Title of Invention

MEDICAMENT DISPENSER

Abstract There is provided a sheet driver (218a) for use in a medicament dispenser including a medicament carrier (100) having a plurality of pockets (104) for containing medicament wherein said pockets (104) are spaced along the length of and defined between first and second sheets (110, 112) secured to each other and separable by drivable pulling action, the sheet driver (218a) comprising a base (220); ascending from the base (200), a shaft (230) defining a rotational axis; on the base (220), a drive surface (225) for receipt of drive to rotate the base (220) about the rotational axis; about the shaft (230), a torsion spring (240) defining first and second spring legs (242, 244); mounting about the shaft (230) and the torsion spring (240) for rotation about the rotational axis, a hub (250) defining a hub surface for receipt of a sheet (110, 112) of the medicament carrier (100). A first leg receiver (224) of the base (220) receives the first spring leg (242) of the torsion spring (240) and a second leg receiver (252) of the hub (250) receives the second spring leg (244) of the torsion spring (240) such that relative rotation of the base (220) and the hub (250) results in tensioning of the torsion spring (240).
Full Text Medicament dispenser
Technical field
The present invention relates to a sheet driver component for use in a medicament
dispenser for dispensing medicament, in which medicament in powder or tablet form
is carried by an elongate blister strip comprising a base sheet having pockets
defined therein and a lid sheet provided thereto.
Background to the invention
The use of inhalation devices in the administration of medicaments, for example in
bronchodilation therapy is well known. Such devices generally comprise a body or
housing within which a medicament carrier is located. A known inhalation device has
a medicament carrier in the form of an elongate blister strip containing a number of
discrete doses of medicament in powder or tablet form. The elongate blister strip
comprises a base sheet having pockets defined therein and a lid sheet provided
thereto, wherein the base sheet and lid sheet are peelably separable to allow access
to the contents of each pocket. Such devices typically contain a mechanism of
accessing these doses comprising peeling means for peeling the lid sheet away from
the base sheet. The medicament is thereby made available for delivery to the
patient.
Suitable peeling means are positioned to peel apart a base sheet and a lid sheet of a
pocket at an opening station of the device. The peeling means typically includes a
(lid or base) sheet driver for pulling apart a lid sheet from a base sheet of a pocket
that has been received at the opening station. In one aspect, the sheet driving
means comprises a fixed-diameter wheel on which the (e.g. lid) sheet is wound, the
wheel having an effective winding surface, the diameter of which increases as more
(e.g. lid) sheet is wound about said wheel.

A problem encountered with the use of such a fixed-diameter wheel as the sheet
driver for driving a sheet of a medicament carrier is that as the sheet winds up
around the wheel the effective winding diameter of the wheel increases, and
therefore its effective lateral pulling action (i.e. length of pull) also increases. This is
problematic because it is desirable that on actuation, a definable pull action is
experienced by the medicament carrier pocket at the opening station to ensure that a
generally uniform indexing / opening effect is experienced by each pocket of the
medicament carrier. In general terms, insufficient pull action will result in failure to
open up the pocket whilst excess pull will put stress on the mechanical components
and increase the force required to actuate the dispenser.
A solution to the above problem has been proposed in Applicant's PCT Patent
Application No. WO 03/035509, in which compensating means are provided to
compensate for any increase in the diameter of the effective winding surface of the
wheel during use of the dispenser and thereby to ensure that said medicament
carrier is uniformly indexed upon each actuation of said dispensing mechanism.
The Applicant has now found that a (lid or base) sheet driver having the form of a
hub incorporating compensating means in the form of a central shaft-mounted
torsion spring provides particularly effective compensation for this increase in
diameter.
Summary of the invention
According to one aspect of the present invention there is provided a sheet driver for
use in a medicament dispenser including a medicament carrier having a plurality of
pockets for containing medicament wherein said pockets are spaced along the
length of and defined between first and second sheets secured to each other and
separable by drivable pulling action, said sheet driver comprising

(a) a base;
(b) extending from said base, a shaft defining a rotational axis;
(c) at said base, a drive surface for receipt of drive to rotate the base about said
rotational axis;
(d) about said shaft, a torsion spring defining first and second spring legs;
(e) mounting about the shaft and said torsion spring for rotation about the
rotational axis, a hub defining a hub surface for receipt of a sheet of said
medicament carrier,
wherein a first leg receiver of the base receives said first spring leg of the torsion
spring and a second leg receiver of said hub receives said second spring leg of the
torsion spring such that relative rotation of the base and the hub results in tensioning
of the torsion spring.
The present invention provides a sheet driver for use in a medicament dispenser
including a medicament carrier having a plurality of pockets for containing
medicament wherein said pockets are spaced along the length of and defined
between first and second sheets secured to each other and separable by drivable
pulling action.
The sheet driver comprises a base, typically of circular form (e.g. disc-shaped).
Extending (e.g. ascending) from the base, there is provided a shaft. The shaft may
be formed integral with the base or it may be provided as a separate part to the base
for fixing thereto. The shaft defines a rotational axis about which the hub is rotatable.

Provided at the base, there is a drive surface for receipt of drive to rotate the base
about the rotational axis. Suitably, the base has circular form and the drive surface
extends circumferentially about the base.
Preferably, the drive surface is geared (i.e. defines a gearing surface), although
other types of drive surfaces are envisaged including those responsive to frictional
and belt drives.
In one aspect, the drive surface is integral with the base. Suitably, the base defines a
rim and the drive surface is provided to the rim.
In another aspect, the drive surface is provided to a separate part, which associates
with the base.
In a particular aspect, the drive surface is provided to a ring that fits over and is
received by (e.g. engaged by) a rim of the base. Suitably, the drive surface is
provided to the outer circumferential surface of the ring.
In one embodiment, the inner circumferential surface of the ring is also provided with
gearing and the base is provided with a ratchet arm such that the base and ring are
in ratcheted engagement. Such ratcheted engagement provides that the ring may
only be rotated relative to the base in one rotational sense (e.g. only clockwise or
only anti-clockwise) with rotation in the other rotational sense being prevented by the
ratchet interaction between inner, geared surface of the ring and the ratchet arm of
the base.
About said shaft, there is provided a torsion spring. The term 'spring' herein is used
to mean any resilient spring-like means, which may be tensioned. The torsion spring
defines first and second spring legs that typically extend away (e.g. protrude) from
the ends (e.g. top and bottom) of the spring.

Suitably, the spring is a coiled spring. In one aspect, the spring legs protrude away
from the spring in a direction perpendicular to the rotational axis defined by the coils
of the spring. In another aspect, the spring legs protrude away from the spring in a
direction parallel to the rotational axis defined by the coils of the spring.
Mounted about the shaft and the torsion spring for rotation about the rotational axis,
there is provided a hub defining a hub surface for receipt of a lid or base sheet,
preferably lid sheet of said medicament carrier. The hub generally fits over the
torsion spring and shaft. The hub itself has a fixed diameter, although its effective
winding diameter (i.e. wheel plus thickness of lid or base sheet wound there around)
will vary in use as a sheet is accommodated thereby. The hub is typically of solid
construction and essentially incompressible in nature, at least about its diameter.
In aspects, the hub is mounted about the shaft such that it is rotatable in either a
clockwise or anti-clockwise sense relative to the base, and hence such that the
torsion spring may also be tensed in one or other sense.
Suitably, the hub is provided with means for engaging the end of a sheet.
In one aspect, the engaging means comprise surface markings or coatings provided
to the hub to enhance the frictional contact between the hub and the sheet.
In another aspect, loop-engaging means (e.g. a peg, hook, notch or slot) are
provided to the hub for engaged receipt of a looped end of a sheet.
The torsion spring of the sheet driver herein, acts to compensate for any increase in
the diameter of the effective winding surface of the fixed-diameter hub during
winding of sheet thereabout. It is therefore essential that the sheet driver allow for
tensioning of the torsion spring. Accordingly, a first leg receiver of the base receives
the first spring leg of the torsion spring and a second leg receiver of the hub receives

the second spring leg of the torsion spring such that relative rotation of the base and
the hub results in tensioning of the torsion spring.
In a preferred aspect, the hub and the base are provided with a lock for mutually
locking the rotation of the hub relative to the base. Suitably, the lock locates at a
defined rotational spacing from a start position at which the torsion spring is not
tensioned, and the or each locking position (i.e. when lock is engaged) thereby
defines a known tensioning of the torsion spring.
In one aspect, variation of the 'locking position' is achievable by variation of the leg
angle defined by the spring leg(s) of the torsion spring.
To apply a known tension to the torsion spring, the hub is therefore rotated (either
clockwise or anti-clockwise) from the start position to a particular locking position, at
which the lock engages.
In one aspect, the hub is provided with a locking pin receivable by one or more
locking pin receivers of the base. In another aspect, the base is provided with a
locking pin receivable by one or more locking pin receivers of the hub.
According to another aspect of the present invention there is provided a medicament
dispenser for use with medicament carrier having a plurality of pockets for containing
medicament wherein said pockets are spaced along the length of and defined
between first and second sheets secured to each other and separable by drivable
pulling action, said dispenser having an internal dispensing mechanism for
accessing said medicament contained within said medicament carrier, said
mechanism comprising,
a) an opening station for receiving a pocket of said medicament carrier;

b) peeling means positioned to engage a base sheet and a lid sheet of a pocket
which has been received in said opening station for peeling apart such a base sheet
and lid sheet, to open such a pocket, said peeling means including a sheet driver as
described hereinbefore for pulling apart a lid sheet and a base sheet of a pocket that
has been received at said opening station;
c) an outlet, positioned to be in communication with an opened pocket through
which a user can remove medicament from such an opened pocket; and
d) indexer for indexing in communication with said outlet, pockets of a
medicament carrier in use with said medicament dispenser, said indexer being
interconnected with said sheet driver such that movement of one correlates with the
movement of the other.
According to a further aspect of the present invention there is provided a
medicament dispenser for use with plural medicament carriers, each having a
plurality of pockets for containing medicament wherein said pockets are spaced
along the length of and defined between first and second sheets secured to each
other and separable by drivable pulling action, said dispenser having an internal
dispensing mechanism for accessing said medicament contained within each of said
plural medicament carriers, said mechanism comprising,
a) an opening station for receiving a pocket of each of said plural medicament
carriers;
b) peeling means positioned to engage a base sheet and a lid sheet of a pocket
which has been received in said opening station for peeling apart such a base sheet
and lid sheet, to open such a pocket, said peeling means including a sheet driver as
described hereinbefore for pulling apart a lid sheet and a base sheet of a pocket that
has been received at said opening station;

c) an outlet, positioned to be in communication with an opened pocket through
which a user can remove medicament from such an opened pocket; and
d) indexer for indexing in communication with said outlet, pockets of each of said
plural medicament carriers in use with said medicament dispenser, said indexer
being interconnected with said sheet driver such that movement of one correlates
with the movement of the other.
The sheet driver comprises a fixed-diameter hub on which said base or lid sheet,
preferably lid sheet is wound, said hub having an effective winding surface, the
diameter of which increases as more sheet is wound about said hub.
The torsion spring acts to compensate for any increase in the diameter of the
effective winding surface of the fixed-diameter hub during use of the dispenser and
to thereby ensure that said medicament carrier is uniformly indexed upon each
actuation of said dispensing mechanism. The torsion spring also acts to ensure that
a minimum peeling force between the base sheet and lid sheet is present during
actuation of the dispensing mechanism.
In particular, the torsion spring act such as to vary the drive function characteristics
of the hub to compensate for any increase in the diameter of the effective winding
surface of the hub during use of the dispenser. Thereby, the medicament carrier is
uniformly indexed (i.e. typically indexed by the same length of strip) as a result of
each actuation of the dispensing mechanism, and the pocket opening action
experienced by the strip is also uniform.
The medicament dispenser herein is suitable for use with a medicament carrier
having a plurality of pockets for containing medicament wherein said pockets are
essentially uniformly spaced along the length of and defined between two peelably
separable sheets secured to each other. The medicament carrier is generally in the
form of an elongate, peelable blister strip.

It will have been appreciated that the torsion spring functions such as to compensate
for an increase in the diameter of the effective winding surface of the wheel during
use of the dispenser. It will be appreciated that the initial effective winding surface
and associated initial drive 'speed' of the hub is principally a function of the (fixed)
initial diameter of the hub. Variations are envisaged herein where that initial effective
winding surface is selected to define particularly selected initial drive characteristics
of the hub.
In one variation sometimes called 'one way take up' mode, the initial effective
winding surface is selected such as to initially provide ideal (i.e. uniform) indexing of
the medicament carrier. As lid sheet winds up around the hub the effective winding
surface increases and the torsion spring acts such as to compensate for that
increase.
In another variation sometimes called 'two way take up' mode, the initial effective
winding surface is selected such as to initially provide non-ideal (i.e. non-uniform)
indexing of the medicament carrier because the diameter of the hub is insufficiently
great. As lid sheet winds up around the hub the effective winding surface increases
to an ideal diameter and then on further winding up continues to increase to a non-
ideal (i.e. too great diameter). In this embodiment it will be appreciated that the
degree and nature of compensation provided by the torsion spring will vary over the
winding up function. The torsion spring initially acts such as to compensate for the
insufficient wheel diameter. That compensation then decreases to zero at the point
where the diameter of the effective winding surface is ideal. The compensation then
progressively acts such as to compensate for a too great effective winding surface.
This approach has the advantage of overall reducing the (average) compensating
torsion force experienced by the medicament carrier from a defined zero (i.e. the
ideal) and enables the use of less powerful tensioning means (e.g. a smaller torsion
spring). In a preferred aspect of this variation, the ideal effective winding surface
diameter is selected to correspond approximately to the point at which half of the lid

sheet is wound up on the hub, in which case the average (i.e. mean) compensating
action experienced is by the carrier over a full usage cycle is close to zero.
Suitably, said indexer comprises a rotatable index wheel having recesses therein,
said index wheel being engageable with a medicament carrier in use with said
medicament dispenser such that said recesses each receive a respective pocket of
the base sheet of a medicament carrier in use with said medicament dispenser.
Alternatively, said index means may comprise an indexing ratchet which is moveable
between a locked position whereby said ratchet engages a pocket on said
medicament carrier and prevents further peeling thereof, and a release position
allowing free movement of said medicament carrier, and actuation of said
medicament dispenser actuates said sheet driver and releases said index ratchet
from said medicament carrier to allow peeling thereof.
Suitably, the medicament dispenser further comprises an indexing lever for actuating
said dispenser wherein said indexing lever is interconnected with said indexer and/or
said sheet driver.
In one aspect, the sheet driver and/or the indexer are operated by an electronic drive
system. The electronic drive system may also be used in conjunction with a
mechanical drive system.
The electronic drive typically comprises a motor, preferably an electrically powered
motor. The motor may provide linear or rotary drive, but in general, rotary motors are
most suitable. The motor may for example, comprise a DC electric motor, a
piezoelectric (PZ) motor, an ultrasonic motor, a solenoid motor or a linear motor.
Preferably, the electronic drive system comprises a DC motor, a PZ motor or an
ultrasonic motor.

Suitably, the peeling means additionally comprises a guide for guiding the lid sheet
and base sheet along separate paths at the opening station. The lid sheet is passed
around the guide portion onto the sheet driver.
Suitably, the guide comprises a roller mechanism. The lid sheet is fed over the
rollers onto the sheet driver.
Suitably, the internal mechanism additionally comprises a first chamber in which the
strip is initially housed and from which it is dispensed and a second chamber to
receive the used portion of the base sheet after it has been indexed and separated
from the lid sheet.
Suitably, a wall separates the first chamber and second chamber. In one aspect, the
wall is movable to adjust the size of said first and second chambers. In another
aspect, the wall is flexibly movable to adjust the size of the first and second
chambers. In a further aspect, the second chamber is expandable to create space
for the growing coil of the used portion of the base sheet.
Suitably, the internal mechanism further comprises a third chamber to receive the
used portion of the lid sheet and a fourth chamber that houses the indexer. The
fourth chamber may communicate via a slit, which in turn extends upwardly within a
mouthpiece or exit channel and communicates with air inlets.
Suitably, the internal mechanism additionally comprises a crushing wheel to crush
the medicament pockets after the medicament has been removed from them. The
crushing wheel therefore reduces the space, which the used portion of the base
sheet takes up.
Typically, the internal mechanism for accessing said medicament contained within
said medicament carrier is housed within a cassette.

In one aspect, the invention provides a medicament dispenser for dispensing
medicament comprising: a body; a holder, shaped to fit within said body and
movable relative to said body; and receivable by said holder, said cassette
containing said medicament carrier.
Suitably, movement of the holder relative to the body results in movement of the
cassette between a first position and a second position such that the cassette is
reversibly removable from the holder when the cassette is in the second position.
Suitably, the first position comprises a dispensing position. Preferably the second
position comprises a non-dispensing position. The cassette is therefore only
removable from the holder when the cassette is in the non-dispensing position.
Suitably, the holder and body include attaching means to attach the holder to the
body. Preferably said attaching means comprise a snap fit mechanism.
Suitably, said snap fit mechanism comprises a pin and hole system.
Suitably, the holder is pivotally movable relative to the body. Alternatively, the holder
is rotationally movable relative to the body.
Suitably, the holder additionally comprises a stop to limit movement of the holder
relative to the body. The stop abuts against the edge of the body at two points when
it is rotated. At these points the holder may be designed to click into place.
Therefore when the stop abuts one body edge then it is clicked into the dispensing
position and when the stop abuts the other body edge then it is clicked into the non-
dispensing position.
Suitably, the holder is slidably movable relative to the body.

Suitably, the holder additionally comprises a catch to retain the cassette. The catch
may for example comprise a sprung pin that fits into a hole or an integral catch that
deforms when pressed allowing removal of the cassette.
Suitably, the catch is child resistant. Child resistance may be realised by having a
system that forces the user to perform two actions at once to remove the cassette.
Other features of the catch may include shock or impact resistance, the ability to lock
the catch and orientation features to ensure that the cassette can only be inserted
one way. The catch should also be easy to manufacture and assemble, be robust,
be composed of a minimal number of components and intrude minimally into the
space into which the cassette is inserted.
Suitably, the holder includes guide means to guide the cassette into the holder.
Preferably said guide means comprise guide rails. Alternatively the guide means
comprise grooves, indentations or other shaping or surface details to define a 'lock
and key' relationship between the holder and the cassette. Colour guides, arrows
and any other surface markings may also be employed.
Suitably, the cassette additionally comprises an indexing lever. The indexing lever
has a finger tab located outside the body of the cassette. The rest of the indexing
lever is located within the cassette. The indexing lever may have teeth at its tail end
and/or teeth along its mid portion.
Suitably, the cassette additionally comprises a mouthpiece.
In one aspect, said mouthpiece is extendible. The mouthpiece extends as the
cassette and holder are moved from the non-dispensing position to the dispensing
position.
Alternatively, the mouthpiece is retractable. The mouthpiece retracts as the cassette
and holder are moved from the dispensing position to the non-dispensing position.

The medicament dispenser may also be designed for nasal inhalation of a powdered
medicament and may therefore incorporate a nosepiece as an alternative to a
mouthpiece. If the medicament is in solid form, the dispenser may incorporate an
exit channel for tablet release.
Suitably, the body covers the mouthpiece and indexing lever when the cassette is in
the non-dispensing position. This avoids the need for a separate cover and protects
the mouthpiece from the ingress of dirt and contaminants during storage.
Suitably, the cassette additionally comprises a raised portion to fit against the holder.
The raised portion is located at the opposite end of the cassette to the
mouthpiece/nosepiece/exit and indexing lever and prevents the incorrect insertion of
the cassette into the holder since it is too wide to fit into the holder. The raised
portion is shaped such that it fits against a cut away part of the holder. Preferably
said raised portion includes a section that is raised to define a grip portion.
Suitably, at least a portion of the holder and body are shaped for ease of grip by the
user. Suitably, operation of the device may be performed with one hand.
Suitably, the body additionally comprises at least one brush or wiper blade located
along its top or bottom side that brush against the top and bottom surfaces of the
inside of the cassette. The brush or wiper blade acts to close off the chamber for
enclosing the medicament carrier from the rest of the body of the cassette and to
prevent any loose powder from entering the rest of the cassette. Loose powder may
enter the chamber from the used portion of the blister strip if the patient indexes the
strip by pressing the lever when they do not intend to take a dose or when they fail to
inhale all the powder.
Suitably, the medicament dispenser comprises an actuation or dose counter for
counting the number of actuations of the indexing lever or releases of dose from the

cassette. The dose counter may count the number of doses left to be taken or the
number of doses taken. Suitably, said dose counter is electronic. Alternatively, said
dose counter is mechanical.
Alternatively, the blister strip has printed numbers on it corresponding to the doses in
the pockets. Preferably said printed numbers are visible through a window in the
cassette. The device may be assembled as follows. The holder is snap fitted into
the body. The cassette is assembled separately. The body of the cassette is
formed, preferably in two sections with any necessary spindles or integral
components formed into the base. Individual components such as indexing wheels,
lid winding mechanisms, guide portions etc are then assembled into the base.
Finally the medicament containing blister strip (or other suitable medicament carrier)
may be inserted into the cassette. This may be wound into the device before the lid
is attached to the cassette and the cassette sealed. Alternatively, the cassette may
be formed completely apart from a hole left in its side for insertion of the blister strip
or medicament carrier. The hole may then be sealed to complete the cassette. This
second method of inserting the medicament carrier into the device has the
advantage that it is much simpler.
Suitably, the medicament dispenser additionally comprises an electronic data
management system. The electronic data management system has input/output
capability and comprises a memory for storage of data; a microprocessor for
performing operations on said data; and a transmitter for transmitting a signal
relating to the data or the outcome of an operation on the data.
Suitably, the medicament dispenser additionally comprises a data input system for
user input of data to the electronic data management system. Preferably, the data
input system comprises a man machine interface (MMI) preferably selected from a
keypad, voice recognition interface, graphical user interface (GUI) or biometrics
interface.

Suitably, the system additionally comprises a visual display unit for display of data
from the electronic data management system to the user. The display may for
example, comprise a screen such as an LED or LCD screen. More preferably the
visual display unit is associable with the body of the medicament dispenser.
Suitably, the medicament dispenser additionally comprises a datalink for linking to a
local data store to enable communication of data between the local data store and
the electronic data management system. The datastore may also comprise data
management, data analysis and data communication capability.
The medicament dispenser may additionally comprise a safety mechanism to
prevent unintended multiple actuations of the dispensing mechanism. The patient is
thereby protected from inadvertently receiving multiple doses of medicament in a
situation where they take a number of short rapid breaths. More preferably, the
safety mechanism imposes a time delay between successive actuations of the
release means. The time delay is typically of the order of from three to thirty
seconds.
Suitably, the medicament dispenser additionally comprises a release detector for
detecting release of medicament from the cassette, wherein said release detector
transmits release data to the electronic data management system.
Suitably, the medicament dispenser additionally comprises a shake detector for
detecting shaking of the medicament container (e.g. prior to actuation of the
dispensing mechanism), wherein said shake detector transmits shake data to the
electronic data management system.
Suitably, any actuation detector, release detector, or shake detector comprises a
sensor for detecting any suitable parameter such as movement. Any suitable
sensors are envisaged including the use of optical sensors. The release detector
may sense any parameter affected by release of the medicament such as pressure,

temperature, sound, moisture, carbon dioxide concentration and oxygen
concentration.
The medicament dispenser herein suitably contains a medicament carrier having a
plurality of pockets for containing medicament wherein said pockets are essentially
uniformly spaced along the length of and defined between two peelably separable
sheets secured to each other. The medicament carrier is generally in the form of an
elongate, peelable blister strip.
Suitably, the peelable blister strip comprises a base sheet in which blisters are
formed to define pockets therein for containing distinct medicament dose portions
and a lid sheet which is hermetically sealed to the base sheet except in the region of
the blisters in such a manner that the lid sheet and the base sheet can be peeled
apart. The base and lid sheets are typically sealed to one another over their whole
width except for the forward end portions where they are typically not sealed to one
another at all. Thus, separate base and lid sheet forward end portions are presented
at the end of the strip. The respective base and lid sheets are peelably separable
from each other to (e.g. separately) release the contents of each pocket.
In one aspect, the leading end of either the base or lid sheet or is looped to enable
better receipt by the hub of the sheet driver herein.
In one aspect, the medicament carrier comprises a peelable blister strip in laminate
form. Suitably, the laminate comprises material selected from the group consisting of
metal foil, organic polymeric material and paper. Suitable metal foils include
aluminium or tin foil having a thickness of from 5 to 100|im, preferably from 10 to
50\im, such as 20 to 30nm. Suitable organic polymeric materials include
polyethylene, polypropylene, polyvinyl chloride and polyethylene terephthalate.
Suitably, the lid sheet comprises at least the following successive layers: (a) paper;
adhesively bonded to (b) polyester; adhesively bonded to (c) aluminium foil; that is

coated with a heat seal lacquer for bonding to the base sheet. The thickness of each
layer may be selected according to the desired properties but is typically of the order
of from 5 to 200 micron, particularly from 10 to 50 micron.
Suitably, the base sheet comprises at least the following successive layers: (a)
oriented polyamide (OPA); adhesively bonded to (b) aluminium foil; adhesively
bonded to (c) a third layer comprising a polymeric material (e.g. polyvinyl chloride).
Various known techniques can be employed to join the lid and base sheet and hence
to seal the blisters of the peelable blister strip. Such methods include adhesive
bonding, hot metal bonding, hot metal welding, radio frequency welding, laser
welding, ultrasonic welding and hot bar sealing. The lid sheet and base sheet of the
peelable blister strip are particularly sealable by 'cold form' sealing methods, which
are conducted at lower temperatures than conventional heat sealing methods. Such
'cold form' sealing methods are of particular utility where the medicament or
medicament formulation for containment within the blister is heat sensitive (e.g.
degrades or denatures on heating). Suitable 'cold form' sealing methods are
conducted at a temperature in the range of 150-250°C, more preferably, 210-240°C.
The medicament may comprise a capsule, pellet or tablet. Alternatively, the
medicament may be in powdered form. Preferably, when in powdered form the
medicament comprises a drug. Preferably the drug is selected from the group
consisting of albuterol, salmeterol, fluticasone propionate and beclomethasone
dipropionate and salts or solvates thereof and any combination thereof. Preferably
said combination comprises salmeterol xinafoate and fluticasone propionate.
Suitably, the powdered medicament additionally comprises an excipient. Suitably,
said excipient is a sugar.
In another aspect, the invention provides the use of a medicament dispenser as
described hereinbefore.

Brief Description of the^Drawings w \y*
The invention will now be described with reference to the accompanying drawings in
which:
Figure 1 shows a perspective view of a medicament carrier for with a medicament
dispenser in accord with the present invention;
Figures 2a to 2k show perspective views of details of the assembly of a sheet driver
herein;
Figures 3a to 3f show perspective views of the incorporation of the sheet driver
assembled as in Figures 2a to 2k into a medicament dispenser herein
Figure 4a shows a perspective view of a medicament dispenser having a first
elongate strip form medicament carrier received thereby, and the insertion of second
elongate strip form medicament carrier there into;
Figure 4b shows the medicament dispenser of Figure 4b with the second elongate
strip form medicament carrier received thereby;
Figures 5a to 5h show perspective views of details of the assembly of a second
sheet driver herein; and
Figures 6a to 6d shows perspective views of the attachment of the end of a
medicament carrier to the second sheet driver of Figures 5a to 5h.

Detailed Description of the Drawings
Referring now to the Figures, Figure 1 shows a medicament carrier 100 for use in
accord with the medicament dispenser of the present invention. The medicament
carrier comprises a flexible strip 102 defining a plurality of pockets 104, 106, 108
each of which contains a dose of medicament that can be inhaled, in the form of
powder.
The strip comprises a base sheet 110 in which blisters are formed to define the
pockets 104, 106, 108 and a lid sheet 112 which is hermetically sealed to the base
sheet except in the region of the blisters in such a manner that the lid sheet 112 and
the base sheet 110 can be peeled apart. The sheets 110, 112 are sealed to one
another over their whole width except for the leading end portions 114, 116 where
they are preferably not sealed to one another at all. The leading end portion 116 of
the lid sheet 112 is looped for engagement with a hub of a sheet driver, as will be
described in more detail hereinafter. The lid 112 and base 112 sheets are each
preferably formed of a plastics/aluminium laminate and are preferably adhered to
one another by heat sealing.
The strip 102 is shown as having uniformly-spaced elongate pockets 104, 106, and
108 that run transversely with respect to the length of the strip 102. This is
convenient in that it enables a large number of pockets 104, 106, 108 to be provided
in a given strip 102 length. The strip 102 may, for example, be provided with sixty or
one hundred pockets but it will be understood that the strip 102 may have any
suitable number of pockets.
Figures 2a to 2k show details of the assembly of a first sheet driver herein. In respect
of each of the Figures, only the most relevant parts for that Figure are labelled.
Referring initially to Figures 2a and 2b, circular form base 220 may be seen to have
geared drive surface 225 provided to circumferential rim 222 and integral, upwardly

extending shaft 230. Torsion spring 240 having lower 242 and upper 244 spring ends
is lowered onto shaft 230 such that lower spring end 242 engages in spring leg
retainer slot 224 of base 220. The shaft 230 also has a protruding lip 234, the
function of which will become clearer from the later description.
Referring now to Figures 2c to 2e, hub 250 is lowered onto shaft 230 such that it sits
over torsion spring 240. It may be seen that upper spring leg 244 of torsion spring
240 is received by spring leg retainer slot 252 provided to the inner part of the hub
250. Upper end 232 of the shaft 230 protrudes through central aperture 254 of the lid
end 256 of the hub 250. The hub 250 may also be seen to be provided with an
upwardly standing hook 258 part arranged for receipt of the looped end of a sheet,
as will be described in more detail hereinafter.
Referring now to Figures 2f to 2h, hub 250 is now rotated in a clockwise direction (in
alternative embodiments, anti-clockwise rotation is envisaged) by a defined rotation
(in this case about 135°) relative to the base 220. It will be appreciated that because
the spring legs of torsion spring (not visible in Figures 2f to 2h) attach respectively to
the base 220 and hub 250, such rotation results in tensing of the torsion spring. The
extent of defined rotation is selected such as to align a stepped wall 255 of the
underside of the hub 250 with the edge of the wall 223 that forms part of retainer slot
224 for lower spring leg 242.
As shown at Figures 2i to 2k, the hub 250 is then pressed home (i.e. downwards
towards the base 220) such that the central aperture 254 thereof snap-fits over the
lip 234 of shaft 230 to retain the hub 250 to the base 220. The torsion spring (not
visible in Figures 2i to 2k) does not unwind from its tensed state as a result of the
interaction of the stepped wall 255 of the underside of the hub 250 with the edge of
the wall 223 that forms part of retainer slot 224 for lower spring leg 242 (all visible in
Figure 2i only).
The sheet driver assembly is now ready for use in a suitable medicament dispenser.

Figures 3a to 3f show perspective views of the assembly of the drive unit 260 of a
medicament dispenser herein. The drive unit 260 is arranged for use in a
medicament dispenser for use with plural medicament carriers, each of the type
shown at Figure 1 and having a plurality of pockets 104, 106, 108 for containing
medicament wherein said pockets 104,106,108 are spaced along the length of and
defined between a base sheet 110 and lid sheet 112, the sheets 110,112 secured to
each other and peelably separable by drivable pulling action
Referring to Figure 3a, drive unit 260 is arranged for receipt of first and second sheet
drivers 218a, 218b such that the hubs 250a, 250b thereof extend through apertures
262a, 262b provided to the base 261 of the drive unit. The bases 220a, 220b of the
drivers 218a, 218b protrude upwards from the apertures 262a, 262b such that the
respective hubs 250a, 250b are rotatably drivable by rotary drive motion of the
geared drive surfaces 225a, 225b of the respective bases 220a, 220b.
Referring to Figure 3b, the geared drive surfaces 225a, 225b of the respective bases
220a, 220b of may be seen to interact with complex gear train 265 provided to the
base 261 of the drive unit 260. The gear train 265, and hence rotation of each
respective base 220a, 220b is ultimately drivable by primary index gear 270, which
interacts with ratchet unit 272, the purpose of which is to prevent reverse rotation of
the primary index gear 270.
Referring to Figure 3c, the primary index gear 270 may be seen in turn, to be
drivable by index lever 274, which pivots about pivot point 275. Thus, actuation of
the sheet drivers 218a, 218b is by pivotal movement of the index 274 to rotate the
primary index gear 270, which accordingly results in transfer of drive through gear
train 265 to the geared drive surfaces 225a, 225b of the bases 220a, 220b of both of
the sheet drivers 218a, 218b.
Referring now to Figures 3d to 3f, first 282 and second 284 shell parts of dispenser
housing 280 are applied to the drive unit 260. It may be seen that mouthpiece 281 is

defined by shell parts 282, 284 in tandem. In Figures 3e and 3f (only) movable cover
286 is also seen to have been fitted over peg 273 of index lever 274 such that
movement of the cover 286 will result in movement of the index lever 274, and thus
in turn actuate the mechanism for driving the sheet drivers 218a, 218b. Overall, in
use, patient movement of the movable cover 286 provides the means for advancing
the sheet drivers 218a, 218b, and hence the individual medicament doses held
within pockets of the medicament carrier.
The interaction of the medicament carriers with the drive unit of the dispenser of
Figures 3e and 3f may be better understood by reference to Figures 4a and 4b.
Figure 4a shows the medicament dispenser of Figure 3e (a) having the top shell 282
and movable cover 286 removed (for better visibility of the inner workings); and (b)
having a first elongate strip form medicament carrier 302a received thereby, and
illustrating the insertion of second elongate strip form medicament carrier 302b there
into. Figure 4b shows the medicament dispenser of Figure 4b with the second
elongate strip form medicament carrier 302b received thereby.
In more detail, Figures 4a and 4b illustrate a base unit 360 of a medicament
dispenser herein. First and second medicament-containing blister strips 302a, 302b
are arranged to be accommodated within respective left and right chambers 390a,
390b of the base unit 360. It will be appreciated that each blister strip 302a, 302b
has the form shown in Figure 1. Within the dispenser, each blister strip 302a, 302b
engages in respective multi-pocket index wheel 392a, 392b, and successive pockets
are thereby guided towards a central opening station 393. The rotation of the index
wheels 392a, 392b is optionally coupled together (e.g. via a suitable gear train such
as shown in Fig 3b). At the opening station 393, the lid foil 312a, 312b and base foil
314a, 314b parts of each strip 302a, 302b are peelably separable about beak (not
clearly visible). The resulting empty base foil 314a, 314b coils up in respective base
take-up chambers 315a, 315b. A base foil anchor 317a, 317b anchors the end of
each respective base foil 314a, 314b in its chamber 315a, 315b.

The looped end 316a, 316b of each lid foil 312a, 312b of each carrier 302a, 302b is
received by upwardly standing hook 358a, 358b part of its respective torsion hub
350a, 350b drive. The inner structure of each torsion hub drive 350a, 350b is as
described by reference to Figures 2a to 2k, or in an alternative embodiment is that
described by reference to Figures 5a to 5h.
The function of each torsion hub drive 350a, 350b is to ensure a roughly constant
driving tension is provided to each strip 302a, 302b over the course of each entire
strip length. In particular, each torsion hub 350a, 350b acts to compensate for the
variation in drive tension associated with the increase in the effective winding
diameter of each hub 350a, 350b as used lid foils 312a, 312b gradually becomes
wrapped there around. Thus, uniform indexing of each strip 302a, 302b may be
maintained over the entire strip length.
In use, the dispenser is primed (typically by means of an actuating lever, for example
in the form of a movable cover 286 as shown in Figures 3e, 3f) to drivably actuate
each torsion hub drive 350a, 350b associated with each carrier 302a, 302b, thereby
causing the leading pocket thereof to be peeled open. Each torsion hub 350a, 350b
acts to provide any necessary drive compensation, as described above. To access
the contents of the opened pockets the patient then breathes in through the outlet
381 (which is typically shaped as a mouthpiece or nasal nozzle). This results in
negative pressure being transmitted through manifold 383 to the opened leading
pocket of each strip 302a, 302b at the opening station 393. This in turn, results in the
medicament powder contained within each of the opened pockets being drawn out
through the common manifold 383 to the outlet 381 and hence to the patient as an
inhaled combination medicament dose. It be appreciated that, mixing of each
separately delivered component of the combined medicament product happens as
the powder is transported from each opened pocket to the outlet 381.
Figures 5a to 5h show perspective views of details of the assembly of a second
sheet driver herein.

Referring initially to Figures 5a and 5b, circular form base 320 is provided with
ratchet arm 321. Ring 323 having a first geared drive surface 325 provided to its
outer circumference and a second geared surface 327 provided to its inner
circumference is pressed onto the base 320. When pressed home, it may be seen
that ratchet arm 321 of the base 320 is in ratcheted engagement with the second
(i.e. inner) geared surface 327 of the ring such that the ring 323 may only be rotated
in one direction relative to the base 320. Shaft 330 extends away from the base 320.
Referring now to Figures 5c and 5d, torsion spring 340 having lower 342 and upper
344 spring ends is lowered onto shaft 330 such that lower spring end 342 engages in
spring leg retainer slot 324 of base 320. The shaft 330 also has a protruding notch
334, the function of which will become clearer from the later description.
Referring now to Figures 5e and 5f, hub 350 is lowered onto shaft 330 such that it
sits over torsion spring 340. Upper spring leg of torsion spring 340 is received by
spring leg retainer slot (not visible) provided to the inner part of the hub 350. Upper
end 332 of the shaft 330 protrudes through central aperture 354 of the lid end 356 of
the hub 350. The hub 350 may also be seen to be provided with a hook 358 part
arranged for receipt of the looped end of a sheet, as will be described in more detail
hereinafter.
Referring now to Figures 5g to 5h, hub 350 is now rotated in an anti-clockwise
direction (in alternative embodiments, clockwise rotation is envisaged) by a defined
rotation (in this case about 90°) relative to the base 320. It will be appreciated that
because the spring legs of torsion spring (not visible in Figures 5g to 5h) attach
respectively to the base 320 and hub 350, such rotation results in tensing of the
torsion spring. The extent of defined rotation is selected such as to align a stepped
wall (not visible) of the underside of the hub 350 with the edge of the wall (not
visible) that forms part of retainer slot for lower spring leg 342.

The torsion spring (not visible in Figures 5g to and 5h) does not unwind from its
tensed state as a result of the ratcheted interaction between the ratchet arm 321 of
the base 320 and the inner geared surface 327 of the ring 323.
One advantage of the 'ratcheted hub' form of sheet driver as shown in Figures 5a to
5h is that it allows for flattening out of any variation of spring tolerances. Such
variation of spring tolerance often occurs when springs are manufactured in bulk.
The second sheet driver assembly is now ready for use in a suitable medicament
dispenser.
Figures 6a to 6d show the attachment of the end of a medicament carrier to the hub
350 of the second sheet driver of Figures 5a to 5h.
Figure 6a shows the second sheet driver 318 loaded into a drive unit 360 of a
suitable medicament dispenser with the hook 358 part of the hub 350 facing
outwards. In Figure 6b, a looped end 316 of the lid sheet 312 of a medicament
carrier (of the type shown in Figure 1) is looped over the hook 358 of the hub 350. In
Figures 6c and 6d, the sheet driver 318 is rotated thereby causing the lid sheet 312
to wrap around the hub 350 until all slack is taken up.
The medicament dispenser herein is suitable for dispensing medicament, particularly
for the treatment of respiratory disorders such as asthma and chronic obstructive
pulmonary disease (COPD), bronchitis and chest infections. Appropriate
medicaments may thus be selected from, for example, analgesics, e.g., codeine,
dihydromorphine, ergotamine, fentanyl or morphine; anginal preparations, e.g.,
diltiazem; antiallergics, e.g., cromoglycate (e.g. as the sodium salt), ketotifen or
nedocromil (e.g. as the sodium salt); antiinfectives e.g., cephalosporins, penicillins,
streptomycin, sulphonamides, tetracyclines and pentamidine; antihistamines, e.g.,
methapyrilene; anti- inflammatories, e.g., beclomethasone (e.g. as the dipropionate
ester), fluticasone (e.g. as the propionate ester), flunisolide, budesonide, rofleponide,

mometasone e.g. as the furoate ester), ciclesonide, triamcinolone (e.g. as the
acetonide) or 6a, 9a-difluoro-1ip-hydroxy-16a-methyl-3-oxo-17a-propionyloxy-
androsta-1,4-diene-17p-carbothioic acid S-(2-oxo-tetrahydro-furan-3-yl) ester;
antitussives, e.g., noscapine; bronchodilators, e.g., albuterol (e.g. as free base or
sulphate), salmeterol (e.g. as xinafoate), ephedrine, adrenaline, fenoterol (e.g. as
hydrobromide), formoterol (e.g. as fumarate), isoprenaline, metaproterenol,
phenylephrine, phenylpropanolamine, pirbuterol (e.g. as acetate), reproterol (e.g. as
hydrochloride), rimiterol, terbutaline (e.g. as sulphate), isoetharine, tulobuterol or 4-
hydroxy-7-[2-[[2-[[3-(2-phenylethoxy)propyl]sulfonyl]ethyl]amino]ethyl-2(3H)-
benzothiazolone; adenosine 2a agonists, e.g. 2R,3R,4S,5R)-2-[6-Amino-2-(1S-
hydroxymethyl-2-phenyl-ethylamino)-purin-9-yl]-5-(2-ethyl-2H-tetrazol-5-yl)-
tetrahydro-furan-3,4-diol (e.g. as maleate); a4 integrin inhibitors e.g. (2S)-3-[4-({[4-
(aminocarbonyl)-1-piperidinyl]carbonyl}oxy)phenyl]-2-[((2S)-4-methyl-2-{[2-(2-
methylphenoxy) acetyl]amino}pentanoyl)amino] propanoic acid (e.g. as free acid or
potassium salt), diuretics, e.g., amiloride; anticholinergics, e.g., ipratropium (e.g. as
bromide), tiotropium, atropine or oxitropium; hormones, e.g., cortisone,
hydrocortisone or prednisolone; xanthines, e.g., aminophylline, choline
theophyllinate, lysine theophyllinate or theophylline; therapeutic proteins and
peptides, e.g., insulin or glucagon; vaccines, diagnostics, and gene therapies. It will
be clear to a person skilled in the art that, where appropriate, the medicaments may
be used in the form of salts, (e.g., as alkali metal or amine salts or as acid addition
salts) or as esters (e.g., lower alkyl esters) or as solvates (e.g., hydrates) to optimise
the activity and/or stability of the medicament.
Preferred medicaments are selected from albuterol, salmeterol, fluticasone
propionate and beclomethasone dipropionate and salts or solvates thereof, e.g., the
sulphate of albuterol and the xinafoate of salmeterol.
Medicaments can also be delivered in combinations. Preferred formulations
containing combinations of active ingredients contain salbutamol (e.g., as the free
base or the sulphate salt) or salmeterol (e.g., as the xinafoate salt) or formoterol (eg

as the fumarate salt) in combination with an anti-inflammatory steroid such as a
beclomethasone ester (e.g., the dipropionate) or a fluticasone ester (e.g., the
propionate) or budesonide. A particularly preferred combination is a combination of
fluticasone propionate and salmeterol, or a salt thereof (particularly the xinafoate
salt). A further combination of particular interest is budesonide and formoterol (e.g.
as the fumarate salt).
Generally, powdered medicament particles suitable for delivery to the bronchial or
alveolar region of the lung have an aerodynamic diameter of less than 10
micrometers, preferably less than 6 micrometers. Other sized particles may be used
if delivery to other portions of the respiratory tract is desired, such as the nasal
cavity, mouth or throat. The medicament may be delivered as pure drug, but more
appropriately, it is preferred that medicaments are delivered together with excipients
(carriers) which are suitable for inhalation. Suitable excipients include organic
excipients such as polysaccharides (i.e. starch, cellulose and the like), lactose,
glucose, mannitol, amino acids, and maltodextrins, and inorganic excipients such as
calcium carbonate or sodium chloride. Lactose is a preferred excipient.
Particles of the powdered medicament and/or excipient may be produced by
conventional techniques, for example by micronisation, milling or sieving.
Additionally, medicament and/or excipient powders may be engineered with
particular densities, size ranges, or characteristics. Particles may comprise active
agents, surfactants, wall forming materials, or other components considered
desirable by those of ordinary skill.
The excipient may be included with the medicament via well-known methods, such
as by admixing, co-precipitating and the like. Blends of excipients and drugs are
typically formulated to allow the precise metering and dispersion of the blend into
doses. A standard blend, for example, contains 13000 micrograms lactose mixed
with 50 micrograms drug, yielding an excipient to drug ratio of 260:1. Dosage blends

with excipient to drug ratios of from 1000:1 to 1:1 may be used. At very low ratios of
excipient to drug, however, the drug dose reproducibility may become more variable.
The present application claims priority from UK patent application No. 04 182 78.8
filed on 16 August 2004, the entire content of which is hereby incorporated herein by
reference.
It will be understood that the present disclosure is for the purpose of illustration only
and the invention extends to modifications, variations and improvements thereto.
The application of which this description and claims form part may be used as a
basis for priority in respect of any subsequent application. The claims of such
subsequent application may be directed to any feature or combination of features
described therein. They may take the form of product, method or use claims and
may include, by way of example and without limitation, one or more of the following
claims:

WE CLAIM :
1. A sheet driver for use in a medicament dispenser including a medicament
carrier having a plurality of pockets for containing medicament wherein said pockets
are spaced along the length of and defined between first and second sheets secured
to each other and separable by drivable pulling action, said sheet driver comprising
(a) a base;
(b) extending from said base, a shaft defining a rotational axis;
(c) at said base, a drive surface for receipt of drive to rotate the base about said
rotational axis;
(d) about said shaft, a torsion spring defining first and second spring legs;
(e) mounting about the shaft and said torsion spring for rotation about the
rotational axis, a hub defining a hub surface for receipt of a sheet of said
medicament carrier,
wherein a first leg receiver of the base receives said first spring leg of the torsion
spring and a second leg receiver of said hub receives said second spring leg of the
torsion spring such that relative rotation of the base and the hub results in tensioning
of the torsion spring.
2. A sheet driver as claimed in claim 1, wherein the base is of essentially circular
form.
3. A sheet driver as claimed in either of claims 1 or 2, wherein the shaft is integral
with the base.

4. A sheet driver as claimed in any of claims 1 to 3, wherein the drive surface
defines a gearing surface.
5. A sheet driver as claimed in any of claims 1 to 4, wherein the drive surface
extends circumferentially about the base.
6. A sheet driver as claimed in any of claims 1 to 5, wherein the drive surface is
integral with the base.
7. A sheet driver as claimed in claim 6, wherein the base defines a rim and the
drive surface is provided to said rim.
8. A sheet driver as claimed in any of claims 1 to 5, wherein the drive surface is
provided to a separate part, which associates with the base.
9. A sheet driver as claimed in claim 8, wherein said part comprises a ring that fits
over and is received by a rim of the base.
10. A sheet driver as claimed in claim 9, wherein the drive surface is provided to
the outer circumference of the ring.
11. A sheet driver as claimed in either of claims 9 or 10, wherein ah inner
circumferential surface of the ring is also provided with gearing and the base is
provided with a ratchet arm such that the base and ring are in ratcheted
engagement.
12. A sheet driver as claimed in any of claims 1 to 11, wherein the first and second
spring legs protrude from first and second ends of the spring.
13. A sheet driver as claimed in any of claims 1 to 12, wherein the hub fits over the
torsion spring and shaft.

14. A sheet driver as claimed in any of claims 1 to 13, wherein the hub is provided
with sheet engaging means for engaging the end of a sheet.
15. A sheet driver as claimed in claim 14, wherein the sheet engaging means
comprises surface marking or coating provided to the hub to enhance the frictional
contact between the hub and the sheet.
16. A sheet driver as claimed in claim 14, wherein the sheet engaging means
comprises loop-engaging means for engaged receipt of a looped end of a sheet.
17. A sheet driver as claimed in any of claims 1 to 16, additionally comprising a
lock for locking the rotation of the hub relative to the base.
18. A sheet driver as claimed in claim 17, wherein the lock locates at a defined
rotational spacing from a start position at which the torsion spring is not tensioned,
and the or each locking position defines a tensioning of the torsion spring.
19. A sheet driver as claimed in either of claims 17 or 18, wherein the hub is
provided with a locking pin receivable by one or more locking pin receivers of the
base.
20. A sheet driver as claimed in either of claims 17 or 18, wherein, the base is
provided with a locking pin receivable by one or more locking pin receivers of the
hub.
21. A medicament dispenser for use with a medicament carrier having a plurality
of pockets for containing medicament wherein said pockets are spaced along the
length of and defined between first and second sheets secured to each other and
separable by drivable pulling action, said dispenser having an internal dispensing
mechanism for accessing said medicament contained within said medicament
carrier, said mechanism comprising,
a) an opening station for receiving a pocket of said medicament carrier;

b) peeling means positioned to engage a base sheet and a lid sheet of a pocket
which has been received in said opening station for peeling apart such a base sheet
and lid sheet, to open such a pocket, said peeling means including a sheet driver as
claimed in any of claims 1 to 20 for pulling apart a lid sheet and a base sheet of a
pocket that has been received at said opening station;
c) an outlet, positioned to be in communication with an opened pocket through
which a user can remove medicament from such an opened pocket; and
d) indexer for indexing in communication with said outlet, pockets of a
medicament carrier in use with said medicament dispenser, said indexer being
interconnected with said sheet driver such that movement of one correlates with the
movement of the other.
22. A medicament dispenser for use with plural medicament carriers, each having
a plurality of pockets for containing medicament wherein said pockets are spaced
along the length of and defined between first and second sheets secured to each
other and separable by drivable pulling action, said dispenser having an internal
dispensing mechanism for accessing said medicament contained within each of said
plural medicament carriers, said mechanism comprising,
a) an opening station for receiving a pocket of each of said plural medicament
carriers;
b) peeling means positioned to engage a base sheet and a lid sheet of a pocket
which has been received in said opening station for peeling apart such a base sheet
and lid sheet, to open such a pocket, said peeling means including a sheet driver as
as claimed in any of claims 1 to 20 for pulling apart a lid sheet and a base sheet of a
pocket that has been received at said opening station;

c) an outlet, positioned to be in communication with an opened pocket through
which a user can remove medicament from such an opened pocket; and
d) an indexer for indexing in communication with said outlet, pockets of each of
said plural medicament carriers in use with said medicament dispenser, said indexer
being interconnected with said sheet driver such that movement of one correlates
with the movement of the other.

23. A medicament dispenser as claimed in either of claims 21 or 22, wherein the
indexer comprises a rotatable index wheel having pocket receiving recesses therein.
24. A medicament dispenser as claimed in any of clajms 21 to 23, additionally
comprising an indexing lever for actuating the indexer and sheet driver.
25. A medicament dispenser as claimed in any of claims 21 to 24, wherein the
indexing lever couples to a movable cover provided to the dispenser such that
movement of the cover results in movement of the indexing lever.
26. A medicament dispenser as claimed in any of claims 21 to 25, wherein the
peeling means additionally comprises a guide for guiding the lid sheet and base
sheet along separate paths at the opening station.
27. A medicament dispenser as claimed in any of claims 21 to 26, additionally
comprising at least one medicament carrier having a plurality of pockets containing
medicament wherein said pockets are spaced along the length of and defined
between first and second sheets secured to each other and separable by drivable
pulling action.
28. A medicament dispenser as claimed in claim 27, wherein said at least one
medicament carrier comprises a lid sheet which is hermetically sealed to a base

sheet except in the region of the blisters such that said lid sheet and base sheet can
be peeled apart by said drivable pulling action.
29. A medicament dispenser as claimed in either of claims 27 or 28, wherein the
leading end of either the base or lid sheet or is looped for receipt by the hub.
30. A medicament dispenser as claimed in any of claims 27 to 29, wherein the
medicament is in powdered or tablet form.
31. A medicament dispenser as claimed in claim 30, wherein the medicament
comprises a drug.


There is provided a sheet driver (218a) for use in a
medicament dispenser including a medicament carrier (100) having
a plurality of pockets (104) for containing medicament wherein
said pockets (104) are spaced along the length of and defined between
first and second sheets (110, 112) secured to each other and
separable by drivable pulling action, the sheet driver (218a) comprising
a base (220); ascending from the base (200), a shaft (230)
defining a rotational axis; on the base (220), a drive surface (225)
for receipt of drive to rotate the base (220) about the rotational axis;
about the shaft (230), a torsion spring (240) defining first and second
spring legs (242, 244); mounting about the shaft (230) and the
torsion spring (240) for rotation about the rotational axis, a hub
(250) defining a hub surface for receipt of a sheet (110, 112) of the
medicament carrier (100). A first leg receiver (224) of the base
(220) receives the first spring leg (242) of the torsion spring (240)
and a second leg receiver (252) of the hub (250) receives the second
spring leg (244) of the torsion spring (240) such that relative
rotation of the base (220) and the hub (250) results in tensioning
of the torsion spring (240).

Documents:

00620-kolnp-2007-assignment-1.1.pdf

00620-kolnp-2007-correspondence-1..pdf

00620-kolnp-2007-form 18.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 abstract.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 assignment.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 claims.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 correspondence others.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 description(complete).pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 drawings.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 form-1.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 form-3.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 form-5.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 international publication.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 international search authority report.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 pct form.pdf

0620-kolnp-2007 priority document.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-ABSTRACT 1.1.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-ABSTRACT.pdf

620-kolnp-2007-assignment.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-CANCELLED DOCOMENT.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-CANCELLED PAGES 1.1.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-CLAIMS 1.1.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-CLAIMS.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-CORRESPONDENCE 1.2.pdf

620-kolnp-2007-correspondence.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-DESCRIPTION (COMPLETE) 1.1.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-DESCRIPTION COMPLATE.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-DRAWINGS 1.1.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-DRAWINGS.pdf

620-kolnp-2007-examination report.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-FORM 1.1.1.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-FORM 1.pdf

620-kolnp-2007-form 18.pdf

620-kolnp-2007-form 3-1.1.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-FORM 3.pdf

620-kolnp-2007-form 5.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-FORM-27.pdf

620-kolnp-2007-gpa.pdf

620-kolnp-2007-granted-abstract.pdf

620-kolnp-2007-granted-claims.pdf

620-kolnp-2007-granted-description (complete).pdf

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620-KOLNP-2007-PETITION UNDER RULE 137.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT 1.1.pdf

620-kolnp-2007-reply to examination report-1.2.pdf

620-KOLNP-2007-REPLY TO EXAMINATION REPORT.pdf

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Patent Number 246832
Indian Patent Application Number 620/KOLNP/2007
PG Journal Number 11/2011
Publication Date 18-Mar-2011
Grant Date 16-Mar-2011
Date of Filing 20-Feb-2007
Name of Patentee GLAXO GROUP LIMITED
Applicant Address GLAXO WELLCOME HOUSE, BERKELEY AVENUE, GREENFORD, MIDDLESEX UB6 0NN
Inventors:
# Inventor's Name Inventor's Address
1 JONES CHRISTOPHER JOHN DCA DESIGN INTERNATIONAL LIMITED, 19 CHURCH STREET, WARWICK, WARWICKSHIRE CV34 4AB
2 MAY JAMES JOHN DCA DESIGN INTERNATIONAL LIMITED, 19 CHURCH STREET, WARWICK, WARWICKSHIRE CV34 4AB
3 PALMER MARK GREGORY GLAXOSMITHKLINE, PARK ROAD, WARE, HERTFORDSHIRE, SG12 0DP
4 TANSLEY ROBERT WILLIAM WARWICK DESIGN CONSULTANTS LIMITED, 12 WATERLOO PARK ESTATE, BIDFORD ON AVON, WARWICKSHIRE B50 4JH
5 LINTELL DANIEL THOMAS DE SAUSMAREZ C/O GLAXOSMITHKLINE, PARK ROAD, WARE, HERTFORDSHIRE, SG12 0DP
PCT International Classification Number A61M 15/00
PCT International Application Number PCT/EP2005/008842
PCT International Filing date 2005-08-12
PCT Conventions:
# PCT Application Number Date of Convention Priority Country
1 0418278.8 2004-08-16 U.K.