|Title of Invention||
PRODUCTION FACILITY FOR THE PRODUCTION AND/OR ASSEMBLY OF TRANSPORTABLE ARTICLES
|Abstract||There is proposed a preferably transportable (mobile) and/or reusable production facility, as is quick and easy to erect virtually at any location in this world. This production facility virtually comprises a tent structure, wherein the roof of the facility is held by at least one carrier (support) and at the same time at least one device for raising or lowering or moving goods or parts thereof, for example crane structures, is also provided on the carrier itself. Such a crane structure can be of a very variable configuration and facilitates in particular the production of goods which are very heavy and which for assembly can also no longer be raised or moved by human strength.|
|Full Text||Aloys WOBBEN
Argestrasse 19, 26607 Aurich
Facility used for the production and/or assembly of goods
The invention concerns a facility for the production and/or assembly of goods. As is known, such facilities are factories or fixed buildings in which there are machines and also transport capacities for producing individual parts of an article and/or putting together a complete article from a number of individual parts, that is to say assembling the article, and then further processing or transporting the article produced in that way.
However, for the production and assembly of goods, it is not always worthwhile to just erect an entire factory building. The reasons for this are not only general costs, but can also be that a given project has to be performed at a given location, but subsequently production at that location no longer makes any further economic sense.
EP 0 411 126 Al discloses an industrial building having various cells, wherein a crane is arranged at the centre of each cell and serves to hold a horizontal platform of a ceiling construction.
JP 04306366 A discloses a roof construction for a crane in order to be able to carry out building works even in bad weather.
DE 44 27 164 Al discloses a tent which is held by a crane. In that arrangement the crane is disposed with its jib outside the tent so that the crane can access components within the tent only at a location with a corresponding opening in the roof of the tent.
DD 137 131 discloses a large-chamber double silo. A rotary cane is provided within each silo.
DE 102 08 850 Al discloses an assembly works for the assembly of industrial products. In particular shown therein is an assembly works for motor vehicles. The assembly works substantially comprises a main module with laterally disposed secondary modules.
DE 298 90 471 also discloses an installation for the production of industrial goods.
DE 689 09 169 T2 discloses a method and a modular building arrangement for industrial buildings. A building can be erected by means of a multiplicity of those modules.
The object of the invention is to propose a simple solution so that the production of goods at a given location is also possible without having to just erect expensive factory buildings.
The object of the invention is attained by a facility as set forth in claim 1 or claim 8. Advantageous developments are set forth in the appendant claims.
In accordance with the invention there is proposed a preferably transportable (mobile) and/or re-usable production facility, such as to be quickly and easily erected virtually at any location in this world. According to claim 1 that production facility comprises virtually a tent structure, wherein the roof of that facility is held by at least one carrier (support) and also at the same time at least one device for raising or lowering or moving goods or parts thereof, for example crane structures, is provided on the carrier itself. Such a crane structure can be of a widely variable configuration and facilitates in particular the production of goods which are very heavy and which for assembly can also no longer be lifted or moved by human strength.
The invention concerns the idea of using a commercially available rotary crane, in particular a commercially available rotary tower crane, as an essential support for a production tent.
A proposal which is to be added here but which can also be used alternatively is a (lightweight construction) hall which in turn is again equipped with a transport or crane capacity and to which modular units, for example in the form of containers, can be docked, so that the hall itself forms the working space while the respective kind of production is defined by way of the connected modular (production) units. The essential production know-how is therefore made available by the docked modular unit, in which respect that know-how also includes in particular machines and in particular also those items of equipment which are required for the assembly and/or handling and/or production of the goods to be produced.
It will be appreciated that it is also possible to place not just one modular unit but a plurality thereof in the production facility in order thus to allow the most possible complex production of a plurality of different goods.
The invention is described in greater detail hereinafter by means of an embodiment. In the drawing:
Figure 1 shows a perspective view in section of a mobile production facility in accordance with a first embodiment by way of example,
Figure 2 shows a portion of the arrangement of Figure 1,
Figure 3 shows a plan view of the mobile production hall of Figure 1, and
Figure 4 shows a plan view of a production facility in accordance with a second embodiment.
Figure 1 shows a perspective view in section of a production hall or a production tent. In this case the production tent 1 preferably comprises two tent units which are connected together. The two tent units are supported by a large crane 2 and a small crane 3. Both cranes can be commercial rotary tower cranes (as shown). In order to increase the height of the tent above the crane height, a support element 4 is mounted on the large crane 2 and a support element 5 is mounted on the small crane 3. Accordingly the two cranes 2, 3 carry the vertical loads of the tent 1. Cables 12, 17, in particular steel cables, are used for lateral support for the tent. In that case the two tips of the two tent units are connected together by a tensioning cable 17, while further tensioning cables 17 are connected to an outer post 10a. In order further to improve stability, pillars 10 are disposed at the edge of the tent, the pillars 10 being connected by means of tensioning cables 12 to a ring 13 through which the support 4 extends. The ring 13 serves only for connecting the pillars 10 to each other, not however for transmitting the forces from the support.
A concrete mixing installation 30 with corresponding silos 40 is provided at the edge of the tent. The concrete can be conveyed into containers 32 by way of a chute 31 so that those containers 32 with the concrete can be transported by means of the large crane to appropriate
locations in the tent. Provided at predetermined positions in the tent are individual production departments 20 which serve to carry out the various production steps.
A respective ventilation opening 90 can be provided at the tip of each of the large and small cranes. In addition a trench 200 for water drainage can be provided laterally at the tent.
While Figure 1 shows a tent comprising two sub-tents, the (mobile) production unit can also be implemented only with one tent. As an alternative thereto the (mobile) production unit may also be implemented with a plurality of tents.
Figure 2 shows a portion of the perspective sectional view of Figure 1. Here the transition between the crane 2 and the support 4 is shown in greater detail. In this case the crane 2 has a pivot joint socket 2a at its tip. A,t its one end which is towards the crane 2 the support 4 has a pivot joint ball 4a which is fitted into the pivot joint socket 2a. By virtue of that arrangement of the pivot joint socket 2a and the pivot joint ball 4a, the crane can rotate without the support 4 also rotating therewith. A pivot joint ball and a pivot joint socket are also provided between the small crane 3 and the support 5.
The ring 13 is also shown. Shown on the ring 13 are the (steel) cables 12 extending between the ring 13 and the respective pillars 10. In this case the cables 12 serve for lateral stabilisation of the tent. The arrangement of the ring 13 provides that the forces can be transmitted away from the posts without in that case influencing the support 4.
Figure 3 shows a plan view of the production unit of Figure 1. In this case also the production unit is formed from two tents which are connected together. The two cranes 2, 3 in this arrangement serve to carry the vertical forces. Arranged at the tent are a plurality of pillars 10 which are connected by means of cables 12 to the ring 13 (not shown) to carry away the forces. The large crane 2 and the small crane 3 are arranged in this case in such a way that their respective radii of action overlap in the portion 100. Accordingly, a production operation can be effected in the radius of action of the small crane 3, that is to say in the small tent, in
which case the goods produced can then be transported by means of the small crane 3 into the portion 100 where the goods can then be further transported into the large tent by the large crane 2. Once again a concrete mixing installation 30 with the corresponding silos 40 is shown externally at the large tent. Paths 50 which extend within the tents are provided for transporting or transporting away the goods produced. In this respect those paths 50 are better consolidated than the remaining region of the tent floor which for example can comprise gravel.
A storage area 60 for the goods produced can also be provided outside the tent.
By way of example, pylon segment portions of wind power installations can be produced from concrete and reinforcements, in the production facility. For that purpose, the reinforcement is suitably laced together to produce a cage, in the small tent. The small crane 3 then moves the laced cage into the portion 100 so that the large crane 2 can take over the cage and can set it down at the suitably provided place 20 in the large tent. The corresponding concrete casting shuttering is placed around the cage and the concrete produced by the concrete mixing installation 30 is transported to the concrete shuttering for example by means of the containers or buckets 32 and poured into the shuttering. After the concrete has set the shuttering is removed and a corresponding transport apparatus transports the finished concrete parts to the storage area 60. That is preferably effected over the consolidated paths 50.
As an alternative to the above-described transport of the concrete by means of buckets 32, the large crane 2 can also be provided with a suitable concrete pump so that the concrete can be pumped from the concrete mixing installation 30 into the corresponding shuttering moulds at the respective working area 20.
The above-described production unit can be used in particular for the production of prefabricated concrete elements, such as for example pylon segments for wind power installations or elements for prefabricated house production. In other words: it is possible to achieve series production of
elements which are bulky and difficult to transport and wherein the raw materials are to be present on site or are to be easily transported thereto.
In regard to the production of concrete elements, it is important that when setting the concrete elements are at a predetermined temperature. As a certain time is required until the concrete elements then cool down again, the heat which is produced in that situation can be employed to heat certain regions such as for example a living region (for the workers) in the immediate proximity of the mobile production unit.
The above-described re-buildable production facility can permit substantially autonomous production at many more or less inaccessible locations. In regard to power supply, it is advantageous to provide an autonomous current island network which is supplied with electrical power by means of diesel generators, wind power, solar power, by a flywheel or the like. Particularly at remote locations the power supply for a production facility can entail a not inconsiderable degree of complication and expenditure if for example the diesel for diesel generators has to be transported over great distances. In that respect, an improvement in the autonomous power supply is represented by the use of solar modules on the roof of the tent or solar modules which are integrated into the roof of the tent. For example the illumination for the production facility can be powered or partially powered by means of the solar modules and suitable energy storage devices. The provision of solar modules on the tent roof also has the advantage that the solar modules provide shade. Alternatively or additionally thereto, a wind power installation can be used for the power supply for the production facility. It will be appreciated that in that respect a, wind power installation is particularly advantageous, which can be quickly set up and possibly removed again.
To provide hot water, tubes can be run on the tent roof or at the edge of the tent roof, which are filled with water so that that water is heated throughout the day by way of the solar radiation and thereafter can be used as process water for industrial use. This also has the advantage that the tent structure is further weighted down so that stability is increased.
In addition conveyor devices for bulk materials such as for example sand, cement or the like can be arranged in such a way that they lead from the exterior into the tent or the concrete mixing installation in order accordingly to transport the corresponding bulk materials to the required locations.
The floor covering of the tent can comprise gravel, as an alternative thereto the floor can also be surfaced.
Residential containers or residential tents for the workers of the installation can be set up in the proximity of the facility. A water processing installation for a supply of drinking water is preferably also provided. As workers are occupied for a certain period of time at the building site or during production, a mobile medical station including the necessary implements, equipment and the like should also be provided.
At certain portions within the tent, in particular at the inside wall of the tent, it is possible to provide a peripherally extending framework such as for example building scaffolding for the storage of small parts.
The production facility can be provided for rail construction, for the assembly of electricity pylons, for components of prestressed concrete bridges, for components for road construction, for prefabricated houses, for goods packaging, for foodstuffs storage and/or for the processing and loading for example of an oil mill, an oil storage facility, an oil freighting facility, for production/assembly of all parts of a wind power installation or a solar installation.
In accordance with a further embodiment of the invention there is provided a central support on which a ring with spokes can be pulled up. At least one travelling trolley can be provided on that ring with the spokes so that the travelling trolley can be used for raising goods or articles within the tent. Preferably the travelling trolley can also move along the spokes. A plurality of trolleys are also possible. Accordingly there is no need for the ring or the crane unit to rotate as the travelling trolley can move along the outer ring and along the spokes.
Figure 4 shows a plan view of a production facility in accordance with a further embodiment of the invention. Here a central unit 1 is firstly set
up. That unit can be implemented for example by a tent. Commercially available containers can be docked to the outside of the hall 1. For example standard workstations can be embodied in the containers so that those workstations can be easily transported to and fro between the various production facilities. A crane 3 which can move within the hall is provided for transport of goods within the hall 1.
To erect the above-described hall therefore it is only necessary to level the ground so that thereafter a support framework for the hall can be set up, which for example is covered with a tent roof. The appropriately required special workstations are embodied as described hereinbefore in the containers 2 so that they only have to be docked to the hall 1.
That arrangement has in particular the advantage that halls of that kind can be easily transported and erected in a short time so that corresponding production can be effected at any locations.
The containers 2 just described above can also be docked to the production facilities described with reference to Figures 1 to 3 in order to provide specialist workstations such as for example laboratories or the like.
The above-described production facility can also be used to produce steel pylons for example for a wind power installation.
Bremen 5th May 2006
Our ref: WA 3082-03WO MAG/mwu
Direct dial: 0421/36 35 12
Applicant/Proprietor: WOBBEN, Aloys
Office ref: PCT/EP2005/053219
1. A production facility for the production and/or assembly of
transportable goods, wherein the facility has a tent structure which is
substantially supported by a carrier and the carrier has at least one crane
structure for raising, lowering and/or moving goods or parts thereof arid
the entire carrier is rotatable with the crane structure and the roof of the
tent structure is arranged substantially above the crane structure.
2. A production facility for the production and/or assembly of
transportable goods, wherein the facility has a tent structure which is
substantially supported by a carrier and the carrier has at least one crane
structure for raising, lowering and/or moving goods or parts thereof and
the crane structure is fixed to the carrier in such a way that it is mounted
rotatably beneath the carrier.
3. A facility according to claim 1 or claim 2 wherein the carrier is
adjustable in height.
4. A facility according to one of the preceding claims characterised in
that the crane structure comprises a circular or part-circular ring which is
carried by a central support and that the lifting device on the crane
structure is displaceable radially on the carrier or around the carrier.
5. A facility according to claim 4 characterised in that the crane
structure is vertically displaceable and held by cables.
6. A production facility for the assembly and production of goods
a central hall which has connecting locations for the connection of production modules in the form of containers, wherein substantially tools and/or devices for processing the goods are disposed in the containers while the central hall has at least one device for transporting goods and substantially represents the working area.
7. Process for producing and/or assembling goods, in particular pylon
segment portions for a wind power installation or prefabricated concrete
parts, in a production facility according to one of claims 1 to 6.
|Indian Patent Application Number||3878/KOLNP/2006|
|PG Journal Number||18/2011|
|Date of Filing||21-Dec-2006|
|Name of Patentee||WOBBEN, ALOYS|
|Applicant Address||ARGESTRASSE 19,26607 AURICH|
|PCT International Classification Number||B66C23/18; E04G21/28|
|PCT International Application Number||PCT/EP2005/053219|
|PCT International Filing date||2005-07-06|