Title of Invention

FLAT DUAL SECURITY FEATURE

Abstract The invention relates to a flat dual security mark comprising two different security elements, one of which can be checked in the visible spectral region and the other in the ultraviolet spectral region of the light. Said security mark comprises plate-type effect pigments and luminescent pigments in such a low concentration that the latter can be recognised as individual particles with the naked eye under the action of UV light. The invention also relates to a method for producing said security mark and to the use of the same.
Full Text WO 2004/101890 PCT/EP2004/004612
Dual security feature
The invention relates to a flat dual security feature which comprises two
different security components, one of which can be verified in the visible
spectral region and one of which can be verified in the ultraviolet spectral
region of light. The present invention furthermore relates to a process for
the production of a security feature of this type and to the use thereof in
documents of value.
Documents of value, such as banknotes, cheques, credit cards, shares,
passports, identity documents, driving licences, entry tickets, fee stamps
and the like, have for many years been provided with a wide variety of
security features in order to make counterfeiting of these products more
difficult or in the ideal case to make it completely impossible.
Since cases of extensive product piracy have been increasing in recent
years, this also applies to an increasing extent to other elements of product
protection, such as, for example, labels, packaging materials, seals, etc.
The security features used here are divided into various classes. Thus, the
so-called human features are security features which can be perceived as
security features visually or via the sense of touch by the untrained obser-
ver without the use of aids and under general light conditions, such as
natural or artificial daylight, with average visual acuity. These security fea-
tures are also known as first level feature.
So-called second level features, by contrast, are security features which
can easily be determined using simple, widespread aids, such as, for
example, UV lamps, UV diodes or optical magnifiers.
Although special instruments which enable particularly trained experts to
investigate and thus check the authenticity of documents of value of all

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types have been developed in the meantime, the first-mentioned first and
second level features are the features which are intended to enable the so-
called "man on the street" or also the checkout operator in the supermarket
to check the authenticity of, in particular, circulating banknotes rapidly and
inexpensively and to lead to adequate security in usual business dealings.
For this reason, these features are employed particularly frequently.
It is evident that the counterfeiting of documents of value having security
features is made more difficult by increasing the number of security fea-
tures and using security features from different classes. Experience shows
that security is not just doubled by a second security feature, but instead
that the increase in security can be much greater since potential counter-
feiters are forced to experiment with different combination possibilities. For
this reason, a plurality of security features of different types are preferably
combined with one another in a document of value. These are generally
present alongside one another, so that a plurality of mutually independent
security features, whose type and position must be known by the examin-
ing person in order to be able to find the features present with or without
aids, are located on the document of value.
This is a time-consuming process if, for example in the case of banknotes,
security features are located on both sides of the banknote. In addition, the
application of a plurality of security features of different types also results in
a significant increase in production costs, in particular in the case of
documents of value which, like banknotes, are in circulation in large quan-
tities. In addition, the effects of various security features may be reduced or
misrepresented by colour or metallic overprints in the case of combination
of features, which may cause uncertainty in the assessment of the authen-
ticity of the security features.
It is known to use as human features, for example, coloured prints in vari-
ous forms whose colouring changes at varying viewing angles. This vari-
able colour can relate to light/dark effects, metallic effects, iridescent

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effects, "holographic" effects or a visible change in colour when viewing the
feature inside or outside the specular angle. In order to achieve these
effects, it is known, inter alia, to use effect pigments of all types, for exam-
ple transparent or opaque, pearlescent or optically variable pigments, in
these features. For the production of the security features, these pigments
are often used in printing inks by means of which the security feature is
printed on. However, the pigments can also be incorporated into plastic
materials and then preferably applied in strip form in or on the document of
value.
Thus, for example, US 5,171,363 and US 5,279,657 disclose optically vari-
able printing inks which comprise optically variable flake-form pigments
which have a multilayered thin-film structure and preferably consist of a
central reflector layer and dielectric interlayers and thin transparent absorp-
tion layers on both sides of the central absorption layer. These pigments
have an aspect ratio (ratio of the average diameter to the average particle
thickness) of at least 2:1 and average diameters of 2-200 um. They exhibit
precisely two different colours with varying viewing angle. This can be
ensured by the addition of absorbent pigments or dyes which are intended
to filter out undesired intermediate hues. These printing inks can be used
for the production of optically variable flat security features.
For use in second level security features, dyes which luminesce, preferably
fluoresce, in particular in the ultraviolet spectral region, are available which
have also been employed therein for a long time in the form of pigments,
soluble dyes or fibres. These can either be incorporated directly into the
base materials, such as paper or plastic films, or applied thereto in a coat-
ing.
Thus, DE 24 43 164 discloses a thermoplastic film comprising particles
therein which convert incident, invisible, electromagnetic radiation into
visible light, can be in the form of grains, rods or threads and have a grain

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size or thickness of 0.3 to 600 um and, in the case of rods or threads, a
length of 0.03 to 20 mm. These particles are uniformly distributed in the
thermoplastic film and are present in the film in a concentration of 0.03 to
10% by weight, based on the total weight.
On irradiation, the luminescent effect of the individual particles can be per-
ceived without further aids.
This is a second level feature which can only be verified under UV light. In
addition, the radiation-modifying particles are present throughout the ther-
moplastic film, which increases the production costs of documents of value
produced therefrom. An additional security feature which is evident without
any aids is not described here.
FR 2 478 695 discloses a security paper having luminescent particles
which consist of agglomerates with a size of 30 to 50 urn of luminescent
particles with a size of 3 to 5 urn and are uniformly distributed in the paper
material, so that they are separate from one another and cannot be per-
ceived with the naked eye under daylight, but can under UV light. They are
present in the paper in an amount of 0.5 to 5% by weight.
This feature has likewise not been described alongside a further feature
visible in daylight. The entire paper comprises the luminescent particles. If
this should later be provided with further security features, the effect of the
security feature located in the paper may be concealed and/or attenuated.
EP 226 367 describes a security paper which comprises, like the security
paper described above, individually recognisable particles having a size of
30 to 500 urn which are visible under certain illumination. Particles of dif-
ferent colours can be mixed with one another. The particles are present in
the paper or in a coating on the paper in a low concentration. No further
security feature which is evident under daylight without aids has been
described.

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WO 02/078964 discloses a colour coding for labelling articles which con-
sists of coloured particles which reflect and scatter in the visible spectral
region, are invisible to the naked eye and are present in such a low con-
centration that the colour coding is not perceived visually as colouring of
the article. However, it can be recognised on viewing using an optical
magnifier. Machine-readable features in the form of luminescent substan-
ces can be present simultaneously. Both the visually perceptible feature
and also the machine-readable feature are second level features which
require an aid, here in the simplest case a magnifying glass and a UV
lamp, for verification.
EP 971 008 discloses a two-component intaglio printing ink for security
printing which, besides a varnish, comprises a metallic pigment which pref-
erably has a size of less than 18 urn. This may also be replaced by a
pearlescent pigment. In addition, small amounts of a fluorescent pigment
may be added to this printing ink. The size and action of the last-mentioned
pigment is not disclosed. However, intaglio printing inks have a high vis-
cosity and leave uneven print lines behind, meaning that alignment of
metallic pigments or pearlescent pigments parallel to the printed area in the
undried ink is only possible with difficulty, and the printed surface is not
smooth. However, this is, in particular in the case of pearlescent pigments,
a vital requirement for the pigments being able to achieve their full action
through reflection and interference and thus obtaining high gloss and the
desired colour effects. A first level security element produced using an
intaglio printing ink nowadays normally no longer meets the requirements
of a security feature which can be identified unambiguously even for non-
experts, since, in particular, an optically variable colour design cannot be
achieved in good quality. Furthermore, the intaglio printing process is eco-
nomically unfavourable since approximately half of the printing ink cannot
be utilised as a consequence of the process and has to be discarded.

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There was therefore a demand for security features for documents of value
which simultaneously comprise a plurality of security classes on a defined
area unit of the document of value, can easily be verified and can be pro-
duced in good quality in a simple manner.
The object of the present invention consists in providing a security feature
for documents of value and articles to be protected which simultaneously
comprises, on a defined area unit of the document of value or article, at
least two security components, one of which can easily be recognised and
distinguished by the human eye in the visible spectral region and a second
of which can easily be recognised and distinguished by the human eye in
the ultraviolet spectral region of light, where these security components are
not mutually obstructive in their efficacy and do not reduce the latter.
A further object consists in providing a simple, inexpensive process, suit-
able for mass production, for the production of a security feature of this
type.
In addition, a further object consists in indicating the use of the above-
mentioned security feature.
The object of the invention is achieved by a flat dual security feature com-
prising at least one flake-form effect pigment and at least one pigment
having an average particle size of 1-60 urn which luminesces in the ultra-
violet spectral region, where the luminescent pigments are present in such
a low concentration that they are evident to the naked eye as individual
particles under the action of UV light.
The object of the invention is furthermore achieved by a process for the
production of a security feature in which a coating solution which comprises
at least one flake-form effect pigment and at least one pigment having an
average particle size of 1-60 um which luminesces in the ultraviolet spectral

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region in a proportion of 0.01 to 3% by weight, based on the coating
solution, and at least one suitable binder is applied, over the entire surface
or partially, to at least one surface of a document of value or of an article to
be protected, dried and optionally solidified, and where the flake-form effect
pigment is aligned essentially parallel to the coated surface of the
document of value or of the article to be protected.
The object is additionally achieved by a process for the production of a
security feature in which a polymeric layer which has two surfaces lying
essentially parallel to one another and comprises at least one flake-form
effect pigment and at least one luminescent pigment having an average
particle size of 1-60 urn in a proportion of 0.001 to 1% by weight, based on
the polymeric layer, and at least one polymer is applied or introduced over
the entire surface or partially to or into a document of value or an article to
be protected, and where the flake-form effect pigment is aligned essentially
parallel to the surfaces of the polymeric layer.
The object of the invention is additionally achieved by the use of the secu-
rity feature described above in documents of value or on articles of daily
use to be protected.
For the purposes of the invention, documents of value is taken to mean
banknotes, cheques, credit cards, shares, passports, identity documents,
driving licences, entry tickets, fee stamps, labels, packaging materials,
seals and the like.
Articles of daily use to be protected are, for example, clothing, shoes,
household articles, domestic electronic articles and the like which have the
security feature according to the invention directly on the article.
A dual security feature is taken to mean a security feature which com-
prises, on a defined area unit of a document of value or article to be pro-

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tected, two different security components from different security classes,
one of which is preferably classified as a first level feature and can be rec-
ognised and distinguished with average human visual acuity without any
aids in natural or artificial daylight having a wavelength of 380 to 780 nm,
and the second of which can preferably be classified as a second level
feature and can preferably be recognised and distinguished under the
action of ultraviolet light having a wavelength of 50 to 380 nm with average
human visual acuity without aids other than a UV light source. Vision aids
(spectacles, etc.) which are intended to compensate for individual defective
eyesight are not taken to mean aids here.
The flat dual security feature in accordance with the present invention
comprises at least one flake-form effect pigment and at least one pigment
having an average particle size of 1-60 pm which luminesces in the ultra-
violet spectral region, which is present in very low concentration.
Flake-form effect pigments are taken to mean flake-form peariescent pig-
ments, predominantly transparent or semi-transparent interference pig-
ments and metal-effect pigments. Liquid crystal pigments, so-called LCPs,
are also included here. These flake-form effect pigments are built up from
one or more layers of materials, which can be different if desired.
Peariescent pigments consist of transparent flakes of high refractive index
and exhibit a characteristic pearlescence due to multiple reflection when
aligned in parallel. Peariescent pigments of this type which additionally also
exhibit interference colours are known as interference pigments.
Although natural and classical peariescent pigments, such as TiO2 flakes,
basic lead carbonate, BiOCI pigments or nacreous pigments, are suitable in
principle, the flake-form effect pigments preferably employed for the pur-
poses of the invention are interference pigments or metai-effect pigments
which have at least one coating of a metal, metal oxide, metal oxide

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hyclrate or mixtures thereof, a metal mixed oxide, meta! suboxide, metal
oxynitride, metal fluoride, BiOCI or a polymer on an inorganic flake-form
support.
The inorganic flake-form support preferably consists of natural or synthetic
mica, kaolin or other phyllosilicates, of glass, SiO2, TiC>2, AI2O3, Fe2C>3,
polymer flakes, graphite flakes or of metal flakes, such as, for example, of
aluminium, titanium, bronze, silver, copper, gold, steel or diverse metal
alloys.
Particular preference is given to supports comprising mica, glass, SiC>2,
TiO2 and AI2O3 or mixtures thereof.
The size of these substrates is not crucial per se. The substrates generally
have a thickness of between 0.01 and 5 urn, in particular between 0.05 and
4.5 urn. The length or width dimension is usually between 1 and 250 urn,
preferably between 2 and 200 urn and in particular between 2 and 100 urn.
They generally have an aspect ratio (ratio of the average diameter to the
average particle thickness) of 2:1 to 25,000:1, and in particular of 3:1 to
2000:1.
A coating applied to the support preferably consists of metals, metal
oxides, metal mixed oxides, metal suboxides or metal fluorides and in parti-
cular of a colourless or coloured metal oxide, selected from TiO2, titanium
suboxides, titanium oxynitrides, Fe2O3, Fe3O4, SnO2, Sb2O3, SiO2, AI2O3,
ZrO2, B2O3, Cr2O3, ZnO, CuO, NiO or mixtures thereof.
Coatings of metals are preferably of aluminium, titanium, chromium, nickel,
silver, zinc, molybdenum, tantalum, tungsten, palladium, copper, gold,
platinum or alloys comprising these.
The metal fluoride employed is preferably MgF2-
The flake-form effect pigments employed are particularly preferably multi-
layered effect pigments. These have, on a flake-form support, a plurality of

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layers which preferably consist of the above-mentioned materials and have
various refractive indices in such a way that in each case at least two layers
of different refractive index are located alternately on the support, where
the refractive indices in the individual layers differ by at least 0.1 and
preferably by at least 0.3. The layers located on the support here can be
either virtually transparent or coloured or semi-transparent.
Likewise, the so-called LCPs, which consist of crosslinked, aligned, choles-
teric liquid crystals, can be employed as flake-form effect pigments. They
are known, in particular, as optically variable pigments.
The flake-form pigments described above are present individually or in a
mixture in the dual security feature in accordance with the present invention
and are preferably employed individually. However, they can also be mixed
with other known organic or inorganic absorption pigments or absorption
dyes.
The fiake-form effect pigments employed in accordance with the invention
are predominantly transparent or semi-transparent, i.e. they transmit at
least 10% of the incident light.
For the purposes of the invention, the flake-form effect pigments are pref-
erably optically variable pigments which exhibit at least two and at most
four optically clearly distinguishable discrete colours at at least two different
illumination or viewing angles, but preferably exhibit two optically clearly
distinguishable discrete colours at two different illumination or viewing
angles or three optically clearly distinguishable discrete colours at three
different illumination or viewing angles. This behaviour is also known as
colour flop. Preferably, only the discrete hues are present in each case and
no intermediate hues, i.e. a clear change from one colour to another colour
is evident on tilting the security feature comprising the optically variable
pigments. This property makes it easier for the viewer firstly to recognise

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the security feature (first level feature) as such and at the same time makes
it more difficult to copy this feature since colour flop effects cannot be
copied and reproduced in commercially available colour copiers.
If the flake-form effect pigments are introduced into a coating solution, they
are present therein in a proportion of 5-40% by weight, based on the weight
of the coating solution, and in particular in a proportion of 15 to 30% by
weight.
If, by contrast, the flake-form effect pigments are incorporated into a poly-
meric layer, they are present therein in a proportion of 0.2 to 10% by
weight, based on the weight of the polymeric layer, and in particular in a
proportion of 0.3 to 5% by weight.
In order to be able to develop their full optical effect, the flake-form effect
pigments employed in accordance with the invention must be in aligned
form in the security feature comprising them, i.e. they are aligned virtually
parallel to the surfaces of the document of value or of the article to be pro-
tected that are provided with the security feature. The way in which this is
carried out is described in greater detail below.
The flake-form effect pigments employed can be the commercially avail-
able interference pigments offered, for example, under the names Iriodin®,
Colorstream®, Xirallic®, Lustrepak®, Colorcrypt®, Colorcode® and
Securalic® from Merck KGaA, Mearlin® from Mearl, metal-effect pigments
from Eckhard and goniochromatic (optically variable) effect pigments, such
as, for example, Variochrom® from BASF, Chromafflair® from Flex Prod-
ucts Inc. or Helicone® from Wacker, and other commercially available
pigments of the same type.
The pigments which luminesce in the ultraviolet spectra! region are pig-
ments which emit a visible radiation under the action of UV light.

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These are preferably pigments which fluoresce under UV light having a
wavelength of 50 to 380 nm.
These have an average particle size of 1-60 um and preferably of 2-40 um.
It is not critical here whether these pigments consist of individual particles
or of agglomerates of individual particles so long as they exhibit an overall
particle size in the limits indicated above.
The luminescent pigments may either consist of particulate luminescent
dyes or may also be, for example, particulate resins, such as melamine
resins, impregnated with luminescent dyes.
They are in irregular shape of grains, granules, etc., or alternatively in
regular shapes, such as spheres, cuboids, cubes and the like.
The luminescent dyes may be organic or inorganic dyes. However, they
and the particles comprising them must be easily and uniformly dispersible
in printing inks, printing varnishes, coating solutions, polymers and the like
in order to ensure uniform distribution in the use medium.
Luminescent pigments of this type are known to the person skilled in the
art. These are, for example, fluorescent pigments from Honeywell Special-
ity Chemicals Seelze GmbH, which are marketed under the product names
Lumilux® Red CD 340, Lumilux® yellow CD 397, Lumilux® Green CD 302
orLumilux®BlueCD329.
Also suitable are products such as Imperial Invisible® Lemon UV-YG,
Imperial Invisible® Red UV-R, Imperial Invisible® Blue UVB-5 from Imperial
Materials Ltd. or products such as Luminescent Pigment® L-142, L-174,
L-187, L-184, or L-212 from Beaver Luminescers.

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Also suitable in principle are particular luminescent dyes, such as, for
example, the spherical vesicles described in EP 219 743, which have a
transparent wall and are filled with fluorescent dyes.
However, flake-form pigments having at least one coating located on a
flake-form support which additionally comprise fluorescent dyes in the
coating and are described in the as yet unpublished European patent
application with the file reference EP 02022552.0 have proven particularly
suitable. The coating comprising the fluorescent dye may be located here
on a support which as such represents a flake-form effect pigment, as
already described above.
If these are employed, the luminescent pigments are flake-form individual
particles which align in the use medium, i.e. can align parallel to the sur-
faces of the document of value or article to be protected that are provided
with the security feature comprising the luminescent pigment or the sur-
faces of a polymeric layer comprising the luminescent pigment.
The particle size is the crucial factor for the luminescent particles having a
sufficiently large amount of luminescent dye and thus a sufficiently large
luminance in order to be recognised as individual particles under the action
of UV light.
The luminescent pigments may be in individual form in the dual security
feature according to the invention or in a combination of two or more differ-
ently coloured pigments. Preference is given here to a mixture of at least
two differently coloured pigments.
The luminescent pigments are present in the dual security feature accord-
ing to the invention in such a low concentration that they can be recognised
with the naked eye as individual particles under the action of UV light.

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The expression "can be recognised with the naked eye" here is intended to
relate to the average visual acuity of an average person with no vision
defects or a vision defect present that can be corrected with a vision aid
(for example spectacles, contact lenses, magnifying glasses, etc.). Individ-
ual impaired vision, such as colour blindness, etc., is not included in this
expression. The above-mentioned vision aids are not regarded as aids
which are necessary for verification of a second levels features.
In order to be able to achieve such a low concentration in the security fea-
ture, a coating solution by means of which the security feature according to
the invention is applied to a document of value or an article to be protected
and which comprises both flake-form effect pigments and also luminescent
particles having an average particle size of 1-60 um must comprise the
latter in a proportion of 0.01 to 3% by weight, based on the coating solu-
tion, and in particular of 0.01 to 2% by weight. If the luminescent pigment
employed is a mixture of differently coloured pigments, this proportion by
weight in each case relates to the total amount of luminescent particles
employed.
If the security feature according to the invention is applied or introduced as
polymeric layer to or into a document of value or an article to be protected,
the luminescent particles are present, besides the flake-form effect pig-
ments, in the polymeric layer in a proportion of 0.001 to 1% by weight and
in particular of 0.01 to 0.3% by weight, based on the weight of the poly-
meric layer. Here too, this proportion relates to the total amount of lumi-
nescent particles employed if a mixture of differently coloured luminescent
particles is employed.
Furthermore, the proportion of the luminescent pigment in the coating
solution or polymeric layer from which the security feature is formed is
dependent on the type of flake-form effect pigment employed. The more
transparent the flake-form effect pigment, the lower the proportion by

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weight of the luminescent pigments can be. If, for example, the flake-form
effect pigments employed are interference pigments which comprise only
colourless transparent layers of metal oxides, for example of TiO2, SiO2,
AI2O3, ZrO2, ZnO, etc., on a colourless transparent support comprising
mica, SiO2, AI2O3 or glass, a concentration of luminescent pigments in the
lower region of the proportions by weight described above is possible. With
coloured, partially transparent layers on the flake-form support materials or
even with the use of metal-effect pigments, however, the transparency of
the effect pigments drops considerably. It may therefore be that in these
cases at least some of the luminescent pigments are covered and thus
concealed by the flake-form effect pigments in the dual security feature.
For this reason, a higher concentration of luminescent pigments is neces-
sary in the dual security feature with decreasing transparency of the effect
pigments, and is set via concentrations in the coating solution or in the
polymeric layer which are in the upper regions of the parts by weight indi-
cated above.
As already described briefly above, the dual security feature according to
the invention can be applied in at least two different, preferred manners to
the document of value or the article to be protected.
The former case is a coating process with a coating solution which com-
prises, besides a customary binder, the flake-form effect pigment described
above and a luminescent pigment having a particle size of 1-60 urn in a low
concentration.
This is preferably a printing ink which, besides the said pigments, com-
prises one or more binders which are conventional for printing inks and
optionally conventional additives, such as solvents, adhesion promoters,
drying accelerators, photoinitiators, etc.

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A preferred embodiment of the security feature according to the invention
therefore consists in a coating on a document of value or article to be pro-
tected which is produced by means of a coating solution, preferably a
printing ink. This coating may be located either over the entire surface or
partially on the document of value or article to be protected.
If the dual security feature according to the invention is the only security
feature of the document of value, it is preferably present over the entire
surface of the latter. These are preferably documents of value which have
to guarantee a lower security standard, such as, for example, packaging
materials, labels, seals, entry tickets and the like. However, application over
the entire surface also applies if further security features are located exclu-
sively on the side of the document of value opposite the coating. However,
if the documents of value are intended to have a multiplicity of different
security features on both sides, as is the case for high security standards,
partial coating with the security feature according to the invention, in
particular, comes into consideration. In this case, the security feature can
be applied in different, unrestricted forms, for example in strips, dots,
dashes, alphanumeric symbols, graphic representations, etc. This shaping
is limited merely by the application method and the recognisability of the
two security components in the security feature. A sufficiently large area
should therefore suitably be coated with the dual security feature according
to the invention in order that both security components can be clearly and
unambiguously recognised and assessed by the viewer.
If articles of daily necessity to be protected, such as clothing, shoes, house-
hold articles or the like, are coated with the security feature according to
the invention, partial coating is likewise appropriate for practical reasons.
The shape and size of this coating is not limited in any way and can advan-
tageously be incorporated into the visual design of the articles of use.

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The coating solution is preferably of such low viscosity that the flake-form
effect pigments located therein are able to align essentially parallel to the
coated surface of the document of value or article in the still-moist coating
solution after application of the coating solution to the document of value to
be printed or article to be protected. The expression "essentially parallel"
here means that the flake-form effect pigments are in their predominant
majority in the coating solution at an angle of between 0 and 30 degrees to
the surface of the coated document of value or article to be protected. This
alignment is retained after drying of the coating solution. Only individual
flake-form effect pigments have a position in which a tilt to the coated sur-
face at an angle of greater than 30 degrees is observed.
If the luminescent pigments, as described above, also consist of flake-form
pigments with a coating comprising a fluorescent dye, these luminescent
pigments are also able to align essentially parallel to the printed surface of
the document of value or of the article to be protected in the still-moist
coating solution.
Since these pigments, owing to their shape, are otherwise very similar in
their dispersion and settling behaviour to the flake-form effect pigments
employed, the risk of separation of the two components does not exist
either in the fresh coating solution or in the coating produced therewith, and
particularly good and uniform dispersibility of all particulate components is
ensured. This results in dual security features in accordance with the
present invention which shows off the security components in particularly
good quality alongside one another both in the visible spectral region and in
the ultraviolet spectral region, without mutual interference or reduction in
quality taking place.
However, it has been found, surprisingly, that even on use of luminescent
pigments having the grainy, granular, spherical or cubic, etc., shape des-
cribed above, they can readily be dispersed in a fine distribution on simul-

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taneous use of flake-form effect pigments in a coating solution and have no
noteworthy settling behaviour, so that separation of the particulate compo-
nents cannot be observed. It is not known why separation of this type,
which would have been expected at the relatively low viscosity set for the
coating solutions, is not observed. However, it is advantageous that stable
coating solutions which can be employed in all modern printing and coating
methods and result in dual security features which exhibit both a first level
feature and also a second level feature of good quality and without mutual
impairment are obtainable even with luminescent pigments shaped in this
way in the simultaneous presence of flake-form effect pigments.
The viscosity of the coating solution must be set here so that it is optimally
matched to the coating method to be used and the material to be coated. In
particular, the coating solution employed for the production of the dual
security feature according to the invention should be usable in printing
processes, such as offset printing, offset coating, flexographic printing
processes, screen printing processes, halftone photogravure printing proc-
esses or the overprint varnish process and should be suitable for the
printing of materials such as papers of all conventional types, of textile
materials, of polymeric materials, in particular polymeric layer materials and
films, and of metals. Since coating processes, such as, for example, knife
coating, brushing, stamping, pouring processes, flow processes, roll or
matrix application processes or application by means of an air brush, are
also employed, in particular, for the coating of articles made from paper or
textile materials, the viscosity of the coating solution can also be set in such
a way that it is suitable for coating processes of this type.
Furthermore, the security feature according to the invention can be applied
to or introduced into the document of value or the article to be protected in
the form of a polymeric layer.

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A further preferred embodiment of the invention is therefore a polymeric
layer which represents the security feature according to the invention and is
located on or in a document of value or article to be protected. This poly-
meric layer is either present over the entire surface or partially on the
document of value or article to be protected.
This can be, for example, a film laminated or adhesively bonded to a
document of value over the entire surface or, for example, a film coextru-
ded with other polymer films (with or without security features). Rigid sheets
of polymeric materials which comprise both flake-form effect pigments and
also luminescent pigments and are bonded in a conventional manner, for
example by adhesive bonding, to other layer materials, optionally carrying
information, are also suitable. These films or sheets can be located either
on the surface of the document of value or in an interlayer which is sur-
rounded on both sides by other polymer layers. However, they can also
form per se the basis of a document of value. In this case, the thickness of
the polymer layers, the polymeric material, the flexibility and the type of
bonding of these layers to other layers of the document of value is not
restrictive so long as the two security components of the security feature
according to the invention can advantageously be recognised and
assessed unambiguously in the visible wavelength region and also in thfe
ultraviolet wavelength region.
The polymeric layer can likewise be applied partially to or introduced par-
tially into a document of value. Here, as in the case of coating, any con-
ceivable shape is suitable so long as the two security components of the
security feature can still be recognised and assessed unambiguously by
the viewer. All shapes already mentioned for the coating process come linto
consideration. Preference is given here to the application or introduction of
a strip-shaped polymeric layer to or into a document of value.

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If the polymeric layer is applied to an article to be protected, it is for practi-
cal and aesthetic reasons preferably likewise present partially on the sur-
face thereof.
The type of partial application or introduction into the document of value or
the article to be protected should not be regarded as restrictive. For exam-
ple, adhesive bonding, lamination or other common types of bonding to
other materials which are conventional for polymeric layer materials may be
mentioned here.
The other layer materials preferably consist of papers of various types or
polymeric materials, but can also be textile materials or metals, etc.
If the security feature according to the invention consists of a polymeric
layer, the security feature in the form of the polymeric layer has two sur-
faces lying essentially parallel to one another and comprises in the poly-
meric layer at least one flake-form effect pigment and at least one lumines-
cent pigment as well as at least one polymer.
Polymers which can be employed here are all thermoplastics which exhibit
an inert behaviour towards the luminescent pigments and the flake-form
effect pigments. This applies, for example, to polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride
and copolymers and graft polymers thereof, polyvinylidene chloride and
fluoride, polyamides, polyolefins, polyacrylates and polyvinyl esters,
thermoplastic polyurethanes, cellulose esters and the like. They can be
employed individually or in a mixture.
In addition, the polymeric layer may additionally comprise conventional
assistants and additives, such as fillers, UV stabilisers, inhibitors, flame-
proofing agents, lubricants, plasticisers, solvents, dispersants and additi-
onal dyes or coloured pigments.

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The polymeric layers are preferably produced by various suitable proc-
esses, such as extrusion processes, calendering or pressing processes,
but in particular by extrusion processes or via a film blowing process. To
this end, the various starting materials are mixed with one another and
converted into polymer layers in the form of films of various thickness or
thin sheets in suitable, generally known plants. The flake-form effect pig-
ments present in the polymer composition or, if present, the likewise flake-
form fluorescent pigments described above are aligned at the surfaces of
the moulds and are therefore aligned essentially parallel to the surfaces of
the polymeric layer in the polymeric layers formed. Stretching and drawing
operations during film blowing or as working step following extrusion addi-
tionally increase this alignment of the pigments. This alignment is fixed on
subsequent cooling.
The expression "essentially parallel" can likewise be defined here as
described above for the alignment of the pigments in the coating solution.
A separation or settling behaviour of the pigment mixture employed is not
observed in the polymeric layers.
The dual security feature according to the invention can be produced as
follows with respect to the various embodiments of the security feature
described above:
In a first process, the security feature in accordance with the present inven-
tion can be produced by applying a coating solution which comprises at
least one flake-form effect pigment and at least one pigment having an
average particle size of 1-60 urn which luminesces in the ultraviolet spectral
region in a proportion of 0.01 to 3% by weight, based on the coating
solution, and at least one suitable binder over the entire surface or partially
to at least one surface of a document of value or of an article to be pro-
tected, drying and optionally solidifying the solution, where the flake-form

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effect pigment is aligned essentially parallel to the coated surface of the
document of value or of the article to be protected.
The proportion of flake-form effect pigments in the coating solution here is
5-40 and preferably 15-30% by weight, based on the weight of the coating
solution.
A preferred proportion of luminescent pigment in the coating solution is in a
proportion by weight of 0.01 to 2% by weight, based on the coating solu-
tion, where both the above-mentioned proportion and also the proportion
preferably employed mentioned here is based on the total amount of lumi-
nescent pigments if a mixture of two or more differently coloured pigments
of this type is employed.
The binders employed can be all binders conventional for coating solutions,
for example natural products, such as digested caseine or starch, as well
as synthetic binders, such as polymer dispersions based on acrylates,
styrene, butadiene, and (co)polymers based on, for example, ethylene,
(meth)acrylates, vinyl chloride, vinylidene chloride or vinyl acetate, as well
as polyamides, polyesters, polyurethanes, mixtures thereof or also reactive
nematic and cholesteric liquid crystals. These can be compounded by the
addition of resins, plasticisers, fillers or pigments and the like.
This selection can be extended at any time by the person skilled in the art
through further common binders.
Furthermore, further conventional additives, such as solvents, adhesion
promoters, drying accelerators, photoinitiators, etc., can optionally be
added to the mixture for the preparation of the coating solution.
The coating solution is preferably a printing ink.

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It is possible to prepare water-containing, solvent-containing and also UV
light-curing printing inks, which form the security feature according to the
invention in the form of a print on a document of value or article to be pro-
tected.
The coating solution is applied over the entire surface or partially to a docu-
ment of value or an article to be protected via a coating process, preferably
a printing process.
These are preferably known printing processes, such as offset printing, off-
set coating, flexographic printing processes, screen printing processes,
halftone photogravure printing processes or the overprint varnish process.
However, it is also possible to employ other coating processes, such as, for
example, knife coating, brushing, stamping, pouring processes, flow proc-
esses, roll or matrix application processes or application by means of an air
brush.
The coated materials are, for example, papers of all conventional types,
textile materials and polymeric materials, in particular polymeric layer
materials and films, or metals.
Regarding full-area and partial coating, reference is made here to the pos-
sibilities already described above for the coated security feature according
to the invention.
The drying and optional solidification of the applied coating can be carried
out or accelerated by means of known assistants, such as, for example,
under the influence of pressure, temperature, steam, UV initiators or by
means of electron beam curing. The applied coating dries here, and cross-
linking or curing processes take place where appropriate. These can like-

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wise have an optimising effect on the target alignment of the flake-form
particles in the dried coating.
A further possibility for the production of the security feature according to
the invention consists in a process in which a polymeric layer which has
two surfaces lying essentially parallel to one another and comprises at least
one flake-form effect pigment and at least one luminescent pigment having
an average particle size of 1-60 urn in a proportion of 0.001 to 1% by
weight, based on the polymeric layer, and at least one polymer is applied or
introduced over the entire surface or partially to or into a document of value
or an article to be protected, where the flake-form effect pigment is aligned
essentially parallel to the surfaces of the polymeric layer.
The polymeric layer is produced, as already described above, by mixing the
flake-form effect pigment and the luminescent pigment with at least one
polymer, which can be, for example, a polystyrene, polyvinyl chloride and a
copolymer and graft polymer thereof, a polyvinylidene chloride or fluoride, a
polyamide, polyolefin, polyacrylate or polyvinyl ester, a polyurethane and a
cellulose ester, etc., or a mixture thereof. It is furthermore possible to add
assistants and additives which are conventional in plastics processing,
such as fillers, UV stabilisers, inhibitors, flameproofing agents, lubricants,
plasticisers, solvents, dispersants and additional dyes or coloured pigments
or the like. These polymers and additives are generally known to the
person skilled in the art and can be determined in a simple manner for the
specific application.
This mixture is converted into polymer layers of various thickness and
flexibility, i.e. into films or thin sheets, in suitable, generally known plants
which are suitable for the production of layer-shaped polymer materials by
extrusion, calendering, by pressing or film blowing processes.
As a consequence of the process, alignment of the flake-form pigments
takes place in the polymer composition here, which is essentially parallel to

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the resultant surfaces of the polymer layers. This alignment of the pigments
can be further reinforced by stretching and drawing operations carried out
subsequently or during the layer production and is fixed during the cooling
operation.
The polymeric layer obtained in this way can be produced and bonded at
the same time as other polymer films, which may have further security
features, which is advantageously carried out via a coextrusion process.
However, it can also be bonded in a known manner to various other layer
materials, such as papers of various types, textile materials or also other
plastic layers, by means of known lamination, adhesive bonding, pressing
or embossing processes and the like.
It is unimportant here whether the polymeric layer forming the security
feature according to the invention is located on the surface of the overall
composite or forms an interlayer, so long as the overlying layers, preferably
at least on one part-surface, are so transparent that the two security com-
ponents can be recognised and assessed unambiguously on the side of
the polymeric layer that is visible from the outside in the visible wavelength
region and in the ultraviolet wavelength region. In the case of application
over the entire surface, the polymeric layer which comprises the flake-form
effect pigment and the luminescent pigment is, however, preferably located
on the surface of a document of value or article to be protected produced
therewith or is merely covered by a preferably transparent further polymer
layer without additional security features. However, it is likewise possible
for the polymeric layer comprising the flake-form effect pigment and the
luminescent pigment to form per se a substrate or a base layer for the
production of a document of value, which can optionally also be provided
with further security features. This variant comes into consideration, in
particular, for banknotes.
The application or introduction of the polymeric layer which forms the secu-
rity feature according to the invention to or into a document of value, which

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may comprise the various layer materials indicated above or is formed by
their totality, may also be carried out partially.
To this end, the polymeric layer is comminuted to give suitably sized pieces
of various suitable shapes and either incorporated into a document of value
consisting of a layer composite by means of the processes described
above or alternatively applied to the outer layer of a document of value by
adhesive bonding, embossing, pressing or other suitable processes. The
shape and size employed here for the comminuted polymer layer is not
limited in any way and should advantageously be designed in such a way
that the two security components of the security feature according to the
invention can still be recognised and assessed unambiguously.
In particular, partial application to an article to be protected is also prefera-
bly employed if this article is products of use, such as clothing, shoes,
household articles, domestic electronic articles or other articles of daily use
which have the security feature according to the invention directly on their
surface.
The dual security feature according to the invention can be used for protec-
ting documents of value of all types, such as banknotes, cheques, credit
cards, shares, passports, identity documents, driving licences, entry tickets,
fee stamps, labels, packaging materials, seals and the like.
However, the security feature according to the invention is likewise also
suitable for protecting general articles of use, such as clothing, shoes,
household articles, domestic electronic articles, etc.
The security feature in accordance with the present invention can be
located on the documents of value or articles to be protected described
above as the only security feature or alternatively in combination with one
or more identical or different security features, optionally from different

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security classes, but it can also be employed per se as polymeric layer as
document of value itself.
The dual security feature according to the invention has on a limited area of
a document of value or article to be protected, at the same time and along-
side one another, at least two security components, at least one of which
can be verified in the visible wavelength region and at least a second of
which can be verified in the ultraviolet wavelengthregion. The two security
components do not mutually interfere with or impair one another.
The security component in the visible wavelength region comprises, depen-
ding on the flake-form effect pigment employed, various effects which can
be recognised by the naked eye in natural or artificial daylight without aids.
For example, on use of metal-effect pigments, a metallic lustre is observed
in addition to a "metallic"-effect colour, such as gold, silver or bronze, which
can be increased or attenuated on viewing at various angles in relation to
the incident light.
Pearlescent or interference pigments exhibit shimmering effects and have
a colour which varies with the viewing angle and includes soft or more
intense hues.
The optically variable pigments preferably employed exhibit intense colours
which can be clearly distinguished from one another on changing the view-
ing and illumination angle. These can be the known interference and
complementary colours which, in combination with a printed or unprinted,
coloured or colourless substrate, facilitate a virtually unlimited variety of
optical effects. In general, these are two to four different colours produced
by the optically variable pigments. However, preference is given to the use
of optically variable pigments which exhibit two or three different colours.

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The colour change described above may likewise be associated with bright-
ness and/or lustre changes.
The use of various flake-form effect pigments enables a plurality of the
effects indicated above to be combined with one another. Likewise, mixing
of the flake-form effect pigments with absorbent organic or inorganic dyes
and/or coloured pigments enables the effects described above to be
changed optically.
All these changes can be recognised by the examining person by simply
tilting the security feature at various angles against a light source.
Furthermore, the security feature according to the invention has a security
component which can be recognised by the viewer without further aids
under the action of UV light.
Luminescent pigments, which have sufficient size and luminance, are pre-
sent in the security feature according to the invention in such a low con-
centration that the individual particles can be perceived as such by the
viewer under UV light, i.e. the viewer sees individual luminous dots which
have a defined colour, uniformly distributed over a certain area unit.
It is particularly advantageous for two or more differently coloured lumines-
cent pigments to be employed. These do not give rise to a mixed colour,
but instead, owing to their low concentration, are visible as individual parti-
cles of different colour in the dual security feature according to the inven-
tion.
The manufacturer of the dual security feature according to the invention
has in this way a wide range of individual coding possibilities which relate
both to the use of various flake-form effect pigments, individually or in a
mixture, and to the use of differently coloured luminescent pigments. This
results in high security of the document of value or article to be protected

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providecl therewith and makes counterfeiting of the dual security feature
considerably more difficult.
The dual security feature according to the invention can of course be com-
bined with any further security feature. Thus, a document of value or an
article to be protected can, for example, also be provided with other irides-
cent, optically variable, metallic, coloured, "holographic", raised (tactile) or
other security features; however, it is also possible for two or more dual
security features having identical or different effects both in the visible and
in the UV region to be present alongside one another.
The spatial arrangement of these different or identical security features on
the document of value or the article to be protected is unrestricted.
For example, two different types of security feature are preferably in the
immediate vicinity of one another, at least one of which is the dual security
feature according to the invention. The latter can, for example, be arranged
on one or both sides of a metal or "holographic" strip or can form the centre
or edge of a coloured, iridescent, metallic, "holographic", optically variable
security feature having a certain shape which is visible under UV light, or of
a security feature of different design.
These design shapes are only mentioned here by way of example and can
easily be found by the person skilled in the art.
A further advantage of the security feature according to the invention con-
sists in that the two security components can also be machine read and
verified by suitable detection methods. Thus, for example, corresponding
detectors can be built into banknote sorting machines and establish the
authenticity of the banknote to be checked with reference to the dual secu-
rity feature in accordance with the present invention in a single work opera-
tion.
In addition, small mobile units for the investigation of documents of value
are known which can be adapted for machine checking of the dual security

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feature, also enabling decentralised on-site checks to be carried out on
various articles to be protected.
Although the security class of the article or document of value to be pro-
tected increases with the number and variety of combined security fea-
tures, the security feature according to the invention, even when used
alone, effects high counterfeiting security of the product provided therewith,
since it has two security components from different security classes on a
limited area, which enables any person having average visual acuity to
verify both in the visible wavelength region and also in the ultraviolet wave-
length region using simple means and in a simple manner and without
special knowledge. At the same time, counterfeiting of a single security
feature alone is made considerably more difficult for a potential counter-
feiter since composition and mode of action of this security feature can
neither be analysed easily nor counterfeited easily. For example, neither of
the two security components can be copied using conventional colour
copiers.
The following examples are intended to explain the present invention, but
without restricting it:
Example 1:
20 g of an interference pigment from Merck KGaA (Colorcrypt® D Red-
Gold, mica pigment with SiC>2 and TO2 coating) are dispersed in 79.5 g of
screen printing binder from Coates (CP50). 0.50% by weight of Lumilux®
Green CD 302 are subsequently added to the suspension and likewise
dispersed. The viscosity is adjusted by addition of a diluent from Coates
(CPV), and the suspension is printed onto paper through a screen (77T).
After the printing ink has dried, the resultant print image is viewed in day-
light. A readily visible red coloration is apparent at the specular angle at an
acute angle and an intense gold hue is visible at the specular angle at a flat
angle, and a green hue is evident outside the specular angle, preferably on

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pale paper, which changes to a pale-green to blue-green hue when viewed
in transmitted light. Under UV light, individual green fluorescent particles
are readily evident on the printed area.
Example 2:
20 g of an interference pigment from Merck KGaA (Colorcrypt® D Red-
Gold, mica pigment with SiC>2 and T1O2 coating) are dispersed in 79.5 g of
screen printing binder from Coates (CP50). 0.25% by weight of Lumilux®
Green CD 302 and 0.25% by weight of Lumilux® Red CD 340 are subse-
quently added to the suspension and likewise dispersed. The viscosity is
adjusted by addition of a diluent from Coates (CPV), and the suspension is
printed onto paper through a screen (77T). After the printing ink has dried,
the resultant print image is viewed in daylight. A readily visible red colora-
tion is apparent at the specular angle at an acute angle and an intense gold
hue is visible at the specular angle at a flat angle, and a green hue is evi-
dent outside the specular angle, preferably on pale paper, which changes
to a pale-green to blue-green hue when viewed in transmitted light. Under
UV light, individual green and individual red fluorescent particles are readily
evident on the printed area.

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Patent Claims
1. Flat dual security feature comprising at least one flake-form effect pig-
ment and at least one pigment having an average particle size of
1-60 urn which luminesces in the ultraviolet spectral region, where the
luminescent pigments are present in such a low concentration that
they are evident to the naked eye as individual particles under the
action of UV light.
2. Security feature according to Claim 1, where the luminescent pigment
is a fluorescent pigment.
3. Security feature according to Claims 1 and 2, where the luminescent
pigment has a particle size of 2-40 urn.
4. Security feature according to Claim 1 to 3, comprising at least two dif-
ferently coloured luminescent pigments.
5. Security feature according to Claims 1 to 4, where the flake-form
effect pigment is a pearlescent pigment, a predominantly transparent
or semi-transparent interference pigment, a metal-effect pigment or a
liquid crystal pigment.
6. Security feature according to Claims 1 to 5, where the flake-form
effect pigment comprises an inorganic flake-form support with at least
one coating of a metal, metal oxide, metal oxide hydrate or mixtures
thereof, a metal mixed oxide, suboxide, oxynitride, metal fluoride,
BiOCI or a polymer.
7. Security feature according to Claim 6, where the inorganic flake-form
support consists of natural or synthetic mica, talc, kaolin, glass flakes,

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SiO2 flakes, TiO2 flakes, AI2O3 flakes, Fe2O3 flakes or mixtures there-
of, polymer flakes or graphite flakes or of metal flakes.
8. Security feature according to Claims 1 to 7, where the flake-form
effect pigment is a multilayered interference pigment.
9. Security feature according to Claims 1 to 8, where the flake-form
effect pigment comprises a support made from mica, glass, SiO2,
TiO2 or Al2O3 or mixtures thereof and at least one layer, located
thereon, of a colourless or coloured metal oxide selected from TiO2,
titanium suboxides, titanium oxynitrides, Fe2O3, Fe3C>4, SnC>2, Sb2O3,
SiO2, AI2O3, ZrO2, B2O3, Cr2O3, ZnO, CuO, NiO or mixtures thereof.
10. Security feature according to one or more of Claims 1 to 9, where the
flake-form effect pigment is an optically variable pigment.
11. Security feature according to one or more of Claims 1 to 10, compris-
ing, as luminescent pigment, a flake-form pigment which comprises
an inorganic flake-form support and at least one layer which com-
prises a fluorescent dye.
12. Security feature according to Claim 11, where the luminescent pig-
ment consists of a flake-form effect pigment having at least one addi-
tional layer which comprises a fluorescent dye.
13. Security feature according to one or more of Claims 1 to 12, which is
applied over the entire surface or partially to a document of value or
an article to be protected.
14. Security feature according to one or more of Claims 1 to 13, which is
present over the entire surface or partially on or in a document of
value or an article to be protected in the form of a polymeric layer.

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15. Security feature according to one or more of Claims 1 to 12 which
additionally comprises at least one polymer and is a base material for
a document of value.
16. Security feature according to one or more of Claims 1 to 15, which is
additionally machine-readable.
17. Process for the production of a security feature according to one or
more of Claims 1 to 13 and 16, in which a coating solution comprising
at least one flake-form effect pigment and at least one pigment having
an average particle size of 1-60 urn which luminesces in the ultraviolet
spectral region in a proportion of 0.01 to 3% by weight, based on the
coating solution, and at least one suitable binder is applied, over the
entire surface or partially, to at least one surface of a document of
value or of an article to be protected, dried and optionally solidified,
and where the flake-form effect pigment is aligned essentially parallel
to the coated surface of the document of value or of the article to be
protected.
18. Process according to Claim 17, where the flake-form effect pigment is
present in the coating solution in a proportion of 5-40% by weight,
based on the coating solution.
19. Process according to Claim 18, where the flake-form effect pigment is
present in the coating solution in a proportion of 15-30% by weight,
based on the coating solution.
20. Process according to Claims 17 to 19, where the coating solution is a
printing ink.

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21. Process according to Claims 17 to 20, where the coating solution is a
printing ink for offset printing, offset coating, flexographic printing,
screen printing, halftone photogravure printing or a printing ink for the
overprint varnish process.
22. Process according to Claims 17 to 21, where the luminescent pigment
has a particle size of 2-40 um.
23. Process according to one or more of Claims 17 to 22, where the pro-
portion of the luminescent pigment is 0.01 to 2% by weight, based on
the coating solution.
24. Process according to one or more of Claims 17 to 23, where at least
two differently coloured luminescent pigments are employed.
25. Process for the production of a security feature according to one or
more of Claims 1 to 16, in which a polymeric layer which has two sur-
faces lying essentially parallel to one another and comprises at least
one flake-form effect pigment and at least one luminescent pigment
having an average particle size of 1-60 um in a proportion of 0.001 to
1 % by weight, based on the polymeric layer, and at least one polymer
is applied or introduced over the entire surface or partially to or into a
document of value or an article to be protected, and where the flake-
form effect pigment is aligned essentially parallel to the surfaces of
the polymeric layer.
26. Process according to Claim 25, where the flake-form effect pigment is
present in the polymeric layer in a proportion of 0.2 to 10% by weight,
based on the polymeric layer.
27. Process according to Claims 25 arid 26, where the luminescent pig-
ment has a particle size of 2-40 um.

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28. Process according to one or more of Claims 25 to 27, where the pro-
portion of the luminescent pigment is 0.01 to 0.3% by weight, based
on the polymeric layer.
29. Process according to one or more of Claims 25 to 28, where at least
two differently coloured luminescent pigments are employed.
30. Process according to one or more of Claims 25 to 29, where the poly-
meric layer is in the form of a film.
31. Process according to one or more of Claims 25 to 30, where the poly-
meric layer is introduced into or applied to the document of value in
the form of strips.
32. Use of a security feature according to Claims 1 to 16 for protecting
documents of value and articles of daily use.
33. Use of a security feature according to Claim 32, where the security
feature is in the form of a coating on a document of value or an article
to be protected.
34. Use of a security feature according to Claim 33, where the coating is
applied by means of offset printing, offset coating, flexographic print-
ing, screen printing or halftone photogravure printing processes or by
the overprint varnish process.
35. Use of a security feature according to Claim 32, where the security
feature is in the form of a polymeric layer on or in a document of value
or an article to be protected.

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36. Use of a security feature according to Claim 15 as base material for a
document of value.
37. Document of value comprising a fiat security feature according to one
or more of Claims 1 to 13 or 16, where the security feature is printed
on.
38. Document of value comprising a flat security feature according to one
or more of Claims 1 to 16, where the security feature is in the form of
a polymeric layer.
39. Document of value according to Claim 37, where the security feature
has been printed on by the offset printing, offset coating, flexographic
printing, screen printing or halftone photogravure printing process or
by the overprint varnish process.


The invention relates to a flat dual security mark comprising two different security elements, one of which can be checked in the visible spectral region and the other in the ultraviolet spectral region of the light. Said security mark comprises plate-type effect pigments and luminescent pigments in such a low concentration that the latter can be recognised as individual particles with the naked eye under the action of UV light. The invention also relates to a method for producing said security mark and to the use of the same.

Documents:

01901-kolnp-2005-abstract.pdf

01901-kolnp-2005-claims.pdf

01901-kolnp-2005-description complete.pdf

01901-kolnp-2005-form 1.pdf

01901-kolnp-2005-form 2.pdf

01901-kolnp-2005-form 3.pdf

01901-kolnp-2005-form 5.pdf

01901-kolnp-2005-international publication.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-ABSTRACT 1.1.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-ABSTRACT.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-amanded claims.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-CLAIMS 1.1.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-CLAIMS.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-CORRESPONDENCE 1.1.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-correspondence 1.2.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-correspondence.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-DESCRIPTION (COMPLETE) 1.1.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-DESCRIPTION (COMPLETE).pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-EXAMINATION REPORT REPLY RECIEVED.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-examination report.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-FORM 1 1.1.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-FORM 1.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-form 18.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-FORM 2 1.1.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-FORM 2.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-FORM 3 1.1.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-form 5.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-gpa.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-granted-abstract.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-granted-claims.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-granted-description (complete).pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-granted-form 1.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-granted-form 2.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-granted-specification.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-intenational publication.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-international preliminary examination report.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-international search report.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-OTHERS 1.1.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-others 1.2.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-others-1.3.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-OTHERS.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-pct request form.pdf

1901-KOLNP-2005-PETITION UNDER RULE 137.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-reply to examination report.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-translated copy of priority document-1.1.pdf

1901-kolnp-2005-translated copy of priority document.pdf


Patent Number 247733
Indian Patent Application Number 1901/KOLNP/2005
PG Journal Number 19/2011
Publication Date 13-May-2011
Grant Date 09-May-2011
Date of Filing 23-Sep-2005
Name of Patentee MERCK PATENT GMBH
Applicant Address FRANKFURTER STRASSE 250, 64293 DARMSTADT
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 KRIETSCH, BURKHARD HAEFNER WEG 10, 64807 DIEBURG
2 KUNTZ, MATTHIAS IM BERGGARTEN 16, 64342 SEEHEIM-JUGENHEIM
3 WALTER, ANDREAS DIETRICH BONHOEFFER STRASSE 17A, 61440 OBERUSEL
PCT International Classification Number D21H 21/40
PCT International Application Number PCT/EP2004/004612
PCT International Filing date 2004-04-30
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 103 22 841.1 2003-05-19 Germany