Title of Invention

ARTIFICIAL T HELPER CELL EPITOPES AS IMMUNE STIMULATORS FOR SYNTHETIC PEPTIDE IMMUNOGENS"

Abstract The present invention provides a peptide immunogen represented by the formula: (a) (A)n-(Target antigenic site)-(B)0-(Th)m-(X) or; (b) (A)n-(Th)m -(B)o -(Target antigenic site)-(X) or ; (c) (A)n-( B)0 (Th)m -(B)0 -(Target antigenic site)-(X) or ; (d) (Target antigenic site)-(B)o (Th)m -(A)n -(X); or (e) (Th)m -(B)o -(Target antigenic site)- (A)n-(X) wherein: A is an amino acid or a general imrnunostimulatory sequence, where n is more than one, the individual A's may be the same or different; B selected from the group consisting of amino acids, Gly-Gly, (E-N)Lys, Pro-Pro-Xaa-Pro-Xaa-Pro, -NHCH(X)CH2SCH2CO-, -NHCH(X)CH2SCH2CO(ε-N)Lys-, -NHCH(X)CH2S-succinimidyl(ε-N)Lys-, -NHCH(X)CH2S-(succinimidly)-, and HCH(X)CH2SCH2CO-; Th is an artificial helper T cell epitope selected from the group of SEQ ID NOS: 6-22,124, 31-35 and an analog thereof; "Target antigenic site" is selected from the group consisting of a B cell epitope, a peptide hapten, and a immunologically reactive anaolog thereof; X is amino acid α-COOH or CONH2; n is from 1 to 10; m is from 1 to 4; and o is from 0 to 10.
Full Text FIELD OF THE INVENTION
The present application is a divisional application of Indian National Phase Application No. IN/PCT/2000/00355/DEL.
This invention relates to a peptide immunogen comprising a novel artificial T helper cell epitope (Th) covalently linked to a desired target antigenic site comprising B cell epitopes and optionally a general immune stimulator sequence. The artificial Th epitope imparts to the peptide immunogen the capability to induce strong T helper cell-mediated immune responses and the production of antibodies directed against the"target antigenic site."The invention also provides for the advantageous replacement of carrier proteins and pathogen-derived T helper cell sites in established peptide immunogens by the novel artificial T helper cell epitopes for improved immunogenicity.
Many rules have been developed for predicting the amino acid sequences of T cell epitopes. However, because there is no central unifying theory on how or what makes a particular amino acid sequence useful as a T cell epitope, the rules are empirical and are not universally applicable. Being aware of these rules, the novel artificial T helper cell epitopes of the present invention were developed, nevertheless, by empirical research.
The peptide immunogens of the present invention are useful for evoking antibody responses in an immunized host to a desired target antigenic site, including sites taken from pathogenic organisms, and sites taken from normally immunosilent self-antigens and tumor-associated targets.
Accordingly, the peptides of the invention are useful in diverse medical and veterinary applications, such as: vaccines to provide protective immunity from infectious disease; immunotherapies for treating disorders resulting from malfunctioning normal physiological processes; immunotherapies for treating cancer and as agents to intervene in normal physiological processes to produce desirable results. For example, the novel artificial T helper cell epitopes of the present invention provide novel short peptide immunogens that elicit antibodies targeted to luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) and are useful for contraception, control of hormone-dependent tumors, prevention of boar taint, and immunocastration. The novel artificial Th epitopes of the present invention have been found to provoke an immune response when combined with target B cell epitopes of various micro'organisms/proteins/peptides. In addition to LHRH, the artificial Th epitopes of the present invention have been found to be useful when linked to other target antigenic sites including somatostatin for growth promotion in farm animals; IgE for treatment of allergy; the CD4 receptor of T helper cells for treatment and prevention of HIV infection and immune disorders; foot-and-mouth disease virus capsid protein for prevention of foot-and-mouth disease; HIV virion epitopes for prevention and treatment of HIV infection; the circumsporozoite antigen of Plasmodium falciparum for prevention and treatment of malaria; and Cholesteryl ester transport protein (CETP) for prevention and treatment of arteriosclerosis.
BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
It is known that most antibody immune responses are cell-mediated, requiring cooperative interaction between antigen-presenting cells, B cells (antibody-producing cells which also function as antigen-presenting cells), and T helper (Th) cells. Consequently, the elicitation of an effective antibody response requires that the B cells recognize the target antigenic site (B cell epitope) of a subject immunogen and the T helper cells recognize a Th epitope. Generally, the T helper epitope on a subject immunogen is different from its B cell epitope(s) (Babbitt et al.f Nature, 1985; 317: 359-361). The B cell epitope is a site on the desired target recognized by B cells which in response produce antibodies to the desired target site. It is understood that the natural

conformation of the target determines the site to which the antibody directly binds. The T helper cell recognition of proteins is, however, much more complex and less well understood. (Cornette et al., in Methods in Enzymology, vol 178, Academic Press, 1989, pp 611-634).
Under present theories, evocation of a Th cell response requires the T helper cell receptor to recognize not the desired target but a complex on the membrane of the antigen-presenting cell formed between a processed peptide fragment of the target protein and an associated class II major histocompatibility complex (MHC). Thus, peptide processing of the target protein and a three-way recognition is required for the T helper cell response. The three part complex is particularly difficult to define since the critical MHC class II contact residues are variably positioned within different MHC binding peptides (Th epitopes) and these peptides are of variable lengths with different amino acid sequences (Rudensky et al., Nature, 1991; 353:622-627). Furthermore, the MHC class II molecules themselves are highly diverse depending on the genetic make-up of the host. The immune responsiveness to a particular Th epitope is thus in part determined by the MHC genes of the host. In fact, it has been shown that certain peptides only bind to the products of particular class II MHC alleles. Thus, it is difficult to identify promiscuous Th epitopes, i.e., those that are reactive across species and across individuals of a single, species. It has been found that the reactivity of Th epitopes is different even among individuals of a population.
The multiple and varied factors for each of the component steps of T cell recognition: the appropriate peptide processing by the antigen-processing cell, the presentation of the peptide by a genetically determined class II MHC molecule, and the recognition of the MHC molecule/peptide complex by the receptor on T helper cells have made it difficult to determine the requirements for promiscuous Th epitopes that provide for broad responsiveness (Bianchi et al., EP 0427347; Sinigaglia

et al., chapter 6 in Immunological Recognition of Peptides in Medicine and Biology, ed., Zegers et al., CRC Press, 1995, pp 79-87).
It is clear that for the induction of antibodies, the immunogen must comprise both the B cell determinant and Th cell determinant(s). Commonly, to increase the immunogenicity of a target, the Th response is provided by coupling the target to a carrier protein. The disadvantages of this technique are many. It is difficult to manufacture well-defined, safe, and effective peptide-carrier protein conjugates for the following reasons:
1. Chemical coupling are random reactions
introducing heterogeneity of size and composition, e.g.,
conjugation with glutataraldehyde (Borras-Cuesta et al., £ur J
Immunol, 1987; 17: 1213-1215);
2. the carrier proteir. introduces a potential for
undesirable immune responses such as allergic ana autoimmune
reactions (Bixler et al., WO 89/06974);
3. the large peptide-carrier protein elicits
irrelevant immune responses predominantly misdirected to the
carrier protein rather than the target site (Cease et al.,
Proc Natl Acad Sci USA, 1987; 84: 4249-4253); and
4. the carrier protein also introduces a potential
for epitopic suppression in a host which had previously been
immunized with an immunogen comprising the same carrier
protein. When a host is subsequently immunized with another
iitutiunoyen wherein the same carrier protein is coupled to a
different hapten, the resultant immune response is enhanced
for the carrier protein but inhibited for the hapten (Schutze
et al,, J Immunol, 1985; 135: 2319-2322).
To avoid these risks, it is desirable to replace the carrier proteins. T cell help may be supplied to a target antigen peptide by covalent binding to a well-characterized promiscuous Th determinant. Known promiscuous Th are derived from the potent pathogenic agents such as measles virus F

protein (Greenstein et al., J Immunol, 1992; 148: 3970-3977) and hepatitis B virus surface antigen (Partidos et al., J Gen Virol 1991; 72: 1293-1299). The present inventors have shown that many of the known promiscuous Th are effective in potentiating a poorly immunogenic peptide, such as the decapeptide hormone luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) (US 5,759,551). Other chimeric peptides comprising known promiscuous Th epitopes with poorly immunogenic synthetic peptides to generate potent immunogens have been developed (Borras-Cuesta et al., 1987). Well-designed promiscuous Th/B cell epitope chimeric peptides are capable of eliciting Th responses with resultant antibody responses targeted to the B cell site in most members of a genetically diverse population (US 5,759,551).
A review of the known promiscuous Th epitopes shows that they range in size from approximately 15 to 50 amino acid residues (US 5,759,551) and often share common Structural features with specific landmark sequences. Forl example, a common feature is the presence o~ amphipathic helices. These are alpha-helical structures with hydrophobic amino acid residues dominating one face of the helix and charged and polar resides dominating the surrounding faces (Cease et al., 1987). Known promiscuous Th epitopes also frequently contain additional primary amino acid patterns such as a charged residue, -Gly-, followed by two to three hydrophobic residues, followed in turn by a charged or polar residue (Rothbard and Taylor, EMBO J, 1988; 7:93-101). Th epitopes with this pattern are called Rothbard sequences. It has also been found that promiscuous Th epitopes often obey the 1, 4, 5, 8 rule, where a positively charged residue is followed by hydrophobic residues at the fourth, fifth and eighth positions, consistent with an amphipathic helix having positions 1, 4, 5 and 8 located on the same face. This pattern of hydrophobic and charged and polar amino acids may be repeated within a single Th epitope (Partidos et al., J Gen Virol, 1991; 72:1293-99).

Most, if not all, of the known promiscuous T cell epitopes contain at least one of the periodicities described above.
Promiscuous Th epitopes derived from pathogens
include the hepatitis B surface and core antigen helper T cell epitopes (HBsAg Th and HBc Th) , the pertussis toxin helper T cell epitopes (PT Th), the tetanus toxin helper T cell epitopes (TT Th),the measles virus F protein helper T cell epitopes (MVF Th), the Chlamydia trachomatis major outer membrane protein" helper T cell epitopes (CT Th) , the diphtheria toxin helper T cell epitopes (DT Th), the Plasmodium falciparum circumsporozoite helper T cell epitopes (PF Th), the Schistosoma mansoni triose phosphate isomerase helper T cell epitopes (SM Th), and the Escherichia coli TraT helper T cell epitopes (TraT Th) . The sequences of these pathogen-derived Th epitopes can be found in US 5,759,551 as SEQ ID NOS:2-9 and 42-52 therein, incorporated herein by reference; in Stagg et al., Immunology, 1993; 79;1-9; and in Ferrari et al., J Clin Invest, 1991; 88: 214-222, also incorporated by reference
The use of such pathogen-derived sites for the immuno-potentiation of peptide B cell sites for application to LHRH has been described in US 5,759,551, for HIV in Greenstein et al. (1.992), for malaria in EP 0 427,347, for rotavirus in Borras-Cuesta et al. (1987), and for measles in Partidos et al. (1991).
Useful Th epitopes may also include combinatorial Th epitopes. In Wang et al.(WO 95/11998), a particular class of
combinatorial Th epitopes, a "Structured Synthetic Antigen Library" (SSAL) was described. Th SSAL epitopes comprise a multitude of Th epitopes with amino acid sequences organized around a structural framework of invariant residues with substitutions at specific positions. The sequences of the SSAL are determined by retaining relatively invariant residues while varying other residues to provide recognition of the diverse MHC restriction elements. This may be accomplished by

aligning the primary amino acid sequence of a promiscuous Th, selecting and retaining as the skeletal framework the residues responsible for the unique structure of the Th peptide, and varying the remaining residues in accordance with known MHC restriction elements. Lists of the invariant and variable positions with the preferred amino acids of MHC restriction elements are available to obtain MHC-binding motifs. These may be consulted in designing SSAL Th epitopes (Meister et al., Vaccine, 1995; 13:581-591).
The members of the SSAL may be produced
simultanaously in a single solid-phase peptide synthesis .in tandem with the targeted B cell epitope and other sequences. The Th epitope library sequences are designed to maintain the structural motifs of a promiscuous Th epitope and at the same time, accommodate reactivity to a wider range of haplotypes. For example, the degenerate Th epitope "SSAL1 TH1" (WO 95/11998), was modeled after a promiscuous epitope taken from the F protein of the measles virus (Partidos et al., 1991 ). SSAL1 TH1 was designed to be used in tandem with a target antigen, LHRH. Like the measles epitope from which it was derived, SSAL1 TH1 was designed to follow the Rothbard sequence and the 1, 4, 5, 8 rules and is a mixture of four peptides:
1 5 1.0 15
Asp-Leu-Ser-Asp-Leu-Lys-Gly-Leu-Leu-Leu-His-Lys-Leu-Asp-Gly-Leu
(SEQ ID NO:2) Glu He Glu He Arg He He He Arg He Glu He
(SEQ ID N0:3) Val Val Val Val Val Val Val
(SEQ ID NO:4) Phe Phe Phe Phe Phe Phe Phe
(SEQ ID N0:5)
A charged residue Glu or Asp is added at position 1 to increase the charge surrounding the hydrophobic face of the Th. The hydrophobic face of the amphipathic helix is then maintained by hydrophobic residues at 2, 5, 8, 9, 10, 13 and 16. Positions at 2, 5, 8, 9, 10, and 13 are varied to provide a facade with the capability of binding to a wide range of MHC

restriction elements. The net effect of the SSAL feature is to enlarge the range of immune responsiveness of the artificial Th (WO 95/11998).
Other attempts have been made to design "idealized" artificial Th epitopes" incorporating all of the properties and features of known promiscuous Th epitopes. Several peptide irnmunogens comprising these artificial promiscuous Th epitopes, including those in the form of SSAL, have also been constructed. The artificial Th sites have been combined with peptide sequences taken from self-antigens and foreign antigens to provide enhanced antibody responses to site -specific targets (WO 95/11998; Alexander et al., Immunity, 1994, 1:751; Del Guerio et al., Vaccine, 1997, 15:441) that have been described as highly effective. Such peptide immunogens are preferred for providing effective and safe antibody responses, and for their immunopotency, arising from a broadly reactive responsiveness imparred by the idealized promiscuous Th sites described.
SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
The present invention provides an immunogenic peptide composition comprising a promiscuous artificial T helper cell epitope linked to a synthetic peptide B cell epitope or "target antigenic site". The immunogenic peptide comprise an artificial T helper cell (Th) epitopes and a target antigenic site containing B cell «pitopes and, optionally, a general immune stimulator sequence. The presence of an artificial Th epitope in the immunogenic peptide impart thereto a capability to induce a strong T helper cell-mediated immune response with the production of a high level of antibodies directed against the "target antigenic site." The present invention further provides for the advantageous replacement of carrier proteins and pathogen-derived T helper cell sites in established peptide immunogens with artificial T helper cell epitopes designed specifically to improve their immunogenicity. The novel short peptide

immunogens with the artificial Th epitopes of the present invention elicit a high level of antibodies targeted to luteinizing hormone-releasing hormone (LHRH) useful for contraception, the control of hormone-dependent tumors, the prevention of boar taint, and immunocastration.
The artificial Th epitopes were developed empirically, mindful of the known rules for predicting promiscuous T cell epitopes. In the absence of a unifying theory explaining the mechanism of Th epitopes, these "predictive" rules serve merely as guidelines for designing effective artificial Th epitopes. The artificial Th epitopes of the present invention have been found to be useful when linked to target antigenic sites and optionally with a immunostimulatory sequence. The immunogenic peptides of the present invention may be represented by the formulae:

(A)n-(Target antigenic site)-(B)0-(Th)m-X
or (A)n- (B)0- (Th)m- (B)0- (Target antigenic site)-X
or (A) n-(Th)m-(B)0- (Target antigenic site)-X
or (Target antigenic site)- (B) 0-(Th)m-(A) n-X
or
'(Th)m-(B)0-(Target antigenic site)-(A)n-X
wherein: A is an amino acid or a general immunostimulatory sequence, e.g., the invasin domain (Inv) (SEQ ID NO:78) where n is more than one, the individual A' s may be the same or different;
B is selected from the group consisting of amino acids, -NHCH(X)CH2SCH2CO-, -NHCH (X) CH:SCH:CO (£N) Lys-, -NHCH(X)CH2S-succinimidyl(gN)Lys-, and -KHCH(X)CH:S-(succinimidyl)-;
Th is an artificial helper T cell epitope selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOS:6-22, 31-35 and 105 and an analog or segment thereof;
"Target antigenic site" is a desired B cell epitope, a peptide hapten, or an immunologically reactive analog thereof;
X is an amincacid a-COOH, -CONH2; n is from 1 to about 10; m is from I to about 4; and o is from 0 to about 10.
An example of a peptide hapten as a target antigenic site is LHRH (SEQ ID NO: 77).
The compositions of the present invention comprise peptides capable of evoking antibody responses in an immunized host to a desired target antigenic site. The target antigenic site may be derived from pathogenic organisms and normally immunosilent self-antigens and tumor-associated targets such as LHRH.

Accordingly, the compositions of the present invention are useful in many diverse medical and veterinary applications. These include vaccines to provide protective immunity from infectious disease, immunotherapies for the treatment of disorders resulting from the malfunction of normal physiological processes, immunotherapies for the treatment of cancer, and agents to desirably intervene in and modify normal physiological processes.
Some of the targets antigens which may be covalently linked to the Th epitopes of the present invention include: LHRH for contraception, the control of hormone dependent tumors and immunocastration; somatostatin for growth promotion in farm animals; IgE for treatment of allergy; the CD4 receptor of T helper cells for treatment and prevention of HIV infection and immune disorders; foot-and-mouth disease virus capsid protein as a vaccine for the prevention of foot-and-mouth disease; the CS antigen of Plasmodium for prevention of malaria; CETP for prevention and treatment of arteriosclerosis;(and HIV virion epitopes for prevention and treatment of HIV infection.J]
DETAILED DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION Idealized artificial Th epitopes have been provided. These are modeled on two known natural Th epitopes and SSAL peptide prototypes, disclosed in WO 95/11998. The SSALS incorporate combinatorial MHC molecule binding motifs (Meister et al., 1995) intended to elicit broad immune responses among the members of a genetically diverse population. The SSAL peptide prototypes were designed based on the Th epitopes of the measles virus and hepatitis B virus antigens, modified by introducing multiple MHC-binding motifs. The design of the other Th epitopes were modeled after other known Th epitopes by simplifying, adding, and/or modifying, multiple MHC-binding motifs to produce a series of novel artificial Th epitopes. The newly adapted promiscuous artificial Th sites were

incorporated into synthetic peptide immunogens bearing a variety of target antigenic sites. The resulting chimeric peptides were able to stimulate effective antibody responses to the target antigenic sites.
The prototype artificial helper T cell (Th) epitope shown in Table la as "SSAL1 TH1", a mixture of four peptides (SEQ ID NOS:2, 3, 4, 5) is an idealized Th epitope modeled from a promiscuous Th epitope of the F protein of measles virus (Partidos et al. 1991). The model Th epitope, shown in Table la as "MVF Th" (SEQ ID N0:l) corresponds to residues 288-302 of the measles virus F protein. MVF Th (SEQ ID N0:l) was modified to the SSAL1 Thl prototype (SEQ ID N0s:2, 3, 4, 5) by adding a charged residue Glu/Asp at position 1 to increase the charge surrounding the hydrophobic face of the epitope; adding or retaining a charged residues or Gly at positions 4, 6, 12 and 14;and adding or retaining a charged residue or Gly at. positions 7 and 11 in accordance with the "Rothbard Rule". The hydrophobic face of the Th epitope comprise residues at positions 2, 5, 8, 9, 10, 13 and 16. Hydrophobic residues commonly associated with promiscuous epitopes were substituted at these positions to provide the combinatorial Th SSAL epitopes, SSAL1 Thl (SEQ ID NOs:2, 3, 4, 5). The hydrophobic residues conforming to the Rothbard sequence rule are shown in bold (Table la, SEQ ID NO:1). Positions in the sequence obeying the 1, 4, 5, 8 rule are underlined. Another significant feature of the prototype SSAL1 Thl (SEQ ID NOS:2, 3, 4, 5) is that positions 1 and 4 is imperfectly repeated as a palindrome on either side of position 9, to mimic an MHC-binding motif. This "1, 4, 9" palindromic pattern of SSAL1 Thl was further modified in SEQ ID NO:3 (Table la) to more closely reflect the sequence of the original MVF model Th (SEQ ID N0s:l). Also, the hydrophobicity of the SSAL1 Thl prototype (SEQ ID NOs:2, 3, 4, 5) was modulated in SEQ ID NOS:6, 7, and 8 by the addition of methionine residues at variable positions 1, 12, and 14. Experimental data shows that SEQ ID NOS:6, 7, 8 coupled to a

target antigenic site enhanced the antibody response in the immunized animals to the target antigenic site.
SEQ ID NOS:6, 7, 8 was simplified to SEQ ID NOS:6, 9, 10 and 11 (Table la) to provide further immunogenic SSAL Th epitopes. SEQ ID NOS:6, 7, 8 was further simplified to SEQ ID NOS:6, 12-14 {Table la) to provide a series of single-sequence epitopes. SSAL Th SEQ ID NOS:4, 9, 10 and 11 and tne single sequence Th epitopes SEQ ID NOS:6, 12-14, coupled to target antigenic sites"also provided enhanced immunogenicity
It was found that the immunogenicity of SEQ ID
NOS:6, 7, 8 may be improved by extending the N terminus with a non-polar and a polar uncharged amino acid, e.g., lie and Ser, and extending the C terminus by a charged and hydrophobic amino acid, e.g., Lys and Phe. This is shown in Table la as SEQ ID NO:15, 16 and 17 from which simplified SSAL Th epitopes SEQ ID NOS:15 and 18, 105 and 19 were derived. Peptide immunogens comprising a target antigenic site and a Th epitope selected from SEQ ID NOS:15-17, 15 and 18, 105 and 19, and 123 and 124 displayed enhanced immunogenicity. Single-sequence peptides such as SEQ ID NOS:15, 20-22 were also synthesized and tested for immunogenicity in animals. These were also found to be effective Th epitopes.
The SSAL artificial helper epitope shown in Table Ib as "SSAL2 Th2" (SEQ ID NOS:26-30) was modeled after a promiscuous epitope from the hepatitis B virus surface antigen SEQ ID NO:23 corresponding to residues 19-33 of the hepatitis B surface antigen (HBsAg) (Greenstein et al. 1992). The pathogen-derived model Th, was modified to SEQ ID NO:24 by adding three Lysines to improve solubility in water; the C-terminal Asp was deleted in SEQ ID N0:25 to facilitate the synthesis of chimeric peptides wherein Gly-Gly was introduced as spacers. The SSAL2 Th2 (SEQ ID NOs:26-30) was further modified from SEQ ID NO:24 by varying the positively charged residues therein at positions 1, 2, 3 and 5 to vary the charge surrounding the hydrophobic face of the helical structure. A charged amino acid at variable position 3 also contributed a

required residue to generate the idealized Th epitope, SSAL2 Th2 (SEQ ID NOS:26-30), which obeyed .the 1, 4, 5, 8 rule (underlined residues). The hydrophobia face of the amphipathic helix consists of hydrophobic residues at positions 4, 6, 7, 10, 11, 13, 15 and 17 of SEQ ID NOS:26-30.
The Rothbard sequence residues are shown in bold for prototype SSAL2 Th2 (SEQ ID NOS:26-30).
SEQ ID NOS:31-35 were simplified from the idealized SSAL2 Th2 prototype (SEQ ID NOS:26-30) as described above. For example, variable hydrophobic residues were replaced with single amino acids, such as lie or Met (SEQ ID NOS:31-35). The hydrophobic Phe in position 4 was incorporated as a feature of SEQ ID NO:34 while deleting the three lysines. The deletion of the C-terminal Asp was incorporated as a feature of SEQ ID NOS:32, 34, and 35. Further modifications included the substitution of the C-termini by a common MHC-binding motif AxTxIL (Meister et al, 1995) .
Each of the novel artificial Th epitopes, SEQ ID NOS:6, 12-19, 105, 123, 124 20-22 and 31-35 were coupled to a variety of target antigenic sites to provide peptide immunogens. The target antigenic sites include the peptide hormones, LHRH and somatostatin, B cell epitopes from immunoglobulin IgE, the T cell CD4 receptor, the VP1 capsid protein of foot-and-mouth disease virus; the CS antigen of Plasmodium falciparum; and cholesteryl ester transport protein (CETP); and B cell epitopes from HIV. The results show that effective anti-target site antibodies cross-reactive with a diverse group of self-antigens and foreign antigens were produced. Most important, the antibody responses were directed to the target antigenic sites and not to the novel Th epitopes. The results for the novel peptide immunogens for LHRH are shown in Tables 2 and 3. The immunogenicity results also show that the antibodies produced were effective against LHRH but not against the Th epitopes themselves. It is to be emphasized that LHRH is a target antigenic site devoid of T cell epitopes (Sad et al., Immunology, 1992; 76: 599-603 and

US 5,759,551). Thus, the novel artificial Th epitopes of the present invention represent a new class of promiscuous T helper epitopes.
The artificial Th epitopes of the present invention are contiguous sequences of amino acids (natural or non-natural amino acids) that comprise a class II MHC molecule binding site. They are sufficient to enhance or stimulate an antibody response to the target antigenic site. Since a Th epitope can consist of continuous or discontinuous amino acid segments, not every amino acid of the Th epitope is necessarily involved with MHC recognition. The Th epitopes of the invention further include immunologically functional homologues. Functional Th homologues include immune-enhancing homologues, crossreactiva homologues and segments of any of these Th-epicopes. Functional Th homologues further include conservative substitutions, additions, deletions and insertions of from one to about 10 amino acid residues and provide the Th-stimulating function of the Th epitope.
The promiscuous Th epitopes of the invention are covalently linked to the N- or C- terminus of the target antigenic site, to produce chimeric Th/B cell site peptide immunogens. The term "peptide immunogen" as used herein refers to molecules which comprise Th epitopes covalently linked to a target antigenic site, whether through conventional peptide bonds so as to form a single larger peptide, or through other forms of covalent linkage, such as a thioester. Accordingly, the Th epitopes (e.g., SEQ ID NOS:6, 12-19, 105, 123, 124, 20-22 and 31-35) are covalently attached to the target antigenic site (e.g., SEQ ID N0:77) either via chemical coupling or via direct synthesis. The Th epitopes may be attached directly to the target site or through a spacer, e.g., Gly-Gly or (n-N)Lys. In addition to physically separating the Th epitope from the B cell epitope (e.g., SEQ ID NOS:41-64, 71-76, 84-90, 92-94, 96-102, 103, 104, 106, 126-129, and 136-153), the spacer may disrupt any artifactual secondary structures created by the linking of the Th epitope

or its functional homologue with the target antigenic site and thereby eliminate any interference with the Th and/or B cell responses. A flexible hinge spacer that enhances separation of the Th and IgE domains can also be useful. Flexible hinge sequences are often proline rich. One particularly useful flexible hinge is provided by the sequence Pro-Pro-Xaa-Pro-Xaa-Pro (SEQ ID NO:79) modeled from the flexible hinge region found in immunoglobulin heavy chains. Xaa therein is any amino acid, preferably aspartic acid. The conformational separation provided by the spacer (See SEQ ID NOS:80 and 82) permits more efficient interactions between the presented peptide immunogen and the appropriate Th cells and B cells. Thus the immune responses to the Th epitope is enhanced to provide improved immune reactivity.
The peptide conjugate immunoqens of the invention optionally may also comprise a general immunostimulatory peptide sequence. For example, a domain of an i'nvasin protein (Inv) from the bacteria Yersinia spp (Brett et 4l., Eur J Immunol, 1993, 23: 1608-1614). This immune stimulatory property results from the capability of this invasin domain to interact with the fil integrin molecules present on T cells, particularly activated immune or memory T cells. A preferred embodiment of the invasin domain (Inv) for linkage to a promiscuous Th epitope has been previously described in US 5,759,551 and is incorporated.herein by reference. The said Inv domain has the sequence: Thr-Ala-Lys-Ser-Lys-Lys-Phe-Pro-Ser-Tyr-Thr-Ala-Thr-Tyr-Gln-Phe
(SEQ ID N0:78)
or is an immune stimulatory Jiomoloaue thereof from the corresponding region in another Yersinia species invasin protein. Such homologues thus may contain substitutions, deletions or insertions of amino acid residues to accommodate strain to strain variation, provided that the homoloaues_ retain immune stimulatory properties. The general immunostimulatory sequence may optionally be linked to the Th epitope with a spacer sequence.

The peptide conjugates of this invention, i.e., peptide immunogens which comprise the described artificial Th epitopes, can be represented by the formulas:
(A) n-(Target antigenic site)-(3)c-(Th) m-X
or (A) „- (B)0- (Th)m-(B)0- (Target antigenic site)-X
or (A)n-(Th)m-(B)0-(Target antigenic site)-X
or (Target antigenic site)- (B)0-(Th)m-(A) n-X
or (Th)m-(B)0-(Target antigenic sine)- (A) n-X
wherein: A is optional and is an amino acid or a general immunostimulatory sequence, where n >1, each A may be the same or different;
B is selected from the group consisting of amino acids, -NHCH (X)CH2SCH2CO-, -NHCH (X) CH2SCH2CO (I-N)JLys- , -NHCH(X)CH2S-succinimidyl(u-N)Lys-, and -NHCH(X)CH2S-(succinimidyl)-;
Th is an artificial helper T cell epitope (SEQ ID NOS:6, 12-19, 105,A20-22 and 31-35) or an immune enhancing homologue or segment thereof;
"Target antigenic site" is a desired B cell epitope or peptide hapten, or an analog thereof);
X is an amino acid a-COOH OR -CONH2;
n is from 1 to about 10;
m is from 1 to about 4; and
o is from 0 to about 10.
The peptide immunogens of the present invention comprises from about 25 to about 100 amino acid residues, preferably from about 25 to about 80 amino acid residues.
When A is an amino acid, it can be any non-naturally occurring or any naturally occurring amino acid. Non-naturally occurring amino acids include, but are not limited

gto, D-amino acids, B-alanine, ornithine, norleucine, norvaline, hydroxyproline, thyroxine, y-amino butyric acid, homoserine, citrulline and the like. Naturally-occurring amino acids include alanine, arginine, asparagine, aspartic acid, cysteine, glutamic acid, glutamine, glycine, hist'id-ina, isoleucine, leucine, lysine, methionine, phenylalanine, proline, serine, threonine, tryptophan, tyrosine and valine. Moreover, when n is greater than one, and two or more of the A groups are amino acids, then each amino acid may be independently the same or different.
When A is an invasin domain sequence, it is preferably an immune stimulatory epitope from the invasin protein of an Yersinia species described here as SEQ ID NO:77.
In one embodiment where n is 3, each A is in turn an invasin sequence (Inv), glycine and glycine.
B is optional and is a spacer comprising one or more naturally occurring or non-naturally occurring amino acids. In
(B)0, where 0>1, each B may be same or different. B may be Gly-Gly or Pro-Pro-Xaa-Pro-Xaa-Pro (SEQ ID NO:79) or INLys or -NHCH(X)CH2SCH2CO-, -NHCH (X) CH2SCH:CO (I.NLys) -, -NHCH (X) CH2S-
«
succinimidyl-ZJNLys-, and -NHCH (X) CH2S-(succinimidyl) - .
Th is a promiscuous T helper cell epitope selected from the group SEQ ID NOS:6, 12-19, 105, 123, 124, 20-22 and 31-35 and homologues thereof.
The peptide immunogens of this invention, may be made by chemical methods well known to the ordinarily skilled artisan. See, for example, Fields et al., Chapter 3 in Synthetic Peptides: A User's Guide, ed. Grant, W.H. Freeman & Co., New York, NY, 1992, p.77. The peptides may be synthesized using the automated Merrifield solid phase peptide synthesis with either t~Boc or Fmoc to protect the a-NH2 or side chain amino acids . Equipment for peptide synthesis are available commercially. One example is an Applied Biosystems Peptide Synthesizer Model 430A or 431.
After complete assembly of the desired peptide

immunogen, the resin is treated according to standard procedures to cleave the peptide from the resin and de-block the functional groups on the amino acid side chains. The free peptide is purified by HPLC and characterized biochemically, for example, by amino acid analysis, by sequencing, or by mass spectometry. Methods of peptide purification and characterization are well known to one of ordinary skill in the art.
Other "chemical means to generate peptide immunogens comprising the Th epitopes of the invention include the ligation of haloacetylated and cysteinylated peptides through the formation of a "thioether" linkage. For example, a cysteine can be added to the C terminus of a Th-containing peptide and the thiol group of cysteine may be used to form a covalent bond to an electrophilic group such as an N chloroacetyl-modified or a maleimide-derivatized 0- or Q-NH? group of a lysine residue, which is in turn attached to the N-terminus of a target antigenic site peptide. In this manner, Th epitope/B cell site conjugates may be obtained.
The subject immunogen may also be polymerized. Polymerization can be accomplished for example by reaction between glutaraldehyde and the -NH2 groups of the lysine residues using routine methodology. By another method, the linear Th/ B cell site immunogen can be polymerized or co-polymerized by utilization of an additional cysteine added to the N-terminus of the linear constructs. The thiol group of the N-terminal cyoteine can be used for the formation of a "thioether" bond with haloacetyl-modified amino acid or a maleimide-derivatized D- or D-NH2 group of a lysine residue that is attached to the N-terminus of a branched poly-lysyl core molecule (e.g., K2K, K4K2K or K8K4K2K) . The subject immunogen may also be polymerized as a branched structure through synthesis of the desired peptide construct directly onto a branched poly-lysyl core resin (Wang, et al., Science, 1991; 254:285-288).
The longer synthetic peptide conjugates may

alternatively be synthesized by well known nucleic acid cloning techniques. Any standard manual on molecular cloning technology provides detailed protocols to produce peptides comprising the Th epitopes of the invention by expression of recombinant DNA and RNA. To construct a gene expressing a Th/target antigenic site peptide of this invention (e.g., SEQ ID NOS:36-64, 106, 71-76 and 80-82), the amino acid sequence is reverse translated into a nucleic acid sequence, preferably using optimized" codons for the organism in which the gene will be expressed. Next, a gene encoding the peptide is made, typically by synthesizing overlapping oligonucleotides which encode the peptide and necessary regulatory elements. The synthetic gene is assembled and inserted into the desired expression vector. The synthetic nucleic acid sequences encompassed by this invention include those which encode the Th epitopes of the invention ana peptides comprising those Th epitopes, the immunologically functional
and nucleic acid constructs characterized by changes in the non-coding sequences that do not alter the immunogenic properties of the peptide or Th epitope encoded thereby. The synthetic gene is inserted into a suitable cloning vector and recombinants are obtained and characterized. The Th epitopes and peptides comprising the Th epitopes are then expressed under conditions appropriate for the selected expression system and host. The Th epitope or peptide is purified and characterized by standard methods.
Peptide immunogens of the invention may be used alone or in combination to elicit antibody responses to Luteinizing Hormone Releasing Hormone. Luteinizing Hormone Releasing Hormone (LHRH) or Gonadotropin-releasing hormone (GnRH) is a master hormone for the regulation of sexual reproduction in both males and females. LHRH regulates the release of LH and FSH which in turn control spermatogenesis, ovulation and estrus, sexual development. LHRH ultimately controls the secretion of the male hormones androgen and testosterone, and the secretion of the female hormones,

estrogen and progesterone which themselves are essential for fertility in males and females, respectively. (Basic and Clinical Endocrinology, eds. FS Greenspan and JD Baxter, Appleton & Lange:Norwalk CT. 1994).
Active immunization against LHRH has long been known to exert multiple effects in males including decreased serum and pituitary LH and FSH, reduced serum testosterone, suppression of spermatogenesis and reversible atrophy of the gonads and accessory sex organs. (See, for example, Fraser et al., J. Endocrinol.t 1974; 63:399-405; Giri et al., Exp. Molec. Pathol., 1991; 54:255-264; Ladd et al. , J. Reprod. Immunol., 1989; 15:85-101; and references cited therein). Immunization against LHRH has been proven useful as a contraceptive in males and has potential as a treatment for prostate cancer (Thau, Scand J Immunol, 1992; 36 Suppl 11:12?-130; and US 5,759,551).
Immune intervention on the hypothalo-pituitary gonadal axis by active immunization against LHRH can al.so be used to inhibit sexual hormones in females. Since LHRH regulates the production of FSH by the anterior pituitary which in turn regulates the production of estrogen by the ovaries, blocking the action of LHRH is a therapy for sexual hormone-dependent diseases in women. For example, the ectopic development and maintenance of endometrial tissues outside the uterine musculature is mediated by estrpgen. .Therefore, blocking the action of LHRH is useful as a treatment for endometriosis. Furthermore, by analogy to prostate cancer, estrogen-driven tumors of the breast should also be responsive to LHRH immunotherapy. Indeed, an anti-LHRH inducing vaccine has been shown to effectively reduce serum levels of LH and FSH in women, an illustration of the potential of this method to effect contraception and treatment of hormone-dependent disorders (Gual et al., Fertility and Sterility, 1997; 67: 404-407) .
In addition to providing treatment for a number of

important diseases and reversible infertility in both men and
women, LHRH-based immunotherapy provides a means for
reversible contraception in male and female animals (e.g.
dogs, cats, horses and rabbits) as well as mitigating
undesirable androgen-driven behavior such as heat, territorial
marking and aggression. ' .
Lastly, immunological castration (e.g., antibody-based inhibition of LHRH action) has application in the livestock industry. Meat from male animals is not processed into prime cuts because of the presence of an offensive aroma and taste, known as boar taint. Boar taint is conventionally eliminated by mechanical castration; however, castration of male food animals is no longer considered humane. Moreover, mechanical castration results in poorer growth performance and lesions in body part, also referred to as carcass traits, in comparison to non-castrated males. Whereas, the growth performance and carcass traits of immunocastrated animals are less affected than those of castrated animals (Bonneau et al., J Anim Sci, 1994; 72: 14-20 and US 5,573,767). Therefore, immunological castration is preferable to mechanical castration.
LHRH (or GnRH) is a self-molecule that must be linked to a Th component in order to generate anti-LHRH antibodies (Sad et al., Immunology, 1992; 76: 599-603). Several such immunogenic forms of LHRH have been tested. For example, LHRH immunogens have been produced by conjugation to carrier proteins or linked by peptide synthesis to potent Th sites derived from pathogenic organisms (WO 94/07530, US 5,759,551, Sad et al., 1992). Improved LHRH peptide immunogens comprising LHRH and artificial Th epitopes are exemplified in EXAMPLES 1-3.
This invention also provides for compositions
comprising pharmaceutically acceptable delivery systems for the administration of the peptide immunogens. The compositions comprise an immunologically effective amount of one or more of the peptide immunogens of this invention. When

so formulated, the compositions of the present invention comprising LHRH or a homologue thereof as target antigenic site, are used for treatment of prostate cancer, prevention of boar taint, immunocastration of animals, the treatment of endometriosis, breast cancer and other gynecological cancers affected by the gonadal steroid hormones, and for contraception in males and females. The utility for peptides of the invention having target antigenic sites other than LHRH will vary in accordance with the specificity of the target antigenic site.
The peptide immunogens of the invention can be formulated as immunogenic compositions using adjuvants, emulsifiers, pharmaceutically-acceptable carriers or other ingredients routinely provided in vaccine compositions. Adjuvants or emulsifiers that can be used in this invention include alum, incomplete Freund's adjuvant (IFA)., liposyn, saponin, squalene, L121, emulsigen, monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) , dirnethyldioctadecylammonium bromide (DDA) , QS21, and ISA 720, ISA 51, ISA 35 or ISA 206 as well as the other efficacious adjuvants and emulsifiers. Such formulations are readily determined by one of ordinary skill in the art and also include formulations for immediate release and/or for sustained release. The present vaccines can be administered by any convenient route including subcutaneous, oral, intramuscular, intraperitoneal, or other parenteral or enteral route. Similarly the immunogens can be administered in a single dose or multiple doses. Immunization schedules are readily determined by the ordinarily skilled artisan.
The composition of the instant invention contains an effective amount of one or more of the peptide immunogens of the present invention and a pharmaceutically acceptable carrier. Such a composition in a suitable dosage unit form

generally contains about O.5µg to about 1 mg of the peptide
immunogen per kg body weight. When delivered in multiple
doses, it may be conveniently divided into an appropriate
amount per dose. For example, the dose, e.g. 0.2-2.5mg;


preferably 1 mg, may be administered by injection, preferably intramuscularly. This may be followed by repeat (booster) doses. Dosage will depend on the age, weight and general health of the subject as is well known in the vaccine and therapeutic arts.
Vaccines comprising mixtures of the subject peptide immunogens, particularly mixtures comprising Th sites derived from both MVF Th, i.e., SEQ ID NOS:6, 12-19, 105, 123, 124, 20-22, and HBsAg Th, i.e., SEQ ID NOS:31-35, may provide enhanced immunoefficacy in a broader population and thus provide an improved immune response to LHRH or other target antigenic site.
The immune response to Th/LHRH peptide conjugates or other Th/target antigenic site conjugates can be improved by delivery through entrapment in or on biodegradable microparticles of the type descrioed by O'Hagan et al. (Vaccine, 1991; 9:768). The immunogens can be encapsulated with or without an adjuvant, and such microparticles can carry an immune stimulatory adjuvant. The nicroparticles can also be coadministered with the peptide immunogens to potentiate immune responses
As a specific example, the invention provides a method for inducing anti--LHRH antibody by administering pharmaceutical compositions comprising Th/LHRH peptide immunogens to a mammal for a time and under conditions to produce an infertile state in the mammal. As used herein an infertile stale is that state which prevents conception. Infertility can be measured by methods known in the art, e.g. evaluation of spermatogenesis or ovulation, as well as by statistical modeling of experimental animal data. Other indicators of infertility in males includes reduction of serum testosterone to castration levels and involution of the testes. The appropriate dose of the composition is about O.5µg to about 1m.g of each peptide per kg body weight. This dosage may conveniently be divided into appropriate amounts

per dose when delivered in multiple doses.
Similarly, the LHRH embodiments of this invention relate to a method for treating androgen-dependent carcinoma by administering the subject peptide compositions to the mammal for a time and under conditions to prevent further growth of the carcinoma. The appropriate unit dose is about O.Sjag to about Img of each peptide per kg body weight. This is conveniently divided into the appropriate amounts per application when administered in multiple doses.
Further, the LHRH embodiments relate to a method for improving the organoleptic qualities and tenderness of the meat from male domestic animals while maintaining the advantageous growth performance of intact males. The androgenic steroid hormones of intact males are responsible for fast growth but their presence is accompanied by non-androgenic steroids (e.g., Socandrostenone) and skatole (a product of the microbial metabolism of tryptophan) which impart unpleasant taste and aroma to the meat. This condition, known as boar taint in the case of swine, detracts from the quality of the meat. However, by the active immunization of young males with compositions comprising LHRH peptides of the invention, on a schedule that effects • . , immunocastration in the weeks just prior to slaughter, many of the growth advantages of non-castrated males may be retained while providing meat with improved flavor and tenderness.
The efficacy of the peptide composition of the present invention comprising the target antigenic site, LHRH, can be tested by the procedure described in the Examples 1-3.
Other target antigenic sites which have also been used in peptide immunogens of the present invention are described in Examples 4-9. Peptide immunogen compositions are useful for inducing immune responses in mammals against specific target antigens and provide for prevention or treatment of disease, or intervene to usefully modify normal physiological conditions.

EXAMPLE 1
IMMUNIZATION OF RATS WITH PEPTIDE IMMUNOGENS CONTAINING LHRH
Peptides listed in Tables 2a and 2b were synthesized and tested as described below.
A. Peptide synthesis. The peptides listed in Tables 2a and 2b were s-ynthesized individually by the Merrifield solid-phase synthesis technique on Applied Biosystems automated peptide synthesizers (Models 430, 431 and 433A)' using Fmoc chemistry. Preparation of peptide constructs comprising structured synthetic antigen libraries (SSALs), e.g., the artificial Th site designated SEQ ID NO:6-8, was accomplished by providing a mixture of the desired amino acids selected for a given position. After complete assembly of the desired peptide or combinatorial peptides, the resin was treated according to standard procedure using trifluoroacetic acid to cleave the peptide from the resin and deblock the protecting groups on the amino acid side chains.
The cleaved, extracted and washed peptides were purified by HPLC and characterized by mass spectrometry and reverse phase HPLC.
Peptides were synthesized to have the LHRH target antigenic peptide (SEQ ID NO:77) in tandem with each of the designed Th epitopes as listed in Tables 2a and 2b. The Th epitopes were those shown in Tables la and Ib (SEQ ID NOS:6, 12-19, 105, 20-22 and 31-35). For purposes of comparison, prior art peptide immunogens comprising model Th sites (SEQ ID NOS:36 and 65), and prototype Th sites (SEQ ID NOS:37-40 and 66-70) and a peptide/carrier protein conjugate, KLH-LHRH (Table 2b) were also synthesized and tested. The Th/LHRH and Inv/Th/LHRH peptide constructs were synthesized with gly-gly as a spacer between the target antigenic site and the Th epitope, and with or without gly-gly as a spacer between the Th epitope and the Inv immunostimulatory sequence. In

addition, SEQ ID NOS:80-82 were synthesized with SEQ ID NO: 79 as a spacer between the Th site and the target antigenic site.
The results for peptide immunogens SEQ ID NOS:80-82 are not yet available.
B. Protocols for immunization. The LHRH peptide
immunogens shown in Tables 2a and 2b were evaluated on groups
of 5 to 10 rats as specified by the experimental immunization
protocol outlined below and by serological assays for
determination of immunogenicity on serum samples:
Animals: Sprague-Dawley rats, male
Group Size: 5-10 rats/group
Immunogen: individual peptide immunogen
Dose: amount in µg as specified, in 0.5mL
Adjuvants: (1) Freund's Incomplete Adjuvant (IFA);
or
(2) Alum (Aluminum hydroxide); One adjuvant per immunogen per group Dose Schedule: 0, 3, and 6 weeks or 0, 3 weeks as specified
Route: intramuscular
Blood was collected and processed into serum, and stored prior to ELISA and radioimunoassay (RIA) for determination of serum testosterone values.
C. Method for determination of immunogenicity.
Antibody activities were determined by ELISA (enzyme-linked
immunosorbent assays) using 96-well flat bottom microtiter
plates which were coated with the LHRH peptide (SEQ ID NO:77)
as immunosorbent. Aliquots (100|iL) of the peptide immunogen
solution at a concentration of 5µg/mL were incubated for 1
hour at 37°C. The plates were blocked by another incubation at
37°C for 1 hour with a 3% gelatin/PBS solution. The blocked
plates were then dried and used for the assay. Aliquots
(lOOµL) of the test immune sera, starting with a 1:100 dilution in a sample dilution buffer and ten-fold serial dilutions thereafter, were added to the peptide coated plates.

The plates were incubated for 1 hour at 37°C.
The plates were washed six times with 0.05% TWEEN© in PBS. lOOµL of horseradish peroxidase labeled goat-anti-rat IgG antibody was added at appropriate dilutions in conjugate dilution buffer (Phosphate buffer containing 0.5M NaCl, and normal goat serum) . The plates were incubated for \. hour at 37°C before being washed as above. Aliquots (lOOuL) of o-phenylenediamine substrate solution were then added. The color was allowed to develop for 5-15 minutes before the enzymatic color reaction was stopped by the addition of 50uL 2N H2SO4. The A492nm of the contents of each well was read in a plate reader. ELISA titers were calculated based on linear regression analysis of the absorbances, with cutoff A^™ set at 0.5. This cutoff value was rigorous as the values for diluted normal control samples run with each assay were less than 0.15.
D. Determination of imrnunoaen efficayy. Immunogens
were evaluated for efficacy by RIA for serum testosterone
values. Serum testosterone levels were measured using an RIA
kit from Diagnostic Products (Los Angeles, CA) according to
manufacturer's instructions. The lower detection limit for
testosterone ranged from 0.01 to 0.03nmol/L. Each sample was
analyzed in duplicate. Serum samples were scored as being at
castration level when the testosterone level was below limits
of detection and as "near castration" at were verified by comparison to testosterone levels in serum
from mechanically castrated rats.
E. Results. Results from serum samples collected
at weeks 10 or 12 are presented in Tables 2a and 2b. (The
peptides of the Tables are ordered by derivation of their Th
epitopes, as was done in Tables-la and Ib.) ELISA data (not
shown) demonstrated that immunization by all the listed
immunogens resulted in antibody responses in all animals. The
efficacy of the anti-peptide antibody responses, consequential
to the cross-reactivity to natural LHRH, was established by

determining serum testosterone levels. Those results are summarized in the right columns of Tables 2a and 2b as numbers of animals having castration level serum testosterone per total animals in the group.
The results show that the peptides of the invention, whether with a strong adjuvant I FA and administered 3 times at high dose, or with a weak adjuvant Alum and administered twice at low dose were effective in producing immunocastration. The immunogenicity of the Th sites SEQ ID NOS:6, 9 and 15 were improved by the addition of the Inv domain sequence. See comparisons between SEQ ID NOS:41, 44 and 45, 46 and SEQ ID NOS:53 and 60. Although, the addition of the Inv domain sequence did not always result in improvement in immunogenicity, e.g., compare SEQ ID NOS:51 and 52, SEQ ID NOS:61 and 62, and, SEQ ID NOS:74 and 75. Two peptides of the invention (SEQ ID NOS:50 and 76) were tested only at low dose with the weak adjuvant and failed to cause immunbcastration, but the results with other peptides, e.g., SEQ to N0:73, indicate that they would have been effective at a higher dose with a strong adjuvant. Many of the LHRH peptide immunogens of the present invention were significantly more effective at inducing immunocastration than the KLH/LHRH peptide carrier protein conjugate or the peptide immunogens having HBsAg Th (SEQ ID Nos:65 and 66-70). See Table 2b.
Also, the peptide immunogens of the present invention were more easily synthesized than the peptide/carrier conjugate protein or the peptide immunogens having the more complex prototype Th epitopes of the prior art (SEQ ID NOS:2-5 or 26-30). Yet, equivalent or improved immunogenicity with fewer and lower doses were obtained with the peptide immunogens comprising the artificial Th epitopes of the present invention.
A serological analysis of the antibody responses of rats that had received the LHRH peptides of the invention demonstrated that the antibody responses to the peptides was specifically directed to the target antigenic site and not to

the novel artificial Th sites. This is a distinct advantage of these peptide immunogens over conventional peptide/carrier protein conjugates. Serum samples from rats that had been immunized with the peptide immunogens shown in Table 3, with 25µg doses on Alum at 0 and 3 weeks, were compared for reactivities to the LHRH target site and to the Th epitope by ELISAs using the LHRH peptide (SEQ ID NO:77) and the appropriate Th epitope (SEQ ID NO:15 and 18, 31, or 34) as solid-phase substrates in peptide-based ELISAs. Results for these ELISAs are presented in Table 3 which show that despite high titer responsiveness to the LHRH moiety of the Th/LHRH peptide conjugates, reactivities for the artificial Th sites were at background levels.

EXAMPLE 2
LHRH PEPTIDE MIXTURE FOR INDUCTION OF BROADER IMMUNOCASTRATION IN RATS
Establishing the relative efficacies of the various artificial Th epitope/LHRH constructs as shown above in Example 1 permitted selection of the most effective ones for assembly into a peptide mixture of enhanced immunogenicity. A mixture of Th/LHRH peptide immunogens is more efficacious than any individual peptide within the mixture (US 5,795,551). Moreover, a mixture of individual constructs carrying promiscuous Th epitopes derived from MVF Th (SEQ ID N0:l) and HBsAg Th (SEQ ID NOS:23-25) provide broader response in a genetically diverse population than would a peptide composition having Th epitopes derived from only one promiscuous Th epitope. Therefore, a peptide composition comprising a mixture of peptides of the invention derived from MVF Th and HBSAg Th was assembled and the efficacy of the mixture was tested and compared to compositions comprising the individual peptides of the mixture.
Groups of 6 or 8 male rats were immunized with 25pg doses (total dose) of the peptide compositions indicated in Table 4. The peptides in the mixture were combined in equimolar proportions. The peptides were formulated with 0.4% Alum and administered intramuscularly on weeks 0 and 3. Serum testosterone levels were followed for 22 weeks and the results were scored as number of animals with castration level of testosterone per total number of animals in the group. These results are presented in Table 4. They demonstrated that the low doses of peptide compositions, given with a relatively ineffective adjuvant, achieved castration levels of testosterone by week 5, and that this response was maintained through week 22. Moreover, the peptide mixture performed significantly better than one of the peptide compositions comprising an individual peptide. It can be assumed that the

mixture would have shown improved immunogenicity over the other individual peptide composition had the numbers of experimental animals been larger and more representative of a
true population.
EXAMPLE 3
LHRH PEPTIDE MIXTURE AND FORMULATIONS FOR THE IMMUNOCASTRATION OF SWINE
A group test animals have been shown to be more broadly responsive to a mixture of peptide immunogens with different Th epitopes than to a composition containing a single peptide immunogen. However, for the prevention of boar taint in swine, it is necessary that the immunopotent LHRH peptide immunogens be sufficiently potent to elicit the desired response in most animals while being acceptable for use in food animals. It is important thai there is no immediate effect adverse to the growth rate and that no residue of the peptide immunogen or the adjuvant is left in the meat or cause lesions in the marketable parts of the carcass.
In order to evaluate the useful immunogenicity of a mixture of inventive LHRH peptides, the mixture was administered to swine in three formulations either in 0.4% Alum, IFA, or ISA 206/DDA. ISA 206/DDA is an oil/water emulsion in which Dimethydioctadecylammonium bromide (DDA) is dispersed into MONTANIDE® ISA 206 at 30mg/mL (MONTANIDE® ISA 206 is an oily metabolizable solution supplied by SEPPIC Inc. of Fairfield, NJ). The oil suspension is then emulsified at a 1:1 volume ratio into an aqueous peptide solution which has been adjusted for peptide concentration so as to provide the desired dose of peptide in 05mL of the final preparation.
The immunization protocol was as follows: Animals: Yorkshire Hampshire Cross Swine, males,

3-4 weeks of age non-castrated Group Size: 2-3 animals/group
Immunogen: Equimolar mixture of SEQ ID NOS:57-58, 71
and 75
Dose: 400pg of peptide(s) in 0.5mL
Adjuvants: (1) 0.4% Alum,
(2) I FA,
(3) ISA 206/DDA
Schedule: ' 0, 4, and 13 weeks or 0, 4 weeks
Route: Intramuscular
The efficacy of the peptide immunogen formulations was monitored by assaying the swine serum samples collected throughout the course of the study, the results are graphically presented in Figs 1-3. The assays included an RIA for the determination of the presence of antibodies cross-reactive to native LHRH in solution as described below, and an RIA for testosterone as described in EXAMPLE 1. Further, the average testes cross sectional area was determined by palpitation with a caliper.
Antisera for the anti-LHRH RIA were diluted 1:100 in 1% bovine serum albumin (BSA), pH 7.4. An equal volume of diluted sera was added to lOOµL of [12SI]-LHRH (New England Nuclear Company, Boston, MA) diluted in 1% BSA to contain approximately 15,000cpm for 5.25pg LHRH. The solution was incubated overnight at room temperature and antibody-bound LHRH was precipitated with 400fiL of 25% polyethylene glycol (MW 8,000) in 0.01M phosphate-buffered saline (PBS), pH 7.6, and 200µL of 5mg/mL bovine gamma globulin in PBS. Anti-LHRH antibody concentrations are expressed as nmol iodinated LHRH bound per liter of serum (Ladd et al., 1988, Am J Reprod Immunol, 17:121-127).
Results are depicted graphically in Figs 1-3 for the three assays. The intervals at which the immunogens were administered are shown by arrows .at the bottom of the graphs. Determinations for the individual experimental animals in

each figure are represented by the solid circles, triangles, and squares. The swine responded immunologically to all three formulations, as shown by the presence of anti-LHRH antibody and the concomitant suppression of testosterone.
The alum preparation (Fig. 1) was least effective producing a lower level of antibody responses. One animal of this group did not achieve the castration level of testosterone until week 11 and both animals in this group did not manifest complete involution of the testes. The animals of the alum group did not receive immunizations at week 13, and the effects of the treatment were reversed.
The animals of the IFA group (Fig. 2) displayed higher levels of antibody responses, with two of the three reaching and holding a castration level of testosterone by week 6. However, upon administration of a booster dose at week 13, the lowest responding swine of the three failed to respond and reverted to a normal level of testosterone and to non-involuted testes. The two responsive animals of this group achieved complete involution of che testes by week 23.
Both swine of the ISA 206/DDA group (Fig. 3) provided high and relatively uniform levels of antibody responses. Immunocastration levels of testosterone in this group were achieved by week 9 and stably maintained through week 12. Both animals were responsive to the boost at week 13 and maintained castration levels of testosterone. The testes of both animals were undetectable by week 23.
Front the results obtained the ISA 206/DDA
formulation is, thus, most preferred for prevention of boar taint. High and uniform effects on the two animals are achieved with the ISA 206/DDA formulation. Moreover, the formulation is more acceptable in swine in comparison to the IFA formulation which caused lesions, apparently because the

IFA formulation is not readily metabolized.
EXAMPLE 4 SOMATOSTATIN IMMUNOGENS

FOR GROWTH PROMOTION IN FARM ANIMALS
Immunogens of the invention may be used singly or in combination to elicit antibodies to somatostatin. Somatostatin is a major inhibitor of total somatic growth. It is a cyclic peptide hormone of fourteen amino acids (SEQ ID NO:80, Table 5) and its structure is conserved across species.
Somatostatin inhibits the release of many gastro-intestinal hormones as well as inhibits the release of growth hormone, insulin, and thyroid hormones, thereby affecting both the ability of the animal to absorb nutrients and its subsequent ability to direct these nutrients into tissue growth. The neutralization of somatostatin by immunization has been shown to stimulate growth in sheep, goats, chickens, and pigs (Spencer, Dom Anim Endocr, 1986; 3:55; Spencer et al., Reprod Nutr Develop, 1987; 27(2B):581; Laarveld et al., Can J Anim Sci, 1986, 66:77), and cattle (Lawrence et al., J Anim Sci, 1986, 63(Suppl): 215).
In addition to stimulating growth rate and leading to a 20% reduction in rearing time (Spencer, 1986; Spencer et al., 1987) active immunization against somatostatin also has a beneficial effect the efficiency of food conversion, i.e., in addition to the saving on feed by virtue of more rapid growth, the animals actually utilize their food more efficiently during the growing period, at least partly as a result of changes in gut motility (Fadlalla et al., J Anim Sci, 1985, 61:234). The treatment does not have any marked effect on carcass composition (Spencer et al., 1987) but there were indications that, when killed at equal weights, treated animals may be less fatty and leaner. Taken all of the experimental data together, effective active immunization to somatostatin (as evidenced by the presence of anti-somatostatin antibodies) is a powerful, safe, and effective tool to enhance growth (Spencer, 1986).
However, somatostatin is a short peptide and a self-antigen and is non-immunogenic by itself (see Table 5).

Nevertheless, several immunogenic forms of somatostatin have been designed and tested as reported in the literature. For example, somatostatin has been conjugated with protein carriers to enhance immunopotency. However, protein carriers are too expensive for economical use in farm animals. Further, effective immunization with somatostatin is highly dependent on how the carrier is conjugated to somatostatin. In most cases, glutaraldehyde is employed as the carrier for coupling with the lysine residues present on somatostatin and glutaraldehyde The two lysines on somatostatin available for coupling reside within a 12-mer functional loop. The conjugation of these lysines may result in significant loss of the native somatostatin structure. As a result, cross-reactivity to natural somatostatin with the antibodies is reduced. Moreover, with protein carriers, the majority of immune responses are directed to the carrier rather than to somatostatin (the mass of the carrier molecule (s) is much greater than that of somatostatin). Immunization with a small peptide carrier conjugates has frequently led to carrier-induced immune suppression (Schutz et al., J Immunol, 1985, 135:2319). Accordingly, there is a need for a different way to enhance the immunogenicity that is more suitable for farm animal use. The vaccine should be inexpensive and capable of stimulating an early and strong immune response to somatostatin and avoid carrier-induced suppression.
The somatostatin/Th epitope peptide immunogens shown in Table 5 were synthesized and administered to rats. The effect of the immunization was determined by peptide ELISA as described in EXAMPLE 1. Cyclized Somatostatin was used in one of the peptide immunogen (SEQ ID NO:80) tested and in the assay as the solid-phase substrate in ELISA. To completely cyclize somatostatin, the cleaved peptide was dissolved in 15% DMSO in water for 48 hrs to facilitate intra-disulfide bond formation.
From the results shown in Table 5, it is clear that somatostatin alone is devoid of immunogenicity whereas the

peptide immunogens of the present invention elicited high titers of somatostatin-specific antibodies in the immunized hosts. The anti-somatostatin responses generated for SEQ ID NO:81-83, SEQ ID NO:84-86 and SEQ ID N0:87, with Th epitopes (SEQ ID NOS:6,7,8 and 31) show the effectiveness of the Th epitopes. However, a close comparison of the antibodies titers for immunogenicity show that it is preferable to place the Th epitope on the C-terminus. The results for SEQ ID NOS:84-86, with the Th epitope as SEQ ID NOS:6,7,8 show an earlier higher level of antibodies was elicited. The results of Table 5 illustrate the strong antibody response to immunization with artificial Th/somatostatin compositions, thereby establishing the utility of these peptides of this invention for growth promotion in farm animals.
EXAMPLE 5 PEPTIDE COMPOSITION FOR PREVENTION OF HIV INFECTION
Peptide immunogens comprising idealized artificial Th sites of the present invention and a target antigenic site cross-reactive to a host cell receptor/co-receptor complex for HIV may be used to elicit antibodies to that host cell complex in the immunized host. Said complex which is located on the surface of host lymphocytes expressing CD4 comprise CD4 associated with a chemokine receptor domain. This compl-ex is the primary receptor for entry of HIV into T cells. Antibodies directed to this CD4 complex block the interactions between HIV and its receptor, and the interactions between CD4-Class II and CD4-expressing T cells and other activated T cells. Thus, antibodies directed to this complex have broad neutralizing activities against primary isolates of HIV-1, HIV-2, and SIV and intervene in the immunosuppression of CD4+ cell-mediated immune responses (WO 97/46697).
The peptide immunogens relevant to the CD4 complex antigenic site may be formulated singly or in combination for the generation, by active immunization in mammals including

humans, high titers of serum antibodies to the CD4 complex. These antibodies are useful for the prevention and treatment of immunodeficiency virus infection as well as for treatment of undesirable immune responses such as transplant rejection, rheumatoid arthritis, systemic lupus erythematosis, and psoriasis.
An artificial Th epitope/target antigenic site peptide immur.ogen was designed with a sequence modified from the CDR2-like domain of CD4 as the target antigenic site. The modified site comprises a peptide sequence taken from the CDR2-like domain of human CD4 (amino acids 39-66 according to the numbering system of Maddon et al., Cell, 1985; 42:93; and, Littman et al., Cell, 1988; 55:541) modified as follows: (1) the insertion of cysteine residue to the N-terminus side of position 39 of the naturally occurring CD4 sequences, (2) the insertion of a cysteine residue at the C-terminus side of position 66 thereof, and (3) the formation of a disulfide bond between the inserted cysteines to produce a cyclic structure. The optimized and modified (i.e., cyclized) target site for CD4-CDR2 of the following sequence is provided:
1. Cys-Asn-Gln-Gly-Ser-Phe-Leu-Thr-Lys-Gly-Pro-Ser-Lys-Leu-
Asn-Asp-Arg-Ala-Asp-Ser-Arg-Arg-Ser-Leu-Trp-Asp-Gln-Gly-
Asn-Cys
2. (SEQ ID N0:88)
To complete the cyclization, the modified peptide was dissolved in 15% DMSO in water for 48 hrs to facilitate intra-disulfide bond formation between the cysteines. SEQ ID NO:84 was incorporated into the peptide immunogen: (SEQ ID NO:6,1,8)-GG-(SEQ ID N0:88)
(SEQ ID N0:89-91)
Immunogenicity in guinea pigs of SEQ ID NO:85 formulated in ISA 206/DDA, 100 ug/dose, given at weeks 0, 3, 6, was evaluated. Invmunogenicity was determined by peptide ELISA as described in EXAMPLE 1 The cyclized target antigenic site peptide used as the solid-phase substrate in the ELISA. The labeled conjugate was specific for guinea pig IgG. Six of

six guinea pigs were successfully seroconverted by the LLI.SA reactivity obtained. It is significant that SEQ ID NO:85 was found to be highly immunogenic and is functional in a large animal.
An immunogenic composition comprising SEQ ID NO:85 was formulated in I FA, 300pg/dose, and administered to a swine by intramuscular injection on weeks 0, 3, and 6. The swine seroconverted and the serum from week 8 was tested for neutralization activity against a primary isolate of HIV-1. Neutralization activity was assayed on HIV-1 VL135, a primary isolate of subtype B, by MT-2 Microplaque Neutralization Assay (Hanson et al., J Clin Microbiol, 1990; 28:2030; WO 97/46697). The swine serum sample provided 50% virus neutralization at a dilution of 1:249, and 90% neutralization at a dilution of 1:97. Therefore, immunization of a large animal host with a peptide immunogen composition of the present invention produced antibodies which bind to the host cell receptor comprising CD4 and neutralize HIV.

EXAMPLE 6 PEPTIDE COMPOSITION FOR TREATMENT OF ALLERGY
Peptide immunogens comprising the idealized
artificial Th sites of the invention and a target antigenic site that cross-reacts with an effector site on the third constant domain (CH3) of the epsilon (~) heavy chain of IgE are provided. The immunogens may be used to elicit auto-antibodies to the IgE effector site in the immunized host. That IgE-CH3 effector site is modified from a segment of the CH3 domain of the epsilon (C2) heavy chain of human IgE (amino acids 413-435 (Dorrington and Benr.ich, 1978; 41:3). It is modified from that of the naturally occurring IgE sequence as follows: (!) insertion of a cysteine residue to the N-terminus side at position 413, (2} substitution/for the native cysteine at position 418 of the native IgE sequence by serine, (3) insertion of cysteine at C-termir.us side at position 435, and (4) formation of a disulfide bond between the cysteines at the N- and C- termini to produce a cyclic structure. By this process the target antigen site for human IgE is optimized.
3. Cys-Gly-Glu-Thr-Tyr-Gln-Ser-Arg-Val-Thr-His-Pro-His-
4. Leu-Pro-Arg-Ala-Leu-Met-Arg-Ser-Thr-Thr-Lys-Cys
Amino acid substitutions from the natural sequence are shown in boldface. The results show that the polyclonal antibodies elicited have specificity for the CHS effector site of IgE in the immunized host. They prevent the sensitization of mast cells and basophils by IgE, thereby preventing the triggering and activation of mast cells/basophils and leading to the down-regulation of IgE synthesis. Moreover, antibodies elicited by peptides shown in Table 6 comprising this target antigenic site are cross-reactive with human IgE, and these antibodies are safe and non-anaphylactogenic. Furthermore, the antibodies do not crosslink to IgE bound to the high

affinity cell receptor to induce degranulation.
The peptide conjugates relevant to the IgE-CH3 antigenic site may be formulated singly or in combination and used to immunize mammals including humans to generate high titers of serum antibodies, which are useful for the prevention and treatment of allergic symptoms.
The peptide immunogens incorporating the modified IgE-CH3 target site (SEQ ID NO:92) are shown in Table 6 as SEQ ID NOS:87-90. These peptide immunogens were used to immunize groups of 3 guinea pigs using lOOfig/dose, formulated in CFA at week 0, IFA at weeks 3 and 6, and administered intramuscularly. For comparison, a group of two animals were immunized with a peptide/KLH carrier protein conjugate at 200ng/dose, similarly administered. ELISA results of serum samples collected at week 8 are shown. In the ELISA a human
IgE myeloma protein (American Biosystem, Inc. cat. no. A113)
/
was used as the solid-phase immunoadsorbant. The procedure used was identical to the peptide-based ELISAs described previously, except IgE myeloma was used as the solid phase immunoadsorbant. Thus, the results demonstrate cross-reactivity with human IgE, The ELISA results also demonstrate that all of the constructs were immunogenic with cross-reactivity for human IgE, with the peptide immunogens of the present invention providing superior immunogenicity. The inclusion of the Inv domain sequence (SEQ ID N0:78) augmented the immunogenicity, as shown by the enhanced immunogenicity of SEQ ID NO:99 over SEQ ID NO:98.
To test the anti-human IgE antibodies in assays for biological activity and safety, guinea pig hyperimmune sera were produced against SEQ ID NO:98 and 99. The procedure is as described above, except that the animals also received a booster dose of the peptide immunogen in IFA on week 10. Guinea pig IgG antibodies were purified and the ability of the purified antibodies to inhibit the sensitization of human basophils by allergen-specific IgE determined as follows.

Guinea pig IgG antibodies were purified by Protein A affinity chromatography (ImmunoPure© Immobilized Recomb© Protein A, Pierce)from serum collected at weeks 8 and 12. The serum from the animals immunized with SEQ ID NOS 98, 99 were pooled. The eluted antibodies were prepared at a standard concentration of 8mg/ml. in 25mM PIPES buffer, 0.15M NaCl, pH 7.2. A control antibody preparation was prepared from the pooled serum of guinea pigs immunized with an irrelevant peptide immunogen. These antibodies were used in assays that measure the reduction in IgE-mediated sensitization of human basophilc. Human basophils were prepared from the venous. . . blood of volunteers using centrifugation through Percoll density gradients (MacGlashan. J.Allergy Clin Immunol, 1993; 91:605-615). The banded leukocytes were collected, washed, and resuspended in 0.ImL of PAGCM buffer as describe {MacGlashan, 1993) except that the PAGCK buffer used to suspend the cells was made up with water containing 44% D20. The IgE used for the assay was allergen-specific, either human BPO-specific IgE or chimeric human IgE having grafted variable domains with specificity for HIV clycoprotein gp!20. The allergen-specific IgE at 025ng/mL was preincubated for 15 minutes at 37°C with an equal volume of the purified antibody at 8mg/mL. The total volume was O.lmL. The antibody mixture was added to the and incubated for 20 minutes to allow for sensitization of the basophils by uncomplexed IgE. The sensitized were then stimulated by addition of the allergen, either BPO2i-HSA or a gp!20 polypeptide as described {MacGlashan, 1993). After an appropriate incubation period (usually 45 minutes), the basophils were separated from the supernatant and the supernatant assayed for histamine content by an automated fluorimetric technique (Siraganian, Anal Biochem, 1974; 57: 383-394). All reactions were performed in duplicate. The percent histamine release was calculated from the ratio of sample to total histamine minus from both the amount of spontaneous histamine release. The histamine

release by experimental antibody to histamine release by the control antibody of irrelevant specificity was compared'ana • the ratio obtained. (Histamine release assays on human basophils were kindly performed under coded conditions by Dr. Donald W. MacGlashan, The Johns Hopkins University School of Medicine, Johns Hopkins Asthma and Allergy Center, Baltimore). Specific inhibition of histamine release by the site-specific anti-IgE was 61% and 71% for the antibodies purified from bleeds taken on weeks 8 and 12, respectively.
These actively induced polyclonal antibodies were then further tested for safety. They were tested for ability or inability to cross-link receptor-bound IgE and induce spontaneous histamine release in the absence of allergen. This establishes whether or not they are non-anaphylactogenic anti-IgE antibodies. A preparation of guinea pig anti-SEQ ID NO: 98 was tested by direct challenge of IgE-sensitized basophils, in the absence of allergen, to evaluate its ability to crosslink receptor-bound IgE and induce degranulation. Histamine release by anti-SEQ ID NO:98 was equivalent to the level of spontaneous histamine release by the donor cells. Based on this result, it was concluded that antibody of specificity for the target antigen site of SEQ ID NO:98, i.e, SEQ ID NO:92, is non-anaphylactogenic.
The 12 week anti-SEQ ID NO:98 preparation was also evaluated for IgE-specificity, to determine the potential of these antibodies for isotype specific immunosuppression. The cross-reactivity of anti-SEQ ID NO:98 guinea pig antibodies to human IgE and IgG were compared by ELISA. The procedure is described for human IgE. For human IgG ELISA, human IgG was used as the solid-phase immunosorbent.
The IgE ELISA plates were coated with the human IgE myeloma at 5ng/mL. For the IgG ELISA, the plates were coated with human purified IgG (Sigma reagent grade human IgG), also at 5ng/mL. The purified guinea pig anti-SEQ ID NO:98 was tested for reactivity in both ELISAs at concentrations of 0.5

and O.ljig/mL. Results were compared to antibodies purified from control guinea pig serum and to a "no antibody" control.
The A49o values obtained for anti-SEQ ID NO: 98 antibody on IgE were 1.126 at O.S^ig/mL and 0.344 at O.l^g/mL. The A490 values obtained for anti-SEQ ID NO:98 antibody on IgG were equal to control antibody and background values. This shows that there was no cross reactivity of the guinea pig anti-SEQ ID NO:98 to human IgG.
The peptide immunogen composition of the present invention did not elicit antibodies that recognize ]gG antibodies, and therefore are isotype specific for IgE. Thus, it can be concluded that active immunization with Th/IgE target antigenic site immunogens of the invention elicit safe non-anaphylactogenic anti-IgE antibodies. The antibodies were effective in inhibiting IgE-mediated sensitization, and displayed an immunosuppressive potential specific to antibodies of isotype IgE.

EXAMPLE 7
PEPTIDE COMPOSITION FOR PREVENTION OF FOOT-AND-MOUTH DISEASE
Peptide iinmunogens comprising idealized artificial Th sites of the invention and a target antigenic site cross-reactive to the "G-H Loop" on the VP1 capsid protein of Foot-and Mouth Disease Virus (FMDV), may be used to elicit neutralizing antibodies to FMDV.
Foot-and-mouth disease (FMD) is the most
economically important disease of domestic livestock. Cloven-hoofed species including cattle, pigs, sheep and goats are susceptible. Seven distinct serotypes have been described: A, 0, C, Asia, and the South African types SAT-1, 2, and 3, each of which can be subdivided into multiple subtypes. Viruses of serotypes A, 0, and Asia-1 are most common. Serotype A viruses are the most variable, having more than 30 subtypes. There is no cross-protection between serotypes so that animals recovered from infection with or vaccinated against a virus of one serotype are still susceptible to infection with viruses from the remaining six serotypes. Moreover, the degree of antigenic variation within a serotype is such that a vaccine made against one subtype may not be protective for another subtype within that same serotype (Brown, Vaccine, 1992; 10:1022-1026).
Serotype-specific pcptidcs corresponding to the- 1-11-160 region (the G-H Loop) of the VP1 capsid proteins of isolates belonging to all seven FMDV serotypes have been shown to elicit protective levels of type-specific neutralizing antibodies in guinea pigs (Francis et al., Immunology, 1990; 69:171-176). Clearly this region contains a dominant immunogenic site which also carries the serotype specificity of the virus. The initial observations of inununogenicity for these 141-160 VP1 peptides was accomplished using synthetic

peptides conjugated to carrier protein KLH (keyhole limpet hemocyanin), a procedure which negates the advantage of manufacturing a well-defined synthetic immunogen. However, the development of VP1 synthetic immunogens was advanced by DiMarchi and Brook (U.S. Patent No. 4,732,971) who showed that two VP1 sequences from a subtype 0 isolate, joined in a 200-213 Pro-Pro-Ser-141-158-Pro-Cys-Gly (SEQ ID NO:100) chimeric construct, elicited antibody levels which protected cattle against challenge. Nevertheless, the efficacy of this effect was limited by the low immunogenicity of the peptide immunogen and by its narrow serotype specificity. Practical application demands that a vaccine formulation provide protection from both homotypic and heterotypic exposure, with small amounts of peptide immunogen.
The G-H Loop immunodominant site optimized for immunogenicity and capacity to induce broadly neutralizing antibodies is incorporated as a target antigenic site into the peptide immunogens of the present invention. The site is homologous to amino acid positions 134-169 on the FMDV VP1 protein of strain A12 (Robertson et al, J Virol, 1985; 54:651-660) and extend beyond either end of the G-H Loop. The target site was further modified by: (1) substitution of Asp at position 134 and Gin at position 157 with cysteines, (2) formation of a disulfide bond between the substituent cysteines to produce a cyclic structure , and (3) construction of an SSAL thereof using the corresponding VP1 sequences from a selection of subtypes. The optimized target antigen sites for the FMDV VP1 are exemplified by the peptides listed in Table 7. The two peptide immunogens, SEQ ID NO:101 and SEQ ID NO:102, are SSAL target antigenic sites compiled from strains of FMDV serotypes 0 and Asia, respectively. The target antigenic sites of both serotype 0 and Asia were coupled to
\-
the Th epitopes of the present invention, SEQ ID NO: 31. The Inv domain sequence (SEQ ID NO:78) was also incorporated into SEQ ID NO:102.

These two SSAL peptide immunogens were synthesized and used to hypenmmunize groups of three Duncan Hartley, guinea pigs (female, 9 weeks old, 450 gm, virus free). Each animal was immunized with lOOµg per dose of the indicated synthetic construct emulsified in CFA at week 0 or IFA at weeks 3 and 6. The animals were bled on weeks 0, 5 and 10 for testing.
Serum samples were obtained from five and 10 week bleeds and pooled from each group. The pooled sera were evaluated for reactivity to the VP1 neutralizing epitope by peptide based ELISA using a peptide having the sequences for the neutralizing epitope (VP1 134-169) as the solid phase immunoadsorbant. Their ability to neutralize FMDV strains Al A12Fp, AFL, A23, O-IJH, 0-lp2, and Asia-1 were also determined. The virus neutralizing activity of a 1:100 dilution of a serum sample was determined by observing neutralization on a series of increasing input viral loads, using aliquots (10,000 MPDso) of the virus strains named above. The results are shown in Table 7. The testing method performed (Morgan and Moore, Am J Vet Res, 1990; 51:40-45), demonstrated that immunization with the peptide antigens of the present invention provided sera which reduced by 2.5 Logic FMDV microplaques at 1:100 dilution. The results also are highly predictive of protective immunity against FMDV infection.
As shown by Table.7, high anti-peptide titers
against the target antigenic sites (>5 Logio) were elicited by week 5. Broad and effective neutralization of all seven tested strains belonging to three different FMDV serotypes (i.e., A, 0, Asia) were observed, despite the wide variations between these strains and serotypes.
This further demonstrates the efficacy of the artificial Th epitopes of the present invention to stimulate effective antibody responses against an epitope from a foreign pathogen.

EXAMPLE 8
PEPTIDE COMPOSITION OF A SPOROZQITE MALARIA VACCINE
Peptide immunogens comprising the idealized
artificial Th sites and a circumsporozoite (CS) target antigen from Plasmodium falciparum/ a human malaria parasite, are provided. The CS protein is the major surface antigen of the sporozoite stage of the parasite. Immunologic studies and sequence data on-a large number of CS genes of human, simian, and rodent plasmodia have been documented showing that all CS proteins contain a central region, consisting of a series of tandem repeats, encompassing multiple copies of an immunodominant B cell epitope. In P. falciparum the repeating epitope is represented as
(Asn-Ala-Asn-Pro)n
(SEQ ID N0:103) Antibodies directed against the repeats of the CS
protein of the human malaria parasites, P. falciparum and P. viva:-;, inhibit the invasion of hepatocytes by sporozoites and abolish their infectivity. Therefore, repeats of the CS epitope have been the target antigen of subunit vaccines used in various human malaria vaccine trials (Nussenzweig et al., Adv. Immunol., 1989, 45:283; Hoffman et al., Science, 1991, 252:520). However, one of the shortcomings of the various synthetic malaria vaccines currently in clinical trials is their low immugenicity. Thus, a potential malaria vaccine remains to be developed. (Calvo-Calle et al., J Immunol, 1994, 150:1403)
To overcome the immunogenicity problem associated with the repeats of the CS protein of P. falciparum, the artificial Th epitopes shown in Table 1 are incorporated into the CS peptide immunogens. For example, peptide construct
(SEQ ID NOS:15,18)-DNLys-(Asn-Ala-Asn-Pro)4
(SEQ ID NOS:104,105)
is synthesized and used as the key immunogen in a malaria vaccine to elicit potent protective antibodies in

small animals, primates (e.g., baboons) and humans against P. falciparum sporozoites.
EXAMPLE 9
PEPTIDE COMPOSITION FOR PREVENTION AND TREATMENT OF ATHEROSCLEROSIS AND CARDIOVASCULAR DISEASE
Cholesteryl ester transport protein (CETP) mediates the transfer of cholesteryl esters from HDL to TG-rich lipoproteins such as VLDL and LDL, and also the reciprocal exchange of TG from VLDL and LDL (Tall, J Internal Med, 1995, 237:5-12; Tall, J Lipid Res, 1993, 34:1255; Hesler et al., J Biol Che/7), 1987, 262:2275; Quig et al., Ann Rev Nutr, 1990, 10:169). CETP may play a role in modulating the levels of cholesteryl esters and triglyceride associated with various classes of lipoproteins. A high CETP cholesteryl ester transfer activity has been correlated with increased levels of LDL-associated cholesterol and VLDL-associated cholesterol, which in turn are correlated with increased risk of cardiovascular disease (see, e.g., Tato et al., Arterioscler Thromb Vascular Biol, 1995, 15:112).
CETP isolated from human plasma is a hydrophobic glycoprotein having 476 amino acids. A cDNA encoding human CETP has been cloned and sequenced (Drayna et al., Nature, 1987, 327:632). A monoclonal antibody TP2 (formerly designated 5C7) has been produced which completely inhibits the cholesteryl ester and triglyceride transfer activity of CETP and, to a lesser extent, the phospholipid transfer activity (Hesler et al., J Biol Chem, 1988, 263:5020). The epitope of TP2 was localized to the carboxyl terminal 26 amino acids, i.e., the amino acids from Arg451 to Ser476 of human CETP (see, Hesler et al., 1988):
Arg Asp Gly Phe Leu Leu Leu Gin Met Asp
Phe Gly Phe Pro Glu His Leu Leu Val Asp
Phe Leu Gin Ser Leu Ser

TP2 was reported to inhibit both human and rabbit CETP activity in vitro and rabbit CETP in vivo (Yen et al. , J Clin Invest, 1989, 83:2018). Further analysis of the region of CETP bound by TP2 revealed that amino acids between Phe463 and Leu475
Phe Gly Phe Pro Glu His Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser Leu
Ser
(SEQ ID N0:107)
are necessary for TP2 binding and for neutralizing CETP neutral lipid binding and transfer activity (see, Wang et al., J Biol Chem, 1992, 270:612).
A number of in vivo studies utilizing animal models or humans have indicated that CET? activity can affect the level of circulating cholesterol-containing HDL. Increased CETP cholasteryl ester transfer activity can produce a ' . decrease in HDL-C levels relative to LDLC and/or VLDLC levels and low HDL which in turn is correlated with an increased susceptibility to arteriosclerosis. Therefore, the discovery of compounds and methods to control CETP activity will be advantageous in preventing or treating cardiovascular disease.
Rittershaus et al., WO 96/34888, proposed the use of a peptide composition comprising a "universal" or "broad range" immunogenic helper T cell epitope linked, preferably covalently, to a B cell epitope portion such as the one found in the carboxyl terminal portion of human CETP involved in a neutral lipid binding or transfer activity of CETP. In order to enhance the immunogenicity of the functional site on human CETP, i.e., the carboxyl terminal amino acids of human CETP {SEQ ID NOS:96 and 97) and peptide analogues thereof linked to the antigenic peptides comprising artificial Th epitopes from Table 1 and CETP target antigen peptides were synthesized. These peptide antigens, shown in Table 8, are used to elicit antibodies to CETP in small animals, primates and humans. Anti-CETP antibodies control CETP activity. Thereby, the CETP antigenic peptides are expected to cause reduced accumulation

in plasma of LDL-associated cholesterol and provide protection from and treatment of arteriosclerosis and coronary heart disease.
EXAMPLE 10
PEPTIDE COMPOSITION AS HIV VACCINE COMPONENT FOR THE ELICITATION OF NEUTRALIZING ANTIBODIES AGAINST HIV
Progress in the development of an effective vaccine for HIV-1 has been gauged in large part by measuring the ability to induce measurable virus-specific CD8+ cytotoxic T lymphocytes (CTLs) and neutralizing antibodies, the leading indicators of a protective immune response. A strong correlation was observed between protection against infection and levels of neutralizing Abs in nor.human primates infected with HIV-1 or simian HIV (SHIV). However, little progress has been made in generating neutralizing antibodies over the past decades. Part of the problem is the weak neutralizing antibody response generated by candidate HIV-1 vaccines. A recent article entitled "Toward an HIV Type 1 vaccine that generates potent, broadly cross-reactive neutralizing antibodies" by Montefiori et al (AIDS Res and Hum Retrovir^ 1999, 15:689-698) provides a state-of-the-art review of the difficulties encountered in HIV vaccine development.
In an effort to enhance the neutralizing antibody response against HIV, we embarked on synthetic antigen designs aimed at eliciting potent neutralizing antibodies. The synthetic antigens employ specially designed artificial Th epitopes as the immune stimulatory element of the construct covalently linked to HIV neutralizing B cell epitopes (e.g. Korber et al, HIV Mol Immunol Database 1991, Part III Antibody Binding Sites] or neutralizing mimetopes (e.g. Scala et al, J Immunol 1999, 162: 6155-6161) previously recognized by either monoclonal or polyclonal antibodies.
Amongst the HIV neutalizing B cell epitopes, an • artificial V3 consensus sequence was designed (SEQ ID NO: 125)

comprising an optimal frame of the V3 principal neutralizing determinant of HIV gp120 (Wang, C.Y., US 5,763,160). These include the most frequent amino acid for each of the amino acid positions within that frame based on analyses of amino acid sequences from over 1,000 HIV isolates from subtypes A to Gf along with sequences derived from linear or conformational epitopes of HIV gp!20/ gp41 regions shown here in Tables 9 and 10 in SEQ ID NOS:125, 126-129, 148-153. The neutralizing mimetopes of Scala et al (SEQ ID NOS:130-135) are also synthesized as peptides of the invention, SEQ ID NOS:136-147, as shown in Table 9.
The immunogenic peptide constructs of the invention shown in Table 10 are wholly synthetic and were synthesized by the solid-phase method outlined ir. Example 1. These immunogenic peptide constructs further illustrate the utility of the artificial Th of the present invention in HIV vaccine development.
Each peptide in Table 1C can be represented by the formula (A) n- (Th)m- (B) 0- (HIV B neutralizing epitope)-X or (HIV neutralizing epitope)-(B) 0- (Th) m- (A) n-X. The HIV neutralizing epitopes include SEQ ID NOS: 125 and 130-135. The immunogenic peptides comprise one or more Th sites derived from artificial Th (as shown in Table 1) . Each peptide of this example have Gly-Gly or (E-N)Lys spacers between immunogenic elements, but peptides of the invention may have other spacers or no spacers.
Peptides of these examples may comprise an optional Inv immunostimulatory site (SEQ ID NO: 27). It is understood however that the invention is not limited to the use of Inv as an additional immunostimulatory element.
Representative peptide constructs of the invention as listed in Table 10 (SEQ ID NOS: 148-153) were synthesized, cleaved, cyclized and purified as described in Example 1. Each peptide construct was formulated for immunization into small animals such as guinea pigs, or into larger animals such

as pigs or baboons for evaluation of its immunogenicity. Each of the peptides was suspended in a volume of 0.5 mL containing representative emulsifiers or adjuvants such as ISA51, ISA720, DDA or monophosphoryl lipid A (MPL) . The dose was 100 µq of peptide for guinea pigs or 300 ng of peptide for swine or baboons and the animals were immunized intramuscularly.
Animals received injections on weeks 0, 3 and 6 as specified in Table 10. Test bleeds at 5, 8, 10 and 11 weeks post initial immunization were evaluated for reactivities with target epitopes by B cell epitope peptide ELISA as described in Example 1, and further tested for their ability to neutralize HIV-1 as described in details in Example 5.
All peptides tested elicited strong site-directed cross reactivities to the corresponding target peptide, as shown by Logio titers on the anti-B epitope peptide ELISAs of greater than 4. Neutralization of HIV-1 was also observed for immune sera obtained from guinea pigs, and baboons. This functional reactivity by the baboon sera is noteworthy insomuch as the neutralization of human HIV by the baboon sera is nearly a human system. The results are strong indicators of the efficacy of a peptide construct of the invention as an agent for the prevention and/or immunotherapy of HIV infection by active immunization.

Model, Prototype, and Artificial Idealized Th Epitopes a. MVF Th and Th epitopes derived therefrom
(Table Removed)
b. HBsAg Th, Prototype and Derivatives

Table 2 Immunoqenicity of LHRH Peptides
a. MVF Th Derivatives(Table Removed)
a Number of animals with anti-LHRH titers
> l:1000/total animals immunized. The ELISA peptide was
SEQ ID N0:77.
b Number of animals with anti-Th reactivity
> 0.100 A49o /total animals immunized. Sera were diluted
1:100 and all A490 values were at background values for the respective Th peptides.
c ELISA peptide was a mixture of two peptides: SEQ ID NOS-.15 and 18.
d ELISA peptide was SEQ ID NO:31. e ELISA peptide was SEQ ID NO:34.

Evaluation of Artificial Th/LHRH Peptide Compositions
Including Mixture
Table Removed)


a Individual LHRH peptide compositions or the mixed LHRH peptide composition were formulated on alum.
Immunization schedule: 25fig/dose at 0 and 3 wpi.
b Number of animals immunocastrated/total number of animals in group. Animals were scored as immunocastrated when serum testosterone values were
Table 5 Immunogenicity of Somatostatin Antigenic Peptides
(Table Removed)

Immunogenicity of IgE-CH3 Antigenic Peptides
Artificial Th and SSAL Target Antigenic Peptides for Improved Immunogenicity
and Breadth of FMDV Neutralization
(Table Removed)

SEQUENCE LISTING
(1) GENERAL INFORMATION:
(i) APPLICANT: UNITED BIOMEDICAL INC., ET AL.
(li) TITLE OF INVENTION: ARTIFICIAL T HELPER CELL EPITOPES AS IMMUNE STIMULATORS FOR SYNTHETIC PEPTIDE IMMUNOGENS
(ill) NUMBER OF SEQUENCES: 151
(iv) CORRESPONDENCE ADDRESS:
(A) ADDRESSEE: Morgan & Finnegan, L.L.P.
(B) STREET: 345 Park Avenue
(C) CITY: New York
(D) STATE: NY
(E) COUNTRY: USA
(F) ZIP: 10154-0054
(v) COMPUTER READABLE FORM:
(A) MEDIUM TYPE: Floppy disk
(B) COMPUTER: IBM PC*compatible
(C) OPERATING SYSTEM: PC Windows
(D) SOFTWARE: Word 97
(vi) CURRENT APPLICATION DATA:
(A) APPLICATION NUMBER: TO BE ASSIGNED
(B) FILING DATE: 21-JUNE-1999
(C) CLASSIFICATION:
(vii) PRIOR APPLICATION DATA:
(A) APPLICATION NUMBER: 09/100,412
(B) FILING DATE: 20-JUNE-1998
(viii) ATTORNEY/AGENT INFORMATION:
(A) NAME: Maria H. Lin
(B) REGISTRATION NUMBER: 29,323
(C) REFERENCE/DOCKET NUMBER: 1151-4158PC1
(ix) TELECOMMUNICATION INFORMATION:
(A) TELEPHONE: 212-758-4800
(B) TELEFAX: 212-751-6849
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID N0:l


(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 15 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:l:
Leu Ser Glu lie Lys Gly Val lie Val His Arg Leu
15 10
Glu Gly Val 15"
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO: 2:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 16 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:2:
Asp Leu Ser Asp Leu Lys Gly Leu Leu Leu His Lys
15 10
Leu Asp Gly Leu 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:3: (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 16 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(C) TOPOLOGY: LINEAR
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:3:
Glu He Ser Glu He Arg Gly He He He His Arg
15 10
He Glu Gly He 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:4: (i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 16 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(C) TOPOLOGY: LINEAR
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide

(xi) SEOUENCF, DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 4:
Asp Val Ser Asp Val Lys Gly Val Val Val His Lys
1 5 10
Val Asp Gly Val 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:5:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 16 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(C) TOPOLOGY: LINEAR
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:5:
Asp Phe Ser Asp Phe Lys Gly Phe Phe Phe His Lys
1 5 10
Phe Asp Gly Phe 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:6:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 15 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 6:
He Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys He
1 5 10
GJu Gly Tie 15

(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:7:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 15 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID MO: 7:
Met Thr Glu lie Arg Thr Val lie Val Thr Arg Met
1 5 10
Glu Thr Met 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:8:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 15 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: S£Q ID NO:8:
Leu Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys
15 10
Leu Glu Gly Val 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:9:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 15 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(U) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:9:

He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr Arg He
1 5 10
Glu Thr He 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:10:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 15 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:10:
Met. Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys Leu
15 10
Glu Gly Met 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:11:
(l) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 15 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:ll:
Leu Thr Glu Met Arg Thr Val He Val Thr Arg Met
15 10
Glu Thr Val 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:12:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 15 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide

;>:i) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 12:
lie Thr Glu lie Arg Thr Val lie Val Thr Arg He
1 5 10
Glu Thr He 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:13:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 15 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:13:
Met Ser Glu Met Lys Gly Val lie Val His Lys Met
1 5 10
Glu Gly Met 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:14:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 15 amino acias
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:14:
Leu Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr Arg Lou
15 10
Glu Thr Val 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:15:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 19 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: psptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:15:

He Ser lie Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His
1 5 10
Lys He Glu Gly He Leu Phe
15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:16:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 19 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:16:
He Ser Met Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
15 10
Arg Met Glu Thr Met Leu Phe 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:17:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 19 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:17:
He Ser Leu Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His
15 10
Lys Leu Glu Gly Val Leu Phe 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:18:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 19 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:18:
He Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
1 5 10
Arg He Glu Thr He Leu Phe

(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:19:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 19 aminn acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:19:
lie Ser Leu Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His
15 10
Lys Leu Glu Gly Met Leu Phe 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:20:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 19 amino acics
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:20:
He Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
15 10
Arg He Glu Thr He Leu Phe 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:21:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 19 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:21:
He Ser Met Ser Glu Met Lys Gly Val He Val His
15 10
Lys Met Glu Gly Met Leu Phe 15

(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:22:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 19 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:22:
lie Ser Leu Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val lie Val Thr
1 ' 5 10
Arg Leu Glu Thr Val Leu Phe 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:23:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 15 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:23:
Phe Phe Leu Leu Thr Arg He Leu Thr He Pro Gin
1 5 10
Ser Leu Asp 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:24:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 18 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:24:
Lys Lys Lys Phe Phe Leu Leu Thr Arg He Leu Thr
15 10
He Pro Gin Ser Leu Asp 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:25:

(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 14 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:25:
Phe Phe Leu Leu Thr Arg lie Leu Thr lie Pro Gin
15 10
Ser Leu
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:26:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 18 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:26:
Lys Lys Lys Leu Phe Leu Leu Thr Lys Leu Leu Thr
1 5 10
Leu Pro Gin Ser Leu Asp
15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:27:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 18 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:27:
Arg Arg Arg lie Lys lie He Thr Arg He He Thr
15 10
He Pro Leu Ser He Arg
15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:28:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 18 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear

(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:28:
Lys Lys Lys Val Arg Val Val Thr Lys Val Val Thr
15 10
Val Pro lie Ser Val Asp 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:29:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH; 18 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:29:
Lys Lys Lys Phe Phe Phe Phe Thr Lys Phe Phe Thr
15 10
Phe Pro Val Ser Phe Asp 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:30:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 18 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:30:
Lys Lys Lys Leu Phe Leu Leu Thr Lys Leu Leu Thr
1 5 10
Leu Pro Phe Ser Leu Asp
15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:31:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 18 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide

(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:31:
Lys Lys Lys lie He Thr He Thr Arg He He Thr
1 5 10
He He Thr Thr He Asp 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:32:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 17 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:32:
Lys Lys Lys He He Thr He Thr Arg He He Thr
1 5 10
He He Thr Thr He
15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:33:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 18 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:33:
Lys Lys Lys Met Met Thr Met Thr Arg. Met He Thr
15 10
Met He Thr Thr He Asp 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:34:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 16 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID. NO: 34:

Phe lie Thr Met Asp Thr Lys Phe Leu Leu Ala Ser
15 10
Thr His lie Leu 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:35:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 19 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:35:
Lys Lys Lys Phe lie Thr Met Asp Thr Lys Phe Leu
1 5 10
Leu Ala Ser Thr His lie Leu 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO: 36:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 27 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 36:
Leu Ser Glu lie Lys Gly Val lie Val His Arg Leu
1 5 10
Glu Gly Val Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu
15 20 •
Arg Pro Gly
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO: 37:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 28 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 37:
Asp Leu Ser Asp Leu Lys Gly Leu Leu Leu His Lvs

1 5 10
Leu Asp Gly Leu Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly
15 20
Leu Arg Pro Gly 25
!2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:38:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 28 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(13.) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:38:
Glu lie Ser Glu lie Arg Gly lie lie- lie His Arg
1 5 10
He Glu Gly lie Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly
15 20~
Leu Arg Pro Gly
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:39:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 28 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:39:
Asp Val Ser Asp Val Lys Gly Val Val Val His Lys
1 5 10
Val Asp Gly Val Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly
15 20
Leu Arg Pro Gly 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:40:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 28 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide

(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:40:
Asp Phe Ser Asp Phe Lys Gly Phe Phe Phe His Lys
15 10
Phe Asp Gly Phe Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly
15 20
Leu Arg Pro Gly 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:41:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 27 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:41:
He Ser Glu lie Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys He
15 10
Glu Gly lie Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu
15 20'
Arg Pro Gly 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:42:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 27 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:42:
Met Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr Arg Met
15 10
Glu Thr Met Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu
15 20
Arg Pro Gly 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:43:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 27 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear

;ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:43:
Leu Ser Glu lie Lys Gly val lie Val His Lys Leu
1 5 10
Glu Gly Val Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu
15 20
Arg Pro Gly 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:A4:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 27 amino acicis
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(li) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
[>:i) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:44:
lie Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val Ho Val Thr Arg He
1 5 10
Glu Thr He Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu
15 20'
Arg Pro Gly 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:45:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS: 'A) LENGTH: 45 amino acida (B) TYPE: amino acid (D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:45:
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
1 5 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe Gly Gly He Ser Glu He Lys Gly
15 20
Val He Val His Lys He Glu Gly He Gly Gly Glu
25 30 35
His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
40 45

[2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ 10 NO:46:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 45 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:46:
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
1 5 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe Gly Gly lie Thr Glu lie Arg Thr
15 20
Val He Val Thr Arg He Glu Thr He Gly Gly Glu
25 30 35
His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly 40
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:47:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 27 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:47:
Met Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys Leu
1 5 10
Glu Gly Met Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu
15 ' 20
Arg Pro Gly 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:48:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 27 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:48:

Leu Thr Glu Met Arg Thr Val lie Val Thr Arg Met
1 5 10
Glu Thr Val Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu
15 20
Arg Pro Gly
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:49:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 27 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ 10 NO:49:
lie Thr Glu lie Arg Thr Vai He Val Thr Arg lie
15 10
Glu Thr lie Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu
1 5 2 0
Arg Pro Gly 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:50:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 27 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:50:
Met Ser Glu Met Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys Met
15 10
Glu Gly Met Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu
15 20
Arg Pro Gly 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:51:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 27 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear

(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 51:
Leu Thr Glu lie Arg Thr Val lie Val Thr Arg Leu
15 10
Glu Thr Val Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu
15 20
Arg Pro Gly 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:52:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 45 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 52:
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
15 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe Gly Gly Leu Thr Glu lie Arg Thr
15 20
Val He Val Thr Arg Leu Glu Thr Val Gly Gly Glu
25 30 35
His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
40 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:53:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:53:
lie Ser lie Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His
15 10
Lys He Glu Gly He Leu Phe Gly Gly Glu His Trp
15 20
Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:54:

(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:54:
lie Ser Met Thr Glu lie Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
1 5 10
Arg Met Glu Thr Met Leu Phe Gly Gly Glu His Trp
15 ' 20
Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:55:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:55:
He Ser Leu Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His
15 10
Lys Leu Glu Gly Val Leu Phe Gly Gly Glu His Trp
15 20
Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:56:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:56:
He Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
15 10
Arg He Glu Thr He Leu Phe Gly Gly Glu His Trp
15 20
Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30

(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:57:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 49 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:57:
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
15 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe Gly Gly He Ser lie Ser Glu He
15 20
Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys He Glu Gly He Leu
25 30 35
Phe Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro
40 * 45 Gly
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:58:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS: 'A) LENGTH: 49 amino acias (B) TYPE: amino acid (D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:58:
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
15 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe Gly Gly He Ser He Thr Glu He
15 20
Arg Thr Val He Val Thr Arg He Glu Thr He Leu
25 30 3b
Phe Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro
40 45
Gly
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:59:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:59:

lie Ser Leu Ser Glu lie Lys Gly Val lie Val His
1 5 10
Lys Leu Glu Gly Met Leu Phe Gly Gly Glu His Trp
15 20
Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:60:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 47 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:60:
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
1 5 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe lie Ser lie Ser Giu lie Lys Gly
15 20
Val lie Val His Lys lie Glu Gly He Leu Phe Gly
25 30 35
Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arq Pro Gly
40
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:61:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:61:
He Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
15 10
Arg He Glu Thr He Leu Phe Gly Gly Glu His Trp
15 20
Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:62:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 49 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid

(D) TOPOLOGY: linear (11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:62:
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
1 5 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe Gly Gly He Ser He Thr Glu He
15 20
Arg Thr Val He Val Thr Arg He Glu Thr He Leu
25 30 35
Phe Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro
40 45
Gly
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:63:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 47 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: ammo arid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:63:
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
1 J 5 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe He Ser Met Ser Glu Met Lys Gly
15 20
Val He Val His Lys Met Glu Gly Met Leu Phe Gly
25 30 35
Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
40 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:64:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:64:
He Ser Leu Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
1 5 10
Arg Leu Glu Thr Val Leu Phe Gly Gly Glu His Trp
15 20
Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly

25 30
INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:65
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 27 ami no acids
(B) TYPE: amno acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:65
Phe Phe Leu Leu Thr Arg lie Leu Thr lie Pro Gin
1 5 10
Ser Leu Asp Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu
1 5 2 0
Arg Pro Gly
MFORMAT ION FOR SEQ ID NO:66
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 30 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 66
Lys Lys Lys Leu Phe Leu Leu Thr Lys Leu Leu Thr
1 5 10
Leu Pro Gin Ser Leu Asp Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser
15 - 20
Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:67
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 30 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:67 Arg Arg Arg lie Lys lie lie Thr Arg lie lie Thr

5 10
lie Pro Leu Ser lie Arg Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser
15 20
Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:68
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 30 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:68
Lys Lys Lys Val Arg Val Val Thr Lys Val Val Thr
1 5 10
Val Pro He Ser Val Asp Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser
15 20
Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:69
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 30 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:69
Lys Lys Lys Phe Phe Phe Phe Thr Lys Phe Phe Thr
15 10
Phe Pro Val Ser Phe Asp Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser
15 20
Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:70
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 30 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide

(>:i) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ J L) NO: 70
Lys Lys Lys Leu Phe Leu Leu Thr Lys Leu Leu Thr
1 5 10
Leu Pro Phe Ser Leu Asp Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser
15 20
Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 " 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:71:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 30 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:71:
Lys Lys Lys He He Thr He Thr Arg lie He Thr
1 5 10
lie He Thr Thr He Asp Gly Gly GJ u His Trp Ser
15 '20
Tyr: Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:72:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 29 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:72:
Lys Lys Lys He He Thr He Thr Arg He He Thr
15 10
He He Thr Thr He Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr
15 20
Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:73:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 30 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid

(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:73:
Lys Lys Lys Met Met Thr Met Thr Arg Met lie Thr
15 10
Met. lie Thr Thr lie Asp Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser
15 20
Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:74:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 28 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:74:
Phe lie Thr Met Asp Thr Lys Phe Leu Leu Ala Ser
1 5 10
Thr His He Leu Gly Gly Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly
15 20
Leu Arg Pro Gly 25
[2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:75:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 46 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:75:
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
15 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe Gly Gly Phe He Thr Met Asp Thr
15 20
Lys Phe Leu Leu Ala Ser Thr His He Leu Gly Gly
25 30 35
Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
40 45

? ) .1 N FO K M A T F O N FO R S F C' T D N O : 7 6 :
(i) :; E o u L: N c: E c H A R A c T ERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(li) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:76:
Lys Lys Lys Phe lie Thr Met Asp Thr Lys Phe Leu
1*5 10
Leu Ala Ser Thr His He Leu Gly Gly Glu His Trp
15 20
Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:77:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 10 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(li) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:77:
Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
15 10
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:78:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 16 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:78:
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
15 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:79:

(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 6 amino acids
(B) TYPE: diruno acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:79:
Pro Pro Xaa Pro Xaa Pro
1 5
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:80:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 14 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:80:
Ala Gly Cys Lys Asn Phe Phe Trp Lys Thr Phe Thr
1 ' 5 10
Ser Cys
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:81:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii).MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:81:
lie Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys He
1 5 10
Glu Gly He Gly Gly Ala Gly Cys Lys Asn Phe Ph
15 20
Trp Lys Thr Phe Thr Ser Cys
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:82:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid

(D) TOPOLOGY: linear (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:82:
Met Thr Glu lie Arg Thr Val lie Val Thr Arg Met
1 5 10
Glu Thr Met. Gly Giy Ala Gly Cys Lys Asn Phe Phe
15 20
Trp Lys Thr Phe Thr Ser Cys
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:83:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:33:
Leu Ser Glu lie Lys Gly Vai lie Val I!is Lys Leu
15 10
Glu Gly Val Gly Gly Ala Gly Cys Lys Asn Phe Pho
15 20
Trp Lys Thr Phe Thr Ser Cys
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:84:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:84:
Ala Gly Cys Lys Asn Phe Phe Trp Lys Thr Phe Thr
15 10
Ser Cys Gly Gly lie Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He
15 20,.
Val His Lys He Glu Gly He
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:85:

(.i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: M (B) TYPE: ammo acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:85:
Ala Gly Cys Lys Asn Phe Phe Trp Lys Thr Phe Thr
1 ' " 5 10
Ser Cys Gly Gly Met Thr Glu lie Arg Thr Val He
15 20
Val Thr Arg Met Gly Thr Met
25 30
INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO: 86:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: ammo acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:86:
Ala Gly Cys Lys Asn Phe Phe Trp Lys Thr Phe Thr
1 5 10
Ser Cys Gly Gly Leu Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He
15 20
Val His Lys Leu Glu Gly Val
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:87:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 34 arnino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:87:
Lys Lys Lys He He Thr He Thr Arg He He Thr
1 5 10
He He Thr Thr lie Asp Gly Gly Ala Gly Cys Lys
15 20
Asn Phe Phe Trp Lys Thr Phe Thr Ser Cys
25 30

(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:88:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 30 amino acids
(B) TYPE: ammo acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:88:
Cys Asn Gin Gly Ser Phe Leu Thr Lys Gly Pro Ser
1 5 10
Lys Leu Asn Asp Arg Ala Asp Ser Arg Arg Ser Leu
15 20
Trp Asp Gin Giy Asn Cys
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:89:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 47 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:89:
lie Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys He
1 5 10
Glu Gly He Gly Gly Cys Asn Gin Gly Ser Phe Leu
15 20
Thr Lys Gly Pro Ser Lys Leu Asn Asp Arg Ala Asp
25 30 35
Ser Arg Arg Ser Leu Trp Asp Gin Gly Asn Cys
40 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:90:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 47 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:90:

Met Thr Glu lie Arg Thr Val lie Val Thr Arg Met
3 5 10
Glu Thr Met Giy Gly Cys Asn Gin Gly Ser Phe Leu
15 20
Thr Lys Gly Pro Ser Lys Leu Asn Asp Arg Ala Asp
25 30 35
Ser Arg Arg Ser Leu Trp Asp Gin Gly Asn Cys
40 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:91:
(i) SEQUENCE'CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 47 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:91:
Leu Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys Leu
1 5 10
Glu Gly Val Gly Gly Cys Asn Gin Gly Ser Phe Leu
15 20
Tnr Lys Gly Pro Ser Lys Leu Asn Asp Arg Ala Asp
25 30 * 35
Ser Arg Arc Ser Leu Trp Asp Gin Gly Asn Cys
40 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:92:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 25 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:92:
Cys Gly Glu Thr Tyr Gin Ser Arg Val Thr His Pro
15 10
His Leu Pro Arg Ala Leu Met Arg Ser Thr Thr Lys
15 20
Cys 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:93:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS: (A) LENGTH: 46 amino acids

(B) TYPE: amino acid (D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:93:
lie Ser lie Ser Glu lie Lys Gly Val lie Val His
I 5 10
Lys lie Glu Gly lie Leu Phe Gly Gly Cys Gly Glu
15 20
Thr Tyr Gin Ser Arg Val Thr His Pro His Leu Pro
25 30 35
Arg Ala Leu Met Arg Ser Thr Thr Lys Cys
40 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:94:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 46 arnino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SF.Q ID MO: 94:
He Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val lie Val Thr
1 5 10
Arg He Glu Thr He Leu Phe Gly Gly Cys Gly Glu
15 2 0
Thr Tyr Gin Ser Arg Val Thr His Pro His Leu Pro
25 30 35
Arg Ala Leu Met Arg Ser Thr Thr Lys Cys
40 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:95:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 42 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:95:
He Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys He
15 10
Glu Gly He Gly Gly Cys Gly Glu Thr Tyr Gin Ser
15 20

Arg Val Thr His Pro His Leu Pro Arg Ala Leu Met
25 30 35
Arg Ser Thr Thr Lys Cys
40
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:96:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 42 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:96:
Met Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr Arg Met
] 5 10
Glu Thr Met Gly Gly Cys Gly Glu Thr Tyr Gin Ser
15 20
Arg Val Thr His Pro His Leu Pro Arg Ala Leu Met
25" 30 35
Arg Ser Thr Thr Lys Cys 40
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:97:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 42 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:97:
Leu Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys Leu
15 10
Glu Gly Val Gly Gly Cys Gly Glu Thr Tyr Gin Ser
15 20
Arg Val Thr His Pro -His Leu Pro Arg Ala Leu Met
25 30 35
Arg Ser Thr Thr Lys Cys
40
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:98:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 45 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid

(D) TOPOLOGY: linear (11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide (x.i) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 98:
Lys Lys Lys lie lie Thr He Thr Arg He lie Thr
1 5 10
He He Thr Thr He Asp Gly Gly Cys Gly Glu Thr
15 20
Tyr Gin Ser Arg Val Thr His Pro His Leu Pro Arg
25 30 35
Ala Leu Met Arg Ser Thr Thr Lys Cys
40 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:99:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 63 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: ami no acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:99:
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
1 5 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe Gly Gly Lys Lys Lys He He Thi
15 ' 20
He Thr Arg He He Thr He He Thr Thr He Asp
25 30 35
Gly Gly Cys Gly Glu Thr Tyr Glr. Ser Arg Val Thr
40 45
His Pro His Leu Pro Arg Ala Leu Met Arg Ser Thr
50 55 60
Thr Lys Cys
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:100:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 38 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:100:
Arg His Lys Gin Lys lie Val Ala Pro Val Lys Gin
15 10

Thr Leu Pro Pro Scr Va] Pro Asn Leu I\rq Gly Asp
15 20
Leu Gin Val Leu Ala Gin Lys Val Ala Arg Thr Pro
25 30 35
Cys Gly
(2) INFORMAT ION FOR SEQ ID NO:101:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 56 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: ami.no acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
{xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:101:
Lys Lys Lys lie He Thr He Thr Arg He He Thr
1 5 10
He He Thr Thr He Asp Gly Gly Cys Lys Tyr Gly
15 20
Glu Asn Ala Val Thr Asn Val Arg Gly Asp Leu Gin
25 30 " 35
Val Leu Ala Gin Lys Ala Ala Arg Cys Leu Pro' Thr
40 45
Ser Phe Asn Tyr Gly Ala He Lys
50 55
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:102
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 72 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(li) MOLECULE TYPF.: pept i de
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:102
Thr Ala Lys Ser Lys Lys Phe Pro Ser Tyr Thr Ala
15 10
Thr Tyr Gin Phe Gly Gly Lys Lys Lys He He Thr
15 20
He Thr Arg He He Thr He He Thr Thr He Asp
25 30 35
Gly Gly Cys Thr Tyr Gly Thr Gin Pro Ser Arg Arg
40 45
Gly Asp Met Ala Ala Leu Ala Gin Arg Leu Ser Arg
50 55 60
Cys Leu Pro Thr Ser Phe Asn Tyr Gly Ala Val Lys
65 10

(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:103
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 4 amino acids
(B) TYPE,: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:103 Asn Ala Ash Pro 1
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO: 104
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 36 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 104
lie Ser lie Ser Glu lie Lys Cly Val :ie Val His
1 5 10
Lys lie Glu Gly lie Leu Phe Lys Asn Ala Asn Pro
15 20
Asn Ala Asn Pro Asn Ala Asn Pro Asn Ala Asn Pro
25 30 35
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO: 105
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 36 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 105
lie Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
15 10
Arg lie Glu Thr He Leu Phe Lys Asn Ala Asn Pro
15 20
Asn Ala Asn Pro Asn Ala Asn Pro Asn Ala Asn Pro
25 30 35

(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:106
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 26 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:106
&rg Asp Gly Phe Leu Leu Leu Gin Met Asp Phe Gly
15 10
Phe Pro Glu His Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser
15 20
Leu Ser 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:107
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 16 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:107
Phe Gly Phe Pro Glu His Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu
15 10
Gin Ser Leu Ser 15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:108
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 16 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:108
Phe Gly Phe Pro Lys His Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu
15 10
Gin Ser Leu Ser 15

(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 26 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(>:i) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 109
Leu Asp Gly Cys Leu Leu Leu Gin Met Asp Phe Gly
1 5 10
Phe Pro Lys His Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser
15 20"
Leu Ser 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:110
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 46 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:110
He Ser 'He Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His
j 5 10
Lys He Glu Gly He Leu Phe Lys Arg Asp Gly Phe
15 20
Leu Leu Leu Gin Met Asp Phe Gly Phe Pro Glu His
25 30 . 35
Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser Leu Ser
40 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:111
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 46 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:111
He Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Th -

1 5 10
Arq lie Glu Thr lie Leu Phe Lys Arg Asp Gly Phe
15 20
Leu Leu Leu Gin Met Asp Phe Gly Phe Pro Glu His
25 30 35
Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser Leu Ser
40 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:112
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 36 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(x.i) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 112
lie Ser He Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His
1 5 10
Lys lie Glu Gly He Leu Phe Lys Phe Gly Phe Pro.
15 20
Glu His Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser Leu Ser
25 30 35
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:113
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 36 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ'ID NO:113
He Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
15 10
Arg He Glu Thr He Leu Phe Lys Phe Gly Phe Pro
15 20
Glu His Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser Leu Ser
25 30 35
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:114
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 35 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear

(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:114
Lys Lys Lys He He Thr He Thr Arg He He Thr
] " ^ 5 10
He He Thr Thr He Asp Lys Phe Gly Phe Pro Glu
15 20
HJS Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser Leu Ser
25 30 35
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:115
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 36 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:115
He Ser Leu Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
1 5 10
Arg Leu Glu Thr Val Leu Phe Lvs Phe Gly Phe Pro
15 20
Glu His Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser Leu Ser
25 30 35
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:116
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 36 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
{xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:116
He Ser He Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His
15 10
Lys He Glu Gly He Leu Phe Lys Phe Gly Phe Pro
15 20
Lys His Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Ley Gin Ser Leu Ser
25 30 ' 35
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:117

(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 36 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: ammo acid
(!)) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SLQ ID NO:117
lie Ser lie Thr Glu lie Arg Thr Val He Val Th::
1 5 10
Arg He Glu Thr He Leu Phe Lys Phe Gly Phe Pro
15 20
Lys His Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser Leu Ser
2 j 30 35
(2) IN FORMAT I ON FOR SEQ ID NO:118
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 46 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: ammo acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
U>) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(:-:i) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 118
He Ser He Sei Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His
1 5 10
Lys He Giu Gly He Leu Phe Lys Leu Asp Gly Cys
15 20
Leu Leu Leu Gin Met Asp Phe Gly Phe Pro Lys His
25 30 35
Leu Leu Val Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser Leu Ser
40 . 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:119
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 46 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ IDNO:119
He Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
1 5 10
Arc He Glu Thr He Leu Phe Lys Leu Asp Gly Cys

15 20
L.M; L*-u i.oii Gill Mi-.-l A;;p Pho Gly i'ho Pto L,y:, Hi
2i> 30 35
Leu Leu Va1 Asp Phe Leu Gin Ser Leu Ser
40 45
(2) INFORMATION FOR ~EQ ID NO:120:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 35 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:120:
lie Ser lie Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His
I 5 . 10
Lys He Glu Gly lie Leu Phe Pro Pro Xaa Pro Xaa
15 20
Pro Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30 35
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:121:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 35 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:121:
He Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
15 10
Arg He Glu Thr He Leu Phe Pro Pro Xaa Pro Xaa
15 20
Pro Glu His Trp Ser Tyr Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30 35
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:122:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 34 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide

(j) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 122:
Lys Lys Lys lie He Thr He Thr Arg He He Thr
1 5 10
lie He Thr Thr He Asp Pro Pro Xaa Pro Xaa Pro
15 20
Glu His Trp Ser Tyi Gly Leu Arg Pro Gly
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:123:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS: (V) LENGTH: 19 amino acids (B) TYPE: amino acid (D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:123:
lie Ser Leu Thr Glu He Arc; Thr Val He Val Thr
i 5 " 10
Arg Leu Giu Thr Val Leu Phe
15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:124:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 19 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(Xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:124:
He Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
1 5 " 10
Arg He Glu Thr He Leu Phe
15
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:125:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide

(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 125:
Glu Ser Val Glu lie Asn Cys Thr Arg Pro Asn Asn
15 10
Asn Thr Arg Lys Ser lie Arg lie Gly Pro Gly Gin
15 20
Ala Phe Tyr Ala Thr Gly Asp
25 30
;2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:126:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 51 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix.j FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified s:te
(B) LOCATION: 22
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /;-,o:.e- ";e-N)Lys"
(:•::.} SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SL'Q I !?• NO:] 26:
lie Ser lie Ser Glu lie Lys G.v Val Ho Val His
1 5 10
Lys lie Glu Gly lie Leu Phe Xaa Glu Ser Val Glu
15 20
lie Asn Cys Thr Arg Pro Asn Asn Asn Thr Arg Lys
25 30 35
Ser lie Arg He Gly Pro Gly Gin Ala Phe Tyr Al,.
40 48
Thr Gly Asp 50
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:127:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 51 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 22
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note= "(e-N)Lys"

(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 127:
IK' :; 15 10
Arg lie Glu Thr lie Leu Phe Xaa Glu Ser Val Glu
15 20
He Asn Cys Thr Arg Pro Asn Asn Asn Thr Arg Lys
25 30 35
Ser lie Arg He Gly Pro Gly Gin Ala Phe Tyr Ala
40 AS
Thr Gly Asp
so'
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:128:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS: (A) LENGTH: 51 ammo acids ( B i T Y P E : a m i n o a c i d (D) TOPOLOGY: linear
in) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 20
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note- "(e-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:128:
He Ser Leu Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
1 5 10
Arg Leu Glu Thr Val Leu Phe Xaa Glu Ser Val Glu
" 15 20
lie Asn Cys Thr Arg Pro Asn Asn Asn Thr Arg Lys
25 30 35
Ser He Arg He Gly Pro Gly Gin Ala Phe Tyr Ala
40 48
Thr Gly Asp 50
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:129:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 51 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A NAME/KEY: Modified site

(B) LOCATION: 20
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note= "(e-N)Lys"
i) .SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 129:•:
lie Ser lie Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val lie Val Thi
5 10
Arg tie Glu Thr Val He Phe Xaa Glu Ser Val Glu
15 20
He Asn Cys Thr Arg Pro Asn Asn Asn Thr Arg Lys
25 30 35
Ser He Arg He Gly Pro Gly Gin Ala Phe Tyr Ala
40 48
Thr Gly Asp 50
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:130:
(i) SKQUENCK CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 9 ammo acids

(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:130
Lys Ser Ser Lily Lys Leu He Ser Leu
I 5'
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:131:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS: (A) LENGTH: 9 amino acids (E) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
taij MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi]} SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 131:
Cys Asri Gly Arq Leu Tyr Cvs Gly Pro
I "5
(2) IN FORMAT ION FOR SEQ ID NO: 132:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS: (A) LENGTH: 10 ammo acids
(E) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(i i) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide . (xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:132:
Cys Gly Thr Lys Leu Val Cys Phe Ala Ala
15 10
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:133:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS: (A) LENGTH: 9 amino acids (EO TYPE: amino acid (D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:133:

Lys Arc] lie Val lie Gly Pro Gin Thr
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:134:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 9 amii.o acids
(B) TYPE: ammo acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:134:
Cys Ala Gly Gly Leu Thr Cys Ser Val
1 5
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:135:
(!) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 11 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(11) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:135:
Cys Ser Gly Arg Leu Tyi Cys His Glu Ser Trp
1 5 10
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:136:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 29 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 10
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note- "(e-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:136:
Lys Ser Ser Gly Lys Leu lie Ser Leu Xaa lie Ser
15 10
lie Ser Glu lie Lys Gly Val lie Val His Lys lie

15 20
Glu Gly lie Leu Phe
25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:137:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 29 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
CD) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(IX) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 10
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note= "(e-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:137:
Lys Ser Ser Gly Lys Leu lie Ser Leu Xaa lie Ser
1 '5 10
lie Thr Glu lie Arg Thr Vai lie Val Thr Arc: He
15 20
Glu Thr He Leu Phe
!2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:138:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 29 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide.
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 10
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note= "(e-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:138:
Cys Asn Gly Arg Leu Tyr Cys Gly Pro Xaa He Ser
l" 5 10
He Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys He
15 20
Glu Gly He Leu Phe

SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS: (A) LENGTH: 29 ammo acids (&) TYPE: amino acid
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 10
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note= "(e-N)Lys"
(XL) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:139:
Cys Asri Gly Arg Leu Tyr Cys Gly Pro Xaa lie Se .
1 5 10
He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val lie Val Thr Arg lie
1 b 20
GJu Thr lie Leu Phe
(:) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 30 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: ammo acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 11
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note= "(e-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:140:
Cys Gly Thr Lys Leu Val Cys Phe Ala Ala Xaa He
1 5 10
Ser He Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys
15 20
He Glu Gly He Leu Phe
25 30
12) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:141:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 30 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid

(L'0 TOPOLOGY: linear (ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(x) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 11
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note= "(e-N)Lys"
SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:141:
Cys Gly Thr Lys Leu Val Cys Phe Ala Ala Xaa He
1 S 10
Ser lie Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr Arg
15 '20
He Glu Thr lie Leu Phe
2b 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:142:
(:) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 29 ammo acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 10
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note= "(e-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:142:
Lys Arg He Val He Gly Pro Gin Thr Xaa He Ser
1 5 . 10
lie Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val He Val His Lys He
15 20
Glu Gly He Leu Phe 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:143:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 29 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide (ix) FEATURE:

(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 10
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note- "(e-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:143:
Lys Arg He Val He Gly Pro Gin Thr Xaa He Ser
15 10
He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr Arg He
15 20
Glu Thr He Leu Phe 25
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:144:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 29 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(.;>:) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site-IB) LOCATION: 10
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /nore= "(c-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:144:
Cvs Ala Gly Gly Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Xaa He Ser
T 5 10
He Ser Glu He Lys Gly Val lie Val His Lys He
15 20
Glu Gly Tie Leu Phe
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:145:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 29 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 10
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note=."(e-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:145:

Cy;, Ala GJ y Gly Leu Thr Cys Ser Val Xaa lie Sor
1 5 10
Thr Glu lie Arq Thr Val He Val Thr Arg 'lie
15 20
Glu Thr lie Leu Phe
INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:146:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS: (A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids (b) TYPE: amino acid (D) TOPOLOGY: linear
!i.i) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(Ei) LOCATION: 12
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note= "(e-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO: 146:
Cvs Ser Gly Arg Leu Tyr Cys His Glu Ser Trp Xaa
1 5 10
He Ser He Ser Glu lie Lys Gly Val He Val His
15 20
Lys lie Glu Gly He Leu Phe
25 30
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO:147:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 31 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 12
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note= "(e-N)Lys"
*
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:147:
Cys Ser Gly Arg Leu Tyr Cys His Glu Ser Trp Xaa
l 5 10
He Ser lie Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr

(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 50 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 20
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note= "(e-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE' DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID N0:150:
lie Ser Leu Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val lie Val Thr
I 5 10
Arg Leu Glu Thr Val Leu Phe Xaa Glu Ser Val Glu
15 20
lie Asn Cys Thr Arg Pro Asn Asn Asn Thr Arg Lys
25 30 35
Ser lie Arg lie Gly Pro Gly Gin Ala Phe Tyr Ala
40 48
Thr Gly 50
(2) INFORMATION FOR SEQ ID NO: 151:
(i) SEQUENCE CHARACTERISTICS:
(A) LENGTH: 50 amino acids
(B) TYPE: amino acid
(D) TOPOLOGY: linear
(ii) MOLECULE TYPE: peptide
(ix) FEATURE:
(A) NAME/KEY: Modified site
(B) LOCATION: 20
(C) OTHER INFORMATION: /note- "(e-N)Lys"
(xi) SEQUENCE DESCRIPTION: SEQ ID NO:151:
He Ser He Thr Glu He Arg Thr Val He Val Thr
1 5 10
Arg He Glu Thr Val He Phe Xaa Glu Ser Val Glu
15 20
He Asn Cys Thr Arg Pro Asn Asn Asn Thr Arg Lys
25 30 35
Ser He Arg He Gly Pro Gly Gin Ala Phe Tyr Ala
40 48
Thr Gly 50




We claim:
1. A peptide immunogen represented by the formula:
(Formula Removed)
wherein:
A is an amino acid or a general immunostimulatory sequence, where n is more than one, the individual A's may be the same or different; B selected from the group consisting of amino acids, Gly-Gly, (ε -N)Lys, Pro-Pro-Xaa-Pro-Xaa-Pro, -NHCH(X)CH2SCH2CO-, -NHCH(X)CH2SCH2CO(ε-N)Lys-, -NHCH(X)CH2S-succinimidyl(ε-N)Lys-,-NHCH(X)CH2S-(succinimidly)-, and HCH(X)CH2 SCH2CO-;
Th is an artificial helper T cell epitope selected from the group of SEQ ID NOS: 6-22,124, 31-35 and an analog thereof;
"Target antigenic site" is selected from the group consisting of a B cell epitope, a peptide hapten, and a immunologically reactive anaolog thereof;
X is amino acid a-COOH or CONH2;
n is from 1 to 10;
m is from 1 to 4; and
o is from 0 to 10.
2. A peptide immunogen as claimed in claim 1 wherein the immunostimulatory sequence is SEQ ID NO: 78.
3. A peptide immunogen as claimed in claim 1 wherein B is Gly-Gly.
4. A peptide immunogen as claimed in claim 1 wherein B is (ε -N)Lys.
5. A peptide immunogen as claimed in any proceeding claim wherein the Target Antigen Site is the Plasmodium falciparum repeating antigen: (Asn-Ala-Asn-Pro)p
(SEQ ID NO: 103).
6. A peptide immunogen as claimed in claim 5 wherein p=4.
7. A peptide immunogen as claimed in claim 5 selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 104, and 152.
8. A peptide immunogen as claimed in any of the claims 1 to 4 wherein the Target Antigen site is selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NO: 106,107,108, and 109, an epitope of CETP.
9. A peptide immunogen as claimed in claim 8 selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 110-118, and 119.
10. A peptide immunogen as claimed in any of the claims 1 to 4 wherein the Target Antigen site is selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOS: 125,131,132, 133,134, and 135, an epitope of HIV.
11. A peptide immunogen as claimed in claim 10 selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 126-129, and 136-151.
12. A peptide immunogen as claimed in claim 11 selected from the group consisting of SEQ ID NOs: 148-151.
13. A method for producing a peptide immunogen as claimed in any of the
preceding claims by covalently linking a T helper cell epitope to a target antigenic site selected from the group consisting of B cell epitopes of an antigen and a peptide hapten.
14. A method for producing a peptide immunogen as claimed in claim 13 further
linking the covalently linked T helper cell epitope and target antigenic site to an immunostimulatory sequence.

Documents:

636-DELNP-2006-Abstract-(09-02-2011).pdf

636-delnp-2006-abstract.pdf

636-delnp-2006-assignment.pdf

636-DELNP-2006-Claims-(09-02-2011).pdf

636-delnp-2006-claims.pdf

636-delnp-2006-correspondence-others 1.pdf

636-delnp-2006-Correspondence-Others-(03-12-2010).pdf

636-DELNP-2006-Correspondence-Others-(09-02-2011).pdf

636-delnp-2006-Correspondence-Others-(11-03-2011).pdf

636-delnp-2006-Correspondence-Others-(18-11-2010).pdf

636-delnp-2006-Correspondence-Others-(25-05-2010).pdf

636-DELNP-2006-Correspondence-Others-(25-08-2010).pdf

636-delnp-2006-correspondence-others.pdf

636-delnp-2006-Description (Complete)-(25-05-2010).pdf

636-delnp-2006-description (complete).pdf

636-delnp-2006-form-1.pdf

636-DELNP-2006-Form-13-(09-02-2011).pdf

636-delnp-2006-Form-13-(18-11-2010).pdf

636-delnp-2006-form-18.pdf

636-delnp-2006-form-2.pdf

636-delnp-2006-Form-3-(03-12-2010).pdf

636-delnp-2006-Form-3-(25-05-2010).pdf

636-delnp-2006-form-3.pdf

636-delnp-2006-form-5.pdf

636-DELNP-2006-GPA-(25-08-2010).pdf

636-DELNP-2006-Petition 137-(09-02-2011).pdf


Patent Number 247691
Indian Patent Application Number 636/DELNP/2006
PG Journal Number 18/2011
Publication Date 06-May-2011
Grant Date 02-May-2011
Date of Filing 07-Feb-2006
Name of Patentee UNITED BIOMEDICAL, INC.
Applicant Address 25 DAVIDS DRIVE, HAUPPAUGE, NY 11788, U.S.A.
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 WANG, CHANG, YI 47 SNAKE HILL ROAD, COLD SPRING HARBOR, NY 11724, U.S.A.
PCT International Classification Number A61K 45/00
PCT International Application Number PCT/US99/13975
PCT International Filing date 1998-06-20
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 09/100,412 1998-06-20 U.S.A.