Title of Invention

"FUNGICIDAL COMPOSITIONS CONTAINING THE COPPER SALT OF ACETYLSALICYLIC ACID"

Abstract Fungicidal compositions containing the copper salt of acetylsalicylic acid having formula (1) with a fungicidal compound selected from: tetraconazole, difenoconazole, myclobutanil, flusilazole, epoxyconazole, fenpropimorph, fenpropidin, azoxystrobin, kresoxim-methyl, trifloxystrobin, metalaxyl, benalaxyl, IR6141, iprovalicarb, ethaboxam, IR5885, cyazofamid, cymoxanil, mancozeb, chlorothalonil, folpet, dithianon, copper hydroxide, copper oxychloride, cuprocalcium oxychloride; or containing the copper salt of salicylic acid having formula (2) and a fungicidal compound selected between IR6141 and IR5885; or containing the copper salt of 5-chlorosalicylic acid having formula (3) and a fungicidal compound consisting of IR6141; or containing the copper salt of 5-chloroacetylsalicylic acid having formula (4) and a fungicidal compound selected between IR6141 and IR5885; or containing the copper salt of 4-methoxysalicylic acid having formula (8) and a fungicidal compound consisting of IR5885; and the weight ratio of the copper salt and the fungicidal compound ranges between 2500:1 (1:4x10-4) and 1:9.
Full Text The present invention relates to compositions based on cupric salts for controlling phytopathogens.
The present invention also relates to cupric salts of derivatives of salicylic acid and their application for the control of phytopathogens.
Salicylic acid is a compound naturally present in many vegetables. It is definitely present in extracts of willow bark, used since antiquity as an anti-inflammatory remedy.
Nowadays, salicylic acid is conveniently synthesized on an industrial scale by the condensation of a phenolic salt with carbon dioxide. Many of its derivatives can be easily prepared by exploiting the particular reactivities of the phenolic ring, of the carboxylic group and phenolic hydroxyl. In particular, acetylsalicylic acid is universally known as a pharmaceutical product.
It has been demonstrated that salicylic acid is capable of controlling various phytopathogens through the precocious induction of defense systems naturally present in plants, but activated after infection. The presence of phytopathogens, in fact, causes a series of biochemical signals, among which an accumulation of salicylic acid in the vegetable tissues, which lead, for example, to the synthesis of specific proteins with a fungicidal activity.
It has been shown that an increase in the level of salicylic acid induced previous to fungal infections, causes a much more effective fungicidal response on the part of the plant itself (THE PLANT CELL, Vol. 8 (1996) pages 1809-1819).
To enable a fungicide to be economically acceptable in agronomic practice, it is essential for it to ensure a reliable and prolonged fungicidal action. The use of salicylic acid as such has been described as providing lower protective levels than those of other classical fungicides. For example, it is said that the control of grape mildew by the use of salicylic acid as such, is much lower than that obtained by the use of traditional cupric products.
The applicant has now found that cupric salts of some derivatives of salicylic acid are particularly convenient, with respect to those described in the state of
the art, for controlling bacterial and fungal phytopatho-gens. The applicant has found, in fact, that cupric salts of some derivatives of salicylic acid, when appropriately formulated, allow a prolonged protective action to be obtained on vegetables subjected to treatment, comparable to that of full doses of traditional cupric salts.
The cupric salts of derivatives of salicylic acid, object of the present invention, are moreover more effective than the corresponding non-salified derivative of salicylic acid, or salified with a different metal, in controlling phytopathogens on vegetables or parts thereof. This activity can be attributed to a concomitant induction effect reinforced by the direct action of the cupric ion. The activity registered is, in fact, also higher than that produced using a derivative of non-salified salicylic acid mixed with a traditional cupric fungicide.
An important aspect of the use of salts, object of the present invention, derives from the fact that the defense systems of plants activated by derivatives of salicylic acid have different action mechanisms and consequently allow an immunizing response which minimizes any possible production of resistant, strains.
The applicant has also found that these salts form an excellent means of controlling phytopathogens also in
vegetable varieties genetically modified for amplifying the original natural defense systems or in which one or more genes have been inserted, expressing fungicidal proteins as a result of variations in the content of salicylic acid itself in the tissues.
The applicant has additionally found that the joint application of salts of derivatives of salicylic acid, object of the present invention, with other active principles gives rise to a positive synergy of biological effects, which enable an excellent control of phytopatho-gens even resistant to said active principles, also on vegetables which have been genetically modified.
The present invention therefore relates to the use of cupric salts of derivatives of salicylic acid mixed with other active principles for the control of phytopa-thogens. Furthermore, the present invention also relates to some cupric salts of derivatives of salicylic acid as such and their use for the control of phytopathogens and the cupric salts themselves.
An object of the present invention consequently relates to fungicidal compositions containing one or more salts of derivatives of salicylic acid having formula (I) :
(Formula Removed)
wherein:
- R1 represents H, or a CO-R' acyl group;
- R2, the same or different when n is equal to 2, is a hydrogen, a halogen, optionally selected from fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine; a C3-C9 alkyl group; a C1-C9 haloalkyl group; a C1-C9 alkoxyl group; a C1-C9 haloalkoxyl group; a C1-C9 thioalkyl group; a C1-C9 ha-lothioalkyl group; a C3-C9 cycloalkyl group; a C2-C10 carboalkoxyl group; a cyano group; a phenyl group; a hydroxyl group;
- Rr represents a hydrogen; a C1-C9 alkyl group; a C1-C9 haloalkyl group; a C1-C9 alkoxyl group; a C1-C9 haloalkoxyl group; a C2-C10 carboalkoxyl group; a phenyl group;
- n is a number ranging from 0 to 2;
- X represents an oxygen atom, a nitrogen or a sulfur atom;
in any molar ratio, with at least one fungicidal compound not corresponding to a salt of derivatives of salicylic
acid having formula (I).
The compounds having formula (I) can also be present in a hydrated form by the coordination of any number of water molecules.
A further object of the present invention relates to salts of derivatives of salicylic acid having formula (I):
wherein:
- R1 represents H, or a CO-R' acyl group;
- R2, the same or different when n is equal to 2, is a halogen, optionally selected from fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine; a C1-C9 alkyl group; a C1-C9 haloal-kyl group; a C1-C9 alkoxyl group; a C1-C9 haloalkoxyl group; a C1-C9 thioalkyl group; a C1-C9 halothioalkyl group; a C3-C9 cycloalkyl group; a C2-C10 carboalkoxyl group; a cyano group; a phenyl group; a hydroxyl group;
- R' represents an alkyl group, optionally selected from methyl, propyl, isopropyl; or the haloalkyl group tri-
fluoromethyl; or hydrogen;
- n is a number ranging from 0 to 2;
- X represents an oxygen atom, a nitrogen or a sulfur atom;
with the exception, when X is equal to oxygen, of compounds wherein R1 represents the acyl group COCH3 and R2 is hydrogen or chlorine and compounds wherein R1 represents the acyl group COiPr or COEt and R2 is hydrogen.
The compounds having formula (I) can also be present in hydrated form by the coordination of any number of water molecules.
A further object of the present invention relates to the use of derivatives of salicylic acid having formula (I) :
wherein:
- R1 represents H, or a CO-R' acyl group;
R2, the same or different when n is equal to 2, is a halogen, optionally selected from fluorine, chlorine, bromine or iodine; a C1-C9 alkyl group; a C1-C9 haloal-
kyl group; a C1-C9 alkoxyl group; a C1-C9 haloalkoxyl group; a C1-C9 thioalkyl group; a C1-C9 halothioalkyl group; a C3-C9 cycloalkyl group; a C2-C10 carboalkoxyl group; a cyano group; a phenyl group; a hydroxyl group;
- R' represents an alkyl group, optionally selected from methyl, propyl, isopropyl; or the haloalkyl group tri-fluoromethyl; or hydrogen;
- n is a number ranging from 0 to 2;
- X represents an oxygen atom, a nitrogen or a sulfur atom;
for the control of phytopathogens on vegetables or parts thereof.
The compounds having formula (I) can also be present in hydrated form by the coordination of any number of water molecules.
The compositions according to the present invention which comprise one or more salts of derivatives of salicylic acid (I) associated with at least one other fungicidal compound not corresponding to a salt of derivatives of salicylic acid having formula (I), are therefore advantageously characterized by inducing natural defense together with the direct effect of the cupric ion, forming an excellent control system of phytopathogens which exerts a synergic action with many active principles,
representing an optimum instrument for anti-resistance strategies.
In particular, the fungicidal compound not corresponding to a salt of derivatives of salicylic acid having formula (I) can be selected from inhibitors of ergos-terol biosynthesis, inhibitors of mitochondrial respiration, acylanilines, systemic anti-mildew fungicides, a dipeptide with a fungicidal activity, cytotropic anti-mildew fungicides, contact fungicides, cupric fungicides, inhibitor fungicides of melanin biosynthesis.
A fungicidal compound not corresponding to a salt of derivatives of salicylic acid having formula (I) is preferably selected from tetraconazole, difenoconazole, my-clobutanil, flusilazole, epoxyconazole, fenpropimorf, fenpropidin, azoxystrobin, kresoxym methyl, trifloxystro-bin, metalaxyl, benalaxyl in its racemic form or as an optically active R isomer (called IR 6141), iprovalicarb, ethaboxam, cyazofamid, cymoxanyl, mancozeb, clorotalonil, folpet, ditianon, copper hydroxide, copper oxychloride, cuprocalcium oxychloride.
For these preferred compositions, as can be observed in the experimental examples, an extremely important synergic effect has been identified.
In the above formulae, C1-C9 alkyl group refers to a linear or branched C1-C9 alkyl group, optionally substi-
tuted by one or more substituents, the same or different from each other.
Examples of this group are: methyl, ethyl, propyl, isopropyl, butyl, isobutyl, terbutyl.
C1-C9 haloalkyl group refers to a linear or branched alkyl group substituted by one or more halogen atoms, the same or different, optionally selected from fluorine, chlorine, bromine, iodine.
Examples of this group are: fluoromethyl, difluo-
romethyl, trifluoromethyl, trichloromethyl, 2,2,2-
trifluoroethyl, 2,2,2-trichloroethyl, 2,2,3,3-
tetrafluoropropyl, 2,2,3,3,3-pentafluoropropyl.
C1-C9 alkoxyl group refers to a C1-C9 alkoxyl group, wherein the aliphatic portion is a C1-C9 alkyl group, as defined above.
Examples of this group are: methoxyl, ethoxyl.
C1-C9 haloalkoxyl group refers to a C1-C9 haloalkoxyl group, wherein the aliphatic portion is a C1-C9 haloalkyl group, as defined above.
Examples of this group are: trifluoromethoxyl, 1,1,2,2-tetrafluoroethyoxyl, 1,1,2,3,3, 3-hexafluoroprop-yloxyl.
C1-C9 thioalkyl group refers to a C1-C9 thioalkyl group, wherein the aliphatic portion is a C1-C9 alkyl group, as defined above. Examples of this group' are:
thiomethyl, thioethyl.
C1-C9 halothioalkyl group refers to a C1-C9 halothioalkyl group, wherein the aliphatic portion is a C1-Cg ha-loalkyl group, as defined above.
Examples of this group are: trifluorothiomethoxyl, 1,1,2,2-tetrafluorothioethoxyl.
C3-C9 cycloalkyl group refers to a cycloalkyl group whose ring consists of 3-6 carbon atoms, optionally substituted by one or more substituents, the same or different to each other.
Examples of this group are: cyclopropyl, cyclobutyl, cyclopentyl, cyclohexyl.
C2-C10 carboalkoxyl group refers to a carboalkoxyl group, wherein the aliphatic portion is a C1-C9 alkyl group, as defined above.
Examples of this group are: carboxymethyl, car-boxyethyl, carboxypropyl.
Optionally substituted refers to one or more substituents, the same or different, selected from the following groups: halogen atoms, alkyls, alkoxyls, alky lthio, cyano, hydroxy, aminocarbonyls, carboalkoxyls.
R2 is preferably selected from fluorine, chlorine, methyl, trifluoromethyl, hydroxyl.
Some further examples of fungicides which can be used in the compositions according to the present inven-
tion are listed below. Among others, one or more of the following fungicides can therefore be selected:
1. as inhibitors of ergosterol biosynthesis, for example, triazole, imidazole, pyrimidine and pyridine fungicides and/or derivatives of morpholine or piperidine;
2. as inhibitors of mitochondrial respiration, for example, analogous synthetic products of strobilurine, or fenamidone, famoxadone, ethaboxam, fluazinam or cyazofamid;
3. among acylanilines, metalaxyl or benalaxyl, in their racemic form or as optically active R isomers, oxa-dixyl and/or ofurace;
4. as systemic anti-mildew fungicides, iprovalicarb, dime thomorph, flumetover, the Chinese product SYP-L-190, a dipeptide with a fungicidal activity, propamo-carb and/or zoxamide;
5. as cytotropic anti-mildew fungicides, cymoxanyl;
6. as contact fungicides, chlorothalonil, folpet, thi-ram, propineb, maneb, zineb, dichlofluanide, tolil-fluanide, captan, folpet and/or dithianon;
7. as cupric fungicide, copper hydroxide Cu(0H)2, copper oxychloride (3Cu(OH)2- Cu(Cl)2), cuprocalcium oxy-chloride (3Cu(OH)2- Ca(Cl)2), and/or tribasic copper sulfate (3Cu(OH)2- Cu(S04) ) ;
8. as inhibitor fungicide of melanin biosynthesis/ tri-
cycloazole and/or carpropamid.
Examples of triazole fungicides are: tetraconazole, epoxyconazole, difenoconazole, etc.
Examples of pyrimidine fungicides are: nuarimol, fenarimil, etc.
Examples of derivatives of morpholine are: fenpropi-morf/ fenpropidin, spiroxamina.
Examples of analogous products of strobilurine are: azoxystrobin, kresoxim methyl, pyraclostrobin, etc.
Fungicidal compounds not corresponding to a salt of derivatives of salicylic acid having formula (I) are commercial compounds or products about to be commercialized. Their description can be easily fund in technical literature, for example in "The pesticide manual", 2000, XII edition, British Crop Protection Council Ed.
Dipeptide derivative with a fungicidal activity refers to one of the compounds among those claimed in patent application EP 1028125.
The compounds having formula (I) can be easily obtained by means of numerous synthetic methods. For illustrative but non-limiting purposes, for example, the following preparation for compounds having formula (I), wherein X has the meaning of oxygen and Ri is a -CO-R' acyl group, is provided (Scheme A):
Scheme A
(Scheme Removed)
The acid having formula (II) is acylated with an acyl chloride having formula (III) in an organic solvent such as dichloromethane, or 1,2-dichloroethane, or ethyl acetate in the presence of an organic base, such as pyridine or triethylamine, or inorganic, such as sodium or potassium bicarbonate, or the acid having formula (II) is acylated with the anhydride (IV) under similar conditions, or also using the same anhydride (IV) as solvent. The acid derivative having formula (V) is then dissolved in water by means of an organic base, such as sodium or
potassium bicarbonate, sodium or potassium hydroxide, and the copper salt (IV) is added to the resulting solution, wherein X can be a halogen, such as chlorine or bromine, or the sulfate ion, or perchlorate, dissolved in water, obtaining a compound having formula (I). Alternatively, it is possible to use copper hydroxide or carbonate in the presence of the acid form (V), with or without an additional base, such as an organic amine, for example tri-ethylamine, as catalyst.
For the preparation of the compounds having formula (I), wherein X has the meaning of nitrogen and sulfur, the same procedure is adopted as described above, using the corresponding acids having formula (II).
The salts having formula (I) wherein Rt has the meaning of hydrogen are analogously obtained from the compound (II) operating according to the procedure described for the transformation of the intermediate (V) into the salt (I).
The salts derivatives of salicylic acid having formula (I) alone or in compositions with at least one other active principle are capable of controlling many fungal and bacterial phytopathogens, also with a reduced sensitivity towards other fungicides.
For purely illustrative and without any limiting purposes, some examples are listed below, of phytopatho-
gens controlled by compounds having formula (I) alone or in a mixture, together with examples of possible application crops:
Plasmopara viticola on grapes; Peronospora tabacina on tobacco; Venturia inaequalis on apple-trees; Bremia on salads, spinach; Phytophthora spp. on vegetables; Pseudoperonospora cubensis on cucurbitaceae; Pyxicularia orizae on rice.
Both compositions containing one or more salts of derivatives of salicylic acid having formula (I) , and salts of derivatives of salicylic acid having formula (I), object of the present invention, are capable of exerting a high fungicidal action of both a curative and preventive nature and additionally have a low or absence of phytotoxicity.
A further object of the present invention therefore relates to a method for controlling phytopathogen fungi in agricultural crops by the application of the compounds having formula (I) or mixtures of these associated with at least one other fungicidal compound not corresponding to a salt of derivatives of salicylic acid having formula (I) .
More specifically, an object of the present inven-
tion relates to a method which can be applied to agricultural crops for controlling phytopathogens sensitive or tolerant to fungicides not corresponding to a salt of a derivative of salicylic acid having formula (I).
The guantity of compound to be applied for obtaining the desired effect can vary in relation to various factors such as, for example, the crop to be preserved, the type of pathogen, the degree of infection, the climatic conditions, the formulation adopted.
Doses of compound ranging from 10 g to 5 Kg per hectare generally provide sufficient control.
For practical use in agriculture, it is often convenient to adopt fungicidal compositions containing one or more compounds having general formula (I) or mixtures of these with at least one fungicidal compound not corresponding to a salt having formula (I).
The application of the compositions, object of the present invention, can take place on any part of the plant, for example on the leaves, stems, branches and roots or on the seeds themselves before sowing, or also on the ground in which the plant grows.
Compositions can be used, in the form of dry powders, wettable powders, emulsifiable concentrates, micro-emulsions, pastes, granulates, solutions, suspensions, etc.: the selection of the type of composition depends on
the specific use.
The compositions are prepared according to the known methods, for example by diluting or dissolving the active substance with a solvent and/or solid diluent medium, optionally in the presence of surface-active agents.
Silica, kaolin, bentonite, talc, fossil flour, dolomite, calcium carbonate, magnesia, chalk, clays, synthetic silicates, attapulgite, sepiolite, can be used as solid inert diluents, or carriers.
In addition to water, various solvents such as aromatic solvents (xylols, mixtures of alkylbenzols); paraffins (petroleum fractions); alcohols (methanol, propanol, butanol, octanol, glycerin); amines; amides (N, N-dimethylformamide, N-methylpyrrolidone) ; ketones (cyclo-hexanone, acetone, acetophenone, isophorone, ethylamylke-tone); esters (isobutyl acetate, methyl esters of fatty acids obtained for example by the transesterification of vegetable oils), can be used as liquid diluents.
Sodium, calcium, triethanolamine salts, or trieth-ylamine salts of alkylsulfonates, alkylarylsulfonates, or polyethoxylated alkylphenols, or fatty alcohols condensed with ethylene oxide, or polyoxyethylated fatty acids, or polyoxyethylated esters of sorbitol, or ligninsulfonates, can be used as surface-active agents.
The compositions can also contain special additives
for particular purposes such as, for example, adhesion agents, such as gum arabic, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyacrylates.
In the above compositions, the concentration of active substances varies from 0.1% to 98%, preferably from 0.5% to 90%.
If desired, it is possible to also add other compatible active principles to the compositions, object of the present invention, such as phytoregulators, antibiotics, herbicides, insecticides, fertilizers.
The following examples are provided for illustrative purposes only and do not limit the scope of the present invention. EXAMPLE 1
Preparation of the copper salt of acetylsalicylic acid (Compound Nr. 1)
3 g of acetylsalicylic acid are added to a solution of 1.39 g of sodium bicarbonate in 15 cm3 of water. When the acid is completely dissolved, a solution of 2.07 g of cupric sulfate in 15 cm3 of water are slowly added drop-wise. After 3 hours, the precipitate thus obtained is filtered and washed with hexane, obtaining, after drying in air, 3.4 g of compound Nr. 1 (yield: 48.4%). The analytical composition of compound Nr. 1 is indicated in Table 1.
EXAMPLE 2
The following . compounds, whose analytical composition is indicated in Table 1, were prepared analogously to the procedure described in Example 1:
• copper salt of salicylic acid (Compound Nr. 2)
• copper salt of 5-chlorosalicylic acid (Compound Nr. 3)
• copper salt of 5-chloroacetylsalicylic acid (Compound
Nr. 4)
• copper salt of 5-hydroxysalicylic acid (Compound Nr. 5)
• copper salt of 6-hydroxysalicylic acid (Compound Nr. 6)
• copper salt of 3-methylsalicylic acid (Compound Nr. 7)
• copper salt of 4-methoxysalicylic acid (Compound Nr. 8)Table 1
(Table Removed)
Notes:
a) values obtained by elemental analysis;
b) values obtained by gravimetric analysis;
c) the expected values are indicated in brackets. EXAMPLE 3
Efficacy of compound Nr. 1 mixed with another fungicidal compound in the control of Venturia inaequalis on apple-tree in preventive leaf application (greenhouse test) Table 2.
Leaves of wild-type apple-tree, cultivated in vases,
in a conditioned environment [24 ± 1°C, 70% relative humidity) are treated by spraying both sides of the leaves with compound Nr. 1 mixed with another fungicide dispersed in a hydroacetone solution at 20% by volume of acetone containing 0.3% of tween 20.
After remaining 4 8 hours in a conditioned environment, the plants are infected on the lower and higher sides with an aqueous suspension of spores of Venturia
inaequalis (200,000 spores per cm3).
The plants are kept in a humidity saturated environment, at 21 °C, for the incubation period of the fungus and, at the end of this period (14 days), the fungicidal activity is evaluated according to a percentage evaluation scale from 100 (healthy plant) to 0 (completely infected plant).
From the data indicated in Table 2, the synergic effect of the mixtures, consisting of compound Nr. 1 and another fungicide belonging to the various groups cited above, can be observed, compared with the efficacy calculated using the Limpel formula ("Pesticide Science" (1987), vol. 19, pages 309-315:
E = x + y -(xy/100) wherein:
- E is the expected fungicidal activity, without synergic effects, from a mixture obtained by mixing g-x of the compound X with g-y of the compound Y;
- x is the activity of the compound X when used alone at a dose of g-x;
- y is the activity of the compound Y when used alone at
a dose of g-y;
When the fungicidal activity experimentally evaluated is greater than the value of E, this activity should be considered as a synergic effect.
Table 2 The preventive activity after a day on Venturis inaequalis of compound Nr. 1 at 125 ppm (g-x) is 95 (x)
(Table Removed)
]EXAMPLE 4
Efficacy of compound Nr. 1 mixed with another fungicidal compound in the control of Plasmopara viticola on grapes in preventive leaf application (greenhouse test) Table 3.
Leaves of cultivar Dolcetto grape vines, cultivated
in vases, in a conditioned environment (20 ± 1°C, 7 0% relative humidity) are treated by spraying both sides of the leaves with compound Nr. 1 mixed with another fungicide dispersed in a hydroacetone solution at 10% by volume of acetone containing 0.3% of tween 20.
After remaining 24 hours in a conditioned environment, the plants are infected on the lower side with an aqueous suspension of spores of Plasmopara viticola
(200,000 spores per cm3).
The plants are kept in a humidity saturated environment, at 21 °C, for the incubation period of the fungus and, at the end of this period (7 days), the fungicidal activity is evaluated according to a percentage evaluation scale from 100 (healthy plant) to 0 (completely infected plant).
From the data indicated in Table 3, the synergic effect of the mixtures, consisting of compound Nr. 1 and another fungicide belonging to the various groups cited above, can be observed, compared with the efficacy calculated using the Limpel formula ("Pesticide Science" (1987), vol. 19, pages 309-315:
E = x + y -(xy/100) wherein:
- E is the expected fungicidal activity, without synergic effects, from a mixture obtained by mixing g-x of the compound X with g-y of the compound Y;
- x is the activity of the compound X when used alone at a dose of g-x;
- y is the activity of the compound Y when used alone at a dose of g-y;
When the fungicidal activity experimentally evaluated is greater than the value of E, this activity should be considered as a synergic effect.
24

Table 3
The preventive activity after a day on Plasmopara
viticola of compound Nr. 1 at 30 ppm (g-x) is 53 (x)
(Table Removed)
* Test effected on an isolated portion of the phytopatho-
gen with a reduced sensitivity.
EXAMPLE 5
Fungicidal efficacy of compounds having formula (I) in
the control of Plasmopara viticola on grapes (field test)
Table 4, Table 5 and Table 6.
The efficacy field tests for the control of Plasmopara viticola are carried out using an experimental
scheme with, randomized blocks which comprise 4 replications and 6-8 plants by repetition.
The grape plants, Barbera variety, are treated by spraying both sides of the leaves either with a compound having formula (I) or with a mixture containing one or more salts having formula (I) and another fungicide, object of the present invention, formulated as wettable powder WP50.
The tests are carried out by treatment at a fixed period of 7 days for the mixtures of a compound of formula (I) with IR6141 and at a fixed period of 10 days for the mixtures of a compound of formula (I) with IR 5885.
The measurements, made when the presence of the pathogen is observed on the non-treated blank plot, are effected on both the leaves and the cluster.
The measurement on the leaves is effected by counting 100 grape leaves per plot (total 400 leaves) and marking the leaf surface percentage struck by the disease.
The measurement on the clusters, on the other hand, is effected by analyzing all the clusters and considering the percentage of surface damaged.
The data relating to the field tests of compounds Nr. 2-4 compared with Mancozeb and copper oxychloride, are provided in Table 4.
Table 4
(Table Removed)
(gpa/hl) = grams of active principle per hectoliter * = incidence of the disease.
The data relating to the field tests of compounds Nr. 1-4, mixed with IR6141 are provided in Table 5, the data relating to the field tests of compounds Nr. 1, 2, 4 and 8, mixed with IR5885 are provided in Table 6.
Table 5
(Table Removed)
(gpa/hl) = grams of active principle per hectoliter '
* = incidence of the disease.
Table 6
(Table Removed)
(gpa/hl) = grams of active principle per hectoliter * = incidence of the disease.
















We Claim:
1. Fungicidal compositions containing the copper salt of acetylsalicylic acid having formula (1):
(Formula Removed)
with a fungicidal compound selected from: tetraconazole, difenoconazole, myclobutanil, flusilazole, epoxyconazole, fenpropimorph, fenpropidin, azoxystrobin, kresoxim-methyl, trifloxystrobin, metalaxyl, benalaxyl, IR6141, iprovalicarb, ethaboxam, IR5885, cyazofamid, cymoxanil, mancozeb, chlorothalonil, folpet, dithianon, copper hydroxide, copper oxychloride, cuprocalcium oxychloride; or containing the copper salt of salicylic acid having formula (2)
(Formula Removed)
and a fungicidal compound selected between IR6141 and IR5885; or containing the copper salt of 5-chlorosalicylic acid having formula (3)
(Formula Removed)
and a fungicidal compound consisting of IR6141; or containing the copper salt of 5-chloroacetylsalicylic acid having formula (4)


(Formula Removed)
and a fungicidal compound selected between IR6141 and IR5885; or containing the copper salt of 4-methoxysalicylic acid having formula (8)
(Formula Removed)
and a fungicidal compound consisting of IR5885;
and the weight ratio of the copper salt and the fungicidal compound ranges between 2500:1 (1:4x10-4) and 1:9.
2. The compositions as claimed in claim 1, wherein they are formulated as dry powders, wettable powders, emulsifiable concentrates, microemulsions, pastes, granulates, solutions, suspensions.
3. The compositions as claimed in claim 1, wherein they contain additives as adhesion agents, such as gum arabic, polyvinyl alcohol, polyvinylpyrrolidone, polyacrylates and/or other compatible active principles such as phyto-regulatots, antibiotics, herbicides, insecticides, fertilizers.
4. The compositions as claimed in claim 1, wherein the concentration of the active substances range from 0.1% to 98%, preferably from 0.5% to 90%.

Documents:

1290-DELNP-2004-Abstract-(10-11-2010).pdf

1290-delnp-2004-abstract.pdf

1290-DELNP-2004-Claims-(10-11-2010).pdf

1290-delnp-2004-claims.pdf

1290-DELNP-2004-Correspondence Others-(29-03-2011).pdf

1290-DELNP-2004-Correspondence-Others-(10-11-2010).pdf

1290-delnp-2004-correspondence-others.pdf

1290-DELNP-2004-Description (Complete)-(10-11-2010).pdf

1290-delnp-2004-description (complete).pdf

1290-DELNP-2004-Form-1-(10-11-2010).pdf

1290-delnp-2004-form-1.pdf

1290-delnp-2004-form-18.pdf

1290-DELNP-2004-Form-2-(10-11-2010).pdf

1290-delnp-2004-form-2.pdf

1290-delnp-2004-form-3.pdf

1290-delnp-2004-form-5.pdf

1290-DELNP-2004-GPA-(10-11-2010).pdf

1290-delnp-2004-gpa.pdf

1290-delnp-2004-pct-101.pdf

1290-delnp-2004-pct-105.pdf

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Patent Number 248655
Indian Patent Application Number 1290/DELNP/2004
PG Journal Number 31/2011
Publication Date 05-Aug-2011
Grant Date 01-Aug-2011
Date of Filing 13-May-2004
Name of Patentee ISAGRO S.P.A.,
Applicant Address VIA FELICE CASATI, 20, I-20124 MILAN, ITALY.
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 LUCIO FILIPPINI VIA MORANDI 13, I-20097 SAN DONATO MILANESE, ITALY.
2 MARILENA GUSMEROLI VIA DON VALENTINI 20, I-20052 MONZA, ITALY.
3 ALEXIA ELMINI CORSO TORINO 8, I-13040 BURONZO, ITALY.
4 CARLO GARAVAGLIA VIALE ROMA 1/A, I-20012 CUGGIONO, ITALY.
5 LUIGI MIRENNA GAMBOLOITA 4, I-20139 MILAN, ITALY.
PCT International Classification Number C07F 3/14
PCT International Application Number PCT/EP02/12982
PCT International Filing date 2002-11-18
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 MI01A002430 2001-11-19 Italy