Title of Invention

"HUMAN MONOCLONAL ANTIBODY SPECIFIC FOR LIPOPOLYSACCHARIDES (LPS) OF SEROTYPE IATS 06 OF PSEUDOMONAS AERUGINOSA"

Abstract The present invention relates to a human monoclonal antibody specific for the serotype IATS 06 of P. aeruginosa, a hybridoma producing it, nucleic acids encoding it, and host cells transfected therewith. Further, the present invention relates to methods for producing said monoclonal antibody. In addition, the present invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions comprising at least one antibody or at least one nucleic acid encoding said antibody.
Full Text The present invention relates to a human monoclonal antibody specific for the serotype IATS 06 of P. aeruginosa, a hybridoma producing it, nucleic acids encoding it, and host cells transfected therewith. Further, the present invention relates to methods for producing said monoclonal antibody. In addition, the present invention relates to pharmaceutical compositions comprising at least one antibody or at least one nucleic acid encoding said antibody.
Infectious diseases emerged drastically during the last decades. Infectious diseases, including respiratory infections, are one of the world's leading causes of illness. In 1998, infectious diseases claimed 16 million lives and ranked as the world's second leading cause of death. One of the biggest problems are hospital-acquired or nosocomial infections. Such infections have increased from 7.2/1000 patient days in 1975 to 9.8/1000 patient days in 1995, an increase of 36%. Together with methicillin-resistant S. aureus (MRSA) and vancomycin-resistant enterococci (VRE), P. aeruginosa is responsible for up to 34% of all nosocomial infections. Main victims of P. aeruginosa infections are cystic fibrosis patients, burn victims, intubated patients, patients in intensive care units, cancer and AIDS patients, as well as immunosuppressed patients having undergone organ transplantation.
For the prevention of chronic P. aeruginosa infections in cystic fibrosis patients, an octavalent conjugate-vaccine consisting of the 8 most relevant LPS serotypes of P. aeruginosa coupled to detoxified Toxin A of P. aeruginosa has been established for active immunization. Long-term studies with this vaccine have shown that the ratio of chronically infected patients dropped from about 72% to 32% at the age of 18 years. However, active vaccination is only possible in immunocompetent patients, as well as in predictable situations. Thus, most of the P. aeruginosa victims cannot be immunized actively with the octavalent vaccine. Due to this and due to the fact that most P. aeruginosa strains are multi-drug resistant, there is a need for an alternative therapeutic tool to treat P. aemg/nosa-infected patients. One attempt is to create human monoclonal antibodies on the basis of hybridoma technology or using the phage display repertoire cloning.
Both methods and the antibodies created thereby show serious drawbacks.

The hybridoma technology is based on the eliciting of murine B cells of desired specificity by immunization with an antigen of choice and immortalization by fusion with a myeloma partner, which is the classical "Kohler and Milstein" approach. Thereafter, the genetic information of an antibody-producing clone can be recloned and humanized, either by CDR-grafting or phage display technology.
It is known that murine monoclonal antibodies directed to bacterial LPS recognize other epitopes than human antibodies. Therefore, generation of monoclonal antibodies in mice followed by humanization would not necessarily result in the isolation of antibodies with specificity of interest for the use in humans. There have been different attempts in generating human monoclonal antibodies to LPS moieties of P. aeruginosa. However, many of them lack effector functions and thus were not protective.
Accordingly, one technical problem underlying the present invention is to provide a human monoclonal antibody specific to LPS of a particular serotype of P. aeruginosa wherein the antibody exhibits high protective capacity, in particular in vivo.
The technical problem is solved by the human monoclonal antibodies as defined in the following.
According to the present invention, a human monoclonal antibody specific for LPS of the P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06 is provided wherein the variable region of the light chain of the antibody comprises at least one of SEQ ID NO:1 in the CDR1 region, SEQ ID NO: 2 in the CDR2 region and SEQ ID N0:3 in the CDR3 region, and wherein the variable region of the heavy chain of the antibody comprises at least one of SEQ ID NO:4 in the CDR1 region, SEQ ID N0:5 in the CDR2 region and SEQ ID.NO. 6 in the CDR3 region; or a fragment or derivative thereof capable of binding to said LPS.
The present invention further provides a hybridoma capable of producing the monoclonal antibody and nucleic acids encoding the light and heavy chain of the antibody, respectively. Further, the present invention provides vectors and host cells, comprising the nucleic acid. In addition, methods for producing the monoclonal antibodies are provided. In addition, pharmaceutical compositions comprising at least one antibody and/or at least one nucleic acid and second medical uses thereof are provided.

Surprisingly, it has been found that the human monoclonal antibodies according to the invention exhibit high protective capacity. In particular, the human monoclonal antibody proved to be opsonophagocytic in vitro. Even more important, the monoclonal antibodies according the present invention exhibit in vivo protective capacity as determined by the protection of sepsis in the murine bum wound model as shown in the examples.
According to the present invention the antibody is specific for the LPS of P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06 and exhibits a value of opsonophagocytosis as determined by using fluorescence-conjugate bacteria of less than 0.01 µg/ml. No prior art antibody has been reported exhibiting an opsonophagocytic activity.
Contrary to prior art antibodies, the monoclonal antibody according to the present invention recognizes clinical isolates with high specificity. 38 of 38 samples of patients infected with P. aeruginosa of the IATS 06 serotype were identified using this antibody. Without being bound by theory, it is assumed that the monoclonal antibody is capable of recognizing each of the subtypes of IATS 06 known in the prior art. This property renders the antibody particularly useful for diagnosis and therapy. Thus, the antibody according to the present invention exhibits an insurmountable reliability.
The term "human monoclonal antibody" as used herein encompasses any partially or fully human monoclonal antibody independent of the source from which the monoclonal antibody is obtained. The production of the human monoclonal antibody by a hybridoma is preferred. The monoclonal antibody may also be obtained by genetic engineering and in particular CDR grafting of the CDR segments as defined in the claims onto available monoclonal antibodies by replacing the CDR regions of the background antibody with the specific CDR segments as defined in the claims.
The term "CDR region" means the complementarity determining region of an antibody, i.e. the region determining the specificity of an antibody for a particular antigen. Three CDR regions (CDR1 to CDR3) are responsible for antigen binding on the heavy chain.
The positions of the CDR regions within the heavy chain are as follows:
CDR1 region amino acids 31 to 35 within the VH exon CDR2 region amino acids 50 to 65 within the VH exon CDR3 region amino acids 95 and following amino acids within the VH exon

The positions of the CDR regions are independent from the class of antibody, i.e. IgM, IgA of IgG.
The positions of the CDR regions of the kappa light chain are as follows:
CDR1 region amino acids 24 to 34 within the Vχ exon CDR2 region amino adds 50 to 56 within the Vχ exon CDR3 region amino acids 89 and following amino acids within the Vχ exon
The positions of the CDR region within the lambda type light chain are as follows-.
CDR1 region amino acids 23 to 36 within the Vχ exon CDR2 region amino acids 49 to 60 within the Vχ exon CDR3 region amino acids 88 and following amino acids within the Vλ exon
Amino acid alignments of the VH, Vχ and Vχ exon can be obtained from V base index. (http-.www.mrc-cpe.cam.ac.uk/vbase-ok.php?menu=901).
The term "serotype" means any known serotype of P. aeruginosa. A concordance table of the different nomenclatures presently used for different P. aerug/nosa serotypes is shown in table I in the specification.
The term "fragment" means any fragment of the antibody capable of binding to the LPS serotype. The fragment has a length of at least 10, preferably 20, more preferably 50 amino acids. It is preferred that the fragment comprises the binding region of the antibody. It is preferred that the fragment is a Fab or F(ab')2 fragment or a mixture thereof.
The term "derivative' encompasses any muteins of the human monoclonal antibody differing by the addition, deletion, and/or substitution of at least one amino acid. Preferably, the derivative is a mutein of the human monoclonal antibody wherein the mutein carries at least one conservative substitution in any of the CDR's in the heavy chain and/or light chain as indicated in the claims. More preferably, the mutein has not more than 5, particularly preferred not more than 2 conservative substitutions. The

capacity of the fragment or derivative of the antibody to bind to the particular LPS serotype is determined by direct ELISA as described in the material and methods section: the particular LPS is immobilized on the solid phase of ELISA plates. Antibody fragments or derivative of the antibodies are incubated with the immobilized LPS, and bound antibodies or derivatives thereof are visualized by a suitable enzyme-conjugated secondary antibody.
In accordance with the present invention, the term "conservative substitution" means a replacement of one amino acid belonging to a particular physico-chemical group with an amino acid belonging to the same physico-chemical group. The physico-chemical groups are defined as follows:
The group of non-polar amino acids comprises: glycine, alanine, valine, leucine, isoleucine, methionine, proline, phenylalanine, and tryptophan. The group of amino acids having uncharged polar side chains comprises asparagine, glutamine, tyrosine, cysteine, and cystine. The physico-chemical group of amino acids having a positively charged polar side chain comprises lysine, arginine, and histidine. The physico-chemical group of amino acids having a negatively charged polar side chain comprises aspartic acid and glutamic acid, also referred to as aspartate and glutamate.
According to the present invention, an antibody specific for LPS of the P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06 is provided as outlined above.
According to a further embodiment the present invention provides a human monoclonal antibody specific for LPS or the P. aeruginosa LPS serotype IATS O6 wherein the variable region of the light chain of the antibody has the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:7 and the variable region of the heavy chain has the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID NO:8; or a variant of said antibody capable of binding said LPS wherein the variable region of the amino acid sequence of the light chain of the antibody is at least 85% homologous to SEQ ID NO:7 and the amino acid sequence of the variable region of the heavy chain of the antibody is at least 85% homologous to SEQ ID NO:8.
The term "homology" known to the person skilled in the art designates the degree of relatedness between two or more polypeptide molecules, which is determined by the agreement between the sequences. The percentage "homology" is found from the percentage of homologous regions in two or more sequences, taking account of gaps or other sequence features.

The homology of mutually related polypeptides can be determined by means of known procedures. As a rule, special computer programs with algorithms taking account of the special requirements are used. Preferred procedures for the determination of homology firstly generate the greatest agreement between the sequences studied. Computer programs for the determination of the homology between two sequences include, but are not limited to, the GCG program package, including GAP (Devereux J et al., Nucleic Acids Research 12 (12): 387 (1984); Genetics Computer Group University of Wisconsin, Madison (Wl); BLASTP, BLASTN and FASTA (Altschul S et al., J. Molec. Biol. 215: 403-410 (1990)). The BLAST X program can be obtained from the National Centre for Biotechnology Information (NCBI) and from other sources (BLAST Handbook, Altschul S et al., NCB NLM NIH Bethesda MD 20894; Altschul S et al., J. Mol. 215: 403-410 (1990)). The well-known Smith Waterman algorithm can also be used for the determination of homology.
Preferred parameters for the sequence comparison include the following:
Algorithm: Needleman and Wunsch, J. Mol. Biol. 48 (1970), 443-453
Comparison matrix: BLOSUM62 from Henikoff & Henikoff, PNAS USA 89 (1992),
10915-10919
Gap penalty: 12
Gap-length penalty: 2
The GAP program is also suitable for use with the above parameters. The above parameters are the standard parameters (default parameters) for amino acid sequence comparisons, in which gaps at the ends do not decrease the homology value. With very small sequences compared to the reference sequence, it can further be necessary to increase the expectancy value to up to 100,000 and in some cases to reduce the word length (word size) to down to 2.
Further model algorithms, gap opening penalties, gap extension penalties and comparison matrices including those named in the Program Handbook, Wisconsin Package. Version 9, September 1997, can be used. The choice will depend on the comparison to be performed and further on whether the comparison is performed between sequence pairs, where GAP or Best Fit are preferred, or between one sequence and a large sequence database, where FASTA or BLAST are preferred.

An agreement of 85% determined with the aforesaid algorithms is described as 85% homology. The same applies for higher degrees of homology.
In preferred embodiments, the muteins according to the invention have a homology of 85% or more, e.g. more than 90% or 95%.
It is further preferred that the light chain of the human monoclonal antibody according to the present invention is of the kappa or lambda type. Particularly preferred, the light chain is of the kappa type. The light chain may be either a naturally occurring chain including a naturally rearranged, a genetically modified or synthetic type of light chain. If trie antibody according to the present invention being specific to IATS 06 is of the kappa type, then it is preferred that the light chain be derived from germ line L12a (http://www.mrc-cpe.cam.ac.uk/VSEQ.php#L12a/PCRdil6-5+).
According to a further preferred embodiment, the heavy chain of the human monoclonal antibody of the present invention is selected from all human isotypes, namely IgM, IgA, or IgG. Preferably, the heavy chain is of the IgM type. If the antibody is of the IgM type, then it exhibits the advantageous properties of high avidity for P. aeruginosa LPS, effectively binds complement and thus mediates either direct killing of bacteria, and/or efficiently opsonizes bacteria for phagocytosis. Further, IgM is resistant to the proteolytic degradation by P. aeruginosa elastase, whereas other isotypes like IgG or IgA can be degraded. IgM antibodies are effective in low amounts. 1 to 4 µg per mouse were fully protective in the murine bum wound sepsis model.
It is preferred that the variable heavy chain be derived from germ line DP-75 (http://www.mrc-cpe.cam.ac.uk/VSEQ.php#DP-75/V1-2...+).
The light chain and heavy chain may either be covalently linked as a single-chain antibody (e.g. bivalent scFv, bifunctional scFv and bispecific scFv) or non-covalently linked with each other.
According to a preferred embodiment of the present invention, the human monoclonal antibody is of fully human amino acid sequence.
"Consists entirely of human amino acid sequence" means that the amino acid sequence of the human monoclonal antibody is derived from a human germ line. This may be

obtained in different ways. For example, the human monoclonal antibody consisting of human amino acid sequence can be obtained from a hybridoma wherein the B-cell is a human B-cell. Alternatively, the human monoclonal antibody may be obtained by CDR grafting of the CDR regions as indicated in the claims onto available human monoclonal antibodies thereby producing a human monoclonal antibody specific for a P. aeruginosa LPS serotype in accordance with-the present invention.
The entirely human amino acid sequence of the human monoclonal antibody prevents the occurrence of undesired adverse effects such as rejection reactions or anaphylactic shock.
Further preferred, the human monoclonal antibody exhibits essentially human antigen recognition. "Essentially human antigen recognition" means that the antigen recognition by the human monoclonal antibody according to the present invention is essentially identical to the recognition of antigen by a human healthy individual. In particular, it is required that the Fc portions of the light and heavy chain of the human monoclonal antibody are of human type in order to ensure interaction with the human complement system, and to reduce the risk of generation of so called HAMA (human anti-Mouse Antibodies).
According to a further preferred embodiment, the human monoclonal antibody of the present invention is obtainable from a human B-cell or a hybridoma obtained by fusion of said human B-cell with a myeloma or heteromyeloma cell.
Human B-cells may be obtained by immunization of healthy individuals or patients and subsequent removal of blood samples from which human B-cells can be isolated in a known manner (Current Protocols in Immunology. Chapter 7.1. Isolation of whole mononuclear cells from peripheral blood and cord blood. Published by Wiley & sons, Eds: JC Coligan et al.) The human B-cell may be fused to a myeloma or heteromyeloma to produce a hybridoma in accordance with known techniques according to the classical Kohler and Milstein approach. Suitable myeloma cells are derivatives of P3X63 such as P3X63Ag8.653 (ATCC CRL-1580) or SP2/0 (ATCC CRL-1646). Suitable heteromyeloma cells are e.g. F3B6 (ATCC HB-8785). The resulting hybridoma may be selected according to known procedures. The hybridomas are cultured in a suitable culture medium and the produced antibody is recovered from the supernatant.

Further, the present invention provides nucleic acids encoding the heavy chain and light chain, respectively, of the human monoclonal antibody of the present invention. The nucleic add may be a naturally occurring nucleic acid either derived from the germ line or from rearrangement occurring in B-cells, alternatively the nucleic acids may be synthetic. Synthetic nucleic acids also include nucleic acids having modified internucleoside bonds including phosphothioester to increase resistance of the nucleic acids from degradation. The nucleic acid may be genetically engineered or completely synthetically produced by nucleotide synthesis.
The present invention further provides vectors comprising at least one nucleic acid encoding the light chain of the human monoclonal antibody of the present invention and/or at least one nucleic acid encoding the heavy chain of the human monoclonal antibody of the present invention. The nucleic acids may be either present in the same vector or may be present in the form of binary vectors. The vector preferably comprises the promoter operatively linked to the nucleic acid in order to facilitate expression of the nucleic acid encoding the light and/or heavy chain. Preferably, the vector also includes an origin for replication and maintenance in a host cell. The vector may also comprise a nucleotide sequence encoding a signal sequence located 5" of the nucleic acid encoding the light chain or heavy chain. The signal sequence may facilitate secretion of the encoded chain into the medium.
Preferabty, the vector is derived from adenoviruses, vaccinia viruses, baculoviruses, SV 40 viruses, retroviruses, plant viruses or bacteriophages such as lambda derivatives or M13. The particularly preferred vector is a vector containing the constant regions of human Ig heavy chains and human light chains, such as the integrated vector system for eucaryotic expression of immunoglobulins described by Persic et al (Persic et al. 1997. Gene. 187(1): 9-18).
The vector may further comprise a His-tag coding nucleotide sequence resulting in the expression of a construct for producing a fusion product with a His-tag at the N-terminus of the light and/or heavy chain of the human monoclonal antibody which facilitates purification of the protein at a nickel column by chelat formation.
Further, the present invention provides host cells comprising the vector and/or the nucleic acid suitable for the expression of the vector. In the art numerous prokaryotic and eukaryotic expression systems are known wherein eukaryotic host cells such as yeast

cells, insect cells, plant cells and mammalian cells, such as HEK293-cells. PerC6-cells, CHO-cells, COS-cells or HELA-cells and derivatives thereof are preferred. Particularly preferred are human production cell lines. It is preferred that the transfected host cells secrete the produced antibody into the culture medium. If intracellular expression is achieved, then renaturation is performed in accordance with standard procedures such as e.g. Benetti PH et al.. Protein Expr Purif Aug; 13:283-290, (1998)
The present invention also provides methods for producing the human monoclonal antibody. In one embodiment, the human monoclonal antibody is produced by culturing the above-described hybridoma. The produced monoclonal antibody is secreted into the supernatant and can be purified from it by applying conventional chromatographic techniques.
Alternatively, the human monoclonal antibody is produced by the host cell comprising a vector according to the present invention and culturing the host cell under conditions suitable for recombinant expression of the encoded antibody chain. Preferably, the host cell comprises at least one nucleic acid encoding the light chain and at least one nucleic acid encoding the heavy chain and is capable of assembling the human monoclonal antibody such that a 3-dimensional structure is generated which is equivalent to the 3-dimensional structure of a human monoclonal antibody produced by a human B-cell. If the light chain is produced separately from the heavy chain, then both chains may be purified and subsequently be assembled to produce a human monoclonal antibody having essentially the 3-dimensional structure of a human monoclonal antibody as produced by a human B-cell.
The human monoclonal antibody may also be obtained by recombinant expression of the encoded light and/or heavy chain wherein the nucleic acid is produced by isolating a nucleic acid encoding a human monoclonal antibody in a known manner and grafting of the nucleic acid sequence encoding the CDR's as defined in the claims onto the isolated nucleic acid.
According to a further preferred embodiment, the human monoclonal antibody according to the present invention is modified. The modifications include the di-,oligo-, or polymerization of the monomeric form e.g. by cross-linking using dicyclohexyicarbodiimide. The thus produced di-.oligo-, or polymers can be separated from each other by gel filtration. Further modifications include side chain modifications,

e.g. modifications of E-amino-lysine residues, or amino and carboxy-terminal modifications, respectively. Further modifications include post-translational modifications, e.g. glycosylation and/or partial or complete deglycosylation of the protein, and disufide bond formation. The antibody may also be conjugated to a label, such as an enzymatic, fluorescent or radioactive label.
The present invention further provides pharmaceutical compositions comprising at least one human monoclonal antibody and/or at least one nucleic acid encoding a light and/or heavy chain of the human monoclonal antibody.
The pharmaceutical composition may further comprise pharmaceutically acceptable ingredients known in the art.
Preferably, the pharmaceutical compositions are applied for the treatment of diseases caused by P. aeruginosa in infections such as sepsis, chronic bronchitis, local infections, mainly in immunocompromised patients and/or in patients with compromised respiratory function. The pharmaceutical compositions are further intended for the prophylaxis and/or treatment of hospital-acquired (nosocomial) infections. Since the main victims of P. aeruginosa infections are cystic fibrosis patients, bum victims, intubated patients, patients in surgical and/or medical intensive care units, cancer and AIDS patients, immunocompromised patients, immunosuppressed patients, diabetic patients, as well as intravenous drug abusers, the pharmaceutical compositions are in particular intended for prophylaxis and/or treatment of diseases caused by P. aeruginosa in said group of patients.
The pharmaceutical composition may further comprise antibiotic drugs, preferably coupled to the new monoclonal antibody.
The pharmaceutical compositions comprise the new monoclonal antibody in a concentration range of 0.5 - 8 mg / kg body weight
The pharmaceutical compositions may be administered in any known manner such as intravenous, intra-muscular, intra-dermal, subcutaneous, intra-peritoneal, topical, intranasal administration, or as inhalation spray.

The present invention also provides a test kit for the diagnosis of P. aeruginosa infections comprising at least one human monoclonal antibody of the present invention and optionally further suitable ingredients for carrying out a diagnostic test.
The test kit is suitable for the specific reliable diagnosis of a P. aeruginosa infection. A test assay may be based on a conventional ELISA test in liquid or membrane-bound form. The detection may be direct or indirect as known in the art wherein the antibody is optionally conjugated to an enzymatic, fluorescent or radioactive label.
The following examples illustrate the invention but are not intended to limit the scope of the present invention. Further embodiments will be apparent for the person skilled in the art when studying the specification and having regard to common general knowledge.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE FIGURES
Fig. 1 relates to DNA and amino acid sequence of 310BO6 heavy chain variable region.
Fig. 2 relates to DNA and amino acid sequence of 310BO6 kappa light chain variable region.
Fig. 3 relates to western blot analysis of the serotype-specificity of the monoclonal antibody 310BO6. Fig. 3a shows a silverstaining of LPS from different serotypes separated on SDS PAGE. Fig. 3b shows an immunoblot analysis of LPS from different serotypes separated on SDS PAGE using the monoclonal antibody 310B06.
Fig. 4 relates to the recognition pattern of clinical P. aeruginosa isolates of the serotype IATS 06 by the monoclonal antibody 310BO6 in comparison with another IATS 06 specific monoclonal antibody.
Fig. 5 relates to the opsonophagocytotic activity of the monoclonal antibody 310BO6 directed against P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06.
MATERIAL AND METHODS
The following Material and Methods have been used in Examples 1 to 4:

Determination of LPS-specificity and quantification of IgM in cell supernatant
For screening and analysis of antibodies in cell culture supernatants, an ELISA was performed as described elsewhere (Cryz, S.J. et al., 1987. J. Clin. Invest. 80(1 ):51-56) with some alterations. Briefly, P. aeruginosa lipopolysaccharide (produced in house) LPS stock solutions were prepared at a concentration of 2 mg/ml in 36 mM triethylamine. For coating, the solution was diluted to 10 µg/ml in PBS containing 0.02% sodium azide (PBS-Az). This solution was mixed with an equal volume of 10 µg/ml methylated human serum albumine (HSA; produced in house as follows: 2 g of lyophilized HSA was dissolved in 200 ml absolute methanol. After adding 1.68 ml of 37% HCI, the solution is stored for at least 3 day at room temperature in the dark with occasional shaking. The precipitate is collected by a 10 min centrifugation (4500rpm, GS1 rotor), and washed twice with absolute methanol and twice with anhydrous ether by suspending the pellet in the solvent The precipitate is dried during 2 hours in a desiccator and the dry pellet is suspended "m H2O, and stored in aliquots at -20°C. Protein concentration was 8.05 mg/mf) in PBS-Az by gently stirring for 5 minutes at room temperature. NUNC® ELISA plates were coated with 100 µl/well LPS-HSA solution over night at room temperature. After washing the plates 3x with 300 µl PBS pH 7.4 (produced in house) containing 0.05% Tween20 (#93773; Fluka Chemie AG. Switzerland) (PBS-T), cell culture supernatants were incubated 1:2 diluted in PBS for 2 hours at 37°C. After washing the plates 3x with PBS-T, bound antibodies were detected with horseradish peroxidase-conjugated goat anti-human IgM antibody (# 074-1003; KPL; Kirkegaard & Perry Laboratories, Inc. Gaithersburg, MD) diluted 1:2000 in PBS containing 5% (v/v) FCS. The plates were incubated for 1 hour at 37°C, and washed 3x with PBS-T. Antibody-binding was visualized by adding 100 µl/well OPD (0.4 mg/ml Orthophenyldiamin in 24 mM citric acid and 52 mM di-sodium hydrogen phosphate containing 0.0012% (V/V) H2O2 substrate solution. Color reaction was stopped after 2-3 min by the addition of 50 µl/well 1 M HCI. Optical density was read on a ELISA reader at 490 nm using Softmax Pro® software.
For quantification of IgM in the cell culture supernatants, ELISA plates were coated with 1 µg/ml unconjugated goat anti-human IgM antibody in PBS over night at 4°C. Plates were washed 3x with PBS-T, and cell supernatants and standards were incubated in 2-fold dilutions. As standard human standard serum (Behring) was used starting at a concentration of 0.5 µg/ml. All dilutions were done in PBS-T. Plates were incubated for 2 hours at room temperature on a rocking table. After washing the plates 3x with PBS-T,

bound antibodies were detected with horseradish peroxidase-conjugated goat anti-human IgM antibody (KPL) diluted 1:2000 in PBS containing 5% (v/v) FCS. The plates were incubated for 1 hour at room temperature on a rocking table, and washed 3x with PBS-T. Antibody-binding was visualized by adding 150 µl/well OPD substrate solution. Color reaction was stopped after 1 min by the addition of 50 µl/well 1 M HCI. Optical density was read on a ELISA reader at 490 nm using Softmax Pro® software.
Sequence analysis
RNA of hybridoma cells was isolated by using RNeasy-Kit from Qiagen. cDNA was synthesized with the SMART Technology (Becton Dickenson). For the second strand PCR the following primers were used (Table III): (1) reverse constant IgM (con µ): 5'-GCC ACG CTG CTC GTA TCC GAC G-3' (SEQ ID NO: 11); (2) reverse constant Kappa (con K): 5'-AGC AGG CAC ACA ACA GAG GCA GTT CC-3' (SEQ ID NO: 12). The forward primers were included in the SMART-Kit. For sequencing the following primers have been used: (3) IgM sequence (p. seq.): 5'-GCT GCT CGT ATC CGA CGG-3' (SEQ ID NO:13), and (4) Kappa sequence (K seq.): 5"-CAC AAC AGA GGC AGT TCC-3" (SEQ ID NO: 14). Sequencing was performed at Microsynth AG (Balgach, Switzerland) and sequences were compared with existing genmline sequences using the V-Base DNAplot software (http://www.mrc-cpe.cam.ac.uk/vbase-ok.php?menu=901).
Immunoblot analysis
LPS of different serotypes (produced in house) (Table I) were loaded on a reducing SDS-polyacrylamide gradient gel (4-15% precast gel; BioRad). After separation (15 mA / gel, 60 min+), the gel was blotted onto nitrocellulose filters and free binding sites were blocked with PBS containing 5% (V/V) FCS. The nitrocellulose was incubated in undiluted cell supernatant for 2 hours at room temperature on a rocking table. After washing 3x in PBS-T and 2x in PBS, the nitrocellulose filter was incubated with alkaline phosphatase-conjugated goat anti-human IgM antibody diluted 1:500 in PBS containing 5% (V/V) FCS for 90 min at room temperature on a rocking table. After washing 3x in PBS-T and 2x in PBS, bound antibodies were visualized using BCIP/NBT (5-bromo-4-chloro-3-indoyl-phosphate/nitroblue tetrazolium) Alkaline Phosphatase substrate (KPL), and color reaction was stopped after 5 min with H20.
Table I.

IATS Serotypes of P. aeruginosa reference strains
(Table Removed)
Table II. Clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06
(Table Removed)
Whole cell ELISA
Bacteria from different clinical isolates (see Table II) were grown in Luria broth medium at 37°C to an optical density at 600nm of 1, and fixed with 37% Formalin (final concentration of formalin: 0.5%) over night at 37°C. The fixed bacteria were diluted 1:50

in PBS and immobilized on ELISA plates. After blocking the plates with PBS containing 5% (v/v) fetal calf serum, the monoclonal antibody 310BO6 and another monoclonal antibody, both directed against P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06, were incubated with the fixed bacteria for 2 hours at 37°C. After washing the plates 3x with PBS-T, bound antibodies were detected with horseradish peroxidase-conjugated goat anti-human IgM antibody (# 074-1003; KPL; Kirkegaard & Perry Laboratories, Inc. Gaithersburg, MD) diluted 1:2000 in PBS containing 5% (v/v) FCS. The plates were incubated for 1 hour at 37°C, and washed 3x with PBS-T. Antibody-binding was visualized by adding 100 µl/well OPD (0.4 mg/ml Orthophenyldiamin in 24 mM citric acid and 52 mM di-sodium hydrogen phosphate containing 0.0012% (V/V) H202 substrate solution. Color reaction was stopped after 2-3 min by the addition of 50 µl/well 1 M HCI. Optical density was read on a ELISA reader at 490 nm using Softmax Pro® software.
Opsonophagocytosis assay
In order to determine the biological activity, the monoclonal anti-P. aeruginosa LPS antibodies were tested for their opsonophagocytic activity. For this purpose, P. aeruginosa bacteria of the serotype IATS 06, according to table 1, were grown in TSBG (30g/l Tryptic Soy Broth containing 1% (w/v) Glucose) medium overnight After washing twice the bacteria with cold PBS, the bacterial pellet was re-suspended in 5 ml 0.1 M Bicarbonate buffer, pH8.0. 50 µl of 5-(and -6)-carboxyfluorescein, succinimidyl ester (5(6)-FAM, SE; Molecular Probes, Eugene, OR; 10 mg/ml in Dimethylsulfoxid) were added, and incubated at 37°C for 1 hour. Bacteria were fixed by the addition of 100µl 37% Formaldehyde and incubation over night at 37°C. To remove the unconjugated dye, bacteria were washed 6 times by centrifugation re-suspension in 20 ml cold sterile PBS. The labeled bacteria were stored at 4°C until use. For the assay, an aliquot of the bacteria was diluted to an optical density at 550nm of 1, followed by a 1:50 dilution HBSS-BSA (Hanks balanced salt solution containing 0.1% BSA). 20µl of the bacteria were mixed with 10µl oi different dilutions of hybridoma cell culture supernatant containing the monoclonal antibody 310BO6, or a non-specific monoclonal control antibody respectively. After 30 min incubation at 37°C, 10µl of baby rabbit serum (Charles River Laboratories, Germany) was added as a source of complement, and the probes were incubated for another 30 min at 37°C. 40µl of differentiated HL-60 cells (the promyelocytic cell line HL-60 was differentiated into granulocytic cells by incubating the cells for 3 days in Iscoves Modified Dulbecco's Medium (IMDM; Sigma) supplemented with 10% (v/v) Fetal Calf Serum and 100 mM di-methyl-formamide.) were added to the

opsonized bacteria to obtain a final concentration of 1.25 x 106 cells/ml. After incubating for 90 min at 37°C on a shaker, the cells were harvested by transferring to 2 ml of cell wash buffer (PBS-containing 0.02% (v/v) azide; Becton Dickenson). After centrifugation for 5 min at 250 x g, the cell pellet was re-suspended in 150µl Cell wash buffer and analyzed by flow cytometry. Positive opsonphagocytotic activity was determined by analyzing the green fluorescence of the HL-60 cells in comparison with background staining. Background Staining was determined by incubating fluorescein-conjugated bacteria in the presence of complement with HL-60 cells.
In vivo protection of P. aeruginosa infected mice
The in vivo protective capacity of monoclonal anti-P. aeruginosa LPS antibodies was determined in the murine bum wound sepsis model. NMRI-Mice (18-20g; Charles River Laboratories) received approximately 1 to 5 µg in a volume of 0.2 ml of the monoclonal antibodies intravenously 4 hours prior to challenge. As control, 0.2 ml of unspecrfic antibody supernatant was injected. For challenge, groups of 5 female mice were anesthetized in an atmosphere of 3-chloro-1.1,2-trifluoroethyl-difluoromethy-ether (Ethrane, Abbott Lab., Chicago, IL). The mice were subjected to a 10 second ethanol bum over a 2 cm2 area of the back. Different concentrations (in the range of 70 cfu / mouse to 70'000 cfu / mouse) of the challenge organisms (P. aeruginosa IATS 06; Strain PA220; see table 1) suspended in 0.5 ml PBS were injected immediately subcutaneously into the burned area. The animals were observed for 5 to 7 days. Protective capacity was determined by dividing the LD50 of protected mice by the LD50 of control mice receiving the non-specific antibody supernatant.
Example 1: DNA and amino acid sequences of 310BO6
The antibody specificity is determined by the DNA- and amino acid-sequence, respectively. DNA sequences of the variable fragments of the heavy and light chains were determined. Briefely. total RNA of the hybridoma cells was isolated, and reversely transcribed into complete cDNA using the SMART technology. By this approach, a universal primer was added at the 5' end of the cDNA. Using this primer and the CK and Cµ-specific primers depicted in Table 111, the IgM and Kappa variable regions and constant regions were amplified by PCR. The PCR fragments were then cleaned up by excision from agarose gels, and used as templates for sequencing with the primers depicted in Table III.

Table III
Primers used for PCR-amplification and sequencing of the variable regions of IgM heavy chains and Kappa light chains of 310BO6 and 1B011
(Table Removed)
The sequences of the variable regions were subsequently compared with the Vbase Index. The results of the comparison with germline sequences are expressed as numbers of "replacement and silent" mutations (R:S), as depicted in Table IV. The DNA sequences and amino acid sequences are depicted in Figures 1 and 2.
Table IV Ratio replacement vs. silent mutations from germline sequences
(Table Removed)
Example 2: Western Blot Analysis
The monoclonal antibody directed against P. aeruginosa LPS serotype IATS 06 was tested for its monoreactivrty by Western blot analysis. LPS preparations of P. aeruginosa of different serotypes as depicted in Table I were separated by reducing SDS-PAGE, and blotted onto nitrocellulose membranes. The membranes were incubated with the hybridoma cell culture supernatant containing 310BO6 monoclonal antibody directed against P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06, and bound antibodies were detected by alkaline phosphate conjugated goat anti-human IgM antibody and color substrate. As

shown in Figure 3, the monoclonal antibody 310BO6 only reacts with the LPS of serotype IATS 06.
Example 3: Recognition of clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06 by monoclonal antibody 310BO6
In comparison to another human monoclonal antibody against P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06, 310BO6 recognizes a wide range of clinical isolates of P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06, belonging to different suptypes of IATS 06. As demonstrated in Figure 4 in a whole cell ELISA, 310BO6 strongly recognized all clinical isolates tested, whereas the further antibody selectively reacted with PA220. In this assay, bacteria from the different P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06 isolates were used according to the methods described above.
Example 4: In vitro activity of 310BO6: Opsonophagocytic activity.
The protective efficacy of anti-P. aeruginosa LPS antibodies can be measured in vitro by the capacity to opsonize bacteria, followed by phagocytosis. For determination of the opsonizing activity of 310BO6, fluorescein-conjugated P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06 (strain PA220) were incubated in the presence or absence of complement with increasing concentrations (1ng/ml - 3µg/ml) of the monoclonal antibody 310BO6 directed against P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06, followed by incubation with human granulocytic cells (di-methyl-formamide-differentiated HL-60 cells). These cells phagocytosed P. aeruginosa of serotype IATS 06 upon opsonization by 310BO6 and complement.
Example 5: In vivo protective capacity of the monoclonal antibody 310BO6
In example 4 the in vitro effector function of the monoclonal antibody 310BO6 against P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06 was demonstrated. However, an antibody with a therapeutic potential should not only be active in vitro but also in vivo. This in vivo activity of 310BO6 was demonstrated by the prevention of sepsis in the murine bum wound sepsis model. In this model, mice received hybridoma cell culture supernatant containing 5µg of the antibody 310BO6 directed against P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06 or, as a control, cell culture supernatant of another human hybridoma cell line producing a nonspecific human IgM/K antibody 4 hours prior to challenge. To induce the bum wound septic shock, mice were anesthetized, and subjected to a 10 second ethanol bum on the back. Immediately after the bum, mice were challenged with at least 3 three different logs of P. aeruginosa serotype IATS 06 (70 cfu/mouse - 7'000 cfu/mouse in the control group receiving non-specific monoclonal antibody , and 700 cfu/mouse - 70'000

cfu/mouse in the group receiving 310BO6) suspended in 0.5 ml PBS. Mice were observed for 5 to 7 days, and the protective potential of antibodies were expressed as x-fold increase in LD50 titers of challenging bacteria (Table V). Lethal dose (50%; LDso) was calculated according to the method of Reed and Muench (Reed, LJ. and Muench, H., 1938. Amer. J. Hyg. 27:493)
Table V. in vivo protective potential of 310BO6

(Table Removed)



















We Claim:
1. Human monoclonal antibody specific for lipopolysaccharide (LPS) of the P. aeruginosa LPS serotype LATS 06 comprising a light chain and a heavy chain, wherein the variable region of the light chain of the antibody comprises SEQ ID N0:1 in the CDRl region, SEQ ID N0:2 in the CDR2 region and SEQ ID N0:3 in the CDR3 region, and wherein the variable region of the heavy chain of the antibody comprises SEQ ID N0:4 in the CDRl region, SEQ ID N0:5 in the CDR2 region and SEQ ID N0:6 in the CDR3 region, or a Fab or F(ab')2 fragment or a mixture thereof; or derivative thereof capable of binding to said LPS, wherein the derivative is a mutein of the human monoclonal antibody carrying one to five conservative substitutions in any one of the CDR regions in the heavy and/or light chain.
2. Human monoclonal antibody specific for LPS of the P. aeruginosa LPS serotype lATS 06 as claimed in claim 1, wherein the variable region of the light chain of the antibody has the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID N0.7 and the variable region of the heavy chain has the amino acid sequence of SEQ ID N0:8; or a variant of said antibody capable of binding said LPS wherein the amino acid sequence of the variable region of the light chain of the antibody is at least 95% homologous to SEQ ID N0:7 and the amino acid sequence of the variable region of the heavy chain of the antibody is at least 95% homologous to SEQ ID N0:8.
3. Human monoclonal antibody as claimed in any of claims 1 and 2 wherein the light chain is of the kappa type.
4. Human monoclonal antibody as claimed in any of claims 1 and 2 wherein the light chain is of the lambda type.
5. Human monoclonal antibody as claimed in any of claims 1 to 4 wherein the heavy chain is of the IgM, IgA or IgG type, preferably of the IgM type.
6. Human monoclonal antibody as claimed in any of claims 1 to 5 wherein the antibody consists entirely of human amino acid sequence.
7. Human monoclonal antibody as claimed in any of claims 1 to 6 wherein the antibody exhibits essentially human antigen recognition.

8. Human monoclonal antibody as claimed in any of claims 1 to 7 obtainable from a human
B cell or a hybridoma obtained by fusion of said human B cell with a myeloma or
heteromyeloma cell.
9. Nucleic acid encoding the light chain of the human monoclonal antibody that comprises
die sequence of SEQ ID N0:9.
10. Nucleic acid encoding the heavy chain of the human monoclonal antibody that comprises
the sequence of SEQ ID NO: 10.
11. Vector comprising at least one nucleic acid encoding the light chain that comprises the
sequence of SEQ ID NO:7 and/or at least one nucleic acid encoding the heavy chain that
comprises the sequence of SEQ ID N0:8.
12. Vector as claimed in claim 11, wherein the vector also comprises a promoter operatively
linked to the nucleic acid to facilitate expression thereof
13. A method for producing the human monoclonal antibody as claimed in any of claims 1 to
8 comprising culturing hybridoma capable of producing human monoclonal antibodies of claims
1 to 8 under conditions allowing for secretion of an antibody, and for culturing the host cell
comprising the nucleic acid of claims 9 or 10 or the vector of claims 11 or 12, under conditions
suitable for expression of the human monoclonal antibody, and optionally purifying the antibody
from the culture supernatant.

Documents:

5213-delnp-2005-Abstract-(03-12-2010).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-abstract.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-assignment.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Claims-(03-12-2010).pdf

5213-DELNP-2005-Claims-(07-12-2010).pdf

5213-DELNP-2005-Claims-(20-05-2011).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Claims-(24-05-2011).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-claims.pdf

5213-DELNP-2005-Correspondence Others-(20-05-2011).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Correspondence Others-(24-05-2011).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Correspondence-Others-(03-12-2010).pdf

5213-DELNP-2005-Correspondence-Others-(07-12-2010).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-correspondence-others.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Description (Complete)-(03-12-2010).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-description (complete).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Drawings-(03-12-2010).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-drawings.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Form-1-(03-12-2010).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-form-1.pdf

5213-DELNP-2005-Form-13-(07-12-2010).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-form-18.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Form-2-(03-12-2010).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-form-2.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Form-3-(03-12-2010).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-form-3.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Form-5-(03-12-2010).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-form-5.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-form-6.pdf

5213-DELNP-2005-GPA-(20-05-2011).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-gpa.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-pct-101.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-pct-210.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-pct-401.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-pct-409.pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Petition 137-(03-12-2010).pdf

5213-delnp-2005-Petition 138-(03-12-2010).pdf


Patent Number 248616
Indian Patent Application Number 5213/DELNP/2005
PG Journal Number 30/2011
Publication Date 29-Jul-2011
Grant Date 28-Jul-2011
Date of Filing 11-Nov-2005
Name of Patentee KENTA BIOTECH AG,
Applicant Address REHHARGSTRASSE 79, 3018, BERN, SWITZERLAND
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 LANG ALOIS B AMSELWEG 7, CH-3627 HELMBERG SWITZERLAND
2 HORN MICHAEL P TALACKERSTRASSE 45E, CH-3604 THUN SWITZERLAND
3 IMBODEN MARTIN A SCHLOSSMATTE 4, CH-3110 MUNSIGEN SWITZERLAND
PCT International Classification Number C07K 16/12
PCT International Application Number PCT/EP2004/004485
PCT International Filing date 2004-04-28
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 03010836.9 2003-03-14 EPO