Title of Invention

MEDICAL PUMP

Abstract The invention relates to a medical pump, especially for water jet surgery, in which a pump unit assembled as a single use article can be reversibly connected to a pump actuating device. In order to simplify one such arrangement, the pump actuating device is also used to open up the connection between the pump unit and the pump actuating device.
Full Text "Medical pump"
Description
The invention refers to a medical pump, in particular for water jet surgery.
"Water jet surgery has been used for some time in liver surgery, as this organ has tissue structures of different firmness (parenchyma, blood vessels and bile ducts) like no other and the applied water jet separates the tissue being cut (parenchyma) yet leaves the blood vessels and bile ducts undamaged. Naturally, precise control of the cutting pressure is required for this.
A further problem with water jet surgery is that the cutting medium must be totally sterile (e.g. Ringer solution), as the liquid comes into contact with body tissue in the closest and most intensive way possible. Ordinary problems such as high reliability, simplicity and economic manufacture must also be considered.
Medical pumps for water jet surgery are known from US 6,216,573 Bl and DE 203 09 616 Ul, which comprise an exchangeable pump unit for single use, which can be connected to pump actuating devices. Changing of the pump devices is, however, very costly with the known setups. As relatively large forces are needed to generate high pressure with sufficient flow, the devices for connection of the pump device to the pump actuating devices must be very substantial so that they can maintain a "firm hold" on the pump device.
The object of the invention is to develop a medical pump of the type described initially, so that the connection between the pump unit and the pump actuating device is improved and easier to operate.
The object is achieved by a medical pump according to claim 1. The object is achieved in particular by a medical pump, in particular for water jet surgery comprising the following:

a pump unit which is assembled as a single use article with at least one piston with a piston rod for displacing the piston in an allocated cylinder,
a pump actuating device with at least one drive device and one motor control for actuation of the pump unit by displacing the piston rod,
holding devices which can be opened and closed for reversible attachment of the pump unit to the pump actuating device,
clutch devices which can be opened and closed for reversible connection of the piston rods to the drive device, wherein the drive device is constructed to actuate in a controllable manner, in particular the opening and/or closing of the holding devices and/or the clutch devices.
An essential point of the invention is that the drive device which is actually envisaged for pushing the piston back and forth additionally actuates or controls the holding devices and/or the clutch devices as well. Simple operation (by means of the drive device) is thus guaranteed; on the other hand a large holding force can be exerted, as this is applied during opening for decoupling of the pump unit from the pump actuating device and not by the user.
The holding devices and/or the clutch devices comprise preferably snap fittings, which are constructed in such a way that closing of the holding devices and/or clutch devices can be achieved by snapping in place and opening by means of the drive device by opening the snap fittings. The energy required for connecting the pump device to the drive device can be generated with longer travel at a greater holding force veiy easily by the user. Otherwise opening is then carried out by the drive devices with a corresponding large holding force, so that only opening must be carried out by the drive devices but not closing as well. This simplifies the setup.
The snap fittings are preferably constructed in such a way, that the force required for closing is less than that for opening.

The drive device is preferably constructed in such a way that the engagement devices fitted in the clutch devices are positioned at rest prior to attaching the pump unit to the pump actuating device in such a way that on connecting the pump unit to the pump actuating device the engagement devices disengage from the piston rods and the clutch devices can be closed by actuating the drive devices. This means that the user does not have to carry out any great manipulation in relation to the pistons or piston positions in order to attach the pump unit to the pump actuating device.
It is preferable if two pistons with piston rods are provided in the cylinders and the pump actuating device is constructed to give alternate displacement of the pistons. An increased pump performance can thus be ensured. In this embodiment the pump actuating device is constructed with two motors or a motor with controllable gearing preferably controllable in such a way that the pistons can be displaced synchronously for alternate opening or closing of the holding device and/or the clutch devices. While during normal pump operation the pistons are operated alternately a different modus operandi is selected for opening and closing of the holding device and/or the clutch devices with the same drive set which results in a simplified setup.
The drive device comprises preferably a linear drive (or with two pistons, two linear drives) with shaft and motor so that the shaft is drivable in a controllable manner. Very accurate movements can be carried out via such linear drives, thereby protecting the pump with its piston/cylinder units.
The motor control is preferably constructed in such a way that the pistons can be displaced at a constant speed. This results in a smoother delivery of the medium to be pumped.
Preferred embodiments of the invention result from the sub-claims.
Below, preferred embodiments of the invention are explained in more detail with the aid of illustrations. These depict:
- Fig. 1 a schematic block diagram of an embodiment of the medical pump,
- Fig. 2 an exploded diagram of an embodiment of the pump,

Fig. 3 a perspective diagram of the pump actuating device with coupled pump unit, Fig. 4 a side view of the holding device,
Fig. 5 an illustration similar to Fig. 4, but in a part-sectioned drawing along line V-V from Fig. 6,
Fig. 6 an illustration of the setup according to Fig. 4 in plan view,
Fig. 7-9 illustrations corresponding to those in Fig. 4-6, but with the holding device in an open position,
Fig. 10 an exploded drawing of the functional units of the holding device,
Fig. 11 a perspective diagram of a sub-unit from Fig. 10,
Fig. 12 an exploded drawing of a sub-unit from Fig. 11,
Fig. 13 a perspective drawing of the clutch devices,
Fig. 14 an illustration of the clutch devices from Fig. 13 in a different displacement position,
Fig. 15 an exploded drawing of a clutch device from Fig. 13 or 14,
Fig. 16 an exploded illustration of the sub-unit of the setup according to Fig. 13,
Fig. 17 a plan view of the setup according to Fig. 13 with coupled piston rods,
Fig. 18 a front view of the setup according to Fig. 17,
Fig. 19 a view according to Fig. 17, but in a different operational state,
Fig. 20 a front view onto the setup according to Fig. 19,

Fig. 21 a section along line XXI-XXI from Fig. 19.
The same reference numbers will be used for the same parts and for parts with the same function.
In the embodiment of the invention depicted in Fig. 1 a pump actuating device 10 is provided which encompasses a motor control 15 for the control of two motors 11, 11', which are connected via gearing 12, 12' and clutch devices 13, 13' to the piston rods 25, 25s. An operator B can operate the motor control 15 by means of suitable switches (foot switch or finger switch) so that the motors 11, 11' alternately displace the piston rod 25, 25' and thus the pistons 22, 22' in the cylinders 21, 21' of a pump unit 20 via the described train, so that the volume of the pressure chambers 16, 16' of the pump unit 20 is alternately enlarged and reduced.
In order to seal the pressure chambers 16, 16* and the pistons 22, 22' in relation to the cylinders 21, 21' seals 23, 23' are envisaged at the pistons 22, 22'. Moreover, the piston rods 25, 25' maintain sterility with cup seals 24, 24', which are firmly fixed to the cylinders 21, 21' on the one hand and to the pistons rods 25, 25' on the other. In this way germs from the ambient air which without these cup seals 24, 24' settle on the internal walls of the cylinders 21, 21' and pass through the seals 23, 23' can neither mix with the working fluid nor find their way into the same.
Suction valves 26, 26' as well as pressure valves 27, 27' are connected to the pressure chambers 16, 16'. The suction valves 26, 26' are connected via a fluid inlet 6 to a reservoir 9 for the working fluid. The pressure valves 27, 27y are connected to the pressure hose 5 which leads to an applicator 8 via a fluid outlet 7. The pump unit 20 forms a disposable part E together with the reservoir 9 including its contents, pressure hose 5 and applicator 8, which is disposed of after each operation, so that the entire setup meets the highest sterility requirements possible.
A butterfly valve 14 is provided by means of which (in addition to the motor control 15) operator B can switch off the fluid flow completely. The embodiment of the invention shown in Fig. 1 is a pressure control valve 35 which with the aid of a valve membrane 36 can open and close a connecting channel between fluid outlet 7 and fluid inlet 6. The

membrane 36 is operated by an actuator 30 via a push rod 34 and a spring 33 as well as a dynamometer 31. The dynamometer 31 supplies a power proportional output signal to a controller 32, by means of which an operator B can set a maximum pressure. Instead of a separate dynamometer 31 the operating current of the actuator 30 can be measured which is also power proportional.
This layout guarantees that the fluid pressure can be accurately adjusted at the applicator 8. Moreover, pressure fluctuations resulting from piston operation are smoothed out by the control valve 35. The important point is that the pressure control valve 35 due to its construction operates with the membrane pressurised by fluid in a power-controlled and not a travel-controlled manner. No pressure adjustment error can therefore occur during coupling of the pump unit 20 to the pump actuating device 10 even with dimension tolerances as it is not the geometric dimensions (travel) which are important, but the power with which the pressure control valve 35 is operated.
Fig. 2 shows an exploded view of a construction embodiment of the pump device 20. In this embodiment the pressure and suction valves 26/27 encompass balls 19 which are pressed onto the valve seats via springs 18 (not visible in the illustration) which principle is known.
The cylinder head 29 has two sections to which the cylinders 21, 21' are coupled, whereby the valves sit between the cylinders 21, 21' and the cylinder head 29.
It can further be seen from Fig. 2, that the piston rods 25, 25' have coupling projections 17, 17' at their distal ends which serve to create a mechanical connection with the coupling systems 13, 13 s.
The pistons in this embodiment of the invention are formed by the proximal ends of the piston rods 25, 25' fitted with caps 28, which simultaneously hold seals 23, 23' firmly on the piston rods 25, 25'.
The pressure hose 5 is fastened irreversibly to the cylinder head 29 via a connecting piece 37, a crimping piece 38 and an internal pipe which is inserted into the pressure hose 5, whereby after assembly (in a known way) the connecting piece 37 is held in the cylinder

29.
head 29 by means of a catch 45 which holds the connecting piece 37 irreversibly in the cylinder head

Fig. 3 shows a perspective illustration of the pump actuating device 10 with a coupled pump unit 20. This illustration shows that the pump actuating device has a frame 65 to which the motors 11, IT are attached. They are constructed as reversing motors which drive the shafts 47, 47' via cog belts 48, 48' and gearing 12, 12', so that the rotary movement of the motors 11, 11' is translated into a linear movement. Attached to the shafts 47, 47' are the clutches 13, 13' to which the piston rods 25, 25' can be coupled. The setup of the actuator 30 with the relevant push rod 34 is also visible in this illustration.
Moreover, the holding device 50 is attached to the frame 25 which is intended for holdin; the pump unit 20.
The holding device is explained in more detail with the aid of Fig. 4-12.
The holding device 50 encompasses jaw holder 52, 52* with jaws 51, 51' at the end which are constructed in such a way that they can engage with the lugs 46 provided in order to hold the pump unit 20.
The jaw holders 52, 52' - as shown in Fig. 4 - are positioned on the frame 65 via swivel pins and pretensioned in the closed position (Fig. 4 - 6) by means of springs 53 (see Fig. 10). In order to insert a pump unit 20 this is pushed into the holding device 50 in such a way that the jaws 51, 51' slip with front inclined surfaces over the lugs 46 of the pump unit 20 and are forced onto it. When the pump unit 20 has then been fully pushed on, the jaw holders 52, 52' snap shut and the jaws 51, 51' hold the pump unit 20 in this position until they are pushed apart again.
The mechanism for opening the holding device 50 or jaws 51, 51' is explained with the aid of Fig. 10 - 12.
The holding device 50 encompasses a holding block 54, which has cylinder housings 56, 56J at its front which correspond to the rears of the cylinders 21, 21' of pump unit 20. The fit can be seen easily when Fig. 2 and 10 are compared.

An opening slide 57 is fixed with fastening screws 59, 59' to the cylinder housing 56, whereby the opening slide 57 has elongated holes 60, 60' so that it can be pushed back and forth. The opening slide 52 is pushed backwards, away from the pump unit 20, by means of a spring 58.
A rocker 52 which can be swivelled back and forth is fixed to the opening slide 57 by means of a rocker bearing 63 carrying symmetrically arranged tongues 64, 64s. The opening slide 57 has an opening tongue 61 at its front facing the pump unit 20. The opening tongue 61 has a height which corresponds to the distance between the internal surfaces of the jaw holders 52, 52'. On these inner surfaces of the jaw holders 52, 52' opening ramps 55, 55' have been attached in the displacement path of the opening tongue 61 in such a way that the opening tongue 61, on meeting the opening ramps 55, 55' and during further displacement in the direction of the pump unit 50, pushes apart the jaw holders 52, 52', so that they change from the position shown in Fig. 4-6 to the position in Fig. 7-9. In this position (according to Fig. 7-9) the jaws 51, 51' disengage from the lugs on the pump unit 20 thus releasing it. Displacement of the opening slide 57 occurs as described as follows.
During a "normal" operation of the pump unit 20 the shafts 47, 47' are moved back and forth alternately, so that in an end position of a shaft 47 or 47' they hold the positions shown in Fig. 6 or 10. During these movements the holding blocks 72, 72' are moved by the piston holders 70, 70' at the end of the shafts 47, 47' past the tongues 64, 64' in such a way that the rocker 62 is either tilted anti-clockwise, as shown in Fig. 6 or 10, or in the other direction in which the holding blocks 72, 72' are in the reverse position -projecting or pulled back. These alternating movements of the piston holders 70, 70' or the holding blocks 72, 72' can thus be carried out to operate the pump without displacing the opening slide 57 in the direction of the pump unit 20.
But when the shafts 47, 47' are driven in such a way that both piston holders 70, 70' or holding blocks 72, 72' run side by side, the rocker 62 cannot be avoided during displacement (in the direction of the pump unit 20), so that both holding blocks 72, 72' engage simultaneously with both holding tongues 64, 64'. As a result the opening slide 57 is pushed against the force of the spring 58 in its elongated holes 60, 60' in the direction of the pump unit 50 when the piston holders 70, 70' continue to move forward so that

"he opening tongue 61 slides over the opening ramps 55, 55' thus forcing the jaw holders 52, 52' apart. The engagement of the jaws 51, 51' in relation to the lugs 46 on the pump unit 20 is released as a result. This opening of the holding device 50 thus occurs exclusively by means of the motors 11, IT and their corresponding control by means of the motor control 15.
Below the effect or actuation of the clutch systems 13, 13' is described in more detail with which the piston rods 25, 25' are coupled to the piston holders 70, 70' via their coupling projections 17, 17'. Attention is drawn in this respect to Fig. 13 - 21.
The holding blocks 72, 72' are screwed onto the shafts 47, 47' as shown in Fig. 15 and comprise insertion openings 77, 77' into which the piston rods 25, 25' can be inserted with their coupling projections 17, 17*. Springs 71, 71' are attached to the holding blocks 72, 72' in such a way that the spring ends 73, 73' protrude into the insertion openings 77', 77y . The distance of the spring ends 73, 73' is such that the piston rods 25, 25' can be inserted into the insertion openings 71\ 77* with their coupling projections 17, 17' and force the spring ends 73, 73' apart until they snap shut behind the coupling projections 17, 17'. For this the coupling projections 17, 17' have conical ends. After inserting the coupling projections 17, 17' into the piston holders 70, 70' the piston rods 25, 25' are connected to the piston holders 70, 70' and can neither be pushed nor pulled.
Between the displacement travel of the piston holders 70, 70' or the holding blocks 72, 72' a straddle lever 74 is attached on a swivel bearing 75 so that it can tilt, where on its upper and lower side it has straddle surfaces 76, 76' on the side facing away from the pump unit 20. On the other end, the end facing the pump unit 20, swivel edges 78, 78' are constructed on the straddle lever 74.
The layout and dimensioning of the straddle lever 74 with its straddle surfaces 76, 76' and swivel edges 78, 78' is such that with alternating movements of the holding blocks 72, 72' or piston holders 70, 70', as shown in Fig. 13 and 17, the straddle lever 74 is tilted either to one side or to the other side depending on which of the piston holders 70, 70' or holding blocks 72, 72' slide past it in the direction of the pump unit 20. As result of this swivel action the straddle surfaces 76, 76' are swivelled in such a way that they do not engage with the spring ends 73, 73' of the piston holder 70 or 70' as they slide past. But when both piston holders 70, 70' are pushed parallel next to each other in the direction

of the pump unit 20 (see Fig. 14 and 19 - 21) the straddle surfaces 76 or 76' engage with the spring ends 73, 73' (see in particular Fig. 20 and 21) so that these slide along on the (chamfered) straddle surface 76 or 76' and are forced apart. As a result of this forcing apart the piston rods 25, 25* previously attached to their coupling projections 17, 17' (see holding position according to Fig. 18) are released as shown in Fig. 20. After this with the same and simultaneous parallel movement of the piston holders 70, 70' or holding blocks 72, 72' the holding device 50 as well as the jaws 51, 51' are forced open and thus their engagement with the lugs 46 of the pump unit 20 is released, the pump unit can be removed by the parallel displacement of the piston holders 70, 70' as far as their front position facing the pump unit 20 without the user having to overcome any force.
The motor control 15 is furthermore constructed in such a way that after removal of a pump unit 20 from the pump actuating device 10 both shafts 47, 47' retract the piston holders 70, 70'. If the user inserts the pump unit 20 into the pump actuating unit 10, it is only the force required for opening the holding device 50 that needs to be overcome. The piston rods 25, 25' then protrude with their coupling projections 17, 17' through the cylinder housing 56, 56' into the pump actuating device 10. The user can now control the motor 15 in such a way that the same moves the piston holders 70, 70' in the direction of the pump unit 20 in a "coupling mode" until the coupling projections 17 or 17' push apart the spring ends 73, 73' and snap shut. This snapping process is carried out separately one after the other for both coupling projections 17 or 17', so that the straddle lever 74 does not open the springs 71, 71'.
It becomes clear from the above description that the essential point of this invention is, that coupling of the pump unit 20 to the pump actuating device 10 occurs partially and decoupling occurs completely via the drive, which is itself actually envisaged for actuation of the pump. Separate drive devices are therefore not required.
Reference list

E Disposable part
B Operator
5 Pressure hose
6 Fluid inlet
7 Fluid outlet
8 Applicator

9 Reservoir
10 Pump actuating device

11, 11* Motor
12, 12' Gearing
13, 13* Clutch system

14 Butterfly valve
15 Motor control

16, 16' Pressure chamber
17, 17' Coupling projection

18 Spring
19 Ball
20 Pump unit
21,21' Cylinder
22, 22' Piston
23,23' Seal
24, 24' Cup seal
25, 25' Piston rod
26, 26' Suction valve
27, 27' Pressure valve

28 Cap
29 Cylinder head
30 Actuator
31 Dynamometer
32 Controllers
33 Spring
34 Push rod
35 Pressure control valve
36 Valve membrane
37 Connecting piece
38 Crimping piece
39 Internal tube
45 Catch tongue
46 Lugs
47,47' Spindle
48,48' Cog belt

50 Holding device
51, 51' Jaws
52,52' Jaw holder
53 Pressure spring
54 Holding block

55, 55' Opening ramp
56, 56J Cylinder housing

57 Opening slide
58 Spring

59, 59' Attachment screw
60, 60' Elongated hole

61 Opening tongue
62 Rocker
63 Rocker bearing
64, 64' Tongues
65 Frame
70 Piston holder /Engagement devices
71,71' Spring
72, 72' Holding block
73, 73' Spring ends

74 Straddle lever
75 Bearing
76, 76' Straddling surfaces
77', 77" Insertion openings
78, 78' Swivel edges








Patent claims
1. Medical pump especially for water jet surgery comprising
a pump 20 unit which is assembled as a single use article with at least one piston (22, 22') with piston rod (25, 25') for displacing the piston (22, 22') in an allocated cylinder (21, 21');
a pump actuating device (50) with at least one drive device (11, 12) and a motor control (15) for actuating the pump unit (20) by displacing the piston rod (25,25');
holding devices (46, 50) which can be opened and closed for reversible attachment of the pump unit (20) to the pump actuating device (10);
clutch devices (13, 17, 70) which can be opened and closed for reversible connection of the piston rod (25, 25') with the drive device (11, 12),
characterised in that
the drive device (11, 12) for actuating in particular for opening and/or closing the
holding devices (46, 50) and/or of the clutch devices (13, 17) is constructed to be
controllable.
2. Medical pump according to claim 1,
characterised in that
the holding devices (49, 50) and/or the clutch devices (13, 17) comprise snap devices (49, 51; 17, 70) which are constructed in such a way that closing of the holding devices (49, 50) and/or the clutch devices (13, 17, 70) can be carried out by snapping shut and opening by means of the drive device (11, 12) by opening the snap devices (49, 51; 17, 70).
3. Medical pump according to one of the previous claims, in particular according to
claim 2,
characterised in that
the snap device (49, 51; 17, 70) is constructed in such a way that the force needed
for closing is lower than the force required for opening

4. Medical pump according to one of the previous claims, in particular according to
one of the claims 2 or 3,
characterised in that
the drive device (11, 12) is constructed in such a way that the engagement devices (70) of the clutch devices (13, 17, 70) fitted in the pump actuating device (10) is positioned in a rest position prior to attaching the pump unit (20) to the pump actuating device (10) in such a way that on connection of the pump unit (20) to the pump actuating device (10) the engagement devices (70) are disengaged from the piston rods (25) and the clutch devices (13) can be closed by actuating the drive devices (11, 12).
5. Medical pump according to one of the previous claims,
characterised in that
two pistons (22) with piston rods (25) are provided in cylinders (21) and the pump actuating device (10) is constructed for alternate displacing of the pistons (22).
6. Medical pump according to one of the previous claims, in particular according to
claim 5, characterised in that
the pump actuating device (10) is constructed to be controlled by two motors (11, 11') or a motor geared in such a way that the pistons (22, 22') can be displaced additionally for alternate synchronous opening or closing of the holding device (46, 50) and/or the clutch devices (13).
7. Medical pump according to one of the previous claims,
characterised in that
the drive device (11, 12) comprises a linear drive with at least one shaft (47) and at least one motor for controllable driving of the shaft (47).
8. Medical pump according to one of the previous claims,
characterised in that
the motor control (15) is constructed in such a way that the pistons (22) can be pushed at a constant speed.


Documents:

0435-chenp-2007-abstract.pdf

0435-chenp-2007-claims.pdf

0435-chenp-2007-correspondnece-others.pdf

0435-chenp-2007-description(complete).pdf

0435-chenp-2007-drawings.pdf

0435-chenp-2007-form 1.pdf

0435-chenp-2007-form 3.pdf

0435-chenp-2007-form 5.pdf

0435-chenp-2007-pct.pdf

435-chenp-2007 amended claims 25-03-2011.pdf

435-CHENP-2007 CORRESPONDENCE OTHERS 25-03-2011.pdf

435-chenp-2007 form-3 25-03-2011.pdf

435-CHENP-2007 AMENDED CLAIMS 07-12-2010.pdf

435-CHENP-2007 CORRESPONDENCE OTHERS 23-09-2010.pdf

435-CHENP-2007 EXAMINATION REPORT REPLY RECIEVED 07-12-2010.pdf

435-chenp-2007 form-3 07-12-2010.pdf

435-CHENP-2007 OTHER PATENT DOCUMENT 07-12-2010.pdf

435-CHENP-2007 POWER OF ATTORNEY 07-12-2010.pdf

435-chenp-2007 correspondence -others.pdf

435-chenp-2007 correspondence others.pdf

435-chenp-2007 form-3.pdf


Patent Number 248194
Indian Patent Application Number 435/CHENP/2007
PG Journal Number 26/2011
Publication Date 01-Jul-2011
Grant Date 27-Jun-2011
Date of Filing 31-Jan-2007
Name of Patentee ERBE ELEKTROMEDIZIN GMBH
Applicant Address WALDHORNLESTRASSE 17, 72072 TUBINGEN, GERMANY
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 KUHNER, RALF UNTERAICHERSTRASSE 41, 70567 STUTTGART, GERMANY
2 HAGG, MARTIN IM VOGELSANG 10, 72827 WANNWEIL, GERMANY
3 QUECK, JOCHEN KASENBACHSTRASSE 13, 72076 TUBINGEN, GERMANY
PCT International Classification Number A61B 17/32
PCT International Application Number PCT/EP05/06753
PCT International Filing date 2005-06-22
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 102004031674.0 2004-06-30 Germany