Title of Invention

'AN IMPROVED SPINNING APPARATUS FOR PRODUCING SPUN YARN'

Abstract To provide a spinning apparatus having a nozzle nl that applies a rotating air current to fibers f and a hollow spindle s1, wherein a fiber introduction member E with a fiber guide surface e8 having a torsion angle of 90 ° or more is disposed without a needle shaped guide nenber e2 provided near the tip si" of the fiber introduction side of the hollow spindle. Since the torsion angle of a fiber guide surface of a fiber introduction renter is 90° or more, fibers can be bundled easily without a needle shaped guide member. In addition, the present invention prevents leaves and other foreign natter contained in a sliver from aocunulating between a needle shaped guide nenber and a hollow spindle, thereby reducing the frequency of yarn breakage and improving the spinning capability.
Full Text Field of the Invention
The present invention relates to an improved spinning apparatus for producing spun yarn using a rotating air current.
Background of the Invention
There are known spinning apparatuses for producing spun yarn by twisting fibers using a rotating air current, having a nozzle that applies a rotating air current to a sliver fed from a draft device, a hollow spindle, and a needle shaped guide member having a tip opposed to the tip of the fiber introduction side of the hollow spindle.
In the conventional spinning apparatus, as shown in Figure 3, a sliver L supplied via a sliver guide G is drafted by a draft device D composed of a back roller dl, a third roller d2, a second roller d3 with an apron and a front roller d4, and is then fed to a twist device T consisting of a nozzle member and a spindle member that can be contacted with and separated from each other, in which the sliver is formed into spun yarn Y, which is then passed through a spun yarn feed device H consisting of a nip roller hi and a delivery roller h2 and a slab catcher Z. The yarn Y is then wound around a package w3 driven by a friction roller wl and supported by a cradle arm w2 in a winding section W.

The twist device T consisting of the nozzle member N and the spindle member S is described below with reference to Figure 4.
nl is a nozzle gripped by a nozzle housing n2 and a flange portion n3' of a nozzle outer frame n3, and mounted by the nozzle housing n2 and the nozzle outer frame n3 by coupling the nozzle housing n2 and the nozzle outer frame n3 using a bolt n4. n5 is an air chamber formed of the nozzle nl and the nozzle housing n2, and an air injection holes n7 is formed in the tangential direction of the inner circumferential surface of the nozzle nl in such a way as to allow the air chamber n5 to communicate with a roughly cylindrical hollow chamber n6 in the nozzle nl. A plurality of, for example, four air injection holes n7 are formed along the circumference direction of the nozzle nl. The nozzle member N is mainly composed of the nozzle nl, the nozzle housing n2 and the nozzle outer frame n3.
si is a non-rotatable hollow spindle mounted on a spindle supporting frame s2 and having a hollow passage si1, and s3 is a sliding frame mounted on the nozzle outer frame n3 and having a guide hole s4 in which a guide rod G is loosely fitted. The sliding frame s3 has at its approximate center a hole s3' into which part of the spindle supporting frame s2 and the end part of the spun yarn exit side of the hollow spindle si mounted on the spindle supporting frame s2 is inserted.
Furthermore, the sliding frame s3 has a plurality of, for example, three holes s5 formed horizontally at appropriate intervals, and a flange

portion s6 having a bolt insertion hole s6 with a smaller diameter than the inner diameter of the hole s5 is swollen in the middle of the circumference of the hole s5. s7 is a protruding portion provided on the spindle supporting frame s2, the tip of which is inserted into the hole s5.
s8 is a bolt with a head s8* abutting the flange portion sG swollen in the hole s5 or located in proximity to the flange portion s6, a barrel s8" inserted into the bolt insertion hole s6 'and a tip screwed in the protruding portion s7 provided on the spindle supporting frame s2. s9 is a compression coil spring disposed between the flange portion s6 and the end surface of the protruding portion s7 provided on the spindle supporting frame s2. The spindle supporting frame s2 is coupled to the sliding frame s3 via the bolt s8, and the spindle supporting frame s2 and the sliding frame s3 are forced by the compression coil spring s9 to move apart.
s2' is an approximately disc-shaped fitting portion provided on the nozzle si side of the spindle supporting frame s2. The end of the spun yarn exit side of the hollow spindle si is shaped like a trumpet so as to guide the leading yarn that is passed through the hollow passage si' of the hollow spindle si during piecing operation.
slO is a pin protruding from the side wall of the sliding frame s3 and fitted in a recessed portion vl provided at the tip of an oscillating lever V that can be oscillated around a predetermined supporting point in the lateral direction in Figure 4 by a piston rod (not shown in the drawing).

Thus, the oscillating lever V can be moved leftward in Figure 4 to move the spindle member S leftward along the guide rod G via the pin slO fitted in the recessed portion vl in the oscillating lever V, thereby separating the spindle member S from the nozzle member N. Conversely, the spindle member S can be moved rightward to fit the fitting portion s2' of the spindle member S in an opening n3" of the nozzle outer frame n3 of the nozzle member N, thereby allowing the spindle member S to be coupled to the nozzle member N, as shown in Figure 4. d4' is a front bottom roller.
E is a fiber introduction member having a fiber introduction hole el with an approximately flat fiber guide surface el' and inserted into a recessed portion n8 formed on the front roller d4 side of the nozzle nl so as to be opposite to the tip si" of the hollow spindle si having the hollow passage si*. e2 is a needle shaped guide member mounted in the fiber introduction hole el and close to the tip si" of the hollow spindle si.
n9 is an air chamber provided in the nozzle member N and in communication with a suction duct via a hole (not shown in the drawing), and the suction duct is connected to an air suction device (not shown in the drawing) in order to maintain the air chamber n9 at a low negative pressure. Therefore, fly fibers generated in the hollow chamber n6 during producing the spun yarn Y are removed through the gap between the inner circumferential surface of the nozzle nl and the outer circumferential surface of the hollow spindle s1.

A process for producing the spun yarn Y using the twist device T consisting of the nozzle member N and the spindle member S is described below.
The drafted sliver L fed from the front roller d4 of the draft device D is sucked in to the fiber introduction hole el of the fiber introduction member E by a suction air current generated near the fiber introduction hole el by air jetted from the air injection holes n7 formed in the nozzle nl. Fibers f constituting the sliver L sucked in the fiber introduction hole el is fed along the approximately flat fiber guide surface el' and guided around the needle shaped guide member e2 mounted on the spindle member S side of the fiber guide surface el' while entering the approximately cylindrical hollow chamber n6. The fibers f constituting the sliver L sucked in the hollow chamber n6 are subjected to a rotating air current that is jetted from the air injection holes n7 and swirled over the outer circumference of the hollow spindle si at a high speed, and are separated from the sliver L while being twisted in the direction of the rotating air current. Part of the twisting applied by the rotating air current attempts to propagate toward the front roller d4, but the propagation is hindered by the needle shaped guide member e2 to prevent the sliver L fed from the front roller d4 from being twisted with the fibers. The twisted fibers f are formed sequentially into spun yarn Y, which is then passed through the hollow passage s1' of the hollow spindle s1 and fed toward the winding

section W.
In the conventional spinning apparatus, since the needle shaped member e2 is disposed opposite to the tip s1" of the fiber introduction side of the hollow spindle s1 as shown in Figures 4 and 5, the transfer passage for the fibers f passing from the needle shaped guide member e2 to the hollow passage slf of the hollow spindle s1 is narrow and may be blocked by leaves and other foreign matter contained in the sliver L, resulting in yarn breakage.
In addition, since the needle shaped member e2 is disposed opposite to the tip si" of the fiber introduction side of the hollow spindle si, the ballooning of the fibers f around the tip si" of the hollow spindle si is significant, disturbing the fibers f and preventing uniform spun yarn Y from being produced.
Furthermore, since the needle shaped member e2 is disposed opposite to the tip si" of the fiber introduction side of the hollow spindle si, this prevents the leading yarn from being passed through the hollow passage si' of the hollow spindle si and the fiber introduction hole el of the fiber introduction member E during piecing operation.
Furthermore, since the needle shaped member e2 is disposed opposite to the tip si" of the fiber introduction side of the hollow spindle si, the gap between the needle shaped guide member e2 and the hollow passage s1 of the hollow spindle s1 is small, increasing the tension of the fibers f

passing though this gap and resulting in hard spun yarn Y being produced. If the diameter of the hollow passage s1' of the hollow spindle si is increased to expand the gap between the needle shaped guide member e2 and the hollow passage si' of the hollow spindle si in order to solve the above problem, then the fibers f become difficult to bundle, resulting in degraded spinning capability.
It is an object of the present invention to solve the above problems with the conventional spinning apparatus for spinning yarn using a rotating air current and to provide a spinning apparatus with an improved spinning capability.
Summary of the Invention
To achieve this object, the present invention provides for an improved spinning apparatus for producing spun yarn having a no2zle that applies a rotating air current to fibers and a hollow spindle, characterized in that a fiber introduction member with a fiber guide surface having a torsion angle between 90 and 210° is disposed to supply fibers fed from the fiber introduction member directly to an input port of the hollow spindle. In addition, the torsion angle of said fiber guide surface is between 90 deg. and 210 deg. Furthermore, the direction of the torsion of the fiber guide surface is the same as that of the rotating air current provided by said nozzle. Furthermore, the fiber introduction member includes a roughly cylindrical outer frame member and a fiber guide member

in which a fiber guide surface having a torsion angle is formed. In addition, the detachable fiber introduction member is inserted into a hole portion formed on the front roller side of the nozzle. Furthermore, the detachable fiber introduction member is inserted into a hole formed on the front roller side of the nozzle.
Brief Description of the Drawing
Figure 1 is an enlarged exploded view of a fiber introduction member of a spinning apparatus according to the present invention.
Figure 2 is a perspective view of the fiber introduction member and a hollow spindle, including a partial cross section, that is used to describe a process for producing a spun yarn according to the spinning apparatus of the present invention.
Figure 3 is a schematic side view of a single spinning unit of the spinning apparatus.
Figure 4 is a vertical cross sectional view of a conventional twist device consisting of a nozzle member and a spindle member.
Figure 5 is a vertical cross sectional view of a conventional fiber introduction member and a hollow spindle.
Detailed Description of the preferred Embodiments
An embodiment of the present invention is described below mainly with

reference to Figures 1 and 2, but other embodiments also fall within the scope of this invention unless they deviate from the aim of the present invention.
A fiber introduction member E is composed of a roughly cylindrical outer frame member e3 fitted in the recessed portion n8 formed on the front roller d4 side of the nozzle nl, and a fiber guide member e4 shaped like an a truncated corn that is cut in half along the center line and the smaller diameter side of which is twisted relative to the larger diameter side, as shown in Figure 1. An inner hole e5 in the outer frame member e3 is formed as a hole shaped like a reverse truncated corn, as is apparent from the cross section of the circumferential wall of the outer frame member e3, including the center line that is shown with hatching in Figure 1. As shown in Figure 1, the fiber guide member e4 is inserted into the outer frame member e3 from its small diameter portion e6. Thus, the half of the inner hole e5 of the outer frame member e3 is occupied by the fiber guide member e4 with the remaining half forming a fiber introduction hole e7.
Next, the shape of a fiber guide surface e8 of the fiber guide member e4 that guides the fibers f along a rotating air current is described.
The fiber guide surface e8 of the twisted fiber guide member e4 shaped like a truncated corn that is cut in half along the center line, and is a surface that is twisted from the larger diameter side e9 of the fiber guide member e4 toward its smaller diameter side e6, and is also formed to extend

along the flow of a rotating suction air current generated near the fiber introduction hole e7 of the fiber introduction member E by air jetted from air injection holes n7. The torsion angle of the fiber guide surface e8 (the angle of a cutting line e6' of the smaller diameter side e6 of the fiber guide member e4 relative to a cutting line e9' of the larger diameter side e9 as seen from the larger diameter side e9 toward the smaller diameter side e6) should be 90° or more and preferably be between 90° and 210 ° , depending on the type and length of fibers constituting a sliver L, the count of twist for spun yarn Y, or the hardness of the fibers. The torsional direction of the fiber guide surface e8 may be opposite to that shown in Figure 1 depending on the direction of the rotating suction air current.
The fibers f transferred along the fiber guide surface e8 of the fiber guide member e4 by the rotating suction air current can be bundled more easily without the needle shaped guide member 2 by setting the torsion angle of the fiber guide surface e8 to a predetermined value, ensuring strong and flawless spun yarn Y with an improved parallelization degree of the fibers f. If the torsion angle of the fiber guide surface e8 is below 90° , the fibers f are distributed on the fiber guide surface e8 over a wide area and are difficult to bundle, degrading the parallelization degree of the fibers f, which causes the reduced strength and degraded appearance of the spun yarn Y. In addition, since the angle at which the fibers f are spirally

wound round the fiber guide surface e8 is small, the twist applied by the rotating air current propagates to a nip point formed by the front roller d4 and its bottom roller d4', thereby preventing the fibers f fed from the front rollers d4 from being opened easily. As a result, the proper spun yarn Y cannot be produced.
By increasing the torsion angle of the fiber guide surface e8, the fibers f can be bundled easily to produce the strong spun yarn Y with an improved parallelization degree of the fibers f while the propagation of twist toward the front roller d4 can be hindered. If, however, the torsion angle of the fiber guide surface e8 is increased excessively, the fibers f may not be transferred smoothly along the fiber guide surface e8 depending on their physical properties, including the length and hardness, which may prevent spun yarn Y from being produced effectively.
Thus, the torsion angle of the fiber guide surface e8 is set as appropriate based on an appropriate theory or experiments, the type of fiber f and the humidity. If spinning is executed at a high speed such as 300 m/min. and if the torsion angle of the fiber guide surface e8 is 360 ° or more, the fibers f may not be transferred smoothly due to resistance. Therefore, the appropriate torsional angle of the fiber guide surface e8 is between 90° to 210° .
Next, the operation of the fibers f introduced from the fiber introduction hole e7 of the fiber introduction member E is described with

reference to Figure 2, which is a perspective view of the fiber introduction member E assembled into the apparatus, including a partial cross section.
The rotating suction air current generated near the fiber introduction hole e7 of the fiber introduction member E by the rotating air current formed by compressed air jetted from the air injection holes n7 flows from the larger diameter side e9 of the fiber guide member e4 toward the smaller diameter side e6 along the fiber guide surface e8 twisted in the same direction as the rotating suction air current from the larger diameter side e9 toward the snaller diameter side e6. Consequently, the fibers f transferred on the rotating suction air current are distributed on the larger diameter side e9 of the fiber guide member e4, then gradually transferred along the twisted fiber guide surface e8 while being bundled, before being passed through the hollow chamber n6, in which they are twisted and sequentially formed into spun yarn Y, which then passes through the hollow passage si* of the hollow spindle si toward the winding section W.
As described above, since the present invention provides no needle shaped guide member e2 opposed to the tip s1" of the fiber introduction side of the hollow spindle s1, leaves and other foreign matter contained in the sliver L do not accumulate between the needle shaped guide member e2 and the hollow spindle s1, thereby reducing the frequency of yarn breakage and improving the spinning capability.

In addition, since the present invention provides no needle shaped guide member e2 opposed to the tip s1" of the fiber introduction side of the hollow spindle s1, the ballooning of the fibers f around the tip s1" of the hollow spindle s1 is not significant and unlikely to disturb the fibers f, enabling strong and uniform spun yarn Y to be produced.
Furthermore, since the present invention provides no needle shaped guide member e2 opposed to the tip s1" of the fiber introduction side of the hollow spindle s1, the leading yam can be easily passed through the hollow passage si' of the hollow spindle si and the fiber introduction hole e7 of the fiber introduction member E during piecing operation.
Furthermore, since the present invention provides no needle shaped guide member e2 opposed to the tip s1" of the fiber introduction side of the hollow spindle s1, the size of the hollow passage s1' of the hollow spindle s1 can be substantially increased to reduce the tension applied to the fibers f, thereby enabling soft and ductile spun yam to be produced.
The conventional fiber introduction member E with the needle shaped guide member e2 disposed therein is suitable for spinning short fibers f since, even if the fibers f constituting the sliver L are short (for example, the average length is 1 inch or less), the fibers f are guided to the needle shaped guide member e2, the tip of which is located in proximity to the hollow passage si1 of the hollow spindle si, or is inserted in the hollow passage s1', in which the spun yarn can be produced.

If the fibers f constituting the sliver L are long (for example, the average length is 1 inch or more), the gap between the needle shaped guide member e2 and the hollow passage si* of the hollow spindle si is small, increasing the tension of the fibers f passing though this gap and resulting in hard and less ductile spun yarn Y being produced.
On the other hand, since the present invention provides no needle shaped guide member e2, a smaller amount of tension is applied to the fibers f, enabling soft and ductile spun yarn to be produced.
Due to the above configuration, the present invention has the following effects.
Since the torsion angle of the fiber guide surface of the fiber introduction member is 90° or more, the fibers can be bundled easily without a needle shaped guide member. In addition, the present invention prevents leaves and other foreign matter contained in the sliver from accumulating between the needle shaped guide member and the hollow spindle, thereby reducing the frequency of yarn breakage and improving the spinning capability.
Since no needle shaped guide member is disposed, the ballooning of the fibers around the tip of the hollow spindle is not significant and unlikely to disturb the fibers, thereby enabling strong and uniform spun yarn to be produced.
Since no needle shaped guide member is disposed, the leading yarn can

be easily passed through the hollow spindle and the fiber introduction enter during piecing operation.
Since no needle shaped guide member is disposed, the size of the hollow passage in the hollow spindle can be substantially increased to reduce the tension applied to the fibers, thereby enabling soft and ductile spun yarn to be produced.
Since the fiber introduction member is conprised of the outer frame and fiber guide members, the fiber guide member with the fiber guide surface having a large torsion angle can be manufactured compared to the fiber introduction member integrally formed.
Since the detachable fiber introduction member is inserted into the recessed portion formed on the front roller side of the nozzle, the present invention can cope with changes in the sliver.




We Claim :
1. An improved spinning apparatus for producing spun yarn having a
nozzle that applies a rotating air current to fibers and a hollow spindle,
characterized in that a fiber introduction member with a fiber guide
surface having a torsion angle between 90 and 210° is disposed to supply
fibers fed from the fiber introduction member directly to an input port
of the hollow spindle.
2. An improved spinning apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein the
direction of the torsion of said fiber guide surface is the same as the
direction in which an air current provided by said nozzle swirls
3. An improved spinning apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein the fiber
introduction member comprises a cylindrical outer frame member and a
fiber guide member in which a fiber guide surface having said torsion
angle is formed.
4. An improved spinning apparatus as claimed in claim 1 wherein the
detachable fiber introduction member is inserted into a hole formed on
the front roller side of the nozzle.
5. An improved spinning apparatus substantially as herein described with
reference to and as illustrated in the accompanying drawings.


Documents:

3454-del-1997-abstract.pdf

3454-del-1997-claims.pdf

3454-del-1997-correspondence-others.pdf

3454-del-1997-correspondence-po.pdf

3454-del-1997-description (complete).pdf

3454-del-1997-drawings.pdf

3454-del-1997-form-1.pdf

3454-del-1997-form-19.pdf

3454-del-1997-form-2.pdf

3454-del-1997-form-3.pdf

3454-del-1997-form-4.pdf

3454-del-1997-form-6.pdf

3454-del-1997-gpa.pdf

3454-del-1997-pa.pdf

3454-del-1997petition-138.pdf


Patent Number 248887
Indian Patent Application Number 3454/DEL/1997
PG Journal Number 36/2011
Publication Date 09-Sep-2011
Grant Date 05-Sep-2011
Date of Filing 02-Dec-1997
Name of Patentee MURATA KIKAI KABUSHIKI KAISHA.
Applicant Address 3 MINAMI OCHIAI-CHO, KISSHOIN, MINAMI-KU, KYOTO-SHI, KYOTO 601, JAPAN.
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 KOJI DENO 14-2, IKESU-CHO, OMIHACHIMAN-SHI, SHIGA, JAPAN.
2 TOMOAKI TAKAHASHI, 14-153, RYOGAE-CHO,FUSHIMI-KU, KYOTO-SHI,KYOTO, JAPAN.
PCT International Classification Number D01H 007/00
PCT International Application Number N/A
PCT International Filing date
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 9-17925 1997-01-16 Japan