Title of Invention

EMERGENCY CALL PLACEMENT METHOD

Abstract An emergency call placement method (200) used in user equipment in idle mode camped on a first cell of a wireless communication network having a first radio access technology includes the steps of requesting (216) a radio resource control connection using "emergency call" as an establishment request, changing (240, 250) to a new cell in a different location area or routing area than the first cell, and requesting again (216) a radio resource control connection using "emergency call" as an establishment request. This method avoids performing a location area update or a routing area update (285) when the user equipment changes to a new cell during an emergency call and thus may speed up placement of the emergency call by several seconds.
Full Text FIELD OF THE DISCLOSURE
This disclosure relates generally to telecommunications, and more
particularly to placing an emergency call on user equipment within a cellular
telecommunications system.
BACKGROUND OF THE DISCLOSURE
The radio transmissions of a single base station cover a particular
geographical area usually called a "cell." A change in serving cell occurs as a
mobile station (MS or user equipment (UE)) travels from an old cell to a new
cell. This permits mobile stations to "roam" considerable distances. In view of
the extent to which a UE can travel, a number of geographic area levels are
utilized for mobility management. A location area (LA) is a group of cells
established by a service operator for circuit-switched connections. A routing
area (RA) is a group of cells established by a service operator for packet-
switched connections. As the UE moves, it updates its LA and/or RA so the
UE can be located within that larger area even when it travels outside of a
particular cell. Then, when the network needs to establish a connection or
exchange data with a UE and the location of the UE is not known at a cell
level, the UE is paged within the last location area or routing area updated by
the UE. The UE answers the page by sending a page response message to the
network from the particular cell where the UE is currently located.
A UE can change its serving cell (which consequently may be in a
different LA or RA) autonomously, using a procedure called reselection.
When the UE is in idle mode and is camped normally on a cell, it monitors its
neighboring cells for a possible reselection in case one of the neighboring cells

provides better service. Alternately, a UE can change its serving cell as
directed by the network, using a procedure called redirection. If a reselection
or redirection is to a cell in a different LA or RA, a location area update (LAU)
or routing area update (RAU) will be needed.
The process of LAU and RAU may take several seconds due to the
various authentication and identification procedures that the network may
request. If a UE begins to place an emergency call and it then changes to a cell
in a different LA and/or RA through redirection or reselection, then it will
perform a LAU and/or RAU, which may delay placement of the emergency
call. Thus, it is desirable to avoid performing location area updates and
routing area updates when attempting to place an emergency call.
The various aspects, features and advantages of the disclosure will
become more fully apparent to those having ordinary skill in the art upon
careful consideration of the following Drawings and accompanying Detailed
Description.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE ACCOMPANYING DRAWINGS
FIG. 1 shows a simplified diagram of a mobile communication system
according to a preferred embodiment.
FIG. 2 shows a flowchart diagram of a call placement method
according to the preferred embodiment.
FIG. 3 shows a flowchart diagram of an emergency call placement
method according to the preferred embodiment.
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE PREFERRED EMBODIMENT
An emergency call placement method for use in user equipment in idle
mode camped on a first cell of a wireless communication network having a

first radio access technology includes the steps of requesting a radio resource
control connection using "emergency call" as an establishment request,
changing to a new cell in a different location area or routing area than the first
cell, and requesting again a radio resource control connection using
"emergency call" as an establishment request. This method avoids
performing a location area update or a routing area updating when the user
equipment changes to a new cell during an emergency call and thus may
speed up placement of the emergency call by several seconds.
FIG. 1 shows a simplified diagram of a mobile communication system
100 according to a preferred embodiment. In the system 100, user equipment
(UE), sometimes referred to as a mobile station (MS), communicates over-the-
air with at least one base station (BS), sometimes called a base transceiver
station (BTS). UE 113 is in idle mode and camped on BS 125 as indicated by
signal 193. UE 115 is also in idle mode and also camped on BS 125 as indicated
by signal 196. There are other base stations, BS 121, BS 123, BS 127, and BS 129,
in varying degrees of proximity to UE 113 and UE 115. A radio network
controller (RNC), sometimes called a base station controller (BSC), manages
one or more base stations. In this simplified diagram, RNC 133 manages BS
121, BS 123, and BS 125 while RNC 136 manages BS 127 and BS 129. The radio
network controllers and their associated base stations make up a radio access
network (RAN).
The RAN is connected to at least one telecommunications core network
through control nodes. There are different control nodes depending on
whether the communication connection is circuit-switched or packet-
switched. A mobile switching center (MSC) 143 connects to circuit-switched
networks such as a public switched telephone network (PSTN) 153 and an
integrated services digital network (ISDN) 154. A Serving GPRS Support
Node (SGSN) 146 connects to packet-switched networks such as the Internet
156.

At a conceptual level, the coverage areas of BS121 and BS123 have
been grouped together to form a routing area (RA) 172 for packet-switched
connections. The coverage area of BS 125 is another routing area 174. And the
coverage areas of BS 127 and BS 129 are a third routing area 176. A service
operator determines routing areas and, in general, a single routing area has
multiple cells; however, we have simplified this diagram with the result that
the routing areas are unusually small.
Similarly, the coverage areas of BS 121, BS123, and BS 125 make up a
single location area (LA) 163 for circuit-switched connections. The coverage
areas of BS 127 and BS 129 are a second location area 166. In general, a service
operator groups multiple cells into a single location area; however, we have
simplified this diagram with the result that the location areas are unusually
small. Typically, a location area is larger than a routing area. In this
specification, the terms "routing area" or "location area" are generically
referred to as "steering area."
Note that UE113 straddles two routing areas RA 172 and RA 174, but it
is well within a single location area LA 163. If the serving cell of the UE 113
changes, it may need to update its routing area but not its location area. UE
115 straddles two routing areas RA 174 and RA 176 and two location areas LA
163 and LA 166. If the serving cell of the UE 115 changes, it may need to
update both its routing area and its location area.
FIG. 2 shows a flowchart diagram 200 of a call placement method
according to the preferred embodiment. We shall use as an example the UE
115 in FIG. 1, which is camped on BS 125. First, we shall describe a normal,
non-emergency flow. Step 201 starts call placement. If the call is not an
emergency call, as determined in step 210, in step 213 the UE 115 sends to its
serving BS 125 a radio resource control (RRC) connection request with
"originating conversational call" as an establishment cause. If step 220
determines that the UE 115 received a network acknowledgement through the

BS125, such as an RRC Connection Setup message, the UE can complete the
RRC connection setup in step 226, which includes sending an RRC
Connection Setup Complete message to the network. Recalling that the call is
not an emergency call, as determined in step 230, the UE 115 sends a
connection management (CM) service request with "mobile originating call
establishment" as the CM service type in step 236. At this point, the call
placement process ends in step 299, and the circuit-switched connection is
complete.
Still in a non-emergency call scenario, the network may not send an
RRC Connection Setup message, as determined in step 220. Instead, the
network may send an RRC Connection Reject as shown in step 240. The
rejection message may contain instructions to redirect the UE to a different
carrier frequency (e.g., from one WCDMA cell to another WCDMA cell) or
another radio access technology (e.g., from WCDMA to GSM).
Also, if the network does not redirect the UE, the UE may
autonomously reselect a new cell as determined in step 250. For example,
while the UE 115 is monitoring a forward access channel (sometimes called
FACH mode or pseudo FACH mode), the UE 115 may autonomously reselect
BS 127 over BS 125 during the call placement process. Note that the UE may
reselect to a WCDMA cell having the same carrier frequency as the original
cell, a WCDMA cell having a different carrier frequency as the original cell, or
a GSM cell.
Thus, described are at least two ways for the UE to change to a new
cell. Another way to change to a new cell includes receiving a message from
the network directing the UE to a particular cell.
Returning to FIG. 1, for example the network may redirect the UE 115
to a different WCDMA frequency, which results in a cell selection of BS 127. If
the UE 115 changes from BS 125 to BS 127 either through redirection or

reselection, the UE115 is also changing its location area from LA 163 to LA
166 and its routing area from RA174 to RA176.
If there is no redirection or reselection, as determined in step 240 and
step 250, the UE continues to wait for an RRC Connection Setup message in
step 220.
If the UE in a non-emergency call, as recalled in step 260, is redirected
or reselects to a cell in a different location area and/or routing area, as
determined in step 270, the UE sends an RRC Connection Request with
"registration" as an establishment cause, as shown in step 275. If there is a
redirection or reselection in a non-emergency call placement, but no change in
location area or routing area, the flow starts again at step 210. After an RRC
Connection Setup message is received, as determined in step 280, the UE and
the network perform a location area update or routing area update in step
285. An area update includes identification and authentication procedures,
which may take up to several seconds to complete. If both a location area
update and a routing area update are performed, more than one identification
or authentication procedure may be required. After the area updates are
completed, the UE sends a connection management (CM) service request with
"mobile originating call establishment" as a CM service type, as shown in step
236. The non-emergency call placement flow then ends in step 299.
In an emergency call, it is advantageous to avoid the area update
procedures (including the associated identification and authentication
processes) of step 285 to reduce the time needed to set up the emergency call.
After all, location areas and routing areas were established mainly for paging
relating to call reception rather than call origination. An emergency call is
assumed to be call origination from the UE. We return to the beginning of the
flow chart at step 201.
If the call is an emergency call, as determined in step 210, the UE
transmits a radio resource control (RRC) Connection Request with

"Emergency Call" as an establishment cause in step 216. If an RRC
Connection Setup message is received as determined in step 220, the UE
completes the RRC connection setup in step 226 which includes sending an
RRC Connection Setup Complete message to the network and, seeing that
there is an emergency call in step 230, sends a CM Service Request with
"Emergency Call Establishment" as a CM service type as shown in step 233.
At this point, the call placement process ends in step 299, and the circuit-
switched connection is complete.
If, however, the UE receives an RRC Connection Reject message with
redirection, as determined in step 240, or if the UE reselects to a new cell as
determined in step 250, step 260 recalls that it is trying to place an emergency
call and returns to step 216, through emergency call determination step 210,
and sends another RRC Connection Request with "Emergency Call" as an
establishment cause instead of going to step 275 where "Registration" would
be the establishment cause.
Thus, the method does not query whether the new cell is in a different
location area or routing area in step 270 and subsequently does not perform a
location area update or a routing area update in step 285. One of ordinary
skill in the art can adapt this call placement method to other situations. For
example, a packet-switched connection uses a similar messaging flow but
does not need to send a CM Service Request message as shown in step 233
and step 236.
FIG. 3 shows a flowchart diagram 300 of an emergency call placement
method according to the preferred embodiment. FIG. 3 is essentially only the
emergency call placement portion of the flowchart diagram in FIG. 2 and
clearly shows that no location area update or routing area update is
performed during an emergency call placement.
Step 301 starts the emergency call placement. The UE sends an RRC
connection request with an "emergency call" establishment cause in step 316.

If an RRC Connection Setup message is not received by the UE as determined
by step 320, the UE checks to see if an RRC Connection Reject with redirection
is received in step 340 or if the UE has reselected a new cell in step 350. If
either a redirection or reselection has occurred, the method returns to step 316
and sends another RRC connection request with an establishment cause of
"emergency call." If neither a redirection nor reselection has occurred, the UE
continues to wait for an RRC Connection Setup message in step 320.
Once an RRC Connection Setup message is received by the UE as
determined by step 320, the UE completes the RRC Connection setup in step
326 which includes sending an RRC Connection Setup Complete message to
the network and sends a CM Service Request with a CM service type of
"emergency call establishment." Then the emergency call placement is
complete in step 399.
Thus, the emergency call placement method avoids a location area
update or a routing area update, which saves time when in an emergency
situation. This preferred embodiment uses the terminology of 3G wireless
communication networks; however, other wireless communication networks
can implement the method described in this disclosure.
While this disclosure includes what are considered presently to be the
preferred embodiment and best mode of the invention described in a manner
that establishes possession thereof by the inventors and that enables those of
ordinary skill in the art to make and use the invention, it will be understood
and appreciated that there are many equivalents to the preferred embodiment
disclosed herein and that modifications and variations may be made without
departing from the scope and spirit of the invention, which are to be limited
not by the preferred embodiment but by the appended claims, including any
amendments made during the pendency of this application and all
equivalents of those claims as issued.

It is further understood that the use of relational terms such as first and
second, top and bottom, and the like, if any, are used solely to distinguish one
from another entity, item, or action without necessarily requiring or implying
any actual such relationship or order between such entities, items or actions.
Much of the inventive functionality and many of the inventive principles are
best implemented with or in software programs or instructions. It is expected
that one of ordinary skill, notwithstanding possibly significant effort and
many design choices motivated by, for example, available time, current
technology, and economic considerations, when guided by the concepts and
principles disclosed herein will be readily capable of generating such software
instructions and programs with rninirnal experimentation. Therefore, further
discussion of such software, if any, will be limited in the interest of brevity
and minimization of any risk of obscuring the principles and concepts
according to the present invention.

We claim:
1. An emergency call placement method for user equipment in idle mode camped on a
first cell of a wireless communication network having a first radio access technology
comprising the steps of:
requesting a radio resource control connection using an establishment request;
changing to a new cell in a different location area than the first cell without
performing a location area update and without performing a routing area update, in the
event of the establishment request being "emergency call", and requesting again a radio
resource control connection using "emergency call" as an establishment request; and
changing to a new cell in a different location area than the first cell and performing a
location area update or a routing area update, in the event of the establish request being
"originating conversation call", and requesting again a radio resource control connection
using "registration" as an establishment request.
2. A method as claimed in claim 1, which involves the steps of:
receiving a radio resource control connection setup message, after the step of
requesting again a radio resource control connection using "emergency call" as an
establishment request;
completing a radio resource control connection setup, after the step of receiving; and
sending a connection management service request using "emergency call
establishment" as a service type.
3. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the new cell is in a different location area
than the first cell.
4. A method as claimed in claim 3, wherein the new cell is in a different routing area
than the first cell.
5. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the new cell is in a different routing area
than the first cell.

6. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the step of changing to a new cell in a
different location area than the first cell without performing a location area update and
without performing a routing area update comprises redirecting to a new cell.
7. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the step of changing to a new cell in a
different location area than the first cell without performing a location area update and
without performing a routing area update comprises reselecting to a new cell.
8. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the new cell has a same carrier frequency
as the first cell.
9. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the new cell has a different carrier
frequency than the first cell.
10. A method as claimed in claim 1, wherein the new cell has a second radio access
technology.
11. A method as claimed in claim 10, wherein the first radio access technology is
wideband code division multiplex access (WCDMA).
12. A method as claimed in claim 10, wherein the second radio access technology is
Global System for Mobile Communication (GSM).
13. A method for user equipment (UE) in idle mode camped on an old cell to place a call
with a wireless communication network comprising the steps of:
(a) requesting a radio resource control connection using an establishment cause;
(b1) redirecting to a new cell in a different location area than the old cell and returning to
step (a) without performing a location area update, in the event of the establishment request
being "emergency call" and in the event of a radio resource control connection reject
message having been received from the wireless communication network with redirection to
a new frequency;

(b2) redirecting to a new cell in a different location area than the old cell and performing
a location area update, in the event of the establishment request being "originating
conversation call" and in the event of a radio resource control connection reject
message having been received from the wireless communication network with
redirection to a new frequency;
(c1) redirecting to a new cell in a different location area than the old cell and returning to
step (a) without performing a location area update, in the event of the establishment
request being "emergency call" and in the event of a radio resource control
connection reject message having been received from the wireless communication
network with redirection to a new radio access technology;
(c2) redirecting to a new cell in a different location area than the old cell and performing
a location area update in the event of the establishment request being "originating
conversation call" and in the event of a radio resource control connection reject
message having been received from the wireless communication network with
redirection to a new radio access technology;
(d1) reselecting to a new cell in a different steering area than the old cell and returning to
step (a) without performing a location area update, in the event of the establishment
request being "emergency call" and in the event of a neighboring cell providing
better service;
(d2) reselecting to a new cell in a different location area than the old cell and performing
a location area update, in the event of the establishment request being "originating
conversation call" and in the event of a neighboring cell providing better service;
(e) completing a radio resource control connection setup, in the event of a radio
resource control connection setup message having been received from the wireless
communication network;
(f1) sending a connection management service request using "emergency call
establishment" as a service type, in the event of the establishment cause being
"emergency call"; and
(f2) sending a connection management service request using "mobile originating call
establishment" as a service type, in the event of the establishment cause being
"originating conversation call".
14. A method for user equipment (UE) in idle mode camped on an old cell to place a call
with a wireless communication network comprising the steps of:
(a) requesting a radio resource control connection using an establishment cause; and
(b1) changing to a new cell in a different location area than the old cell and returning to
step (a) without performing a location area update, in the event of the establishment
cause being "emergency call";
(b2) changing to a new cell in a different location area than the old cell and performing a
location area update, in the event of the establishment cause being "originating
conversation call";
(c) completing a radio resource control connection setup, in the event of a radio
resource control connection setup message having been received from the wireless
communication network;
(d1) sending a connection management service request using "emergency call
establishment" as a service type, in the event of the establishment cause being
"emergency call"; and
(d2) sending a connection management service request using "mobile originating call
establishment" as a service type, in the event of the establishment cause being
"originating conversation call".

Documents:

992-KOLNP-2005-(10-04-2012)-ASSIGNMENT.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-(10-04-2012)-CORRESPONDENCE.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-(10-04-2012)-FORM-16.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-(10-04-2012)-PA-CERTIFIED COPIES.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-(28-09-2012)-CORRESPONDENCE.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-ABSTRACT-1.1.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-abstract.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-AMENDED CLAIMS.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-assignment.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-assignment1.1.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-CANCELLED PAGES.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-claims.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-CORRESPONDENCE 1.3.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-CORRESPONDENCE-1.1.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-CORRESPONDENCE-1.2.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-CORRESPONDENCE-1.4.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-correspondence.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-correspondence1.5.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-DESCRIPTION (COMPLETE).pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-DRAWINGS-1.1.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-drawings.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-examination report.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-FORM 1-1.1.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-form 1.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-form 18.1.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-form 18.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-FORM 2.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-FORM 3-1.1.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-form 3.2.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-form 3.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-form 5.1.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-form 5.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-FORM-27.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-granted-abstract.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-granted-claims.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-granted-description (complete).pdf

992-kolnp-2005-granted-drawings.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-granted-form 1.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-granted-form 2.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-granted-specification.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-OTHERS.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-others1.1.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-pa.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-pa1.1.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-PETITION UNDER RULE 137.pdf

992-KOLNP-2005-REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-reply to examination report1.1.pdf

992-kolnp-2005-specification.pdf


Patent Number 247777
Indian Patent Application Number 992/KOLNP/2005
PG Journal Number 20/2011
Publication Date 20-May-2011
Grant Date 18-May-2011
Date of Filing 26-May-2005
Name of Patentee MOTOROLA, INC.
Applicant Address 1303 EAST ALGONQUIN ROAD, SCHAUMBURG, ILLINOIS
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 M R, SRIKRISHNA NO. 15, 12TH CROSS, 3RD MAIN, WILSON GARDENS, BANGALORE, KARNATAKA 560031
2 DORSEY, DONALD, A 911 SPARTA COURT, VERNON HILLS, ILLINOIS 60061
3 RAGHURAM, SHARADA 2921 BAYBERRY DRIVE, BUFFALO GROVE, ILLINOIS 60089
PCT International Classification Number G08B
PCT International Application Number PCT/US2004/032182
PCT International Filing date 2004-10-01
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 10/693,247 2003-10-24 U.S.A.