|Title of Invention||
ROLLING MONOBLOCK WITH INTERCOOLING
|Abstract||A rolling monoblock comprises: a first block (Bl) of rolling stands (Gl-Gm) and a second block (B2) of rolling stands (Gm+l-Gn) . According to the invention, an annular path (A) of cooling of the rolled section (11) is foreseen between the two blocks (Bl, B2) .|
ROLLING MONOBLOCK WITH INTERCOOLING
The present invention refers to a rolling monoblock with interfolding.
In a rolling plant or rolling mill for wire rods, according to consolidated technology, one works on a billet which has been previously brought to a temperature above the re-crystallisation temperature; the billet is then subjected to rolling, so to gradually reduce its section to the desired section. In the hot-rolling of steel wires, one uses in the final rolling steps a rolling mill composed of 8-10 rolling stands, arranged one after the other, and controlled by two transmissions in turn operated by two or more motors which may be sequentially arranged. Given the high speed of work, in order to reduce to a minimum the risks of obstructions between the stands, the same are normally arranged very close to each other, with minimum distances which may even approach 8 00 mm.
The plastic deformation work done on the rolled section in subsequent .steps Considerably increases the temperature of the rolled section itself. Between the stands, cooling devices may be prearranged. Given however the very limited time available, due to the reduced distances between the stands and the high
speeds, said coolers are not able to remove the thermal energy ensuing from the deformation work and maintain constant the temperature of the bar.
It should be considered, indeed, that the speed of the wire entering the 1st stand may be estimated to be 10-2 0 m/s, and such speed upon exiting is comprised between 60-100 m/s.
In such conditions, even soft steel with a low carbon content, which requires little deformation work, entering the 1st stand at 950°C will exit the 10th stand with a temperature of 1100-1150 °C, considering a final speed of 100 m/s.
With such a high rolling temperature, in the final steps, metallurgical structures are produced inside the rolled section which are not suitable for the subsequent direct uses of the rolled section thus obtained.
In the above-indicated conditions, coarse pearlitic structures may easily be found inside the rolled bar, as may bainitic or even martens tic structures, which require complex thermal cycles before the final use. On the other hand, it is known from thermo mechanical rolling that rolling at lower temperatures, comprised betvv’een about 750 and 900°C, the product obtained with all types of steel has a completely pearlitic structure with thin cementite layers, particularly adapted for
wire drawing or cold deformation without requiring
particular thermal treatments before the final use.
General object of the present invention is that of
foreseeing rolling systems and plants which permit
controlling the temperature of the rolled section,
especially in the final steps.
With the aforesaid objects, according to the present
invention, it has been thought to make a monoblock
having the characteristics set forth in the claim.
The characteristics and advantages of the present
invention with regards to the prior art will be clearer
and more evident from an examination of the following
description, referred to the attached figure which
schematically illustrates an intercooler monoblock.
With reference to the figure, a rolling monoblock 10
with intervolving, object of the present invention,
comprises a first block Bl and a second block B2, and
is equipped with main controls 12 set between the two
blocks Bl, B2.
The monoblock is generally composed of 8 or 10 stands,
but may also have a lower or higher number.
In the case shown, considering the rolling direction F
of a product 11, the first block Bl comprises four
rolling stands G1-G4 while the second block B2
comprises six stands G5-G10.
Moreover, the second block B2 is mounted on a moving
cart, on which a second alternative block B'2 is
present for a rapid exchange of the stand series of the
Each of the two second blocks B2 and B'2 is equipped at
the leaving portion with a calibrator, 13 and 13'
In both blocks, moreover, coolers 14 foreseen along
with disconnect able joints indicated with 15.
As a rule, the two blocks Bl and B2 are therefore
foreseen with the first block comprising Gl-Gm stands,
the second block comprising G(m+1)-Gn stands, with m
preferably but not exclusively equal to 4 and n
preferably and not exclusively equal to 8 or 10.
Such blocks Bl and B2 ax-e arranged with one upstream
and one downstream from the main controls.
Between the first and the second block, the rolled
section 11 follows an annular path A of length such to
be able to carry out an appropriate cooling to the
desired values, with related equalization of the
temperature inside the bar so to roll at a controlled
temperature in subsequent steps.
In the annular path A, the following devices are
foreseen in sequence in the rolling direction F:
- a first drawing mechanism 20 whose role is to keep
the rolled section 11 in tension at the exit of the
first block Bl and to allow it to pass through coolers
23 to so to cool the entire rolled section, including the head;
- shears 24 for cutting the head of the cooled rolled section^ so to not have obstructions at the entrance to the subsequent stand;
- a second drawing mechanism 21 whose role is to keep the rolled section in tension at the exit of the shears or cooler. In particular, such second drawing mechanism is prearranged so that when this second drawing mechanism 21 . draws the rolled section 11, the first drawing mechanism 20, placed before the cooler 24, is opened and does not draw the rolled section.
- a circular loop 2 5 which permits avoiding tensions on the rolled section during the passage between the two blocks. The circular loop 25 is realised so to guide the material . during the passage of the first part of the rolled section and subsequently open so to allow the rolled section to be free to extend in relation with its actual length between the blocks;
a third drawing mechanism 22 placed between the circular loop 25 and the second block B2 whose role is to ensure the entrance to the second block. When the rolled section is engaged on the second block, this third drawing mechanism 22 opens and the rolled section is drawn by the stand itself. If coolings are not foreseen inside the block, there
develops a temperature increase on the first block Bl of stands of about 15 °C for each stand. However, the rolled section partially cools at the exit of each stand thanks to irradiation. In particular, at the exit of the stands which produce the rod in the oval-round calibration combination, a cooling device is foreseen which reduces the temperature 3-4°C while still in the first block.
If one considers a temperature at the entrance of the first block Bl of 880°C, one obtains a temperature at the exit of the same, i.e. after 4 stands and at the entrance of the loop A, of about 945-950 °C. Subsequently, along the annular path A, the rolled section is cooled with the coolers 23 to a temperature such that with the subsequent heating following the deformation in the second block B2, the final steps are attained at the desired temperature, less than 900°C,
1. Rolling monoblock comprising a first block (Bl) of rolling stands (Gl-Gm) and a second block (B2) of rolling stands (Gm+l-Gn) , characterised in that between the two blocks (B1,B2) an annular path (A) is foreseen of cooling of the rolled section (11).
2. Monoblock according to claim 1, characterised in that said ring (A) sequentially comprises the following devices in the rolling direction (F):
- a first drawing mechanism (20) whose role is to keep the rolled section (11) under tension at the exit of the first block (Bl) and to allow the same to pass through the coolers (23) so to cool the entire rolled section, including the head;
- shears (24) for cutting the head of the cooled rolled section so to have no obstructions in the entrance of the subsequent stand;
- a second drawing mechanism (21) whose role is to keep the rolled section in tension at the exit of the shears or cooler;
- a circular loop (25) which permits avoiding tensions on the rolled section during the passage between the two blocks;
- a third drawing mechanism (22) placed between the
circular loop (25) and the second block (B2) whoa role
is to ensure the entrance to the second block.
3. Monoblock according to claim 2, characterised in
that said second drawing mechanism (21) is prearranged
so that when it draws the rolled section (11) , the
first drawing mechanism (20) placed before the cooler
(24) is opened and does not draw the rolled section.
4. Monoblock according to claim 2, characterised in
that said circular loop (25) is realised so to guide
thrf rolled section (11) during the passage of the first
part of the rolled section and subsequently open so to
allow the rolled section to be free to extend in
relation with its actual length between the blocks (Bl,
5. Monoblock according to claim 2, characterised in that said third drawing mechanism (22) is prearranged for opening when the rolled section is engaged on the second block (B2) , so that the rolled section is drawn by the first stand (Gm+1) of the second block (B2) ,
6. Monoblock according to any one of the preceding claims, characterised in that said first monoblock comprises m stands with m=4 and said second monoblock comprises n-m stands with n=8 or n=10.
7. Monoblock according to any one of the preceding
claims, characterised in that said circular loop (25)
is prearranged so to realise an equalization of the
temperature inside the bar, so to be able to roll at a
controlled temperature in the subsequent steps.
|Indian Patent Application Number||4006/CHENP/2007|
|PG Journal Number||45/2011|
|Date of Filing||13-Sep-2007|
|Name of Patentee||SIEMENS VAI METALS TECHNOLOGIES S.r.l.|
|Applicant Address||VIA LUIGI POMINI 92,21050 MARANATE (VA)|
|PCT International Classification Number||B21B1/18|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP06/02453|
|PCT International Filing date||2006-03-13|