Title of Invention

A DEVICE TO BE FITTED ON THE VEHICLE WHEEL IN ORDER TO INCREASE THE FRICTION BETWEEN THE WHEEL AND THE ROAD SURFACE

Abstract A device to be fitted on a vehicle wheel (1) in order to increase the friction between the wheel and the road surface during winter conditions, comprises a belt (3) made substantially from a textile material that can encircle the tread (4) of the wheel (1) and be held in place by means of flexible inner and outer side portions (5,8). The inner side portion (5) is tightened on the inner side of the wheel by means of an elastic member (7). Textile material is exposed on the outer side of the belt (3). The belt 3 can be made substantially of a woven polyamide material. The outer side portion (8) of the device (2) can be fully covering or be provided with one or more openings, and may in addition be provided with radially extending straps (9) in order to facilitate fitting the device (2) to the vehicle wheel (1) or removing it therefrom.
Full Text FORM 2
THE PATENTS ACT 1970
[39 OF 1970]
&
THE PATENTS RULES, 2003
COMPLETE SPECIFICATION
[See Section 10; rule 13]
"A DEVICE TO BE FITTED ON THE VEHICLE WHEEL"
AUTOSOCK AS, a Norwegian Company, of P.O. Box 1159 Sentrum, N-0107 Oslo, Norway,

*"ff8Al. C«"
The following specification particularly describes the invention and the manner in which it is to be performed:

1
A GLIDING PREVENTER FOR VEHICLE WHEELS
The present invention relates to a device to be fitted on a vehicle wheel of a predetermined size in order to increase
5 the friction between the wheel and the road surface during winter conditions, comprising a belt made substantially from textile material and intended to encircle the tread of the wheel and be held in place by means of flexible inner and outer side portions which, at least on the inner side of the
10 wheel, is tightened by means of an elastic member.
Such a device is known from US 2,682,907,Figures 1-3. This known device is symmetrical about its middle plane and is made from a single piece of coarse canvas, which is
15 folded over so that along either of the two outer edges a continuous pocket is formed which receives an elastic member in the form of a helical spring.
The middle portion of the device, which is supposed to con
20. stitute the belt to come into contact with the road surface, is by means of glue provided with a coating of aluminium oxide impregnated with abrasive particles in order to substantially increase the friction against the road surface.
25
A purpose of the present invention is to provide a device mentioned in the introductory paragraph, which is simple and inexpensive to manufacture and easy to install, while providing good gripping ability on snow and ice. The device
30 according to the invention is characterized in that textile material is exposed on the outer side of the belt.
The use of an oversize, in which case the internal circumference of the belt is made at least 4% larger than the
35 largest circumference of the wheel, makes it possible to fit the inner side portion over the tread of the wheel to the inner side of the wheel along such a long part of the circumference of the wheel not being in contact with the

2
road surface that, when the wheel thereafter is rotated, e.g. by attempting to drive the car forwards or backwards, the remaining part of the inner side portion will assume its place on the inner side of the wheel and pull the belt
5 in place along the tread of the wheel.
A second purpose of the invention is to provide a device of the type mentioned in the introductory paragraph which will not be able to shift on the wheel so that dangerous driving
10 situations occur.
This is obtained according to the invention by the outer side portion of the device being shaped so that it will not be able to jump over the wheel to the inner side thereof.
15 Here, the outer side portion may e.g. cover the entire
outer side of the wheel, or it may be provided with one or more openings, the largest circumference of such an opening being less than 2.2 times the largest diameter of the wheel. Where the outer side portion is so narrow that its
20 opening becomes larger than this, the opening can be limited by means of radially extending straps. These straps may also be suitable as gripping means when the device is to be removed from the wheel after use.
25 Further advantageous features of the invention will appear from the following description of the exemplifying embodiments schematically shown on the dependent drawings, wherein:
30 Figures 1A,B,C are a perspective view of a vehicle wheel provided with a first device according to the invention seen from the outside, a perspective view of the wheel in Figure 1A seen from the inner side, and a partial radial cross-section through the wheel in Figure 1A, respectively;
35
Figures 2A,B,C are views similar to Figures 1A,B,C of a second embodiment of the invention, except that the wheel is removed from Figures 2A and 2B;

3
Figures 3A,B,C are views similar to Figures 2A,B,C of a third embodiment according to the invention; and
5 Figures 4A,B to 7A,B are views similar to Figures 2A and 2B of a fourth to seventh embodiment, respectively, of the device according to the invention.
In the various embodiments shown in the above mentioned
10 figures, the same reference numerals have been used on like or corresponding parts.
Figures 1A-C shows a vehicle wheel 1 provided with a first embodiment of the device according to the invention. This
15 device 2 comprises a belt 3 which is to encircle the tread 4 of the wheel, with a certain clearance therebetween over at least a part of the portion of the belt 3 which is not located between the wheel and the road surface. This clearance results from the inner circumference of the belt
20 being 4 - 10%, preferably 5-6% larger than the largest
circumference of the wheel 1. The belt 3 may consist of a textile material, preferably made of a polymer. A woven textile of polyamide has turned out to be particularly suitable, combining high strength with very good adhesion
25 to a snow covered surface. One such material is commercially available under the trade name Cordura 1000.
On the side of the belt 3 facing the tread of the wheel 4 its textile material may advantageously be coated with a
30 suitable plastic, e.g. polyurethane rubber, in order to
strengthen and stabilise the material and reduce the friction against the tread of the wheel.
Even though a woven textile has been found suitable as belt
35 material, it will be understood that also other materials can turn out to be suitable, e.g. more or less stabilised felt materials. It will also be understood that the outer side of the belt may be provided with a friction increasing

4
coating. The device according to the invention can be made reversible, the belt on one side having a surface which is suitable for driving on snow, while the other side has a surface for better gripping ability on ice.
5
Furthermore, the device 2 is provided with an inner side portion 5 which in the embodiment shown consists of a lighter and more flexible textile material than the belt 3 and which is sewn or in another suitable way is attached to
10 the belt 3 along one of its longitudinal edges. The inner side portion may on its inside advantageously be provided with a low friction coating, preferably silicone polymer, butadiene rubber, neoprene rubber, PVC or similar polymer. Such a low friction coating makes it easier to fit the de-
15 vice 2 in place on the wheel 1 during the mounting.
The free edge of the inner side portion 5 is provided with a longitudinal pocket 6, in which an elastic element 7 is placed, here in the form of a multi-thread rubber band cov-
20 ered by a sheathing spun of relatively smooth thread material. The purpose of the sheathing is, firstly, to reduce the stretchability of the rubber band and, secondly, to reduce the friction between the rubber band and the inside of the pocket 6. The low friction on this point is important
25 for the unhindered adaptation of the rubber band in the
pocket 6 when the rubber band is stretched during the fitting of the device onto the tire and for reducing the potentially destructive friction forces when the pocket with the rubber band is driven over by the wheel 1 during the
30 last phase of the fitting of the device 2. (It will be understood that the spring shown in US 2,682,907 and its pocket easily will be damaged if it were to be driven over in such a way.)
35 From Figure 1A it appears that on its outer side the device 2 is provided with a fully covering side portion 8. It is also made of a partly coated textile material, e.g. of the type Cordura, but in a lighter quality than the belt 3.

5
The outer side portion is provided with two diametrically extending orthogonal straps 9, which in addition to being attached to the outer side portion and possibly also the belt 3 at their ends, also are attached to each other and
5 to the middle of the outer side portion 8. The straps 9 serve the purpose of facilitating removal of the device 2 after use and will, in addition, have a reinforcing effect. It will be understood that the straps 9 may be arranged in different numbers, e.g. three radial straps may be used.
10 The straps may also advantageously be made of a polymer so that the entire device 2 will consist of materials that neither rust nor rot if it is stored in a wet condition.
In figures 2A-C there is shown a second exemplifying em-
15 bodiment of a device according to the invention. The belt 3 and the inner side portion 5 are here' made of one and the same piece of textile material. The elastic member 7 is constituted by a band which is woven, spun or knitted from a rubber elastic thread material and a substantially in-
16 20 elastic thread material, so that the latter thread material limits the extendability of the elastic member 7. The band can have a width of about 5 cm and be of a type which is used for suspenders or belts. The band is doubled and is in tensioned condition sewn to the free edge of the inner
17 25 side portion 5. This avoids a pocket with a concealed rubber band that cannot be inspected for damage or wear.
In this case the outer side portion 8 has a relatively large central opening. However, the free edge 10 of the
30 side portion 8 has a circumference that is less than 2.2
times the largest diameter of the wheel 1 for which the device is to be used. Considering that the tread 4 of the wheel is about 20% of the diameter of the wheel, an opening limited in this way will not be able to jump over the wheel
35 to bring the device in its entirety on the inner side of the wheel. The free edge 10 can be reinforced in a suitable manner.

6
In the third exemplifying embodiment illustrated in Figures 3A-C the belt 3 is made of two layers of textile material, e.g. the Cordura 1000 mentioned above, coated with polyure-thane rubber on one side. Here the layers are placed so
5 that the sides coated with polyurethane rubber face each other in the middle portion of the belt. The outer layer will thereby have the possibility of sliding somewhat against the inner layer, the effect being to reduce the strains on the belt when driving on an uneven surface, e.g.
10 over sharp stones.
Here, the inner and outer side portions 5, 8 are sewn to the belt 3 and consist of a textile material of a lighter quality than the belt. The elastic member 7 is a band as
15 described above in connection with the second exemplifying embodiment.
Figures 4A,B show an exemplifying embodiment similar to that of Figures 3A-C, except that the outer side portion 8
20 is provided with two crossed straps 9, as is also shown in connection with Figure 1A.
In the fifth exemplifying embodiment shown in Figures 5A,B the outer side portion 8 is essentially fully covering, but
25 is provided with four openings 11 which are large enough to serve as grips when the device 2 is to be stabilised during mounting or pulled off after use.
Figures 6A,B shows an exemplifying embodiment where the
30 belt 3 and the inner side portion 5 is constituted by one
and the same textile material, while the outer side portion 8 is fully covering.
The exemplifying embodiment in Figures 7A,B has its staring
35 point in the example of Figures 6A,B, but the outer side portion 8 is provided with ventilation holes 12 along the outer edge and also two crossed straps 9. During driving the outer side portion 8 may have a tendency to act as a

7
centrifugal pump so that the device 2 is inflated. This effect may be advantageous when driving in loose snow because the air blown out along the free edge of the inner side portion 5 prevents the snow from penetrating into the
5 device 2. If, on the other hand it is desirable that the device cling closer to the wheel, e.g. in case of narrow space conditions in the wheel well, the ventilation holes 12 may be advantageous.
10 Further development of the invention has suggested that the outer side portion of the device preferably may be made from a netting material, thus obviating any additional ventilation holes. For example, the netting may be made of PVC coated 1100 dtex polyester multifilament material. The
15 netting openings may have an opening side length of 2-7 mm, preferably about 4 mm. Furthermore, there is reason to believe that polyester may be a suitable material also for the belt 3 of the device according to the invention. One envisions a belt of a multilayer construction, the outer
20 surface comprising polyester multifilament yarn oriented crosswise to the circumferential direction of the belt. The yarn may have a fineness of about 1100 dtex, and the layer construction pattern could be 4-shed broken twill.
25 Furthermore, it is envisioned that the multilayer construction has an inner layer with a colour or colour pattern which is different from that of the outer layer or layers. Such a differently coloured inner layer, which may be made of polyester or polyamide, will appear when the outer lay-
30 ers are worn through and thereby serve as a wear indicator helping to prevent the situation where the device would separate in the circumferential direction into two parts.
Finally, it is envisioned that the outer and inner layers
35 of the belt are interconnected by a common yarn system in said circumferential direction. Also in this case a yarn of polyester multifilament of about 1100 dtex is expected to be suitable.

8
It will be understood that according to the invention, a device has been provided which is simple and inexpensive to produce. It is environmentally desirable since it does not cause noise and vibrations or wear on the road surface dur-
5 ing use and also since it is made of recyclable materials. The device provides good gripping ability on dry and wet snow and ice, even better than a good studded tire. It is very simple to fit onto and remove from the wheel, and it is comfortable to handle even in cold weather. Even though
10 the device primarily is intended for use in difficult driving situations of a temporary nature, it has proven itself to be very durable. Thus, a prototype mounted on the driven wheels of a vehicle was driven a distance of 30 km at speeds varying between 60 and 70 km per hour, mostly on
15 dry asphalt, which gives the highest wear. Both devices kept stably in place and were intact after the driving. Nevertheless, should the entire or parts of the device for one reason or another fall off during driving, due to its limited weight and soft character it will not do much dam-
20 age to the vehicle or the surroundings. It will also be understood that the device according to the invention is not limited to the exemplifying embodiments described above, but that it may be modified and varied by the skilled person within the scope of the appended claims.
25

CLAIMS
1. A device to be fitted on a vehicle wheel (1) of a predetermined size in order to increase the friction between
5 the wheel and the road surface during winter conditions, comprising a belt (3) made substantially from textile material and intended to encircle the tread (4) of the wheel (1) and be held in place by means of flexible inner and outer side portions (5,8) which, at least on the inner side
10 of the wheel, is tightened by means of an elastic member (7), characterized in that textile material is exposed on the outer side of the belt (3).
2. A device according to claim 1, characterized in that
15 the outer side portion (8) is designed so as to prevent it from jumping over the wheel (1) to the inside thereof.
3. A device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the outer side portion (8) is designed
20 to cover substantially the outer side of the wheel (1) and that it preferably is made of a netting material preferably comprising a PVC coated 1100 dtex polyester multifilament material and having a netting opening of 2 - 7 mm, preferably about 4 mm.
25
4. A device according to claim 2, characterized that the outer side portion (8) has at least one opening, the largest circumference (10) of such an opening being less than 2.2 times the largest diameter of the wheel (1).
30
5. A device according to one of the preceding claims,
characterized in that the outer side portion (8) is provided with radially extending straps (9).

35 6. A device according to one of the preceding claims, characterized in that the elastic member (7) comprises a rubber-elastic material which is covered by spinning about it, or is spun, woven or knitted together with, a substan-

10
tially inelastic thread material, said thread material limiting the extensibility of the elastic member (7).
7. A device according to one of the preceding claims
5 characterized in that the belt (3) consists mostly of a
polymer textile material, preferably a woven polyamide.
8. A device according to one of the preceding claims,
characterized in that the belt (3) comprises two layers of
10 textile material which, preferably on one side, is coated with a suitable plastic, e.g. polyurethane rubber, the two layers being arranged so that the plastic coatings contact one another.
15 9. A device according to any one of claims 1-7,
characterized in that the belt (3) is of a multilayer construction, the outer surface comprising polyester-multifilament yarn oriented crosswise to the circumferential direction of the belt (3), and preferably having a fineness
20 of about 1100 dtex, the layer construction pattern preferably being 4-shed broken twill.
10. A device according to claim 9,
characterized in that the multilayer construction has an
25 inner layer of a colour different from that of an outer
layer and preferably being made of a polyester or polyamide multifilament material.
11. A device according to claim 9 or 10,
30 characterized in that the outer and inner layers are
interconnected by a common yarn system in said circumferential direction, preferably comprising a polyester multifilament of about 1100 dtex.
35 12. A device according to one of the preceding claims,
characterized in that the inside of the inner side portion (5) is coated by a low friction coating, preferably a



silicone polymer, butadiene rubber, neoprene rubber, PVC or similar polymer.

12
ABSTRACT
A device to be fitted on a vehicle wheel (1) in order to increase the friction between the wheel and the road surface during winter conditions, comprises a belt (3) made substantially from a textile material that can encircle the tread (4) of the wheel (1) and be held in place by means of flexible inner and outer side portions (5,8). The inner side portion (5) is tightened on the inner side of the wheel by means of an elastic member (7). Textile material is exposed on the outer side of the belt (3). The belt 3 can be made substantially of a woven polyamide material. The outer side portion (8) of the device (2) can be fully covering or be provided with one or more openings, and may in addition be provided with radially extending straps (9) in order to facilitate fitting the device (2) to the vehicle wheel (1) or removing it therefrom.

Documents:

921-mum-2006- abstract.doc

921-MUM-2006-ABSTRACT(3-8-2010).pdf

921-MUM-2006-ABSTRACT(7-7-2011).pdf

921-MUM-2006-ABSTRACT(GRANTED)-(5-10-2011).pdf

921-mum-2006-abstract.pdf

921-MUM-2006-CANCELLED PAGES(7-7-2011).pdf

921-MUM-2006-CLAIMS(AMENDED)-(3-8-2010).pdf

921-MUM-2006-CLAIMS(AMENDED)-(7-7-2011).pdf

921-MUM-2006-CLAIMS(GRANTED)-(5-10-2011).pdf

921-MUM-2006-CLAIMS(MARKED COPY)-(7-7-2011).pdf

921-mum-2006-claims.doc

921-mum-2006-claims.pdf

921-MUM-2006-CORRESPONDENCE(14-1-2011).pdf

921-mum-2006-correspondence(16-11-2006).pdf

921-MUM-2006-CORRESPONDENCE(28-6-2011).pdf

921-MUM-2006-CORRESPONDENCE(6-5-2009).pdf

921-MUM-2006-CORRESPONDENCE(8-11-2006).pdf

921-mum-2006-correspondence(ipo)-(15-1-2010).pdf

921-MUM-2006-CORRESPONDENCE(IPO)-(5-10-2011).pdf

921-mum-2006-correspondence-recieved.pdf

921-mum-2006-description (complete).pdf

921-MUM-2006-DESCRIPTION(GRANTED)-(5-10-2011).pdf

921-MUM-2006-DRAWING(3-8-2010).pdf

921-MUM-2006-DRAWING(GRANTED)-(5-10-2011).pdf

921-mum-2006-drawings.pdf

921-MUM-2006-FORM 1(13-6-2006).pdf

921-MUM-2006-FORM 1(3-8-2010).pdf

921-mum-2006-form 13(6-5-2009).pdf

921-mum-2006-form 18(16-11-2006).pdf

921-MUM-2006-FORM 2(GRANTED)-(5-10-2011).pdf

921-MUM-2006-FORM 2(TITLE PAGE)-(13-6-2006).pdf

921-MUM-2006-FORM 2(TITLE PAGE)-(3-8-2010).pdf

921-MUM-2006-FORM 2(TITLE PAGE)-(GRANTED)-(5-10-2011).pdf

921-mum-2006-form 3(13-6-2006).pdf

921-MUM-2006-FORM 3(3-8-2010).pdf

921-mum-2006-form 5(13-6-2006).pdf

921-mum-2006-form-1.pdf

921-mum-2006-form-2.doc

921-mum-2006-form-2.pdf

921-mum-2006-form-3.pdf

921-mum-2006-form-5.pdf

921-MUM-2006-OTHER DOCUMENT(9-7-2010).pdf

921-MUM-2006-PETITION UNDER RULE 137(3-8-2010).pdf

921-MUM-2006-POWER OF ATTORNEY(3-8-2010).pdf

921-MUM-2006-POWER OF AUTHORITY(7-7-2011).pdf

921-MUM-2006-REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT(3-8-2010).pdf

921-MUM-2006-REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT(9-7-2010).pdf

921-MUM-2006-REPLY TO HEARING(7-7-2011).pdf

921-MUM-2006-SPECIFICATION(AMENDED)-(3-8-2010).pdf

921-MUM-2006-WO INTERNATIONAL PUBLICATION REPORT(13-6-2006).pdf


Patent Number 249155
Indian Patent Application Number 921/MUM/2006
PG Journal Number 40/2011
Publication Date 07-Oct-2011
Grant Date 05-Oct-2011
Date of Filing 13-Jun-2006
Name of Patentee AUTOSOCK AS
Applicant Address OF P. O. BOX 1159 SENTRUM, N-0107 OSLO,
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 BARD LOTVEIT OF GAMLE KIRKEBVEJ 18, N-3941 KLOKKARSTUA, NORWAY,
PCT International Classification Number B60C27/00
PCT International Application Number PCT/N000/00013
PCT International Filing date 2000-04-06
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 19991631 1999-04-06 Norway