Title of Invention

A SYSTEM FOR DETECTING, MONITORING, RECORDING AND TRASMITTING DATA ON POWER CONSUMPTION

Abstract Title - "A system and method for detecting, monitoring, recording and trasmitting data on power consumption." The present invention aims at overcoming the above drawback and provides a system for detecting, monitoring, recording and transmitting data on power consumption, which comprises in combination - (i) means for observing power consumption such as an energy monitor (1); (ii) power control unit (2) receiving power from 220-230V a.c. supply and converting it to d.c. for supplying power to different units of energy monitoring system; (iii) modem (3), which is a modulator-demodulator receiving signal from energy monitor (1) and remote receiver (4) relay transmitting the signal to receiver station; (iv) remote receiver (4) relay switch receiving signals from the remote (8) and individual relay transmitting data on power consumption to be monitored and connected to the relay system; (v) antenna (5) for propagating electromagnetic signal generated by said modem to the channel; (vi) receiver unit (6), which receives electromagnetic signal sent by antenna of electronic tuner (5) and decodes the signal to the desired format; (vii) receiver modem (7), which is a modulator-demodulator converting digital signal to analog signal for processing, and (viii) remote transmitter (8) for transmitting signal to the said monitor (1). In lieu of modems, one may use LASER light and camera or any similar system for data transmission. Fig. 1 of the drawings illustrate the invention.
Full Text The present invention relates to a system for detecting,
monitoring, recording and trasmitting data on power consumption.
More particularly this invention is concerned with an energy
exchange with the help of a energy monitor capable of detecting
power consumption, recording and transmitting the same to a
computer for necessary billing, power control, overload and
assessing details of payment.
Previously individual meters had to be accessed and
read by meter readers moving from door to door. In large old
buildings this was a tiresome and hazardous exercise with maze of
power lines dangling precariously, often with improper insulation.
It also proved difficult to collect all the meter readings in the
event to absence of residents/house owners, which necessitated
repeated visits by the meter reader. In some cases tampering of
the electricity meter had been observed, resulting in revenue
loss. Such personal efforts on the part of the meter readers
involved man powerand time, which meant considerable expenditure.
The present invention aims at overcoming the drawbacks
and difficulties of the conventional mode of meter reading by
personal visits of meter readers going from door to door, and
provide a system for recording readings and billing independently
and also carrying out automatic connection, disconnection and/or
re-connection of power line through an automated energy exchange.
The principal object of the present invention is to
provide a system for detecting, monitoring, recording and
transmitting data on power consumption.
Another object of this invention is to provide a novel
system which will obviate the need to read individual meters to
assess the quantum of energy consumed by designated consumers.

Yet another object of this invention is to provide an energy monitoring
system operated by the transmission of signal from antenna and receiving the
signal, followed by processing the signal received for energy reading.
Still another object of this invention is provide a system with receiver
modem for receiving the signal and transmitting the same by converting it to
digital, said modem having compatibility with a laptop computer, capable of
being carried/moved into different locations.
A further object of this invention is to provide a system wherein the laptop
computer displaying the collected data is capable of processing the billing in
desired format(s).
A still further object of this invention is to provide a system which may be
equipped with a 12V battery for power backup required for receiver modem and
receiver output.
A still another object of this invention is to provide a system wherein
constituent components are indigenously available, which can be easily repaired,
replaced and/or exchanged without disturbing or disrupting the usual
functioning of other components.
A system for detecting, monitoring, recording and trasmitting data on power
consumption, which comprises in combination -
(i) means for observing power consumption such as an energy monitor (1);
(ii) power control unit (2) receiving power from 220-230V a.c. supply and
converting it to d.c. for supplying power to different units (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7)
and (8) of energy monitoring system;
(iii) modem (3), which is a modulator-demodulator receiving signal from energy
monitor (1) and remote receiver (4) relay transmitting the signal to receiver station;

(iv) remote receiver (4) relay switch receiving signals from the remote (8) and
individual relay transmitting data on power consumption to be monitored and
connected to the relay system which helps connecting and disconnecting power
supply to individual consumer;
(v) antenna of electronic tuner (5) for propagating electromagnetic signal by
receiving signal from modem (3) and then transmitting to receiver (6) and
subsequently to modem 7;
(vi) receiver (6), which receives electromagnetic signal sent by antenna of
electronic tuner (5) and decodes the signal to the desired format;
(vii) modem (7), which is a modulator-demodulator converting digital signal to
analog signal for processing, and '
(viii) remote (8) for transmitting signal to the said monitor (1).
Instead of using modems for data transmission, one may use LASER
light and camera or a similar unit/system for data transmission, on account of
ease of operation and cost consideration. For LASER light transmission, the
electrical signal to be transmitted is converted into optical signal, which may be
detected by camera and/or LASER detectors.
The monitor referred to above is in fact an energy monitor connected
to the main power supply and the extent of power consumed can be observed
from the LCD display attached thereto. It is capable of regulating the power
supply and may be equipped with provision for extra large current/voltage cut
off facilities, and is accomodated in a suitable housing/container.
. The output voltages of the power control unit receiving power from
220-230V a.c.supply and converting it to d.c. are usually ± 12V supplied to
different units of the transmitter, which is equipped with an on-off switch and a
LED to perform the respective jobs.

Transmitter modem is a modulator-demodulator which
receives signal from energy monitor and remote receiver relay-
switching to transmit it to receiving section. Data transmitted
from this modem to the receiver station are processed in a
digital format.
The receiver modem in the receiver section receives the
signal transmitted by the transmitting modem. The remote receiver
receives the signal from the remote with the help of relay
switches. Whenever power consumption is desired to be monitored,
the individual relay is activated, which in turn transmits and
connects the same to the following switch.
The electronic system now operated through modem may be
substituted by a combination of ledger light and camera unit or
like unit which may be easier to operate and cheaper, too, for
running this unit.
The subject system includes an antenna as a unit in the
energy exchange to propagate the electro-magnetic signals generated
by the modem to the channel, such transmission being at a desired
frequency.
Receiver unit of the system receives the electromagnetic
signal emitted by antenna of electronic tuner and decodes the
signal to the desired level and format. The digitally processed
signal requires less power for operation/functioning.
Receiver modem is another modulator-demodulator which
converts digital signal into analog signal for processing, and is
meant to receive the signal transmitted by transmitting modem.
The subject system also has a remote for transmitting
the signal to the energy monitor box. It uses the transmission to
RF signal through a telescopic antenna.
The invention will now be further illustrated by the
accompanying drawings in which -
Fig.1 depicts a flow-sheet diagram of the energy monitoring
system of this invention showing the individual
constituent unit, marked with numerals;

Fig.2 shows the details of components and their connections
to produce the power control unit (2);
Fig.3 shows the mode of internal assembly and circuitry of
both transmitting and receiving modems (3 and 7);
Fig.4 shows the details of assembly and connections for 'remote
receiver (4)';
Fig.5 shows details of assembly and signal diagram for
receiver (6) with antenna (5);
Fig.6 shows circuit diagram for remote (8) with a telescopic
antenna, and
Fig.7 is a diagram showing the use of the energy monitoring
system of this invention.
Broadly speaking, the energy monitoring system consists
of the following constituent parts :
(i) energy monitor or power control box and
(ii) mini energy exchange.
The former, namely, power control box comprises -
(a) energy monitor (1) [for individual customer] ;
(b) power control unit (2) ;
(c) transmitting modem (3) [common for all customers], and
(d) remote receiver (4) [common for all customers].
The energy exchange, usually to be carried by the
laptop operator who may be a department of electricity personnel,
consists of the following -

(a) antenna (5)
(b) receiver (6)
(c) receiving modem (7)
(d) remote (8) and
(e) laptop computer.
The sequence of operations for the energy monitoring system may
be briefly outlined as under :
(i) transmission of signal from the remote for customer enquiry with
the help of antenna (5) ;
(ii) reception of transmitted signal by the energy monitor-cum-receiver
and processing the said signal for energy reading ;
(iii) reception of the processed signal by modem (7) and transmission of
the signal after conversion into digital signal, and
(iv) display and processing of the requisite data in a monitoring unit,
e.g. in a laptop computer screen and processing of the data for billing
in different formats in accordance with customer requirement.
The following examples given by way of illustration and not by way
of limitation are meant to define the invention more explicitly.
Example 1
Suppose there are a number of houses in a particular area marked
as A, B, C, etc., as shown in Fig.7 of the drawings, and each house has its supply
of power from the energy monitor.
If it is desired to determine power consumption, biling, etc. for house
'A', one has to gain access to the remote and mini energy exchange with laptop
computer.

The key of remote corresponding to house No. 'A' on
being pressed, the relay remote receiver activates the
corresponding line and relevant data appear on the laptop screen
with a sequence of activation of different parts as narrated
earlier.
In the event of an overload/extra power consumption,
the line of house 'A' is automatically disconnected by the MCB/
fuse. The same can also be activated by the remote switch by the
person having the laptop and operating the same.
Example 2
For billing a customer for the energy consumed, following
sequence of operations are followed :
(i) Remote (8) to be activated by pressing the key
corresponding to customer number.
(ii) This activates the remote receiver (4) . The relay connects
it to energy monitor of the designated customer.
(iii) The data corresponding to power consumption, load,
etc., stored in energy monitor (1) are sent to the
transmitting modem (3) through power control unit.
(iv) The modem (3) transmits the data to antenna (5), and
receiver (6) receives the data corresponding to the
designated customer(s).
(v) The receiver modem (7) sends the data to a laptop
computer and the details of consumption are displayed
on the monitor.

(vi) For extra load or over consumption, the MCB/fuse/auto
switching system disconnect the supply to indivisual
customer, and this can be activated through remote (8)
and remote receiver (4).
Example 3
A specimen of electricity bill is given below which has
been drawn up by following the procedure and sequence of operations
as given in Example 2 :


The invention will be further amplified by elaborating
the main constituent components present in the energy control
system of the present invention, as may be seen hereunder :
A. Energy monitor (1) :
It has 3 ICS used.
(i) HOLTEK HT 49 R 30A-1
A 426G0851-S.
This IC is a isplay IC which is connected to LCD board
for display of status of the input data.
(ii) IC 24002 EL
140 TL
This is a power regulator IC which us used to regulate
the power going to HOLTEK IC.
(iii) IC 0038
This is used to maintain the voltage and current levels
in the energy monitor box. It controls the power and sends it to
HOLTEK H.T. 4 9 R 30 IC. It is a display IC which measures the
power and displays in the LCD display.
The power supply marked as 'Ph'-'N' (See Fig.2) is
connected to the supply voltage. The diode IN 4007 is used to
convert the AC voltage to DC voltage to be used by different
units. The LEDS indicate the status of connection made to different
units. Zener diodes (5V2) are used to regulate the voltage. At
high voltage condition this will be open to protect the device
from damage.

B. Remote receiver (4) :
It has the i/p centre tap transformer used as a full wave rectifier to convert
230V A.C. to 12V D.C. The 1C 7809 will regulate the power supply.
It serves as an alternative means/arrangement to collect data by a mobile
personnel in the event of failure of central system.
The relays used act as switches to connect/disconnect the supply to the
other units.
The ICs used are CM 8870 PI
HEF 4067 BF
HEF 4013 PF
CD 4013 BF
CXA 16196
These IC's are used to transmit and receive the signal. The transistor
BC 548 (10 nos) are used as general amplifier and NPN transistors operated in
saturation and cut-off mode. The ICs operate with +9v supply voltage.
C. Power Control Unit (2) :
This unit provides voltage power supply to all the different units.
The i/ p supply voltage comes to the primary of the transformer and converted
to 18V AC at the output.
The bridge rectifier converts the AC voltage to DC voltage.
Power regulator ICs 7812 converts the DC voltage to ±12V at its output.
Diode IN5408 is a P-N junction diode used for rectification purpose.
LM 7812 is used to regulate the voltage.

D. Antenna (5) :
It is used to transmit the electromagnetic waves from the o/p of the device.
IC 7806 is used to regulate the power at the o/p of antenna.
E. Receiver (6) :
This is an electronic tuner which generates the carrier signal to demodulate the signal
received through the antenna.
The main component in this section is IC 1208 BEL211, which is an IC used to
demodulate the signal and send it to the output.
The weak signals are amplified by the transistors, using (BC 548) n-p-n transistors.
The supply voltage required for IC and transistors are ± 12V DC which is also regulated
by IC7809.
The potentiometers (pot) of 1K or 10K are used to regulate the gain.
F. Modem 3 :
As depicted in Fig. 1, this component is meant to receive signals from the
consumer point such as, for instance :
(i) consumption of energy,
(ii) overloading,
(iii) energy reading and
(IV) transmission of data to Modem 7 through Antenna 5 and Receiver 6.
G. Modem 7 :
As per Fig. 1, this is meant to -
(i) collect data from all the individual consum points which are equipped with
Modem 3 in each unit and
(ii) transmit data to computer server in the central controlling office, which helps
processing of official matter for preparing bills or any other document(s), or to
intimate action, if needed.
H. Remote (8) :
It gives the signal through telescopic antenna which is used to generate signal depending
on signal selected from the keyboard.
The keyboard generates the signal (customer) to be selected for billing (consumption
of power).
It sends signal to modem 3 regarding (i) connection (after due payment and observance
of rules), and (ii) disconnection (due to default in making payment any other violation
of rule(s) by the consumer.
Transistors (Tr BC548) are used as general amplifiers to amplify the signal.
The IC91258 is an IC used to select the signal to be amplified and transmitted.
When one key is pressed in the key pad, the particular line is selected and it goes out
through the o/p terminal (pin-7) of the IC.

The power supply AC 230V can used to operate the remote
which is converted to 12V DC by a centre tap transformer and
full ware rectifier by diodes IN4007 (shown at top) .
Full Terms for Abbreviated Forms :
NF = Nano farad showing the charge storage capacity of
capacitors used = 10-1 farad
KDS
CD
BP
HFF = They denote the IC numbers and make, specified by
the manufacturer of ICs to indicate their connections, internal
circuitory, power requirements, etc.
Tr.BC = It is a transistor specification which is an
n-p-n transistor used to amplify the signal at its output.
Additional modifications and improvements of the present
invention may also be apparent to these skilled in the art. Thus
the particular combination of parts described and illustrated
herein is intended to represent only one embodiment of the
present invention, and is not intended to serve as limitations of
alternative devices within the spirit and scope of the invention.

I claim :
1, A system for detecting, monitoring, recording and trasmitting data on power
consumption, which comprises in combination -
(i) means for observing power consumption such as an energy monitor (1);
(ii) power control unit (2) receiving power from 220-230V a.c. supply and
converting it to d.c for supplying power to different units (2), (3), (4), (5), (6), (7)
and (8) of energy monitoring system;
(iii) modem (3), which is a modulator-demodulator receiving signal from energy
monitor (1) and remote receiver (4) relay transmitting the signal to receiver station;
(iv) remote receiver (4) relay switch receiving signals from the remote (8) and
individual relay transmitting data on power consumption to be monitored and
connected to the relay system which helps connecting and disconnecting power
supply to individual consumer;
(v) antenna of electronic tuner (5) for propagating electromagnetic signal by
receiving signal from modem (3) and then transmitting to receiver (6) and
subsequently to modem 7;
(vi) receiver (6), which receives electromagnetic signal sent by antenna of
electronic tuner (5) and decodes the signal to the desired format;
(vii) modem (7), which is a modulator-demodulator converting digital signal to
analog signal for processing, and
(viii) remote (8) for transmitting signal to the said monitor (1).

2. A system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the energy monitor(l) is
accomodated in a suitable housing/container which is capable of regulating the
power supply and having provision for extra large current/voltage cut-off facilities.
3. A system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the output voltage of the power
control unit (2) are +12V supplied to different units of the energy monitoring
system, which is equipped with an on-off switch and a LED to perform the
respective jobs.
4. A system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the data transmitted from
transmitter modem (3) to the receiver station are processed in a digital format.
5. A system as claimed in Claim 1, wherein the modem (7) receives the signal
transmitted by modem (3).
6. A method for detecting, monitoring, recording and transmitting data on
power comsumed, which comprises :

(a) transmission of signal from the remote for customer enquiry with the help
of antenna (5);
(b) reception of transmitted signal by the energy monitor-cum-receiver and
processing the said signal for energy reading;
(c) reception of the processed signal by receiver modem (7) and transmission
of the signal after conversion into digital signal, and
(d) display and processing of the requisite data in a monitoring unit in
accordance with customer requirement.

7. A system as claimed in Claims 1 to 6, wherein there is used
a 12V battery for providing power back-up required for units
like, inter alia, receiver modem and receiver output unit.
8. As system as claimed in Claims 1 to 7, wherein there is
provided MCB/fuse/auto switching system (10) for extra load
cutting off facilities.
9. A system as claimed in Claims 1 to 8, wherein electronic
system operated through modem(s) may be substituted by a combination
of LASER light and camera or the like unit for ease of operation
and cost consideration.
10. A system for detecting, monitoring, recording and transmitting
data on power consumption, substantially as hereinbefore described
with particular reference to the accompanying drawings and
illustrative examples given hereinbefore.


Title - "A system and method for detecting, monitoring, recording
and trasmitting data on power consumption."
The present invention aims at overcoming the above drawback and provides a
system for detecting, monitoring, recording and transmitting data on power consumption,
which comprises in combination -
(i) means for observing power consumption such as an energy monitor (1);
(ii) power control unit (2) receiving power from 220-230V a.c. supply and converting it
to d.c. for supplying power to different units of energy monitoring system;
(iii) modem (3), which is a modulator-demodulator receiving signal from energy
monitor (1) and remote receiver (4) relay transmitting the signal to receiver station;
(iv) remote receiver (4) relay switch receiving signals from the remote (8) and individual
relay transmitting data on power consumption to be monitored and connected to the
relay system;
(v) antenna (5) for propagating electromagnetic signal generated by said modem to the
channel;
(vi) receiver unit (6), which receives electromagnetic signal sent by antenna of electronic
tuner (5) and decodes the signal to the desired format;
(vii) receiver modem (7), which is a modulator-demodulator converting digital signal to
analog signal for processing, and
(viii) remote transmitter (8) for transmitting signal to the said monitor (1).
In lieu of modems, one may use LASER light and camera or any similar
system for data transmission.
Fig. 1 of the drawings illustrate the invention.

Documents:

591-KOL-2006-(22-02-2012)-FORM 27.pdf

591-KOL-2006-ABSTRACT 1.1.pdf

591-KOL-2006-ABSTRACT-1.2.pdf

591-KOL-2006-AMANDED CLAIMS.pdf

591-KOL-2006-CANCELLED PAGES.pdf

591-KOL-2006-CLAIMS 1.1.pdf

591-KOL-2006-CORRESPONDENCE 1.1.pdf

591-KOL-2006-CORRESPONDENCE 1.2.pdf

591-kol-2006-correspondence-1.3.pdf

591-KOL-2006-CORRESPONDENCE.pdf

591-KOL-2006-DESCRIPTION (COMPLETE) 1.1.pdf

591-KOL-2006-DESCRIPTION (COMPLETE)-1.2.pdf

591-KOL-2006-DRAWINGS 1.1.pdf

591-KOL-2006-EXAMINATION REPORT REPLY RECIEVED-1.1.pdf

591-kol-2006-examination report.pdf

591-KOL-2006-FORM 1.1.1.pdf

591-kol-2006-form 18.pdf

591-KOL-2006-FORM 2-1.2.pdf

591-KOL-2006-FORM 2.1.1.pdf

591-kol-2006-form 3.pdf

591-kol-2006-form 9.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-abstract-1.1.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-abstract.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-claims-1.1.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-claims.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-description (complete)-1.1.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-description (complete).pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-drawings-1.1.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-drawings.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-form 1-1.1.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-form 1.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-form 2-1.1.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-form 2.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-form 3.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-pa.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-reply to examination report.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-specification-1.1.pdf

591-kol-2006-granted-specification.pdf

591-KOL-2006-OTHERS-1.1.pdf

591-kol-2006-pa.pdf

591-kol-2006-reply to examination report.pdf


Patent Number 248889
Indian Patent Application Number 591/KOL/2006
PG Journal Number 36/2011
Publication Date 09-Sep-2011
Grant Date 05-Sep-2011
Date of Filing 15-Jun-2006
Name of Patentee KISHORE PATRA
Applicant Address KACHERI ROAD, PURI
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 KISHORE PATRA KACHERI ROAD, PURI - 752001
PCT International Classification Number G01D 4/00
PCT International Application Number N/A
PCT International Filing date
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 NA