Title of Invention

RECORDING MEDIUM AND METHOD AND APPARATUS FOR RECORDING/ REPRODUCING MANAGEMENT INFORMATION/ DATA ON/ FROM THE RECORDING MEDIUM

Abstract The invention relates to a method for recording management information on a recording medium, the recording medium including a first management area being used before finalizing the recording medium and a second management area being used after finalizing the recording medium, the method comprising recording, by an apparatus attempting to record/reproduce data, updated management information and temporary disc definition structure (TDDS) in the first management area, the temporary disc definition structure (TDDS) including first position information on the updated management information recorded in the first management area and second position information being reserved for indicating a valid defect list and recording, by the apparatus, information recorded in the first management area into as final management information into the second management area when the recording medium is to be finalized, the final management information including at least one defect list and record state information of the recording medium, wherein the recording step includes storing, by the apparatus, in the second management area, the second position information to indicate a position of the valid defect list from among the at least one defect list recorded in the second management area.
Full Text Technical Field
The present invention relates to a write-once optical disc and a method
and apparatus for recording/reproducing data on/from the write-once
optical disc, and more particularly, to a method and apparatus for
recording final management information in a defect management area
of the write-once disc and a method and apparatus for utilizing the
same to perform recording/reproducing for the write-once optical disc.
Background Art
As an optical recording medium, optical discs on which high-capacity
data can be recorded are widely being used. Among them, a new high-
density optical recording medium (HD-DVD), for example, a Blu-ray
disc, has been recently developed for recording and storing high-
definition video data and high-quality audio data for a long term period.
The Blu-ray disc is the next generation HD-DVD technology and the
next generation optical recording solution, and has an excellent
capability to store data more than the existing DVDs. Recently, a
technical specification of international standard for HD-DVD has been
established.
Related with this, various standards for a write-once Blu-ray disc (BD-
WO) are being prepared following the standards for a rewritable Blu-ray
disc (BD-RE).
FIG. 1 schematically illustrates the structure of a recording area of a

rewritable BD-RE. The BD-RE shown in FIG. 1 is a single layer disc
having one recording layer. The disc includes from the inner periphery
thereof a lead-in area, a data area and a lead-out area. The data area
is provided with an inner spare area (ISAO) and an outer spare area
(OSAO) respectively disposed at the inner and outer peripheries to
replace defective areas on the disc, and a user data area for recording
user data therein and provided between the spare areas.
As data is recorded on the rewritable blue-ray disc (BD-RE), if there
exists a defective area in the user data area, data recorded in the
defective area is transferred to and recorded in a portion of the spare
area such as the ISAO or OSAO. This portion of the spare area is also
known as a replacement area. Additionally, the position information of
the defective area and the position information of the corresponding
replacement area are recorded in defect management areas pMAl ~
DMA4) provided in the lead-in/out areas to perform defect management.
The BD-RE has a cluster as a minimal recording part recorded thereon.
One cluster is composed of total 32 sectors, and one sector is composed
of 2048 bytes. In particular, the BD-RE allocates and uses 32 clusters
as the defect management area (DMA).
Since rewriting of data can be performed in any area of the rewritable
disc, the entire area of the disc can be used randomly irrespective of
the specific recording manner. Also, since the defect management
information can be written, erased and rewritten repeatedly even in the
defect management areas pMAs), it does not matter even though only
a small size of the defect management area is provided.
FIG. 2 illustrates the structure of a DMA in the BD-RE of FIG. 1. Each

of the DMA1 through DMA4 has the structure shown in FIG. 2. In this
regard, defect management information stored in the DMA1 is recorded
also in each of the other DMAs (DMA2, DMA3 and DMA4) so that this
information is not lost and is available even if one of the DMAs becomes
defective.
As shown in FIG. 2, in the rewritable single layer disc (BD-RE), one
DMA is composed of total 32 clusters. Four heading clusters (Cluster 1
~ Cluster 4) of the DMA are provided as an area in which disc definition
structure (DDS) information is repeatedly recorded four times, one
cluster for one DDS. Remaining Clusters 5 to 32 are provided as an
area in which a defect list (DFL) is recorded seven times, four clusters
for one DFL.
A variety of information required for disc management is recorded in
the DDS, which includes position information {Pointer DFL, hereinafter
referred to as "P_DFL") for mforming a position of a valid DFL.
Accordingly, in case that a recording/reproducing apparatus intends to
record and manage the defective area of the disc as the DFL, the DFL is
recorded at a 1* position of DFL (Cluster 5 to Cluster 8) of the DMA,
and the position information (PJDFL) on the DFL is recorded in the
DDS. Hereafter, if a new DFL is to be recorded, the new DFL is
overwritten at the 1st position of DFL (Cluster 5 to Cluster 8).
However, in case that the above procedure is continuously performed,
the 1st position of DFL (area in which the DFL is recorded) may become
a damaged area. At this time, the new DFL is recorded at a valid 2nd
position of DFL (Cluster 9 to Cluster 12) of the DMA, and the position
information on this new DFL (New PJDFL) is recorded in the DDS.

Accordingly, 3"1 to 7th positions of DFLs (Cluster 13 to Cluster 32) of
the DMA first remain to be in the unrecorded state in which recording
has not yet been made, and then are sequentially recorded with the
next new DFL. For instance, if the 2nd position of DFL is damaged, the
DFL is newly recorded at the 3"* position of DFL (Cluster 13 to Custer
16), and the position information on this new DFL (New P_DFL) is
recorded in the DDS.
FIG. 3 illustrates the structure of a dual layer BD-RE having two
recording layers (Layers 0 and 1). The disc has four DMAs (DMA 1 ~
DMA4) each having total 64 clusters. Two DMA parts in the Layers 0
and 1 constitute one DMA. For instance, the DMA 1 is composed of the
two DMA parts ("DMA1" and "DMA1") in the Layers 0 and 1.
FIG. 4 illustrates the structure of each defect management area of the
dual layer BD-RE of FIG. 3. As in the single layer BD-RE, the same
information is recorded in each DMA, and each DMA includes a DDS
recorded in each of Clusters 1 - 4, a reserved area at Clusters 5 ~ 8,
and Clusters 9 - 64 for recording the DFLs. In the dual layer disc of
FIG. 4, recording is made on the basis of the same concept as that of
the recording method of the single layer DMA of FIG. 2, but differs in
that one DFL is recorded with 8 clusters {e.g., Clusters 9 to 16) and
that the reserved area is provided between the DDS (Clusters 1 to 4)
and the DFL (Clusters 9 to 64). Clusters 9 to 64 are provided as an
area in which the DFL is recorded for seven times, 8 clusters for one
DFL recording.
In the above rewritable disc, overwriting can be made in any one of the
recording areas of the disc such that a recording manner is not much

limited. However, in a write-once disc, since writing can be made only
once on any area on the disc, the recording manner is not only much
limited, but also the defect management becomes an important matter
especially when data is recorded on a high-density write-once disc such
as a BD-WO.
Accordingly, there is a need for a method of recording and managing
defect management information in a write-once optical disc such as a
BD-WO, which takes into consideration the characteristics of the disc
such as the write-once characteristic. Further, a case in which
recording can be performed on the disc should be generally
distinguished from a "final" case in which recording is no longer
performed. And in such cases, a method of recording and managing the
defect management information is needed.
Since any currently published regulation on the existing write-once
optical discs (e.g., CD-R, DVD-R) does not address a case in which the
defect management is performed, a new unified regulation on defect
management for the new write-once optical discs is urgently needed to
address the above-mentioned requirements associated with the disc.
Disclosure of Invention
Accordingly, the present invention is directed to a write-once optical
disc, and a method and apparatus for recording final management
information on the optical disc, which substantially obviate one or more
problems due to limitations and disadvantages of the related art.
An object of the present invention is to provide a write-once optical disc
structure for efficiently performing defect management.

Another object of the present invention is to provide a method for recording final
management information in a defect management area when data is no longer recorded
on a write-once optical disc, e.g., when the optical disc is finalized.
A further another object of the present invention is to provide a recording and
reproducing method for an optical disc, which vary depending on whether or not the
optical disc is finalized.
Additional advantages, objects, and features of the invention will be set forth in part in
the description which follows and in part will become apparent to those having ordinary
skill in the art upon examination of the following or may be learned from practice of the
invention. The objectives and other advantages of the invention may be realized and
attained by the structure particularly pointed out in the written description as well as the
appended drawings.
According to an aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method for
recording management information on a recording medium, the recording medium
including a first management area being used before finalizing the recording medium and
a second management area being used after finalizing the recording medium, the method
comprising recording, by an apparatus attempting to record/reproduce data, updated
management information and temporary disc definition structure (TDDS) in the first
management area, the temporary disc definition structure including first position
information on the updated management information recorded in the first management
area and second position information being reserved for indicating a valid defect list and
recording, by the apparatus, information recorded in the first management area into as
final management information into the second management area when the recording

medium is to be finalized, the final management information including at least one defect
list and record state information of the recording medium, wherein the recording step
includes storing, by the apparatus, in the second management area, the second position
information to indicate a position of the valid defect list from among the at least one
defect list recorded in the second management area.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a recording
medium comprising at least one recording layer and a first management area being used
before finalizing the recording medium and a second management area being used after
finalizing the recording medium on the at least one recording layer, wherein the first
management area includes updated management information and temporary disc
definition structure (TDDS), the temporary disc definition structure including first
position information on the updated management information recorded in the first
management area and second position information being reserved for indicating a valid
defect list, wherein the second management area includes latest management information
recorded in the first management area as part of final management information when the
recording medium is to be finalized, and wherein the final management information
includes at least one defect list, record state information of the recording medium, and the
second position information to indicate a position of the valid defect list from among the
at least one defect list recorded in the second management area.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an
apparatus for recording final management information on a recording medium, the
recording medium including a first management area being used before finalizing the
recording medium and a second management area being used after finalizing the

recording medium, the apparatus comprising an optical pickup configured to
record/reproduce data in/from the recording medium and a control unit configured to
control the optical pickup to record updated management information and temporary disc
definition structure (TDDS) in the first management area, the temporary disc definition
structure including first position information on the updated management information
recorded in the first management area and second position information being reserved for
indicating a valid defect list and to record latest management information recorded in the
first management area into the second management area as part of final management
information when the recording medium is to be finalized, wherein the final management
information includes at least one defect list, record state information, and the second
position information to indicate a position of the valid defect list from among the at least
one defect list recorded in the second management area.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided a method
of reproducing data from a recording medium, the recording medium including a first
management area being used before finalizing the recording medium and a second
management area being used after finalizing the recording medium, the method
comprising reading, by an apparatus attempting to record/reproduce data, updated
management information based on temporary disc definition structure (TDDS) from the
first management area until the recording medium is finalized, the temporary disc
definition structure including first position information on the updated management
information recorded in the first management area and second position information being
reserved for indicating a valid defect list reading, by the apparatus, at least one valid
defect list from among the final defect management information recorded in the second

management area based on the second position information indicating a position of at
least one valid defect list, the final management information including at least one defect
list and record state information of the recording medium after the recording medium is
finalized and reproducing, by the apparatus, the data from the recording medium based
on the at least one valid defect list and the record state information.
According to another aspect of the present invention, there is provided an
apparatus for reproducing data from a recording medium, the recording medium
including a first management area being used before finalizing the recording medium and
a second management area being used after finalizing the recording medium, the
apparatus comprising an optical pickup to record/reproduce data in/from the recording
medium and a control unit configured to control the optical pickup to read updated
management information from the first management area based on temporary disc
definition structure (TDDS) until the recording medium is finalized, the temporary disc
definition structure including first position information on the updated management
information recorded in the first management area and second position information being
reserved for indicating a valid defect list, and the control unit configured to control the
optical pickup to read at least one valid defect list from among the final defect
management information recorded in the second management area based on the second
position information indicating a position of at least one valid defect list after the
recording medium is finalized, the final management information including at least one
defect list and record state information of the recording medium and the control unit
configured to reproduce the data from the recording medium based on the at least one
valid defect list and the record state information.

It is to be understood that both the foregoing general description and the following
detailed description of the present invention are exemplary and explanatory and are
intended to provide further explanation of the invention as claimed.
Brief Description of the Accompanying Drawings
The accompanying drawings, which are included to provide a further understanding of
the invention and are incorporated in and constitute a part of this application, illustrate
embodiment(s) of the invention and together with the description serve to explain the
principle of the invention. In the drawings:
FIG. 1 is a schematic view illustrating the structure of a single layer BD-RE according to
a related art;
FIG. 2 is a view illustrating the structure of a DMA in the BD-RE of FIG. 1 according to
a related art;
FIG. 3 is a schematic view illustrating the structure of a dual layer BD-RE according to a
related art;
FIG. 4 is a view illustrating the structure of a DMA in the BD-RE of FIG. 3 according to
a related art;
FIG. 5 is a view illustrating the structure of a single layer write-once

optical disc according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 6 is a flow chart illustrating a recording/reproducing method for a
write-once optical disc according to an embodiment of the present
invention;
PIG. 7 is a view illustrating the structure of a DMA of the single layer
write-once optical disc of FIG. 5 according to an embodiment of the
present invention;
FIG. 8 is a view illustrating the structure of a DMA of the single layer
write-once optical disc of FIG. 5 according to an embodiment of the
present invention;
FIG. 9 is a view illustrating the structure of a dual layer write-once
optical disc according to an embodiment of the present invention;
FIG. 10 is a view illustrating the structure of a DMA of the dual layer
write-once optical disc of FIG. 9 according to an embodiment of the
present invention;
FIG. 11 is a view illustrating the structure of a DMA of the dual layer
write-once optical disc of FIG. 9 according to an embodiment of the
present invention; and
FIG. 12 is a view illustrating a recording/reproducing apparatus for a
write-once optical disc according to the present invention.
Best mode for Carrying Out the Invention
Reference will now be made in detail to the preferred embodiments of
the present invention, examples of which are illustrated in the
accompanying drawings. Wherever possible, the same reference
numbers will be used throughout the drawings to refer to the same or

like parts.
For description convenience, a write-once optical disc is exemplified as
a Blu-ray disc write-once (BD-WO).
The terminology of the present invention employs generally popularized
terms if possible. However, in a specific case, terms are arbitrarily
selected by the inventor(s). In this case, If the meanings of the terms
are defined in detail in the corresponding descriptions, it is understood
that the invention should be understood with the defined meanings of
the terms, not just in view of the simple names of the terms.
The write-once optical disc according to the present invention not only
includes a spare area for defect management, but also includes a
temporary disc management area (TDMA) for recording management
information therein before the disc is finalized, and a defect management area (DMA) for recording final management information
therein when the disc is finalized.
The detailed description is made as below of the structure of a single
layer write-once optical disc (BD-WO) as shown in FIG. 5 according to
an embodiment of the present invention.
Referring to FIG. 5, the write-once optical disc has a single recording
layer, which includes a lead-in area 60, a data area 70 and a lead-out
area 80. The data area 70 includes an inner spare area ISAO, a user
data area 71, and an outer spare area OSA0.
Since the write-once optical disc by nature has to include many areas
on which a variety of management information of the disc is recorded, it
includes a plurality of Temporary Defect Management Areas or
Temporary Disc Management Areas (hereinafter, referred to as "TDMA"),

and includes a defect management area or a disc management area
(hereinafter, referred to as "DMA") for recording final management
information therein when the disc is finalized. Four DMAs (DMA1 ~
DMA4) are provided in the lead-in and lead-out areas 60 and 80 of the
disc.
As aforementioned, the temporary defect management area TDMA has
general management information as well as defect management
information mixed and recorded therein. The general management
information includes a recorded state of the disc, and the defect
management information is created generally while the disc is used. If
the disc is finalized, the disc is in a state in which recording (e.g., to the
user data area) can be no longer made. Therefore, the management
information from the TDMA is transferred to and recorded in the DMA
as the final management information. Accordingly, the TDMA or DMA is
used depending on whether or not the write-once optical disc is
finalized.
The TDMAs are generally classified into two kinds: primary TDMA
(hereinafter, referred to as "PTDMA") having a fixed size (for example,
2048 clusters) and located in the lead-in area; and additional TDMA
(referred to as "ATDMA") having a variable size and located in the outer
spare area (OSA0) among the spare areas of the data area. They are
respectively named as the PTDMAO and the ATDMAO as examples in
the structure of FIG. 5.
Accordingly, a temporary defect management area (TDMA) of the
present invention can be a PTDMA or an ATDMA. When the terms,
"primary temporary defect management area (PTDMA)" and "additional

temporary defect management area (ATDMA)* are used, it should be
understood that they respectively mean the PTDMA and the ATDMA.
The PTDMAO of a fixed size (e.g., 2048 clusters) is allocated to the lead-
in area 60 inevitably at an initial stage of the disc, and the ATDMAO
can be selectively allocated or may not even be allocated. At the time of
allocating areas on the disc, a size (PI) of the ATDMAO is variously
determined. A specific-rated size (for example, PI - Nl/4) may be
appropriate in view of the size (Nl) of the spare area (OSAO).
That is, the inventive write-once optical disc includes a plurality of the
temporary defect management areas (TDMAs) in addition to the defect
management areas (DMAs). The temporary defect management areas
(TDMAs) include the PTDMA(s) allocated with a fixed size and the
ATDMA(s) allocated to a specific spare area and having a variable size.
The "management information' among the terms used in the present
invention is named and used to include the "defect management
information* and/or the "general management information." The defect
management information includes information for managing a position
of a defective area and a position of a corresponding replacement area
so as to manage the defective area of the disc. The general management
information includes management information, except for the defect
management information of the disc, and is exemplified as information
and the like for distinguishing the recorded area and the un-recorded
area of the disc to represent the recorded state. The write-once optical
disc according to the present invention includes information for
managing whether any area of the disc is a recorded area or an un-
recorded area. Hereinafter, the management information according to

the present invention is described in detail as below.
The same management information is recorded in the PTDMA and the
ATDMA of the disc, but FIG. 5 illustrates in detail only the management
information recorded in the PTDMAO for description convenience.
Still referring to FIG. 5, the management information is mainly
distinguished into three kinds. The first kind, as the defect
management information, is a Temporary Defect List (TDFL) for
recording a defect list to manage the defective areas of the disc. The
second kind, as the general management information, is a Sequential
Recording Range Information (SRRI) and a Space Bit Map (SBM) for
indicating the recorded state of the disc. The third kind is a Temporary
Disc Definition Structure (TDDS) including the defect management and
the general management to record various necessary information of the
disc.
Generally, the SRRI and the SBM are not used at the same time. If a
sequential recording is used on the disc, the SRRI is recorded in the
TDMA (e.g., PTDMAO, ATDMAO, etc.). But if a random recording is
used on the disc, the SBM is recorded in the TDMA. Further, the
management information is recorded in the TDMA whenever updating
is needed. However, since the updated information should be always
recorded in the TDDS, the TDDS is recorded together with the TDFL or
the SRRI (or the SBM) that is always updated. Information recorded in
the TDDS is exemplified as the position information and the like of the
updated TDFL (or SRRI or SBM).
In case that the recording area (i.e., the user data area) of the disc no
longer remains, there is no further recording to the temporary defect

management area, or in case that a user no longer wants to record on
the disc, the disc is finalized. At this time, the updated management
information recorded at last among the management information
recorded in the temporary defect management area (TDMA) is
transferred to and recorded in the defect management area (DMA such
as DMA1) as the final management information. The same
management information is stored in each of the DMA1 ~ DMA4, ie.,
the information stored in one DMA is. an exact duplicate copy of the
information stored in each of the other DMAs.
FIG. 6 is a flow chart illustrating a recording/reproducing method for a
write-once optical disc such as a BD-WO of FIG. 5 according to an
embodiment of the present invention, and particularly illustrates how
data is reproduced with reference to the finalized disc. It should be
noted that the method of FIG. 6 is also equally applicable to BD-WOs to
be discussed later in connection with FIGs. 7-11.
Referring to FIG. 6, at first, it is ascertained whether or not the disc is
to be finalized while data is reproduced from the disc (S10). The disc is
to be finalized, e.g., if the recording area (e.g., user data area) no longer
remains on the disc, if there is no temporary defect management area,
if the user no longer wants to record data on the disc, if a disc finalize
command is received from the user or host, etc. If the disc is finalized,
then no further recording to the user data area occurs.
In case that the disc is not to be finalized at step S10, data is validly
reproduced from the disc (S21), and the generated management
information is repeatedly recorded in the temporary defect management
area(s) (TDMA(s))(S22).

If step S10 determines that the disc is to be finalized, the final
management information is recorded in the defect management area
(DMA). This process is discussed as below.
When the disc is to be finalized, the updated management information
recorded at last (i.e., the latest management information) in the
temporary defect management area (TDMA) is detected and verified
(S31). The management information includes the TDFL, the SRRI (or
SBM), the TDDS and the like as discussed above. Then the latest
management information is transferred from the TDMA (e.g., PTDMA or
ATDMA) to and recorded in the defect management area (e.g., DMA1 or
DMA2 or DMA3 or DMA4) as the final management information of the
disc. Particularly, the latest TDFL is transferred to and recorded in the
DFL area of the DMA as the DFL. The latest TDDS is transferred to and
recorded in the DDS area of the DMA as the DDS. The latest SRRI (or
latest SBM) in the TDMA is transferred to and recorded in the SRRI (or
SBM) area of the DMA. The contents of one DMA are copied into each
of the other DMAs.
When the TDFL is transferred to and recorded in the DFL, it is checked
whether the recorded DFL is valid or damaged (S32) such that only the
position information on the valid DFL area is recorded as the position
information (P_DFL) in the DDS (S33), and after completion of the disc
finalization, only reproduction operation from the disc is enabled (S34).
The process of determining whether a particular disc area is damaged
or defective as in step S32 can be done using existing techniques such
as by examining signal characteristics from the disc area, etc.
In the recording/reproducing method of FIG. 6, steps S32 and S33 of

recording the final management information at the time of disc
finalization are particularly described in detail by referring to FIGs. 7
and 8.
FIG. 7 is a view illustrating the structure of each DMA of the BD-WO
shown in FIG. 5 according to an embodiment of the present invention.
In this embodiment, the position information (P_DFL) that identifies the
position or location of a valid DFL is recorded in one DDS for all valid
DFLs.
Referring to FIG. 7, the DMA has the same size (e.g, 32 clusters) at the
same position of the disc such as the DMA of the BD-RE having one
recording layer as shown in FIG. 2 so as to secure compatibility with
the BD-RE, but the recording manner is different due to the "write-
once" characteristic of the BD-WO as described below.
First of all, when the disc is to be finalized at step S10 of FIG. 6, the
updated TDFL of the temporary defect management area (TDMA) is
detected, transferred to and recorded in the DFL area(s) of the defect
management area (DMA). The updated TDFL (latest TDFL) is repeatedly
recorded for up to seven times in Clusters 5-32 of the DMA. In FIG. 7,
reference numerals 61 to 67 represent the 1st through 7to positions of
duplicated DFLs respectively. For instance, a DFL is duplicated in
Clusters 5-8, in Cluster 9-12, in Clusters 13-16, in Clusters 17-20, etc.
As such, these groups of clusters for recording duplicate DFLs are also
referred to herein as DFL areas. For instance, Clusters 13-16 is a DFL
area and Clusters 17-20 is another DFL area.
In step S32, it is checked whether or not each DFL area is defective. If
the DFL area is determined not to be defective, that DFL area as

recorded is defined as a valid area. If the DFL area is determined to be
defective, it is defined as a damaged area. The position of each of the
valid DFL areas is recorded in the DDS. FIG. 7 illustrates a case in
which the 2**t 3rdt 4th and 6th positions of DFL (62, 63, 64 and 66) are
defined as the valid areas, and the position information on each of
these valid areas is all recorded in the DDS. This can be done in
different ways.
According to one way, the DFL can be recorded into a particular DFL
area of the DMA. Just after recording, the system can verify whether or
not the recorded DFL area is defective. If the system verifies that the
recorded DFL area is not defective, then the system records the position
information on this recorded DFL area to the DDS of the DMA and then
the DFL is copied into the next DFL area. If the system verifies that the
recorded DFL area is defective, then the position information on the
recorded DFL area is not recorded in the DDS, but the DFL is copied
into the next DFL area of the DMA. This process is repeated so that the
same DFL may be repeatedly recorded for up to seven times into the
DFL areas of the DMA.
According to another way, the DFL can be repeatedly recorded in each
of the seven DFL areas and then the system can verify whether or not
each of the seven DFL areas is defective. After the group verification,
the position information on any valid DFL area may be recorded in the
DDS.
The position information on the DFL area is also referred to as "PJDFL"
or "First PSN of Defect List", and is used to indicate a particular area
with a physical sector number (PSN) disposed at the head of that area.

Such a use of the term is equally applied to all other embodiments of
the present invention.
As shown in FIG. 7, the content of the latest TDDS is not only
transferred to and recorded in the DDS of the DMA, but also the
position information (PJDFL) on the valid DFLs is recorded in the DDS
of the DMA. Also, the TDDS may include an area in which the position
information (P_DFL) on the valid DFLs can be recorded. However, since
this area of the TDDS is not needed until the disc is finalized, this area
of the TDDS may be recorded initially with non-meaningful information
such as "OOh" or "FFh".
In the example shown in FIG. 7, Cluster 1 stores therein the DDS
(latest TDDS transferred) and the latest SRRI (or SBM). The contents of
Cluster 1 are repeatedly stored in each Cluster 2, Cluster 3, and
Cluster 4. In one cluster such as Cluster 1, the DDS may be stored in
Sector 0 and the SRRI/ SBM may be stored in Sectors 1-31; or the
SRRI/ SBM may be stored in Sectors 0-30 and the DDS may be stored
in Sector 31 of the cluster.
The DDS includes an area 50 in which total seven pieces of position
information (P_DFL) can be recorded. More specifically, this area 50
stores therein a first PSN of defect list #1 through a first PSN of defect
list #7. In this embodiment, the first PSNs of onfy the valid DFLs are
stored in the area 50. In the example of FIG. 7, it is assumed that only
the 2nd, 3rd, 4^ and 6th positions of DFLs are valid so that only the
position information on these valid areas is sequentially recorded in the
area 50 of the DDS, and the position information on the remaining
damaged DFLs is not recorded in the DDS.

For instance, the area 50 of the DDS stores therein the first PSN of
Defect List #1 (51) which identifies the location (first PSN) of the valid
DFL area (62) at Clusters 9-12, the first PSN of Defect List #2 (52)
which identifies the location (first PSN) of the next valid DFL (63) at
Clusters 13-16, the first PSN of Defect List #3 (53) which identifies the
location (first PSN) of the next valid DFL (64) at Clusters 17-20, and the
first PSN of Defect List #4 (54) which identifies the location (first PSN) of
the next valid DFL (66) at Clusters 25-28. The location of damaged 1st,
5th and 7* positions of DFL (61, 65 and 67) is not stored in the DDS.
Any unused portion of the area 50 can be recorded with some
predetermined value such as "OOh" or "FFh".
Accordingly, if all seven recorded DFL areas of the DMA are valid areas,
then the location of each of the valid DFL areas is stored sequentially in
the area 50 so that there exist seven pieces of position information on
the DFLs in the DDS. If, for some reason, all the recorded DFL areas of
the DMA are damaged areas, then the seven pieces of position
information on the DFLs may be all recorded as *00h" or "FFh* in the
area 50 of the DDS. In such case, since there are four defect
management areas (DMAs) on the disc with the same information
redundantly recorded in each of the DMAs, the valid information of the
DFL can be read from other DMAs that are not damaged. As a result,
the present scheme secures important management information.
As the final management information, the SRRI (or SBM) is recorded
together with the DDS in the BD-WO. The BD-RB of FIG. 2 according to
the related art, however, does not record the SRRI (or SBM) in the DDS
as the management information and instead, non-meaningful

information ("OOh or "FFh") is recorded in the remaining sectors of the
cluster having the DDS.
According to the structure shown in FIG. 7, in case that the optical disc
is finalized, the recording/reproducing apparatus (e.g., the device
shown in FIG. 12) reads the position/location information {P_DFL) on
the first valid DFL area, from the DDS of the corresponding DMA, to
access the DFL at the first valid location. If the defect and the like are
found at this first valid location, the apparatus reads the location
information (P_DFL) on the next valid DFL area and accesses the DFL
at that second valid location identified by the location information
(P_DFL). This scheme compensates for a scenario when the initial valid
DFL area may be damaged subsequently by a disc scratch and the like
since even the valid DFL area defined at the tune of disc finalization is
continuously used even after the disc is finalized.
FIG. 8 is a view illustrating the structure of each DMA of the BD-WO of
FIG. 5 according to another embodiment of the present invention. The
structure and use of the DMA in FIG. 8 are identical to those of the
DMA in FIG. 7, except for that only one position information (P_DFL) on
one valid DFL area of the DMA is recorded in the DDS and that any
subsequent duplicate recording of the DFL into the other DFL areas of
the DMA may be optional.
More specifically, in the embodiment of FIG. 8, after the DFL is
recorded at a particular DFL area of the DMA, the system verifies if the
recorded DFL area of the DMA is a valid area. If it is, then the system
records the position information (P_DFL) on this valid DFL area to an
area 55 of the DDS. Then the process may stop. Optionally or

mandatorily, the system may record the DFL in the next DFL area(s) of
the DMA. But even in these cases, the position information on these
next DFL area(s) is not recorded in the DDS so that only one position
information remains in the DDS. In the example shown in FIG. 8, even
though there are four valid positions of DFL (62, 63, 64 and 66), the
position information on only the 2nd position of DFL (i.e., the first PSN
of DFL at Clusters 9-12) is recorded in the area 55 of the DDS.
As mentioned above, although the DFL can be repeatedly recorded in
Clusters 5-32 for seven times, it is possible to record the DFL in such a
manner that the DFL is not recorded at the remaining clusters of the
DMA when the valid position of one DFL area is obtained.
As an example, the latest TDFL is transferred to and recorded in the
DFL area 61 (Clusters 5 to 8) of the DMA. If ii is checked that this area
is a defective/damaged area, then the latest TDFL is also transferred to
and recorded in the next DFL area 62 (Clusters 9 to 12) of the DMA. If
this area is determined to be a non-defective/valid area, then the
position information on this valid DFL area 62 is recorded in the DDS.
At this time, transferring and recording of the latest TDFL at the
remaining DFL areas 63-67 (Clusters 13 to 32) may not be performed.
Instead, these remaining areas may be recorded as "00h", "FFh", or
some other designated value/manner. The position information (51) on
only one first valid DFL area 62 is stored in the DDS of the DMA.
As described above, an advantage to not transferring and not recording
the latest TDFL onto all the DFL areas of the DMA is that the disc
finalization can be promptly completed without undue delay since a
recording time can be shorten. The reason why only one piece of

position information (P_DFL) on one valid DFL area can be recorded in
the DDS of the DMA is that the final management information is still
well protected and can be accessed from other DMAs, as needed.
FIGs. 9 to 11 illustrate embodiments in which the inventive concept is
expanded and applied to a dual layer optical disc having two recording
layers. The methods of FIG. 6 are equally applicable to the dual layer
discs of FIGs. 9 to 11.
Particularly, FIG. 9 is a view illustrating the dual layer structure of a
write-once optical disc such as BD-WO according to an embodiment of
the present invention. The dual layer write-once optical disc includes a
first recording layer (Layer 0) and a second recording layer (Layer 1)
each having a lead-in area, a data area, and a lead-out area. The
recording layers respectively include a PTDMAO (Layer 0) and a
PTDMA1 (Layer 1) each having a fixed size. Four spare areas can be
totally allocated in the data areas. An inner spare area ISAO and an
outer spare area OSA0 can be allocated to the inner and outer
peripheries of the first recording layer (Layer 0), and an inner spare
area ISA1 and an outer spare area OSA1 can be allocated to the inner
and outer peripheries of the second recording layer (Layer 1).
The ATDMAs may exist only within the OSA0, OSA1 and ISA1, and they
are respectively named as the ATDMAO, ATDMA1 and ATDMA2. In FIG.
9, alphabets N, P, Q and L represent information representing the size
of the corresponding areas. Specifically, it may be desirable that the
size (P2) of each of the ATDMAO and the ATDMA1 is approximately 1/4
of the size (N2) of the OSA0/OSA1. It may be desirable that the size (Q)
of the ATDMA2 is approximately 1/4 of the size (L) of the ISA1. This is

determined under a regulation, and it is apparent that a different size
as needed can be allocated to these areas.
The same management information may be recorded in the PTDMA
(PTDMAO and PTDMA1) and the ATDMA (ATDMAO and ATMDA1);
however, FIG. 9 illustrates only the management information recorded
in the PTDMA 1 for description convenience. The management
information recorded in each of these PTDMA/ATMDA includes the
TDFL, the TDDS, the SRRI (or the SBM) and the like as discussed
above in connection with the single layer disc structure.
Similar to the single layer disc structure, in the dual layer disc
structure according to the present invention, a disc is finalized, e.g., if a
recording area no longer remains on the disc, if there is no temporary
defect management area, or if a user no longer wants recording on the
disc. At this time, the latest updated management information recorded
in the temporary defect management area is transferred to and
recorded in the defect management area (DMA) as the final
management information as discussed above.
FIG. 10 is a view illustrating the structure of each DMA in the dual
layer disc of FIG. 9 according to an embodiment of the present
invention. The DMA structure and use of the dual layer disc in FIG. 10
are identical to those of the single layer disc in FIG. 7, except for that
the size of the DMA is 64 clusters, Clusters 5-8 are reserved and each
DFL is recorded in the DMA within 8 clusters (instead of 4 clusters in
the single layer disc). Accordingly, the position information on all the
valid DFLs is recorded in the DDS of the DMA as shown in FIG. 10.
FIG. 11 is a view illustrating the structure of each DMA in the dual

layer disc of FIG. 9 according to another embodiment of the present
invention. The DMA structure and use of the dual layer disc in FIG. 11
are identical to those of the single layer disc in FIG. 8, except for that
the size of the DMA is 64 clusters, Clusters 5-8 are reserved and each
DFL is recorded in the DMA within 8 clusters (instead of 4 clusters in
the single layer disc). Accordingly, the position information on ony the
first valid DFL is recorded in the DDS of the DMA as shown in FIG. 11.
As discussed above, although it is possible to record the DFL repeatedly
for seven times in the DMA at Clusters 9-16 as shown in FIG. 11, it is
also possible to stop recording of the DFL once one valid DFL is
recorded in the DMA. That is, the process of recording the DFL
repeatedly after a valid DFL is once recorded can be an optional or
mandatory feature according to the present invention. This
optional/mandatory recording of the subsequent DFLs to the DMA was
discussed above in connection with FIG. 8.
FIG. 12 is a view illustrating a recording/reproducing apparatus in
which the present methods can be implemented. The methods
according to the present invention can also be implemented using other
devices or systems.
Referring to FIG. 12, the recording/reproducing apparatus includes a
recording/reproducing part 10 for performing recording/reproducing
to/from a write-once optical disc such as a BD-WO, and a control part
20 for controlling the recording/reproducing operations. The control
part 20 sends a record command or a reproduction command for a
specific area on the disc to the recording/reproducing part 10. The
recording/reproducing part 10 performs the recording/reproducing at

the specific area depending on the command of the control part 20. The
recording/reproducing part 10 can include an interface unit 12 for
allowing communication with external devices; a pickup unit 11 for
recording or reproducing to/from the optical disc; a data processor 13
for receiving a reproduction signal from the pickup unit 11 to restore it
into a desired signal value, or for modulating a to-be-recorded signal
into a signal adapted to be recorded on the optical disc for
transmission; a servo unit 14 for controlling the pickup unit 11 so as to
read accurately from a particular area on the optical disc, or to record
accurately a signal to a particular area on the optical disc; a memory
15 for temporarily storing various information having the management
information and data; and a microcomputer or processor (micom) 16
for controlling the structural elements of the recording/reproducing
part 10. All the components of the recording/reproducing apparatus
are operatively coupled.
In case that the inventive optical disc having the management
information recorded thereon is loaded in the recording/reproducing
apparatus of FIG. 12, a recording/reproducing method for the optical
disc using the recording/reproducing apparatus is in detail described
as below.
The recording/reproducing apparatus of FIG. 12 can record the defect
management information to the disc as discussed above. For instance,
the micom 16 can control the pick-up unit 11 to record the defect
management information to the TDMA and DMA of the disc according
to the disc structures and use discussed above.
If the optical disc is loaded into the recording/reproducing apparatus,

the micom 16 of the recording/reproducing part 10 ascertains the
management area of the loaded optical disc. First of all, the defect
management area (DMA) is ascertained to check whether or not the
corresponding disc is a finalized disc. For instance, if information is
recorded in the defect management area (DMA), the corresponding disc
is determined to be a finalized disc, but if no information is recorded in
the defect management area (DMA), the corresponding disc is
determined to be a non-finalized disc.
If the disc is determined to be a finalized disc, it is a case where the
final management information of the disc is recorded in the defect
management area (DMA). Therefore, the final management information
is obtained from the defect management area pMA) to be used for
reproducing the disc. In this regard, the position information on the
valid DFL area is quickly obtained from the DDS of the DMA. The DFL
is then accessed and reproduced from the position indicated by the
obtained position information, and the reproduced DFL information is
again checked. If it is determined due to the checking result, that the
DFL recorded in the valid area is thereafter changed into a defective
damaged area, then the non-defective DFL is obtained by obtaining the
position information (PJDFL) on the next valid DFL area storing the
DFL if the plurality of position information (P_DFL) are recorded in one
DMA as in the case of FIG. 7 or 10. Other DMAs can be accessed to
obtain the non-defective DFL in case that only one piece of position
information (P_DFL) is recorded in one DMA as in FIG. 8 or 11.
As other final management information, the DDS, the SRRI and the like
are effectively obtained from the DMA. Similarly, if a particular area of

the DMA is determined to be defective, then the next area where
recording is repeatedly made can be checked to obtain the non-
defective final management information.
If the disc loaded in the apparatus is a non-finalized disc, it is a case
where the current management information of the disc is recorded in
the temporary defect management area (TDMA). Therefore, in this case,
the updated management information recorded at last (i.e., the latest
management information) in the temporary defect management area
(TDMA) is obtained to read a final recorded state of the disc. This
makes it possible to perform an effective recording/reproducing on the
write-once optical disc. In case that the updating of the management
information is required while the recording/ reproducing is performed or
after the recording/reproducing is completed, and the disc is not yet
finalized, the updated management information is recorded. In case
that the disc finalization is required, the final management information
at the time of the disc finalization is recorded in the defect management
area (DMA) according to the methods of the present invention.
As described above, the present invention has an advantage in that
effective recording/reproducing can be achieved for a write-once optical
disc by providing various methods for recording the position
information (P_DFL) on valid DFL(s) when the final management
information is recorded in the defect management area (DMA) of the
write-once optical disc.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications
and variations can be made in the present invention. Thus, it is
intended that the present invention covers the modifications and

variations of this invention provided they come within the scope of the
appended claims and their equivalents.
Industrial applicability
The present invention relates to a write-once optical disc and a method
and apparatus for recording/reproducing data on/from the write-once
optical disc. According to an aspect of the present invention, there is
provided a method for recording final management information on a
write-once recording medium, the recording medium including a
temporary defect management area (TDMA) and a defect management
area (DMA), the method comprising: transferring information recorded
in the TDMA to the DMA of the recording medium; and recording the
transferred information in the DMA as final management information,
the final management information including at least one defect list and
either space bit map information or sequential recording range
information, wherein the recording step includes storing, in the DMA,
position information on one valid defect list from the at least one defect
list recorded in the DMA.
It will be apparent to those skilled in the art that various modifications and
variations can be made in the present invention. Thus, it is intended that the
present invention covers the modifications and variations of this invention
provided they come within the scope of the appended claims and their
equivalents.

We Claim:
1. A method for recording management information on a recording medium,
the recording medium having a first management area being used before finalizing the
recording medium and a second management area being used after finalizing the
recording medium, the method comprising:
recording, by an apparatus attempting to record/reproduce data, updated
management information and temporary disc definition structure (TDDS) in the first
management area, the temporary disc definition structure having first position
information on the updated management information recorded in the first management
area and second position information being reserved for indicating a valid defect list; and
recording, by the apparatus, information recorded in the first management area
into as final management information into the second management area when the
recording medium is to be finalized, the final management information comprising at
least one defect list and record state information of the recording medium,
wherein the recording step comprises:
storing, by the apparatus, in the second management area, the second
position information to indicate a position of the valid defect list from among the
at least one defect list recorded in the second management area.
2. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the second position
information indicates only a position of first valid defect list from among the at least one
defect list recorded in the second management area.

3. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the second position
information is stored as part of disc definition structure (DDS) information within the
final management information.
4. The method as claimed in claim 2, wherein the second position
information indicates a first physical sector number of the first valid defect list.
5. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the record state information is
one of space bitmap information and sequential recording range information.
6. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the recording step comprises:
recording, by the apparatus, a defect list to one of defect list areas of the second
management area;
verifying if the recorded defect list area is defective by the apparatus; and
performing, by the apparatus, the storing step to store position information on the
recorded defect list area if the recorded defect list area is not defective.
7. The method as claimed in claim 6, wherein the recording step optionally
comprises:
recording, by the apparatus, the defect list to each of next available defect list
areas-of the second management area.

8. The method as claimed in claim 6, wherein remaining defect list areas are
filled with designated information.
9. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the second position
information recorded in the first management area indicates OOh or FFh.
10. The method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the position information
indicates a first physical sector number of each of the at least one valid defect list.
11. The method as claimed in claim 6, wherein the verifying step and the
performing step of the recording step are repeated for up to seven times per second
management area.
12. A recording medium comprising:
at least one recording layer; and
a first management area being used before finalizing the recording medium and a
second management area being used after finalizing the recording medium on the at least
one recording layer,
wherein the first management area has updated management information and
temporary disc definition structure (TDDS), the temporary disc definition structure
including first position information on the updated management information recorded in
the first management area and second position information being reserved for indicating a
valid defect list,

wherein the second management area has latest management information
recorded in the first management area as part of final management information when the
recording medium is to be finalized, and
wherein the final management information has at least one defect list, record state
information of the recording medium, and the second position information to indicate a
position of the valid defect list from among the at least one defect list recorded in the
second management area.
13. The recording medium as claimed in claim 12, wherein the second
position information indicates only a position of first valid defect list from among the at
least one defect list recorded in the second management area.
14. The recording medium as claimed in claim 12, wherein the second
position information is stored as part of disc definition structure (DDS) information
within the final management information.
15. The recording medium as claimed in claim 13, wherein the second
position information indicates a first physical sector number of the first valid defect list.
16. The recording medium as claimed in claim 12, wherein the recording
medium has only a single recording layer.

17. The recording medium as claimed in claim 12, wherein the recording
medium has two recording layers.
18. The recording medium as claimed in claim 12, wherein the recording
medium is a Blu-ray write-once optical disc.
19. The recording medium as claimed in claim 12, wherein the second
management area comprises:
a first area for storing therein the second position information along with the
record state information; and
a plurality of second areas each for optionally storing a defect list.
20. The recording medium as claimed in claim 12, wherein the second
position information in the first management area indicates OOh or FFh.
21. The recording medium as claimed in claim 12, wherein the second
position information indicates a first physical sector number of each of the at least one
valid defect list.
22. The recording medium as claimed in claim 12, wherein the second
management area comprises :
a first area for storing therein the position information along with the record state
information; and

a plurality of second areas each for storing a copy of a defect list.
23. An apparatus for recording final management information on a recording
medium, the recording medium having a first management area being used before
finalizing the recording medium and a second management area being used after
finalizing the recording medium, the apparatus comprising:
an optical pickup configured to record/reproduce data in/from the recording
medium; and
a control unit configured to control the optical pickup to record updated
management information and temporary disc definition structure (TDDS) in the first
management area, the temporary disc definition structure including first position
information on the updated management information recorded in the first management
area and second position information being reserved for indicating a valid defect list and
to record latest management information recorded in the first management area into the
second management area as part of final management information when the recording
medium is to be finalized,
wherein the final management information has at least one defect list, record state
information, and the second position information to indicate a position of the valid defect
list from among the at least one defect list recorded in the second management area.
24. The apparatus as claimed in claim 23, wherein the control unit is configured to
control the optical pickup to record the second position information that indicates only a

position of first valid defect list from among the at least one defect list recorded in the
second management area.
25. The apparatus as claimed in claim 23, wherein the control unit is configured to
control the optical pickup to record the second position information as part of disc
definition structure (DDS) information within the final management information.
26. The apparatus as claimed in claim 23, wherein the control unit is configured to
control the optical pickup to record the second position information to indicate a first
physical sector number of the first valid defect list.
27. The apparatus as claimed in claim 23, wherein the control unit is configured to
control the optical pickup to record one of space bitmap information and sequential
recording range information as the record state information.
28. The apparatus as claimed in claim 23, wherein the control unit is configured to
control the optical pickup to record a defect list in one of defect list areas of the second
management area, verify if the recorded defect list area is defective, and record position
information on the recorded defect list area in the recording medium if the recorded
defect list area is not defective.

29. The apparatus as claimed in claim 28, wherein the control unit is configured to
control the optical pickup to record the defect list in each of next available defect list
areas of the second management area.
30. The apparatus as claimed in claim 28, wherein the control unit is configured to
control the optical pickup to fill up remaining defect list areas with designated
information.
31. The apparatus as claimed in claim 23, wherein the control unit is configured to
control the optical pickup to record OOh or FFh as the second position information in the
first management area.
32. The apparatus as claimed in claim 23, wherein the control unit is configured to
control the optical pickup to record, as the second position information, a first physical
sector number of each of the at least one valid defect lists.

33. The apparatus as claimed in claim 28, wherein the recording medium has
seven defect list areas per second management area.
34. A method of reproducing data from a recording medium, the recording
medium having a first management area being used before finalizing the recording
medium and a second management area being used after finalizing the recording
medium, the method comprising:

reading, by an apparatus attempting to record/reproduce data, updated
management information based on temporary disc definition structure (TDDS) from the
first management area until the recording medium is finalized, the temporary disc
definition structure including first position information on the updated management
information recorded in the first management area and second position information being
reserved for indicating a valid defect list;
reading, by the apparatus, at least one valid defect list from among the final defect
management information recorded in the second management area based on the second
position information indicating a position of at least one valid defect list, the final
management information including at least one defect list and record state information of
the recording medium after the recording medium is finalized; and
reproducing, by the apparatus, the data from the recording medium based on the
at least one valid defect list and the record state information.
35. An apparatus for reproducing data from a recording medium, the recording
medium having a first management area being used before finalizing the recording
medium and a second management area being used after finalizing the recording
medium, the apparatus comprising:
an optical pickup to record/reproduce data in/from the recording medium and
a control unit configured to control the optical pickup to read updated
management information from the first management area based on temporary disc
definition structure (TDDS) until the recording medium is finalized, the temporary disc
definition structure having first position information on the updated management

information recorded in the first management area and second position information being
reserved for indicating a valid defect list, and the control unit configured to control the
optical pickup to read at least one valid defect list from among the final defect
management information recorded in the second management area based on the second
position information indicating a position of at least one valid defect list after the
recording medium is finalized, the final management information having at least one
defect list and record state information of the recording medium; and
the control unit configured to reproduce the data from the recording medium
based on the at least one valid defect list and the record state information.
36. The apparatus as claimed in claim 23 or 35, comprising:
a host configured to generate a recording command to record data in the recording
medium or a reproducing command to reproduce the data from the recording medium
into the control unit via an interface unit, wherein the control unit performs the controls
in response to the command transmitted from the host.

Documents:

00553-kolnp-2006-abstract.pdf

00553-kolnp-2006-claims.pdf

00553-kolnp-2006-description complete.pdf

00553-kolnp-2006-drawings.pdf

00553-kolnp-2006-form 1.pdf

00553-kolnp-2006-form 3.pdf

00553-kolnp-2006-form 5.pdf

00553-kolnp-2006-gpa.pdf

00553-kolnp-2006-international publication.pdf

00553-kolnp-2006-international search report.pdf

00553-kolnp-2006-pct request.pdf

00553-kolnp-2006-priority document.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-ABSTRACT 1.1.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-ABSTRACT 1.2.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-AMANDED CLAIMS 1.1.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-AMANDED CLAIMS.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-AMANDED PAGES OF SPECIFICATION 1.1.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-AMANDED PAGES OF SPECIFICATION.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-assignment.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-CANCELLED PAGES.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-CORRESPONDENCE 1.1.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-CORRESPONDENCE 1.2.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-CORRESPONDENCE.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-correspondence1.3.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-DESCRIPTION (COMPLETE) 1.1.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-DRAWINGS 1.1.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-examination report.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-FORM 1-1.2.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-FORM 1.1.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-form 18.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-FORM 2-1.1.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-FORM 2.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-FORM 3.1.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-form 3.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-form 5.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-gpa.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-granted-abstract.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-granted-claims.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-granted-description (complete).pdf

553-kolnp-2006-granted-drawings.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-granted-form 1.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-granted-form 2.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-granted-specification.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-OTHERS 1.1.pdf

553-KOLNP-2006-REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT.pdf

553-kolnp-2006-reply to examination report1.1.pdf

abstract-00553-kolnp-2006.jpg

PETETION UNDER RULE 137.pdf


Patent Number 248893
Indian Patent Application Number 553/KOLNP/2006
PG Journal Number 36/2011
Publication Date 09-Sep-2011
Grant Date 06-Sep-2011
Date of Filing 08-Mar-2006
Name of Patentee LG ELECTRONICS INC.
Applicant Address 20, YOIDO-DONG, YOUNGDUNGPO-GU, SEOUL, 150-721, REPUBLIC OF KOREA
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 PARK, YONG, CHEOL 402-803, JUGONG APT., BYEORYANG-DONG, GWACHEON-SI, GYEONGGI-DO, REPUBLIC OF KOREA
PCT International Classification Number G11B 20/18
PCT International Application Number PCT/KR2004/002592
PCT International Filing date 2004-10-12
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 10-2003-0073136 2003-10-20 Republic of Korea