Title of Invention

"EVAPORATOR FOR A REFRIGERATION SYSTEM"

Abstract An evaporator (10) for a refrigeration system, comprising a tube provided with fins (3 0) and mounted in the form of a coil (S) , conducting a refrigerating fluid therewithin and comprising tube portions (20a) arranged parallel to each other and which are transversal to the direction of a forced airflow (F) that passes externally through the evaporator (10), from a first end region (11) of air admission, to a second end region (12) of air outlet of the evaporator (10) . The tube portions (20a) are arranged in the form of at least one coil (S), having an inlet end (21) provided in the second end jregion (12) of the evaporator (10) and an outlet end (22) provided in the first end region (11) of the evaporator (10) , so that the refrigerating fluid flows through the coil (S) in counterflow direction in relation to the forced airflow (F) .
Full Text Field of invention
The present invention refers to an evaporator for a refrigeration system with forced ventilation generally used in refrigeration, freezers, and other refrigeration appliances. The invention is particularly directed to an evaporator comprising an assembly of tubes arranged in series and incorporating thermal exchange extended surfaces, known as fins and over which passes a forced airflow to be refrigerated by evaporation of a refrigerating fluid supplied to the interior of the coil of the evaporator. Background of the invention
Refrigeration systems with forced ventilation, which are usually applied in refrigerators and freezers, generally use an evaporator of the compact tube-fin type, comprising a plurality of fins that are incorporated and trespassed by a bundle of tubes arranged in series in the form of a coil, inside which flows a refrigerating fluid. Externally to the tubes and to the fins of the evaporator passes a forced airflow, which is removed from the inside of an environment to be refrigerated by the evaporator and discharged back to the inside of said environment, as it occurs in the refrigerating or freezing compartments of a refrigeration appliance, for example.
These evaporators are constructed so as to assure a determined heat exchange rate between the forced airflow passing through the tubes of the evaporator and through the fins externally affixed to the tubes.
The evaporators of the tube-fin type with forced ventilation are normally used in household refrigerators and freezers of the no-frost or frost-free types with automatic defrost, usually comprising

two vertical and parallel rows of horizontal tubes 20, which are incorporated to fins 3 0 and connected in series in each row, defining two mutually parallel vertical coils connected in series to each other, as shown in figures 1, 2, and 3 of the enclosed drawings. In these evaporators, the refrigerating fluid, which is refrigerated in the condenser of the refrigeration system and expanded through an expanding device, is supplied to a tube 20 of a first vertical coil SI located in the region 12 for the outlet of the forced airflow F that passes through the evaporator 10. The refrigerating fluid flows through the first coil SI, generally from top to bottom and in an opposite direction or in counterflow in relation to the forced airflow F.
The refrigerating fluid is conducted to a second coil S2, flowing through the latter in an opposite direction to the flow in the first coil SI, that is, in the same direction of the forced airflow, defining a parallel or concurrent flow heat exchanger. The prior art constructive arrangement utilizes two parallel coils (SI, S2) connected in series and conducting the refrigerating fluid in opposite directions, that is, defining, respectively, a counterflow heat exchanger followed by a heat exchanger with a flow that is parallel to the forced airflow passing through the evaporator.
In the constructions of this type, in which it is possible to occur a significant overheating of the refrigerating fluid in the region close to the outlet of the evaporator, which situation generally occurs during the transient working period, the first coil Si, which operates as a counterflow heat exchanger, presents a higher efficiency than the second coil S2 operating as a parallel flow heat exchanger.
Considering that the operation of the household refrigerators and freezers is controlled by a thermostat, the behavior thereof is typically transient, making the tubes 2 0 of the evaporator 10 contain overheated vapor during most of its working period.
If there were no overheating of the vaporized refrigerant at the outlet- of the evaporator, the second coil S2 in concurrent flow in relation to the forced airflow F would present a performance equivalent to the first coil SI operating in counterflow.
However, the condition without overheating is observed only when the refrigeration system is working in a permanent regimen, which does not occur in practice. The fact of existing a region with overheated vapor in the evaporator 10 of a refrigerator or a freezer with forced ventilation during most of the working time of these household appliances indicates that the performance of the first coil SI in counterflow is better than that of the second coil S2, in which the flow of the refrigerating fluid is parallel to the forced airflow and in which the overheating region generally appears (outlet region). Objects of the Invention
As a function of the operational problem mentioned above, it is the object of the present invention to provide an evaporator for a refrigeration system of the forced ventilation type, to be used in refrigerators and freezers, which presents a higher global coefficient of heat transfer, so that the appliance can operate with a higher evaporation pressure, which increases the energetic efficiency of the refrigeration system. Summary of the Invention

The evaporator of the present invention comprises a
tube provided with fins and bent in the form of a
coil, conducting a refrigerating fluid therewithin and
comprising tube portions, disposed parallel to each
other and which are transversal to the direction of a
forced airflow that passes externally through the
evaporator, from a first end region of air admission
to a second end region of air outlet of said
evaporator.
According to the invention, the tube has its tube
portions arranged as a coil, having an inlet end
provided in the second end region of the evaporator,
and an outlet end provided in the first end region of
the evaporator, so that the refrigerating fluid flows
through the coil in counterflow in relation to the
forced airflow.
The constructive arrangement proposed by the invention
and described above allows the overheated
refrigerating fluid to be found in the first end
region of the evaporator, forming a counterflow heat
exchanger.
Brief Description of the Drawings
The invention will be described below, with reference
to the enclosed drawings, given as a way of example
for a preferred embodiment, and in which:
Figure 1 is a simplified front view of a prior art
evaporator of the tube-fin type, comprising two
parallel coils,-
Figures 2 and 3 are opposite end views of the prior
art evaporator, taken according to the arrows II and
III of figure 1, respectively;
Figure 4 is a simplified front view of an evaporator
constructed according to the present invention;
Figure 5 is a lateral view of the present evaporator,
taken according to the arrow V of figure 4; and

Figure 6 is an opposite lateral view of the evaporator of the invention, taken accordingly to the arrow VI of figure 4 .
Detailed description of the Invention:
Accordingly, the present invention provides an evaporator (10) for a refrigeration system comprising a tube (20) provided with fins(30), characterized in that the tube (20) has its tube portions (20a) arranged as a coil (S) conducting a refrigerating fluid therewithin, having an inlet end (21) provided in the second end region (12) of the evaporator (10), and a outlet end (22) provided in the first end region (11) of the evaporator (10) to flow the refrigerating fluid through coil (S) in counterflow direction in relation to the forced airflow (F) , wherein the said tube portions (20a) arranged in parallel rows that each of the row define a plane which is substantially perpendicular to the direction Of the forced' airflow (F) that passes externally through the evaporator (10), from a first end region (11) of air entry to a second end region (12) of air outlet of the said evaporator (10). As illustrated in figures 4, 5 and 6, the evaporator 10 of the present invention comprises a tube 2 0 bent in the form of a coil ■ and which incorporates fins 3 0 to increase its heat exchange capacity in the external region, said tube 2 0 being known as a finned tube.
The tube 20 comprises several tube portions 20a in a single piece or in distinct pieces, which are connected in series to each other so as to conduct a refrigerating fluid of the refrigeration system with which the evaporator 10 is operatively associated. The tube portions 2 0a are arranged in such a way as to form a bundle of tubes parallel to each

other and transversal to the direction of a forced airflow F that passes externally through the evaporator 10. The forced airflow F is generally produced by suction or discharge of a fan (not illustrated) , in such a way as to enter into the evaporator 10 through a first end region 11 of air admission, and to leave the evaporator 10 through a second end region 12.
The tube 2 0 comprising the tube portions 2 0a and the fins 30 are obtained from any adequate metallic material with high thermal conductivity, with the fins being generally rectilinear and parallel to the displacement direction of the forced airflow F.
According to the illustrated embodiment of the invention, the tube 2 0 comprising the tube portions 2 0a is arranged in a single coil S, having an inlet and 21, for admission of the refrigerating fluid into tha evaporator 10, which is located in the second end region 12 of the evaporator 10 in which the already refrigerated forced airflow F is delivered. The coil S further presents and outlet end 22 provided in the first end region 11 of the evaporator 10 and through which the hot air is admitted, so that the refrigerating fluid flows through the coil S in counterflow in relation to the forced airflow F.
In the illustrated construction, only one coil S is used. However, the hypothesis of providing two or more coils in a parallel arrangement should be considered, each defining a heat exchanger in counterflow in relation to the forced airflow F.
In the illustrated construction, the coil S is formed by several mutually parallel rows of tube portions 2 0a, which are connected in series at the opposite ends thereof by respective curved parts 25, the rows preferably lying on

planes that are parallel to each other and transversal to the forced airflow F.
With the proposed construction, the refrigerating fluid flows in a direction opposite to that of the forced airflow F, forming a counterflow heat exchanger, maintaining a more uniform temperature difference between the refrigerating fluid and the forced airflow throughout the whole extension of the evaporator, thus obtaining: a better performance from the heat exchanger.





We Claim;
l.An evaporator (10) for a refrigeration system comprising a tube (20) provided with fins(30), characterized in that the tube (20) has its tube portions (20a) arranged as a coil (S) conducting a refrigerating fluid therewithin, having an inlet end (21) provided in the second end region (12) o£ the evaporator (10) , and a outlet end (22) provided in the first end region (11) of the evaporator (10) to flow the refrigerating fluid through coil (S) in counterflow direction in relation to the forced airflow (F) , wherein the said tube portions (20a) arranged in parallel rows that each of the row define a plane which is substantially perpendicular to the direction of the forced airflow (F) that passes externally through the evaporator (10), from a first end region (11) of air entry to a second end region (12) of air outlet of the said evaporator (10).
2. An evaporator (10) as claimed in claim 1, wherein the parallel rows of tube portions (20a) are connected in, series at the opposite ends thereof and said tube portions (2 0a) defining each of the row are alternatingly staggered along their respective planes.
3. An evaporator for a refrigeration system substantially as herein described with reference to the description and drawings accompanying this specification.

Documents:

298-delnp-2005-abstract.pdf

298-DELNP-2005-Claims-(Cancelled).pdf

298-DELNP-2005-Claims.pdf

298-delnp-2005-complete specification (granted).pdf

298-delnp-2005-complete specification -(as files).pdf

298-delnp-2005-correspondence-others.pdf

298-delnp-2005-correspondence-po.pdf

298-DELNP-2005-Description (Complete).pdf

298-DELNP-2005-Drawings.pdf

298-delnp-2005-form-1.pdf

298-delnp-2005-form-13.pdf

298-delnp-2005-form-18.pdf

298-DELNP-2005-Form-2.pdf

298-delnp-2005-form-26.pdf

298-delnp-2005-form-3.pdf

298-delnp-2005-form-5.pdf

298-delnp-2005-pct-101.pdf

298-delnp-2005-pct-210.pdf

298-delnp-2005-pct-304.pdf

298-delnp-2005-pct-409.pdf

298-delnp-2005-pct-416.pdf


Patent Number 248081
Indian Patent Application Number 298/DELNP/2005
PG Journal Number 24/2011
Publication Date 17-Jun-2011
Grant Date 15-Jun-2011
Date of Filing 27-Jan-2005
Name of Patentee MULTIBRAS S.A. ELETRODOMESTICOS
Applicant Address AVENIDA DAS NACOES UNIDAS, 12995-32º ANDAR 04578-000-SAO PAULO-SP BAZIL
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 HERMES CHRISTIAN JOHANN LOSSO RUA LUIZ DELFINO 719-AP.401, 89216-120-JOINVILLE-SC, BRAZIL
2 MARQUES MARCO EDUARDO RUA ORESTES GUIMARAES 421-AP.401 89204-060-JOINVLLE-SC BRAZIL
PCT International Classification Number F25B 39/02
PCT International Application Number PCT/BR03/00113
PCT International Filing date 2003-08-13
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 PI 0203675-4 2002-08-14 Brazil