Title of Invention

METHOD TO MAKE A SPLICE IN A LAID ROPE CONSTRUCTION AND SPLICED ROPE CONSTRUCTION

Abstract The invention relates to a method to make a splice in a laid rope construction comprising at least two strands, wherein: a) one end of a first rope end is split in a first and a second part comprising respectively a first and a second number of strands, the first number of strands being at most one more than the second number of strands; b) the first part is tucked from one side into an opening in a second rope, such that the opening has a first number of strands of the second rope on one side and a second number of strands on the other side, where the first and second number differ at most by one; c) the second part is tucked from the other side into the opening in the second rope; and d) step b) and c) are repeated at feast 3 respectively at least 3+1 times, whereby the respective openings in the second rope are separated such that the first and the second part have crossed over at least all the strands of the second rope once and the first and second part leave the second rope at respective last openings. The invention further relates to a spliced rope construction containing the new splice, like a rope with an eye, a grommet, a hawser a round sling, or an endless rope. ABSTRACT The invention relates to a method to make a splice in a laid rope construction comprising at least two strands, wherein: a) one end of a first rope end is split in a first and a second part comprising respectively a first and a second number of strands, the first number of strands being at most one more than the second number of strands; b) the first part is tucked from one side into an opening in a second rope, such that the opening has a first number of strands of the second rope on one side and a second number of strands on the other side, where the first and second number differ at most by one; c) the second part is tucked from the other side into the opening in the second rope; and d) step b) and c) are repeated at feast 3 respectively at least 3+1 times, whereby the respective openings in the second rope are separated such that the first and the second part have crossed over at least all the strands of the second rope once and the first and second part leave the second rope at respective last openings. The invention further relates to a spliced rope construction containing the new splice, like a rope with an eye, a grommet, a hawser a round sling, or an endless rope.
Full Text

METHOD TO MAKE A SPLICE IN A LAID ROPE CONSTRUCTION
The invention relates to a method to make a splice in a laid rope construction containing at least two strands and to a new spliced rope construction obtainable by said method.
Splices are used amongst others in eye splices and end-for-end * splices for e.g. ropes, grommets, hawsers and round slings. Splices are also used in the production of endless ropes.
A method to make a splice in a laid rope is known from "The Splicing Handbook of Barbara Merry, ISBN 0-07-135438-7. Herein a splice is made by splitting a rope in its single strands and tucking these single strands in another part of the rope in case of an eye splice, or in another rope in cases where two ropes are to be connected with each other. In the known method typically all constituting strands are separately tucked in another rope or in another part of the same rope to make an eye.
A connection made with a known splice in a rope has a lower strength than thestrength of the original rope. This means that the strength retention, hereinafter referred to a "efficiency", of the known splices, being the relative strength of the splice and the strength of the original rope, is below 100%.
The invention aims to provide a method for making a splice in a laid rope construction with at least two-strand ropes, which method results in a splice with a higher efficiency than the known splice.
This aim is achieved with a method comprising the steps of:
a) Splitting one end of a first rope end in a first and a second part comprising respectively a first and a second number of strands, the first number of strands being at most one more than the second number of strands;
b) Tucking the first part from one side into an opening in a second rope, such that the opening has a first number of strands of the second rope on one side and a second number of strands on the other side, the first and second number differing at most by one;
c) Tucking the second part from the other side into the opening in the second rope;
d) Repeating steps b) and c) at least 3, respectively at least 3+1 times, whereby the-respective openings in the second rope are separated such that the first and the second part have crossed over at least all the strands of the second rope once and the first and second part leave the second rope at respective last openings.

With the method according to the invention it was surprisingly found that the efficiency is higher than the efficiency of the known splice.
The invention provides a method to make a splice in a laid rope construction with at least two strands. Ropes containing only two strands are not commonly used per se, but may form part of a larger rope construction wherein they can be connected with a splice. Preferably, the laid rope contains at least three strands, since such ropes generally-are more symmetrical. In a preferred embodiment the rope contains 3,4 or 6 strands.
In the method of the invention one end of a first rope is split in a first and a second part comprising respectively a first and a second number of strands, the first part having a number of strands being at most one more than the number of strands in the second part. This means that a 3-strand rope is split in a first part with 2 strands and a second part with only 1 strand. A 4-strand rope is split in two parts of 2 strands and a 6-strand rope in two parts of 3 strands.
In the method of the invention the first part is tucked from one side into an opening in a second rope, such that the opening has a first number of strands of the second rope on one side and a second number of strands on the other side, wherein the first and second number differ at most by one. With a second rope in this application is not only meant a second or other rope as such, in case two ropes are to be connected with each* other, but also another part of the first rope, in case an eye is to be made. A second rope may also be the other end of the first rope in case a round sling or a grommet is to be made. Generally the first and the second rope have the same number of strands.
In case the first and second rope have 3 strands each, the said opening has 2 strands on one side and 1 strand on the other side. If the first and second rope has 4 or 6 strands, the said opening has 2, respectively 3 strands on both sides.
In the method of the invention the second part is tucked from the other side in the same opening in the second rope, which implies that both parts of the first rope are tucked in different directions through the opening in the second rope.
In the method of the invention steps b) and c) are repeated at least 3 times, whereby the respective openings are separated such that the first and the second part have crossed over at least ail the strands of the second rope once and the first and second part leave the second rope at respective last openings. The sequence wherein step b) and c) are repeated is of no importance for the efficiency of the

resulting splice. It may be advantageous to first tuck the first part several times, and than the other part, because this will save time.
Preferably, both parts are tensioned after every step b) and c), before continuing with the next steps, to result in a better and more compact splice construction.
After at least 3 tucks for the first, and at least 3+1 tucks for the second part, the splice can be tapered. With at least 3+1 it is meant that the second part has at least one more tuck than the first part in order to avoid the tapering of the two parts to commence at the same place.
The tapering can be done by cutting off half or one third of the first and second part of the first roper and continue the steps b) and c) for another three or four times. This process of tapering can be repeated until the remaining first and second part are being cut off completely.
Preferably the splice is tapered by:
e) cutting off a complete strand from the first and the second part where they leave the last opening,
f) repeating step b) and c) for at least 3 times
g) repeating steps e) and 0 until the last strand rope is being cut off.
The advantage of the method according to the invention including the tapering steps is that it is easier to determine one half or one third in a part consisting of two respectively three strand ropes than to find half of or one third of the yams in one strand rope, especially if a splice is to be made in multi-strand rope construction.
The sequence of steps as described above for the process according to the invention is especially suited for making an eye in a rope, wherein optionally a thimble can be used around which the eye is made. If two ropes, either two ends from the same rope or from two different ropes are to be connected, the same sequence of steps is preferably repeated for the end or tail of the second rope, which end is tucked into the first rope, in order to make an optimal connection.
The rope used in the method of the invention can be made from any material commonly used for yams, being of natural or synthetic origin. Examples of synthetic materials used in ropes with at least two strands are polyester, nylon, polypropylene, aramtds/polyethylene, and high macular weight polyethylene.
An additional advantage of the method according to the invention is. that with this method a splice is made much fester than with the known method.

This advantage is particularly relevant for multi-strand ropes, and especially for ropes produced from highly drawn fibers of high molecular weight linear polyethylene. Because of the low coefficient of friction of fibres and ropes made from this material, a splice of a relatively high number of tucks is generally required to obtain a good efficiency, e.g. a splice of at least 9 tucks. By using coated high molecular weight polyethylene ropes, the number of tucks required to obtain a good efficiency can be brought down to about 7. This high number of tucks combined with advantage of the fester production of the splice according to the invention with respect to the known splice, makes that the method of the invention is preferably used in a rope comprising highly drawn fibres of high-molecular weight linear polyethylene. High molecular weight here means a weight average molecular weight (or molar mass) of at least 400,000 g/mol.
Linear polyethylene here means polyethylene having less than 1 side chain or branch per 100 C atoms, preferably less than 1 side chain per 300 C atoms,, a side chain containing at least 10 C atoms. The polyethylene may also contain up to 5' mol % of one or more other alkenes that are ccpolymerisable therewith, such as propylene, butene, pentene, 4-methylpentene, or octene.
Preferably, use is made of polyethylene fibres consisting of polyethylene filaments prepared by a gel spinning process as described in for example GB-A-2G42414, GB-A-2051667, or WO01/73173. This process essentially comprises the preparation of a solution of a polyolefin of high intrinsic viscosity, spinning the solution into filaments at a temperature above the dissolving temperature, cooling down the filaments to below the gelling temperature of the solution so that gelling occurs, and drawing the filaments before, during or after removal of the solvent.
The invention further relates to a spliced rope construction obtainable by the method of the invention, to the use of this splicing method to make an eye in a rope, as well as for end-for-end splices in ropes, grommets, hawsers, round slings, or endless ropes.
The invention further relates to a spliced rope construction according to the invention, being for example a grommet, a hawser, a round sling or an endless rope..
- - The invention is further elucidated by the following Examples
Comparative Experiments, which are carried out with a 3-strand laid rope made of highly-drawn fibres of high-molecular weight linear polyethylene (Dyneema® SK75, ex DSM High Performance Fibers, NL), having a construction of 3x24x1/1760 dTe* so

g/m and a lay length of 62 mm.
The rapes were coated with a Lago L45 (ex GOVI, Belgium) / water mixture (1 part by weight Lago and 2 parts by^/veight of water) such that after drying the rope comprises 16 mass% (relative to the weight of the rope) of the coating material.
The rapes with a length between bollards of 210 cm were subjected to a pre-stress of 4000N and a tensile test was carried out on a 100 tons Zwick tensile tester with a speed of 150 mm/min.
Example)
An end-for-end splice was made in two ropes of the above mentioned construction with 6 tucks, tapered in 2 steps of each 3 tucks (hereinafter referred to as a 6/3/3 splice): The time tcmake the splice according to the invention turned out to be 2x5 minutes. The tensile strength was 76,4 kN, which is an efficiency of 100 %.
Example II
A single roundsling was made with the rope of the above-mentioned construction and a (8/3/3) splice according to the invention. The tensile strength was 2 x 74,8 kN, which corresponds to an efficiency of 98 %
Example III
A rope of the above-mentioned construction with two eye-splices (6/3/3) and one end-for-end splice in the middle (8/3/3) was made with splices according to the invention. The tensile strength of this construction turned out to be 74,5 kN, which corresponds with an efficiency of 97 %
Comparative Experiment A
An end-for end splice was made in two ropes of the above-mentioned construction with 6 tucks, tapered in 2 steps of 3 tucks, but using a splicing method according to the state of the art, as described in "The Splicing Handbook of 3arbara Merry (ISBN 0.07-135438-7). The time to make this splice turned out to be 2 x 20 minutes. Tna tensile strength was 71,3 kN, which is a an efficiency of 93 %.
Comparative Experiment 8
Example II was repeated with a splice with 8 tucks, tapered in 2 steps

of 3 tucks, according to the state of the art mentioned in Comparative Example A. The strength of this spite was 71,4 kN, which corresponds with an effidency of 93 %.



CLAIMS
1. Method to make a splice in a laid rope construction containing at least two
strands comprising the steps of:
a) splitting one end of a first rope end in a first and a second part
comprising respectively a first and a second number of strands, the first
number of strands being at most one more than the second number of
strands;
b) tucking the first part from one side into an opening in a second rope,
such that the opening has a first number of strands of the second rope
on one side and a second number of strands on the other side, the first
and second number differing at most by one;
c) tucking the second part from the other side into the opening in the second rope;
d) repeating steps b) and c) at least 3, respectively at least 3+1 times, whereby the respective openings in the second rope are separated such that the first and the second part have crossed over at least ail the strands of the second rope once and the first and second part leave the
. second rope at respective last openings.
2. Method according to claim 1, wherein the laid rope construction contains at
least three strands.
3. Method according to claim 1 or 2, further comprising the steps oft
e) cutting a complete strand from the first and the second part where they
leave the last opening;
f) repeating steps b) and c) at least 3 times;
g) repeating steps e) and f) until the last strand is cut off.
4. Spliced rope construction obtainable by the method of any one of claims 1-3.
5. Spliced rope construction of claim 4, containing an eye splice, and/or an end-
fbr-end splice.
6. Spliced rope construction of claim 4, being a grommet, a hawser, a round sling
or an endless rope.


Documents:

786-chenp-2005 amended pages of specification 17-03-2011.pdf

786-chenp-2005 amended claims 17-03-2011.pdf

786-chenp-2005 form-3 17-03-2011.pdf

786-chenp-2005 other patent document 17-03-2011.pdf

786-chenp-2005 power of attorney 17-03-2011.pdf

786-chenp-2005 correspondence others 19-05-2010.pdf

786-CHENP-2005 CORRESPONDENCE OTHERS 20-04-2011.pdf

786-chenp-2005 examination report reply recieved 17-03-2011.pdf

786-chenp-2005-abstract.pdf

786-chenp-2005-claims.pdf

786-chenp-2005-correspondnece-others.pdf

786-chenp-2005-description(complete).pdf

786-chenp-2005-form 1.pdf

786-chenp-2005-form 26.pdf

786-chenp-2005-form 3.pdf

786-chenp-2005-form 5.pdf

786-chenp-2005-form18.pdf

786-chenp-2005-pct.pdf


Patent Number 247916
Indian Patent Application Number 786/CHENP/2005
PG Journal Number 23/2011
Publication Date 10-Jun-2011
Grant Date 02-Jun-2011
Date of Filing 29-Apr-2005
Name of Patentee DSM IP ASSETS B.V.
Applicant Address HET OVERLOON 1, 6411 TE HEERLEN.
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 WETZELS, KAREL, JOZEF VELDKUILSTRAAT 20, NL-6462 BD KERKRADE.
2 DIRKS, CHRISTIAAN, HENRI, PETER BAUTSHOEFSTRAAT 13, B-3650 DILSEN, BELGIUM
PCT International Classification Number B65H 69/06
PCT International Application Number PCT/NL03/00756
PCT International Filing date 2003-10-31
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 02079571.2 2002-11-01 EUROPEAN UNION