue of general formulae IV:

(Hi)

U-G1-N=N-(-Ar1-N=N-)q1-(-Ar2-N=N-)q2-G2-
IV

wherein the broken line (iii) symbolizes the linkage to the group B and wherein
G1 and G2 independently of each other represent 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine or -CH3 or unsubstituted 1,4-naphthytene; or a group of formula b), c) and d)

wherein the broken lines (i) symbolize the linkage to the azo-binding group;
and wherein
R independently represents hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl or isopropyl;
E independently represents hydrogen, methyl or acetyl;
and with the proviso that G1 does not represent a group of formula d);
18

Ar1, Ar2 are independently of each other 1,4-phenylene, which isunsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine or -CH3 or unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene, with the proviso that at least one of Ar1 or Ar2 is unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene if G1 and G2 are optionally substituted 1,4-phenylene;
q1, q2 independently are 0 or 1, with the proviso that the sum of the integers q1 +q2is0or1;
U when linked to 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene represents a single covalent bond, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -CH2-O-, -O-CH2-, -NR- or-CH2-NR-, -NR-CH2-, -NR-CO- or -CO-NR-, wherein E and R have the meaning given above, or when linked to a group of formula b) or c) represents a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2- or -O-CH2•• (iv), wherein E and R have the meaning given above and the broken lines (iv) symbolize the linkage to the groups of formula b) or c).

B

represents a group of substructure II









wherein the broken line (ii) symbolizes the linkage to the azo-chromophore A and wherein:
D1 and D2 independently of each other represent 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl, methoxy, acyl or -CO-O-CH3;
m1, m2 are independently of each other 0 or 1;
Z1 and Z2 independently of each other represent a single covalent bond,
19

-0-, -C0-0-, -0-C0-, -CH2-0- or -O-CH2-;
PG represents CH2=CY-COO-, CH2=CH-0-, CH2=CH-OOC-,








wherein Y. is hydrogen or methyl;

Sp represents a single bond, ethylene, propylene, butylene, pentylene,
hexylene, heptylene, octylene, nonylene, decylene, undecylene, or dodecylene;
L when linked to two groups of formula d) represents a radical of formula i)
which is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by methyl




or represents a group of substructure III





wherein:
X1 and X2 when linked to 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene each independently of each other represent a single covalent bond, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -CH2-O-, -O-CH2-, -NR- or -CH2-NR-, -NR-CH2-, -NR-CO- or -CO-NR-, wherein E and R have the meaning given above, or when linked to a group of formula b) or c) each independently of each other represent a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2- or -O-CH2—(|V), wherein E and R have the meaning given above and the broken lines (iv) symbolize the linkage to the groups of formula b) or c). Also here, of course, if n=0 and X1 as well as
20

X2 are given as single covalent bond, the whole linker L is a single covalent
bond.
W represents ethylene, propylene, butylene, pentylene, hexylene, heptylene,
octylene, nonylene, decylene, undecylene, or dodecylene; or 1,4-phenylene,
1,4-naphthylene, 1,5-naphthylene or 2,6-naphthylene, which are unsubstituted,
mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl, methoxy, acyl or -
CO-O-CH3;
n is O or l
The polymerizable dichroic azo dyes of the invention, also hereinafter called dyes of the present invention, may readily be prepared using methods well known to the person skilled in the art, such as those documented in Houben-Weyl, Methoden der Organischen Chemie, Thieme-Verlag, Stuttgart.
A further aspect of the present invention also relates to mesogenic polymerizable mixtures comprising at least one polymerizable dichroic azo dye of formula (I). For the preparation of such mixtures, hereinafter also called mixtures of the invention, which may further be used for the preparation of dichroic polymer networks and gels, such as unstructured and structured polarizers, the dyes according to the present invention may be used singly. Alternatively, two or more of the dyes of the invention may also be used in combination. The number of dyes of the invention of formula I present in the prevailing . host may depend mainly on the spectral working range of the polymer and on the solubility of the dyes. Colored polarizers, which are absorbing in a selective spectral range, may preferably be achieved by the presence of one or two dyes in the host. Black polarizers, selectively absorbing in the whole visible range, may preferably be achieved by the presence of three or more dyes.
Typically, the total content of the polymerizable dichroic azo dye of formula I according to the invention in the respective host, such as the mixtures of the invention, may depend on different factors such as solubility in the host and absorption ability (extinction) of the dyes involved. Preferred dye concentrations may be in the range of 0.01 to 50 %wt, more preferably from 0.01 to 20 %wt, most preferably from 0.01 to 10 %wt.
21

In a further embodiment the mixtures of the invention may comprise in addition another dichroic or non-dichroic dye, which resulting mixture may be used as a dichroic dye of a desired color hue. No limitation is imposed in this context.
In a further embodiment the mesogenic, polymerizable mixtures comprising at least one polymerizable dichroic azo dye of this invention further comprise at least one polymerizable liquid crystalline compound (LCP). Polymerizable liquid crystalline compounds are well known to the skilled person and are described e.g. in EP 0331233, WO 95/24454, US 5,567,349, US 5,650,534, WO 00/04110, WO 00/07975, WO 00/48985, WO 00/55110 and WO 00/63154. For the adjustment of mesomorphic properties and suppression of crystallization, mixtures of two or more LCP components may also be used. The addition of isotropic compounds comprising two or more polymerizable groups, so called crosslinkers, may also be possible. Furthermore well known additives such as e.g. phenol derivatives for stabilization and photoinitiators such as e.g. Irgacure® may also be present in the mixture.
Thus, preferred mixtures of the invention comprise at least one polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to the general formula I and at least one polymerizable liquid crystalline compound and optionally additives, such as crosslinkers, stabilizers and photoinitiators.
Particularly preferred are mixtures of the invention comprising one to four polymerizable dichroic azo dyes of formula I and at least one polymerizable liquid crystalline compound comprising two polymerizable groups and optionally additives such as crosslinkers, stabilizers and photoinitiators.
The dichroic azo dyes according to the invention are also of value in the manufacture of dyed cholesteric layers. When added to a cholesteric mixture the dichroic azo dyes according to the invention are able to contribute to the enhancement of special color effects and therefore their further use in the formation of dyed cholesteric devices is an additional and valuable asset.
22

Thus in a preferred embodiment, mixtures of the invention as described hereinabove may further comprise either (i) at least one chiral polymerizable liquid crystalline compound or (ii) at least one chiral component, to induce a cholesteric phase for the creation of dyed cholesteric layers.
The mesogenic, polymerizable mixtures according to the present invention may further be used in the formation of dichroic polymer networks and gels. Dichroic polymer networks [hereinafter also called dichroic liquid crystalline polymer films (LCP films)] have been found to be of particular use and, thus, a further aspect the invention provides dichroic films comprising mesogenic polymerizable mixtures according to the present invention.
Such LCP films may readily be prepared by UV or thermal polymerization of the mixtures of the present invention. A film comprising a mixture according to the present invention is formed on a substrate, for example, by first preparing a solution by dissolving the mixture in a solvent, which is subsequently applied to a support by different coating techniques, such as spin-coating, meniscus-coating, wire-coating, slot-coating, offset-printing, flexo-printing, gravure-printing and inkjet-printing. After evaporation of the solvent, the resulting film is polymerized using UV light to give a cross-linked dichroic liquid crystalline polymer film of various thicknesses, preferably of 5 to 10 micrometer thickness, but also thicker films are possible. If required, such films may further be coated with other layers, such as e.g. protective layers for protection against oxygen, UV irradiation or mechanical stress. Such films may be used in the manufacture of devices such as polarizers or optical filters.
Examples of substrates used in the preparation of dichroic LCP films may include transparent substrates, such as glass or plastic, including an orientation layer, which is able to induce a uniform orientation to the mixture. Such orientation layers may include rubbed polyimide, or polyamide or preferably layers of photo-orientable materials. A well-suited kind of photo-orientable orientation layers are Linearly Photo-Polymerizable Polymers (LPPs), also sometimes referred to as Photo-Oriented Polymer Networks (PPN). Backgrounds and manufacturing of such orientation layers are disclosed in, for example, US 5,389,698, US 5,838,407, US 5,602,661, US 6,160,597, US 6,144,428, US 6,300,991 all of the applicant. Using LPP layers, segments (pixels) of locally varying orientation may be formed. Thus, not only uniformly aligned dichroic LCP layers but also
23

structured complex orientation patterns within the dichroic LCP layers may be produced. Furthermore multilayer systems formed from stacks of alternating LPP and LCP layers, wherein at least one of the LCP layers is a dichroic LCP layer are feasible. Such layers or stack of layers may additionally be covered by other well known functional layers, such as, e.g. protection layers against oxygen or humidity or layers for protection against ultraviolet radiation.
Recently it has been shown, e.g. in WO 99/64924, that photo-orienting materials like LPPs may also be able to orient liquid crystalline compounds, such as LCPs, if they are admixed to the mixture to be oriented prior to illumination with polarized light. In this way, orientation layers and LCP layers need not be formed separately. Thus, an analogous preparation of a dichroic LCP film using a mixture of the invention, which in addition contains a photo-orientable material, is also be possible.
The dichroic mixtures and films of the present invention may be used to prepare electro-optical and optical devices including security devices. A further aspect of the invention therefore provides an electro-optical or optical component or a security device comprising a dichroic liquid crystalline polymer film formed from a mixture of the invention. Examples of optical or electro-optical components may include structured or unstructured optical filters, polarizers, etc. Security or authentication devices may for instance be used to safeguard banknotes, credit cards, securities, identity cards and the like against forgery and copying.
In another aspect, the invention provides an orientation layer containing at least one
polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to formula I. Such orientation layers, which are
able to induce a uniform orientation to a liquid crystalline mixture, may include rubbed
polyimide, or polyamide or preferably photo-orientable materials. For instance orientation
layers containing photo-orientable materials may readily be achieved by:
(i) preparing a solution of a mixture comprising at least one polymerizable
dichroic azo dye of formula I and at least one photoorientable material in a
solvent,
(ii) applying the solution on a substrate using different coating techniques,
(iii) evaporating the solvent to obtain a film, and
24

(iv) polymerizing said film using linearly polarized UV light to give said orientation
layer comprising at least one polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to formula I.
Such dyed orientation layers can be used in the manufacture of optical or electro-optical
components, which may include structured or unstructured optical filters, polarizers or
elements of security devices.
The following non-limiting examples further describe the present invention. Variations on these falling within the scope of the invention will be apparent to a person skilled in the art.
Following abbreviations are used:
DMAP 4-Dimethylaminopyridine
DMF N,N-Dimethylformamide
THF Tetrahydrofuran
For legibility reasons some of the molecular structures displayed hereinafter are graphically split into two parts. The intersected parts are connected via a single bond:

FFff

25

EXAMPLE 1
Preparation of 4-r((4-r(a-f4-((a-r4-((4-f(a-(4-f(a-f4-((4-r(4-(f6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxv)benzoyl)oxy]benzyl)amino)-1-naphthyridiazenyl)-1-naphthvndiazenvl1benzovlloxv)phenyl]diazenyl}-1 -naphthyl)diazenvn-1 –naphthvl}amino)methvnphenvl4-{f6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxv)benzoate:

1) 4-nitrophenyl 4-nitrobenzoate
8.77 g of 4-nitrobenzoic acid (52.5 mM) were dissolved in 400 ml of THF and 53.1 g of triethylamine (525.0 mM). The solution was cooled to -30 °C and 6.01 g of methansulfochloride (52.5 mM) were added dropwise. The mixture was stirred for 1 h at this temperature, then 6.95 g of 4-nitrophenol (50.0 mM) were added at once, followed by 250 mg of DMAP. The reaction mixture was stirred for 1 h at -30 °C and was allowed to warm to room temperature while stirred overnight. The next day, the reaction mixture was filtered, the cake was washed with THF and the filtrate was evaporated to dryness. The
26

residue was purified by chromatography using silica gel and dichloromethane to give 11.0 g (38.2 mM, 76 %) of 4-nitrophenyl 4-nitrobenzoate as white crystals.
2) 4-aminophenyl 4:aminobenzoate
11.0 g of 4-nitrophenyl 4-nitrobenzoate (38.2 mM) were dissolved in 350 ml of ethyl acetate and 1.0 g of palladium on charcoal (10%) was added. The resulting mixture was hydrogenated at atmospheric pressure until the theoretical amount of hydrogen was consumed. The mixture was then filtered, the cake was washed with ethyl acetate and the filtrate was evaporated to dryness to give 8.71 g (38.2 mM, 99 %) of 4-aminophenyl 4-aminobenzoate as slightly beige crystals.
3) 4-{(E)-(4-amino-1-naphthyl)diazenyl]phenyl4-[(E)-(4-amino-1-naphthyl)diazenyl]benzoate

4.56 g of 4-aminophenyl 4-aminobenzoate (20.0 mM) were suspended in 140 ml of water and 25 ml of hydrochloric acid 37 %. The suspension was cooled to 3 °C and a solution of 2.83 g of sodium nitrite (41.0 mM) in 10 ml of water was added dropwise. When the addition was complete, the mixture was stirred for 1 h at 3CC, then the excess of nitrite was destroyed by addition of ca. 0.5 g of amidosulfonic acid and the mixture was stirred for further 10 min. This diazo-solution was added to a solution of 5.73 g of 1-
27

naphthylamine (40.0 mM) in 40 ml of ethanol at 5-10°C. When addition was complete, the coupling mixture was stirred for 1 h at 3 °C, then 37.0 g of potassium acetate were added and stirring was continued for 0.5 h. The pH of this mixture was then adjusted to pH = 7 by addition of ammonia solution 26 %. The mixture was poured onto 800 ml of ice-water and the dark precipitate was filtered off, washed with water and dried to give 17.60 g of dark crystals. These crystals were boiled for 1 h in 150 ml of methanol, the formed suspension was cooled to room temperature and the solid was filtered off, washed with methanol and dried to give 6.60 g (12.3 mM, 61 %) of 4-[(£)-(4-amino-1-naphthyl)diazenyl]phenyl 4-[(£)-(4-amino-1-naphthyl)diazenyl]benzoate as dark crystals.
4. 4-{(£)-[4-((£)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1 -naphthyl}diazenyl)-1 -naphthyl]diazenyl}phenyl4-{(£)-[4-((E)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1-naphthyl}diazenyl)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}benzoate

.1.17 g of 4-[(£)-(4-amino-1-naphthyl)diazenyl]phenyl 4-[(£)-(4-amino-1-naphthyl)diazenyl]benzoate (2.18 mM) were dissolved in 10 ml of pyridine and 60 ml of glacial acetic acid. The solution was cooled to 5 °C and a solution of 0.31 g of sodium nitrite (4.40 mM) in 5 ml of water was added dropwise. When the addition was complete, the mixture was stirred for 1 h at 5 °C, then the excess of nitrite was destroyed by addition of ca. 30 mg of amidosulfonic acid and the mixture was stirred for further 5 min. To this solution was added a solution of 1.09 g of 4-[(1-naphthylamino)methyl]phenol (4.40 mM) in 10 ml of DMF at 5 °C. When addition was
28

complete, the coupling mixture was stirred for 0.5 h at 5 °C, then 0.5 h at 10-15°C. The reaction mixture was poured onto icewater and the dark precipitate was filtered off and dried to give 2.40 g of a black solid. This solid was dissolved in 25 ml of THF and to this solution were added dropwise 50 ml of methanol at room temperature. When addition was complete, the resulting suspension was stirred for 20 min. and then the solids were filtered off, washed with methanol and dried to give 0.97 g (0.92 mM, 42 %) of 4-{(E)-[4-((£)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1-naphthyl}diazenyl)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}phenyl4-{(E)-[4-((E)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1-naphthyl}diazenyl)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}benzoate as a black powder.
5) 4-[({4-[(£)-(4-{(£)-[4-({4-[(E)-(4-{(£)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-
(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}-1-naphthyl)diazenyl]benzoyl}oxy)phenyl]diazenyl}-1 -naphthyl)diazenyl]-1 -naphthyl}amino)methyl]phenyl4-{[6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoate

0.61 g of 4-{t6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyi]oxy}benzoic acid (2.0 mM) were dissolved in 30 ml 3f THF and 2.02 g of triethylamine (20.0 mM). The solution was cooled to -30 °C and D.23 g of methansulfochloride (2.0 mM) were added dropwise. The mixture was stirred for t h during which the temperature was allowed to rise to -10 °C. At this temperature, j.85 g of 4-{(£)-[4-((£)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1 -naphthyl}diazenyl)-1-iaphthyl]diazenyl}phenyl4-{(£)-[4-((£)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1-naphthyl}diazenyl)-|-naphthyl]diazenyl}benzoate (0.8 mM) were added at once, followed by 10 mg of DMAP. "he reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature while stirred overnight, "he next day, the mixture was filtered through a pad of celite filter aid and evaporated to
29

dryness. The residue was dissolved in 30 ml of THF and to this solution were added dropwise 25 ml of methanol at room temperature. When addition was complete, the resulting suspension was stirred for 1 h and then the solids were filtered off, washed with methanol and dried to give 0.70 g (0.43 mM, 54 %) of 4-[({4-[(E)-(4-{(£)-[4-({4-[(£)-(4-{(£)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}-1-naphthyl)diazenyl]benzoyl}oxy)phenyl]diazenyl}-1-naphthyl)diazenyl]-1-naphthyl}amino)methyl]phenyl 4-{[6-methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoate as a black
powder, 2max =574 nm, 8 = 83000 (THF).


30

EXAMPLE 2
Preparation of 5-f(4-((a-f4-f(4-ff4-ff6-
1) 5-[(4-nitrobenzoyl)oxy]-1 -naphthyl 4-nitrobenzoate
(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxv}benzoyl)oxv]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthvndiazenvl}benzoyl)oxv1-1 -naphthyl 4-((£)-r4-((4-f(4-(f6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyloxy}benzoyl)oXy1benzvl)amino)-1 –naphthyl]diazenyl-benzoate:


8.0 g of 1,5-dihydroxynaphtalene (50.0 mM) were dissolved in 150 ml of pyridine and the solution was cooled to 0 °C. At this temperature were added portionwise 27.8 g of 4-nitrobenzoylchloride (150.0 mM), whereupon the temperature rose to ca. 30 °C. Then, 0.6 g of DMAP (5.0 mM) were added and the mixture was stirred overnight at 140°C bath-temperature. The next day, the reaction mixture was allowed to cool to room temperature and 500 ml of water were added and the resulting mixture was stirred for 1 h at 140°C bath-temperature. It was then cooled to room temperature and filtered. The cake was
31

washed with water and dried to give 22.2 g (48.4 mM, 97 %) of 5-[(4-nitrobenzoyl)oxy]-1-naphthyl 4-nitrobenzoate as beige crystals.
2) 5-[(4-aminobenzoyl)oxy]-1-naphthyl 4-aminobenzoate

22.2 g of 5-[(4-nitrobenzoyl)oxy]-1-naphthyl 4-nitrobenzoate (48.4 mM) were suspended in 400 ml of DMF and 2.5 g of palladium on charcoal (10%) were added. The resulting mixture was hydrogenated at atmospheric pressure until the theoretical amount of hydrogen was consumed. The mixture was then filtered, the cake was washed with DMF and the filtrate was poured onto 4 L of water. The resulting suspension was stirred for 10 min. and the solids were filtered off, washed with water and dried to give 16.0 g (40.2 mM, 83.0 %) of 5-[(4-aminobenzoyl)oxy]-1-naphthyl 4-aminobenzoate as beige crystals.
3) 5-{[4-((£)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1 -naphthyl}diazenyl)benzoyl]oxy}-1 -naphthyl 4-((£)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1-naphthyl}diazenyl)-benzoate

1.99 g of 5-[(4-aminobenzoyl)oxy]-1 -naphthyl 4-aminobenzoate (5.0 mM) were suspended in 50 ml of DMF and 3 ml of hydrochloric acid 37 %. The suspension was cooled to 3-7 °C and a solution of 0.70 g of sodium nitrite (10.1 mM) in 5 ml of water was added dropwise. When the addition was complete, the mixture was stirred for 45 min. at 3°C, then the excess of nitrite was destroyed by addition of ca. 30 mg of amidosulfonic acid and the
32

mixture stirred for further 10 min. To this mixture were added 40 ml of ice water followed by a solution of 2.49 g of 4-[(1-naphthylamino)methyl]phenol (10.0 mM) in 10 ml of DMF (dropwise) at 5-10°C. When addition was complete, the coupling mixture was stirred for 2 h at 10-20 °C, then 50 ml of water were added and stirring was continued for 10 min. The pH of this mixture was then adjusted to pH = 7 by addition of ammonia solution 26 %. The mixture was poured onto 100 ml of water and the red precipitate was filtered off, washed with water and dried to give 4.40 g (4.79 mM, 96 %) of 5-{[4-((£)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1 -naphthyl}diazenyl)benzoyl]oxy}-1 -naphthyl 4-((E)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1-naphthyl}diazenyl)-benzoate as a red powder.
3) 5-t(4-{(£)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}benzoyl)oxy]-1-naphthyl 4-{(£)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}-benzoate

1.53 g of 4-{[6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoic acid (5.0 mM) were dissolved in 50 ml of THF and 5.06 g of triethylamine (50.0 mM). The solution was cooled to -30 °C and 6.57 g of methansulfochloride (5.0 mM) were added dropwise. The mixture was stirred for 1 h during which the temperature was allowed to rise to -10 °C. At this temperature, 1.84 g of 5-{[4-((£)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1-naphthyl}diazenyl)benzoyl]oxy}-1-naphthyl 4-((£)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1-naphthyl}diazenyl)-benzoate (2.0 mM) were added at once, followed by 20 mg of DMAP. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature while stirred overnight. The next day, the mixture was filtered through a pad of celite filter aid and evaporated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in 20 ml of
33

dichloromethane and to this solution were added dropwise 20 ml of methanol at room temperature. When addition was complete, the resulting suspension was stirred for 10 min. and then the solids were filtered off, washed with methanol and dried to give 2.11 g (1.40 mM, 70 %) of 5-[(4-{(E)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-
methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}benzoyl)oxy]-1-naphthyl4-{(£)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}-benzoate as red crystals, Xmax= 495 nm, s = 66000 (THF).
EXAMPLE 3
Preparation of 6-r(4*f(EH4-({4-r(4-(f6-(vinyloxy)hexyl]oxv}benzov0oxv1benzyl}amino)-1 -
naphthyl]diazenyl]oxy]hexyl 4-((E)-[4-({4-({4[(4-{[6-
1) 6-[(4-nitrobenzoyl)oxy]hexyl 4-nitrobenzoate
(vinyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy)benzyl}amino)-1-naphthvl1diazenvl}benzoate:


33.2 g of 4-nitrobenzoic acid (200.0 mM), 24.4 g of 1,6-dibromohexane (100.0 mM) and 41.5 g of potassium carbonate (300.0 mM) were suspended in 200 ml of DMF and this
34

mixture was stirred at 120 °C for 2 h. It was then cooled to 60 °C, poured onto 600 ml of water and the resulting suspension was stirred for 5 min. The precipitate was filtered off and the still wet cake was refluxed for 1 h in 300 ml of ethanol. It was then cooled to room temperature and filtered. The cake was washed with ethanol and dried to give 40.3 g (96.8 mM, 97 %) of 6-[(4-nitrobenzoyl)oxy]hexyl 4-nitrobenzoate as a pale yellow powder.
2) 6-[(4-aminobenzoyl)oxy]hexyl 4-aminobenzoate


40.1 g 6-[(4-nitrobenzoyl)oxy]hexyl 4-nitrobenzoate (96.3 mM) were suspended in 300 ml of ethyl acetate and 300 ml of THF and 4.0 g of palladium on charcoal (10%) were added. The resulting mixture was hydrogenated at atmospheric pressure until the theoretical amount of hydrogen was consumed. The mixture was then filtered, the cake was washed with DMF and the filtrate was evaporated. The residue was suspended in 200 of cyclohexane. It was stirred for 30 min. and then the solids were filtered off, washed with cyclohexane and dried to give 33.2 g (93.1 mM, 97 %) of 6-[(4-aminobenzoyl)oxy]hexyl 4-aminobenzoate as beige crystals.
3) 6-{[4-((E)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1 -naphthyl}diazenyl)benzoyl]oxy}hexyl 4-((E)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1 -naphthyl}diazenyl)-benzoate



O ^^ N

1.78 g of 6-[(4-aminobenzoyl)oxy]hexyl 4-aminobenzoate (5.0 mM) were suspended in 25 ml of DMF and 3 ml of hydrochloric acid 37 %. The suspension was cooled to 3-7 °C and a solution of 0.70 g of sodium nitrite (10.1 mM) in 5 ml of water was added dropwise. When the addition was complete, the mixture was stirred for 45 min. at 3°C, then the excess of nitrite was destroyed by addition of ca. 30 mg of amidosulfonic acid
35

and the mixture stirred for further 10 min. To this mixture were added 40 ml of ice water followed by a solution of 2.49 g of 4-[(1-naphthylamino)methyl]phenol (10.0 mM) in 10 ml of DMF (dropwise) at 5-10°C. When addition was complete, the coupling mixture was stirred for 2 h at 10-20 °C, then 50 ml of water were added and stirring was continued for 10 min. The pH of this mixture was then adjusted to pH = 7 by addition of ammonia solution 26 %. The mixture was poured onto 100 ml of water and the red precipitate was filtered off, washed with water and dried to give 4.40 g (5.0 mM, 100 %) of 6-{[4-((E)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1 -naphthyl}diazenyl)benzoyl]oxy}hexyl 4-((E)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1-naphthyl}diazenyl)-benzoate as a red powder.
4) 6-[(4-{(E)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-(vinyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}benzoyl)oxy]hexyl4-{(£)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-(vinyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}benzoate

0.66 g of 4-{[6-(vinyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoic acid (2.5 mM) were dissolved in 25 ml of THF and 2.53 g of triethylamine (25.0 mM). The solution was cooled to -30 °C and 0.29 g of methansulfochloride (2.5 mM) were added dropwise. The mixture was stirred for 1 h during which the temperature was allowed to rise to -10 °C. At this temperature, 0.88 g of 6-{[4-((£)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1-naphthyl}diazenyl)benzoyl]oxy}hexyl4-((£)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1 -naphthyl}diazenyl)-benzoate (1.0 mM) were added at once, followed by 10 mg of DMAP. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room
36

temperature while stirred overnight. The next day, the mixture was filtered through a pad of celite filter aid and evaporated to dryness. The residue was dissolved in 15 ml of THF and to this solution were added dropwise 25 ml of methanol at room temperature. When addition was complete, the resulting suspension was stirred for 30 min. at room temperature and then the solids were filtered off, washed with methanol and dried to give 0.75 g (0.55 mM, 55 %) of 6-[(4-{(£)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-
(vinyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}benzoyl)oxy]hexyl4-{(£)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-(vinyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyI}benzoate as red crystals, A.rnax= 478 nm, s = 62000 (THF).
37

EXAMPLE 4
Preparation of 4-rf(4-r(B-(4'-((a-f4-((4-r(4-(r6-
(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxv)benzoyl)oxv1benzvl)aminoV1-naphthvl1diazenvl)-3,3'-dimethvl-1.1'-biphenvl-4-vndiazenvll-1-naphthvl)amino)methvll-phenvl4-(f6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxv}benzoate:


1) 4-{[(4-{(E)-[4,-((E)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1 -naphthyl}diazenyl)-3,3'-dimethyl-1,1 '-biphenyl-4-yl]diazenyl}-1 -naphthyl)amino]methyl}-phenol

51.5 g of o-tolidine (200.0 mM) were suspended in 400 ml of water and stirred heavily until a fine suspension resulted. To this suspension were added 100 ml of hydrochloric acid 37%. The suspension was cooled to 5° C and at this temperature was added a solution of 29.0 g sodium nitrite (420.0 mM) in 100 ml of water within 1h. When the
38

addition was complete, the mixture was stirred, for 1.5 h at this temperature, then the excess of nitrite was destroyed by addition of approx. 2 g of urea and the mixture was stirred for further 10 min. This solution was added to a cooled solution of 99.7 g of 4-[(1-naphthylamino)rnethyl]phenol (400.0 mM) in 400 ml of DMF within 30 min. at 5-10°C. During addition of the tetrazonium-solution approx. 300 g of ice were added in order to maintain the temperature at 5-10°C. When addition of the tetrazonium-solution was complete, a solution of 39.25 g of potassium acetate (400.0 mM) in 40 ml of water was added dropwise and the coupling mixture was then stirred for 2 h at 5°C. Then, 1200 ml of a diluted ammonia-solution (80ml of ammonia solution 26% and 1120 ml of water) were added dropwise at 5-10°C, which gave pH = 8-9. The pH was then adjusted to 7 by addition of a small amount of glacial acetic acid. The resulting solids were filtered off and the wet cake was washed twice with each 150 ml of water. The still wet cake was treated with 1000 ml of methanol. This suspension was refluxed for 1h, cooled to room temperature and filtered. The cake was washed with 200 ml of methanol and dried to give 164.2 g (224.0 mM; 112% (contains salts)) of 4-{[(4-{(E)-[4'-((E)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1 -naphthyl}diazenyl)-3,3'-dimethyl-1,1 '-biphenyl-4-yl]diazenyl}-1 -naphthyl)amino]methyl}-phenol as a red powder.
39

2) 4-[({4-[(E)-(4'-{(E)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-
(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}ben2oyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}-3,3'-dimethyl-1,1 '-biphenyl-4-yl)diazenyl]-1 -naphthyl}amino)methyl]-phenyl 4-{[6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoate

1.46 g of 4-{[6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoic acid (4.75 mM) were dissolved in 30 ml of THF and 4.81 g of triethylamine (47.5 mM). The solution was cooled to -30 °C and 0.54 g of methansulfochloride (4.75 mM) were added dropwise. The mixture was stirred for 1 h during which the temperature was allowed to rise to -10 °C. At this temperature, 1.39 g of 4-{[(4-{(£)-[4'-((E)-{4-[(4-hydroxybenzyl)amino]-1-naphthyl}diazenyl)-3,3'-dimethyl-1,1'-biphenyl-4-yl]diazenyl}-1-naphthyl)amino]methyl}-phenol (1.90 mM) were added at once, followed by 20 mg of DMAP. The reaction mixture was allowed to warm to room temperature while stirred overnight. The next day, the mixture was filtered through a pad of celite filter aid and evaporated to dryness. The residue was suspended in 20 ml of acetone and 10 ml of THF and to this suspension were added dropwise 20 ml of methanol at 0-5 °C. When addition was complete, the resulting suspension was stirred for 30 min. at 40°C and then the solids were filtered off, washed with methanol and dried to give 1.98 g (1.51 mM, 80 %) of 4-[({4-[(£)-(4'-{(E)-[4-({4-[(4-{[6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoyl)oxy]benzyl}amino)-1-naphthyl]diazenyl}-
40

3,3'-dimethyl-1,1 '-biphenyl-4-yl)diazenyl]-1 -naphthyl}amino)methyl]-phenyl 4-{[6-(methacryloyloxy)hexyl]oxy}benzoate as a red solid, = 511 nm, 8 = 70000 (THF).
EXAMPLES 5-13
The structural formulae and UV-data (lmax - and e-values; in THF, if not otherwise indicated) llof further dichroic dyes according to the invention, synthesized using similar methods as described in examples 1-4, will hereinafter be given.
EXAMPLE 5




41
EXAMPLES FOR THE PREPARATION OF DICHROIC MIXTURES
The order parameters shown hereinafter in the examples 18-22 are each obtained by dissolving a dichroic dye in a LCP mixture M|_CP- The mixture MLCP was composed of 99 weight % of the LCP monomer 10-[(4'-cyano-1,1'-biphenyl-4-yl)oxy]decyl 2,5-bis-[4-(6-acryloyloxyhexyloxy) benzoyloxy]benzoate (described in WO 00/551100, method of manufacture similar to Example 1) and 1 weight % of Tinuvin 123 (Ciba).
To this mixture MLCP were added 2 weight % of the photo initiator IRGARCURE369 (Ciba) and the below given amount of the respective dichroic dye to give the mixture MLCP/DYE-
EXAMPLES FOR THE PREPARATION OF DICHROIC LCP FILMS
Samples of dichroic LCP films were prepared, whereby each sample comprised an alignment layer and a dichroic liquid crystalline polymer layer. The alignment layers were made using the linearly photo-polymerizable aligning (LPP) technique. The preparation of the samples is described in the following.
Suitable LPP materials for the production of an LPP orientation layer are, for example, described in patent publications EP 0 611 786, WO 96/10049 and EP 0 763 552, and include cinnamic acid derivatives and ferulic acid derivatives. For the examples, the following LPP material was chosen:
+
—o
A 2 % solution of this LPP material in methylpropylketone (MPK) as a solvent was spin-coated at 2000 rpm for 60 seconds at room temperature (20 °C). The layer was then dried
50

for 5 to 10 minutes at 130 to 150 °C on a hot stage. Subsequently, the layer was exposed to linearly polarized light from a mercury high-pressure lamp for 10 to 550 seconds (depending on the strength of the lamp and on the characteristics of LPP and dichroic LCP layers) at room temperature. The layer was then used as an orientation layer for a liquid crystalline material comprising dichroic dyes.
For the production of the dichroic LCP layers, the mixtures MLCP/DYE were dissolved in anisole to give a 20 wt% solution. These LCP mixtures were then spin-coated at 800 rpm for 60 seconds on top of the photo-exposed LPP layers. The spin-coated dichroic LCP layers were then dried at 95 °C for approximately 5 minutes on a hot stage. For photo-initiated cross-linking of the liquid crystalline and dye components, the layers were exposed to isotropic light from a xenon lamp for about 5 minutes (depending on the strength of the lamp) in an inert atmosphere.
Using the procedure described above, five different examples, Examples 18-22, of photo-aligned dichroic LCP layers on glass substrates were prepared and their order parameter S measured at the indicated wavelength.
51

EXAMPLES OF ORDER PARAMETERS
EXAMPLE 18
For this example, 4 weight % of the dichroic dye of Example 5

in the mixture MLCP/DYE was used.
The result for the order parameter S measured at the wavelength lmax = 597 nm was: S = 0.84.
52

EXAMPLE 19
For this example, 4 weight % of the dichroic dye of Example 1


in the mixture MLCP/DYE was used.
The result for the order parameter S measured at the wavelength lmax = 595 nm was: S = 0.86.
53

EXAMPLE 20
For this example, 4 weight % of the dichroic dye of Example 2

in the mixture MLCP/DYE was used.
The result for the order parameter S measured at the wavelength lmax = 514 nm was: S = 0.85.
54

EXAMPLE 21
For this example, 4 weight % of the dichroic dye of Example 3

in the mixture MLCP/DYE was used.
The result for the .order parameter S measured at the wavelength lmax = 502 nm was: S = 0.81.
55

EXAMPLE 22
For this example, 4 weight % of the dichroic dye of Example 6

in the mixture MLCP/DYE was used.
The result for the order parameter S measured at the wavelength lmax = 501 nm was: S = 0.82.
56

WE CLAIM
A polymerizable dichroic azo dye of the general formula I

PG—Sp—


B AAzo-chromophore AAzo-chromophore B
L Linker




wherein:

represents a dichroic residue, exhibiting at least partial absorption in the visible region between 400 nanometer and 800 nanometer and comprising at least one azo-binding group that is linked to at least one radical of formula a) to g) shown below,


which radical of formula a) to g) may be unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, hydroxy, -NR1 R2 or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2
57

groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-0-, -0-CO-, -NR1-CO-, -CO-NR1-, -NR1-CO-0-, -O-CO-NR1-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -0-CO-0-, wherein R1 and R2 independently represent hydrogen or lower alkyl, wherein the broken lines (i) symbolize the possible linkages to the azo-binding group and wherein:
R represents hydrogen or lower alkyl;
E each independently represents hydrogen, lower alkyl, lower acyl or a
polymerizable group selected from acryloyl or methacryloyl;

B

represents a group of substructure II



wherein the broken line (ii) symbolizes the linkage to the azo-chromophore A and wherein
D1, D2 each independently represents an aromatic or alicyclic group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, chlorine, cyano, nitro, or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by Q, whereby Q represents -0-, -CO-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -Si(CH3)2-0-Si(CH3)2-, -NR-, -NR-CO-, -CO-NR-, -NR-CO-O-, -O-CO-NR-, -NR-CO-NR-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -O-CO-O- and R has the meaning given above;
Z1, Z2 each independently represents a single covalent bond or a spacer unit, such as a straight-chain or branched alkylene residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted by cyano or halogeno, or
58

•poly-substituted by halogeno, having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by Q or -CR=C-CO-, wherein Q and R have the meaning given above;
m1, rn2 independently are 0 or 1;
Sp represents a single covalent bond or a spacer unit, such as a straight-chain or branched alkylene residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted by cyano or halogeno, or poly-substituted by halogeno, having 1 to 24 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by Q, wherein Q has the meaning given above;
represents a group of substructure III
-X1-(W)n-X2-
III
wherein:
X1. X2 each independently represents a single covalent bond or a spacer unit, such as a straight-chain or branched alkylene residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted by cyano or halogeno, or poly-substituted by halogeno, having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -Si(CH3)2-0-Si(CH3)2-, -NE-, -NR-CO-, -CO-NR-, -NR-CO-O-, -O-CO-NR-, -NR-CO-NR-, -CH=CH-, -N=CR-, -CR=N-, -C=C-, -O-CO-O- or -CR=C-CO-, wherein R and E have the meaning given above;
W represents a spacer unit, such as a straight-chain or branched alkylene
residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted by cyano or halogeno, or poly-substituted by halogeno, having 1 to 24 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be
59

replaced by Q, wherein Q has the meaning given above and wherein heteroatoms are not directly linked to each other, or an aromatic or alicyclic group, which is unsubstituted or substituted by fluorine, chlorine, cyano, nitro, or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-1.0 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by Q, wherein Q has the meaning given above, and
n is 0 or 1
or, if two radicals of formula d) are attached to L, L represents a radical of formula h) to j) shown below,



which radical of formula h) to j) may be unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, hydroxy, -NR1 R2 or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -NR1-CO-, -CO-NR1-, -NR1-CO-O-, -O-CO-NR1-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -O-CO-O-, wherein R1 and R2 independently represent hydrogen or lower alkyl;
PG represents a polymerizable group.
2. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 1, wherein A comprises at least one azo-binding group that is linked to at least one radical of formula a), b), c), d) or g) which radical of formula a) to d) or g) may be unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by chlorine, or by a -CH3 and wherein in the radical of formula b) or g) R represents
60

hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl or isopropyl and in the radicals b)-d) E each independently represents hydrogen, methyl or acetyl.
3. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 2, wherein A is a dichroic residue of general formula IV:
(iii) •U-G1-N=N-(Ar1-N=N-)q1-G2-
IV
wherein the broken line (iii) symbolizes the linkage to the group B and
wherein
G1 and G2 independently of each other represent 1,4-phenylene, which is
unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine or -CH3 or a group of formula a), b), c) or d), with the proviso that G1 does not represent a group of formula d);
Ar1 is 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine
or-CH3j or unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene, with the proviso that Ar1 is unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene if G1 and G2 are optionally substituted 1,4-phenylene;
q1 is O or 1
U when linked to 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene represents a single
covalent bond, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -CH2-0-, -0-CH2-, -NR- or -CH2-NR-, -NR-GH2-, -NR-CO- or -CO-NR-, wherein E and R have the meaning given above, or wherein U when linked to a group of formula b) or c) represents a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2- or -0-CH2--('v), wherein E and R have the meaning given above and the broken lines (iv) symbolize the linkage to the groups of formula b) or c).
4. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 3, wherein
D1 and D2 independently of each other represent 1,4-phenylene, which is
unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl,
methoxy, acyl or -CO-O-CH3;
61

are independently of each other 0 or 1;
independently of each other represent a single covalent bond, -0-, -CO-0-,
-0-CO-, -CH2-O- or -O-CH2-.
5 A polymerizabie dichroic azo dye according to claim 4, wherein represents CH2=CY-COO-, CH2=CH-0-, CH2=CH-OOC-,


wherein Y is hydrogen or methyl.
6 A polymerizabie dichroic azo dye according to claim 5, wherein
Sp represents a single bond, ethylene, propylene, butylene, pentylene, hexylene, heptylene, octylene, nonylene, decylene, undecylene, or dodecylene.
7 A polymerizabie dichroic azo dye according to claim 6, wherein
L when linked to two groups of formula d) represents a radical of formula i), which
is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by methyl
or represents a group of substructure III, wherein
X1 and X2 when linked to 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene each
independently of each other represent a single covalent bond, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -CH2-O-, -O-CH2-, -NR- or-CH2-NR-, -NR-CH2-, -NR-CO- or -CO-NR-, wherein E and R have the meaning given above, or
when linked to a group of formula b) or c) each independently of each other represent a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2- or -0-CH2"-('v), wherein E and R have the meaning given above and the broken lines (iv) symbolize the linkage to the groups of formula b) or c);
62

W represents ethylene, propylene, butylene, pentylene, hexylene,
heptylene, octyiene, nonylene, decylene, undecylene, or dodecylene; or 1,4-phenylene, 1,4-naphthylene, 1,5-naphthylene or 2,6-naphthylene, which are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl, methoxy, acyl or -CO-O-CH3;
n is O or 1.
8. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 7, wherein at least one of G1 and G2 represent 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by Chlorine or -CH3.
9. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 8, wherein G2 represents 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine or -CH3
10. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 9, wherein G1 is unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene.
11. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 1, wherein the dichroic residue A is represented by formula IV:

wherein the broken line (iii) symbolizes the linkage to the group B and wherein
Ar1, Ar2 independently of each other are 1,4-phenylene, 1,4- or 1,5-naphthylene, which are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, hydroxy, -NR1 R2 or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by Q, wherein Q has the meaning
63

given above and R1 and R2 independently represent hydrogen or lower alkyl;
q1, q2 independently are 0 or 1;
G1, G2 represent independently of each other 1,4-phenylene, 2,4-thiazolene, 2,5-
thiazolene or a group of formula a1) to g)

which 1,4-phenylene, 2,4-thiazolene, 2,5-thiazolene and group of formula a1) to
g) are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, hydroxy,
-NR1R2 or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-10 carbon
atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine,
and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be
replaced by -0-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -NR1-CO-, -CO-NR1-, -NR1-CO-0-,
-O-CO-NR1-, -CH=CH-, -OC-, -O-CO-O-, wherein R1 and R2 independently
represent hydrogen or lower alkyl,
with the proviso that G1 is not a group of formula d) and
wherein the broken lines (i) symbolize the linkage to the azo-binding group and
R, E have the meaning given above;
U represents a single covalent bond or a spacer unit, such as a straight-chain or
branched alkylene residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted by cyano or halogeno, or poly-substituted by halogeno, having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, wherein
64

one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by
-0-, -CO-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -Si(CH3)2-0-Si(CH3)2-, -NE-,
-NR-CO-, -CO-NR-, -NR-CO-O-, -O-CO-NR-, -NR-CO-NR-, -N=CR-, -CR=N-,
-CH=CH-, -C=C-, -O-CO-O- or -CR=C-CO- and R and E have the meaning given
above;
with the proviso that if G1 and G2 are optionally substituted 1,4-phenylene, 2,4-thiazolene or 2,5-thiazolene at least one of Ar1 or Ar2 is optionally substituted 1,4-naphthylene.
12. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claims 1 or 11 wherein the
polymerizable groups PG are each independently selected from the formulae CH2-CY-,
CH2-CY-COO-, CH2=CH-CO-NH-, CH2=C(Ph)-CO-NH-, CH2=eH-0-, CH2=CH-OOC-,
Ph-CH=CH-, CH2=CH-Ph-, CH2=CH-Ph-0-, CH2=CH-Ph-OCO-, R3-Ph-CH=CH-COO-,
R2-OOG-CH=CH-Ph-0-, N-maleinimidyl,




wherein Y each independently represents hydrogen, chloro or methyl, R2 is hydrogen or lower alkyl, R3 is hydrogen or lower alkoxy, Ph- is phenyl and -Ph- is 1,4-phenylene.
13. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 12, wherein the
polymerizable groups PG are CH2=CY-, CH2=CY-COO-, CH2=CH-0-, CH2=CH-OOC-,
CH2=CH-Ph-Ch CH2=CH-Ph-OCO-,




wherein Y is hydrogen or methyl.
14. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 12, wherein the
polymerizable groups PG are CH2=CY-COO-, CH2=CH-0-, CH2=CH-OOC-,

65
wherein Y is hydrogen or methyl.
15. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 1 or 11 -14, wherein rings D1 and D2 independently of each other are unsubstituted, saturated five- or six-membered alicyclic rings or six- or ten-membered aromatic rings, which are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine or nitro or by a straight chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-6 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-0-, -O-CO-, -NR2-CO-, -CO-NR2-, -NR2-CO-0-, -O-CO-NR2-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-, -O-CO-O-, wherein R2 represents hydrogen or lower alkyl.
16. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 15, wherein rings D1 and D2 are unsubstituted cyclopentane-1,3-diyl, unsubstituted 1,3-dioxane-2,5-diyl, unsubstituted cyclohexane-1,4-diyl, unsubstituted naphtalene-2,6-diyl or 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine or chlorine or by a straight-chain or branched alkyl residue having 1-3 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-0-, -O-CO-, -CH=CH-, -C=C-.
17. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 15, wherein rings D1 and D2 are 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl, methoxy, acyl or -CO-O-CH3.
18. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 1 or 11 -17, wherein Sp is a single bond, or a straight-chain or branched alkylene grouping, such as -(CH2)n and also -(CH2)r -O-(CH2)s-, -(CH2)rCO-0-(CH2)s-, -(CH2)r -O-CO-(CH2)s-, -(CH2)r-NR2-CO-(CH2)s-,-(CH2)rNR2-CO-0-(CH2)s-,-(CH2CH2)u-(OCH2CH2)v-, wherein r and s are each an integer from 1 to 22 and the sum of r + s 66

19. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 18, wherein Sp is a single bond or a C1-14 straight-chain alkylene group, especially ethylene, propylene, butylene, pentylene, hexylene, heptylene, octylene, nonylene, decylene, undecylene, or dodecylene.
20. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 1 or 11-19, wherein Z1 and Z2 groups are each independently selected from a group consisting of a single covalent bond or a straight-chain or branched alkylene residue, which is unsubstituted, mono-substituted or poly-substituted by fluoro, having 1 to 8 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by -O-, -CO-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -NR2-CO-, -CO-NR2-, -NR2-CO-0-, -O-CO-NR2-, -CH=CH-, -C==C-, -O-CO-O-, -CR2=C-CO-, wherein R2 represents hydrogen or lower alkyl.
21. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 20, wherein Z1 and Z2 are each independently selected from a group consisting of a single covalent bond or a straight-chain or branched alkylene residue, having 1 to 4 carbon atoms, wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-O-, -0-CO-, -CH=CH-i -C=C-, -O-CO-O-, -CR2=C-CO-, wherein R2 represents hydrogen or lower alkyl.
22. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 20, wherein Z1 and Z2 are each independently selected from a group consisting of a single covalent bond, -0-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -CH2-O- or -O-CH2-.
23. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 1 or 11-22, wherein E represents hydrogen, methyl, acetyl, acryloyl and methacryloyl.
24. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 23, wherein E represents hydrogen, methyl and acetyl.
25. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 11 to 24, wherein the sum of the integers q1 + q2 is 0 or 1.
67

26. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 1 or 11 - 25
wherein W is a straight-chain or branched alkylene grouping, such as -(CH2)r, and also
-(CH2)r -O-(CH2)s-, -(CH2)rCO-0-(CH2)s-, -(CH2)r -O-CO-(CH2)s-,
-(CH2)r-NR2-CO-(CH2)s-,-(CH2)r-NR2-CO-0-(CH2)s-,-(CH2CH2)u-(OCH2CH2)v-,
wherein r and s are each an integer from 1 to 22 and the sum of r + s is an integer from 1 to 10, v is an integer from 1 to 7 and the sum of u + v wherein R2 represents hydrogen or lower alkyl, or an unsubstituted, saturated five- or
six-membered alicyclic ring or six- or ten-membered aromatic ring, which is unsubstituted,
mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine or nitro or by a straight chain or branched
alkyl residue having 1-6 carbon atoms, which alkyl residue is unsubstituted, mono- or
poly-substituted by fluorine, and wherein one or more of the non-adjacent CH2 groups
may independently be replaced by -0-, -CO-0-, -0-CO-, -NR2-CO-, -CO-NR2-,
-NR2-C0-O, -O-CO-NR2-, -CH=CH-, -&C-, -0-CO-0-, wherein R2 represents hydrogen
or lower alkyl.
27. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 26 wherein W is a C1-14
straight-chain alkylene group, especially ethylene, ropylene, butylene, pentylene,
hexylene, heptylene, octylene, nonylene, decylene, undecylene, or dodecylene; or
1,4-phenylene, 1,4-naphthylene, 1,5-naphthyleneor2,6-naphthylene, which are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl, methoxy, acyl or -CO-O-CH3
28. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 1 or 11-27 wherein X1, X2 and U when linked to 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene each independently represent a single covalent bond, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -CH2-0-, -0-CH2-, -NE-, -CH2-NE-, -NE-CH2-, -N=CR-, -CR=N-, -NR-CO- or -CO-NR-, and more preferably a single covalent bond, -CO-O-, -0-CO-, -CH2-0-, -0-CH2-, -NR- or -CH2-NR-, -NR-CH2-, -NR-CO- or -CO-NR-, wherein E and R have the meaning given above.
29. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 1 or 11 -28, wherein X1, X2 and U when linked to a group of formula b), c) or e) each independently represent a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2-, -0-CH2-(iv>, -NE-CH2-(iv), -CH=CH-,
62

-0--CH2-CH2-CH2- "(iv) or -NE-CH2-CH2-CH2- -H more preferably a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2-; -0-CH2-(iv), -NR-CH2 -W or -CH=CH-, and most preferably a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2- or -O-CH2—(iv), wherein E and R have the meaning as given above and the broken lines (iv) symbolize the linkage to the groups of formula b), c) or e).
30. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 1 or 11 - 28, wherein X1, X2 and U when linked to a group of formula f) or g) each independently represent-CH2-, -CO-, -CH2-CH2-CH2-, -C-CH2-CH2--H -NE-CH2-CH2"(iv), -CH=CH-CH2--(iv), -OCO-CH2--iv) or -CH2-OCO»H and preferably -CH2- or -CO-, wherein E has the meaning given above and the broken lines (iv) symbolize the linkage to the groups of formula f) or g).
31. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 1 or 11 to 30 wherein L when linked to two groups of formula d) represents a radical of formula h) to j) shown below,




which are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl, methoxy, acyl or-CO-0-CH3 and preferably a radical of formula i), which is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by methyl.
32. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of 11to 31 wherein Ar1
and Ar2 independently of each other are 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene, which are
unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by fluorine, chlorine, -OCH3 or -CH3, with the
proviso that at least one of Ar1 or Ar2 is optionally substituted 1,4-naphthylene if G1 and
G2 are optionally substituted 1,4-phenylene.
33 .A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 32 wherein Ar1 and Ar2
independently of each other are 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or
disubstituted by chlorine or -CH3 or unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene, with the proviso that at
69

least one of Ar1 or Ar2 is unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene if G1 and G2 are optionally substituted 1,4-phenylene.
34. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 11 to 33
wherein G1 and G 2 independently of each other are 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene, which are unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by fluorine, chlorine, -OCH3 or -CH3, preferably 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine or -CH3 or unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene; or a group of formula b), c), d) and e), . preferably a group of formula b), c) and d), which are unsubstituted and wherein the broken lines (i) symbolize the linkage to the azo-binding group and R, E have the meaning given above and with the proviso that G1 does not represent a group of formula d)



or a group of formula f) and g), which is unsubstituted and wherein the broken
lines (i) symbolize the linkage to the azo-binding group and R represents hydrogen or
lower alkyl


35. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to claim 34 wherein G1 and G2
independently of each other are 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene, which are unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by fluorine, chlorine, -OCH3 or -CH3, preferably 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine or -CH3 or
7o

unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene;
or a group of formula b), c), d) and e), preferably a group of formula b), c) and d), which are unsubstituted and wherein the broken lines (i) symbolize the linkage to the azo-binding group and R, E have the meaning given above and with the proviso that G1 does not represent a group of formula d)



e).
36. A polymerizable dichroic azo dye of the general formula


Wherein
A is a dichroic residue of general formulae IV:

(Hi)

U-G1-N=N-(-Ar1-N=N-)q1-(-Ar2-N=N-)q2-G2-IV

wherein the broken line (iii) symbolizes the linkage to the group B and wherein
G1 and G2 independently of each other represent 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine or -CH3 or unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene; or a group of formula b), c) and d)
71


, wherein the broken lines (i) symbolize the linkage to the azo-binding group; and wherein
R independently represents hydrogen, methyl, ethyl, propyl or isopropyl;
E independently represents hydrogen, methyl or acetyl;
and with the proviso that G1 does not represent a group of formula d);
Ar1, Ar2 are independently of each other 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono- or disubstituted by chlorine or -CH3 or unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene, with the proviso that at least one of Ar1 or Ar2 is unsubstituted 1,4-naphthylene if G1 and G2 are optionally substituted 1,4-phenylene;
q1, q2 independently are 0 or 1, with the proviso that the sum of the integers q1 + q2 is 0 or 1;
U when linked to 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene represents a single covalent bond, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -CH2-O-, -O-CH2-, -NR- or -CH2-NR-, -NR-CH2-, -NR-CO- or -CO-NR-, wherein E and R have the meaning given above, or wherein U when linked to a group of formula b) or c) represents a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2- or -0-CH2--('v), wherein E and R have the meaning given above and the broken lines (iv) symbolize the linkage to the groups of formula b) or c).
72

B represents a group of substructure II





wherein the broken line (ii) symbolizes the linkage to the azo-chromophore A and wherein:
D1 and D2 independently of each other represent 1,4-phenylene, which is unsubstituted, mono-or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl, methoxy, acyl or -CO-O-CH3;
m1, m2 are independently of each other 0 or 1;
Z1 and Z2 independently of each other represent a single covalent bond, -0-, -CO-O-, -O-CO-, -CH2-O- or -O-CH2-;
PG represents CH2=CY-COO-, CH2=CH-0-, CH2=CH-OOC-,





wherein Y is hydrogen or methyl;
Sp represents a single bond, ethylene, propylene, butylene, pentylene, hexylene, heptylene, octylene, nonylene, decylene, undecylene, or dodecylene;
L when linked to two groups of formula d) represents a radical of formula i), which is unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by methyl
73





or represents a group of substructure III
-X1-(W)n-X2-
III
wherein:
X1 and X2 when linked to 1,4-phenylene or 1,4-naphthylene each independently of each other represent a single covalent bond, -CO-0-, -0-CO-, -CH2-O-, -0-CH2-, -NR- or -CH2-NR-, -NR-CH2-, -NR-CO- or -CO-NR-, wherein E and R have the meaning given above, or when linked to a group of formula b) or c) each independently of each other represent a single covalent bond, -CH2-CH2- or -0-CH2"(iv), wherein E and R have the meaning given above and the broken lines (iv) symbolize the linkage to the groups of formula b) or c);
W represents ethylene, propylene, butylene, pentylene, hexylene, heptylene, octylene, nonylene, decylene, undecylene, or dodecylene; or 1,4-phenylene, 1,4-naphthylene, 1,5-naphthylene or 2,6-naphthylene, which are unsubstituted, mono- or poly-substituted by fluorine, chlorine, methyl, methoxy, acyl or -CO-O-CH3;
n is 0 or 1
37. Use of a polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 1 to 36 for the preparation of mesogenic, polymerizable mixtures.
38. A mesogenic, polymerizable mixture comprising at least one polymerizable dichroic azo dye of formula I according to anyone of claims 1 to 36.
74

39. A mesogenic, polymerizable mixture according to claim 38, wherein the polymerizable dichroic azo dye is at a concentration of 0.01 to 50%wt, more preferably from 0.01 to 20 %wt, most preferably from 0.01 to 10%wt.
40. A mesogenic, polymerizable mixture according to claims 38 and 39 further comprising another dichroic or non-dichroic dye.
41. A mesogenic, polymerizable mixture according to anyone of claims 38 to 40 further comprising at least one polymerizable liquid crystalline compound (LCP).
42. A mesogenic, polymerizable mixture according to anyone of claims 38 to 41 further comprising additives such as crosslinkers, stabilizers and photoinitiators.
43. A mesogenic, polymerizable mixture comprising at least one polymerizable dichroic azo dye of formula I, in particular according to one of the claims 1-36, and at least one polymerizable liquid crystalline compound and optionally additives such as crosslinkers, stabilizers and photoinitiators.
44. A mesogenic, polymerizable mixture comprising one to four polymerizable dichroic azo dyes of formula I, in particular according to one of the claims 1-36, and at least one polymerizable liquid crystalline compound comprising two polymerizable groups and optionally additives such as crosslinkers, stabilizers and photoinitiators.
45. A mesogenic, polymerizable mixture according to anyone of claims 38 to 44 able to induce a cholesteric phase for the creation of dyed cholesteric layers, comprising either:
(i) at least one chiral polymerizable liquid crystalline compound, or
(ii) at least one polymerizable liquid crystalline compound and least one chiral component.
46. Use of a mesogenic, polymerizable mixture according to anyone of claims 38
to 45 for the preparation of dichroic liquid crystalline polymer films.
75

47. A dichroic liquid crystalline polymer film comprising a mesogenic, polymerizable mixture according to anyone of claims 38 to 45.
48. Use of a dichroic liquid crystalline polymer film according to claim 47 for the manufacture of devices such as polarizers or optical filters.
49. Process of preparing a dichroic liquid crystalline polymer film comprising a mesogenic, polymerizable mixture according to anyone of claims 38 to 45 comprising (i) preparing a solution of said mesogenic, polymerizable mixture by dissolving said mixture in a solvent
(ii) applying said solution to a substrate by different coating techniques,
(iii) evaporating the solvent to obtain a film, and
(iv) polymerizing said film using UV light to give said dichroic liquid crystalline polymer
film.
50. Process according to claim 49, wherein the dichroic liquid crystalline polymer films are further coated with other layers, such as protective layers for protection against oxygen, UV irradiation or mechanical stress.
51. Process according to claims 49 or 50 wherein the substrates include transparent substrates, such as glass or plastic, including an orientation layer.
52. Process according to claim 51, wherein said orientation layer includes rubbed polyimide or polyamide or preferably layers of photo-orientable materials.
53. Process according to claim 52, wherein said photo-orientable orientation layers are Linearly Photo-Polymerizable Polymers (LPPs).
54. Multilayer systems formed from a stack of alternating LPP and LCP layers, wherein at least one of the LCP layers is a dichroic liquid crystalline polymer film according to claim 47, and which are optionally covered by other functional layers, such as protection layers against oxygen or humidity or layers for protection against ultraviolet radiation.
76

55. Process of preparing an orientation layer comprising at least one polymerizable
dichroic azo dye according to formula I, in particular according to one of the claims 1-36,
by
(i) preparing a solution of a mixture comprising at least one polymerizable dichroic azo
dye of formula I and a photoorientable material in a solvent,
(ii) applying the solution on a substrate using different coating techniques,
(iii) evaporating the solvent to obtain a film, and
(iv) polymerizing said film using linearly polarized UV light to give said orientation layer
comprising at least one polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to formula I.
56. Use of a mesogenic, polymerizable mixture according to anyone of claims 38 to 45 for the preparation of electro-optical and optical devices including security devices.
57. Use of a dichroic liquid crystalline polymer film according to claim 47 for the preparation of electro-optical and optical devices including security devices.
58. Electro-optical or optical components or security devices comprising a dichroic liquid crystalline polymer film formed from a mesogenic, polymerizable mixture according to anyone of claims 38 to 45.
59. Orientation layer comprising at least one polymerizable dichroic azo dye according to anyone of claims 1 to 36.
60. Orientation layer according to claim 59 further comprising rubbed polyimide, or polyamide or preferably layers of photo-orientable materials.
61. Use of an orientation layer according to claims 59 and 60 for the manufacture of optical or electro-optical components, such as structured or unstructured optical filters, polarizers or elements of security devices.
Dated this 1st day of ^November, 2006.
FORROLICAG By their Agents
77
(GIRISH VIJAYANANO SHETH) KRISHNA & SAURASTRI

ABSTRACT
The present invention is directed towards polymerizable dichromophoric dichroic azo dyes comprising azo-chromophores to which polymerizable groups are attached leading to dyes having sufficient solubility in combination with high coloring power and high order parameter.
78

Documents:

1283-MUMNP-2006-ABSTRACT(GRANTED)-(10-11-2011).pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-abstract.pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CANCELLED PAGES(25-3-2011).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CANCELLED PAGES(4-11-2009).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CLAIMS(1-11-2006).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CLAIMS(AMENDED)-(25-3-2011).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CLAIMS(AMENDED)-(4-11-2009).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CLAIMS(GRANTED)-(10-11-2011).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CLAIMS(MARKED COPY)-(25-3-2011).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CLAIMS(MARKED COPY)-(4-11-2009).pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-claims.pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CORRESPONDENCE(1-7-2009).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CORRESPONDENCE(24-1-2008).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CORRESPONDENCE(30-11-2010).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CORRESPONDENCE(IPO)-(11-2-2009).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-CORRESPONDENCE(IPO)-(14-11-2011).pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-correspondence-received.pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-description (complete).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-DESCRIPTION(COMPLETE)-(1-11-2006).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-DESCRIPTION(GRANTED)-(10-11-2011).pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-drawings.pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-FORM 1(25-3-2011).pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-form 13(25-3-2011).pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-form 13(4-11-2009).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-FORM 18(24-1-2008).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-FORM 2(COMPLETE)-(1-11-2006).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-FORM 2(GRANTED)-(10-11-2011).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-FORM 2(TITLE PAGE)-(1-11-2006).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-FORM 2(TITLE PAGE)-(25-3-2011).tif

1283-MUMNP-2006-FORM 2(TITLE PAGE)-(GRANTED)-(10-11-2011).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-FORM 3(1-7-2009).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-FORM 3(25-3-2011).pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-form-1.pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-form-2.pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-form-3.pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-form-5.pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-form-pct-ib-304.pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-form-pct-isa-210.pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-form-pct-isa-237.pdf

1283-mumnp-2006-form-pct-ro-101.pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-GENERAL POWER OF ATTORNEY(1-11-2006).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-OTHER DOCUMENT(1-7-2009).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-OTHER DOCUMENT(25-3-2011).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-POWER OF ATTORNEY(25-3-2011).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT(4-11-2009).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-REPLY TO HEARING(25-3-2011).pdf

1283-MUMNP-2006-WO INTERNATIONAL PUBLICATION REPORT(1-11-2006).pdf

1283-munp-2006-abstract.doc


Patent Number 249776
Indian Patent Application Number 1283/MUMNP/2006
PG Journal Number 45/2011
Publication Date 11-Nov-2011
Grant Date 10-Nov-2011
Date of Filing 01-Nov-2006
Name of Patentee Rolic AG
Applicant Address Chamerstrasse 50, 6301 Zug,
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 PEGLOW, Thomas Feldbergstrasse 8, 79539 Lorrach,
2 CHERKAOUI, Zoubair Mohammed Bennwilerstrasse 7, 4435 Niederdorf
3 MOIA, Franco Eggstrasse 24A, 4402 Frenkendorf,
PCT International Classification Number C09B69/10
PCT International Application Number PCT/CH2005/000233
PCT International Filing date 2005-04-26
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 044052801 2004-05-04 EUROPEAN UNION