Title of Invention

"AN APPARATUS FOR DEMODULATING AN 8-ARY PSK MODULATED SIGNAL"

Abstract An 8-ary PSK demodulation apparatus for receiving an input signal Rk(Xk,Yk) comprised of a kth quadrature-phase component Yk and a kth in-phase component Xk, and for generating soft decision values ^ (sk,0), ^ (sk,1), and ^ (sk,2). A calculator calculates Zk by subtracting a level Yk of the quadrature-phase signal component Yk from a level Xk of the in -phase signal component Xk. A first selector selects the Zk or reverse - Zk, according to an MSB of the quadrature-phase signal component Yk. A second selector selects the Zk or the reverse -Zk according to an MSB of the in-phase signal component Xk. A third selector selects an output of the second selector or a value "0" according to an MSB of the Zk.
Full Text 1. Field of the invention
The present invention relates generally to an apparatus for demodulating an 8-ary PSK modulated signal in a digital communication system employing multi-level modulation, and in particular, to a demodulation apparatus and method for calculating soft decision values needed as inputs to a channel decoder in a demodulator for a digital communication system employing 8-ary PSK (Phase Shift Keying) modulation.
2. Description of the Related Art
In a digital communication system employing 8-ary PSK modulation, a kind of multi-level modulations, to increase spectral efficiency, a signal encoded by a channel encoder is transmitted after being modulated. A demodulator then demodulates the signal transmitted and provides the demodulated signal to a channel decoder for decoding. The channel decoder performs soft decision decoding in order to correct errors. To do so, the demodulator must have a mapping algorithm for generating soft decision values (or soft values) corresponding to output bits of the channel encoder from a 2-dimensional signal comprised of an in-phase signal component and a quadrature-phase signal component.
The mapping algorithm is classified into a simple metric procedure proposed by Nokia and a dual minimum metric procedure proposed by Motorola. Both algorithms calculate LLR (Log Likelihood Ratio) for the output bits and use the calculated LLR as an input soft decision value of the channel decoder.
The simple metric procedure, a mapping algorithm given by modifying a complex LLR calculation formula into a simple approximate formula, has a simple LLR calculation formula, but LLR distortion caused by the fuse of the approximate formula leads to performance degradation. The dual minimum metric procedure, a mapping algorithm of calculating LLR with a more accurate approximate formula and using the calculated LLR as an input soft decision value of the channel decoder, can make up for performance degradation of the simple metric procedure to some extent. However, compared with the Simple metric
procedure, this procedure needs increased calculations, thus causing a considerable increase in hardware complexity.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
It is. therefore, an object of the present invention to provide an apparatus and method for simplifying obtaining input soft values of a channel decoder-calculated by the dual minimum metric procedure, without a mapping table or complex processing needed to obtain a minimum distance value with a received signal in a demodulator for a digital communication system employing 8-ary PSK modulation.
It is another object of the present invention to provide an apparatus and method for calculating a soft decision value by a simple conditional formula in a digital communication system employing 8-ary PSK modulation.
To achieve the above and other objects, there is provided an 8-ary PSK demodulation apparatus for receiving an input signal Rk(Xk, Yk) comprised of a kth quadrature-phase component Yk and a kth in-phase component Xk, and for generating soft decision values ^(Sk,0) ^(Sk,1), and ^(Sk,2) for the input signal Rk(Xk, Yk) by a soft decision means. The apparatus comprises a calculator for calculating a soft value Zk by subtracting a level |Yk| of the quadrature-phase signal component Yk from a level |Xk| of the in-phase signal component Xk of the received signal Rk(Xk, Yk), and outputting the Zk as a first soft decision value; a first selector for receiving the Zk from the calculator and a inverted value -Zk of the Zk,' and selecting the Zk or the -Zk according to a most significant bit (MSB) of the quadrature-phase signal component Yk; a second selector for receiving the Zk from the calculator and the -Zk, and selecting the Zk or the -Zk according to an MSB of the in-phase signal component Xk: a third selector for receiving an output of the second selector and a value "0", and selecting the output of the second selector or the value "0" according to an MSB of the function Zk; a first adder for adding a value calculated by multiplying the quadrature-phase signal component Yk by √2 to an output of the third selector, and outputting the result value as a third soft decision value: a fourth selector for receiving an output of the second selector and a value "0", and selecting the output of the second selector or the value "0" according to the MSB of the function Zk; and a second adder for adding a value calculated by multiplying the in-phase signal component Xk by √2 to an

output of the fourth selector, and outputting the result value as a second soft decision value
To achieve the above and other objects, there is provided an 8-ary PSK demodulation method for receiving an input signal Rk(Xk, Yk) comprised of a kth quadrature-phase component Yk and a kth in-phase component Xk, and for generating soft decision values A(sk-0)- A(sk-0), and A(sk2) for the input signal Rk(Xk, Yk) by a soft decision means. The method comprises the steps of: (a) calculating a soft value Zk of a first demodulated symbol by subtracting a level |Yk| of the quadrature-phase signal component Yk from a level |Xk| of the in-phase signal component Xk of the received signal Rk(XkYk),(b) setting a first variable a to "0" if the soft value Zk has a positive value, setting the first variable α to "-1" if the 2k has a negative value and the quadrature-phase component Yk has a positive value, and setting the first variable a to "1" if the Zk has a negative value and the quadrature-phase component Yk has a negative value: (c) determining a soft value of a third demodulated symbol by calculating
√2 Yk+α*Zk using the quadrature-phase component Yk; the soft value Zk and the first variable a; (d) setting a second variable ß to "0" if the soft value Zk has a negative value, setting the second variable p to "-1" if the Zk has a positive value and the in-phase component Xk has a negative value, and setting the second variable ß to "1" if the Zk has a positive value and the in-phase component Xk has a positive value; (e) determining a soft value of a second demodulated symbol by
calculating -√2 Xk+P*Zk using the in-phase component Xk, the soft value Zk and the second variable p.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The above and other objects, features and advantages of the present invention will become more apparent from the following detailed description when taken in conjunction with the accompanying drawings in which:
FIG. 1 illustrates a signal constellation with mapping points according to 8-ary PSK:
FIG. 2 illustrates a procedure for calculating soft decision values in a digital communication system employing 8-ary PSK according to an embodiment of the present invention:
FIG. 3 illustrates block diagram of a calculator for determining soft decision values of a demodulated symbol according to an embodiment of the

present invention;
FIG. 4 illustrates a logic circuit of a soft decision value calculator for use in a digital communication system employing 8-ary PSK; and
FIG. 5 illustrates a signal constellation having mapping points according to the 8-ary PSK, for explanation of calculations.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
A preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described herein below with reference to the accompanying drawings. In the following description, well-known functions or constructions are not described in detail since they would obscure the invention in unnecessary detail.
The present invention provides a method for calculating multidimensional soft decision values needed as inputs to a channel decoder from a 2-dimentional received signal, using the dual minimum metric procedure.
In a transmitter, a modulator divides an output bit stream of a channel encoder into m-bit signal sequences, and maps the signal sequences to corresponding signal points among M (=2m) signal points according to a Gray coding rule. This can be represented by
Equation (1)
(Equation Removed)
In Equation (1), Sk,i (i=0;l,-?m-l) indicates an ith bit in a signal sequence mapped to a kth symbol, and Ik and Qk indicate an in-phase (I) signal component and a quadrature-phase (Q) signal component of the kth symbol, respectively. For 8-ary PSK, m=3 and a corresponding signal constellation are illustrated in FIG. 1. As illustrated, the signal constellation includes 8 (=23) mapping points, each point having a 45° phase difference with the mapping points adjacent thereto.
As illustrated in FIG. 1. a symbol is mapped to an in-phase signal component Ik and a quadrature-phase signal component Qk, and transmitted to a receiver through transmission media. Upon receiving the in-phase signal component and the quadrature-phase signal component, the receiver demodulates

the received signal components at a symbol demodulator. A received signal corresponding to the transmitted signal comprised of the in-phase signal component Ik and the quadrature-phase signal component Qk can be expressed in a complex number by Equation (2) below, taking a transmission gain and noises into consideration.
Equation (2)
(Equation Removed)
In Equation (2). Xk and Yk indicate an in-phase signal component and a quadrature-phase signal component of a 2-dimensional received signal mapped to a kth symbol, respectively. Further, gk is a complex coefficient indicating gains of
the transmitter, the transmission media, and the receiver. In addition. f and f
are Gaussian noises with an average 0 and a divergence σ. and they are statistically independent of each other.
The symbol demodulator of the receiver calculates LLR using a received signal Rk of Equation (2). The LLR corresponding to an ith bit sk,i (i=0.1,-,m-l) in the output sequence of the channel encoder in the transmitter can be calculated by Equation (3), and the calculated LLR is provided to the channel decoder in the receiver as a soft decision value.
Equation (3)
(Equation Removed)
In Equation (3). (skt) is an LLR or a soft decision value corresponding
to Sk,i, k is a constant, and Pr{-4|5} indicates a conditional probability defined as a
probability that an event A will occur when an event B occurs. However, Equation (3) is non-linear, thus accompanying relatively many calculations. Therefore, it is necessary to approximate Equation (3), for actual realization. In the case of a Gaussian noise channel with gk=l in Equation (2), Equation (3) can be written as follows.

Equation (4)
(Equation Removed)
However. Equation (4) is also non-linear. Therefore, Equation (4) can be approximated by the dual minimum metric procedure proposed by Motorola, as follows.
Equation (5)
(Equation Removed)
In Equation (5), K'=(1/σ2n)K . and zk(sk,i=0) and zk(sk,i=l) indicate actual
values of Ik+jQk for Sk,i=0 and sk,i=l, respectively. In order to calculate Equation (5), it is necessary to determine zk(sk,i=0) and zk(sk,i=l) for minimizing
for a 2-dimensional received signal Rk.
Taking into consideration nk.i indicating an ith bit value of a reverse mapping sequence for a signal point nearest to Rk and n k,i, indicating a negation
for nk,i Equation (5) approximated by the dual minimum metric procedure can be rewritten as
Equation (6)
(Equation Removed)
That is. Equation (6) can be calculated by determining whether an ith bit value nk,i of a reverse mapping sequence for a signal point at the shortest distance
from Rk is "0" or' "1" and determining the minimum nk,i value for an ith bit value
of the reverse mapping sequence. The value calculated by Equation (6) becomes a soft decision value for the ith bit value of the reverse mapping sequence. As the soft decision value becomes larger in a positive or a negative value, the information provided to a channel decoder becomes more correct.
The signal point at the shortest distance from Rk is determined by ranges of an in-phase signal component value and a quadrature-phase signal component value of Rk. Therefore, a first term in the brackets of Equation (6) can be written as
Equation (7)
(Equation Removed)
In Equation (7), Uk and Vk denote an in-phase signal component and a quadrature-phase signal component of a signal point mapped by nk={nkm-i. —, nk,i. — nk,i. nk.0]. respectively.
Further, a second term in the brackets of Equation (6) can be written as
Equation (8)
(Equation Removed)
In Equation (8)s Uk,i and Vk,i denote an in-phase signal component and a quadrature-phase signal component of a signal point mapped by a reverse
mapping sequence mk={mk.m.1, , mk,i(=nk,i.,), —. mk-l. mk,0} of zk minimizing
Rk -zK(sk,i -nk.i)2 respectively. Equation (6) is rewritten as Equation (9) by Equation (7) and Equation (8).
Equation (9)
(Equation Removed)
From Equation (9), m soft decision values needed as inputs to a channel decoder supporting m-level modulation can be calculated.
Herein, a process of calculating input soft decision values to the channel decoder by a demodulator in a data communication system employing 8-ary PSK by Equation (9) will be described.
First, Table 1 is used to calculate {nk,2, nk,i, nk,0}. Uk and Vk from two signal components Xk and Yk of an S-ary PSK-modulatcd received signal Rk. Table 1 illustrates l(nk,3 nk,1 nk,0). Uk. and Vk for the case where a received signal Rk appears in each of 8 regions centered on the signal points in FIG. 1. For the sake of convenience. 4 boundary values, i.e., result values at Xk=0, Yk=0. Yk=Xk. Yk=-Xk arc omitted from Table 1.
Table 1
(Table Removed)
Further, Table 2 illustrates a sequence {mk,2, mk,1 mk,0} minimizing Rk -Zk(Sk,1 = nk,i) calculated for i (where iε{0, 1, 2}), in terms of a function of
{nk,2, nk,1. nk,0}, and also illustrates in-phase and quadrature-phase signal components Uk,i and Vk,i of the corresponding zk.
Table 2
(Table Removed)

Table 3 illustrates Vk,i and Uk,i corresponding to {mk,2. mk,l, mk,0} determined from Table 2, for all combinations of {nk,2, nk.1 nk,0}.
Table3
(Table Removed)

Table 4 illustrates results given by down-scaling, in a ratio of
K(√(2-√2)-√(2-√2)). soft decision values obtained by substituting Vkl and UkJ of Table 3 into Equation (9), i.e., illustrates the results normalized by
K(√(2 +√2)-√(2-√2)). That is, when a received signal Rk is applied, an LLR
satisfying a corresponding condition can be determined as a soft decision value by Table 4. If the channel decoder used in the system is not a max-logMAP (logarithmic maximum a posteriori) decoder, a process of up-scaling the LLR of
Table 4 in a reverse ratio of the down-scale ratio must be added.
Table 4
(Table Removed)
However, when performing 8-ary PSK soft decision demodulation using Table 4, the demodulator should first perform a condition determining operation, including a dividing operation, on the two components of a received signal. Thereafter, the demodulator selects a formula corresponding to the result of the condition determining operation among the formulas designated according to the conditions, and substitutes the two components of the received signal into the selected formula, thereby calculating soft decision values. To this end, the demodulator requires an operator for performing the dividing operation and a memory for storing different formulas according to the condition.
In order to exclude the dividing operation and remove the memory, it is necessarv to modify condition determining formulas and derive soft decision value calculation formulas that can be commonly applied even to the different conditions. To this end, the condition determining formulas shown in Table 4 can be expressed as shown in Table 5. using a new function Zk defined as Xk -1 Yk I. In Table 5, the dividing operations are excluded and the soft decision values at the 4 boundary values, which were omitted from Table 4 for convenience, are taken into consideration.
Table 5
(Table Removed)
sign of Xk. Yk. and Zk can be expressed by their MSB (Most Significant Bit), or sign bit. In Table 6, MSB(x) denotes an MSB of a given value x.
Table 6
(Table Removed)
From Table 6. soft decision values A(sk,2), A(sk,1), and A(sk,0) for each i are expressed as
Equation (10)
(Equation Removed)
In Equation (10), a parameter a is 0 for MSB(Zk)=0, -1 for MSB(Zk)=l and MSB(Yk)=0: and 1 for MSB(Zk)=l and MSB(Y'k)=l.
Equation (11)
(Equation Removed)
In Equation (11), a parameter (J is 0 for MSB(Zk)=l, -1 for MSB(Zk)=0 and MSB(Xk)=l. and 1 for MSB(Zk)=0 and MSB(Xk)=0.
Equation (12)
(Equation Removed)
That is, in the digital communication system employing 8-ary PSK: it is possible to actually calculate 3 soft decision values, which are outputs of the demodulator for one received signal or inputs to the channel decoder, using the
dual minimum metric procedure of Equation (4), through the simple conditional formulas of Equation (10) to Equation (12). This process is illustrated in FIG. 2.
FIG. 2 illustrates a procedure for calculating soft decision values in a digital communication system employing 8-ary PSK according to an embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 2. in step S110? a symbol demodulator calculates Zk=|Xk|-| Yk| to define the condition determining formulas shown in Table 4 as a new function. The symbol demodulator analyzes an MSB of the Zk in step S120. in order to determine a and (J according to the MSB of the Zk in Equation (1) to Equation (12). As a result of the analysis in step S120, if the MSB of the Zk is "0", the symbol demodulator proceeds to step S130. and otherwise, proceeds to step S140. In step S130. the symbol demodulator analyzes an MSB of Xk. As a result of the analysis in step S130, if the MSB of the Xk is :T\ the symbol demodulator sets the parameter a to "0" and the parameter (3 to "-1" in step S150. If the MSB oft he Xk is "0". the symbol demodulator sets the parameter a to "0" and the parameter P to "1" in step S160.
As a result of the analysis in step S120. if the MSB of the Zk is "1", the symbol demodulator analyzes an MSB of Yk in step S140. As a result of the analysis in step S140. if the MSB of the Yk is "O", the symbol demodulator sets the parameter a to "-1" and the parameter p to "0" in step S170. If the MSB of the Yk is "1" the symbol demodulator sets the parameter a to "1" and the parameter ß to "0" in step S180. Thereafter, in step S190, the symbol demodulator calculates soft decision values by substituting the parameters a and ß determined in the proceeding steps and the received signal into Equation (10) to Equation (12). In this way. the symbol demodulation is performed.
Summarizing, the process of calculating soft decision values by the dual minimum metric procedure includes a first step of determining the first parameter a and the second parameter ß by analyzing a 2-dimensionaI received signal comprised of an in-phase signal component and a quadrature-phase signal component, and a second step of calculating soft decision values using the 2-dimensional received signal and the first parameter a and the second parameter ß determined in the first step. The determined soft decision values of a demodulated symbol are provided to a channel decoder.
FIG. 3 illustrates a calculator for determining soft decision values of a
demodulated symbol according to an embodiment of the present invention. Referring to FIG. 3. the calculator for determining soft decision values by the dual minimum metric procedure in a digital communication system includes a received signal analyzer 10 and a soft decision value output unit 20. The received signal analyzer 10 determines first and second parameters a and ß by analyzing a received signal comprised of 3n in-phase signal component Xk and a quadrature-phase signal component Yk. The soft decision value output unit 20 then calculates soft decision valuesA(sk,2). A(sk,1)r and A(sk,0) required for soft decision decoding, using the received signal and the determined parameters a and ß.
A logic circuit of the calculator for calculating soft decision values in accordance with Equation (10) to Equation (12) is illustrated in FIG. 4. In particular, FIG. 4 illustrates a soft decision value calculator for use in a digital communication system employing 8-ary PSK. The logic circuit of FIG. 4 is included in a demodulator of the digital communication system employing 8-ary PSK, and calculates soft decision values using Equation (10) to Equation (12). Herein, the 2-dimensionaI received signal Rk, in-phase signal component Xk. quadrature-phase signal component Yk, variable Zk, parameter a, and parameter ß are all real numbers, and digital values with a sign bit. In FIG. 4, a calculator 105. an inverter 115, a first MSB extractor 155, a first selector 110, a third MSB extractor 165 and a third selector 120 constitute a structure for determining the first parameter a. Further, the calculator 105, the inverter 115, a second MSB extractor 160, a second selector 135, the third MSB extractor 165 and a fourth selector 140 constitutes a structure for determining the second parameter ß.
Referring to FIG. 4, the calculator 105 calculates Zk=|Xk|-! Yk! using an in-phase signal component Xk and a quadrature-phase signal component Yk of a 2-dimensional received signal Rk mapped to a kth symbol. The inverter 115 inverts a sign of the Zk by calculating the Zk from the calculator 105 by "-1. The first MSB extractor 155 extracts an MSB of the Yk received, and provides the extracted MSB to the first selector 110 as a first select signal. The second MSB extractor 160 extracts an MSB of the Xk received, and provides the extracted MSB to the second selector 135 as a second select signal. The third MSB extractor 165 extracts an MSB of the Zk received from the calculator 105, and provides the extracted MSB to the third selector 120 as a third select signal. In addition, the Yk
is multiplied by √2 at a first multiplier 130, and the Xk is also multiplied by √2 at a second multiplier 150.
The first selector 110 receives the Zk from the calculator 105 and the "-Zk" from the inverter 115, and selects one of the inputs according to the first select signal from the first MSB extractor 155. The third selector 120 then receives an output of the first selector 110 and a bit "0"", and selects one of the inputs according to the third select signal from the third MSB extractor 165. An output
of the third selector 120 is added to an output value √2Yk of the first multiplier
130 by a first adder 125. generating a third soft decision value A(sk,2) of the received signal Rk mapped to a kth symbol.
In addition, the second selector 135 receives the Zk from the calculator 105 and the "-Zk' from the inverter 115. and selects one of the inputs according to the second select signal from the second MSB extractor 160. The fourth selector 140 then receives an output of the second selector 135 and a bit u0", and selects one of the inputs according to the third select signal from the third MSB extractor
165, An output of the fourth selector 140 is added to an output value -√2Xk of the
second multiplier 150 by a second adder 145, thus generating a second soft decision value A(sk,l) of the received signal Rk mapped to the kth symbol.
Meanwhile, the Zk output from the calculator 105 becomes a first soft decision value A(Sk,0) of the received signal Rk mapped to the kth symbol.
According to the foregoing description, a conventional soft decision value calculator using the dual minimum metric procedure realized by Equation (5) needs ten or more squaring operations and comparison operations. However, the novel calculator of FIG. 4 realized using Equation (10) to Equation (12) is comprised of 3 adders, 3 multipliers, and 4 multiplexers, contributing to a remarkable reduction in operation time and complexity of the calculator. Table 7 below illustrates a comparison made between Equation (5) and Equations (10) to (12) in terms of the type and number of operations, for iε {0.1,2}.
Table 7
(Table Removed)
In sum, the present invention derives Table 6 to Table 11 from Equation (6) to Equation (8) and the process of Table 1 to Table 5, in order to reduce a time delay and complexity, which may occur when Equation (4), the known dual minimum metric procedure, or Equation (5), obtained by simplifying the dual minimum metric procedure, is actually realized using the 16-ary QAM. Further, the present invention provides Equation (9) and Equation (10), new formulas used to realize the dual minimum metric procedure in the 16-ary QAM. In addition, the present invention provides a hardware device realized based on Equaiion (9) and Equation (10).
Now. a comparison will be made between a conventional method of calculating a soft decision value A(sk,2) using Equation (5) and a new method of calculating the soft decision value A(slc) using Equation (10). FIG. 5 illustrates a signal constellation having mapping points according to the 8-ary PSK.. for explanation of calculations. Referring to FIG. 5, a 2-dimensional received signal Rk comprised of an in-phase signal component Xk and a quadrature-phase signal component Yk has a coordinate value represented by "x.' Herein, it will be assumed that Xk=-0.6 and Yk=-0.1.
First, a conventional process of calculating a soft decision value A(sk,2) using Equation (5) will be described.
The square of each distance between a received signal Rk and 4 mapping points with sk:=l (i.e.. 4 mapping points under an x-axis in FIG. 5) is first calculated to determine the shortest distance.
The square of a distance from a mapping point "110" = {-0.6-cos(9^/8)}2 + {-0.1-sin(97π/S)}: = 0.185
The square of a distance from a mapping point "111" = {-0.6-
cos(ll7π/8)]2+{-0.1-sin(ll7π/8)}2 = 0.726
The square of a distance from a mapping point "'101" = {-0.6-COS(13Π/S)}2 + {-0.1-sin(13π/8)}2 = 1.644

The square of a distance from a mapping point "100" = {-0.6-COS(15Π/8)}2 + {-0.1-sin(15π/8)}2 = 2.402
Therefore, the minimum value (or the shortest distance from the received signal Rk) |Rk - zk(sk,1=l)|2 is 0.185.
Then, the square of each distance between the received signal Rk and 4 mapping points with Sk,2-0 (i.e.. 4 mapping points over the x-axis in FIG. 5) is calculated to determine the shortest distance.
The square of a distance from a mapping point "000" = {-0.6-cos(π/8))2 + {-0.1-sin(π/8)}2 = 2.555
The square of a distance from a mapping point "001" = {-0.6-COS(3Π/8)}2 + {-0.1-sin(3π/8)}2 = 2.014
The square of a distance from a mapping point 6h0l i" = {-0.6-COS(5Π/8)}2 + {-0.1-sin(5π/8)}2:= 1.096
The square of a distance from a mapping point "010" = {-0.6-COS(7Π/8)}2 + {-0.1-sin(7π/8)}2 = 0.338
Therefore, the minimum distance of Rk - zk(sk,2=l)2 is 0.338.
If the above results are substituted into Equation (5), then the soft decision value becomes
= Kx(0.185-9.338) =0.153xK'
Next, a new process of calculating a soft decision value A(sk-2) using Equation (10) will be described.
Zk and a are first calculated.
Zk=|Xk|-|Ykhl-0.6l-l-0.11=0.5
From this, since Zk>05 i.e., MSB(Zfc)=09 a=0.
If the above results are substituted into Equation (10), then the soft decision value becomes
A(^2) = V2y4+a-Z;=V2x(-0.1) + 0x0.5 = -0.141
Here, the reason that the result of Equation (5) is different from the result of Equation (10) is because a soft decision value calculated by Equation (9) was
normalized by K(√(2+ √2) -√{2-√2)). In the case of a turbo decoder using a
max-logMAP core (currently, both L3QS and lxTREME use max-logMAP core), normalizing all LLR values (or soft values) using the same coefficient never affects performance.
If a coefficient is actually multiplied to calculate a non-normalized value, then
(Equation Removed)
It is noted that the calculated non-normalized value is identical to the result of Equation (5).
Summarizing, in order to reduce a time delay and complexity caused by the use of the dual minimum metric procedure of Equation (5), the present invention draws the mapping tables of Table 4 to Table 6 through the process of Equation (6) to Equation (9) and Table 1 to Table 3. Further, the present invention substitutes the mapping tables into Equation (10) to Equation (12), the dual minimum metric procedure realizing formulas. In addition, the present invention provides a logic circuit of a calculator for calculating 8-ary PSK soft decision values, realized by Equation (10) to Equation (12).
As described above, in deriving a soft decision value needed as an input
to a channel decoder by the dual minimum metric procedure, the novel demodulator for a digital communication system employing 8-ary PSK modulation enables simple and rapid calculations, contributing to a remarkable reduction in an operation time and complexity of the demodulator that calculates soft decision values.
While the invention has been shown and described with reference to a certain preferred embodiment thereof, it will be understood by those skilled in the art that various changes in form and details may be made therein without departing from the spirit and scope of the invention as defined by the appended claims.






We Claim:-
1. An apparatus for demodulating an 8 ary PSK (Phase Shift Keying) modulated signal RK (XK, YK) comprised of a kth quadrature-phase component YK and a kth in-phase component XK , and for generating soft decision values A(Sk, 0), A(SK, 1), and A(Sk, 2), for the input signal Rk(XK, YK), comprising:
a received signal analyzer for calculating a function Zk of the input signal Rk(XK, YK) according to an equation Zk= [ XK [-] [YK], and determining a first parameter a and a second parameter ß by the input signal; and
a soft decision value output unit for calculating the soft decision values for the input signal Rk(Xk, YK), using the first parameter a, the second parameter ß, and the received signal Rk(Xk, YK), by using the equations (10), (11), (12) as herein described
where A (Sk, 1), indicates a soft decision value corresponding to Sk, 1 (i=0, 1, 2), and Sk, 1 indicates an ith bit in a coded signal sequence mapped to a kth symbol.

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528-delnp-2003-abstract.pdf

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528-delnp-2003-complete specification (as files).pdf

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528-DELNP-2003-Correspondence-Others-(23-12-2010).pdf

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528-delnp-2003-form-3.pdf

528-delnp-2003-form-5.pdf

528-delnp-2003-gpa.pdf

528-delnp-2003-pct-101.pdf

528-delnp-2003-pct-210.pdf

528-delnp-2003-pct-220.pdf

528-delnp-2003-pct-304.pdf

528-delnp-2003-pct-308.pdf

528-delnp-2003-petition-137.pdf


Patent Number 249576
Indian Patent Application Number 528/DELNP/2003
PG Journal Number 44/2011
Publication Date 04-Nov-2011
Grant Date 27-Oct-2011
Date of Filing 08-Apr-2003
Name of Patentee SAMSUNG ELECTRONICS CO., LTD
Applicant Address 416, MAETAN-DONG, PALDAL-GU, SUWON-SHI, KYUNGKI-DO, KYUNGKI-DO, KOREA.
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 HA, SANG-HYUCK 488, KOKBANJONG-DONG, KWONSON-GU, SUWON-SHI, KYONGGI-DO, KOREA.
2 KIM, MIN-GOO #822-406, YOUNGTONG-DONG, PALTAL-GU, SUWON-SHI, KYONGGI-DO, KOREA.
PCT International Classification Number H04L 27/22
PCT International Application Number PCT/KR02/01546
PCT International Filing date 2002-08-13
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 2001-48921 2001-08-14 Republic of Korea