Title of Invention

IMPROVED STRAINER FOR CLEANING FIBROUS SUSPENSIONS

Abstract Strainer (1) for fibrous suspensions, comprising a container (2), a filtering basket (3; 21, 22) inside the container (2) and a rotor (4; 15, 16) inside the filtering basket (3; 21, 22) coupled to motorization means (7) suited to set it rotating. In the container (2) there are a drain chamber (35) of the rejected suspension, a delivery chamber (25, 27) of the filtered suspension, and a collector body (30) arranged in the upper part of the container (2). The collector body (30) comprises a lower collector (37) and an upper collector (38), both with radial longitudinal profile in the shape of a truncated cone and connected to each other in correspondence with the long bases (37a, 38a). The lower collector (37) has its short base (37b) facing the filtering basket (3; 21, 22) and the upper collector (38) has its short base (38b) facing upwards.
Full Text BACKGROUND OF THE INVENTION
The invention concerns an improved strainer, particularly suitable for cleaning
fibrous suspensions by separating the foreign bodies and the impurities that
contaminate them.
The strainer object of the invention is designed to be used in particular in the
papermaking sector, above all for cleaning aqueous suspensions of fibres
deriving from recycled paper.
It is known that to remove the contaminants present in the aqueous
suspensions of fibres used in the papermaking industry, and in particular in the
suspensions obtained from maceration paper, special strainers are used, in
which the suspension is filtered by making it pass through baskets provided
with filtering surfaces.
The completely filtered suspension that comes out is usually indicated as
"accepted" suspension.
It can be easily understood that while the clean suspension flows through the
filtering surface the contaminants tend to concentrate on the same filtering
surface.
In order to counteract this tendency, a fair percentage of suspension is
drained, so that it brings along the contaminants and in such a way as to
reduce to the minimum the time during which they remain in contact with the
filtering surface, thus preventing them from accumulating thereon.
The suspension containing contaminants mixed with a considerable quantity of
fibre constitutes the so-called "rejected" suspension and is processed in
correspondence with strainers arranged according to a "cascade" layout, each
one of which recovers part of the fibre in the "accepted" suspension outlet and
concentrates the contaminants in the "rejected" suspension line.
These strainers are called primary, secondary, tertiary and so on, until the last
one, called "final", from which the contaminants are definitively removed
together with a small quantity of fibre.
The strainer chain is usually constituted by three units, which may also be four
in the case of considerable production quantities.
Due to the increasingly higher concentration of contaminants and of
increasingly longer fibre, the latter being the most sought after and the most
difficult to be recovered, present in the suspension during the treatment
involving passage from one strainer to the other, these operate with different
characteristics in terms of suspension density and of the speed at which the
suspension passes through the filtering surface.
Furthermore, due to the concentration of contaminants, the "accepted"
suspension lines deriving from each strainer become less and less clean and
cannot proceed and be added to the main "accepted" suspension line of the
primary strainer.
For this reason the suspension must be re-processed in the immediately
preceding strainer and this involves considerable complexity of the system,
which must include intermediate containers, stirrers, pumps, tubes, various
types of valves, accessories for intermediate dilutions, control instruments and,
last but not least, much space and energy.
The drawbacks of these systems are clear and they derive above all from the
high costs met by the paper mill for the purchase, installation and maintenance
of several strainers.
In order to overcome the drawbacks mentioned above, manufacturers offer the
market improved strainers that group into single machines the functions
performed by several machines, thus allowing the size of the systems and
installation, management and maintenance costs to be reduced.
These strainers are big machines that beside the advantages described above
also have a drawback represented by the fact that the filtering elements with
which they are provided aren't all in the same operating conditions and
therefore tend to get clogged very easily.
Patents are known, which describe different products aiming to solve the
problem posed by the clogging of the filtering surfaces of the strainers.
Patent US 2002/0069985 partly solves the above mentioned problem through
the implementation of a strainer whose filtering surface comprises two
overlapping filtering baskets, wherein the upper basket has the shape of a
truncated cone with its tapered part converging upwards.
Two drain pipes for the "rejected" suspension are provided, which are
arranged at different axial distances with respect to the bottom of the machine,
while the "accepted" suspension is extracted near the bottom, through a
delivery pipe positioned directly above the "rejected" suspension outlet pipes.
Patents EP 0 931 875 and WO 02/064884, both registered in the name of the
same applicant that files this patent application, solve the problem represented
by the clogging of the filtering element, by shaping the rotors according to
special profiles and in particular through protruding blades with wing-shaped
profile that during rotation generate a vacuum condition in correspondence
with the filtering surface, thus facilitating the detachment of the impurities.
Patent US 6,360,897 solves the problem represented by clogging and
improves the filtering action by dividing the entire throughput of the suspension
to be filtered into two annular chambers that are independent of each other.
Patent US 6,311,850 improves the filtering action by using a rotor whose outer
surface is provided with protruding elements, the profile of which varies
according to their position with respect to the bottom of the rotor and which
therefore act in a differentiated way on the fibrous suspension that becomes
increasingly thicker near the bottom.
Patents US 5,318,186 and EP 1 122 358 describe a strainer in which the
filtering action is improved through the pre-filtering of the suspension at the
strainer inlet.
Patent US 0,139,723 describes a strainer in which the filtering action is
improved by using two filtering baskets positioned in series.
Finally, patent WO 94/16141 describes a strainer in which the filtering action is
improved by using segregation chambers that separate the large-sized
contaminants, for example stones or other macroscopic impurities, before they
make contact with the filtering surface of the strainer.
All the strainers described in the mentioned patents achieve the goal to reduce
the clogging of the filtering elements, but, like conventional strainers, they must
be installed in the processing line after a machine called "high/medium density
cleaner", substantially comprising a centrifugal cleaner that removes most of
the heavy contaminants, which are abrasive by nature and therefore reduce
the operating life of the filtering surfaces.
Centrifugal cleaners, however, do not have any effect on very small-sized
contaminants, which are drawn by the viscous fluid of high/medium density
and do not migrate towards the periphery of the vortex due to the centrifugal
action generated by the centrifugal cleaner, as is the case, instead, with heavy
and large-sized contaminants.
Such light and small-sized contaminants, if they are not intercepted by the
filtering surfaces of the screen where they create a damage in any case, are
successively removed by centrifugal cleaners that operate where the
suspension density is sufficiently low, for example in the flotation area.
The high/medium density centrifugal cleaners remove neither light
contaminants, which usually do not create damages due to their abrasive
action, nor contaminants with filaments, whose specific weights don't usually
differ much from those of water and cellulose fibre.
They are strips of fabric, strips of plastic, strips and knots of paper chemically
treated as water-repellent that during the kneading phase hasn't been
sufficiently disaggregated.
The damage due to the presence of such contaminants with filaments inside
the strainer is represented by their tendency to overlap and accumulate
wherever there are protruding surfaces, typically on the edges of the
wing-shaped surfaces of the rotors or of the connection elements that connect
the wing-shaped surfaces to the body of the rotor.
The presence of these contaminants with filaments reduces the performance
levels of the strainer, in terms of both throughput and production of secondary
contaminants originating from the fragmentation due to abrasion against the
filtering surfaces that are usually rough in order to ensure proper
microturbulence near the precisely sized openings.
In addition to their positive characteristics, concerning:
- capacity to filter large throughputs of fibrous suspension to reduce the number of machines to be installed in the system;
- capacity to reduce to the minimum the throughput of "rejected" suspension, in such a way as to limit its processing to a single final unit;
- capacity to limit and if possible prevent the clogging of the various filtering surfaces,
the strainers mentioned above, however, have the drawback that they don't offer the following advantages, if not in a limited and in any case non-selective manner:
- capacity to intercept and separate abrasive contaminants, usually heavy, even if small-sized, before the suspension makes contact with the filtering surface;
- capacity to intercept and separate fragile contaminants, usually light, even if small-sized, before the suspension makes contact with the filtering surface, in order to prevent their fragmentation, being in fact well known that the energetic stirring action produced by the strainer rotor in order to
keep the filtering surface clean produces the so-called secondary
contaminants; - capacity to intercept and separate the contaminants with filaments,
preventing their stagnation in the area included between the rotor and the
filtering surface. The drawback of the known strainers mentioned above is constituted by the fact that none of them offers all the listed characteristics together. The present invention aims to implement an improved strainer with rotor having all the characteristics mentioned above together, while these characteristics can be found only separately in the mechanical strainers mentioned above. SUMMARY OF THE INVENTION
In particular, it is a first aim of the invention to achieve an improved strainer for cleaning fibrous suspensions that allows the heavier contaminants to be intercepted and eliminated before the suspension to be cleaned makes contact with the filtering surfaces and abrades them.
It is a further aim of the invention to achieve a strainer that makes it possible to intercept and eliminate even the lighter contaminants, usually fragile, before the suspension to be cleaned makes contact with the rotor that may fragment them even more.
It is a further aim of the invention that the strainer should also make it possible to reduce the percentage of usable fibres that in the known strainers are separated and eliminated as "rejected" suspension together with impurities and contaminants.
It is a further aim to achieve a strainer with self-cleaning filtering surfaces. Another aim of the invention is to achieve a strainer capable of cleaning and filtering greater throughputs of fibrous suspensions compared to the known strainers equivalent to it.
It is a further aim that the strainer object of the invention, compared to the known strainers, allows fibrous suspensions with a higher content of coarse contaminants to be treated.
Last, but not least aim of the invention is to achieve a strainer with reduced tendency to get clogged by thread-like contaminants compared to the known strainers. The aims mentioned above have been achieved through the implementation of
a strainer for fibrous suspensions that, according to the main claim, comprises:
- a substantially cylindrical container defining a vertical longitudinal axis;
- at least one substantially cylindrical filtering basket, positioned coaxially inside said container;
- at least one rotor positioned coaxially inside said filtering basket and comprising an essentially cylindrical body provided with shaped blades protruding from its outer lateral surface;
- motorization means coupled with said cylindrical body to set said rotor rotating;
- a collector body positioned in the upper part of said container to define a collector chamber for said fibrous suspension to be cleaned;
- at least one inlet pipe for said suspension to be cleaned and at least one outlet pipe for the contaminants separated from said fibrous suspension, both connected to said collector body;
- at least one drain chamber for the rejected suspension, positioned in the lower part of said container and connected to at least one drain pipe;
- at least one delivery chamber for the filtered suspension, included in the air space created between said filtering basket and said container and connected to at least one delivery pipe,
and wherein said collector body comprises a lower collector and an upper collector with substantially circular cross section, both with radial longitudinal profile in the shape of a truncated cone and connected with each other in correspondence with the long bases, wherein said lower collector has the short base facing the filtering basket and said upper collector has the short base facing upwards.
Advantageously, the strainer object of the invention makes it possible to reduce the size of the systems, guaranteeing the same throughput of processed suspension, thanks to the fact that it carries out several functions that are generally carried out by several strainers combined with auxiliary equipment, such as centrifugal cleaners, for example.
Advantageously, the strainer object of the invention also makes it possible to reduce the percentage of rejected fibre compared to the known strainers. Still to advantage, the strainer object of the invention makes it possible to obtain a higher degree of cleanliness of the suspension to be treated, above all eliminating the contaminants with filaments.
Another advantage is represented by the fact that the strainer object of the
invention is less subject to wear than the known strainers.
BRIEF DESCRIPTION OF THE DRAWINGS
The aims and advantages mentioned above will be illustrated in greater detail
in the description of a particular embodiment of the invention, given below with
reference to the enclosed drawings, wherein:
- FIG. 1 shows a longitudinal section of the strainer object of the invention;
- FIG. 2 shows the longitudinal section of FIG. 1, in which the flows of the fibrous suspension and of the contaminants during the operation of the strainer are highlighted;
- FIG. 3 shows the cross section of the strainer of FIG. 2 according to the vertical sectioning plane Ill-Ill;
- FIG. 4 is a view of FIG. 3 according to a lateral direction;
- FIG. 5 is an axonometric view of a detail of FIG. 1. DESCRIPTION OF THE INVENTION
The strainer object of the invention is represented in longitudinal section in
FIGs. 1 and 2, where it is indicated as a whole by 1.
It comprises a substantially cylindrical container 2 defining a vertical
longitudinal axis X, in which there is a filtering basket, indicated as a whole
by 3, containing a rotor indicated as a whole by 4.
The container 2, the filtering basket 3 and the rotor 4 are coaxial to one
another according to axis X.
The rotor 4 comprises a substantially cylindrical body 5 provided with
protruding blades 6, connected to motorization means, indicated as a whole
by 7, that set the rotor 4 rotating around the vertical longitudinal axis X.
Said motorization means 7 comprise an electric motor 8 supported by a
bracket 9 connected to the container 2 and a kinematic unit, indicated as a
whole by 10, comprising a first pulley 11 keyed to the motor 8, a second pulley
12 keyed to a spindle 14 coaxial to the rotor 5 and driving belts 13 wound as a
closed ring around the pulleys 11 and 12.
In another embodiment the motorization means may have a different
configuration and be provided, for example, with kinematic units and motor
different from those illustrated and described.
As regards the rotor 4, it can be observed in FIGs. 1 and 2 that according to
the embodiment of the invention described herein it comprises an upper rotor
15 and a lower rotor 16 coaxial to each other according to axis X and arranged
one after the other, each one of which is constituted, respectively, by an upper
cylindrical body 17 with upper protruding blades 18 and by a lower cylindrical
body 19 with lower protruding blades 20.
The upper cylindrical body 17 and the lower cylindrical body 19 are coaxially
connected through pins 17a and 19a and define, as a whole, the cylindrical
body 5.
The pins 17a, 19a are in turn connected to the spindle 14 supported by the
bottom of the container 2 and belonging, as already said, to the motorization
unit 7.
It can be observed that also the filtering basket, indicated as a whole by 3, is
divided in two parts comprising an upper filtering basket 21 containing the
upper rotor 15 and a lower filtering basket 22 containing the lower rotor 16,
axially spaced from each other to define a dilution chamber 23 that
communicates with a dilution water inlet pipe 24.
In this way, in correspondence with each filtering basket 21, 22, the upper
delivery chamber 25 provided with an upper delivery pipe 26 and, respectively,
the lower delivery chamber 27 provided with a lower delivery pipe 28 are
defined, in which the fibrous suspension filtered by the filtering baskets and
called "accepted" suspension is collected.
The upper 25 and lower 27 delivery chambers are thus positioned on opposite
sides with respect to the dilution chamber 23.
In the upper part of the container 2 there is a collector body indicated as a
whole by 30 that defines a collecting chamber 31 suited to contain the fibrous
suspension to be cleaned, said collector body 30 being connected to an inlet
pipe 32 for the fibrous suspension to be cleaned and a first and a second
outlet pipe, indicated by 33 and 34, respectively, visible in particular in FIGs. 3
and 4, both suitable for removing the contaminants that are separated from the
fibrous suspension during the operation of the strainer from the collector
chamber 31.
In the lower part of the container 2 a drain chamber 35 is finally defined, in
which the "rejected" suspension is collected, and to which a drain pipe 36 is
connected.
According to the invention, the collector body 30 comprises a lower collector
37 and an upper collector 38, both with radial longitudinal profile in the shape
of a truncated cone and connected with each other in correspondence with the
long bases 37a, 38a, wherein the lower collector 37 has its short base 37b
facing the filtering basket 3 and the upper collector 38 has its short base 38b
facing upwards.
In this way the collector chamber 31 is divided into an upper collector chamber
31a corresponding to the upper collector 38 and a lower collector chamber 31b
corresponding to the lower collector 37.
According to the favourite embodiment of the invention described herein, the
collector body 30 is made in a single piece, however, in a different embodiment
it may comprise the lower collector 37 and the upper collector 38 independent
of each other and connected through connection means of the known type
during the assembly of the strainer.
As to the outlet pipes for the contaminants present in the fibrous suspension to
be cleaned, it can be observed in FIGs. 3 and 4 that the first outlet pipe 33
serves to remove the heavy contaminants and is tangentially connected to the
collector body 30 in correspondence with the annular area 39 in which the long
base 37a of the lower collector 37 is connected to the long base 38a of the
upper collector 38.
As regards, instead, the second outlet pipe 34, it serves to remove the light
contaminants and is positioned coaxial to the axis X of the strainer and
centrally with respect to a truncated-cone shaped hood 40 having the long
base 40a connected to the short base 38b of the upper collector 38 and the
short base 40b connected to the above mentioned second outlet pipe 34.
The inlet pipe 32 for the suspension to be cleaned is tangentially connected to
the upper collector 38 and defines a longitudinal horizontal direction Y that is
orthogonal to the direction defined by the vertical longitudinal axis X of the
strainer 1 and by the second outlet pipe 34.
Furthermore, said direction Y is also orthogonal and coplanar to the direction
defined by the horizontal longitudinal axis Z of the first outlet pipe 33,
positioned tangential to the circular profile of the cross section of the upper
collector 38.
It can also be observed that the inlet pipe 32 is connected to a feed pipe 41
through a truncated-cone shaped union indicated by 42 having its side surface
43 converging in the direction of flow indicated by the arrow I.
As regards the upper rotor 15 and the lower rotor 16, they are visible in detail
in the drawing of FIG. 5 that is the axonometric view of one of them and
represents them both.
It can be observed that each protruding blade 18, 20 comprises a wing-shaped
surface indicated as a whole by 45 and a connection element 46 connecting
the wing-shaped surface 45 to the cylindrical body 17,19.
The direction of rotation of the rotors around axis X given by the motorization
unit 7 is indicated by the arrow W.
It can be observed that in each one of the protruding blades 18, 20 the front
edges 47 of each wing-shaped surface 45 and the front edge 48 of each
connection element 46, also called connection edges and constituted by all the
points that during the rotation of the rotor are the first to make contact with the
fibrous suspension, are inclined in the direction opposite the direction of
rotation W of the rotor.
In other words, with reference to FIG. 5, each front edge 47, 48 forms an acute
angle 47a, 48a with any direction H, K defined by the intersection of the
protruding blade 18, 20 with any vertical sectioning plane a, p passing through
the rotation axis X of the rotor.
The front edge 47, 48 is thus receding in the direction opposite the rotation of
direction W of the rotor and this prevents the contaminants with filaments from
getting stuck in and accumulating on the blades during the rotation of the rotor.
In particular, most of the wing-shaped surfaces that form the blades develop
towards the bottom of the container and therefore the contaminants with
filaments present in the fibrous suspension tend to slide preferably towards the
drain chamber 35 where the drain pipe 36 is positioned.
To allow the process to be controlled, the truncated cone-shaped union 42 and
the delivery pipes 26, 28 and the drain pipe 36, or the respective chambers 25,
27 and 35, are equipped with pressure sensors 42a, 26a, 28a and 36a,
respectively, connected to a control unit 50 provided with known storage
means, in which the software controlling the operation of the strainer is
inserted.
From an operational point of view, the suspension to be cleaned enters the
collector body 30 of the strainer with direction i, through the inlet pipe 32
connected to the feed pipe 41 through the truncated cone-shaped union 42.
The truncated cone-shaped union 42 accelerates the suspension inside the
collector body 30 and any heavy contaminating bodies present in the
suspension acquire energy and due to the action of the centrifugal force are
positioned tangential to the inclined walls of the lower collector 37 and upper
collector 38.
Substantially, the collector body 30 serves as centrifugal cleaner and it is
important that the suspension enters the collector body 30 at high speed, in
such a way as to favour the circulation of the heavier contaminants tangentially
to the periphery of the collector body 30.
In particular, the heavy contaminants, with reference to FIG. 4, circulate
tangentially in the annular area 39 defined between the long base 37a of the
lower collector 37 and the long base 38a of the upper collector 38 and exit
through the first outlet pipe 33 in which they enter owing to the tangential
speed deriving from the angular speed of rotation of the collector body 30 and
through which they pass in the direction indicated by the arrow V1.
To facilitate the separation of the heavier contaminants, it is important that the
speed at which the suspension to be cleaned enters the collector body 30 be
substantially equal to the peripheral speed of the protruding blades of the rotor
4 and approximately equal to 10 m/sec.
It is advisable to size the section of the inlet pipe 32 and the cross section of
the collector body 30 so that the fibrous suspension that is introduced remains
inside the collector body itself for a time sufficient to cover it tangentially for at
least ten turns, which is deemed to be the optimal value to obtain a better
separation of the contaminants of the fibrous suspension compared to that
obtainable with strainers of the known type.
During the circular motion of the fibrous suspension in the collector body 30,
any light contaminants of small volume present in it are not accelerated
tangentially and tend to float.
They are thus positioned at the centre of the collector body 30, where they are
intercepted by the second outlet pipe 34 and flow out in the direction indicated
by the arrow V2.
The centrifuged and pre-cleaned fibrous suspension flows axially down
between the rotor 4 and the rotating basket 3, where it is further centrifuged
and filtrated while passing through the rotating basket 3.
It thus enters, as "accepted" suspension, the delivery chambers 25, 27, from
which it is sent away in the directions U1, U2 through the delivery pipes 26, 28,
respectively.
The fibrous suspension that remains inside the strainer continues to go down
towards the bottom of the container 2, until reaching the drain chamber 35,
where it makes up the so-called "rejected" suspension, and is then sent away
in the direction U3 through the drain pipe 36.
To limit the presence of fibre in the rejected suspension as much as possible,
the rotor 4 is divided into the upper rotor 15 and the lower rotor 16, in such a
way as to define in the strainer two areas in which the fibrous suspension
being processed has different densities.
In particular, the density in the lower area is higher than in the upper area, and
the presence of the dilution chamber 23 between the upper rotor 15 and the
lower rotor 16 allows said higher density to be corrected by introducing dilution
water.
It is this configuration that makes it possible to improve the efficiency of the
strainer, thus recovering, compared to equivalent strainers of the known type,
a greater quantity of fibre in the accepted suspension and consequently
reducing the quantity of fibre present in the rejected suspension.
The presence of the pressure sensors makes it possible to take pressure
values, compare them with the reference pressure values and, through the
control unit 50, modify the dilution of the suspension being treated or the
throughput of the suspension entering the collector body 30, in such a way as
to maintain the density of the suspension being treated within optimal values
for the filtering process.
In particular, the control of the pressure values allows also the degree of
clogging of the filtering baskets to be monitored.
Thus, for example, owing to the software present in the control unit 50, any
clogging of the drain pipe 36 is detected by the sensor 36a as an increase in
pressure localized in that point and this requires a corrective measure
consisting in the reduction in the throughput of fibrous suspension delivered
into the collector body 30.
If, on the other hand, it is the pressure sensor 28a positioned in
correspondence with the lower delivery pipe 28 that detects an increase in
pressure localized in that point, this indicates that the lower basket 22 is
clogged and requires a corrective measure consisting in the increased dilution
of the fibrous suspension being processed, which is obtained by increasing the
throughput of water introduced in the dilution chamber 23.
The above description shows that the strainer object of the invention achieves
ail the goals set.
First of all, the presence of the collector body divided in two collectors, a lower
one and an upper one with opposing tapering, makes it possible to carry out a
pre-cleaning of the fibrous suspension, previously eliminating more heavy and
light contaminants than is possible with strainers of the known type and any
centrifugal cleaners.
In particular, the previous elimination of the light contaminants before the
actual filtering operation through the filtering baskets avoids their fragmentation
and therefore the possibility of finding them in the accepted suspension after
fragmentation.
Furthermore, the division of the rotor into several rotors coaxial to and spaced
from one another allows the quantity of fibre present in the rejected suspension
to be reduced, compared to equivalent strainers of the known type, and
therefore allows the productivity of the strainer to be optimized by increasing
the quantity of fibre recovered.
The continuous monitoring of the pressures also allows the operation of the
strainer to be optimized, by facing some anomalous situations that may be
created in correspondence with the pipes or the filtering baskets due to
clogging or overloads.
Any contaminants with filaments present in the suspension don't tend to stop
and accumulate on the rotors, since the particular configuration of the front
edges of the protruding blades, which are inclined backwards with respect to
the direction of rotation of the rotor, don't constitute any coupling point.
In addition to this, the more effective and quicker removal of the contaminants
reduces rubbing against the walls of the strainer, which therefore is more
protected against wear.
Upon implementation the strainer object of the invention may be carried out
with shapes different from those described and illustrated.
In particular, it may be constructed in any size and be provided with a rotor
comprising more than two rotors, if necessary even different from those
described.
It is understood, however, that these variants and any other variants, if
included within the scope of the following claims, are certainly to be considered
protected by this patent.
WE CLAIM:
1) Strainer (1) for fibrous suspensions, comprising:
- a substantially cylindrical container (2) defining a vertical longitudinal axis (X);
- at least one substantially cylindrical filtering basket (3; 21, 22) positioned coaxially inside said container (2);
- at least one rotor (4; 15, 16) positioned coaxially inside said filtering basket (3; 21, 22) and comprising an essentially cylindrical body (5; 17, 19) provided with protruding blades (6; 18, 20);
- motorization means (7) coupled with said cylindrical body (5; 17, 19) to set said rotor (4; 15, 16) rotating;
- a collector body (30) positioned in the upper part of said container (2) to define a collector chamber (31) for said fibrous suspension to be cleaned;
- at least one inlet pipe (32) for said suspension to be cleaned and at least one outlet pipe (33, 34) for the contaminants separated from said fibrous suspension, both connected to said collector body (30);
- at least one drain chamber (35) for the rejected suspension, positioned in the lower part of said container (2) and connected to at least one drain pipe (36);
- at least one delivery chamber (25, 27) for the filtered suspension, included in the air space created between said filtering basket (3; 21, 22) and said container (2) and connected to at least one delivery pipe (26, 28),
wherein said collector body (30) comprises a lower collector (37) and an upper collector (38) with substantially circular cross section, both with radial longitudinal profile in the shape of a truncated cone and connected to each other in correspondence with the long bases (37a, 38a), wherein said lower collector (37) has the short base (37b) facing said filtering basket (3; 21, 22) and said upper collector (38) has the short base (38b) facing upwards.
2) Strainer (1) as claimed in claim 1, wherein said at least one outlet pipe (33, 34) of said contaminants comprises:
- a first outlet pipe (33) tangentiaily connected to said collector body (30) in correspondence with the area (39) in which said long base (38a) of said upper collector (38) is connected to said long base (37a) of said lower collector (37);
- a second outlet pipe (34) associated to the short base (40b) of a truncated cone-shaped hood (40) having its long base (40a) connected to said short base (38b) of said upper collector (38).
3) Strainer (1) as claimed in claim 2, wherein said first outlet pipe (33) defines a horizontal longitudinal direction (Z) tangential to the circular profile of the cross section of said upper collector (38) and orthogonal to said vertical longitudinal direction (X) defined by said container (2).
4) Strainer (1) as claimed in claim 2, wherein said second outlet pipe (34) is arranged coaxially to said short base (40b) of said truncated cone-shaped hood (40).
5) Strainer (1) as claimed in claim 1, wherein said inlet pipe (32) is tangentially connected to said upper collector (38) and defines a horizontal longitudinal direction (Y) of movement of said fibrous suspension entering said collector body (30).
6) Strainer (1) as claimed in claim 5, wherein said inlet pipe (32) is connected to a feed pipe (41) through a truncated cone-shaped union (42) with inclination converging towards said inlet pipe (32).
7) Strainer (1) as claimed in claim 1, wherein said at least one rotor comprises:
- an upper rotor (15) comprising an upper cylindrical body (17) and upper protruding blades (18);
- a lower rotor (16) comprising a lower cylindrical body (19) and lower protruding blades (20),
said rotors (15, 16) being contained in said filtering basket (3) in correspondence with said at least one delivery chamber (25, 27) and being connected one after the other, coaxial to each other according to said vertical longitudinal axis (X).
8) Strainer (1) as claimed in claim 7, wherein said filtering basket (3) comprises an upper filtering basket (21) containing said upper rotor (15) and a lower filtering basket (22) containing said lower rotor (16), said filtering baskets (21, 22) and said rotors (15, 16) being spaced according to said vertical longitudinal axis (X) to define between them a dilution chamber (23) communicating with a dilution water inlet pipe(24).
9) Strainer (1) as claimed in claim 7, wherein said at least one delivery chamber comprises:
- an upper delivery chamber (25) arranged in correspondence with said upper filtering basket (21) and provided with an upper delivery pipe (26);
- a lower delivery chamber (27) arranged in correspondence with said lower filtering basket (22) and provided with a lower delivery pipe (28).
10) Strainer (1) as claimed in claim 1, wherein each one of said protruding blades (6; 18, 20) of said rotor (4; 15, 16) comprises:
- a wing-shaped surface (45) that develops parallel to said vertical longitudinal axis (X);
- a connection element (46) that connects said wing-shaped surface (45) to said cylindrical body (5; 17, 19) of said rotor (4; 15, 16).
11) Strainer (1) as claimed in claim 10, wherein the front edge (47) of said wing-shaped surface (45) and the front edge (48) of said connection element (46) form an acute angle (47a, 48a) with any direction (H, K) defined by the intersection of the respective protruding blade (18, 20) with any vertical sectioning plane (a, p) passing through said rotation axis (X) of said rotor.
12) Strainer (1) as claimed in claim 1, wherein it is provided with pressure sensors (42a, 26a, 28a, 36a) connected to at least one control unit (50).
13. Strainer for fibrous suspensions, substantially as herein described, particularly with reference to the accompanying drawings.

Strainer (1) for fibrous suspensions, comprising a container (2), a filtering basket (3; 21, 22) inside the container (2) and a rotor (4; 15, 16) inside the filtering basket (3; 21, 22) coupled to motorization means (7) suited to set it rotating. In the container (2) there are a drain chamber (35) of the rejected suspension, a delivery chamber (25, 27) of the filtered suspension, and a collector body (30) arranged in the upper part of the container (2). The collector body (30) comprises a lower collector (37) and an upper collector (38), both with radial longitudinal profile in the shape of a truncated cone and connected to each other in correspondence with the long bases (37a, 38a). The lower collector (37) has its short base (37b) facing the filtering basket (3; 21, 22) and the upper collector (38) has its short base (38b) facing upwards.

Documents:

765-KOL-2004-ABSTRACT.pdf

765-KOL-2004-AMANDED CLAIMS.pdf

765-KOL-2004-ASSIGNMENT.1.3.pdf

765-kol-2004-assignment.pdf

765-kol-2004-claims.pdf

765-KOL-2004-CORRESPONDENCE 1.1.pdf

765-KOL-2004-CORRESPONDENCE 1.2.pdf

765-KOL-2004-CORRESPONDENCE 1.3.pdf

765-KOL-2004-CORRESPONDENCE.1.3.pdf

765-KOL-2004-CORRESPONDENCE.pdf

765-KOL-2004-DESCRIPTION (COMPLETE).pdf

765-KOL-2004-DRAWINGS.pdf

765-KOL-2004-EXAMINATION REPORT.1.3.pdf

765-KOL-2004-FORM 1.pdf

765-KOL-2004-FORM 18.1.3.pdf

765-kol-2004-form 18.pdf

765-KOL-2004-FORM 2.pdf

765-KOL-2004-FORM 3.1.3.pdf

765-KOL-2004-FORM 3.pdf

765-KOL-2004-FORM 5.1.3.pdf

765-KOL-2004-FORM 5.pdf

765-KOL-2004-GPA.1.3.pdf

765-kol-2004-gpa.pdf

765-KOL-2004-GRANTED-ABSTRACT.pdf

765-KOL-2004-GRANTED-CLAIMS.pdf

765-KOL-2004-GRANTED-DESCRIPTION (COMPLETE).pdf

765-KOL-2004-GRANTED-DRAWINGS.pdf

765-KOL-2004-GRANTED-FORM 1.pdf

765-KOL-2004-GRANTED-FORM 2.pdf

765-KOL-2004-GRANTED-LETTER PATENT.pdf

765-KOL-2004-GRANTED-SPECIFICATION.pdf

765-KOL-2004-OTHERS.1.3.pdf

765-KOL-2004-OTHERS.pdf

765-KOL-2004-PRIORITY DOCUMENT.1.3.pdf

765-kol-2004-priority document.pdf

765-KOL-2004-REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT.1.3.pdf

765-KOL-2004-REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT.pdf

765-kol-2004-specification.pdf

765-KOL-2004-TRANSLATED COPY OF PRIORITY DOCUMENT.1.3.pdf

765-kol-2004-translated copy of priority document.pdf


Patent Number 247475
Indian Patent Application Number 765/KOL/2004
PG Journal Number 15/2011
Publication Date 15-Apr-2011
Grant Date 11-Apr-2011
Date of Filing 29-Nov-2004
Name of Patentee COMER S.P.A.
Applicant Address 36030 SAN VITO DI LEGUZZANO (VI) VIA VICENZA, 13-Z.I.
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 DAL MASO GIANCARLO 36015 SCHIO (VI), VICOLO LEOGRETTA, 6
PCT International Classification Number D21B 1/32,D21C 5/02
PCT International Application Number N/A
PCT International Filing date
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 VI2004A000230 2004-09-29 Italy