Title of Invention

OCCUPANT RESTRAINING DEVICE FOR TWO-WHEEL VEHICLE

Abstract [Obj ect] To provide an occupant restraining device for a two-wheel vehicle which can be applied to a small vehicle easily and can restrain a load applied to an occupant without upsizing a pad. [Solving Means] A restraining pad 30 mounted to a handle 16 so as to oppose to the occupant, a front fork 15 steerably supported by a head pipe 11, a handle pipe 20 for connecting the handle 16 with the front fork 15, and an accordion type squeezable member 32 for absorbing a forward load exerted to the restraining pad 30 and causing the handle pipe 2 0 to be plastically deformed so as to incline toward the front at a predetermined position are included. [Selected Figure] Fig. 4
Full Text

[Designation of Document] Specification [Title of the Invention]
OCCUPANT RESTRAINING DEVICE FOR TWO-WHEEL VEHICLE [Technical Field]
[0001]
The present invention relates to an occupant restraining device for a two-wheel vehicle and, more specifically, to an occupant restraining device for a two-wheel vehicle for restraining the movement of an occupant forwardly of a vehicle body. [Background Art]
[0002]
In a motorcycle, as a technique to restrain the movement of an occupant forwardly of a vehicle body, Patent Document 1 discloses a technique in which an airbag is disposed near a meter panel of a two-wheel vehicle, and the airbag is activated upon detection of an impact.
[Patent Document 1] JP-A-11-278342 [Disclosure of the Invention] [Problems to be Solved by the Invention]
[0003]
In the technique in Patent Document 1, since a load for restraining the movement of the occupant has to be absorbed completely by a breast pad, the breast pad must be upsized. In a technique disclosed in Patent Document 2, since a space

for mounting an airbag unit or a control unit thereof must be secured in the vicinity of a meter panel, and an acceleration sensor must be mounted, it is difficult to apply it to a two-wheel vehicle of a small size.
[0004]
An object of the present invention is to solve the aforementioned problem in the related art, and to provide an occupant restraining device for a two-wheel vehicle which can be applied to a small vehicle easily and can reduce a load applied to the occupant without upsizing the pad. [Means for Solving the Problems]
[0005]
In order to achieve the object described above, the present invention is an occupant movement restraining device for restraining the movement of an occupant of a two-wheel vehicle forwardly of a vehicle body, and is characterized in the following points.
(1) a restraining pad mounted to a handle so as to oppose to the occupant, a pipe-shaped steering member steerably supported by a head pipe, a pipe-shaped handle connecting member for connecting the handle with the steering member, and an accordion type squeezable member for absorbing a forward load applied to the restraining pad and allowing the handle connecting member to be deformed so as to incline toward the front at a predetermined position are provided.

(2) a reinforcing member for limiting the amount of forward inclination of the handle connecting member is provided. [Advantages]
[0006]
(1) According to the invention of Claim 1, part of the load applied to the restraining pad deforms the accordion type squeezable member and hence is consumed and absorbed as energy for causing the handle connecting member to incline toward the front, so that a load applied to the occupant can be reduced.
(2) According to the invention of Claim 2, since the amount of forward inclination of the handle connecting member is limited, the position of the restraining pad can be maintained at least at a predetermined height.
[Best Mode for Carrying Out the Invention]
[0007]
Referring now to the drawings, a preferred embodiment of the present invention will be described in detail. Fig. 1 is a side view of a scooter type motorcycle to which an occupant restraining device of the present invention is applied, in which a vehicle body frame 10 mainly includes a main frame pipe 12 provided with a head pipe 11 secured at the front end thereof, a cross pipe 13 secured to the rear end of the main frame pipe 12 at a right angle and horizontally, and a pair of left and right rear frame pipes 14 (14L, 14R) continuing to the both

ends of the cross pipe 13 at the front ends thereof.
[0008]
The main frame pipe 12 includes a down frame section 12a inclined downward toward the rear from the head pipe 11 and a lower frame section 12b extending rearward from the rear end of the down frame section 12a substantially horizontally integrally connected with each other. The cross pipe 13 extends laterally of the vehicle body frame 10, and the rear end of the main frame pipe 12 is secured to the center of the cross pipe 13 at a right angle. The pair of the left and right rear frame pipes 14 include rise frame sections 14a extending upward from both ends of the cross pipe 13 toward the rear, and upper frame portions 14b extending substantially horizontally from the rear ends of the rise frame sections 14a toward the rear and curved in a horizontal plane so that the rear end openings face each other integrally connected to each other.
[0009]
A front fork 15 as a steering member for supporting a front wheel Wf is steerably supported by the head pipe 11, and a steering handle 16 is connected to the upper end of the front fork 15 via a handle pipe 20 as the handle connecting member. A power unit P including an engine E disposed in front of a rear wheel Wr and a stepless transmission M disposed on the left side of the rear wheel Wr are supported at the front portion

t
of the rear frame pipe 14 so as to be capable of pivoting in the vertical direction, and the rear wheel Wr is journaled at the rear portion of the power unit P. An air cleaner 2 9 is disposed on the upper left side of the rear wheel Wr.
[0010]
Provided between the rear portion of the power unit P and the left side of the rear frame pipe 14L is a rear cushion unit 17. An exhaust pipe 18 for introducing exhaust gas from the engine E extends from the engine E to the right side of the rear wheel Wr, and the exhaust pipe 18 is connected to an exhaust muffler 19 disposed on the right side of the rear wheel Wr. A storage box 25 is supported between the front portions of the left and right rear frame pipes 14 so as to be disposed above the engine E.
[0011]
The vehicle body frame 10 is covered by a vehicle body cover 21 formed of synthetic resin, and the vehicle body cover 21 includes a leg shield 22 for covering the front side of the feet of the occupant, a step floor 23 continuing to the lower portion of the leg shield 22 for placing the feet of the occupant, and side covers 24 continuing from the step floor 23 for covering the rear portion of the vehicle body from both sides.
[0012]
The storage box 25 and the fuel tank (not shown) are covered by the side cover 24, and a seat 26 for covering the

storage box 25 from above is mounted to the upper portion of the side cover 24 so as to be capable of opening and closing. In other words, the step floor 23 is formed on the vehicle body cover 21 so as to be disposed between the steering handle 16 and the seat 26, and a frame-side bracket 27 is disposed downwardly of the rear end of the step floor 23 for pivotably supporting the power unit P to the vehicle body frame 10.
[0013]
Referring also to Fig. 2, a pair of left and right plate members 31L, 31R are secured to the steering handle 16, and a restraining pad 30 is mounted to the plate members 31L, 31R so as to oppose to the occupant seated on the seat 26. With this restraining pad 30, as shown in Fig. 3, since the portion of the occupant near the breast is held by the restraining pad 30 even though the occupant moves forward due to the inertia when the brake is applied and further movement is prevented, the forward movement of the occupant is limited within a predetermined range. In this embodiment, a load absorbing member for absorbing a forward load when the forward load exceeding a predetermined reference value is applied to the restraining pad 30 and alleviating a load applied to the occupant is added to the handle pipe 20.
[0014]
Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of the load absorbing member, in which the same reference numerals represent the same

or equivalent parts.
[0015]
A thick front fork 15 is inserted through the inside of the head pipe 11 and is steerably supported by a bearing member 34. The lower end of the handle pipe 20 is inserted and fixed to the upper end of the front fork 15, and an accordion type squeezable member 32 is formed on the handle pipe 20 at the position near the inserted upper end of the front fork 15.
[0016]
In this structure, a forward load exceeding the predetermined reference value is applied to the restraining pad 30 , the handle pipe 20 which is thinner than the front fork 15 starts to bend. When a stress exceeds the stress limit of the accordion type squeezable member 32, as shown in Fig. 5, the accordion type squeezable member 32 starts plastic deformation in which the front side is squeezed and the rear side extends, and the handle pipe 2 0 starts to be bent toward the front.
[0017]
Fig. 8 shows a drawing showing a relation between the amount of forward movement of the restraining pad 30 and a load applied to the breast of the occupant. If the accordion type squeezable member 32 is not provided on the handle pipe 20, the handle pipe 20 is broken at a moment when the stress exceeds a yield point and hence it cannot maintain its resiliency as

shown in the same drawing by a broken line, whereby the load exerted to the restraining pad 30 is released.
[0018]
In contrast, in this embodiment, since the accordion type squeezable member 32 is provided on the handle pipe 20, the handle pipe 20 can maintain its resiliency without being broken even after its plastic deformation has started. Therefore, the relation between the amount of forward movement of the restraining pad 30 and the load applied to the breast of the occupant can be maintained substantially constantly as shown in Fig.8 by a solid line, even after the handle pipe 20 exceeds the yield point. Consequently, even when a load exceeding the stress limit of the handle pipe 2 0 is applied to the restraining pad 30, part of the load can be absorbed, and hence the load applied to the occupant can be reduced.
[0019]
In the aforementioned embodiment, since the handle pipe 20 is bent about the portion near the upper portion of the front fork 15, the position thereof is lowered as the amount of the movement of the restraining pad 30 increases. Therefore, as shown in Fig. 6, in this embodiment, a reinforcing member 28 for limiting the angle of inclination of the handle pipe 20, or the amount of movement of the restraining pad 30 for the lower portion of the handle pipe 20 below the bent portion or for the head pipe 11. Accordingly, even when a significant

forward load is applied to the restraining pad 30, the position of the restraining pad 3 0 can be maintained at least at the predetermined height.
[0020]
In the aforementioned embodiment, a case in which the accordion type squeezable member 32 is provided on the handle pipe 20 for connecting the steering handle 16 and the front fork 15 has been described. However, the present invention is not limited thereto, and as shown in Fig. 7 as an example, the accordion type squeezable members 32 may be provided at root portions A of left and right handle members 16L, 16R surrounded by broken circles as long as it is a two-wheel vehicle having a structure in which the handle 16 includes the pair of the left and right handles 16L, 16R and serves also as the handle pipe 20. [Brief Description of the Drawings]
[0021]
[Fig. 1] Fig. 1 is a side view of a scooter type motorcycle to which an occupant restraining device according to the present invention is applied.
[Fig. 2] Fig. 2 is a front view showing an example of a handle to which a restraining pad is mounted.
[Fig. 3] Fig. 3 is a drawing showing a state in which the movement of an occupant is prevented by the restraining pad.

[Fig. 4] Fig. 4 is a cross-sectional view of a handle pipe provided with an accordion type squeezable member.
[Fig. 5] Fig. 5 is a cross-sectional view showing a state in which the handle pipe is plastically deformed by expansion and contraction of the accordion type squeezable member.
[Fig. 6] Fig. 6 is a cross-sectional view showing an example of a reinforcing member for limiting the angle of inclination of the handle pipe.
[Fig. 7] Fig. 7 is a drawing showing a relation between the amount of movement of the restraining pad and a load applied to the occupant.
[Fig. 8] Fig. 8 is a front view showing another example of the handle to which the restraining pad is mounted. [Description of the Reference Numerals and Signs]
[0022] 11... head pipe, 15... front fork, 16... steering handle, 20... handle pipe, 30... restraining pad, 31L, 31R... plate member, 32... accordion type squeezable member, 34... bearing member






[Designation of Document] Claims [Claim 1]
In an occupant restraining device for restraining movement of an occupant of a two-wheel vehicle toward the front of the vehicle,
an occupant restraining device for a two-wheel vehicle comprising:
a restraining pad mounted to a handle so as to oppose to the occupant;
a pipe-shaped steering member steerably supported by a head pipe;
a pipe-shaped handle connecting member for connecting the handle with the steering member; and
an accordion type squeezable member for absorbing a forward load applied to the restraining pad and allowing the handle connecting member to be deformed so as to be incline toward the front at a predetermined position. [Claim 2]
The occupant restraining device for a two-wheel vehicle according to Claim 1, further comprising a reinforcing member for limiting the amount of forward inclination of the handle connecting member.


Documents:

0696-che-2005-abstract image.jpg

0696-che-2005-abstract.pdf

0696-che-2005-claims.pdf

0696-che-2005-correspondnece-others.pdf

0696-che-2005-description(complete).pdf

0696-che-2005-drawings.pdf

0696-che-2005-form 1.pdf

0696-che-2005-form 3.pdf

0696-che-2005-form 5.pdf

0696-che-2005-other document.pdf

696-CHE-2005 AMENDED PAGES OF SPECIFICATION 10-06-2011.pdf

696-CHE-2005 AMENDED CLAIMS 10-06-2011.pdf

696-che-2005 form-3 10-06-2011.pdf

696-CHE-2005 OTHER PATENT DOCUMENT 10-06-2011.pdf

696-CHE-2005 CORRESPONDENCE PO.pdf

696-CHE-2005 EXAMINATION REPORT REPLY RECIEVED 10-06-2011.pdf

696-CHE-2005 FORM-18.pdf

696-CHE-2005 POWER OF ATTORNEY 10-06-2011.pdf


Patent Number 248583
Indian Patent Application Number 696/CHE/2005
PG Journal Number 30/2011
Publication Date 29-Jul-2011
Grant Date 26-Jul-2011
Date of Filing 07-Jun-2005
Name of Patentee HONDA MOTOR CO., LTD.
Applicant Address 1-1 MINAMIAOYAMA 2-CHOME, MINATO-KU, TOKYO, JAPAN.
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 TSUNODA, KAZUHIKE, KABUSHIKI KAISHA HONDA GIJUTSU KENKYUSHO, 4-1, CHUO 1-CHOME, WAKO-SHI SAITAMA.
PCT International Classification Number B62J 27/00
PCT International Application Number N/A
PCT International Filing date
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 2004-182374 2004-06-21 Japan